Newspaper Page Text
"Vol. II. ORANGEBURG, S. C, FRIDAY, AUGUST G, I88O. 3STo. 32.
Primary Elections. Editor Orangcburg Democrat : With something like fear and trem bling the writer ventures to indite this for the- columns of the Democrat, for ho has a lasting remembrance of nn article which somo weeks ago he has tily wrote for your educational col umn, which never made an appear ance, and was pitcously suffered to sink into olivion unnoticed, unhonor cd, unsung, and if it ever found a cof iiu it must have been that of an edi tor's choice.?the gaping waste basket. But I must be content, for other fee ble baulhing8, the olisprings of my pen, have thus been neglected, to find a like final resting place. We don't hear much of politico up here, unless we step over tho Edisto into Aiken where the people are all ablaze preparing for the primary elec tion which is to come oil'on the 17lh instant. Just here let me euquire why it Js that Orangeburg County does not try tho primary syetem. In my humble opinion it is by far the best. It is true that no system for nominating 'candidates can be devis ed which will be entirely free from valid objections. I have conversed freely with many voters of intelli gence who do not hesitate to assert their preference for this plan. The reasons urged in support of primaries are many and it seems to tue that some of them are potent. The sys tem has been tried in nearly ever^ -other county in the State aud, I be lieve, in every instance, it has proved highly satisfactory. Without intimat ing thai in Orangeburg or other coun ties tlicic is a ring of wire-pullers who manipulate and control Conven tions, I am fully assured that the gicat mass of the voters firmly be lieve that st.ob rings do exist, and in that belief, will be haul to satisfy by any woik which u convention can perform, it is certainly true that any candidate chosen by tho people i t a primary election can point with proud satisfaction to the fact that ho is lbs candidate of no convention, but that he is the choice of the'same vot ers who are to freely express their choice through the "ballot-box at a liual election. At a primary election each individual voter is left to express his will as a freeman without delegat ing his power to another who may possibly go to a convention only to become, perhaps unintentionally, the tool or victim of shrewd manipulator. Those who favor the primary system say let people, for themselves, select candidates at the ballot-box and this will insure satisf clion. And this deponent asks, why not? I Last week Prof. Burr's school at. Beaver Creek Academy, in the Fork, gave an exhibi Ion. A splendid din ner was served to three hundred per sons. After dinner they repaired to the spacious hall, where they were addressed by Gen. Izlar and Boyntou O'Brien. The whole affair was one long to be pleasantly remembered, and closed with a hearty wish for the suc cess of Hancock, Ilagood and the whole Democratic ticket. Festus. Witt's Mills, July 31, 1880. Tub Kev. Mr. Chainey, pastor of the First Unitaiian Church, Evans ville, Md., becoming infected with latioualistic views, reccutly startled his congregation by a declaration that he had lost his faith in God ; that public prayer by him was mockery ; that the hymn books of the church would serve a better purpose if sold for waste paper, and that, if he con tinued his ministry it must be on that basis of belief. Mr. Chainey was a member of Iteed Masonic Lodge, and for some years was its chaplain. lie was arraigned before the lodge, his sermon was placed in evidence, and ho was expelled for "un-Masonic con duct" mattering "false 'thoughts," doubts and opinions." Two other Masons who indulged in expressions of like belief arc expecting to be ex pelled, and one has already been sum moned for trial. Sunscitnu for the Ohanoeiil'uh Democuat. A Hero. Among the horrors which havo of late filled the newspapers, few can compare with Iho accident 'to the Hudson River tunnel. The follow ing is the official report: "This morn ing, about half-past 4 o'clock, while the men were changing shifts, that portion of the iron roof adjoining the shaft of the connecting chambers be tween tho two tunnels and the sinking shaft fell in. Twenty-eight men were in the tunnel at tho time, of whom eight escaped through tho air-lock and twenty $rcrc killed. Tho acci dent occurred at tho connection of the iron plates with the brick wall of iho working shaft, which during the changing of the shifts, was probably not watched by tho men as closely as it should have been, and the com pressed air was allowed to escape. The compressed air is relied upon to assist in supporting the roof, which was also sustained by strong timber bracing, and the escape of air has al ways boon prevented by stopping any leaks with waste silt. As the rool fell the plate closed the door of the air-lock into into the tunnel, and the water rising rapidly cut olf the es cape of the twenty men who were killed." The eight men who escaped owe their lives to the self sacrilicing heroism of an asssistcnt superintend ent, Peter Woodland. When the roof fell in there was but one escape from death, through tho air-lock. The door became jammed after eight had entered, they will die of suffoca tion, the others will drown. Wood land is outside. He sees that some have a better chance of life than he, if air can reach them. I'alc as the death lliat is coming he does not hes itate, hill gives the order, "Hurst in the dead e\es." It is done, his thread of chance is gone, lie and the twen ly with him are swallowed up in the Hood, hut eight arc savcd*curtainly .saved \yy his self-sacrifice, which shows a nobility that cannot be ex pressed by hernldiy ; an inheritance to his children that outvalues a pedi gree a yard long. A Fata! Duel in Tennessee. The Chattanooga (Tonn.) Tinus says: "A duel wes fought nearJnck sonboio, Campbell County, Tuesday night of last week, which resulted in the instant death of the two princi pals, John W. Bibec and 11. P. Roach; The dilliculty originated over a polit ical discussion, each being champions of the respective candidates for 'Sheriff in that county. They lust met on the street in Jacksonboro, and a hosted discussion ensued, followed by blows, when the combatants were separated by bystanders. They then agreed to meet Tuesday night a few I miles from town, wheu they would end their dilliculty with pistols. The I particulars of the duel arc as yet un known, it being believed that no one [ witnessed the tragedy, llibee was shot through the neck and Roach through the breast. Their instant death followed. Bibec was about 19 years of ago, the son of a very prom inent citizen of Jacksonboro. Roach \vas a married man and leaves a large family. liiB President and the Secretary of War seem to be-in no hurry about taking action on the opinion render ed by the Court of inquiry in the Ca det Whillakcr case. The latter offi cial says a month may clapso bcfoic he makes public his decision in the case, and that it is the intention to decide upon some general?not special ?policy, applicable to all cases simi lar to the one now under considera tion. Whittaker's friends continue unremitting in their labors to have him retained as a member of the Mili tary Academy, and a large number of letters have been written by prom inent Republicans, urging tho a-\yvn islralion not to throw Whilluker overboajd. Wordly friendship is like our shad ows ; while we walk in the sunshine it slicks close to us, but the moment we enter die shade it deserts ue. Infant Hygiene. Dr. A. 3. Ilydrick, chairman of the Hoard of Health for Orangcburg, re quest us to publish the following: At a meeting of the New York Board of Health, held June 3, 1873, the following scries of rules (approv ed by many physicians) for the man agement of children during the hot season, with a view to prevent the large annual mortality of this class, j was submitted by the Sanitary com mittee and ordered to bo printed : Over-feuding does more harm than anything else; nurse an infant a month or two old, every two or threo boil! 8. j Nurse an infant of six months and j over, five limes in twenty-four hours at?d no more. If an infant is thirsty, give it pure water or barley water : no sugar. On the hottest days, a few drops of whisky may be added to cither water or food ; the whisky not to exceed "a leaspoonfuHn twenty-four hours. Boil a teaspoonful of powdered bar ley (ground in coffee-grinder) ami a gill of water, with a little salt, for fifteen minutes ; strain ; then mix it with half as much boiled milk, addm lump of while sugar, size of a walnut and give it luko warm from a nursing bottle. Keep bottle and mouthpiece in a bowl of water when not in use, to which a little soda may be added. For infants five or six month old, give hair bailey water and half boiled milk, with salt aud a lump of sugar. For older infants^ give more milk than barley water. For infants very costive, give oat meal instead of barley. Cook and strain us before. When your breast milk is only half enough, change oil' between breast milk and this prepared food. In hot wealhe, if blue litmus paper applied to the food, turns red, Ihc food is loo acid, and you must make a fresh mess or add a small pinch of baking soda. Infants of six mouths may have beef tea or beef soup once a day, by itself or mixed with other food ; and when ten or twelve months old, a crust of bread and a piece of rare beef to suck." No child under two yeaia ought to eal at your table. v Give no candies, in fact nothing that is not contained in these rules, without a doctor's orders. Summer complaint comes from overfeeding, ami hot and foul air. Keep doors and windows open. Wash your well children with cold water twice a day, and oftener is the hot season. Never neglect looseness of the bow els in an infant; consult the family'or dispensary physician at once, and he will givo you rules about what it should take and how it should be nursed. Keep your rooms as cool as possible", have them well ventilated, and do not allow any bad smell to come from sinks, privies, garl aye 11 oxes or gutters above the house where you live. See that your own apartments are .light, and complain to the Board of Health if the neighbor hood is offensive. Where an infant is cross and inilablo in the hot v feather, a trip on the water will do it a gieat ideal of good (ferry boat or steam I boat), and may prevent cholera infan tum. In "A Famous Victory," one of the characters, was an office holder in the Pension Department, had been in Washington a month and had to in quire his way to his own office to draw his pay. Ho wasn't drunk,- but seem ingly had too much private business to attend to, which picvented him from giving any attention to the pub lic offieo he held. This i3 somewhat similar to the case of Bret Harle, lie is attending strictly to business with fishing tackle in the highlands of j Scotland, in company with William i Black. He has not been near his I Glasgow consulate yet. Indeed, it j is doubtful if he remembers what ollice he holds over there. ?Be sincere and truthful. A Father Shoots His Son. Last Monday, James Alcwine, who liven about three' miles from here, got loo^niuclf whisky iu him, and while in that unnatural condition discover ed his son Sim, a lad a little more thau half grown, up a tree iu the yard or near by, and desired him to como down, but the young sauce-box told him plainly ho would not. The old gentleman did not try many good words or use any gentle means to bring him down, hut threatened to shoot him if he did not comply with the paternal request. 'We do not know what the boy's business was up the tree, or how big ho appeared to the old man, or why he was wanted on the ground ; but he refused to obey orders, and the father iircd upon him with a load of shot. One of the shot cut the upper part of the head and the balance tore up the hat. Then the boy came down, and the old man fired upon him again. The young chap didn't beg any pardon or implore any forgiveness, but he fell upon that paternal shootist and licked him till ho didn't think that shooting at boys had as much fun connected with it as he had aopposcd. It is fortunate that neither one was much hurt, anil it is to bo hoped that they will not, try it over again soon.?Summit Courier, Ju'y 28. Why Forney is tor Hancock. The Philadelphia Times gives us this information: "Col. Forney has pulled oil' his coat, rolled up his sleeves and gono to work for Han cock in dead earnest. The current number of Proyrcs* fairly booms for the Pennsylvania candidate for the Presidency. In explaining his posi tion he dwells upon his indignation at tho way Gen. Grant was treated at Chicago, and pertinently reminds those who taunt him with quiting the party of tho conduct of many of his accusers m and out of the Union League who 'so olfensively declared that they never would vote for Grant if he was nominated.'. Grant thrown out of the race, ho turns to Hancock, another Democrat, and, like Grant, a peerless Union soldier, not only for the reason that his nomination is the best pledge that the Democrats can give of their sincerity, but because he is a citizen of my own State, and bo cause he was one of the three great I Generals who delivered Philadelphia from a rebel invasion." The veteran editor strikes out right and left in this .vay, and in the first skirmish leaves the mat k of his weapon upon more than one antagonist. Bulldozing. Some of the young women employ ed in tho caustic soda department of the Pennsylvania Salt Works, at Southwark, declared lhe;r sympathies for tho Democratic candidate last week by chalking on a largo lank 'standing near the building the words, CUIt CIIOICK FOR 1'ltKSI DKNT, GKN. W INFI BfA) S. HANCOCK. HANCOCK t'OUKVKie. The circumstance was reported to tho Superintendent of the Works, who immediately ordered that the girls who ha<l expressed their politi cal preference should erase tho name at once. None of the dozen female employees, however, would give the name of the offenders, and the Super intendent finally decreed that they must cither-wash off the words or walk off themselves. Upon,this an nouncement one and all declared they would leave rather than obey such a command, whereupon they weic or dered to go. This they did, and as they marched away handkerchiefs were waved and three rousing cheers were sent up for Hancock.?Philadel phia Tinus. liy love's delightful influence all tho injuries of the world are alienated and bitter cup of allliction is sweet ness, the fragrant llowers aro strewn along the most thorny path. Ambition often plays the wrestler's ttick of raising a i&an up, merely to fling him down. Couuting All of Thorn. UI don't wnnt to Orbke arry trouble, but there is one man in this city who ought to be gibbeted !" began a blunt spoken woman of forty-five as she stood before the officials of the Twen tieth slroet station a day or two ago. When they inquired for particulars she handed our, a letter and said : "Obsnrvo the envelope. The letter is addressed to me. You will see that the writer calls tne bis jessamine, and ho wants me to set an early date for the wedding." When the captain had finished the letter she was ready with another, ad ding : "And this is addressed to my daughter Lueretia. You will ? see that he calls her his rosy angel, and he says she can't live if she doesn't marry him. It's the same man." So it was, and his letter was as lender as spring chicken. That fin ished, be handed out a third, with the remark : "This is directed to my daughter Helen. It's the very same man, and in it be calls her his pansy and he says be dreams of her." "Why he seems to love the whole family," remarked the captaiu. "That's just it. I'm a widow with two daughters, and he was courting us all at once and engaged to the three of us at the same time. Oh ! what wretches there aru in the world I" "Yes, indeed. It's lucky yon found him out. " "Yes, it i \ If I hadn't he might have married tho whole caboodle of us\ If Lueretia hadn't opened one of my letters and if I badu't searched the girl's pockets while they were asleep we'd have thought him au in nocent lamb." ?? "And do you want him drrestedr" "No, I guess not, but I want this matter to go into the papers as a warning to other women. Just think of his sitting upjwjlh me Sunday night, Lueretia on Wednesday night, and Helen on Friday night, and calling each ono of us his climbing rose ! Oh, sir, the women ought to know what a deceiving animal man is 1" "Yes, he is pretty tough." "It has learned me a lesson," she said as she was ready to go. "The next man that comes spaikiug around my house has got to come right out and say which he's after. If it's the gil l's I won't .say nothing, and if it's me it won't do 'em a bit of good to slam things around and twit me of burying two husbands 1" A Southern Republican, at present on the fence, gives what he calls his judgment of the political result in South Carolina thus: "The extent of the Democratic majority is very doubtful. If Hampton keeps oh* the stump in South Carolina, as he should the State will go Democratic by about thirty thousand . majority.. If he opens the campaign then; him self, as it is said he proposes to do, acd goes among the colored people, Hancock will cany it by at least one hundred thousand majority. That is loo much. Let it stay at the first figure and let Hampton go to New York and Pennsylvan, where I under stand ho is to be invited. He is not needed in South Cerolina, but will, I think, be welcomed and liked in those States. Pennsylvania especially has learned to appieciate the gallantry of Hancock and knows that brave men arc good men." Mk. liussell Hancock, the cantli date's son, was not more than twer.ty ycaisold when he married Miss Mary Gsvyn?,one of tho helles of Louis* viile. Miss Gwyhn's father, an ex Coiifcdeiate, opposed marriage on the ground that young Hancock was the son of a "Yankee General.'' Young Ilaneok ferried his bride over the Ohio, eight years ago and they were married on the Indiana shore. The 6lcrn old father gave in afler the elopement. Neither the General nor Mrs. Hancock knew of the atTair for several months. im Ii.;1 " ? ~. Hunted to Death. St. Louis, July 20.?A special to the Posl'Dispatck from Moberly, Missouri, pays: "An armed mob of about ono hundred men from adjoin ing counties caino into .town this fore noon and opened (ire on J. C. Corlew, whom the Sheriff was taking into the court house to bo tried for commit ting an outrage on the person of Mrs. Crump in a hotel in this city last march. Corlew ran into the court room followed by three of the mob, where he was shot again. Ho then escaped to tho street and fell, but quickly regained his feet ho received another shot. He then tan through a dry goods store, closely followed by his assailants. Ho then fled into an alley and again into the street, flnuily making his way into a room over r, saloon. Hero his pursuers con.ered him, and tho husband of tho outraged,, a woman ended the pursuit by tiring . , five more shots into Coilew's body and one into his forehead. Corlew , ; died in ten miuules. Intense excite ment prevailed while these pioceed ing8 were hrprogresa, and officers of the law made uo efforts to stay them. Words of Wisdom. It is wenk and vicious people who cast the blame on fate. A weak mind sinks under prosper! ty as well as under adversity. When our haired is violent it sirjk^s us even beneath those we hate. The foundation of domestic happi ness is failh in the virtue of woman. Tho golden moments in the stream of lifo rush past us, and wo see noth ing but sund ; the angels come to vis it us and wo only kuaw them when they are gone. Smiles are to life what the sparkles are to wine, or scintillations to the diamond, intensifying its beauty and clothing it in all the superb hues of the rainbow. . Few nights are so dark that stars aro not to be seen ; the thing is to look them out and keep onc't. eye on them, and raako the most of what light cap be discovered. The Vermont Demooraoy. The Democrats of Vermoht are de- ?' serving of all praise. Being' in a hopeless minority they have little to encourage them even to keep up their party organization, yet they do keep it up and make full slate nominations regularly, and regularly go to tho polls and cast their ballots, biioging out their full force at every election. They are a noble set of patriots and we trust their fidelity to principle will yet he rewarded with success. They have just held a Slate Convention . in Burlington which was Iho largest ever held by the Green Mountain Democracy, over four hundred dele gates being present. Edraond J. L'helps was unanimously nominated for Governor. As a Congiesman, Garfield only crossed Hancock's path twice; onto when ho voted for tho resolution of thanks passed when Hancock lay grievously wounded at Gettysburg, seventeen years ago, and again when Garfield voted with the rest of his party to lay on the table a resolution complimenting Hancock for his con? duct as Military Governor of New Gr leans.?Springfield Republican. at A no now the sad news couie9 to us that 25,000 people are on the verge of famine in Kansas. There was no rain over a great portion of the coun try from November, 1871), until light ami insufficient showers fell in May Vegetation is dead eave in spots, ami a worm is at work on Uiese favored The stalwart organs remind us of boys in bowling alleys. They are pulling up slanders agatust Hancock like ten pins, simply to see them knocked down. This King's Mountain Centennial Celebration will be the biggest event of the season. It comes oil' in Octo ber. ?