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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 23, 1881, Image 1

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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, i$30. "Ss Just and Fear not-Let all tho Ends thou Aims'; at. be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHROX, Established June, 1$6<3.
Consolidated Aue. 2, ISSU SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1881. New Ser?es-Yol. I. No. 4.
?|| Si airman m? ?j?ti?\xm
L Publisfcs? STcry Tuesday,
Bmffatchman and Southron PnilUMnu
"* Two Dollars per annutn-ia advance.
A D T 5 R TI 5 2 M ? X T S .
One Square, first insertion.SI 00
?very subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months or longer will
be made at reduced rates.
AH communications which subserve private
interests will he charged Tor as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect wili be
i charged for.
* Marriage notices and notices of deaths pub?
lished free.
For job work or contracts for advertising
address Watchman end Southron, or apply at
the OSce, to X. G. OSTE?N,
Business Manager.
aeJ?SEgg?^S? _sar
ON and after May 15th. ISSI, the following
schedule will be run on this Road :
(Nos. 47 West and 4. S Fart.)
leave "Wilmington.10 05 p ra
Arrive at Flcreace. 2 25 a ia
leave Florence...... 2 40 a ni
Leave Sumter..... 4 OS a m
Arrive at Colombia._ 6 O? a m
Leave Columbia_-....10 00 p m
Leave Sctater-.~' .12 OS a m
Arrive at Florence. 1 40 a m
Leave Florence. 2 00 a ai
Arrive fit Wilmington. 6 20 a m
This ?rain stops on.'y at Brinkley's. Wade?
ville, Flemington. Fai' Bluff, Marion, Florer.ye,
Timmonsville, >Jayesvi!le, Sui??cr, Camden
Juaetion and Eastovcr.
Daily, except Sundays.
Leave Florence._...12 25 a m \
Sheave Sumter . 3 13 a m j
Arrive ai Columbia.....--......... 6 25 a m !
Leave Colombia._'..,- 5 00 p m
Leave Sumter-."._S 20 p iu
Arrive at Florence.-ll 10 p m
LOCAI. FREIGHT-(Daily except Sunday.)
Leave Florence.-. 3 50 p m
Arrive at Sumter-Lie over. 7 60 p m
Leave Sumter._. 7 30 a m
Arrive at Columbia.Li 00 a ia
Leave Columbia. 3 15 a m
Arrive at Sumter-Lie over_ S 00 p m ?
Leave Sumter._._. 5 00 a ni j
Arrive at I terence. . 12 O? m ;
A. POPS. G. P. A. j
JOHN F. DIVINE, Goners! Sup't._ j
South Carolina Railroad. ?
Passenger Trains on Camden Branch will j
run as folJov/s. until further ::o:;ce:
Leave Camden. 6 15 ?tm ?
Leavo Cstnden Junction. 7 2;) a tn ;
Arrive at Columbia.10 35 a m !
_J?eave Columbia. 0 30 a tn... f> t?Q p m .
<y Arrive Camden Junction* 10 52 a :o... 7 4:) p m J
Arrive ac Camden. 12 -il1 y m... S 45 p m !
(Daily except Sundays.) 1
Leave Camden. 6 15 a m... 3 10 p ::. j
Leave C:imden Jun?*_ 7 20 a m... 5 37 p ui .
Arrive at Charleston1 55 p ia... IO -SJ p iti j
Arrive at Augusts. 3 20 p tn... 7 25 ;i m :
(Daily cKce:-: Sun.dajrsi)
Leave Charleston.! 6 CO a ro... 9 05 a ni :
Leave Augusta........... 7 00 p m... 7 55 a m j
Arrive Camden June*... IC .r-2 a ai... 7 ld p m j
Arrive at Camden. 12 40 p m... S 45 p ta \
Columbia and Grocnvi?e Railroad boib ways !
for all point? <vn thu*. I' ?.vi und or. the Spur- ;
tanberg. Union and Columbia and Spartaii'Wg j
and Ashville Railroads, also with the Char- j
lotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad co ?ind i
from all points Nc-r'h Ly trains leaving Camden |
.at 6 ?5 a m. and arriving at S ?5 p ai.
Connection? mads at Avgas.'a io all points j
"*Vest and Scut!:: u!so at Cb::rle.?to:i with j
Steamers f'-r New York and Florida-un Wed- i
?nesdavs and Saturdays.
On Saturdays ROUND TRI? TICKET'S arc ;
sold to and from all Stations at <>:te first c'a ss
fare for the round trip-ticket; being good ti i I i
Monday noon, to return. Excursion tickets j
good for 10 days art; regularly on sale to and j
from all statiens at ? cenes per mi!e i'-r round j
THROUGH ??CKFTS to all points, cnn Le ?
purchased by applying to James J???es; Agent j
at Camden. I). C. ALL KN,
General pa s renbar and Xi?lte? Agent. ?
JOHN ?. PECK, General Suo't,
_Charleston. S. s\
Columbia and Greenvale Bail Baad, !
CotrvnTA, S. C.. A-ugast 3, ISSI ?
4:h, ISSI. Rasiengor Trains will run as !
herewith indicate!, upon this rond and its :
branches-Daily except Sundays :
Nw. 42 Up Passenger. j
Leave Columbia (A). Il (W j
Leave Alston.-.12 05 p tn
Leave Newberry. . 1 OG p ta i
Le&ve Hodges. 3 p a j
Leave Belton. . 4 57 p ai i
Arrive at Greenville.-. o IC? [. m
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Greenville at.10 33 a m j
Leave Belton.,.11 57 u ut
Leave Hodges. ? 12 p m. j
Leave Newberry. S 47 p m j
Leave Alston. 4 4? p in j
Arrive at Columbia {Fj. 5 50 p u; ;
No. 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Alston. 12 23 p m ;
Leave Spartanburg. S U & C Depot (B) ? 03 . :n :
Arrive Sparta abu -g ll ? I) Depot {4 12 p in j
No. 42 Down Passenger.
Leave Spartaubt:rg R &. D Depot (ll) 12 4? p m i
Leave Spartanburg S U ?t C Depot (G) 1 i'5 p m
Leave Unior.. 2 35 p m ;
Arrive at Alston. i 37 p tn j
Leave Newb>rry. 3 55 p m ;
Arrive at Laurens C- H. (i 45 p m 1
Leave Laarens C. H. S '-'A) n m ;
Arrive at Newberry.ll 30 a m j
Leave Hodges.-. 3 47 p nt ?
Arrive at Abbeville. 4 j> :?i
Leave Abbeville.12 ? i p ta \
Arrive at Hodges. I 05 \> tn j
BLCE Eines Ri R. & Axions os BRANCH.
Leave Belton. 5 0X1 j> :n
Leave Anderson. ... .... 5 34 p m ?
jLg-ivO-Pendlet'.''!. f"> 15 p ai
Leave Senaca fC). .... 7 2'i ?> va ,
Arrive at Walhalla. 7 45 j? hi
Leave Walhalla. ?? 23 a m ?
Leave S ?eca (D). . ? 3 t a m !
Leave Pendleton. !.? 30 u m
Leave Anderson.ll ?"Jain
Arrive at Beu.m.? 1 a m j
Oa and after above date through cars will i)e !
,run between Columbia and llentlersvnviil- v. ui.?
out change.
A-With Swith Caroiina Rail Road from i
.Charleston; with WUuiiagtun Columbia & Au j
gustaR R from '^'.ming^n-.?nd ail points north
thereof ; with Charlotte. Columr- a ? A u^u <..:..
Rail Road from Charlotte and points ?orth
B-With Asl;cvi:ic ? Spartaaburg Rail Road ;
for points in Western N. C.
C-With A. i C. Div. R ? D. R. E. for all .
points Sou;h and West;
D-With A. ? C. Div. Ii. Jb D. R. li. from At- j
lanes, and beyond.
E-With A- ? C. Div. li. < D. ?. R f>r all :
?points South and West.
F- With South Carolina Rai! Road for Char
leaton ; with Wilmington. Coiu'ubm A August?
Rail Read for Wilmington and thc- N ?rth : wi i
Charlotte, Columbia ?? Augusta Rail Road toi
Charlotte and tho North.
O-Wita Asheville ? Spartanburg Rail _tcnd
from HenderoonviHc. j
H-With A. & C. Div. lt. ? D. R. R. from
Charlotte db beyond.
Standard time used ia Washington, D. C., '.
which is fifteen minutos fu?t-.-r than Columbia'.
O'. W. c RY, Sup't. j
A- POPE, General Passenger Agv;nt.
Angus: 0, ISSI. tf. i
A ?att?e Cratcli,
A wiflow-she hu.-: only one,
A puny ami decrepit sou ;
l?ut day, and nigl-t,
Though fretful oft. ami weak ami small,
j A loving child. he weis her ail
The wi?uw;s mite.
The widow's mite-aye, so sustained,
She battled onward; nor complained,
Though friends were ie wer;
Ana while she toiled fur daily fare,
A Unie crutch apon the tu- ?.
Was music to her.
I saw her then-and now I see
That, though resigned and cheerful, she
Has son-owed much :
She has-Ile gave ii tenderly
Much faith, and carefully laid by
A Utile crutch.
How i Lost (Viv Diamonds.
Au old bachelor am I, with a very snug
little income. Everyone ai ray time, of life
Las Lis iaus and fancies. I am a collector
-not of old bootes or staffed birds, or dirty
seaweed and grasses, but of precious stones.
My friends say it is an odd taste. I ob?
serve people always do say this of their
neighbors' hobbies. Of course, my collec?
tion is a modest one ; I cannot afford to buy
stones at a price of ?ve figures. I began
my store with some really fine uncut jewels
a relative picked up in the East, in those
early days of cur Indian Empire, when that
operation known as "shaking the pagoda
tree " was practiced. Then an cid aunt be.
qiteathcd me certain "family diamonds,"
and I have bough: a little for myself. It is
less for their intrinsic value than as speci?
mens of different kinds of precious stone5
that I value my jewels.
The science of mineralogy Las always
been a fascinating one to me, and I mean,
some day, to give the world a treatise on j
gems, which I Lave devoted years to draw- j
in g up. Except as ornaments, very few ?
people caro a straw about jewels. My j
nieces took the deepest interest iu the ex- j
pertinents I tLougbt ox mailing to discover j
the Count Si. Germain's secret for remov- j
ing flaws from diamonds-an experiment j
that, if successfully applied to thc biggest
stone in Aunt Dorothy's necklace, would
Lave quadrupled its value. I was pleased
to find the giris interested in scientific sub?
jects, and repented having called tbem
frivolous. But when-failing to discover
iLe count's secret-I thought of testing tho
most interesting experiment of converting
diamonds into coke by ILe application of j
intense Lea:, iLe girls were absolutely rude j
on finding I was abcut to "try cot1 elusions'* ;
in the matter with one of my best stones, j
Much they cared about scientific diseov- \
eries; they only wanted a necklace worth;
?2.00v instead of ?.100. I am minded to i
leave my jewels to-alas I Lave they not j
rdready J eft me?
I was sitting one morning in my study, j
when a note and card were brought in to
me. The card bore an unfamiliar name.
Kerr Schlossman. Tho note (unsealed)
was from my old friend Merion. Merton j
lived a little way cut of the town, but we j
constantly exchange letters and visits. Mer- I
ton takes interest in science and mincralo- '<
gy. and we belong to a great many socio- i
ties, in which the ignorant general public ?
take no interest. Mer*on would be a coi- j
lector if he could, but he has to fritter away
on a wife and five children what would
sioek a decent cabinet of gems. However,
he takes a great interest in my store, and !
often lets mc know when curious sped- ;
mens of stones are to be sold at a reason- '
abie figure, and so on. Vthen I saw his j
writing I hoped the note was to say that his j
acquaintance, .the wholesale jeweler, Lad j
seen an opal at my price. I have not a sin- j
gie decent opal hi my collection, and have j
been looking for a specimen these ten ;
years: However, Merion did not even j
mention opals. Kis note was only to intro- !
duce a foreign friend, Herr Schlossman, \
the bearer of the letter. Ii seemed that j
the Herr was a German savant, come to '
? i
England on a visit to Merton. He (th3 ?
German) was like myself, au enthusiast ;
about gems, and Merton wanted me to al- j
low him to look at my collection.
"Of course I am aware that it is too valu- '
abie to be exhibited to casttal strangers/' !
wrote Merton, "but you need have no fear !
of Herr Schlossman. He is au old and val- j
ned friend of mine, a rich man, and a col- j
lector himself." This, by the way, was :
rather an argument against his honesty; '
collectors are sometimes light fingered '.
among their neighbors treasures. '*lle ;
is merely anxious to look at your jewels i
as a sample cf a fine private collection of ;
gems." j
"Yes, I fatter myself minc is-was, I i
mean, a very good collection: my faulty ;
stones were curious from their very flaws. !
"Show thc gentleman in," I saith as I j
selected the key that opened the iron door I
of the large safe, imbedded in thc library ;
wall, where I keep my collection of jewels. ?
The safe is behind a sham bookcase, and ?
the iron door is covered with glass with j
backs of books pasted against it ; no one j
could detect it among tho rows of book. ]
shelves lining the wall. Well, I did my ?
best to take care of my properly.
Herr Schlossman proved a most pleasant,
agreeable man, speaking English so per?
fectly that I should hauliy have taken Lim
for a German at ail. He admired my cd j
lection extremely, and was certainly a good ,
judge of jewels. He rapidly valued ah j
mine with a quite professional accuracy, ;
and wits a perfect mine of information on j
the-subject of precious"stones-so much so j
that I ventured to inquire if lie were a I
deaier (.merchant I believe I called it; in !
such wares himself;
" Well, not exact iv," he said, smiling; ;
"but a good many valuable stoned jais?;
through my hands from time tu Lime.*'
? did not press my inquiries i-triher. and j
we taiked on pleasantly; it was to agre* ;
able to fi:;d a syihpjtiue?ic udud. Wo ?><
cussed some of my choice old nbevry i!,:;: ?
f: n't '.:'<-u for everybody, and when ti>e
?iVrrrose tu depart, 1 tba!, ono of'.:'.,
most agreeable Lotir;: that I mid ever p:isscd ;
had come to an end. I pressed Lim much j
ii) stay and dine, but he was unfortunately [
eug'.ged that ST*:?v, and v. as C?ii iii Mer?
ton's next day-imfcict;...as.be smilinglysaiilfj
l is only business rh tbndon had beeu lo ;
inspect u:y teauliful collection. He '.vas
preparing awork on curious specimens of;
precious stones, it seemed, and was anxious
to describe some of mine in it. To ensure j
full justice being done to their merits, !
toi'! bin: ? would write the accourt! mys? If.
and forward it to Lim to make use of its he .
iie was very grateful, and we parted on
the be^t of terms '
I was so eager io fu?il? my promise that
sa: down at once to my tusk, leaving th
safe open (st thing I never do as a rule), i
case I Lau to refer to the shelves to verif
my description.
I had just given the shape and weight c
my largest topaz, when my servant knocke
at thc door.
:'Ph-asc sir, a German gentleman, I can
rightly hear his name, wants to sec yon."
"Snow him in," I answered, neverdoubi
lng that it was ray worthy friend returnee
But iu walked a shabby old man, who look
ed dusty and disreputable, and not at all
person to introduce into a room with jewel
lying about.
"lam Herr Schlossman," he began.
"There must be some mistake," I said
coldly: "for tho only Hon.- Schlossman
an: acquainted with, a friend of an ol<
friend of minc, has just left this house."
"Ach Himmel," cried the German, wav
ing his Lauds, excitedly. "Ben dat is d
rogue, dc rascal dat pick my pocket au<
steal my purse, my papers, ail-alli" am
he jumped and gesticulated as only a for
eigner can.
As bc calmed down, he began a long
winded story of having arrived early tba
morning, and finding that his pocket ha<
been welted at the station, whereby he ha<
lost all the money about him, also a lette:
ot introduction to me from Merton. Hi
luggage had gone diract to Merton's hous<
-at least that was his story-and he hat
not even the money left to pay for hii
breakfast at the hotel, and his journey tc
his destination. However, he luckily re?
membered my address, and came to asi
me to lend him sufficient for those present
?>ow, it happened, that very morning, 1
had been reading in the Thnes an account
of a swindle* who had extracted money
from several physicians by an exactly sim?
ilar story, and I was not going to bc taken
in after the same fashion. Had not the
genuine Heir Schlossman just left me ? So
I told the German, firmly, that it was use?
less coming to me with his trumped-up
story : that thc dodge was an old one, and,
in fact, that thc sooner he walked out, the
better. I must say he brazened the matter
cut well enough. He was furious at being
thought an impostor; declared Merton
could vouch for him (Merton being thirty
miles off) and, at last, became so noisy in
broken English ari\ German, - that I was
obliged to tell him that, if ho did not go
away quietly, I must send for thc police.
Then he seized his hat, and dashed ont
in a tornado of expletives in both lan?
I had been so disturbed by all the com?
motion that I felt confused about my list of
gems, and went back to lock at them again
before continuing my writing. Was it to
be believed? My best jewels were gone I
Yes, it was too true. Aunt Dorothy's dia?
monds, which I had kept in a small case to
themselves: Uncle John's Indian collection
-both had vanished. Nothing was left
except my own purchases, and not the best
of them even: for a certain ruby I had
given-well, rather a long price for-was
missing likewise. Altogether, I had been
robbed of nearly ?3,000 worth of property.
When could the theft have been perpe?
trated? The jewels were sare an hour ago,
for I had shown them to Heir Schlossman.
Could he be the guilty party? But then
Merton vouched for him. I could net sus?
pect him of such a robbery. If it had boen
a loose stone, more curious than valuable,
it might have been easier to believe. Col?
lectors sometimes yield to such temptations,
but a rich man to make off with ?3.000
worth of actual money value-it seemed
unlikely. Then I thought of thc shabby
German, a far more likely subject for sus?
picion: in fact, I should have been certain
he was the thief, save that I could not un?
derstand how he had managed to appro?
priate my property under my very eyes.
Still, as the "pea and thimble trick"
shows, the hand can be quicker than the
beholder's sight, and it was possiblo that
my German friend, amid his angry gesticu?
lations, had contrived to slip my jewels into
hts pocket. Either he or Herr Schlossman
must have been the thief, and I could not
suspect Merton's friend. However, it was
useless io lose time reflecting. I called a
cab, and hurried to the nearest police court
to give notice of my loss. As I stated my
case, tho evidence against thc German
stranger seemed to grow more conclusive.
His attempt to gain money by false repre?
sentation looked very suspicious, and the
police inspector smiled at the negative
evidence that I had not seen him touch the
" Yon never see a conjuror put a watch
np his sleeve when ho makes believe to slip
it into a cake, and you don't know how he
gets a bow into a cake, and you don't kuow
how he gets a bowl of water and gold lish
out of an empty cloak, do you, sir?" he
inquired. "Why, those light-lingered gen?
try can almost take the rings off your hand
without your knowing it." He did, how?
ever, ask me whether any else had been ii:
the room during the time the safe was
opened, and I answered, "Only the real
Herr Schlossman, the gentleman this im?
postor pretended to represent." I omitted
to add that I had never before seen "the
real Herr Schlossman."
The police authorities held out hopes of
tho recovery of the property, as they bad
been set so promptly on the track of the
supposed thief; and after taking all neces-j
sary steps in the matter, I returned home to j
wait anxiously for further tidings.
I breakfasted early a ext morning, and
was gratified to see a hansom dash up to
my door between ten and eleven o'clock.
Hastening into tho hail, hoping lo hear that
my swindler was caught*, and my presence
required at thc police station, I encountered
" How about my diamonds ? " I cried.
"jibing your diamonds," was Mer)oms
most uncivil r-ply. "V/hai could possess
you to treat my old friend, Herr Schloss?
man, in this-ibis insane manner? lt yn
don':. md the trmii of hts story, you 'might,
at least, huve te;- graphed lo mc. to ascer?
tain if it were correct, instead of hrs: in?
sulting him, and ?hen givhrg bini i:> charge
t<> tho police mi some absurd pretext."
"Inc vcr insulted your friend,;'-] riq.ii.-d.
"Ilew;ts a most agreeable nmn, mid we
spent a pleasant nour together; i have
b. .i robbed and ruined liv a .swindler a
little dirty German, who came ii<.??: after
your fri- hu left, and pretended to persona!,-.!
him. li - has c?rrud Off thc be>t ><i my
'....*ii:.-cti-.>!i; and J will rtain'y set thc police
on"bis tracie iou seem linder some extra-j
ordinary duhr-ioji. Murt?n-, and your lan?
guage is hoi the polities.
Mellon is au irritable fellow, and I make j
allowances for him:; but wy words appeared
to turn his wrath info pity.
"Joues." he said, solcmuly, *;I did not
think you were to be so easily galled. I
see it all now."
"Then you have thc advantage of me,"
I retorted, rainer testily, for nu one uko.-;
hearing that he hos boca easily iakou ia.
"Your pleasant, agreeable man," went
on Merton, in a tone of exasperating cer?
tainty, "is at this moment exulting in tho
possession of your lost jewels. The ' dirty
little German,' as you please to entitle him?
is the real Herr Schlossman, who has just
telegraphed to mo from the police-station
where your blundering has had him locked
"Butike other mau brought a letter-a
card," I gasped.
" Of which he had robbed my friend at
tho railway station," said Merton, coolly.
Need I dwell on the rest of this tale ?
I accompanied Mev'on to the police
court, where his injured friend was identi?
fied and set free. I cannot say that Herr
Schlossman showed a very forgiving dispo?
sition, for he received our apologies and
explanations with a remarkably bad grace,
and titterly declined to fulfil his engage?
ment with Merton, announcing that he had
"seen enough of England," and intended
to return to thc Continent that evening,
So off he went, and six months afterward,
when he died, the names of the Merton
family were remitted from his will, though
he had promised them legacies. I doubt if j
Merton has ever thoroughly forgiven me. I
am sure his wife has not.
And my lost jewels. They are lost still.
That clever swindler has never been caught.
To add insult to injury, everyone seems to
ihink I was so easily gulled. I don't think
I was at all. I was too alert, in fact. It
was my .ery sharpness that caused rue to
have the wrong man arrested, and so lose
Merton's friendship as well as my dia?
monds. "Why did the real Herr Schloss?
man come with a story exactly similar to
that of the swindler the newspapers were
warning us against ? Why did he look such
a dubious character ?
Well, I have one comfort. The clever
swindler is still at large. One day he
may pay a visit to some of the people who
are now laughing at me, and they may
find themselves "done "as completely asl
Colonel Malleson, in the closing volume
ot his history of tho Indian mutiny, com?
monly called the Sepoy Mutiny, gives some
curious instances of pluck in death. Briga?
dier Horsford, he states, "had driven a
strong rebel force across that river (the
Eapti), and in fording it, in pursuit of
them, many men of the Seventh Hussars
and thc First Punjab Cavalry had been
swept away hy the force cf the current and
were lost. Among those was Major Home,
of tho Seventh Hussars. After some
search his body was drawn ont of a deep
hole, his hands having a fast grip of two cf
the rebels, whilst the bodies of two troopers
who perished with him M-era found, each
with his hands clutching a rebel sowar."
rhilu. Sat. XfigJit.
lu his "liemmisconces," Carlyle {-.Tis how
ho onue rode sixty miles fcc Edinburgh, "to
consult a doctor, having at last reduced my
complexities io a singlo question. Is ?his
disease curable by medicine ? or is it chron?
ic, incurable except by regimen, if even so 'i
This question I earnestly put; got response,
?It is all tobacco, sir; give up tobacco.'
Gave it instantly and strictly up. Found,
after long months, that I might as weill::'.ve
ridden sixty miles in the opposite direction,
and poured my sorrows into the long, hairy
ear of the first jackass I came upon, as imo
this select medical man's, whoso name I
will not mention."
We wish for more in life rather than more
of it.
A gre-ii reputation is a great charge.
Scotchmen are not famous for wit, but ii
they put any humor into a strong statement
{hey always 'mow how to substantiate their
words. One whom.a Yankee thought to as?
tonish by telling him of mountains in
America so high that Europe cotila be seen
from the top of them, replied, dryly :
" Wc can seo fur'er nor that iu Scotland,
Prom thc top of Ben-ledi I eau spy the
The story of the West of Scotland shep?
herd who told an English tourist that he
would see six kingdoms from the summit of
the hill they were ascending, is instructive
us we has amusing. "What the mischief do
you mean, shepherd?" demanded the skep?
tical Southron. "Weel, sir, I imean what
I say," and then he pointed out in succes?
sion Cumberland in England ; the Isle of
Man, oncea kingdom anda sovereignty in
the families of Derby and Athole; tho coast
of Ireland, and the ground on which they
were standing, part of Scotland.
"Yes," said tho visitor, "that make's
four, and you have two more to show
"That's true, sir, but don't bc in sic a j
hurry. Weel, sir, just look up aboon y er j
heid, and this is by far the best of a* the j
kingdoms; that, sir, aboon, is hoe von. j
That's five; and tho saxth kingdom is that j
doon below yer feet, to which, sir, I hope
you'll never gang."
The ceusor.-.hip exorcised 0:1 the foreign
correspondents in St. P.:!cr.sburg during
the recent Nihilist trial was not nearly as j
severe as iu>n:tk Anion-; oilier things,
however, they were ?'.:>! aiiowed to publish
Die opening sentences of .Jeiiabou's j
speech. "I am not uri anarchist." lie said. ;
I allow the necessity of .t Go vern j neut, j
wliich always must and will exist : but the j
Government must bo for the people, and j
m>t Hie people for the Government. 1 j
demand for the people freedom ami rep- j
rosen talion, freedom cf thc press and free- j
di-m bf speech; and ?. further demand 1
the hind for tho people, to whom it of right !
Have the courage to wear your old clothes j
until you p. y for your new ones.
Nothing but may be better.
j Bili Arp on Hogs, Fences and
j President,
I Fonce or no fence-that is
j question. I had about given i
! una becoino reconciled, but ?
I now illili, some few counties have
j lena in eu to LIT it, ami it cncoui
! nie to hope. It is a big thin*1",
I it is no joke to say there's mi! I roi
j it, fur there is. There arc a pr
I (d'tiling's to worry a man in this
lunary life, and he can stand the
troubles pretty wei!, but these 1
troubles that come along' every
and can't be helped will bring
crow's foot to the corner of his <
after awhile. Herc I've been f
ing for vicars and never let my s
run out to annoy my nabors nary <
and sume of 'cm treat me the s
wa}* but some don't. I've I
fences and made watergate's, andi
up everything as near to bomb p
j as possible, but still my nubers' 1:
keeps getting in my premi
There is a passel on the other sid
mile or so apart, and they roam
and down thc big road every c
and they root at the farm gate t;
they root it open some way, or t
get in at the water goto : or they
around and watch until thc child
leave a gate unlatched, and first th
wc know the infernal nuisances
in the field or the garden or the r
on] patch and if you dog 'cm you li
of it, and if you kill 'em you have
pay three times as much as the}'
worth and it gets up a breach
good feeling and a neighbor!]
quarrel. But a man can't stand crt
thing. These ere the first hogs
ever heard of that arc too good
bo dog'd. I thought that biting Ii
was a part of a dog's business, <
I thought it was a part of a ho
business to be dog'd. Whether il
so or not, I'll bo clog'd if 1 don't c
'em aslong as they keep annoy
me, dog on em. 1 had a cucum
patch and a bean patch in the tip.
field and they were just coming
nice and ready for the table, and t
morning when I went out to gat,
vegetables there wasn't a bean oi
cucumber vine left and hogs w
stepping around as big as Wat
and looked at me with a grunt of
pudeuce as much as to say: "Y
see we are here again don't you
Well human nature is human natl
thc world over, and 1 just step}.:
over to t'ne house and got my doul
barreled gun and called the dog a
limy didn't seem inclined to go I
showed fight, 1 thought I won id h
ry 'em up a little, and I let fly a
thev've crone home willi their noi
like a pepper box, and I recoil tu
can't root very much for a few du
anyhow.- Well of course my nal
will be powerful mad : but I do?
di rd : Im powerful mad too. Now t
law tells exactly what kind of a fen
a mau must have to bea lawful fem
but it don't tell what kind of a lu
a man must keep to bo a lawful ho
and that's where the trouble com
in. These here hogs are like t
confederate scouts, always on the g
hunting something lo jut. They g
no!liing at hume a uri they have
forage on the naborhood, and he
they go ami there thc}' go, up a;
down a mile and a ??alf of bouicvar
perusing lue country and watch ii
for an ('pening into my premise
If they were well fed at horne tut
would lie round thc front irate a:
sleep and breed fleas, which thc
ought to do for anybody who lets 'ci
1 go loose and vagabondize over tl
Now, lhere is a law about publ
roads that I am going to try and c
furcc whenever anybody forces mc i
go to law about hogs. Thc sup reu
\ court says t'ne big road in front of m
house is my laud if I own on bot
shies of it and the public july ha
the right to pass over it in a peac<
! able manner. They shan't slop ar.
? hitch to my shade tree, nor cuss UK
I nor usc bad language in the big roac
j no more than they could in my ow
yard for the road is mine and th
traveler must keep moving. That'
what the roads is for. It's a passover
It's a tresspas to use it for any thin:
else. Now I'm going to make a porn
on these hogs. 1 want 'em made ti
tell where they are going and what for
I'm going to see if they've got tl.i
righi to lay in wait at my gate. .
can prove according to reason Ilia
when they left home before clay thu
morning they meditated devilmen
upon me and it was a trespass tin
minute they slopped travelling ant
turned aside into my bean patch
Judge Bleekley told me that wai
good law-that swine was a historic
nuisance, that the devil took refuge
in e'm 1SS0 years agu, according tc
scripter, when they run down into
lho sea-that they was a nuisance
per sea then, and they ure a nuisance
ou the land now, and if lol ks let e'm
run about nosing into other people's
business it was right to kill 'em wheth?
er in the abstract or the concrete and
that's the law. I would buy these
hogs and put'em up and kill'em, but
the owners would get another set as
mean or meaner right away. Nabor
Freeman and 1 and Lowry and Mun?
ford und Allen ail join lands, and wc
have no trouble with our stock fur we
keep it ii}), und it saves a power of
fencing, and loy hope is that the law
will work su weil in those comities
that adopt it, that it will spread and
kee}> spreading lill it covers the Slate.
I'm glad thu prosulul didn't die.
I like hint belter than I thought i did.
i ie is nothing n-oro th?:;: any other
mun tn me but I'em for anybody that
a bru I o tries lo ssas?male and 1 wish
tho brute e.odd bo hung for il, crazy
or not crazy. J?"s them kind of crazy
folks thal ain't lil ten io live ami it
only shortens their lives a few days .
to hang 'em. as ii millican said nbotit
the pr?sident. 1 reckon no is crazy
alter a fashion, and I don't seo as how
tito slalwarts or Oonkling or Arthur,
or anybody is responsible for it any
more than the rebels were responsi- j
ble for Booth killing .Mr. Lincoln. It
was the devil and menu whisky that
got into lite feller, und 1 hat's the
win le of it. ? believe that General !
Garfield was going to try to purify j
tho administration of the government j
-but he wasn't going out of his pax- !
ty to find an}' help to do it. I don't
think he would tolerate such a crowd
of thieves and plunderers as G rant
had around him and therefore ? was
hopeful of his snaking- a pretty good
president. May the good Lord deliv?
er ns ali from any dynasty controlled
by Grant and Conkling and Arthur is
my prayer, and if General Garfield
lives I shall feel that thc country is safe
for awhile, whether the democrats
get any office or not. I wish thcy
could get a few. Good sakes ! ain't
it been a long time since they got a
nubbin out ol'the national corn crib.
But its all right I reckon, or it would
not be so, and it's best to bc reconcil?
ed to what we cannot help. Maybe
if we had tho offices, somebody would
be shooting at us and that's perquisite j
of office I don't like. Now if Mr.
Garfield had been away oil'on a little
farm he wouldn't have been shot at,
which proves that it is safer to farm
than bc president. Young men go
to farming, or take the consequences.
Picture Printing;
Many attcmps have been made to j
print a picture or design in varied
colors by a single impression, but
these have nil proved more or less
defective, owing to the blending
of the pigments wjth each other. A
proems invented recently, is now
c?<fr, free from this objection and is
so successtnl that a. manufactory for
carrying it out is being erected at
Passy' near Paris. The secret of suc?
cess consists in employing solid colors
in the form of a hard mosaic, from
which the impression is made. This
polychrome block is formed by mak- i
ing a solid matrix of the ground color,
and then culling out the pattern by a
sharp steel knife mounted on the end
of a jointed parallelogram lo keep
it vertical, while leaving it free to
move horizontally. Another way to
form lins intaglio mould is to indent
it with a wood or steel die, on which
the picture is put in relief. Thc
various paints are poured into' the
mould in a hot liquid slate, one after
another, taking care always to allow
the preceding ones to coo!. When
the whole design is finished and the
mosaic complete, it is shaved with a
keen knife, so as to give a flat,
smooth, level surface, lt is then
put into a powerful press, resem?
bling that used by lithographers ; thc
material to be printed is laid, face
downward, on its .slightly moistened
surface, and a series of rollers are
passed over it once or twice so as to
impart the picture to it. The print
is then exposed for a few seconds to
the heat of a hot plate, in order io
drive oil' the volatile solvents and fix
the colors, which are thereby render?
ed so permanent that they will stand
exposure to thc sun. Cloths painted
in this way only lose the picture
when their tissues wear away : and
a piece of velvet, boiled for eight
hours in a strong potash solution,
still retained some of the Color.
Water-color paintings can be repro?
duced on paper by this plan so as
to present thc appearance of chromo?
lithographs and oleographs; but
there is a far wider field for the meth?
od in printing the beaut ifni design of
Gobelin and Arbusson on texile
fabrics, so as lo form pictorial screens
and curtains.
A Farmer's Offset*
A "hired'*'' man who haa been
employed ona farm in this couuty
for several months, ctiLered snit
against his employer thc other day
for balance of wages, amounting, as
he claimed, to $32. The suit was cn
trial in Justice Alley yesterday, and
;t looked at first as if thc plantiif had
a clear case. He gave dates and
figures in a straightforward way, and
seemed a very honest young man.
When the farmer took the staud he
said :
"I claim an oifset for that $32. No
man need sue for what I honestly
"What is your offset ?" asked the
"lie's an unbeliever.''*
"In what ?"
"Why, in the BiWa."
"What has that to do with your
owing him $32 ?"
"It lias a heap to do with it. I had
six hands in my employ, and we
were rushing things when I hired
this man. Ile hadn't been with us
two days when they stopped the
reaper in the middle of tho forenoon
to dispute abuut Daniel in the lion's
den, and in three days we had a
regular knock down over the whale
swallowing Jonah. Thc man who
run the mower got to arguing about
Samson and drove over a slump, and
damaged the machine lo the tune of
$18, and the very next day my boy
broke his leg while climbing a fence
to hear and sec the row which was
started over the Children of Israel
going' through the lied Sea. lt
wasn't a week before my wife said
she didn't believe Elijah was fed by
the ravens, and hang me if I didn't
lind myself growing weak on Noah
and the Hood. That's my offset, sir ;
and if ho is worth anything I'd sue
him for a thousand dollars besides."
The court reserved his decidion for
twenty-four hours.- Ohio Poper.
There were in the United Slates, du?
ring the mouth of July, 1~>3 fires, en?
tailing a loss of ?l?,Sl>0,OOO worth of
properly. None of these fires were
under .SlO.OOO damages. The .smaller
losses would swell the 'irand Aggregate
to about g.S,-500fdOO; Tho animal
waste of property Ly cou?.igrmi?n !
about 01 {10,000,000, much of which is j
tho result of carelessness. Thc New
York Go?i?icfidid Bididiv thinks ono
tlnng is as clear as can lu-, and this is,
that, if burning up property goes on at
this rate, the companies must put up the
price or indemnity or go out of business
Their operations of the first half ot this
year left tireen a margin of only I or 2 j
pei* cent, of nil th;;t they took in for j
premiums : and now luis como a fiery'
July, whose cosrliucs in fires has mad-.1 ;
it-.nore rhan doubtful if thc hist half1
of the year will leave them a dollar j
upon thc business of ISSI.
A Model Love Letter.
th i o k of you my heart flops up
down like a churn-dasher. Sensal
of unutterable joy capers over it
young goats over a stable roof,"
thrill through it like Spanish nee
through a garment. As a g<
swimmeth with delight in a mud ]
file, so swim I in a sea of glory. "VS
? first beheld your angelic pcrfectio
was bewildered, and my brain wi
ed around like a bumble bee und(
glass tumbler. My tongue refus?e
wag, and in silent adoraiion I dran
the sweet infection of love as a th i
man swalloweth a tumbler of hot w
keypunch. Day and night yon ar
my thoughts-when aurora rises f
ber saffron colored clouds, when
drowsy beetle wheels its flight at n<
tide, when the lowing herds come h
at milking time, I think of tl
and then my heart seems to stretch
a piece of gum-elastic. When ?
from you I am as melancholy as a :
rat; sometimes I can hear tho J
bugs of despondency buzzing in
ears, and feel thc cold lizzards
despair crawling over mc. Your 1
is like thc mane of a sorrel horse p
dercd with gold : your forehead
smoother than thc elbow of ai: old co
your mouth is puckered with sweetm
nectar lingers on' }-our lips like ho
on a bear's paw, the dimples in y
cheeks are like bowers in beds of rc
or hollows in cakes of home made sug
you are fairer tuan a speckled pup
sweeter than a yankee fried in sorg h
molasses, and brighter than thc top
plumage on thc head of a musc<
duck, ff these remarks will enable ;
to sec the inside of my soul and 1
your affections I will bc as happy as
stage horse io a green pasture, or a,
bird io a cherry tree ; but if you can
reciprocate my thrilling passion I \
pine away like a poisoned bcd bug,
fall away from a flourishing vine of
an untimely branch, and in the com:
years when thc philosophical frog sii
his cheerful evening hymns, you, h
py in another's love, can come and di
a tear, and catch a cold on thc grave
the last resting place of vours, afTecth
atcly,_ Xi. K. V.
Making Tilings Over.
'Maria,' said Jones upon one of !
warring days, 'it seems to me you nat'
bc a little more economical ; nowthcr
my old clothes, why can't }'0u ma
them over for the children instead
giving them away V
'Because they're worn out wh
you're done with them,' answered M
Jenes. It's no usc making things O)
for the children tba?, won't- hold togothi
You couida't do it yourself, smart as y
'Well, grumbled Jones, 'I would r
have closets full of things mildew!
for want of wear if ? was a woma
that's all. A penDy made is a pen:
That was in April. One warm d
in May Mr. Jones went praccii
through the closets looking for som
thing he couldn't find and turning thin,
generally inside out.
'Maria !' ho screamed, 'where's n
gray alpaca duster ?'
'Made it over for Johnny.5
'Ahem ! Where's the brown linen ot
I bought last sun mer V
'Clothes-bag.' mumbled Mrs. Jone
who seemed to have a difficulty in h
speech at that moment, 'just made it ii
to a nice one.'
'Where arc my lavender pants?* yoi
cd Jones.
'Cut them over for Willie.*
'Heavens V groaned ber husban
then in a voice of thunder, 'Where ha\
my blue suspenders got to!'
'Hung the babj-jumper with them
'Maria,' asked thc astruisbed ma
in a subdued voice, 'would you min
telling me what you have done with m
silk hat ; you haven't made that over fe
thc baby, have you V
'Oh.no, dear I' answered his wit
cheerfully : I've used it for a haugh):
basket. It is full of plants and look
Mr. Joucs never mentions the won
economy or suggests making over-h
has had enough of it.
A Large Seward.
It is stated that Governor Ilageoi
will at au carly day offer a reward o
two hundred duilurs for the arrest o
John McDow, who killed Deputy Col?
lector Jraytou at Central a few week:
siuce. As the United Slates Commis?
sioner of Iuternal Kevenuc (x. B. Haan]
has already o?fered tbrej hundred dol?
lars for thc same purpose, aed Mr. E.
M. Brayton, Collector of Internal Keve
oue for thc District of South Carolina,
a brother of thc deceased, having offer?
ed personally, five hundred dollars, it
will bc seen that the aggregate sum of
one thousand dollars has been placed on
McDow's head. If a money considera?
tion will conduce to that end, the slayer
will not be long at large. A gentle?
man from Pickens with whom we have
conversed, and who knows thc McDow
family, states that those who receive
these combined rewards will earn them,
as his intrepidity is of the most daring
kind.-Grctn ville M?tenla i acer.
A Beatiful Star.
Thc "Star of Bethlehem," which is
now visible just above the eastern hori?
zon from o o'clock until daylight each
morning, is the most beautiful star we
have ever seen. Those of our readers
who have not seen it will be fully re?
paid for thc trouble of aa carly rise, lt
is so large and brilliant that it sheds
over thc earth a soft mellow light al?
most as bright as ;he now moon. This
cele: liai visitor is now on tho wane and
ii. will d'>appcav this fail. It will not
rc-appear until after the lapse of tbn:e
hundred years, so that every person
who has au eye for thc beautiful should
not lose this rare opportunity of seeing
this wonderful star during its prcscut
passage over us.
A new system cf telegraphy called
tiie Ueggo system, by which it is said ;
tOOO words a minute can bo sent, has !
been invented. A company has boen j
organized in New York to put tbis new j
system io operation. This nev; system ?
it is thought wilt create a revolution in j
telegraphy and rcplaee all known mcth- j
ods of telegraphing.
State Teachers' Association.
Wc leam from thc News that a St
Teachers* Association was organized
Greenville on the 9th inst., with 1
teachers present. The following offie
were elected :
Dr. Jas. II. Carlisle. President.
V. C. Dibble, 1st Vice President.
A. S. Townes, 2d Vice President.
Dr. Cr. W. Holland, 3d V. Preside*
ll. Means Davis, 4th V. President.
W. D. Schoenberg, ?th V. Presider
Wm. S. Morrison, Secretary.
lt. B. Haynes, Treasurer.
The following are some of thc provi
ions of the constitution adopted :
The object of the Association shall 1
the improvement of its members in tl
science and art of teaching, and tl
promotion of thc cause of education.
All school officers, teachers,, and tho:
proposing to teach, shall bc entitled
Thc officers shall consist of a Pre
"dent, one Vice President for each Coi
grcssional District in the State, a Se<
rotary, an Assistant Secretary, a Trea.*
nrcr, and an Executive Committee <
five members, who shall bold thei
offices one-year or until their succ?s*
ors shall be elected.
It shall bc the duty of the Exeeutiv
Cmmittce to determine the time c
holding the sessions of the association
and to make all necessary arrangement
for conducting them.
There shall be a committee of fiv
members appointed to submit to th
association printed reports upon each o
the following subjects at the request o
the Executive Committee: Professions
Training, Industrial Education, Higl
Schools, Public Schools.
The following articles of a propose?
memorial to the legislature were to bi
introduced and discussed at the meet?D|
on the 10th inst. :
1. To increase the sehoe? tax for tb<
whole State to an amount sufficient t<
maiutain the public schools 6ve month
in every year in each school district ii
thc State.
2. To give thc tax-payers of ever*
school district in the State the right tc
vote additional taxes on themselves, ovei
aud above the taxes imposed on the wboh
State, and thereby to improve their
schools to whatever extent they may
desire. This right has already been
given to several towns. It is the very
germ of a good system, and this right
belongs to every school district.
3. To require the school trustees of
each district to procure suitable sites
and erect thereon suitable houses for
thc public schools of their district, pay?
ing for the entire cost of the same out
of thc district school fund.
4. To require thc County Board of
Education to appropriate fifty dollars a
year for the support cf county teachers.
5. To require each applicant for a.
teacher's certificate to pay ODe dollar to
be added to the fund for defraying ex
penses of thc County Institute, and to
require all private school teachers who
attend such Institute, to pay one dollar
to the same fund.
G. To empower and require the State
Board of Education to prescribe a
course of study for the public schools
of the State, and to provide for the is*
suiug of certificates of graduation to all
pupils who complete this course ic a
satisfactory manner. .
7. To require that the office of County
School Commissioner be filled by ap?
A Romance with a Sad Sequel.
A young lady io Richmond, Va.,
uot long ago answered an advertise?
ment which appeared in the Hartford
Churchman for a governess, who was
desired to take charge of a little girl
six or eight years of age and the
daughter of a widower. The result was
that the alleged widower came on to
Richmond and concluded finally to take
the young lady as his wife instead of
governess. He was represented as a
gentleman of moans, about fifty five
years of age and of fine appearance. It
was also stated that he settled upon his
newly made bride thc sum of ?30.000.
Shortly after thc marriage thc bridal
party left for Niagara with the intention
of visiting Europe in thc fall. And
now comes thc melancholy seque: to
this 'romance/ which is that thc mair
was a forger a?d impostor of the black?
est kind, and the young bride has \ -n
deserted. She was found by rela*. : :
at-Albion, N. Y., and brought back
her Virginia home. Thc youDg lad^
was not the only one deceived by the
black hearted wretch. He got ?800
from a bank in Richmond, and was re?
ceived iuto thc best society there. The
whole affair teaches an important lesson
if it is only learned.
Odd Contribution to the Garfield
BALTIMORE, July 26.-The following
letter, sent by a boy from West Vir?
ginia and addressed to the President of
the Corn aud Flour Exchange, was re?
ceived hero to-day :
"DEAR SIR: I sent you by Adams
Espress to-day a live fox. He was
caught when po bigger than a rat and
is now only half grown. Be careful
that he don't gnaw his way out his box.
His name is Roscoe Conkling. Sell
him for Mrs. Garfield. Ter! her that I
sent it and that I hope she will take my
idea. Tell her that I hope Mr. Gar?
field will get well. N. B.-I paid one
dollar for thc chaiu and box. Please
scud me one-fifth of what it sells for, a?
I want to buy a pig."
The fox is a tremendous fellow a*>d
very vicious. To-morrow he will be
sold for the benefit of thc fuud, when it
is thought a considerable sam will bc
Mr. Dibcrt who moved his shoe fac?
tory machinery and a number of skilled
workmen from New Jersey to the Pen?
itentiary building in Columbia, Las 67
State couvicts at work iu the factory
making shoes, and by the 1st of Sep?
tember will have 100 at work. His
contract with the State is 100 convicts
for five years at 50 cents per day for
adult males, and 37 cents for women
and boys. Thc capital invested by Mr.
Dibcrt iu this enterprise is 50,000 and
thc production will be 000 pair of boots
and shoes of at least 50 styles, ranging
from the finest calfskin boots to brogao
shoes, per day.

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