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The Orangeburg democrat. [volume] (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1879-1881, August 06, 1880, Image 1

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Primary Elections.
Editor Orangcburg Democrat :
With something like fear and trem
bling the writer ventures to indite this
for the- columns of the Democrat, for
ho has a lasting remembrance of nn
article which somo weeks ago he has
tily wrote for your educational col
umn, which never made an appear
ance, and was pitcously suffered to
sink into olivion unnoticed, unhonor
cd, unsung, and if it ever found a cof
iiu it must have been that of an edi
tor's choice.?the gaping waste basket.
But I must be content, for other fee
ble baulhing8, the olisprings of my
pen, have thus been neglected, to find
a like final resting place.
We don't hear much of politico up
here, unless we step over tho Edisto
into Aiken where the people are all
ablaze preparing for the primary elec
tion which is to come oil'on the 17lh
instant. Just here let me euquire
why it Js that Orangeburg County
does not try tho primary syetem. In
my humble opinion it is by far the
best. It is true that no system for
nominating 'candidates can be devis
ed which will be entirely free from
valid objections. I have conversed
freely with many voters of intelli
gence who do not hesitate to assert
their preference for this plan. The
reasons urged in support of primaries
are many and it seems to tue that
some of them are potent. The sys
tem has been tried in nearly ever^
-other county in the State aud, I be
lieve, in every instance, it has proved
highly satisfactory. Without intimat
ing thai in Orangeburg or other coun
ties tlicic is a ring of wire-pullers
who manipulate and control Conven
tions, I am fully assured that the
gicat mass of the voters firmly be
lieve that st.ob rings do exist, and in
that belief, will be haul to satisfy by
any woik which u convention can
perform, it is certainly true that
any candidate chosen by tho people
i t a primary election can point with
proud satisfaction to the fact that ho
is lbs candidate of no convention, but
that he is the choice of the'same vot
ers who are to freely express their
choice through the "ballot-box at a
liual election. At a primary election
each individual voter is left to express
his will as a freeman without delegat
ing his power to another who may
possibly go to a convention only to
become, perhaps unintentionally, the
tool or victim of shrewd manipulator.
Those who favor the primary system
say let people, for themselves, select
candidates at the ballot-box and this
will insure satisf clion. And this
deponent asks, why not? I
Last week Prof. Burr's school at.
Beaver Creek Academy, in the Fork,
gave an exhibi Ion. A splendid din
ner was served to three hundred per
sons. After dinner they repaired to
the spacious hall, where they were
addressed by Gen. Izlar and Boyntou
O'Brien. The whole affair was one
long to be pleasantly remembered, and
closed with a hearty wish for the suc
cess of Hancock, Ilagood and the
whole Democratic ticket. Festus.
Witt's Mills, July 31, 1880.
Tub Kev. Mr. Chainey, pastor of
the First Unitaiian Church, Evans
ville, Md., becoming infected with
latioualistic views, reccutly startled
his congregation by a declaration
that he had lost his faith in God ; that
public prayer by him was mockery ;
that the hymn books of the church
would serve a better purpose if sold
for waste paper, and that, if he con
tinued his ministry it must be on that
basis of belief. Mr. Chainey was a
member of Iteed Masonic Lodge, and
for some years was its chaplain. lie
was arraigned before the lodge, his
sermon was placed in evidence, and
ho was expelled for "un-Masonic con
duct" mattering "false 'thoughts,"
doubts and opinions." Two other
Masons who indulged in expressions
of like belief arc expecting to be ex
pelled, and one has already been sum
moned for trial.
Sunscitnu for the Ohanoeiil'uh
A Hero.
Among the horrors which havo of
late filled the newspapers, few can
compare with Iho accident 'to the
Hudson River tunnel. The follow
ing is the official report: "This morn
ing, about half-past 4 o'clock, while
the men were changing shifts, that
portion of the iron roof adjoining the
shaft of the connecting chambers be
tween tho two tunnels and the sinking
shaft fell in. Twenty-eight men were
in the tunnel at tho time, of whom
eight escaped through tho air-lock
and twenty $rcrc killed. Tho acci
dent occurred at tho connection of
the iron plates with the brick wall of
iho working shaft, which during the
changing of the shifts, was probably
not watched by tho men as closely as
it should have been, and the com
pressed air was allowed to escape.
The compressed air is relied upon to
assist in supporting the roof, which
was also sustained by strong timber
bracing, and the escape of air has al
ways boon prevented by stopping any
leaks with waste silt. As the rool
fell the plate closed the door of the
air-lock into into the tunnel, and the
water rising rapidly cut olf the es
cape of the twenty men who were
killed." The eight men who escaped
owe their lives to the self sacrilicing
heroism of an asssistcnt superintend
ent, Peter Woodland. When the
roof fell in there was but one escape
from death, through tho air-lock.
The door became jammed after eight
had entered, they will die of suffoca
tion, the others will drown. Wood
land is outside. He sees that some
have a better chance of life than he,
if air can reach them. I'alc as the
death lliat is coming he does not hes
itate, hill gives the order, "Hurst in
the dead e\es." It is done, his thread
of chance is gone, lie and the twen
ly with him are swallowed up in the
Hood, hut eight arc savcd*curtainly
.saved \yy his self-sacrifice, which
shows a nobility that cannot be ex
pressed by hernldiy ; an inheritance
to his children that outvalues a pedi
gree a yard long.
A Fata! Duel in Tennessee.
The Chattanooga (Tonn.) Tinus
says: "A duel wes fought nearJnck
sonboio, Campbell County, Tuesday
night of last week, which resulted in
the instant death of the two princi
pals, John W. Bibec and 11. P. Roach;
The dilliculty originated over a polit
ical discussion, each being champions
of the respective candidates for
'Sheriff in that county. They lust
met on the street in Jacksonboro, and
a hosted discussion ensued, followed
by blows, when the combatants were
separated by bystanders. They then
agreed to meet Tuesday night a few
I miles from town, wheu they would
end their dilliculty with pistols. The
I particulars of the duel arc as yet un
known, it being believed that no one
[ witnessed the tragedy, llibee was
shot through the neck and Roach
through the breast. Their instant
death followed. Bibec was about 19
years of ago, the son of a very prom
inent citizen of Jacksonboro. Roach
\vas a married man and leaves a large
liiB President and the Secretary of
War seem to be-in no hurry about
taking action on the opinion render
ed by the Court of inquiry in the Ca
det Whillakcr case. The latter offi
cial says a month may clapso bcfoic
he makes public his decision in the
case, and that it is the intention to
decide upon some general?not special
?policy, applicable to all cases simi
lar to the one now under considera
tion. Whittaker's friends continue
unremitting in their labors to have
him retained as a member of the Mili
tary Academy, and a large number
of letters have been written by prom
inent Republicans, urging tho a-\yvn
islralion not to throw Whilluker
Wordly friendship is like our shad
ows ; while we walk in the sunshine
it slicks close to us, but the moment
we enter die shade it deserts ue.
Infant Hygiene.
Dr. A. 3. Ilydrick, chairman of the
Hoard of Health for Orangcburg, re
quest us to publish the following:
At a meeting of the New York
Board of Health, held June 3, 1873,
the following scries of rules (approv
ed by many physicians) for the man
agement of children during the hot
season, with a view to prevent the
large annual mortality of this class,
j was submitted by the Sanitary com
mittee and ordered to bo printed :
Over-feuding does more harm than
anything else; nurse an infant a
month or two old, every two or threo
boil! 8. j
Nurse an infant of six months and j
over, five limes in twenty-four hours
at?d no more.
If an infant is thirsty, give it pure
water or barley water : no sugar.
On the hottest days, a few drops of
whisky may be added to cither water
or food ; the whisky not to exceed "a
leaspoonfuHn twenty-four hours.
Boil a teaspoonful of powdered bar
ley (ground in coffee-grinder) ami a
gill of water, with a little salt, for
fifteen minutes ; strain ; then mix it
with half as much boiled milk, addm
lump of while sugar, size of a walnut
and give it luko warm from a nursing
bottle. Keep bottle and mouthpiece
in a bowl of water when not in use, to
which a little soda may be added.
For infants five or six month old,
give hair bailey water and half boiled
milk, with salt aud a lump of sugar.
For older infants^ give more milk
than barley water.
For infants very costive, give oat
meal instead of barley. Cook and
strain us before.
When your breast milk is only half
enough, change oil' between breast
milk and this prepared food.
In hot wealhe, if blue litmus paper
applied to the food, turns red, Ihc
food is loo acid, and you must make
a fresh mess or add a small pinch of
baking soda.
Infants of six mouths may have
beef tea or beef soup once a day, by
itself or mixed with other food ; and
when ten or twelve months old, a
crust of bread and a piece of rare beef
to suck."
No child under two yeaia ought to
eal at your table. v
Give no candies, in fact nothing
that is not contained in these rules,
without a doctor's orders.
Summer complaint comes from
overfeeding, ami hot and foul air.
Keep doors and windows open.
Wash your well children with cold
water twice a day, and oftener is the
hot season.
Never neglect looseness of the bow
els in an infant; consult the family'or
dispensary physician at once, and he
will givo you rules about what it
should take and how it should be
nursed. Keep your rooms as cool as
possible", have them well ventilated,
and do not allow any bad smell to
come from sinks, privies, garl aye
11 oxes or gutters above the house
where you live. See that your own
apartments are .light, and complain to
the Board of Health if the neighbor
hood is offensive. Where an infant is
cross and inilablo in the hot v feather,
a trip on the water will do it a gieat
ideal of good (ferry boat or steam
I boat), and may prevent cholera infan
In "A Famous Victory," one of
the characters, was an office holder in
the Pension Department, had been in
Washington a month and had to in
quire his way to his own office to draw
his pay. Ho wasn't drunk,- but seem
ingly had too much private business
to attend to, which picvented him
from giving any attention to the pub
lic offieo he held. This i3 somewhat
similar to the case of Bret Harle,
lie is attending strictly to business
with fishing tackle in the highlands of
j Scotland, in company with William
i Black. He has not been near his
I Glasgow consulate yet. Indeed, it
j is doubtful if he remembers what
ollice he holds over there.
?Be sincere and truthful.
A Father Shoots His Son.
Last Monday, James Alcwine, who
liven about three' miles from here, got
loo^niuclf whisky iu him, and while
in that unnatural condition discover
ed his son Sim, a lad a little more
thau half grown, up a tree iu the yard
or near by, and desired him to como
down, but the young sauce-box told
him plainly ho would not. The old
gentleman did not try many good
words or use any gentle means to
bring him down, hut threatened to
shoot him if he did not comply with
the paternal request. 'We do not
know what the boy's business was up
the tree, or how big ho appeared to
the old man, or why he was wanted on
the ground ; but he refused to obey
orders, and the father iircd upon him
with a load of shot. One of the shot
cut the upper part of the head and
the balance tore up the hat. Then
the boy came down, and the old man
fired upon him again. The young
chap didn't beg any pardon or implore
any forgiveness, but he fell upon that
paternal shootist and licked him till
ho didn't think that shooting at boys
had as much fun connected with it as
he had aopposcd. It is fortunate
that neither one was much hurt, anil
it is to bo hoped that they will not,
try it over again soon.?Summit
Courier, Ju'y 28.
Why Forney is tor Hancock.
The Philadelphia Times gives us
this information: "Col. Forney has
pulled oil' his coat, rolled up his
sleeves and gono to work for Han
cock in dead earnest. The current
number of Proyrcs* fairly booms for
the Pennsylvania candidate for the
Presidency. In explaining his posi
tion he dwells upon his indignation
at tho way Gen. Grant was treated at
Chicago, and pertinently reminds
those who taunt him with quiting the
party of tho conduct of many of his
accusers m and out of the Union
League who 'so olfensively declared
that they never would vote for Grant
if he was nominated.'. Grant thrown
out of the race, ho turns to Hancock,
another Democrat, and, like Grant, a
peerless Union soldier, not only for
the reason that his nomination is the
best pledge that the Democrats can
give of their sincerity, but because he
is a citizen of my own State, and bo
cause he was one of the three great I
Generals who delivered Philadelphia
from a rebel invasion." The veteran
editor strikes out right and left in this
.vay, and in the first skirmish leaves
the mat k of his weapon upon more
than one antagonist.
Some of the young women employ
ed in tho caustic soda department of
the Pennsylvania Salt Works, at
Southwark, declared lhe;r sympathies
for tho Democratic candidate last
week by chalking on a largo lank
'standing near the building the words,
The circumstance was reported to
tho Superintendent of the Works,
who immediately ordered that the
girls who ha<l expressed their politi
cal preference should erase tho name
at once. None of the dozen female
employees, however, would give the
name of the offenders, and the Super
intendent finally decreed that they
must cither-wash off the words or
walk off themselves. Upon,this an
nouncement one and all declared they
would leave rather than obey such a
command, whereupon they weic or
dered to go. This they did, and as
they marched away handkerchiefs
were waved and three rousing cheers
were sent up for Hancock.?Philadel
phia Tinus.
liy love's delightful influence all
tho injuries of the world are alienated
and bitter cup of allliction is sweet
ness, the fragrant llowers aro strewn
along the most thorny path.
Ambition often plays the wrestler's
ttick of raising a i&an up, merely to
fling him down.
Couuting All of Thorn.
UI don't wnnt to Orbke arry trouble,
but there is one man in this city who
ought to be gibbeted !" began a blunt
spoken woman of forty-five as she
stood before the officials of the Twen
tieth slroet station a day or two ago.
When they inquired for particulars
she handed our, a letter and said :
"Obsnrvo the envelope. The letter
is addressed to me. You will see
that the writer calls tne bis jessamine,
and ho wants me to set an early date
for the wedding."
When the captain had finished the
letter she was ready with another, ad
ding :
"And this is addressed to my
daughter Lueretia. You will ? see
that he calls her his rosy angel, and
he says she can't live if she doesn't
marry him. It's the same man."
So it was, and his letter was as
lender as spring chicken. That fin
ished, be handed out a third, with the
remark :
"This is directed to my daughter
Helen. It's the very same man, and
in it be calls her his pansy and
he says be dreams of her."
"Why he seems to love the whole
family," remarked the captaiu.
"That's just it. I'm a widow with
two daughters, and he was courting
us all at once and engaged to the
three of us at the same time. Oh !
what wretches there aru in the
world I"
"Yes, indeed. It's lucky yon found
him out. "
"Yes, it i \ If I hadn't he might
have married tho whole caboodle of
us\ If Lueretia hadn't opened one of
my letters and if I badu't searched
the girl's pockets while they were
asleep we'd have thought him au in
nocent lamb." ??
"And do you want him drrestedr"
"No, I guess not, but I want this
matter to go into the papers as a
warning to other women. Just think
of his sitting upjwjlh me Sunday night,
Lueretia on Wednesday night, and
Helen on Friday night, and calling
each ono of us his climbing rose ! Oh,
sir, the women ought to know what
a deceiving animal man is 1"
"Yes, he is pretty tough."
"It has learned me a lesson," she
said as she was ready to go. "The
next man that comes spaikiug around
my house has got to come right out
and say which he's after. If it's the
gil l's I won't .say nothing, and if it's
me it won't do 'em a bit of good to
slam things around and twit me of
burying two husbands 1"
A Southern Republican, at present
on the fence, gives what he calls his
judgment of the political result in
South Carolina thus: "The extent of
the Democratic majority is very
doubtful. If Hampton keeps oh* the
stump in South Carolina, as he
should the State will go Democratic
by about thirty thousand . majority..
If he opens the campaign then; him
self, as it is said he proposes to do,
acd goes among the colored people,
Hancock will cany it by at least one
hundred thousand majority. That is
loo much. Let it stay at the first
figure and let Hampton go to New
York and Pennsylvan, where I under
stand ho is to be invited. He is not
needed in South Cerolina, but will, I
think, be welcomed and liked in those
States. Pennsylvania especially has
learned to appieciate the gallantry of
Hancock and knows that brave men
arc good men."
Mk. liussell Hancock, the cantli
date's son, was not more than twer.ty
ycaisold when he married Miss Mary
Gsvyn?,one of tho helles of Louis*
viile. Miss Gwyhn's father, an ex
Coiifcdeiate, opposed marriage on the
ground that young Hancock was the
son of a "Yankee General.'' Young
Ilaneok ferried his bride over the
Ohio, eight years ago and they were
married on the Indiana shore. The
6lcrn old father gave in afler the
elopement. Neither the General nor
Mrs. Hancock knew of the atTair for
several months.
" ? ~.
Hunted to Death.
St. Louis, July 20.?A special to
the Posl'Dispatck from Moberly,
Missouri, pays: "An armed mob of
about ono hundred men from adjoin
ing counties caino into .town this fore
noon and opened (ire on J. C. Corlew,
whom the Sheriff was taking into the
court house to bo tried for commit
ting an outrage on the person of Mrs.
Crump in a hotel in this city last
march. Corlew ran into the court
room followed by three of the mob,
where he was shot again. Ho then
escaped to tho street and fell, but
quickly regained his feet ho received
another shot. He then tan through a
dry goods store, closely followed by
his assailants. Ho then fled into an
alley and again into the street, flnuily
making his way into a room over r,
saloon. Hero his pursuers con.ered
him, and tho husband of tho outraged,, a
woman ended the pursuit by tiring . ,
five more shots into Coilew's body
and one into his forehead. Corlew , ;
died in ten miuules. Intense excite
ment prevailed while these pioceed
ing8 were hrprogresa, and officers of
the law made uo efforts to stay them.
Words of Wisdom.
It is wenk and vicious people who
cast the blame on fate.
A weak mind sinks under prosper!
ty as well as under adversity.
When our haired is violent it sirjk^s
us even beneath those we hate.
The foundation of domestic happi
ness is failh in the virtue of woman.
Tho golden moments in the stream
of lifo rush past us, and wo see noth
ing but sund ; the angels come to vis
it us and wo only kuaw them when
they are gone.
Smiles are to life what the sparkles
are to wine, or scintillations to the
diamond, intensifying its beauty and
clothing it in all the superb hues of
the rainbow.
. Few nights are so dark that stars
aro not to be seen ; the thing is to look
them out and keep onc't. eye on them,
and raako the most of what light cap
be discovered.
The Vermont Demooraoy.
The Democrats of Vermoht are de- ?'
serving of all praise. Being' in a
hopeless minority they have little to
encourage them even to keep up their
party organization, yet they do keep
it up and make full slate nominations
regularly, and regularly go to tho
polls and cast their ballots, biioging
out their full force at every election.
They are a noble set of patriots and we
trust their fidelity to principle will
yet he rewarded with success. They
have just held a Slate Convention . in
Burlington which was Iho largest
ever held by the Green Mountain
Democracy, over four hundred dele
gates being present. Edraond J.
L'helps was unanimously nominated
for Governor.
As a Congiesman, Garfield only
crossed Hancock's path twice; onto
when ho voted for tho resolution of
thanks passed when Hancock lay
grievously wounded at Gettysburg,
seventeen years ago, and again when
Garfield voted with the rest of his
party to lay on the table a resolution
complimenting Hancock for his con?
duct as Military Governor of New
Gr leans.?Springfield Republican.
A no now the sad news couie9 to us
that 25,000 people are on the verge
of famine in Kansas. There was no
rain over a great portion of the coun
try from November, 1871), until light
ami insufficient showers fell in May
Vegetation is dead eave in spots, ami
a worm is at work on Uiese favored
The stalwart organs remind us of
boys in bowling alleys. They are
pulling up slanders agatust Hancock
like ten pins, simply to see them
knocked down.
This King's Mountain Centennial
Celebration will be the biggest event
of the season. It comes oil' in Octo

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