Newspaper Page Text
SHERIDAN & SIMS, Proprietors.
SCBSOKIPTiON. ' One Year...!.SI .50 Six Months..*...1.00 Ministers of the Gospel.1.00 Advertisements. First Instortlon.81-00 Each Subsequent Iusortion.....50 Liberal coutracts made for 11 month nndover. J033 OariniLCE . 19,'l'RErAnBD 1T0.'D0.-?VX KrjJOS OF Job IPi^rating NEMESIS. JI ":'!?,: *7~0?- ? "SCHOOL MARM" R E VIR ES TO THE ARTI OJ.K OF "JiSCUJLiAl'IUS." Editor Orangeburg Democrat : Newspaper controversies, in my Opinion, are never very amusing, in structive, or conducive to amicable relations between the contestants, be cause Uiey are usually 'led away by tbeir zeal into disagreeable personali ties wbJcb have no logical or inciden tal connection with the subject under discussiou. 'it is intensely repugnant to my feelings to enter the list, and were I jo consult my own wishes, all topics likely to engender dispute would bo waved; however, at the earnest request of several gentlemen, I have reluctantly consented to take up my pen in. defenco of the wrongs, not the rights, of my fellow-sufferers, who think "Esculapius" should en counter ah avenging Nemesis to arr rest liim in his dreaded course. But before stating the cause of grievance, I wish it distinctly understood that it is not myself who originated this movement, but the injured class who employ me as their instrument. I object seriously to be used as an instrument even in this cause, for, if a man is so forgetful of all he owes to woman us to attack her in the pur suit of the arduous labors thrust upon her by his deficiencies, and to at tempt a depreciation of the efforts eventually resulting in the highest good to him?why, I do not wish to know him, have nothing to say to him ; I do not desire to cross swords with him?give me a foeman worthy of my steel. Put as others think dif fcrently and are not willing to pass over the attack in silence, the pre sent disagrceblo necessity has been forced upon me. The sentiments to which exception has been taken, are found embodied in the remarks of Esculapius with re gard to the uicompeteucy of woman (o fill the position of an educator, lie 'says that a "first-class teacher in the true sense of the term" cannot be hired for thtTIow salaries ricjiiyed jn 'The public schools, and applies the old saying "poor pay, poor preach" t? this case. Evidently there can be no objection to' his doing so, as poor teaching ought to be rewarded in kind, did he apply the saying to the entire class, but 1 understand that he restricts it to "'school inarms' who may be hired for such salaries." He certainly makes a broad state ment, but he, I presume, is prepared to support it by endless arguments and numerous illustrations" coining under his own observation. I am not so fortunate as to know Mr. Es culapius, but doubtless he is a cos mopolitan wlio lias visited the vari ous institutions of different couutics, and is thoroughly competent to ren der a correct decision upon the sub ject as the result of long years of 8'tudy and investigation during which he compared the respective methods of instruction pursued. Arc "the school inarms compe tent," he asks. Subtle analogies sometimes exist between perplexing polemical questions and simple facts which very often escape the observa tion of the inquirer after their solu tion. Whenever there is a reasonable doubt upon any proposition presented to our minds, we have the privilege of acceptance or rejection respective ly as it accords with our conviction, or is antagonistic to the tenets previ ously imbibed. That there is a doubt upon the query propounded by Escu lapius, the very existence of the ques tion itself indisputably asserts. If the superiority of the mind of man, or rather, as more applicable here, if his possession of greater talent lor imparting to others the knowledge acquired, were an established fact, a fixed article of belief in the complex creed of the world, why disturb the decisions of 'past ages upon a topic already proved a truth to the satis faction of all interested, by renewing a useless discussron of stubborn reali ties? But since its positive estab lishment has been questioned, and wo are at liberty to bo biased on either side, I will simply assert that woman is as competent to teach as man with out offering facts as proofs at present because I wish furthor information from Escnlapius before going deeper into the subject. He says, moreover, "Docs not the very fact of a man's accepting such n salary argue that he is not fit for anything else, ami that he is trying to make a living at the public ex penso to the detriment of the children of a community?" And what may I ask, does the fact o,f woman's accept ing it argue? It argues that man is "a salary grabber." Having the pow er of seizing the best places for him self, ho hardly ever fails to do so, forcing the only alternative upon her ; so that from tho primordial" experi ment in Eden, man has enjoyed tho famo of tho world, woman the blame. I wonder what Eve thought of Adazn when he said, "She gave mo of the tree, and I did eat.'.' Probably she was struck only by the beauty of truthfulness. That fact may argue, but it docs not prove that the man who accepts is fit for nothing else, for unless his muscle is as deficient as Iiis brain, he can "make a living" in hundreds of ways closed to Ids more delicate com petitors in the school room. Others arc spoken of as being cm ployed because "somehow or other, they deserve the charity of tho com munity.'.' Disinterested, unsurpassed charity?that which rewards so richly the daily harrassing exertions of the average "school mann." A? noble j charity?charity in its highest, truest meaning?it would ho to give them the advantages of the "broader hori zons and higher opportunities" of which we have heard, but from which they aro excluded by the host of manly applicants. "Nor can a man who is really com tcnt to teach (and I never heard of a woman being guilty of such a thing) be employed for such a sum now." Here by-the construction, or arrange ment of his period, he leaves us in doubt whether she was never guilty of being competent, or never guilty of sacrificing her talent for tho paltry remuneration. In that spirit of charity which he admires as one of the brighest virtues, wo will hope that he meant the latter. If i he never heard of such a woman (supposing his parenthetical ex-state ment referred to the antecedent ex pression) lie must have heard of them, or elso inferences can be drawn as to the extent of the classical, his torical, and ijterary fields he has ex plored. Great and wise men, poets, philosophers, historians and divines, have furnished numerous testimonials in their lives and writings of woman's fitness to educate mind, heart and soul. We confess we stand in awe of the knowledge of a modern Eseu lapius which in its "perfectibility" can set at defiance the wisdom of those ancient sages and doctors of the portico, to say nothing of the charity by which woman is permitted to occupy her lofty position in the college, seminaries, and schools throughout this broad land ; the char ity which urges her to wield the lance of thought nnd sway the public through the medium of l ooks and periodicals ; the charily which leads her gently across the stormy waters to heathen lands and allows her to labor side by side with the noble men who are missionaries to those be nighted souls ; the charily which docs not exclude her from the sacred haunts of home, but allows her to enter even there and teach little chil dren their duty to themselves to oth ers and to God. Will Esculapius kindly furnish us with a list of the qualifications pre requisite in '.la first class teacher in the true sense of the term" before he (she being out of the question) can he considered competent to occupy tho position ? Wo would feel greatly indebted to him, and no doubt his suggestions would be very beneficial to "the third-grade teachers" who, perhaps, aspire to rise higher on the educational platform, who are con scious of their "glaring wants of qualification," but do not know what steps to take to prevent them from being a source of "detriment to the rising generation." And will he he so good as to tell us what salary we ought to demand, and how much he would ncccpt should he engage in the pursuit, if he is not employed al ready? Perhaps he is one of the professors we heard about who com mand three and four thousand dollars per annum of nine months. If I thought Ecculnpius was a member of the Teachers' Institute, or would join if the members petitioned him in a body, I would send in my application to tnc Secretary at once. I am sorry for his sake that the "school teacher who can't write down in Arabic notation one million, neith er can ho read it when written" could I not have been represented by tho i ? personal pronoun of thq nominative ease, third'person feininiuo instead of masculine. Mr. Editor, in tlie petition which came to PJO from the gentlemen mpn .tioued abovo to say a few words in behalf of my .class, was the expres sion, "We want you to tajio o|f the rough edge from him. You arc sharp enough.'' Ah, me I I am afraid the sharp edge of my blado .(if there is one l) will be forever blunted, dulled hopelessly. .Some edges are so rough that the instrument employed, though it might possibly take them c!f, is never lit for use afterwards?its own edge gets turned and sometimes great gaps appear especially if it should happen to strike iron or rock. School Ma km. A Strange Story. For some months past James Ash burn had been paying Iiis addresses to Miss Mary Holt, of Woodson County, Kansas. Mis. Holt, the mo ther of the young lad}', was opposed to the marriage, and objected to her daughter keeping company with James. Unfortunately for them both they were married, the young lady returning to her mother's home and remaining a few days, awaiting the time lixed for her departure from homo with her husband. A day or two after their marriage Ashburn re turned to sec her, requesting that she go \;ith iiim to a singing school in the neighborhood. She accepted the invitation. Later in the day he call ed again to accompany Iiis wife to the school house, and the old lady informed him that his wife was dead. He returned to his home, told his parents what had happened, and at once secured a pistol, intending to take his own life, lie discharged one or two shots at his head, taking ef fect, but not seriously. He is yet alive. The fnneral of Mrs. Ashburn took place the following day. The parents of young Ashburn attended, and when at the grave requested that the coflin bo opened. Mrs.. Holt re fused to let the corpse be seen. This caused suspicion to be aroused, and in a few hours after tfic remains had been buried parties went to the grave and dug the corpse and found that she had been murdered by some cruel person, her eyes being forced out of her head, and all indications [showed plainly that she came to her death by being beaten over the head and by choking. She was dressed in nothing but a common calico dress, the jewelry that she used to [wear daily having been stripped from her. Mrs. Holt was arrested on sus picion, waived examination, and was bound over, giving a bond of 85,000 for her appearance at the District Court. All the jewelry Mrs. Ash burn was in the habit of wearing was found in the old lady's possession. [Hales County Times. The Power of Woman. During the last two weeks a large number of pilgrims have arrived at Glcudnle, atnoDg whom arc a number of the gentler sex, and in consequence thereof no one can form an idea of the change that has already taken place. Old '49-ere that have lived in mountains for the last thirty years on bread and bacon and slept on the ground, and in all that time scarce ly laid eyes on a woman, can now be seen on the streets harnessed in store clothes, with biled shirts. There ain't a man in Glendalc over twenty years old. On Sunday evening we saw one of these would-be young bucks so much surprised by being asked how be came to leave Alder Gulch in '08 that he adjusted his wig, swallow ed half a set of fal6? teoth, and then swore that he was a school-boy in Missouri at that time.?Arizona Mi ner. The Power of Little Things. All the great things of life and eternity are made up of trifles. Kisses and kind words may seem small, but they are the corner stones of a true home. Did you ever chase across word all day? What havoc it makes ! Causing a smoking stove 'in the morning; weak coifce; over done beefsteak and sour buckwheat cakes for breakfast; spoils the din ner, gets into the sewing machine and does not always end with burnt toast for tea ? Did you eycr chaso a kind word, a morning kiss, and have its influence slug in your heart'nil day?sing in your teakcltlo and echo from cellar to garret in all the wheels and whirr of housekeeping? I need not speak of tho power of these two littles. FAITHLESS MAN. -o-' i ROMANCE OF A GIFTED FAMILY?THE' STOltY OF UNA.. In his youth, Nathaniel Hawthorne was engaged to Mias Sophia Poabody, but upon seeing much of her sister, concluded he liked her best, and mar ried her, leaving his former fiancee to I mourn the inconstancy of man. ?y this union Hawthorne had three liv ing children, Julian, .Una and Boso, and say what you w.ill qf the misan thrope, the cynicism of this gifted man, ho was gentle and devoted and affectionate to ins faD$j\ While Nathaniel Hattlhorno was consul at Liverpool there came to his house as a frequent visitor n young American, Lathrop by name. It was soon plain to all lookers on that the. subject of these visits was Haw thorne's eldest daughter, Miss Una, a highly accomplished girl, spirituelle in appearance and intellectual in na ture. An engagement was the result of the frequent intercourse, and young Lathrop returned to America with a promise of marriage among the happy years to come. After some lapse of time the lover again nook a ship across the 03can to meet his lady love. In the meantime Pose had grown to womanhood as fair as her name, and while boupd to Una he married Rose. Una's awakening was something teriible. Tip shock was I iiO great that she lay "for days at I death's door, and for awhile reason was deemed lost. The poor girl was placed in an asylum temporarily, but issued thence so wan, so shadowy, so unlike the happy, dimpled girl that entered, that her friends thought hope, health and happiness had for ever tied her path. Una had display ed marked literary ability before this sorrow came upon her, having con tributed to some of the English peri odicals very acccptablef articles, but she felt no inclination f$r mental ex ertion now. Still she had to do some thfng, and she founded na orphanage in the heart of London^ She began -with two little pnos,? imA thctnumber quickly increased to thirty-eight, but lier friends soon became interested and helped her good work along. Her incfune being but $1,003 per an num, she could not do very much her self, but she wrote a most exquisite ly touching appeal for aid to Qnc qf the London dailies, and the charita ble English heart responded in dona tions of solid pounds ! Una was connected, wilh this insti tution for years, until her health, would no longer permit her personal ly to superintend it. Later on, her love for writing camp upon her, and she wrote a charming story just be fore her death, two years ago. The manuscript is in the hands of her brother Julian, who eventually in tends giving it to the public. Those who have read tiie manuscript declare it superior to anything which Julian lias yet written. Just a year before her death, Una wan engaged to a Mr. Webster, a New York journalist of brilliant promise. He had loved her for years, knew all about her early unhappincss, but finally won her con | sent to become his wife. The last year of her life was a happy pue, as her lover was in every way deserving, and strove \o crane all the clouds from her past by the sunshine of the present. Why the angels of heaven went envying those two loving moi tals I know not, but Mr. Webster never returned from a sea voyage ; the ship went down with all on board, and Una died shortly afterwntd, and lies buried in an English graveyard ! The Difference. Did you ever notice the broad, com fortable, shady-looking Leghorn hats in the milliner's window? Just buy your wife one, and the first thing she will do with it will be to double up her dainty fist and punch a three-cor nered dent on the right side ; then she will pinch the front rim down and the back rim up, and then stave in three or four more big dents at odd corners, and when it rcsombles in shape ah old tin pan that has been a target for a stone-throwing match, she will remark upon tho 'elegance and uraco' of the affair. But let Johnnie servo his new straw hat in the same way, and ho will be stood up in a dark closet and forced to go without Strawberry shortcake for supper. Ohio is called tho pivotal State be cause, under the present administra tion, it is impossible to turn round in Washington without running against a worthy citizen and olllce-holder from the State .1 ho Fallacy of the Supposed Influence of the Moon upon Weather. I'l cm !hu Homo ami Kann. It is astonishing to what un extent a iinnly fixed belief .prevails that the changes of the weather are tho result, or are due to the changes of tho moon. Why peoplo'will cling to ex ploded popular superstitions is sur prising. Tlie general answer is, that it is reasonable, or it was the belief of our (forefathers. Now the cariy ing tho puu\pkhi in one end of the bag and the jocks i.u tho othor, how ever, it may have ser,v.qd foruier gen erations, is not expedient hi .this ngc of progress. And it is easy .to dem onstrate that what is only reasonable is false. Reason must combine with truth to establish correct practical conclusions. Tbat the moon acts .upon Ujc earth's surface by attraction is not dis* puled ; this is manifest in the period ical movements of the tjdes,, and that in intensity or quantity the tides are highest at the time of the new and full moon, and lowest at the first and third quarters, ami the comparative immense extent of the Ocean waters rendering them more succoptivc to a moving cause. IJut because the move ments of the tides arc the diiect ac tion of the phases of the moon, it can scarcely be pretended that weather is affected similarly, simply from the fnct that the specific gravity of the atmosphere is so exceedingly small tbat there is really nothing for attrac tion to not upon, liy calculation La place proved that the joint attraction of the sun am) moon could not move the earth at a greater speed than live mjles a day. Then as the moon can no!, act by attraction upon the air, there is pnjy two other ways in which it could popsihly excite an influence upon the atmospheric conditions: by reflection of the rays of the sun, or by emanation. Meterological jpycolignlions have proven that therq is pq heat in the light of the moon ; that this fact is within tho^ experience p.f pveryqne. The moon's light is but the ^borrow ed" light of the sun. Undoubtedly the rays of the sun, impinging PPP" the surface of the moon, carry with them tho heat of that luminary, but it is exceedingly improbable to sup pose tbat this heat radiates to any distance fiom the surface of the rapon. We have felt the heat rcllect ed from a pond of water when walk ing near it, but this beat becomes more and more insensible ns we leave the pond and finally ceases altogether. So it is in the case of the moon. Then as the light of tho moon is sim ply a borrowed or reflected iight with out heat, it is impossible to conceive of an}' appreciable action that these bor lowed or reflected rays of light could excite upon tho circumnuibipnt air of the earth. Now who has ever discovered any lunar emanation? Not a suspicion exists that anything issues or Hows from the moon as a source or origin. Then the influence which the moon is popularly supposed to excite upon tho conditions of the weather is a i\c lusion. And it is equally as idle to hunt up an almanac to learu when it is going to rain as wero the proceed ings of the old Roman A ugurs in in-: vestigating the entrails of animal* to foretell the issues of future events. D. R. Jamison. St. Matthews, S. C, Feb. t\ 1879. A Democratic Discovery. The five States of Maryland, West yirginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Missouri, that are universally thrown into the ho'.ch-potcb. as part and par cel of tho "solid South," and as thor oughly "rebel," actually supplied the national government with a larger number of solders to fight for the Un ion and to suppress the rebellion than live New England States. Hero nre the official figures of the War Depart ment : Maine.72,114 Connecticut.57,359 New Hampshire.00,029 Vermont.35.202 Rhode Island.23,099 Total.225,003 West Virginia.32,003 Alary land.50,810 Kentucky.79,025 Te n n esseo.;.31,092 Missouri I.109,114 Total.301,010 So it appears that fivo "rebel" States actually sent 301,010 soldiers into tho Union army to suppress llt'2 rebellion,' or 7^5.17 more than five New England StalcK'?St. Louis Posl Dispcitch. Faithful. to an AOSEtrr FiiiKNu: "l-," of c Her presence cheered hi>n hi his dying hpiir.;' Shu caught the inline ol his latest breath; Pale Angel-wufchcr, like a drooping flower, Hut constant still and faithful unto .death! True ,uiito him -to whom her heart wus given,? On whom shejlavlshod .4x.ll its wealth of love; She came even like a starry hope .from heaven, To guide his spirit to the realms above. And when at last the silver chord was broken And he lay silent in the arms of rest. She kissed his cold, dead lips?love's lat est token? And twined a wreath of roses for his breast. >'et cru they withered ho was sweetly sleeping Where waved i!;s wl'jo.ws ?b*!1 the si lent sod, Where she, her sad und lonely vigils keening. Lifted lie'Sr pale and pleading face to (Jod ! Ah! Is it strange that she should often wander To tho still spot where her lo&t idol Ues, .Or look with anxious yearnings over yonder With wistful love and longing in her eyes? Aud is it Grunge that she should pause ' to listen ' To the low-murmuring willows ua they wave, Or that her eyes with silver tears should glisten When they arc resting on her lover's grave! O, faithful one! Oh, soul with anguish laden ! I Lite yet for thee is beautiful and bright; May angels cliecj; 'the lonely-hearted niahjiitit. And .shadow her with drooping wings ! Of light! I For thee my heart heats warmly as a brother, As though thy grief and sorrow were my own; |Cod knows that we should all love one another, . It \h so'hard to bear the cross alone! It Is so hard to feel forlorn, forsaken; To live and kiiow vi\vc'ro better far fo die! . For what is fife when cruel death has taken ' The little light that silvered oe'r its ' sky? Hut though the skies be very dark above us; ? Though earthly sorrows weigh our spirits down, " ? /"TT Let us thank God that there is One will lovc-us? v The Cross at best 1a nothing .to the Crown! OnANGEiiuno, July 13. PJL. S. A Word to the Boys. In the course of time boys make men, hence a word with them, now and then throng!} the press, mayiiavc a sohitavy effect. Orangoburg can boast of some very good-looking well behaved boys, while at the same time she has her share of rude bad fellows. There are p'aces of resort in our vil lage that a good hoy will ^iot fre quent, so soon as he does he loses his standing and sacrifices his self-res pect. What a boy should bp is con tained * in a little sentence pf four words : "Be true, be pure." No ed ucation is worth anything that does: [not include this. A man had better not know how to road, he had better never learn a letter in the alphabet, and be true and genuine in intention qnd action, rather than being learned I in all languages, to be at the same I time false in heart and counterfeit in life, lie pure in thought and lan guage, pure in mind and body. An impure man, young pr pld, poisoning the society where he moves with smutty qtories and impure examples, is a moral ulcer, a plague spot, q leper who ought to be treated, as werp tho lepers of old. He ju.-;t, in, all our dealings with others. Be generous, noble and manly. Be self-reliant and self-helpful even from early childhood. Be industrious always, and self-sup porting at the earliest proper age. Teach them that all honest work is honorable, and that an idle, useless life of dependence on others is dis graceful. When a boy has learned these things, when he has made these j ideau a part of his being, howover ? young he may be, however poor, or however rich, he has learned some of the most important things he ought to know when he becomes a man. Douglas Jerrold v/as not only wit ty but exceedingly impertinent. He hated that overwhelming conceit which prompt? a man to walk the street with the air of pne who has j just foreclosed a heavy mortgage on the universe and bought the property in at auction. When ho happened across such a one he actually did what wo would all like to do if we dared, t. he went up to him, took his hat off respectfully, and asked, "Pray, sir, aro you anybody in par ticular 1"