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The Orangeburg democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1879-1881, February 14, 1879, Image 1

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The Orangeburg Democrat,
"Vol. E ORANGEBURG, S. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, ?079. 2STo. 7.
SHERIDAN & SIMS, Proprietors.
One Year.v.$1.50
Six Months.1.00
Ministers of the Gospoi.1.00
Advertisement?. ,
First tnstertlori......''.$1.W) |
Eacli Subsequent Insortiou.50
Libernl contracts nmdo for 3 months
und over.
Job office
&?t> i?x?in.tiiag
The Orangeb?rg Mechanical > und
Agricultural Associaiion held their
Annual Meeting in the tfair Building
on Saturday the 8th instant. Oapt.
Mortimer Glover was,elected chair'
man, and Mr. John IL Heidtman,
secretary. A committee of three on j
proxies, consisting of Dr. W. F. Bar
ton, Hugo G. Sheridan and L. K.
Beekwith was appointed, and after a
few minutes absence reported 113
shares represented. 'The chairman
announced a quorum present and that
the meeting was ready to proceed to
business. The minuted of the last
meeting were read and confirmed.
The report of the president and di
rectors was read, , also that of the sec
retary and treasurer, and on motion,
were received and adopted by the
meeting. The reports are as follows:
The Board of Directors respectful
ly submit their report of the transac
tions of the company for the year
1878, in a short and concise manner.
Although the report is not finan
cially as favorable as they could wish
yet they feel that they have done
their duty, and the fault does not lie
with them. The general ludebtness
of the Association remain without
material change from 12.months ago.
The scattering bonds that have been
drawing heavy interest have been]
united in one at a lower rate of inter
est, and they present the property to
day, in good condition) and in the
opinion of the Directors, equal to any
county association.in the State.
John L. HeIdtman, Sec. & TrIsas.
In ape. . with the O. A. & M. A.
To cash received or.K. Rob
inson, ex-treasurer..... $5 60
Cash received ipr rent ,r
of buildings & grounds.... 125 65
" Cash received of Citizens,,.
^ SavlngsCBank:..:y.l.:::'l-..,..6' 25
" .Cash received of the Fair..703 51
Moorer, I^oan.......1195 96
M Cash advanced by Treas.2 06
Total...;...........,.82032 03
By Cosh paid Premium on In
surance...$45 001
" Cash paid Town Taxes 1
on property..8 00 J
" Cash paid on expenses of
Fair....746 60
" Cash paid on State and
County taxes.36 371
I *' Cash paid for incidental
expenses.1 10
" Note and interest of
Mrs. Dibble.184 08
II On Note and Interest of
Mrs. Felder...728 00
" On Note and Interest of
Mr. Keller.133 40
" On Note and Interest of
Mr. Morse.86 48
" On Account and Interest
of Mr. Lucas.,.64 001
Total.82032 031
. assets,
Real Estate and Personally..6268 41
Bal. due by Oit. Sav. Bank......25 24
Balance due on 4 Shares....60 00
Premiums on hand......15 00
Total.86368 651
Amount of Capital Stock
> Paid in.5565 00
Bills Payable.;...1195 96
Int., on Debt to Feb. 1, '79.48 64
Amount Due Treaa.......62 06
Total....;....Vi.86871 66
BillsPapable.1195 96
Interest on Debt... = 48 64
Amount Due Treas......62 06
Total.,01306 66
Building Insured In the Tex- h
no Banking nnd Ins. Co..1500 00
" Insured in the Peters*
burg Savings <J& Ins. C0..I6OO 001
Policy*.........83000 001
NcW gentlemen after hearing the
report it is for you to say what shall
Be done and how it shall be done,
Wc have bad 4 successful exhibitions
which fjhould be an honor to the
County. The last one was the fifth)
and under the trying crlrcumstances
the Board feel that as the expenses
were met that they did well. There
is no use for me to repeat our obsta
cles since 1878, but will simply re
mind tho stockholders that their duty
towards the Association has been care
lens and discouraging) and would in
voke you to unite your wisdom and I
influence towards its interests in fu
ture* and whoever is elected directors
will have encouragement to work for
the interest bf the Association, and
the county. We believe and feel
that the planting interests of our
county demand it, and this society
will ssek it, and wo farther believe
that without some such attractions,
or some such interest in home pro
ductions and improvements that so
cial industrial improvements will
retrograde; therefore gentlemen, it
is for you to say to-day what shall be
dolic?nnd bow it shall he done, and
if you elect directors to run the Fairs
to Interest) you must do it with a will
to encourage both by your means and
The report of. Committee on the
Clement Attachment was read and
received n8 information, and the
committee discharged: Tho views of
individual members on tho future
policy of the Association were called
for by President J, L. Moorer. Capt.
Samuel Dibble thought the trUe poli
cy to bo pursued was for tho Associa
tion to follow the even ten tue of its
way* The condition of the Associa
tion was as encouraging as could
be expected, and the debt resting
upon it had been consolidated at ?
per cent. He advised no new enter
prise save to bold a Floral Fair in the
Spring in addition to the Annual
Fair in the Fall. If the property ad
joining the Fair grounds could be
sold at a fair valuation let it bo done,
but not to sell it at a sacrifice. The
property was not rusting and would
increase in value as tbe town built up.
He advised that the premium list be
confined to articles on exhibition and
not include crop's raised here and
there. He saw no reason for dis
couragement, and thought that the
shares not paid for should be sold.
Mr. Dibble moved that the same
President and Board of Directors be
clectedk The motion being put was
carried unanimously, and the chair
man announced that the same Presi
dent and Board were elected to serve
the ensuing year.
""?'Miv.T. H. Zimmerman thought
Fairs, did not pay expenses and fa
vored a sale of the propertyv
Dr. W. F. Barton did not concur
but thought Fairs would pay hand
somely if each stockholder would take
an interest in them. The four Fairs
preceding the last, each paid from
8200 to $300 apiece. Orangeburg
was a successful agricultural county-?
full of energy and enterprise and if
each man would get bis neighbor to
attend and thus infuse an interest in
the members of every community, in
a short time the Association would
be clear of debt.
Mr. L. R. Beckwith said that the
success of previous Fairs came from
outsiders. Most of the stockholders
neither exhibited or patronized tbe
Fair. Last year was not a fair crite
rion by which to judge tho success of
any enterprise. Let every man do
his duty and success was sure.
Dr. J. C. Holman voted against the
Directors because he was one and
wanted to get out.
- Mr. Harpin Rlggs did not wish to
serve, because a few did all the work
and he thought the Fair an up-hill
business. If every member would do
his duty it would not be so.
Dr. Barton objected to Mr. Riggs
declinig to serve and hoped for the
good of the Association he would not
An effort was made to reconsider
the vote by which tho President and
Board of Directors were elected but
There being no further business
the meeting adjourned.
A Mysterious Hand.
A curiosity which puzzles scientists
in now on exhibition in Gould's cabi
net at Mill City, Nov. It is a per
fectly formed hand, which apparent
ly belonged to a boy about fourteen
years of age. Tho hand is open, the
fingers being slightly bent towaid tho
palm, on which tho thumb rests.
Tho back of the hand seems to havo
been crushed or decomposed before
petrified 5 tho palm, thumb and fin
gers are perfect. It was found at the
sulphur beds near Rabbit Hole, by
one of the men employed in shoveling
crude sulphur into the refining retort,
and is supposed to havo been cm
bedded in the sulphur bank for ages.
The fingers are comparatively short,
a fact which indicates that it did not
belong to an Indian, as tho rcdir.an's
fingers aro generally longer than
those of tho whites 5 but tho thumb is
rather longer than the average* To
what race tho owner of tho hand bo
longed, and how and when it was em
bedded in tho sulphur, will probably
ever remain unknown.
A few days ago tho Oregonian
contained a list of marriages during
the year, and among them appeared
tho following notice I "December 13,
Prince C. J. Nada&ky and Marie
Von Reiche." Tho oddity of a titled
Wedding in Oregon led our reporter
to investigate, and here follows the
true story t Prince Carl Johann Na
dasky, sole heir of a wealthy aud
influential Austrian family and a long
line of illustrious ancestors* was dur
ing the revolutionary war of 1848, a
young officer in the Imperial Aus
trian Guard. When sentence of
death was passed on Robert Blum,
the famous revolutionary leader and
a favorite of the German people, the
young officer was detailed to com
mand the detachment of soldiers
whose bullets were to terminate the
life of the noblest and bravest man
of his age. The fortitude Blum dis
played at the execution and his part
ing words so impressed tho young
soldier that a few months' study of
the liberal publications of those days
sufficed to lead him into the revolu
tionary party. But the feudal gov
ernment triumphed) and Prince Na
dasky, together with many other
prominent leaders; was taken prison
ers and condemned to death* But
through the influence of his relatives
I his sentence was commuted to im
prisonment for life, and he was sent
to the dark toils of an Austrian fort
Eight long years tho Prince lived
the life of a convict, until at the birth
of the Crown Prince of Austria he
was liberated, but banished from his
country for life. He came to San
Francisco and devoted himself, under
the assumed name of II. Meier, to the
business of flower gardner, earning a
livlihood and accumulating a small
fortune. About five years ago he
waain^arrjed to a (Sertnan lady of no
ble birth, who was impressed with
the cultured and gentlemanly de
meanor of the gardner. Not moro
than a year past ho removed to this
State, and lived at Salem, where
he bought a small property for his
business. But the happy pair had
been blessed with a lovely boy, and
the father found no rest in the sdd
thought that his dear ones were des
tined to lead an obscure life, away
from the luxury and honors due
them, and took passage for Europe.
He went to Vienna, and in an audi
ence with Emperor Francis Joseph,
succeeded la obtuining bis pardon
and being reinstated into his ances
tral inheritance. Post haste he eped
back to his family, and under bis ieal
name he was again married in this
city to his faithful wife. The steam
er Idaho* which left here December
20, took the happy couple and their
young son back to the castles of the
Prince in tho beautiful mountain re
gions of Austin.?Oregon Zietting.
Queer Name tor a Newspaper.
Considerable curiosity having been
manifested by our friends in regard
to the significance of the name of this
paper, we will inform them that
Dona Ana County having heretofore
been Republican by majorities rang
ing from three to five hundred, and
the Democratic party having in tho
recent election carried it by a majori
ty of thirty-four, a revolution which
one of the editors of this paper con
tributed towards b inging about, it
was considered appropriate to adopt
that majority for a name. Heralds,
Democrats, Republicans. Suns, Stars,
Gazettes, &c., these arc without
number, and not one of them posses
ses such an individuality as to bo in
telligibly referred to by its simpie
name without mentioning its locality.
There ts but ono Thirty-Four* and
whenever it shall bo mentioned there
will bo no doubt as to what particu
lar journal is alluded to. Tho name
is brief and unique, has a local and
historical significance and is just odd
enough to attract attention. These
arc considerations which aro loo of
ten ignored in a profession which
lives by advertising other people's
business but neglects to advertise its
own.?New Mexico Thirty Four.
A man in New Orleans was agree
ably surprised to find a plump turkey
served up for dinner and inquired of
tho servant how it was obtained.
"Why," replied Sambo, "dat turkey
has been roosting on our fence tree
nights. So dis morning I suizo him
for do rent of dc fence."
Who Will be Crowned In Heaven.
A five dollar note would be an ex
travagant price to pay for her estab
lishment and all it contains, but if
heroic womanhood ever found em
bodiment in human shape, it can be
seen nightly upon St. Charles street,
just below the Academy of Music. ,A
week a^o Grandma Wilson was in
Memphis, baftling pestilence by her
tireless vigilance. Hailed by a ter
ror-stricken community as their guar
dian angel, Elizabeth In the zenith of
her splendor could not have com
manded the adulation which spontan
eously went forth to that plain old
woman. For thirty-eight days and
bights during the frightful harvest of
death at Grenada those withered
hands were often the only oues to
soothe the burning brow or close dy
ing oyes. To her tender care were
committed their children by dying
parents. Appointed by the divine
mandates of gratitude universal exe
cutrix and administratrix, in that
season of deadly peril and death the
confidential friend of the higlieet, she
cow seilt? peanuts oh St. Charles
street. She did so before, and were
another epidemic to carry desolation
into a thousand homes, after'another
heroic battle with discs:-e, would do
so again ; but is Cincinnatus returned
to his plough much more heroic than
Mrs. Mary Ann Wilson returned
from the devastating of Grenada,
Grand Junction and Memphis to her
peanut-stand f Mrs. Wilson was a
faithful nurse here in 1887. During
the epidemic of 1885 she Vfras on
duty the entire summer. In 1855 she
devoted her time to the sufferers of
Norfolk. Another year oho visited
Savannah ; and, in short, for forty
one years this noble woman has flown
to the aid of the sick and suffering
the moment she heard of their needs.
There is a Beat for her among the
best of God's children.?New Orleans
v-'?-' 4 ?
?V? <>wfRoyalfrproporfng.-fF
j Nicholas, the Emperor of Russia,
won his bride in a singular way ; yet
it had'a spice of gallantry in it. Du
ring a visit to the King of Prussia,
one day, while at dinner, tho Empe
ror rolled up a ring in a piece of
bread, and handing it to the Princess
Royal, said to her in a subdued voice,
"If you will accept my hand, put this
ring on your finger." This is the im
perial way of 'popping the question.'
She took no time to deliberate, but
suffered her heart to speak, the truth
at once; and their happy nuptials
were soon consummated. The royal
way is illustratatcd by the instance of
Queen Victoria's proposal to the man
of her choice?and a right worthy
one it was?Prince Albert. The
prince had been out hunting early
with his brother that day, but return
ed at twelve, and half au hour after
ward he obeyed the Queen's summons
to her room, where he found her
alone. After a fow minutes conver
sation on other subjects, the Queen
told him why she had squt for him (
and we can well understand any little
hesitation and delicacy she may have
felt in doing so, for the Queeu's posi
tion, making it imperative that any
proposal of marriage came first from
her, must necessarily appear a pain
ful one to those who, deriving the
ideas on this subject from the prac
tice of private life, aro wont to look
upon it as tho privilege aqd happiness
of a woman to have her .hand sought
in marriage, instead of haying to offer
it herself.
They Knew He Meant It.
When a newly married widower
passed a crowd who were standing on
the corner last week one of the party
remarked i
"He waited a long time before he
hitched onto his second iwife, didn't
"How long ago did hia first wife
die?" queried a subdued looking
stranger, who was standing near.
Tiie party figured that it had been
about four jcars.
"Too soon, too sodn?M mused the
stranger, "if my wife tshoul dio I'd
never get married again."
The moisture that gathered in tho
stranger's oyo engulphcd tho crowd
in a sea of sympathy and when ho
bowed his head, and they saw the
marks of a rolling pin behind his
ear, and observed Hint several tufts i
ofhnirwas missing from his sculp,
they knew that ho meant what he
The Constitution of a recent date,
gives the sad and sickening detail?
of a cold-blooded murder, with the
causes which prompted the commis
sion of the terrible deed. Mr. Sara
Hill and Mr. John K. Simmons met
in the bar-room of the National Hotel,
and almost immediately after the
meeting, Mr. Hill shot Mr. Simmons,
inflicting a fatal wound in the head.
General rumor stated that Mr. Hill's
wife was cUmlectcd with tho affair,
and that some wrong to her was the
cause of his action in the premises.
Mr. Hill gave himself up to a police
man, was taken to the station house,
where be made a statement to a re
porter, corroborating the rumor.
Said be: "I have been wronged,
wronged deeper than I can tell you.
I have been off and on in Atlanta sev
eral years. I have few friends here
and many people are down on me. I
have been wronged. I married a girl
here?a noble woman. Everybody
who saw. her loved her. I know that
she loved me devotedly. Last fall
while I was away, I was wronged?
wronged deeper than if a man had
shot me, und left me to linger out my
life in pain. Men who have not
wives cannot tell how I was wronged,
but a man with a mother and a sister
ought to be able to appreciate it.
While I was gone a man went to my
wife and got into her confidence by
representing himself as my dear
friend. I came back to Atlanta and
sold pools on the city election. One
night just after this election I was up
town, when a friend came to me and
told me I had better go out home, us
some one had gone there and told my
wife that I was coming home to kill
her. I hastened out to my home at
260 cast Hunter street, and found on
the door a i.ote saying: 'My dear
husband, good-bye. I call yoa by
that name for the last time. I. am
it was signed by my- wife, and 1
believe that a man came in a carriage
and took her away.?'
The prisoner, was then asked if the
man he had shot was ? life man who
had wronged him, to which he re
plied :
"I never saw him before in my life,
but from the description I have heard,
I think it was the same man."
Mr. Simmons' friends give a ver*
sion of the ailair very materially dif
ferent. They say that after Simmons
was shot, and was lying on the floor
when he could hardly speak for blood
in his mou h, his brother, Mr. Mote
Simmons, of the firm of Simmons ?Sc
Hunt, came to him, the wounded man
said in gasps, "He shot me for noth
ing." It is also denied that Mr.
Simmons ever had anything to do
with the wife of Mr. Hill. Says tho
"The case is one of the most un
fortunate wo have ever chronicled.
Mr. Simmons is a young man who
has many warm friends here. He is
about twenty-two years old, and is a
member of the Atlanta Cadets. He
is the proprietor of a drug store on
Marietta street, neur the cotton fac
Hawk Eyetenls.
All the winter months have ca-*
tarrh in them. Same way with all
the spring and fall and summer
in or. the;.
Dr. Foote says t "Ice water is a
better drink for January than for Au*
gust." We know it is ever so muoh
cheaper. ,
"Every man is the architect of his
own fortune," and sometimes he does
not get aa much for the plans as he
had to pay for tho paper he draws
them on.
An exchange says: "Alcohol will
clean out the inside of an inkstand."
It will also clean out the inside of a
pocket book a little more thoroughly
and quickly than anything else on
Now that tho conntry has resumed
specie payments, who is going to pay
for our next suit of clothes. N? B.?
This is a question that interests the
stricken tailor a great deal more than
it does us*
I Tho microphone has recently been
so improved than you can tell what a
man thinks when you hand back his
bill and tell him to call again with it.
It is invariably, as reported by the
microphone, somethiug that hud bet
tet bo thought than said*
His Fraudulenoy.
The Springfirdd Republican rises
in the majesty of New England virtue
to retnaik that it is full time for the
bogus President to retire J. Madison
Wells into tho obscurity which he
merits; This, from a paper Which
j has been set down ?s friendly to Mr.
Hayes and his fraudulent admii.ds
11 ration, is most Unkind. The Repub
lican can certainly not be ignorant of
the fact that Wells is one of ltlhe
gang;" that Mr. Hayes can ho more
go back on him thun he can claim to
be an honest man after having pur
loined (as he has up to date) $95,826
of President Tilden. Wells was one
of the thieves who stole the Presi
dency, and like all the other thieves*
has been rewarded by the man v. ho
received, and is iib'w' enjoying, tho
stolen goods. Unless a Democratic
Congress concludes to relieve the
country of the disgrace by legislating
these scoundrels out of office or Im
peaching them, they will remain se
cure in their places until the close of
the fraudulent Presidential term.
Hayes would not for a moment dare to
dismiss any them. The honor said to
exist am?ng thieves must iu this in
stance be scrupulously observed.
Suggestions such as the Republican's
only tonds to embarrass Mr. Hayes*
an affiiction which, from one of his
reputed personal organs, he may rea
sonably claim to be exempt.? Wash
inaton Post.
Turn withersoever we will on the
proud face of creation, and we find
the landmarks of decay. A continu
ed autumn brings down the weak and
aged to death.
The strong oak that lifts its haughty
head on . yonder hill, defying the
hurricane, may have a tiny worm
gnawing at Its heart that will sooner
or later send its lifeless trunk to the
earth, a broken, mass of decaying
' The huge mountain, around*whose
lofty turrets the lightnings of a thou
sand agencies have played and flash
ed, and whose devoted sides have
breasted the storms of . snow aud
rain, alike impervious to each other,
may contain within its bosom a vol
cano that will, ono. day, rend it in
fragments, and level it . with the
plain. .
The haughty eagle that mounts the.
sky, aud dries his plumage in the
sunshine far ubve the clouds, has his
allotted 100 years to live?
Everywhere wo find indelibly static
ped the word "decay." The Butt, moon
and stars-?the earth) with the ashes
of her myriad dead?must one day
be rolled up as a scroll. The tooth
of time is contibally gnawing the
bones of departed millions. The si
lence of tho tomb gives back but a
single echo and that?decay.
What We aPe to Expect.
General Grant may be the next
President, and then the good old days
will come again?the good old days
of Credit Mobilier, Pomery, Patter
son) Colfax and Oakes Ames; the
flue old days of Bclknap, Orvil
Grant and Indian posts bought and
sohl; of whiskey rings and Joyce,
Avery, McKce and Babcock ; of Sen
eca sandstone quarries and San Do
mingo commissions; of disinterested
I presents, bull-pups, fast horses, Long
Brauch levees; of the1 gold room;
black Friday and Brotkcr-lh-laWCor-,
bin 5 of custom house enterprises and
Jay no, Lcet. and Stocking 1 .of Chand
ler, Datier, Orth and Logan \ of. re
construction, Ku-Kluxlsm and ' rn
army employed as special puliccmen'?
of KeHogg, W( ells, War moth, Pack
ard and Brother-in-law CaseyJ of
Steams, Rood, Liitleflold ami Simp
son ; of Moses, Patterson, Ktmptorii
Parker, Scott, and Chamberlain { of
Dick trusteed and Durell: of Sickles*
Steinberger, George Butler, Emma
Mine Schcnck and Parson Newman ;
of, Taft, .Akermnn, Robeson and Ban
ditti Sheridan: of the Freemen'*
Savings Bank and its honest trustees ;
of O. O. Howard, Boss Shepherd,
Harrington Fisher and District rings i
of Christian statesmen and golden
opportunities. Dost thou like the pic
ture ??Baltimore Gazette.
"What makes dogs mad?" asks an
exchange. Boys. It makes a dog mad
as a wet hen the minute he sees a boy
with a tin can in ono hand and a
j string in the other, looking for some
thing to tie them to.
Not long since the widow of a gen:
tlemdn who had recently died desired
the vault wherein the remains had
been temporarily pluiJed td be Watch
ed So that body BhatcherS could havd
nd opportunity to p"ly their nefarious*
calling. Thinking that the vaujt)
would bo wdtched better by the sex
ton than any one, fiir. Radbone was"
hired to keep a close lookout. At
dark ho took it ldli'tern and blanke?
and made a bed in front of the vaultj
so that any one approaching it would
have to step ovpr bi?.Hodj. But after1
lying there some time . it grew quits
cold, and.he thought he could watch
the corpse just as well if ho were,. in-,
side the vault out of the cold: So be
unlocked the vault ?nd went in, bat
found that he could not look the vault '
from the inside. This would never
do, and yet he wad determined noi>
?* . Hvn .1 v ? in.:. i thus y.
to stay outside, ? . ,
Finally he went back to the li?Usli
and aroused the hired man arid the
two went back to ike'vault. ' Mr. Hi
then took his lantern aiid blanket atfd
went inside, made a bed oh; jjjjk $ud_f;
and laid down1 for. the night, having
for companions to while away tW
tedious hours, six corpses.1 The-'-at1
lendant locked the door fr^.qi the*
outside and went ba?k to the kbqso
and his watm bed, leaving the" Sexton
alone In the vault with Iiis silent
companions. ' ( ^ ' *i.'/!;{!,;5
. There was nothing (to (listiir^;^'1
trauquiiity during liio er'i ly part of
tlid night.; i Everything was.quiot and I
still Until abdut due o'clock, and theri'
there was a gentle noise as though'
some one was' tampering w^ith'? UhT
vault lock. Mr. It. took up hin lau-,
Tern) and the noise slopped for a few
mo men ts - tinly * to j bfcgb? agitr?f When'
he laid down on his'blanket, ' thhV
time i,t appeared to]be ig ?n;opposite
corner . of, the yaiJ.it.v Uo could acdi
nothing and ? could only hehr??-tUat
steady 6crateh,?. which* bce.srae.'!ifiaA''
and mord disitnet eVery,'Instant.'Mn
II. js a brave manvbut , hp confesses
that when one is, locked.in-:a vault
with six-'dead 'men* with -no living
soul Within half !a mile, rind an un->
earthly hour to have such uriexplaiu
able noise as1that,'ft was more than
men with ordinary1 nerves c?ii stand?
At' tiny* rate" hiif iiair'b'egari" t? rise*
and just as he was thtn'Mliig of' thd
best wiry 'to ''defend Dimseii against
his spiritual foek',' a little chip-munk
dashed from a dark dorripr. rail1 past
him and dar led out between the bars
in thd vauit uoo'fi From that time
on nothing'occurred to mar his quiet
watch, but in tue morning he was
rather' glad to ' bV released' from his
dhll quarters.' : ? 1 u;'u '
-The Farmers.
1 Agriculture-commerce and ffl?n'd?
factures are the' thtfee' pursuits that
unite a country, but the most impor
tant is the firstj for without its pro
ducts the spindle Cannot turn' and
the ship will not sail. Agriculture
furnishes the Conservative element in
cneiety, and in the end is the guid
ing, restraining, controlling force in
governments. Against storms of pop
ular fury, against fren?ied madndss
that seeks collision with established
order, against the spirit of anarchy
I that would sweep away the landmarke
and safeguards of Christian society
and: ' Republican1 r- government* the
furmers of thol country uetaSaaV as 3 a
f&ield and bulwarks tlfeaistlves th?
willing.- subj<}et8,'aud t hefoforo' forq*
log aJl'olhersJtdiqulct submission*' n
, MarfteVrteWi^.u< ,? '
cd and WJieWj .Will, bo .a failure. .. '
(:.^to^qsj-y^-None in the market, and
wc arc.. cpmpelled to omit quotations'
to'1 Prudence?AlUn the hands of old
stockholders! and held close. . 3
. ModeatyvHStock badly managed j
nonp fpr salp to street speculators* 1
' Vice^Market overstocked, with an
activn demami And ?ood prices. ? :
Prlde^iarkel' glutted ? notw Ith->
stnndfdg'the hduvy demand.
l*o,itencs3?Cheap holders unatjte
to dispose of any at present ratea.
&pnriat^N6ne at wholesale, dcalb
in chiefly fty pcddlcra at retail.
, Loyq?None pffdrfld except for tjid
cash pr its equlval?nti
Iceboats are used on the Hudson
at Newburg to transport passengers'
across th? liver, and they scud along
at ihb rate of sixty miles an hour.

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