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e Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at. be thy Country's, ray Goers, and Truth's." TITF. TI:UE SOUTHRON, Established June, ISGG SUMTER, S. O., TUESDAY, OCTOBER ll, 1881. Sew Series-Yoi. I. Xo. il. I Published every Tuesday? -EY THE Watchman and Southron PiibUshiny Company, SUMTER, S. Gi TERMf?:: Two Dollars per annum-in advance. A-D VERTISEMEXTS. Cfae Square, first insertion.SI 00 ?Very subsequent insertion. 50 Contracts for three months, or longer will Be made at* reduced rates. All communications which subserve private interests will be charged for as advertisements. Obituaries and tributes of respect will be Charged for. Marriage notices and' notices of deaths pub? lished free. _ _% For job work or contracts for advertising ?dcress Watchman and Southron, or apply at the Office, to Ki G. OSTEEN, Business Manager. WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AUGUSTA R. R. ON aad after May 15th, ISSI, the following schedule will be run on this Road : SIGHT EXPRESS AND MAIL TRAIS. (Daily ) (Nos. 47 West and 4S Ea.?t.) Leave Wilmington.--IO 05 p m Arrive ai Florence.-. 2 25 a m Leave Florence. 2 40 a m Leave Sumter. . - 4 OS a m ?rrive at Columbia.- 6 OU a m Leave Columbia-.10 00 p m Leave Snar?er.._.12 OS a m Arrive at Florence. 1 40 a m Leave Florence.....-- ..-. 2 00 a m Arrive at WilmiDgcon. 6 20 a m ?"Tim Train stops only at Brinkley's, White ville, Flemington. Fair Bluff, Marion, Florence, Timmonsv?lle, MoyesvMle, Sumter, Camden Junction-and Easfover. THROUGH FREIGHT TRAIS. Daily, except Sundays. Leave Florence..-.- -..-.12 25 a m Leave Sumter. 3 13 a ra Arrive at Columbia.- .... ......... 6 25 a m Leave Columbia..? - 5 00 p m Leave Sumter-.*.- S 20 p va Arrive at Florence .ll 10 p m LOCAL FREIGHT-(Daily except Sunday.) Leave Florence.- .. ~-. 3 50 p tn Arrive at Sumter-Lie over. 7 50 p m Leave Sumter.-. 7 30 a m Arrive at Columbia..v..?..ll 00 a m Lea*?e Columbia.._. a.. 3 15 a ia Arrive- at Samter- Lie over....*.. S 00 p tn Leave Sumter_. 6 O? a m Arrive at florence.-. 12 00 m A. P0?E,Jj-4i>4-^ 1 JOHN'FT ^^^^^ggg?p^_ South Carolina Railroad. CHAXGE OF SCHEDULE. ON AND AFTER SEPTEMBER 4th. ISSI. Passenger Train.? on Camden Branch will ran as follows, until further notii-e : RAST TO COLUMBIA-BAILY EX-C?PT SUNDAYS. Leave Camden ..'... . 7 45 a in Leave Camden Junction. S 50 a m A?rive at Columbi;?.. .-..10 ?5 a ni "WEST FR"M COLUMBIA- DAILY EXCEIT S ESSAYS. Leave Columbia. 5 10 a SJ... 5 55 p m Arrive Camden Junction, ll 01 & ra... 7 32 p tn Airive at Camden. 1 00 p in... S 37 p m EAST TO CR ARLESTOS AND AUGUSTA. (Daily except Sundays.) Leave Camden-.-. ....'. 3 :(l p m Leave Camden June'.- 5 37 p ta Arrive at Charleston..... .0 :>0 p tn Arrive at Augusta..'. 7 25 a m WEST FROM CHARLESTON AS*D A I* G ESTA. (Daily except Sundays.) Leave Charleston. 6 20 a ni" Leave Augusta. 7 O?? p si Arrive Camden June".ll CI a m Arrive at Camden. 1 00 p tn CONNECTIONS. Columbia and Greenville Kail road both way-, for ali points on that Road and on the Snar fanburg. Union and Co'umb'a and Sparenburg and Ashville Railroads, also with the (.'har lotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad to and from all points North by trains leaving Camden at 7 45 a rn, and arriving at S 3" p uv. Connections made at Augusta to alt points West and South; also at Charleston with Steamers for New York and Florida-on Wed nesdays an? Saturdays On Saturdays ROUND TRIP TICKETS are sold to and from-all Stations at one first class fare for the round trip-tickers being sood ti! 1 Monday coen, to return. Excursion tickets good for 10 da-js i:re regularly on sale to and from all stations at 6 cents per mile f r round trip. THROUGH TICKETS to all points, can bc purchased by applying to James Jones, Agent at Camden. D. C. ALLEN, Gencr::! Passenger and Ticket Agent. JOHN B. PECK, General Suo't, Charleston. S. C Columbia and Greenville Bail Bead. PASSENGER pEPARTA!EST, COLUMBIA. S. C.. August 31, ISSI ON AND AFTER THURSDAY, September 1st, 1?S1, Passenger Trains will run as herewith indicated, upon this road ar.d its branches-Daily except. Sundays : No. 42 Up Passenger. Leave Columbia (A)."_11 20 a m Leave A'.st-n _.12 26 pm Leave Newberry. 1 21 p m Leave Hodges. 3 52 p ra Leave Belton. . 5 05 p tu Arrive at Greenville...._.-. 5 27 p ai No. 43 Down Passenger. Leave Greenville at.10 HZ a ni Leave Belton.'..'..ll 57 a m Leave Hodg- s. 1 12 p m Leave Newberry. 3 47 p m Leave Alston.-... 4 46 p rn Arrive at Columbia (F) ... . 5 5U p m SPARTANBC?G, ?Mf'S A COLUMBIA R. R. No. 42 Up Passenger. Leave ALton. 12 4O p m fceave Spartaoburg, S U & C Depot(B) 4 03 p ta Arrive Spartanburg R ? D Depot (E) 4 12 p m No. 43 Down Passenger. Leave Spnrtar.bur-; RAD Depot ( ll) 12 4S p m Leave Spananburg ? U ?i O Depot (G) I 07 p ni Leave Union. 2 30 p ni Arrive at Alston. 4 20 p m LA CRESS RAIL ROAP. Leave Newberry. -. 3 55 p m Arrive at Laurens C- Il. C ;4S p m Lern? Laurens C. II .... . S :>o a m ^""Arrive" a<> Newberry.ll '?0 a m A'M?KVILLE BRANCH. Leave Hodges:. 3 56 p tn Arrive at Abbeville. 4 4? p rn Leave Abbeville.12 16 pm Arrive at Hodge?.. I 05 p tn BLCS RIDGE R. R. & ANDERSON BRANC?. Lea ve Belton. 5 06 p tn Leave Anderson._.... 5 41 pm Leave i'er.?'leton. 6 20 p tn Leave Sr?w?ca ?C). 7 20 p m Arrive z' Walhalla." 7 45. p m Leave v .."balla. . . y 22 a in Leave S: -a (D). 9 54 a m Leave Pt. . lici?n. lo :>0 a ia Leave Ar. -ison.ll 12 a in Arrive at Belton..M IS !t rn On and after above date thrott.;h cirs will b* run between Columbia and Henderse n vii ie with out change. CONFECTIONS. A-With South Carolina Kail Road from Charleston; with Wilmington Columbia ? Au gusta R R from Wilmington and ai! points north thereof; with Charlotte,- Columbia ? Augusta Rail Road from Charlotte and points no: tb thereof. Bi-With Ashevi'le <i Sp?rianburg Rail Road for poin'i in Western N. C. C-Waa A. ? C. Div. R ? h. R. E. for all points South and W5e??; D-With A. & C. Div. R. A I), ll. it- from At lanta a::d beyond. E-With A A C Div. R. & D- it. R for ail points South and West. F-With South Carolina Rail R'.vl for Char leston : with Wilmington. Columbia A Augusta Rail Read for Wiltuingron ar? : the Iv?>rth : v i b Charlotte, Columbia ?fe August:*. Kail ito.id foi Charlotte aud the North: G-With Asheville Jfc Spartanburg Rail ?o.^d from HenUcrs; .iviHe. lt-With A. A C. Div. R. ? D. R. K. from Charlotte & beyond. Standard time used is Washington. D. C.. which is fifteen minutes faster than Cb??rnb?i. J. W. FRY, Sup t. A. POPE. General Passenger Agent. August 30. ?535t?_ tf FALLING LEAVES. The? are falling, slowly falling, Thick upon the forest side Severed ?rom the noble branches Where they waved in beauteous pride. They are falling in the valleys Where the early violets spr ing, And the birds in sunny springtime First the grandest dulcet ring. ! They are falling on thc streamlet, Where the silvery v.-aters fiow, j And upon its placid bosom Onward with tho waters go. They are falling in the churchyard j Where our kindred sweetly sleep ;. Where the idle winds of summer Softly o'er our loved ones sweep. They are falling, sadly falling, Close beside our cottage door ; Pale and faded like the loved ones" Who ha?ve gone forever more. They are falling, and the sunbeams Shine in beauty soft around : Yet the faded leaves are falling Falling on their grassy mound. They are falling, ever falling, When-the autumn breezes sigh When the stars in beauty glisten1 Bright upon the midnight sky. They are falling when the tempest Moans like ocean's hollow roar When the tuneless winds and' billows Sadly sigh for evermore. They are falling, they are falling, While our saddened thoughts still go ? To the sunny days of childhood, In the dreamy long ago. j And their faded hues reoind us Of the blighted hopes and dreams Faded like the falling leaflets Cast upon tue icy streams. A SAD NARRATIVE. The L.ast of a Proud and Wealthy Family. The story of a woman's devotion un i der fearful trials and crosses will never I be fully told It began with the first j mother, was the sole comforter of the j first murderer, and came down to be ; ever present, adorning life with a heav i only gleam in the home of the humble j and proud alike. Yesterday morning ! two Sisters of Mercy might have been ! seen in the ladies* waiting room in the ^SS^J^land Depct,_on^4h, *? -??y. fcg gt. i Louis. TnV^faceT of one of these holy j women would have caused the most j heartless wretch living to stop for an j instant at least to look upou its sweet ? ness, its beauty, its benignity, all made j heavenly by a visible and speaking i something that told of a life of woe and ; hard trial. This nun is the last of a ! once proud and wealthy family, that i before the rebeliion was renowned in j the S-a?e of South Carolina for all that j went to distinguish the elite of that ! proud State. Her story has few parallels. When jitKe war broke out the family consisted I of the father and mother, four socs and j two daughters, of whom- this Sister of ? Mercy was the youngest, then barely \ sixteen. The family belonged to the j Episcopal Church, but the daughters ; were educated at the Academy of the j Sacred i'leart at Georgetown, now part j of the City of Washington. Both were j hurriedly brought from school when the ! war broke out to bid adieu to their : father and brothers, who were of the j first to fall into line. With them went j the betrothed of the elder sister and the llover of the younger, only sons of a j neighboring planter of great wealth I and social standing. The care and ! management of the immense estate Were ! j left to the overseer and the small army j of slaves-. At the battle of Antietam ? the father and one of the sons fell, and j another was brought home to die in a ! little while of his wounds. Misfortune i began to fall fast. The overseer, who j from the start had been unworthy cf his j charge, shortly after the death of these j three members of the family fled, leav ! ing the estate hopelessly entangled and ! the slaves in a state of uncontrollable ! insubordination. j The remaining sons came horne on a ! summons to attend their dying mother, j They found their elder sister broken in [spirit aud health, but the younger ! brave and cheerful amid the terrible ; straggle. Before the "boys returned tO' I the field they buried mother and sister, i and one remained to manage the estate, j while the other went back to fight. Tn the field he was attached to the stair of Gen. Beauregard, and was killed while, in obedience to orders, Le was conduc? ting a reconnoitre. Thus there remained but the younger son and daughter of thc family. Sherman's devastating army was coming, and scarcely a son of those left to Heath Carolina failed to shoulder a gun to meet him, among them this only protector of the beautiful and accom? plished lady, who, as a Sister cf Mercy, was on lier way to Sr.. Louis yesterday. Before Sherman reached the plantation, which was now in equally unworthy hands as a trust, the slaves had set fire to every building, ever so small, on it besides murdering ttic agent. The young mistress, thc day before, with a faithful slave, had fled to the planta? tion of her lover, from which she viewed the fiamos wbicb wrapped her beloved home in ruin. From this shelter she was obliged to fly on the ap? proach of the army, for it, like scores of others, was left in ashes. She Uow found herself in thc city of Charleston, tt dependent on the bounty of others. The terrible charge about Atlanta soon followed, and among thc first to fall was her last brother und the lover of her eldest sister, who, till now, had gone through tho war unscratched, but tear? ing high honors. No cue was left now but her i ?vor, and he catii o back without his left-arm. l-'r 'i and destruction wore cvery ?vhero. Slio was absolutely left without a malo relative, und the few remaining of her own -ex were like herself en? gulfed in misery and ruin. Tn the course of time the one-armed lover and the brave little rx* tn nan s of this blighted family were married, the young wife having in tho meantime barely supported herself by reaching and her accomplishment., of tho needle. They very quickly removed tn Scy? York, where the husband had secured a position in a cotton house. Two handsome children were b'>rn to them, and lifo seemed measurably bright when suddenly the husband was taken sick, and, after lingering for mouths, died. Soon after his death a newly born infant died in the hour of its birth. The mother struggled heroically through these new miseries, but when health and activity had come back, not- only tho past few years of prosperity were gene, but the furniture must go too, and thc apartments must be given up. All this came to pass. Looking about for a new anchorage the widowed mother bethought herself of an old school mate in St. Louis, to whom she communicated her situation. The school mate requested her to come to St. Louis, where she would find ample field for o'er* accomplishments. With a hopeful heart the poor mother started for St. Louis, being obliged to carefully nurse the oldest of her chil? dren all the way, he Having- been some? time ailing. Three days after lier arrival in St. Louis thc boy died and before she could fairly look around- the remaining child bore the stamp of the grave in his sweet little face. Ile simply appeared to wither away, and never spoke except to call for his brother and his papa. The stricken woman was unable to attend this last link to the grave, being confined to what must seem her death bed'. She arose, however, but the bright golden hair that in days gone by fell about her like a- cloud of sunshine was now as white as the driven snow. The hair faded and the beauty somewhat, but the heart of oak was as staunch as of yore, and, as events have since proven, so completely seasoned that to-day it yearns to bear the sorrows of other hearts besides its own. And this sweet faced Sister of Mercy seen in the Hock Island Depot yester? day morning is that white haired, oaken hearted mother who was unable to sec her darling boy laid under the sod. She became a convert to the Catholic Church, entered thc convent and be? came a member of the band' of holy women who gave her the accomplish? ments by which she was enabled to bear up against poverty and wa.ut . And she is cheerful, and hopeful and stout? hearted.-Chicago Neus. ---^ Mutilated Coins. The article which bas been going thc rounds of the press (and which was recently published by us) to the effect that"^?hs?^>Covernmeut had issued a seale of disco ti nlT?b-^ijl coins with holes in them, or otherwise mlirrfe-cd, turns out to be a hoax. Business men b"^ came uneasy, and actually began tc refuse them. The editor of the Siates j ville Landmark wrote to the Treasury Department in regard to the matter, and the following is the reply: SIR-Your letter of the 12th instant, asking whether the government has fixed the value of silver coins with holes punched in them, has been re? ceived. ^ In reply I have to inform you thal this department has fixed no specific value on the coins in question, aud that there is no provision of law or reg? ulation of the department for the re? demption of any coins so mutilated as to be unfit for circulation. Such coins may be disposed of as bullion at theil bullion value, which would, of course, be less than face value and would var) according to degree of mutilation. J. K. UPTON, Assistant Secretary. Most of the street-car companies in New York and the elevated railway companies have issued orders directing J their employes not to receive mutilates coins in payment of fares. It seem; that the punching and 'clipping' o silver coins has become a regular busi? ness with a class of petty rascals, wh( expend more labor in'stealing a dollai I in this way than would suffice to carr j the same amount if applied to some I honest purpose. The Manhattan New? Cum puny has also refused- to receiv< mutilated ccin. One of tho officers o; thc company recently took a bagful o small coins of the face value of $100 tc the United States mint, and the bulliot j value was found to be only $79. Ht I then sold them to a broker for ?95, wh< j will no doubt put them into circulatior j again at the first opportunity. When to Plant Fruit Trees -o Fruit trees may be planted witto sue cess either in the Fall or Spring. W< j have had no difficulty in planting a I either season of the year. We thin! that generally the farmer has mon time in the Fall than in the Spring but it is not the best time to move th< trees till about the first* of November and they should be deuuded.of leave; before moving. The next importan operation is in digging the holes. Toi many dig them like post holes, remov tog the smallest amount of dirt possji)!' ami then crowding iu the re-v-ts. S boule the trees die undr such treatment, a: they may be expected to do, thc blam< is placed anywhere but where it be? longs. The holes should be made so as to re ceive t!ie roots in the same form ant order as they grew before being trans? planted, and if anything a little deeper. Thc centre of the pit where the trc< rests should be higher than the sides- < little soil thrown and made into tin form of a mound; then raise thc rvots am grasping thestem of the tree and the root; gathered round it in one hand; have youl a! tat da nt throw in tue earth while yoi let the roots down into tue soil in tin position in which they originally grew Continue this till the roots are all dispos ed of, then press the s<>il down llrmlj around them, leaving the earth aroum the rords a little higher than you intent have it remain. This will settle s' that i;; the spring ye:i may have little ti remove. ii you have loam fro ni th1 bottom of :.-n olci stone fei;c? . it is ?JCS Lo usu :' in immediate, contact With tin routs. We have always found ?:::<!. ; little extra labor expended in planting meets with its reward in tire thrift-; manner in which thc trees grow, uni the greater certainty of their living Thc same rules of netting ont wi! applV, whether the work is performe in the f:ill or spring. There is no ; lac .:; tho fa rs.? where extra work pay better than in seitin;; out tr-..es. The Missouri Llypublleau states tua the United States standard dollars c 112.'; grains, valued at thc rate at wilie! uiver circulates in Frauen concurrent) with gold to the extent of nearly $(?, f?O?;uOU; would be worth 103.6 cents. ? " EDINBURGH. J ? -o . The Scsvctitorif at, Holyrood ATPoey j Thc Gallery at ITohjrood-Mon/ S ?rl?s Residence-Thc Foie of Riz: - The Chapel Royal-The Mon wents io Scott, Burns and Licir> st. ne. [Corresponde:!cc Detroit Free Press.J EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND.-At the ft of the slope ot' thc Canongatc street ??o?yrood palace. The old abbey, wi its ?rounds, buildings and sand ary, lies opposite to the main entran of the palace. Soldiers are now que tered in the abbey yard, and sent? tn pace the bread- gateway loading to t Ulterior. THE SANCTUARY'. *A*n advocate has an office upon" o side and conspicuously advertise 'pr tectioDs issued.' With a view to asee tuinirjg for what classes of offences ai bow much of the privilege of sanctua i thc Scottish law still allowed to the i closure of Holy rood Abbey, I tried ti door, but found it closed. The lan lord of the abbey inn assured me th certain bounds were still a protects and a safeguard to impecunious debtor an ! not a-few who either could not, would not, meet their obligations, four sanctuary here. They take lodging and accommodations within the precinc but they are required to pay in advanc or tc give security for payment. The landlord bad-a-story of a ccrtai ' scapegrace, who by a more or lees pr longed resideuce within the abbey pr cioct, had acquired the confidence of I city tailor to the extent of several sui j of clothes, which he afterwards objecte to paying for, and, relying on the prr ilexes of the sanctuary, laughed at h creditor A citation to the court taugl him a icsson, the judge deciding th: debts contracted by one in Holyroc must be paid or the debtor go to prisoi .; the sanctuary not being intended as j shelter for the carryiug out of swindlin operations. There is a decision extant coverin another phase of tjje privilege of sanc? tuary at Holyrood. Those who ava themselves of it have the freedom < , the city, so to speak, on Sundays unt ? 9-o'clock at night. An individua who had means but lacked the dispos tion to pay his debts, lived in the abbe . precincts during the week and Sunday walked tho streets of Edinboro1 as bol<j ly, and diverged himself with as Hui , Tcaf cf tho bailiffs, as the most worth citizens. ^Guiulnff assurance as tin: went on he paid ??tt?e ?Tre^i-OD- itr--th clock but sought his retreat of tho Afc boy at such hours as suited his conven ience. which not frequently was we! ; toward the dawning of the day. . Thc ofiicers of the law, advised c . these goings on, set a trap fur hin; The debtor escaped the trap and rai . with all the speed for the sanctuar} . Down the hard streets, through narrow 1 defiles of tall old houses with quain . projecting stories, the fugitive hast . cued, the bailiffs close behind. Th : pursuit was hot, and one more ste; 5 would have cleared him. when he stum . bled at the Abbey bounds. His body from the girdle upwards, rested withii r the sanctuary when he fell ; but bi feet were held by the panting baili IT on the city side. Despite his protests threats and struggles, causing many ; ! window to open and night-capped bea? j to protrude, the bailiffs secured thei r prisoner and snugly locked him up ii [ 31 id-Lothian jail. ; At his trial the judges held that tin f arrest was illegal, the nobler portion o . tko body being within the sacred bound: j of the abbey, and when it came to ques . tions of head or heels, heads must win ! *It holds for good law yet," said th; > landlord' 'though ? hoar it urrnd tba ; j there are places where a man's feet an j of more service to him than his head f as, fur instance, in a well.' f 'Or in a walking match.' j The landlord looked at mc sharp ! ly. 'You are either from London oi 2 America. With all respect fur youi ) country, we're not fools enough to en j courage walking matches here.'' So lhere is another point to score foi Scotland. ? TIIE GALLERY AT HOLYROOD. Admission to Holyrood Palace i's had - by tickets purchased at thc porter'? 3 room for a shilling, with coupons for t the gallery, the 'presence chambers,' i Queen Mary's private apartments and 5 the chapel royal. ; The picture gallery contains portraits i of the Scottish kings from the earliest , period down to James I. of England. ? I forget who it was that said, looking t at these pictures, that the Scottish kings > were conspicuous for bottle noses. To - me they seemed to have some variety in i ! nasal features, as well as in color of 1 j hair, the canvases showing severally s i black, blonde, brown, auburn and most 2 i pronouncod red. But, contrary to thc - J received physiological theories, the long j department royal Sect?, of whatever - i color of hair, exhibited a vronderful 1 j sameness of complexion This may be - accounted for by thc fact that the por ? traits, except those of a half a dozeu - latter kings-, were painted" by contract i by a German artist, who doubtless >1 economised hy mixing enough Hush 1 tints for the whole batch of pictures, ? ? upwards of 100 tu number, at the one i" j time. * I MARY STCA-KT'S RESIDENCE. * j The royal apartments are kept in . : much thc same way as they were when " ! oecupiedby Queen Mary. Un ti. ; -.vails \ : are tapestry hangings w:ih we?l-exocul: j ! ed figure pieces, mostly ut" cherubs des 1 I noiliiig fruit, trees and reveling in their 1 i plunder. The brighter tints have I faded, dull gr -'-tts. bi. vviis .-nd grays i: alone rcn aiuir.g Thc slate ned wit!. f' its silken coverings and its ; -il 1 canopy ?; of .silks, braids--ami tassels, :r<;?.v mere !l ' shred; and patches, gives some idea of '?its fermer grandeur. Its last oeca V j pant was Prince Charles I'M ward. . ? A throne platform and several chairs ? i in the room, as well as thc bcd, arc iu ' . closed bv curds to protect them fruin the despoiling hands of the sight-seen ;' " . p."(rt the tapestry from pillage thc aiL ii . ::.;'> :;ro on the alert, but I have not wholly defended it. as the ap ( pcamrjee cf many -.iaecs darned and ro '.- ' paired., would show. [j ? TH B h'.\T'? OK. K1ZZI0. y I M.o~t interest attaches to thc private -j apartments of "(?ttc.cn Mary; her dre.^s I in<^ room, iu au odd curucr ul thc north east tower, hardly the size of a respect? able kitchen closet ; thc room close by where the little supper party" was so rudely disturbed and from whence Itiz zio was dragged forth to meet his death near thc farther threshold cf the State Chamber; its tapestried walls and crim? son hung canopies. The private stair? way following the curve of the tower through which Darnley and thc assass? ins gained the supper room, is gloomy and dark enough. The story has been told so often that standing in the very apartment, meager enough in its fur- j nishings, one seems to see the startled I supper guests, thc shrinking musicians, I the furious conspirators, the straggling I Queen, and all' the turmoil and con- I fusion of the scene. At the farther entrance to the pre? sence chamber in a dark corner behind ( tlie door, the attendants will point out j some faint spots as the blood of l?izzio. ! But if you'question thens they will not authenticate the fact, but tell thc tale as it was told to them. Rizzio fell and died at that particular place, and Queen Mary caused a new partition to be con? structed across the presence chamber to shut the direful spot from view. The ! critical observer will discover that a ? new floor has replaced the one trodden by thc 'perturbed' spirits of Mary Stu? art's court, thereby settling the blood stains question. THE CHAPEL POYAL. The Chapel Royal of Holryrood ad? joins thc palarc. It is a* roofless ruin, with crches and monuments yet remain? ing which measurably illustrate its former architectural beauty. The ques? tion of restoriug it bas been often-raised. There are so many ruined and forsaken churches in the British Isles that it is doubtful if anything will be done beyond ] preserving the chapel from further decay. MONUMENTS. The finest monument in Scotland, perhaps the finest in the world com? memorating an author, is that to Sir Walter Scott. It stands conspicuously on one side of Princes street, the public gardens being on the other side. Its tall gothic pinnacles, enriched with statues of many notable characters de? picted by the imagination of Scott, towers up to a great hight, sharp cut, white and clear. It is a subject for much regret that the youthful genius who conceived it died before its com? pletion. The monument to Burns is neither so costly or so" well designed as that of ??ott. It stands on" higher grcr.^d in anotl?er^qi?r^r Jlfj/Jc city, jTsreef mcund crowned by a srna?TTo?Tii remple in the antique style. The interior con? tain autograph letters, pictures and me? mentoes of Burns, upon thc whole, an i n te res t ; n g collect io n. Scotland has done honor io those of her sons whose achievements have made them worthy. Among thc newer statues is ooo to David-Livingstone, de? picting him as dressed and equipped for his exploring and missionary labors, thc sextant at his feet, thc Bible in his hand, his gaze toward Africa. vriP1? Bob Ingersoll cn Stingy Men. ---0 I despise a stingy mau. I do not see how it is possible for a man tedie worth ?5,000,000 or ?10,000,000 in a city full of vant, when he meets" almost every day the withered hand of beg? gary and thc white lips of famine. How a man can withstand all that and hold in the clutch of his hand ?:20,000.000 or ?30,000,000, is past my comprehen? sion. I do not see how he can do it. I should not thiuk he could do it any more than he could keep a pile of lum? ber when hundreds of thousands were drowning in thc sea. Do you know I have known men who would trust their wives with their hearts and homes, but not with their pocket-books-not with a dollar. When I see a mau of that kind, ? always think he knows which is the most valuable. Think of making your wife a beggar ! Think of her ask? ing you every day for a dollar, or two dollars, or to humbly beg for fifty cents. 'What did you do with that dollar I gave you T Think of having a wife that is afraid of you. What kind of children do you expect to have with a beggar and a coward for a mother? Oh, I tell you, if you have but a doiiar in the world, and you have to spend it, spend it like a kiug ; spend it as if it were a dry leaf, and you the owner of an unbounded forest. That's the way to spend it. I had much rather be a beggar and spend my money like a beg? gar. If it's got to go, let it go. Get the best you can for your family, and look thc best yourself When you used to go courting how nice you looked. Ah. your eye was bright, your step was light, rrnd you just put on the vcr}' best you could. Do you kuow that it is insufferable egotism in you to sup? pose that a woman is going' to love you always, looking as bad as you can T Think of it! A>ny woman on-earth will be true to you forever when you do your level best. According to Mr. Watts, of Laurens. An?rura croats are our great reliance. Dogs do not meddle with them. They arc remarkably health}' and prolific, mature carly, begin to breed at one year old, are as large as sheep, and yield a valuable fleece; their flesh is equal to venison, minion, beef or pi : ; they weigh about as much as sheep, and consume about as m neb ':"".! : tin ir manure is very much like and quito as good as the sheep. They had ratler browse th at! graze-rating ..i>*d?es, briar, weeds and-som "im 5 grass : !??r?ce do well ct: ?he :-inm p:;s? Mtv wi rh si 'Cp without interfering with each o ?I ?.er's food, :i< the s! en coi?f?nc themselves almost entirely to gr: ss. -mmm*> ?????- -<Ei?- - - -- The Danbury Alv.- tells of a cat be? ing chloroformed to death, buried in thc garden, anda rosebush plan-red over ifs remains. 'The next morning the cat appeared at the dem- to he let in, and had thc rosebush under :!s arm.5 The A'?.//:.: uia<! has josi received our prom? ised prize of ftlO.OO?i for the most beau? tiful lie in rife world; - fer*',1 CV .h. ir.ni/. Wo can beat that. Wc kuow a cat that was drowned in th" creek. Next day the cat appeared at tho back window with the creek in :ts back. WkiteliaU Tim><. Tilo Jersey Cow. [Winasboro News anti Uer.?!-1.] Thinking thai some of your th? readers may wish to hear tivy exj: ence with this noted breed of bu cows, I shall briefly state it. I gan the breeding* of the thorough!} .Jerseys in 1876, and hare folio-, it persistently ever since. On investigation of the grounds, 1 Ii decided that the Jersey is thc com farmer's cow, and that, when this , should come to be generally rccog ed, she would be sure to como to front. I'p- to that time (1^76) was generally considered as har more tl?an a fancy animal, or a .'gen man's cow." My theory was t the Jers'y must before many ye demonstrate lier economical value Clearly that- tho iaticy demand wo become insignificant compared *? the utilitarian con;maud. The cv lias already shown that the the wes well founded, and there is rous to believe that five years more > show that 1 have greatly undcrestii ted the chance. The result of my J soy business has been entirely sa factory. It is pleasant to see that breed'is now very generally reece zed as not only of thc best bun making, but is concluded to be most Initter-makiug cow*. If is g erally allowed that no other cow v produce so much butter out of a of hay as a good Jersey, and* that other cow will give thc butter st good quality. Ten years- ago, Jersey was high priced, becai gentlemen wanted her for their law To day she is still higher-priced, cause she is recognized as thc foun< j of the comiaic race of butlerme cows.- Ten years ago the high pr depended on the deer-like look, day it depends on such excellency butter qualities as will lead tc 1 greatest improvement of the race practical purposes. Four huncln six hundred, and even one thousa dollars, is frequently paid for a J soy, combining with some lan points or very famous strain of bloc a good butter yield ; but leaving c fancy color and neted pedigree, good registered Jersey cow will day bring at least four times the pri of a good native. Why is it that ? Jersey has como to out rank the i live lour or five times to one, and stand on an equality with any tl roughbrcd in the world ? it because the Jersey is the most pro able producer of thc best butter, ti ' th cr ? c4?? m n g_ej?u ms a reji^l ?^ath? ted hy those who have mest fairly a thoroughly investigated the merits this breed : Thc Jersey is a thoroughbred a possesses, as fully as any other ti roughbrcd, capacity to respond feed, beyond the amount required 1 j thc daily repairs for thc wastes oft body, and will make this return butter, as surely as the short-ho will make it in beef, or thc Ayrcsb! in milk. The Jersey* being thorotrgubre can be depended on, to transmit breeding, in most cases thc gm qualities of one parent, in many eas those of botii parents, and very cfo thc best qualities of remote as well immediate ancestors. The color of the Jersey butter better, the year round, and on ; i kinds of food; that! that of any otb j breed. Thc Jersey makes more bi i ter ?ii proportion to her size and fee Having smaller body, she has ? much less to build up in youth, ai to support and repaii day by day. The Jersey comes in at fro eighteen to twenty months, thus ma lug a saving, over most other breed of a year of iced, handling and pr lection. The Jersey", as a rule, goes dry shorter period than any other breed many produce butter and calve without cl ry i up; o if. Thc Jersey wi stand more corn and other wfntc grain feeding without getting fa ?he will put the oil into her bag, ral: cr than into her carcass. Thc Jersey has shown herself t well ?'ted to thrive in our climat and on all kinds of food as any bree: and some she surpasses: ?he lui hereditary thoroughbred tendencit which entitle her to the favor of scies tifie breeders. Tho quality and e: tent of lier butter-yield arc piacin her highest in the estimation of butte; makers-and thc beauty of her joint and colorings will make her unrivale in American lawns. The short-hoi* j would never have reached a ny thin; like its present high scale ov price.* on any laney basis. What gives th great value in the short horn, th Jersey or any other breeding stock is that little stipcr-cxceiience of practical character ' which promises lasting improvement in all posterity A- few years ago, at our fans the Jei soys occupied- a few retired pens where they were snubbed as starve lings by tiie beef-cattle judges, uu< stared at as Alderney's by a careles crowd. .Now they outnumber al oilier thoroughbreds at our lairs I Tile}' have judges who are experts ii ! the breeds, and they 'nave Come fahr ! to the front in public interest. Tin 1 chango Ins been Very great am ; matiy causes have combined lu brim ! it about-ali these working solely b} > the education of the public as to lin ; rca! practical merit ol'the In ced. .... . . i tr.-, character's!"ic description o ! tho Jersey Cow is useful to the . ich j as weil as a ?fTcal blessing" to tuc ? poor. J.1? TtUNi-ii:. SUNNYSIDE -FAUM, Sept. '2.1, ISSI. Railroad Regulations. j The Associated .??..es.'ot tl;o Carolina; j have issued-MI order to the fol lo wi nt ' effect. No conductor shall smoke ci I chew tuba eco \\ hilo on duty, cr drini : any ::?i:r'ts : or indulge i? conversatioi I with any passel ger except en business ! ff ho accepts a cigar from a passen get . he must forfeit twenty live coots to tin ! com pan v. Lastiv he shall wear a e.ni term witlmui packets: and shalt carry : satchel suspended from the shoulder; ii : which to phi o ali tickets or money: ' collected. rjmier the opera?mii of fbi: law the efficient conductor will bo abh j to rival tho circus as a 'groat moral ex? hibition/ To Save her Brother. Spending too-JIachThne ?a Sav?njr'?.?fe Nettie Corraz went to play with her j three little brothers and two- other ch il- j dren on Indian Hill Monday- afternoon, j She would have been 10 years old next ? Sunday. Indian Hill is not. high but j its ten affords a' 2ne outlook upon j Mofrat's pond and Ridgewood, N J, ! When the six children got tired of play- j i i ri g on the hill they went down to play ! j on thc trestle work. There is no struc- j turo above tba rails. and no footpath j beside them, but there is opportunity . for an agile person to take refuge from ! thc single track when a train passes on j the projecting ends .of the tius. The j tics are only three or four feet above \ I the shallow water beucath them, and i ! for the most of the woy the trestlcwork ! j is built ever dry ground. Mr. Wake- j I enan, a neighbor, saw rho children, and j I ordered them oif. and Mrs. Morris, an- j ? other neighbor, sent special word to the ! ! children that the train which "leaves Montclair at 5:05 o'clock would come along and kill them all unless they went away. They were near thc south end of the bridge. At 5 :08 the train thun? dered'along through the cut, around tho curve, arid'dewn cn to the bridge. The engineer saw the cbwUferi, put' on thc brakes, and' reversed his engine, but it waa impossible to stop' trie' train suddeuly on such a grade. All the children except Nettie and her brother George, who is a bo tit 4 years oi'dv scrambled out on the cuds of thc ties. She saw that he could not be trusted to cling to the tics, and that he must be dropped through between ties' to' thc dry ground beneath. Thc little fellow was afraid and clung to tue timbers. This delayed her only a fevrv- seconds, but she did not have even a second to sparc. It is doubtful even whether she pushed him clear through. Ile was found afterward alive and well on the ground beneath, but he says he touched the cars when they went over him. When she sprang away toward the end of a tie it was too late. Her body was beyond the track, but her left leg was severed at thc thigh and the other crush? ed below thc knee. * The train was brought to a stop a moment afterward, and thc engineer, with tears in his eyes, helped pick her up. She'did not lose consciousness. .Oh I'm killed I' she exclaimed. 'What, will mamma say V She died one hour after the accident.-?Y. 1". Sun. South Carolina at Yorktown. Thc following are the ofiicers of th> Ceutcnr.ial Bataillon which will repre? sent the State at the Torktown Cele? bration : Colonel, Hugh S. Thompson, of lliehland ; Lieutenant-Colonel, L: de B. MeCrady, of Charleston ; Major, H. ?.. DuBose, of Kershaw : Adjutant, John P. Arthur, of lliehland ; Quarter-mas? ter, ll. D. Lee, of Sumter; Coromis sarv, C. II. Sloan, of Greenville ; Surgeon, Br A. X Tally, of Richland : Assistant Surgeon, Dr. A. W. Burnet, Jr., of Kershaw. The following companies will com? pose the Batallion : The Gordon Light Infantry of Winr.sboro', Capt. W. G. Jordan. The Lee Light Infantry of Chester, Capt. J. K. Marshall. The Butler Guards of Greenville, Capt. Waddy Thompson. The Sumter Tiight Infantry of Sum? ter, Capt W. ll Dolgar. The Governors Guards of Columbia, Capt. Willie Jones. The Richland Volunteers of Colum? bia, Capt. R. N. Rich bourg. The German Fusiliers of Charleston, Capt. Henry Scbacte. The Washington Light Infantry of Charleston, Capt. A. W*. Marshall' The Abbeville, RiScs of Abbeville, Capt. M. L. Bonham. Jr. The Palmetto Ri?es of Aiken, Capt. W. W. Williams. It has crt yet been decided whether the Battalion wiii' carry one or two colors, but it is certain that one of them will be iiie National flag. No decision has been made in regard tc the other, if other ?here will be. Our Distinguished Citizen's Little Trouble. A Nev/ x erk special says : Franklin J. Moses, former Governor of South' j Carolina, was arrested and locked up ' at police headquarters this evening on the charge of swindling William S. Hall, a retired hotel keeper, who lived | at No. 4 East Tenth street. Mr Hall j was swindled out of ?2.?00 in June j last by Flin White, the notorious con-j ?dence man. While was arrested on j June ]?.. Two days Inter Meses called j on Mr. Hr.!?, and after introducing him- J self as a law vcr by thc name of Has- j sans, l.-e offered to give Mr. [Tail' infor? mation by which the money could be | recovered. JT?e said that White's wife j boarded with his mother, and i?ac in her trunk diamonds and other property j worth the amount taken from Mr. Hall, j If Mr. Hall would give him ?25, he! said-, he would procure a search-warrant j ant! get the property belonging to I White's wife. Mr. Hall gave him ?25, j and Moses went away never to return. | While was afterward convicted and scot j to prison for live years. To-uay Mrs. | Hal! saw Moses on KlcventL street, I and informed Inspector Barnes. I Ie was i arro, ed this evening at. No. S5 West Eleventh street. At police headquar? ters Moses expressed adestr? seule the matter by paving "Sir. liait ?35. but both Mri. rani Mrs. Mail said they were doscrniiued to prosecute lum:. Th.' fblWiug is told of John iv i-an . hdl. thc editor ol the Augusta (tia.) ' 'hrt'i 'a: lie attended one day a col . red church the country, ami had iii his pocket a silver half dolla", jost the fare back to Augusta. At the coneh: sier! of his sermon, the minister cree:ed a Collection for his own beue'it. 'Ol course," sai'1, he, '! "speers every pusson to give somcthin' ; bu? IVe told dat Mr. Thomas un 'h: ?-i?e yonder had some ;;::';.'\s ..!..',_. friday night. I don't ' want a:. Y mall wno hal a. h O.K." in Steal-: iii" dcm un keys to put any money in ' de hat.' When rho hat reached Mr. ?audall not a man had refused to con? tribute, and ?ho preacher's eyes were ?on him His half-dollar weft into tho hat. NEWS ITEMS. Tho apple crop in Virginia is unus? ually large. The French delegates to the York? town Centennial arrived at New York last Wednesday. Marvin. tTl3 bigamist and forger, plead guilty to both charges and v?as sentenced to ten years in the peniten? tiary. Tho er..-:es cf the Star Route thieves were begun at Washington on Tuesday. A postponement of one day was obtain? ed. President Arthur is the only man elected Vice President who had never * previously been a member of either House of Congress. ?t is now estimated that the total re? ceipts in money by the Southern plant? ers for this year's crop will exceed those of last year. The increase of price will make up for the decrease of production. Two Virginians are making' canes from the small timber which has beea growing around" Washington's birth? place. The canes will- be sold at the Yorktown Centennial. The Colleges at Due West opened last Monday. Erskine College with fifty students, and the Female College with seventy. A good beginning for the str?ngencey of thc times. Fifty members of thc third class of caders at Annapolis have been sent aboard punishment ship for shamefully hazing thc newly enter.d fourth class. They doubtless think it a first class hard ship. Dispatches from various points in tho Northwest represent a heavy rise in thc rivers, owing to long continued rains-, and that much hay agd wood have been washed away. Farmer? are suffering seriously. An oil train on tie Erie Railroad took fire at Delaware river bridge, near Port Jarvis, N. J., on the 5th. Fifteen tank cars and contents were destroyed, telegraph wires melted down and the rail? road track badly damaged; The Atlanta Cotton Exposition was' opened on the 5th, and the full pro? gramme was carried cut, thousands of people being present. Everything is most favorable, and the Exposition starts out under very auspicious circumstan? ces. The statisticians ire now willing to' conceede that there will be a wheat sur? plus of ot least 100,000,000 bushels ia* Tnis^country at the service of the needy elsewlierSw _It wil^drfce^aJredL_fl54 h will bring tobins country at least $150,000,000 of foreign gold. Dispatches from all parts of New England, on October 5th, indicate the thermometer below the freezing point and considerable damage done to crops, i At Stowe, Yt., it began to snow in the forenoon, and the fruit was frozen on the trees. South Carolina is probably the only State in the Union that can point with pride to two ex-Govcrnerssimultaneously in the clutches of the law. R. K. Scott is in trouble for murder; Franklin Jv Moses is in jail for swindling a citizen' in the paltry sum of twenty-five dollars. Daniel Chamberlain is the next in order. This is a good time to recall the fact .that it was red shirt straigbtout, Bour? bon Democracy that saved this State from having Scott, Moses, Chamber? lain, Elliott, Whipper, Gleaves, Whittc more and their friends ruling her affairs' .and sitting on her bench, and replaced them with Hampton, Hagcod, Simpson, Mciver, Jeter, Kershaw and their kind.-Greenville Neics. Two vcars aso the banks of New York city held ^20,000.000 in gold, and there was in thc United States Treasury, say ?150,000,000. Accord? ing to the latest returns the banks now held ?o5.0C0;3C0 and thc Treasury $.170,000.000 This shows what has become of ?05.000,000 of the 265,000, 000. The rest is supposed to have been- absorbed by the West and South; ; Hon. J' ti. Evins, M. C , who went on to Washington City and to Cleve? land, Ohio, to attend'the funeral cbsc-' quies of President Gai Geld, returned home on lase Saturday. Ile says no such demonstration of -?ny kind has be? fore been held ia-America as was wit? nessed in Cleveland, trie crowd bsicg variously estimated at from '250.000 to 800,0 0\ According to thc request' of Victoria of England, asking of Mrs. Garfield a photograph; cf her late husband, the metrare was yesterday shipped to Her Majesty by Mr. J. F. Ryder, the photo? grapher. Pt is the same size as thc enc thstr hangs in the catafalque; is silver' tinted atid elegantly framed. Thepho m?rraph sent to the Queen is considered'' by Mri Garfield the best photograph ever taken of her husband.-Cleveland (Oi) io) Herald. F.>ur hundred and forty-two of thc' farmers who deal with Greenville have paid for their fertilizers without ques-' tion, and their notes arc not due vet. These men represent Greenville, lau? rens. Anderson, Picken?, Ocoucc and ?partan burg counties. They arc square men and true men, and there arc many more like thom who have not I been heard from yet, bat soon will be. j -(>'.-w ? ville Xsies. j A report that John B. Lyon, the I heaviest shipper of corn in the Chicago ; market, was short about 7.000,000 of j bushels-, created almost a panic on Charme on Tuesday, lie was said tc ; Imve 'Leen called on for 1,000,000 mar M??n iii?rhr. a ter business hours, and lo h.:ve failed to respond. This fact ur..! rho action of the Hoard of Directors ! fixing the marginal price of cern atsix ! tv-two cents broke the backbone of thc j corn market, and ail other grains sold j down in sympathy. j A movement is on foot in tho Fast j looking toward the organization of a 1 Divorce Insurace Company, the coa?pa ' nv proposim: to insure newly married' j couples against future legal separation : i:j amounts ranging from ?1,000 to : ?-5.0*uv <>?l such extraordinary risks : tho prices of policies must naturally ; ?onie so high that uonc but the wealthy ! eau secure them.