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"Vol. I. ORANGEBTJKG, S. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1879. 2STo. 41. SHERIDAN & SIMS, Proprietors. SUnSCHll'TION. Ono Year.81.60 Six Months.1.00 Ministers of tho Gospel.1.00 ADVERTISEMENTS; First Instertion.SI .00 Euch Subsequent Insertion.50 Liberal contracts made for 3 month and over. JOI3 pFFIOE 18 PREPARED TO DO ALL KINDS OF Alere Flammam. Editor Orangeburg Democrat: All sensible people (yourself ex cepted because those who occupy your position must necessarily under go various impositions) will be ex pected to skip this article as they have been informed that this sort of "quibble" will not do for them. As "quibble" has been applied to a pre vious production of my pen, I warn them in time that they will irretrieva bly commit themselves to folly in the judgment of one whose opinion is evi dently of no little importance, if they read my communication. "Trustee" and a few of kindred spirit, will prob ably lend an ear; of course I am not so presumptious as to suppose the originator of the opinion will honor it with a perusal. "School Mann's" salary not being sufficient to afford Webster's Una bridged, she consulted bis Primary and found quibble defined us an "evasion of truth ; a cavil." Which did "Esculapius" mean, 1 wonder, on evasion, or a captious objection. lie spoke of both in the same paragraph. I know of no truth evaded, be estab lished none that was accepted as a truth : as regards the objection, be is willingof course, to allow others the same liberty he enjoys--that of ex pressing an opinion. He "relegated" for my "delecta tion" several expressions in my re ply to his article in which ho says 1 attempted "to divert attention from the main issue." His interpretation ol "the main issue" was not correct: my intention was to ridicule, not the author, but the sentiment. 1 intro duced myself as a tyro in the lick! of controversy, nud did not claim ex emption from the faults common to beginners. I was aware of the ave nue left open for him to ontcr upon, and only regret he did noi. enter the others I left ungarded, and pursue the ideas therein as assiduously. In compliance with my request, he furuished ? "the four elements essen tial in the make up of a good teach er." Intellectual capacity, and moral character and influence, he does noi restrict to man, but asserts woman'?, incompetency to arise from incapa bility of imparting information, and deficiency of executive talent. I fully agree with "Esculapius" that "the faculty of imparting information is a rare gift and not an acquired talent." if acquirement were substituted lor the last two words. 11 Man is tic teacher" if he docs not possess thi.s gift. If this were put to the lest, many colleges and universities would lose their "lirst-class teachers, their shinning lights ; the practical impossi bility of such a slate of ntrairs prov ing that a second Utopia exists in hi brain." He contradicts himself when he says that woman is intellectually ca pable anil then asserts her inability to impart information. The powers of the mind are divided by philoso phers into three classes: Intellect,! sensibilities and will. Pure reason occupies the highest position among the cognitive faculties; "the ideas derived from it arc intuitive, and not acquired by a slow process of reason ing." Distinct from it is comparison, or the reasoning faculty. The ideas derived from the former are "ideas of reality; therefore, arc universal and necessary, and are found in minds L uncultured as well as in the most pol ? ished." The functions of comparison T are to perceive relations, and, from the knowledge thus obtained, to per form the work of abstraction. Perception thus playing such an important part in the act of reason ing, is equally as necessary as the second function em ployed, und as "woman arrives at conclusions more by perception than by reflection," (so "Esculapius" nllirms), her method is the same in its results, and has the advantage of being more expeditious -.?man receives the facts ut second hand. Her superior accpiircments by perception will thus bo seen to bal ance his superior attainments in rea soning. "Let it be kept in view," says an eminent author ol Illental Philosopy, "that without this power to perceive relations the reasoning process would be impossibl ." Loth these faculties being essential in the make up of a teacher competent to impart "wisdom and knowledge," --both being intellectual facutics, wo man being intellectually capable? therefore, phc does not lack the power of imparting information. Not every time does the profound and philosophic Ihinkcr make the closest demonstrations of any prob lem. I have seen them so profound j that nothing ever came to the sur face in the lecture room ; their knowl edge was too deep for utterance. Furnish the profound thinker with pen and paper", and he can write, but in the school room proves a failure as often as pedagogues of less profundi ty. I, also, have in mind two in-" stances, one, an eminent professor who explains a thing so clearly thai wo can almost, nearly, understand him fully ; the other, a dissolution of partnership between the principals of a large and nourishing school, be cause the want of tact in imparting information in the one, retarded the progress made by the other. As "Kseulapius" evidenced n pref erence for illustration to enforce his statements, 1 will follow his example. Of twelve teachers whose discipline I noted personally, half were ladies, I and with a single exception their gov ernment was more strict and orderly. "Man was ordained the head of the woman and the family?the author and administrator." l>o that as iL may, during the early period of exis tence when the tnosl lasting impres sions are made, the character, the education of mind, heart and soul is under the supervision of woman, and she would not have been placed blindly in such an important position, but has asserted her ability "to man age," not in isolated instances, but at nil ages, and in all portions of the enlightened world. Aller all, Mr. Editor, it would seem that "E jculapius" has reduced the matter to a mere di?ercnco of opinion and of experience, and as so many wiser heads are at work to re fute his doctrine, hereafter, I will be content to watch the conflict from afar, consoling the class I represent with the assertion of an old gentle man that woman's responsibility is a noncnity, for when man, the head, is made perfect by the restoration of his extracted rib, her existence is null and void, consequently? as ad tnihis'lrator, upon his head be all her shortcomings and incfllcicuc.es. i I would have replied sooner, but :was waiting "to interview" Messrs. (Connor, Mellichamp, and Ilolloway, with regard to their opinion and have ijt. from i heir own lips if they consider o'\l "scliool-marms" such impediments loVthc cause of education. If so wc will all resign and look up a mission in P|ie Sand?vlch Isles. If our worthy andi esteemed School Commissioner thinks so, he should not attach his signature to any moie of our certifi cate^; but then, I have learned from a rcljiablc source that at the examina tion >f the large number of teachers by .our excellent und impartial board, that <jf l lie ladies compared quite fa vorably with the gentlemen ; that though they could not calculate so well, [perhaps, they were more proli cicntrtu the other branches. School Marm. What an Old Man Has Noticed. I have noticed that all men are honest when well watched. . I have noticed that purses will j hold pennies as well as pounds. \ 1 have noticed that in order to be a reasonable creature, iL is necessary at times to be downright mad. I have noLiced when the purse is empty and the kitchen cold, then is the voice of flattery no longer heard. I have noticed that silks, broad cloths and jewels, are often bought with other people's mono)'. 1 have noticed that the prayer of' the .sei 1 i:-Ii man is, 'Forgive us our debts,' while he makes everybody that owes him pay to the utmost,far thing. 1 have noticed that he who thinks every man a rogue, is certain Lo see one when be shaves himself, and he ought, in mercy lo his neighbors, to surrender the rascal to justice. 1 have noticed that money is the fool's wisdom, the knave's reputation, the poor man's desire, Iho covetous man's ambition, and the idol of them all. Ja mks O'Sui.i.iVAN, a retired mer chant and man of means, with his home in 2\'ew York, is what may be called a specialist in charity. He linds iL a labor of love lo take, orphan children from Iho asylums i'.i Lhe me tropolis, and procure for them good homes in the country. Under his management, moro than six hundred orphans have been provided with comfortable homes. How to Select a Husband. It has boon profoundly remarked, that the true way of telling a toad stool from a mushroom is to eat it. If you die it was a toadstool; if you live it was a mushroom. A similar method is employed in the selection of husbands; marry him, if he ill trcais you he is a bad husband : if he makes you happy ho is a good one. There is really no other criterion. As Dr. Samuel Johnson remarked, the proof of the pudding is in the eating thereof. Some young men that seem unexceptional, indeed very de sirable, when they are single, are perfectly horrid as soon as they get married. All the latent brute there is in the heart comes out as soon as a sensitive und delicate being seeks her happiness in his companionship. The honeymoon last a very short time, the rccptions and the round of parties arc soo n over, and then the two sit down to make home happy. If she has married a society man, he will soon begin to get bored; he will yawn and go to sleep on the sofa Then he will take his hat and go down to the club and see the boys, and per haps not come home till morning. If she has married a man engrossed in business, he will bo fagged out when he comes home. Lie may be a sickly man that she must nurse, and a morose man that she must seek to cheer, a drunken man that she must sit, up for, a violent man that she fears, a fool whom she soon learns to despise, a vulgar man for whom she must apologize?in short, there arc thousands of ways of being bad hus bands, and very few ways of being good ones. And the worst of it is, the ladies are apt to admire in single men the very trails that make bad husbands, and look with contempt or ridicule upon those quiet virtues which make home happy. Men with very little personal beauty or style, often make the wife happy?and sometimes quite the reverse. The number of ways of being a bad hus band is almost as great as the num ber of ways of being ugly. . No one can tell from the demeanor of a sin gle man what sort of a husband he will bo. Meantime she must many somebody. Eat it; if you die it was a soil of toadstool, if you live it was a sort of mushroom. A Terrible Voyage. It was announced recently that the ship Templar had arrived in San Francisco with the yellow fever on board. The details of the Templar's voyage make up one of the most won derful .stories of suffering sit sea ever related. She left New York in Sep tember, 1S78, and was three hundred and twenty days in reaching San Francisco. Eight days out from New York the ship encountered a two days' gale and was seriously damag ed. On October 14 she was struck by a hurricane, lost her rudder head and was set to leaking badly. At Uio the Templar was repaired. Yel low fever carried otf nine of the crew. Sailing from Eio, she had been on her voyage but two days when the captain's wife and a seaman died of the fever. In latitude I)fly degrees I south sixty-four degrees west the voyagers came upon heavy weather, and during the gale lost the iron tank containing every drop of fresh water on board. The crew nearly perished from thirst, but a supply of water ob tained, the ship sailed without impor tant mishap until the 24th of l ist j June, when the first mate f<d 1 over board and was drowned. Having re covered from two severe attacks of ! the yellow fever, Captain Anderson again fell ill with the disease just be fore the Templar ended her year's I stiuggle with death and disaster in every form hut one?that of lire. I Dr. Sulor and Dr. Stout were ri I vals in the practice ol medicine at Zancsville, Ohio, and rivals in anoth er respect, too, for both loved Sutor's wife. Stout won in the latter con test, and the woman deserted her hus band to live with him. Sulor told his troubles to '.he editor of the Zancs ville Times, and requested its publication, but the editor said he 'would not publish it until .something happened to make it properly a pub lic subject. **Very well," Sulor re plied, "there comes my wife up the street, and probably?yes, there's Dr. Stout with bor," and ho ran out, knocked Stout down with his cane, and got a bullet in Iiis hand. There was no lopger a doubt as to the ques tion of publishing the facts. Orancjoburg Then and Now. AKTICLIS NO. Ill Religion is pretty fair in this coun ty. There arc a good tunny "meet ing houses/' as Dr. Ramsay irrever ently calls the places of worship. Many more than wore in the days of the good old pastor, the Rev. J. G. The Methodists appear to bo the thickest. There is, however, a con siderable sprinkling of Presbyterians, Baptists and Lutherans, with a drop or so of Episcopalians. The last don't appear to flourish here now, and arc somewhat discouraged, but the prospects are brightening for the "Church," and 'tis believed in a few years it will absorb the "meeting houses" entirely. The Presbyterians got an early start. Ramsay says: "There was a Presbyterian 'meeting house' erected on Cattle Creek in 177S, and called the*'Fredriciau Church,' after Andrew Frederick, the founder." (Ratn. His. So. Ca., page 901.) Andrew Frederick is still alive, and is an influential, popular and highly esteemed citizen and gentle man. Orangcbnrg County was much dis tinguished for its patriotism and bra very of its people during the revolu tion of 17TG. The heroic and self sacrificing conduct of Mrs. Rebecca Motte, (who regarding the British as no better than coons in a hollow tree or rats in an old barn, su.okcd them out of her house) is well known' as recorded history. Tue ground on! which that house stood is still in exist ence, Iho' so many years have passed, it is now the city which i? called Fort Jlotle in honor of Mr-?. Rebecca. That city is under, or was under, the able administration of one Max Wag oner, the Intendant. Under his reign the city gicw vastly in prosperity and wealth and became an emporium for the cotton trade. In 1781 Gen. Greene got Lord Ruwdon in a tight I place, with the Edisto River on one side and foflificaUons on the other. Greene had no pontoons, and, owing to the fall in the river,^hL; gunboats could not get up, so he couldn't come at Rawdon, but he begged and pray ed Rawdon with tears in his eyes lo come out and light?just to give him one pass at him. But Rawdon only smiled calmly and scut his herald to Greene to say "not much general, if I know, myself." So Greene had to dodge around and look sharp, anil on the 2d of .July Captain Fggleslon, of his command, fell in with forty-nine British horse, and captured forty eight, the forty ninth escaped, and led a miserably lonely and unhappy life, until very recently when he was taken up ns an estray and sold. Be ing in bad condition he was purchased for a mere song, llo is uow in the dray profession in this place. The town of Drangeburg was burn ed by Sherman in 18G?. Sherman afterwards wrote a book in which he tries to put the blame on Zekc, (sec Sherman's memoirs,) but /eke, being j a (piiet citizen, proved lie was up in a friend's chimney at the time, and j only came down when the tire got looi hot, and so nailed this and clinched! it us one of Sherman's first-class lies. In this conflagration Iho courthouse with all the public records was des troyed. This would appear at first glance to have been a great calamity, and so it was to many, but it is about equally balanced by the good for tune it brought to others w ho under the act of the Legislature of this State, "lo establish and perpetuate I last records," were enabled to manu facture and set up a good many pio |litablo deeds, wills, rccripls, &c. Some one else burned the town in 1875. 11 has been rebuilt of brick, and ia further embellished and stren gthened by a bake shop, hotel, three j fountains and several alarm clocks at DcChovcttC8,the watch maker. So thai the danger from lire has been much lessened of lale years, and insurance reduced greatly. There used to be very frequent Arcs since 187? and be fore in town. The penitentiary proves a very capital remedy for that sort of inn, besides that, however, there arc three well organized fire companies with three good engines. Thesu are quite cflloicnt in case of lire, provided they can get any water. Without water you will understand an engine is good for nothing, except as an ornamental appendage lo a fire man's parade. Now lids town is sup plied by three public; wells on the main street, but sometimes a fire will take it into its head to break out on some other street, and it is found to bo almost impracticable to move the wells to the lires. So tlie llrcs gene rally have the l est of it while the en gines can only look on sadly. Jf some ordinance could he passed re straining liros to (ho main street and within reach of the wells, the engines would play a noble part, no doubt, but private wells arc too deep and the Ed is to River too far off. The Kdislo River meanders within a quarter of a mile of the town of Or angeburg. It is the highway for much lumber carried to market. It started to run a number of years since somewhere this side of the Allcgab ny mountains and has been running ever since. It lakes in Caw Caw Creek, and after (lowing easterly for a considerable space of time empties somewhere and into something. 1 have no time to find out that. This river is noted for its line lish?perch, bream, lock, cat, frogs, &C. Joe 11 alley catches more fish than anybo dy else, and Jake Covan sells for him at distressingly low prices, and Jake has never been known to fall in his prices once. This river is still Ini tiier eminently distinguished by its naine. The name was given to the river in its infancy when it first com menced to run by the Edisto Hilles, who used to drill at the head waters. The derivation of the name has not been hitherto generally known. The captain of the gallant Edisto Hilles is still alive, and bears his age with the same calm serenity as does the river. This is another instance of the won derful salubrity and health of the cli mate. It is told of the original sot tlcrs, that, being of an enterprising turn, they projected vast improve ments in the navigation of the Edis to, and to thai end they organized a joint stock company, and determined first going oil" lo build a steamboat , j The contract for this was given out to one Mcrvin who was a briekmaker and poet. They gave him a share in the concern so as to interest him in his work and stimulate him to exer tions. In the innocent Integrity of his heart Mcrvin built the boat of brick. The waters of the Edisto are unreliable when you come to brick steamboats. I don't know what ever became of that boat. Somehow the company became discourged and Mcrvin, after writing his obituary in rhyme, died. Why We Arc Hopeful. In one word : We no longer doubt the succcs of the Democratic ticket. The only doubt is about Mr. Robin son ; and, if he is defeated at all, it will be by a minority vote only and the fact of another Democratic draw ing off a large disaffected Democrat ic vote. Rut that would certainly show that the Democrats united can carry New York next year. There never was a party that had so man}' sure voles without a contest as the Democrats have. The Southern 1?8 votes are as good as cast. The 21 voles ol New Jersey and Indiana arc almost equally sure. This make.-, 101 voles out of the 185 votes already sure, not counting either Ne?v York, Ohio, California or Oregon, who have all Democratic Governors to-day. Hut New York alone, of course, is more than enough. Horatio Ssy moui' carried it in 1S?8. Tilden car ried iL in lbTO. The Democrats car ried the Slate on every important oc casion for the last twelve years, ex cept in '72 when the Greeley fiasco shipwrecked everything. The}' will carry iL this year, in spile of their divisions, and, reunited, be still more certain of doing so in 1S.S0.? Post. According to tho Code It is reported that two negro men living below Camdcn got into a quar rel recently, and nothing would satis fy them but to settle it "accordin* to de code, like dc white folks do when they fa.ll out." They went out into tho big road and took their positions with backs to each other nt proper distances. When the word was given, they wheeled. Roth were wounded, but not soiiously?only slight flesh wounds. They then expressed them selves as perfectly satisfied, and made up immediately as friends.? Camden Journal. _! "Aim: you engaged?" said a gentle man to a young lady at a ball one evening. "1 was, but if that Pete Johnson thinks I'm going to sit here and see him squeeze that freckled I faced Wilkins girl's hand all the eve ' hing, he'll be mistaken, solitaire, or no solitaire." The gentleman explain ! cd, and went out to get air. im? iMm min n?M??aa?Q?BW?M?? The Way to Expostulate. Kindness is a fine tiling, but It can be misplaced. There ate situations in this life where politeness and suav ity are not so useful and effective us a good club. The New Yoik papers are busily discussing what is the proper thing to do when a burglar enters a house in the still watches of the night. It must be admitted that a vast majority are in favor of getting under the bed or behind the door. There is also an immense pre ponderance of public sentiment in fa vor of lying and pretending that a profound sleep makes us oblivious to burglars or other doings. It is al most unanimously agreed by the New York press that the line, "deal gent ly with the erring," docs not apply to tho case of the burglar. 11 does not do lo accost the burglar o" if he had entered tho wrong house. Mr. Bryant, of Hnrletn, did that the other night and received n blow over the head for his pains. Mrs. Hull, ex postulated with the burglar who had entered her room and lost her life in consequence. The general verdict is, that as soon as a burglar eulcrs the house he should be first riddled with bullets and expostulated with afterward. A burglar is always* more amenable to reason when lie has from two to live ounces of lead in him. lie then begins to sec the error of his ways, and any remarks that the householder may see lit to bestow upon him will make a greater impression than at any other time. II any one attempts to burglarize your house, shoot him on the spot. The Old Maid of the Period. She don't shuffle around in"skimpt" raiment and, awkward shoos and cot ton gloves, nor has she hollow cheeks. The modern old ni-id is round and jolly, two dimples in her cheeks, and has a laugh as musical as a bobo link's song. She wears nice-fitting dresses, and cunning little ornaments about her plump throat, and becom ing little knots and bows ; she goes to concerts and panics, and suppers and lectures, and matinees, and she don't go alone. She carries a dainty parasol and wears killing bonnets, and has live poets and philosophers in her train. In fact, the modern old ' maid is as good as the modern young maid?sho has sense and con versation as well as dimples and I curves, and has a bank book and div | idends. Tin: Asheville Journal reports the j following : 4*\Vell," said Gen. Cling Iman, "it happened in this way: When I was in Congress, years ago, II used to have a sweetheart in Wash ington. One night, while there, 1 thought I would go around, and see he:*, tell her bow much 1 liked her, and ask her to be my wife. I did so? ! that is, went around, saw her, and I was on the point of popping the ques | Lion, when I was interrupted by a colleague, who had come around to ask me about a Dialler relative loa j bill to be passed in Congress the fol lowing day. I got up, and became I so interested in what he had to tell I mo that I forgot all about the young I lady and what 1 had come Lo see her about; and," concluded Llie General, ! laughing, "I never had the courage to renew my overtures." A Mississippi planter who employs i about 150 negroes and w ho has been a j sugar and co'ton raiser for foity i years said to tec: "The negroes have been battered about so much that they don't know what they want and will jump at anything. Do yon know that I believe,' ho went on with more vigor than elegance, "that if all the ; DOgroes south of Mason and Dixon's j line should be seated quietly in heaven I and a steamboat labelled 'For Hell' I should come along with a brass band every one of them would jump aboard !" Very few men acquire wealth in such a manner as to receive substan j tial pleasure from it. Just as long ! us there is the enthusiasm of the ; chase, they enjoy it; but when they I begin to look around and think of set I ting down, they find that that part by '?? which joy enters is dead within them, That duel between two women at Union Tetm., was a sad affair. Both fired together, and one hit a boy on the fence and the other killed a cow in the field. Then they pulled hair and jawed each other until one fainted away. The State Fair. For the information of persons in tending to exhibit articles or animals at the coining Stato Fair we publish the following extract from tho rules of the society : Persona intending to become exhi bitors at the next fair are required to forward their entries, by letter, to the Secretary, Thomas W. Holloway, Pomaria, S. C, whoso office will bo open until the first of November. All exhibitors must have their en tries or animals ready to be taken in to the enclosure by Monday evening, November 10th, when tags and re ceipts for all entries will be delivered at tue Secretary's office, and tho same arranged in their respective de partments, and in readiness for ox amiuution by tho judges on Tuesday morning, the 12ih of November, at 9 o'clock. The committee will be careful to examine everything entered ; and as there will be no general discretiona ry list, they may recommend premi ums on articles possessing merit, not withstanding no premiums may have been ottered for such articles. Awards of this description will bo subject to the approval of the Execu tive Committee. . All articles sent by express for ex hibition must be prepaid, or they will not be taken from the express office. [Columbia Register. The Legislature of Georgia has re fused to prohibit its members from ac cepting free passes on railroads. The members were inelignant, not that their integrity should be doubted, but that their long enjoyed privilege of getting free passes . should be en dangered, and they hastened to lay the proposition very emphatically upon the table. It is a significant fact in this connection that the Georgia Legislature has just voted tu release a railroad from the payment of a large amount of taxes due to the Slate.?N. Y. Sun. A dead African eagle was lately found at Maina, on the Southern Greek coast. On examining tho bird, an iron-headed arrow over a foot long was found transfixed under one of the wings. Evidently the eagle had been fired at and struck in Africa by somo native, and had borne the arrow in its body in its long flight over ihe Medi terranean, until it fell dead from ex haustion on touching land at Maina. "When a young man has lcaened to say wait," says the Boston Jour nal, "he has mastered the hardest lesson." Indeed he has, and this truth is particularly applicable when the young man has called to take his girlriding, and she keeps him wait ing two solid hours while sbo "fixes up." Keeps him waiting with a team which cost him a dollar an hour. Gen. Suehmax, in a little speech to some school children the other day, said :** You may think, children, when I you read about us war men, that wo like battles and fighting. It isn't so. j Most of us hate it. So far as I am concerned I have been engaged in wars and with business connected with war forty years and I hate it with a deep and growing hatred." . Beware of bad books and bad pa* pars; there are many such. They are of no good use, but do great harm. Ask some one who knows to tell you of the best books. Never buy a book simply because it is chcup. Some books are dear if they do noi cost a cent. If you read them, they waste your lime aud destroy your soul. "Wendell Phillips says of the Repub lican party that "the fault of this par ty is one-third ignorance and two thirds knavery." True the intimate association of Mr. W. Phillips with this Republican party for a good many years certainly entitles him to the credit of knowing all about it. lie has been inside. What a glorious country this is, when you come to think it all over 1 One dollar pays for a card in a news paper nominationg your brother-in law for the Presidency. What na tion can match us? Advice to tho young?Eat oysters only in the months that have an "t" in their names and drink whiskey only in the months that havo a "k" in their names. Subscribe for The Orangkuuhu Democrat. Only 81.00 pcrannuta.