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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at. be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established ?Tune, 1866. Consolidated Aug. 2, 1881.1 SUMTER, S. C., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1881. Sew Series-Yoi. I. Xo. 12. lien i? A fr or 9~ Von rs. Published every Tuesday, -BT THE Watchman and Southron Publishing Company, SUMTER, S. C. Tzr.MS : Two Dollars per annum-in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS. One Square, first insertion.$1 00 Every subsequent insertion. 50 Contracts for three months, or longer will be made at reduced rates. All communications which subserve private interests will be charged for as advertisements. | ~~ Obitaano'a'B?^r?outeT Ol l?SpU?T will be charged for. Marriage notices and notices of deaths pub? lished free. For job work or contracts for advertising address Watchman and Southron, or apply at the Office, to N. G. OSTEEN, Business Manager. WILMINGTON, COLUMBIA AND AUGUSTA R. R. ON and after May 15th, 1881, the following schedule will be run on this Hoad : KIO BT KXPRE& AND MAIL TRAIS. (Daily) (Noa. 47 Wert and 4S Ea*L) Leave Wilmington.'.10 05 p m Arrive at Florence..". 2 25 a na Leave Florence.-. .... .. .. 2 40 a m Leave Sumter............... -.. -... 4 0$ a m Arrive at Columbia....................... 6 0(1 a m Leave Columbia..-.~~._.........JO 00 p m Leave Sumter_.._--...._12 OS a m Arrive at Florence-..................... 1 40 a m Leave Florence.......... 2 00 a m Arrive at Wilmington--.- 6 20 a m This Train stops only at Brinkley's, White ?Hie, Flemington, Fair Bluff, Marion, Florence, Timcnonsville, Mayesville, Sumter, Camden Jonction and Eastover. TDRO'JGn ?RE1GHT TRAIS. Zz'?j, except Sundays. Leave Florence..._..-...12 25 a m Leava Sumter.~_ 3 13 a m Arrive at Columbi*.......... 6 25 a m Leave Columbia.-- .._- 5 00 p m Leave Sumter..-......_ . S 20 p m Arrive at Florence. ....... ll 10 p m LOCAL FREIGHT-(Daily except Sunday.) Leave Florence. -_.. 3 50 p m Arrive st Sumter-Lie over. 7 50 p m Leave Sumter_...... ?.. 7 30 a m Arrive at Columbia ....................... ll 00 a m Leave Columbia...... ............... 3 15 a m Arrive at Sumter-Lie over. 8 00 p m i Leave Sumter-.?.?._ 6 00 a m Arrive at Florence. . 12 00 m A. POPE, G. P. A. JOHN F. DIVINE, General Sup'L_ South Carolina Railroad, ^ CHANGE OF SCHEDULE. ^ N AND AFTElt SEPTEMBER 4th. ISSI. B V/ Passenger Trains on Camden Branch will Kr an as follows, until further notice : KAST TO COLUMBIA-DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAYS. ^?Leave Camden.. 7 45 a m ^^^eeve Camden Junction. $ 50 a m ^ Arrive at Columbia.10 55 a m WEST TROJI COLUMBIA-DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAYS. Leave Columbia............ 5 10 a m... 5 55 p m Arrive Camden Junction, ll Cl a ra... 7 32 p m Arrive at Camden_... 1 00 p m... S 37 p m ? AST TO CHARLESTON A SD ACCUSTA (Dai?y except Sundays.) Leave Camden....-.. 3 ?0 p m Leave Camden June'. 5 37 p m Arrive at Charleston.. 10 30 p m Arrive at Augusta-. 7 25 a tn" WEST FROM CHARLESTON ASP AUGUSTA. (Daily except Sundays.) Leave Charleston. 6 20 a ai Leave Augusta.-. 7 00 p su Arrive Camden June'.ll 01 a m Arrive at Camden. 1 00 p ni C?S?TECTI-'SS. Columbia Bud Greenville Railroad o>tb way.?, for all points on that Road and on the Spar? tanburg. Union and Columbia and Spartanburg and Ashville Railroads, also willi tho Char. lotte, Columbia and Augusta, Railroad to and from all points North by trains leaving Camden at 7 15 a nj, and arriving at 8 37 p m. Connections made at Augusta, to all points *lTest and Sonia; also at Charleston with Steamers for New York and Florida-on Wed? nesdays and Saturdays. Oe Saturdays ROUND TRIP TICKETS are sold to and from ul! Stations at one first class fare for the round trip-tickets being good tili Monday noon, to return. Kxcurtdon tickets good for 10 days ?re regularly on sale to and from all stations at 6 cents per mile f\>r round trip. THKOUGII TICKETS to all points, can he purchased by applying to James J<?nes. Agent at Camden. D. C. ALLEN, General Passenger and Ticket Agenc JOHN B. PECK, General Sup t, Charleston, S. C Columbia, and Greenville Hail Eoad. PASSENGER -DEPARTMENT, COLUMBIA. S. C.. August 31. ISSI. ON AND AFTER THURSDAY, Septeuibtr 1st, ISSI, Passenger Trains will run as herewith indicated, upon this road and its branches-Daily except Sundays : No. 42 Up Passenger. Leave Columbia (A).ll 20 a m Leave Alston......... .12 26 p ru Leave Newberry._. 1 21 p sn Leave Hodges...-. 3 52 p in Leave Belton. 5 05 p m Arrive at Greenville. 6 27 p m No. 43 Down Passenger. Leave Greenville at. .10 33 a m Leave Belton-... ....II 57 a m Leave Hodgrs..'.-... 1 12 p m Leave Newberry. 3 47 p m Leave Airton._. 4 46 p tn Arrive at Columbia (F).. 5 50 pm SiiRTASBURG, ?M05 A COLUMBIA R. Ii. No. 42 Up Passenger. Leave Alston...........~T2 40 p m 'Leave Spartanburg, S U A C Depot (B) 4 03 p m Arrive Spartanburg RAD Depot (E) 4 12 p m No. .43 Down Passenger. Leave Spartanburg RAD Depot (II) 12 4S p m Leave Spartanburg S?iC Depot ( O ) I 07 p m Leave Union.-. 2 36 p m Arrive at Alston. 4 36 p m LAURENS RAIL ROAD. r- Leave Newberry... 3 55 p m Arrive at Laurens C. H. 6 45 p m Leave Laurens C- H. S 30 a tn ^ Arrive at Newberry.ll 30 a m ABBEVILLE BRANCH. ?eave Hodges....... 3 56 p m Rrrire at Abbeville. 4 46 pm Hsavc Abbeville.12 15 p va Pi^rrive at Hodges. 1 05 p m BLUE RmGB R. R- A ANDERSON BRANCH. Leave Belton-... 5 OS p m Leave Anderson. ........ 5 41 pm Leave Pendleton.-. 6 20 p m Leave Senaca (C). 7 20 p m Arrive at Walhalla. 7 45 p m Leave P/alballa_-. 9 23 a m Leave Seneca (D). 9 54 a m . Leave Pendleton.*.10 30 a m Leave Anderson..-.-..1112 am Arrive at Belton.ll 4S a m On and after above date through cars will be run between Columbia and Henderscnville with? out change. CONNECTIONS A-With South Carolina Rail Road fruin Charleston; with Wilmington Columbia A Au ^ustaR&from Wilmington and all points north .hereof; with Charlotte, Columbia A Augusta Rail Road from Charlotte and points north thereof. B-With Asheville A Spartanburg Rail Road for points in Western N. C. C-With A. A C. Div. RAL. R. R. for all points South and West. . D-With A. A C. Div. R. A D. R. R. from At laata and beyond. B-With A. A C. Div. R. A D- R. R. for all points South and West. F- With South Carolina Rail Road for Char? leston ; with Wilmington, Columbia A Augusta Rail Read for Wilmington and the North ; wi: h Charlotte, Columbia A Augusta Kail Itoad for Charlotte and the North. 9-With Asheville A Spartanburg Rail 3oad from Henderson vii ls. H-Witb A. A C. Div. R. A D. R. R. from Charlotte A beyond. Standard time used is Washington, D. C., a V'OA ie fifteen: minutes luster than Columbia. J. W. FRY, Sup't. A. POPE, Sen era! Passenger A g<>n t. August 30, im, tL THE PARTING LOVERS -o Goodnight, sweetheart! It can't oe ' know ; That clock had better "go a little slow !: I do not see how it can have thc face To take "new deals" at such a rapid pa Full well I know ten minutes have not Since it struck nine ! Good night, my my own I -"Good nifeht, Charlie 1" 0 yes ; last night, while going down B way, Who do you think I met? Jack Gray I Just home from Europe I You should 'Twould make a mummy laugh to see walk ! He struts around with such a killing air Ha ! Ha ! Good night, my love, ray rare 1 -"Good night, Charlie 1" 0 Kate ! wait, dear ! I forgot to tell You something. Let me think 1 T funny I Well, It's gone, and in a moment so am I. My darling, how-I hate to say good bye! Some fei!ow3 would much later stay I kn But"ten" your mother says; so I must g -"Good night, Charlie!" Sometimes, bewitching Kate-ah ! somet sweet "Good-by" shall we consider obsolete. No more will clocks strike terror to my hi And in exultant tones bid me depart. Ah ! now, like Cinderalla at the ball, 1 fly from happiness. Good night, my al -"Good night Charlie 1" O Katie, dear, is't too much trouble, thin To get a match ? I could not sleep a wini Without my smoke. It is a lovely night. So clear and sweet, and it is just as brigl As day. Well, I must tear myself away, Thanks, dear! Good night once more say; -"Good night, Charlie !" 0 dear I How stupid of me ! There's cane 1 must come back and get it I Should it ra To-morrow eve, will come and let you kn< About the party; if not we'll go. Hark Catch me ere I fall ! O what a shock It strikes again ! Good night ! Confound t clock ! -'-Good night, Charlie !" [Chicago Tiiwi From the Macon Telegraph and Messeog LETTER PROM EUROPI LDCERXE, SWITZERLAND, AUG. 14, 1880 Upon reaching Lucerne a day or t since, I found every hotel in the ph full to overflowing, and in the sub: quent scramble for rooms, my cont; with English and American travelh brought forcibly to mind the remark the native ot" Florida, who, when ask by a Yankee tourist, "What in t world the people of Florida live on replied "On fish and alligators in sui mer, and Yakees in the wiuter." T; diet of the Swiss differs only to th extent; that they live on Yaukecs ai English both winter and summer, the parlors and reading-rooms of tl elegant and spacious hotels, which bo ! der thc lake of Lucerne, it would r quire, but very little effort to iroagii yourself at a fashionable American w; tering place, so universally is the Englii language spoken-and English new papers predominate on the shelves aa tables. If, after mustering all yoi resources, you venture to address a she girl in Lucerne or Geneva in your be; French, thc reply is almost invariabl given in equally good (?) English : tl inference being apparent that it is rea considered a reflection upon th qualifications of this class of this cou munity to presume that they are nc conversant with the English language These remarks, however, would nc be strictly applicable to the more rc mote parts of Switzerland, in which have spout the last three weeks-a tou which was so full of interest and novel ty to me, that I have thought a shor letter in reference to it would not b devoid of interest to your readers. We left Paris the night after th great "national fete" and taking ; sleeping-car were landed in Geuev next morning, in time for breakfast. The French call their sleeping-car "wagonlits," which comes about a near being a translation of "sleeping car" as you could expect of a French man, and they afford a mest striking contrast in size and appearance, as wei as in comfort and elegance, to a Pull man palace sleeper. The one we rodi in was simply one of their ordinary rail way carriages cut up into four com partments. with an aisle running along one side of the car, into which the doon of these compartments opened, Foi a berth in one of these $tate-rooms, J was charged the modest sum of twenty six francs, or about $5 22. Whai would the railroad commission of Geor? gia say to such extortion ? However, it enabled me to make, in comparative com? fort, a journey which a few yea"S ago was neccessarily very tedious and dis? agreeable, and I found myself trans? ferred, as if by magic, from the gay streets of Paris to the quiet and lovely j shores of Lake Leman, j We spent only a day in Geneva, as the weather was oppressively warm, and we were anxious to get to cooler quarters. After traversing the whole length of the lake in one of the little steamers, we took the railroad niuning from the lake up the llhone Valley, which in a few hours, brought us to Brieg, the present terminus of the rail? road and the point of departure for car? riages going over the "Simpl?n Pass" into Italy. This quaint and picturesque little town is cheifly remarkable for its beau? tiful situation, and for its convenience as a starting-point for several very io j teresting excursions into the high Alps. j We therefore determined to make it our j head-quarters; and after a night's rest, j we prepared to ascend to thc "Bell-Alp ( Hotel," which is situated some four j thousand five hundred feet above the ? Khone Valley, and seveu thousand one j hundred and fifty feet above the level of I the sea As seen from Brieg, the hotel ap ! peared to be about the size of an ordt ! nary barn, and very much the same j shape, but we were assured that it con j tained about twenty rooms, and was j well kept and comfortable. So, after j telegraphing to secure rooms, we prc I pared to mount our steeds. Of course I we had to leave our trunks in the vai ley, and had packed all articles nc sary for our comfort into valises, ? posing that they would be carried hind us on mules, but we were soon formed that our baggage was too he for the mules to carry, and that it w< be necessary for us to have a poi As we knew this was simply an ex< for compelling us to employ ano: man, we at first demurred, but u learning that the man would carry three valises, besides a bundle of she and a heavy package of books, all way to thc top of the mountain for dollar, we thought it would be a ] made no further objection. I felt ? ry for the fellow at first, but he seer to think nothing of it, and woul( hear to our substituting for him a p mule; and as the mule to do the sa work, would have cost us double money, of course we let him have own way about it. The truth is, t among the beasts of burden in comn use in this country, the mule occuj thc first place in the estimation of people, and receives the tenderest c< sideration at their hands. Men co next in order, and last of all worn upon whom the great brunt of the h; work falls. The preliminaries being arrang? we took up our line of march in sin, file, the lady of the party being hon ed by a seat on one of the ugliest mu I ever saw, while we poor men had be content with horses. They said 1 reason of this arrangement was tl the mule was more sure-footed a steady, and before I got to the top the mountain I had reason to wish tl I had swapped my nag for a mule, even a cow, before I started. The pa for more than half of the way was horril rough and steep, and I hadn't gone vc far before I concluded that it was healt ier in that fine mountain air to wal so I dismounted and allowed my hoi to go as close to the edge of the pre< pice as he wished. When we left t valley I occupied the second place the procession, but after we had pass the worst part of the road, and I h; remounted my horse, I found myself the rear. This arrangement didn't si the aforesaid steed at all, for cither 1 was a very ambitious animal, else 1 had an especial affection for the leadit mule, and began to make demonstr tions which looked very much to me if he was going to try to pass Mr. M. horse in spite of all I could do, and thi regain his lost position. As the pal was rather narrow for such a perforn ance I felt considerable uneasiness, a though the guide said he was a vci well behaved horse, and of course th; ought to have quieted my apprehei sions. At last it began to rain a litt and I hoisted my umbrella, in doin which I gave him the opportunity he ha been looking for, and he actually mac a dash and rushed by the horse in fror of bim before I could stop him. Foi tunatcly the path was a little wider tha usual just at that point, and consequen' ly no harm resulted, but it was by n means a pleasant incident, and sine that time I have been very much dis posed to walk, even though offered th luxury of a mule instead if a horse. We reached the hotel after about iou hours and a half of this rough scramb ling, and found it full to overflowing The rooms are small and the ceiling very low, but the house is very wei kept and everything is as neat and cleai as one could wish. The fare is reall; excellent; and when I took iuto consid cration the fact that everything abou the house had to be brought over thi lovely road I have just described, I wa; amazed to see how thc difficulties hac been overcome, and how comfortable i hotel could be made away above th< clouds, as this one often is. I hav< never yet exactly made up my minc how they brought the piano which grace? the salo7i up from the valley, though 1 suppose a porter must have brought il on his back ; for I saw one with a full sized Saratoga trunk strapped on like a kuapsack, and when he put it down at the hotel door he didn't even draw a Ions breath. What would the average Georgia darkey, who contends that a man can't do hard work without his full allowance of a half pound of meat- a day, say to thc fact that these people never cat meat at all ? The day after we reached our lofty perch on the mountain side, the weath? er was beautifully clear and we enjoyed without stint the grand panorama of snow peaks all around us. The "great Aletsch glancier," by far the largest in the Alps, and many times larger than the celebrated Mer de Glace at Cha moix, is in full view for upwards of ten miles of its length, and looks like a great river which, lashed into gigantic waves and rushing ruadlj down the valley, has been suddenly frozen and stopped forvever. Everything around you in thc Alps is on such a magnifi? cent scale that you are deceived about the distances of objects from you, in spite of all allowances you may try to make. This glacier, for instance ap? pears to be but a few hundred feet below the hotel, and yet you can hardly dis? tinguish with the naked eye a party of men crossing it, even after your atten? tion has been called to the spot where they arc ; and rocks lying en the sur? face of the ice, which appear to be mere pebbles, are to reality gigantic bould? ers. This deceptive appearance was forcibly illustrated and brought home to us on thc day after wc reached the "Bell Alp." We had about an hour to dispose of before dinner, and we con? cluded it could not be better spent than by going down the path to the glacier and taking a little walk on its surface not having thc least idea but that wc could accomplish thc distance and re? turn within thc hour. The path led in zigzags down thc face of au almost perpendicular precipice, and we hadn't gone very far before we saw that wc had underestimated the distance. We didn't seem to bc any nearer the bot? tom than when we started: but, after a consultation, we concluded to go on even if we lost our dinner. So far from getting back to the hotel within an hour it took us nearly an hour to get down to the glacier, and very nearly two hours were consumed in climbing back again. Thereafter, : when we undertook walks just before j dinner, we allowed a little more margin j for errors in judgement. [ Twice during our stay at the "Bell- j Alp" we ascended the Sparrenhc mountain just in thc rear of the which is very near ten thousao high. Both times thc sky was p ly cloudless, aud thc view fro summit was simply superb. The horizon was bordered with snow-' mountains, some of them more t hundred miles distant, while were so near as to seem to be within reach of our hands. We two hours on the summit the first we went up, and during that tim sublimity of the prospect arour was not so absorbing as to pre vc from restoring our tired ?nergie ?iapesinc: of a substantial lunch we hadTr7ug?T?-??44luus. We mi our wine with snow gathered "f*u crevices of the rocks ; and we can the unanimous conclusion, that such circumstances, even "vin narie" becomes a most delicious crage. The slopes of the "Bell-Alp," to a height of one thousand feet the hotel, are covered with green ? which affords rich pasturage for mense herds of cattle and goats, former seem to be for thc most pa "Jersey" or "Guernsey" breeds, are fat and sleek enough to do bor the "blue grass region" of Kcnti On the approach of winter these I are all driven to the valley, where are to- be housed and fed until the < ing spring enables them again to ( to their elevated pasturage. The ? chalets, so celebrated in song story,/seem to be almost as good m taineers as the cattle and goats, you see them scattered everywhere the mountain sides, singly anc groups to the height of more eight thousand feet. They look very turesquc and romantic when seen a distance, but they can't stand clos spection. The plan generally pur in their construction is to have stable or cow pen, which is buil stone, in the basement, while the I tatton of the less favored mortals fe the wooden superstructure. Imagi family of a dozen people living i single large room, beneath which penned,, during eight months in year as many cows, and you have a idea of the average Swiss chalet, it ' at all wonderful that "ere ?sm" and "goitre" should pre to an alarming extent among sucl people? After spending a most deligh week at the "Bell-Alp," we went the "Eggischhorn Hotel," a resort \ similar in its appointments and situai to the one we had just left, but IE convenient for making several exe sioos which we were anxious to acc< p?sh before we returned to the vail it is about twelve miles from one lu to the other, and there is a good 1 die path all the way ; but in wholesc recollection of my recent experience preferred this time to walk all the w In crossing the glacier I was very mi amused ?.t thc Conduct of a male win iu company with a horse, was being across thc ice at a point a little lot down than where we were crossing, coming to a rather steep place on i ice, the man who was leading them i some steps with his ice axe to ena them to get a better footing. I horse took advantage of them v< promptly, but the mule, true to the i stincts of his race, wouldn't be ltd; a planting all four feet firmly, and stiffe ing his legs he slid gracefully and ra idly to the bottom of the slope. It u a performance that would have do honor to a member of tl?e English ? pine Club, but would have been rath uncomfortable to a man on his back. Our next climbing feat was to t! top of the Eggischhorn, another mou tain nearly ten thousand feet high, t view from whose summit is one of t! most celebrated in the whole Alp The weather was not very favorable f distant views when we reached the to; as you will readily imagine when mention thc fact that it snowed for i hour while we were on thc summit. \\ remained up there for several hour however, and we were rewarded wil an almost perfect view of the whole pai orama. Another day, while afc the EggiscI horn, we spent in an excursion to tl Marjelen See, which is thc name give to a little lake, about a mile long, lyin in a ravine adjoining the eastern side c the great Aleiseh glacier. Here we ha an opportunity of seeing how iceberg are formed in the arctic regions, an it is the only place in the whole tem perate zoue where such a sight can b witnessed. Portions of the ice-cliff c the glacier are constantly splitting o: and tumbling down into the green wa ters of the lake, where they form veri table icebergs. Some of them tower a least fifty feet above the water, and be ing tinted with that delicate blue colo; peculiar to glacier-ice, they presented when glistening in the suulight, a scene of fairy-like beauty which I shall lonf remember. From the Marjelen See we took a walk on the surface of the glacier itself, to a point where we could get a view ol its whole length. At this place it is a mile and a quarter wide, and as it is more than twenty miles long, and sev? eral hundred feet io depth, your read? ers can form some idea of what a vast body of ice it is. After spending four or five days at the Esrffiscbhorn, we scrambled down CO F the mountain-, this time on foot, and re? turned to Bricg. Our next destination was Zcrniatfc, an elevated valley about a day's ride from Brieg, and in the very heart of thc Alp?nc peaks. We spout nearly a week in that vicinity, and found it by far thc most interesting place wo had yet visit? ed. The hotels aro excellent, and thc scenery unsurpassed, but the weather was just a little too cool for a summer resort. The hotel on the Kiffelberg is 8, 500 feet above the level of thc sea, and the night we spent there (the 5th of August.) thc thermometer went down to 21 degrees Fahrenheit, and icc and frost was abundant nest morning. Fruin this hotel we made thu ascent of tho < !orncrgrat, a mountain 10,400 feet high, itself partly covered with snow and completely surrounded by thc monarchs of the Alps. Thc view is not so extensive as that from thc Eggiscli horn, but to my mind is far more wild and impressive We remained on thc ^ujn^u^^n^m^^^^^^^^^m^^^? p. in. until sunset, as tlie skies cloudless, and we knew that whole course of our lives we. probably never have such an oppoi for witnessing a sunset among thc mountains. As soon as the sun peared the fall in the tcmperatur amazing to one unaccustomed as . to the phenomena of these high tudes ; and though we were well dod with wraps and kept constant motion, we were unable to keep \ Notwithstanding all this, howcvei felt amply rewarded for our p waiting ; for never as long as we can the glorious scene y?iih?fei-SQ* itself to us as the sun/Wcnt dow anything else than a bonder and .se^e-akabk. ^J&Hfescent to the was accomplished in double-quick and the comforts of a good fire a warm supper soon made us forgel wintry air without. The next morning soon after daj I was aroused by the noise of p getting up Wo see the sun rise" with the recollection of what I had the evening before still fresh in mind, I felt for the moment tempt follow their example ; but on tu reflection I remembered that I always preferred sunset to sunrise, concluded to let it rise without T had reason to congratulate m afterwards on my decision, whei Englishman, who was one of the u? tunates, told me that it was "rt quite a tidy affair' but that he ne froze to death before he could get to bed. 1 would be glad to give some ace of other very interesting excurs which we made in the Rhone Valley well as of our passage over the m< tains in a carriage to the Laki Lucerne, but the length of this lc has already far exceeded my first in tion, and 1 must bring it to a cl We will remain in Switzerland a xi or ten days longer, and then gc Strasburg. From there we will pr< bly go down the Rhine as far as logue, and then across to Paris. ] haps from that city I may in you with a renewal of this corresf dence. T. B. G GUITEAU'S STATE MEN The Conception of the Crime. 'My conception of the idea of retE ing the President was this: Mr. Co ling resigned on Monday, May 1881. On the following Wednesday was in bed. ? think I retired about o'clock. I felt depressed and perpju. on account of the political situati and I retired much earlier than usi I felt wearied in mind and body, J I was in my bed about 9 o'clock, ? was thinking over the political situati when the idea flashed through my br that if the President was out of thc v everything would go better. At fi this was a mere impression, It start mc, but the next morning it came me with renewed force, and I began read the papers with my eyes on possibility that thc President woi have to go, and the more I saw I complication of public affairs, the m< was I impressed with the necessity removing bim. This thing continu for about two weeks. I kept readi the papers and kept beiog impressc and thc idea kept bearing and beari and bearing down upon me that t only way to unite the two factions the Republican party and save the B public from going into the hands of t rebels and Democrats was to quiet remove the President. THE KILLING 'There was quite a large crowd ticket purchasers afc the gentlcmei ticket office in the adjoining room ; t! depot seemed to be quite full of peopl There was quite a crowd and comm tion around, and the President was , the act of passing from the ladies' roo to the main entrance through the doo I should say he was about four or ?u feet from the door nearest the ticket o fice, in the act of passing through tl door to get through the depot to tl cars. He was about three or four fe? from the door. I stood five or six fe? behind him, right in the middle of tb room, and as he was in the act of wall ing away from me I pulled out the rc volver and fired. He straightened u and threw his head back, and sccme to be perfectly bewildered. Ile did uc seem to know what struck him. I look ed at him ; he did not drop ; I thereup on pulled again. He dropped his head seemed to reel, and fell over. I do no know where the fir;t shot hit; I aime< at the hollow of his back ; I did not ain for any particular place, but I knew i I got these two bullets in his back h< would certainly go. I was in a diago nal direction from the President, to thc northwest, and supposed both shot* struck him. Printers' Proverbs. Never send an article for publication without giving thc editor thy name, foi thy name oftentimes secures publication to worthless articles. Thou shouldst not rap at the door of a printing office ; for he that answereth the rap snecreth in his sleeve and loscth time. Never do thou loaf about, nor knock down the type, or the boys will love thee as they do the shade tree-when thou leavest. Thou shouldst never read thc copy on the printer's case or the sharp and hooked container thereof, or he may knock thee down. Never inquire of the editor for news, for behold it is his business to give it to thee at the appointed time without asking for it. It is not right that thou shouldst ask him the author of an article, for it is his duty to keep such things unto him? self. When thou dost enter his office, take heed uuto thyself that thou dost not look, at what may concern thee uot, for that is not meet in the sight of good breeding. Neither examine thou tho proof I sheet, for it i's not ready for thine eye, ; thou mayest understand. Prefer thine own town paper to any other, and subscribe for it immediately. Pay for it in advance, and it will be well with thee and thine. Beware thou dost not ask thc printer for a paper whilst at press, lest he THE YORKTOWN MONUMENT. 1781-OCTOBER 19-1381. [From the JSews and Courier.'] The Yorktown Monument, from the point of view of sentiment, is intended to convey, in architectural lauguage, the idea set forth iu the dedicatory inscrip? tion, that by the victory at Yorktown the independence of the United States of America was achieved, or brought to final accomplishment. The four sides of the base contain : First, an inscription dedicating the monument as a memorial cf the victory; second, an inscription presenting a suc? cinct narrative of the siege, prepared in accordance with the original archives in the department of State; third, the treaty of alliance with the King of France ; and fourth, the treaty of peace with tbc King of England. In thc pediments over these four sides respect? ively are presented, carved in relief; First, emblems of nationality ; second, j emblems of war; third, emblems of the alliance ; and fourth, emblems of peace. The base is thus devoted to the his? torical statement ; it explains the subse? quent incidents of the monumental com? position, which are intended solely to appeal to the imagination. The imme? diate result of thc historical events written upon the base was the hap? py establishment of a national union of thirteen youthful free and inde? pendent States. To celebrate this joyful union the sculptor has represent? ed upon the circular podium which aris? es from thc base a solemn dance of thirteen typical female figures hand in hand, encircling the drum, which bears upon a belt beneath their feet the words "One country, one constitution, one destiny." It is a symbol of the birth of freedom. The column which springs from this podium may be accepted as the symbol of the greatucss and prosperity of the nation after a century of varied experi? ence, when thirty-eight free and inde- ? pendent States arc shining together in j mighty constellation. It is the tri? umphant sign of the fulfilment of the promise-an expression of thc strength and beauty of the Union ; but the pow? erful nation docs not forget the remote beginning of its prosperity, and, in the midst of its shinning stars, bears aloft the shield of Yorktown covering the branch of Peace. As the cxisteucc of thc nation is a proof of the possibility of a government of the people, by the people, for the people, thc column thus adorned culmi? nates with Liberty-hcrself, star crown? ed, and welcoming the people of all nations to share equally with us the fruits of our peace and prosperity. The principal dimensions of the mon? ument, taken from thc drawing and model in the posscsion of Col. \V. P. Craighill, Engineer Corps, United States Army, who, by direction of the j Secretary of War, will supervise its cou- j btruction. divided for the purpose of a J plain understanding by the reader into; i 1, thc 'Base;1 2, the 'Podium," or! drum supporting the thirteen danc? ing figures; 3, the 'Shaft,' or upright column : 4, thc 'Capital,' resting direct? ly on the final course of tho column ; 5, thc 'Pedestal,' which supports thc fig? ure surmounting thc monument ; and 6, the 'Figure,' arc in height as follows: Base, 25 feet 8 iuches ; podium, 14 feet 4 inches; shaft, 35 feet 1 inch ; capital, 5 feet 4 inches ; pedestal, 3 feet 9 inches ; figure, ll foot 4 inches : making tho total height from thc bottom of thc base, renting on tho surface of the ground, to the top of thc figure, 95 feet 0 iuches. The bottom of the base covers a surface area of 944,56 feet. The area for inser? otious square inches. Thc greatest; diameter of the podium is 0 feet 3 inches, the height of thc thirteen figures surround? ing thc podium is eight feet. The diameter of thc shaft at the bottom, 5 feet 5 inches, and at thc top 5 feet. The inscriptions on the base of the monument are io be as follows : NORTH. Erected In pursuance of A resolution of Congress, approved October 27, 1781, and one approved June 7 18S0, To commemorate thc victory by which The Independence of the United States of America was achieved. I-- f . ?mjH. At Yorktown, on Oeto^er"Ty7 * < After a siege of nineteen days. By 5,500 Americans, 7,000 French infantry of the Line, 3',500 Militia, under command of Governor Thomas ?>"e!son, and 36 French Ships of the Line, Earl Cornwallis, Commander of the British forces at Yorktown and Gloucester, Surrendered the Array, 7,251 officersand men. 810 seamen, 244 cannon and 24 Standards, To his Excellency George Washington, Commander in-Chief of the combined forces of America and France; To his Excellency the Comte de Rochambeau, Commanding the Auxiliary troops of his Christian Majesty in America, And to his Excellency the Comte de Grasse, ! Commanding-in-Chief tho Naval Army cf France in Chesapeake. WEST. The Treaty Concluded February ? "78, Between tlie fni ted States i. merka And Loui? XVI, King oi I?, 'ace, Declares The essential and direct end Of the present Defensive Alliance Is to maintint) effectively ! Thc Liberty, Sovereignty ?nd Independence, Absolute and Unlimited, I Of the said United States, i As well in matters of Government as-of Com? merce. EAST. The Provisional Articles of Peace. Concluded November 30, 17S2, And the Definite Treaty of Peace, Concluded September 3, 1783, Between the United States of America And George III, King of Great tfritian and Ireland, Declares His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said United States, vis: New Hampshire, Massachselts Bay Rhode Islan.i and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Yirginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia To be Free and Sovereign and Independent States UL? ? - - o- tkL? i Advertising That Paid. -o Johnny Manning, the Sheriff of Dead? wood. D. T was in St Louis on busi? ness, an?^nT remembered that ayear be? fore a St. Louis man had been up to Deadwood and left owing a nun several' hundred dollars, which was fco be paid as soon as he got home. Manning met the man in St. Louis, and he said he would hand him the money next day, but the day passed on and the money did not come, though the man was am? ply abie to pay. So one morning Man? ning inserted a personal in a newspaper to thc effect that if the man who left Deadwood between two days did not pay the money he forgot to pay before night the whole circumstances wcuid bc pub? lished next day. The notice was signed 'John Manning, Sheriff of Deadwood,' Before 9 o'clock a young man called at Manning's hotel and said he had come to pay twenty-two dollars he had bor? rowed to go out of Deadwood. Manning found out who the money was borrowed from, and took it to carry to the Dead? wood citizen, remarking that he was not the man referred to, but it was a mighty mean Sheriff who would not carry money to a friend. The next man to call was the one he wanted, and he paid the money and apologized, and begged the Sheriff to say nothing about it. During the day seven citizens of St. Louis called on Manning and paid- him money for citizens of Deadwood, believing the Sheriff had reference to them in his no? tice ; and after he had gone away another citizen called and asked the clerk for ! M an nins:, but the clerk said thc other fellows had all been there and pam up, and this mau had belter keep his money. The Sheriff said he always thought ad? vertising paid, but he never had it de? monstrated to his satisfaction before. "Mark Twain's" New Hotel. The following "items" in relation to Mr. Twain's new investment arc published : RULES AND REGULATIONS OF MY "HASH? ER}";" 1. This house will bc strictly in? temperate, and no questions asked. | 2. Nono but thc brave deserve a | bill of fare. 3. Persons ewing bills for board will be bored for bills -1. Boarders who do not wish to pay in advance are requested to ad? vance and pay. 5. Boarders are respectfully re? quested to wait until the cook cooks the meals. 0. Sheets will be nightly changed once in every six months, or more if unnecessary. 7. All regular boarders are earnest? ly requested to pull off all their boots j regularly, if they can conveniently do so, before retiring for the night. S. All moneys and other valuables i arc to be left in charge of theproprie j tor, without cost. Tin's he insists 1 upon, as he will be held responsible I for no losses on any account. 9. ln.'ds, with or without bugs or ileus, if preferred. 10. Inside and outside matter will never be furnished newspaper men, under any consideration-excepting reporters-who will bc always kept out. 11. Single men, with their families, will never be "taken in." 12. Night Marcs-Single fare, $1 an hour. 13. Stone vaults for snoring board? ers. U. Children without families prc , fe rrcd. -!--?r* Professor Huxley says that "the living ! body is a synthesis of innumerable j physiological elements, each of which ! may bo described in Wolff's language j as a Said possessed of a visesscutialis i and a solidescibilitas, or, in modern i phrase, as protoplasm susceptible of j structural metamorphosis and function? al metabolism.' That's precisely what we have been maintaining j Three Kussian Bishops who were : condemned to solitary i inprisons cut by thc Czar Nicholas, in 1856, have just ? been released, after a conSnement of j twenty-live years. They enter a dirfer cnt world than that they left, and will j never be able to supply the awful hiatus I in their lives They will never be able to catch up, nor to fully understand thc change. Writing of this fact the New York Times says : To them Napoleon Iii. is still Em? peror of the French. They know noth? ing of thc Franco-Prussain war, noth? ing of Italian 3nd German unity, of the dismemberment of Turkey, of papal in? fallibility, nothing of our civil war, of S3??jS? of the Suez Canal. Bis? marck. Bcaconsfield7#?T????4i^'?-ncoln Grant are to them mere names^??*^^ sonalities. A quarter of a century, big with events which will have their influence in shaping thc world's history for centuries to como, has been dropped out of their lives. Mrs. Abraham .Lincoln. Mrs. Lincoln has signified iisr inten? tion of leaving Springfield, lil., io a few days for a winter s visit to St. Cath? arines, Canada, where she will put her? self under the care of prominent physi? cian and medical advisers. This stay has only been decided on within a (cw days, and is caused by the fact that her health has shown no signs of material improvement sioce her return from France. She makes her home with tho Hon. Ninian Edwards, her brother-in law, and has the most careful and deli? cate attention at the han-ds of her rela? tives and friends with whom she is constantly surrounded. The Edgcficld people have a new way of going fishing. They buy out a pond, draw the water off and then cap? ture all the finny tribe to be found. A party of forty, paying each a dollar, bought out a pond last week-drained it, and caught ?8?0 pounds of fish among tkem being sixty-six splendid trout. A correspondent cf the Philadelphia Ledger says that ''Llanfairpwichguuya gcrgobwichllandyssiliogogo,' the name of a Welsh parish, is pronounced as if written thus : 'Thlanvirepoolchgwin gergcboolcl>thhr?disilig.ogo,, bat the majority of the peopfe will keep rigbt along pronouncing it as .ii is spelled. In publishing the acts of fhe Missis? sippi Legislature recently, the laws got slightly mixed with parts of an anti Baptist book tnat was Being set up by the same printer. The following was the result: "Be it estrcted by the Sen? ate and House of Representatives of the State of Mississippi, bap means to* put under the -?ater, and tizo means to to take out.-Evangelist. There is an awful state of affairs in a' little Michigan town where a type-setter substituted the word 'widows' for 'win dows.' The editor wrote:- 'Thc win? dows of the church need washing badly. The}* are too dirty for any use, and are' a disgrace to our village.'-Pittsburg Commercial Gazette. Sir James Hogg made a fortune ia lud?a, and his wife, holding a distin? guished place in London fashionable circles, gave splendid parties. It is said that a young blood, meeting one of thc Misses Hogg at a ball, and not knowing her name, asked her if she was going to a certain party at the 'pig? gery.' Her naive reply was : 'Oh, I am one of the litter.-Evening Post. 'You make me think,'John Williams said, dropping on a sofa beside a pretty girl last Sunday evening, 'of a bank whereon the wild thyme grow.' 'Do IV she murmured ; it is so nice, but that is pa's step in tho hall, and unless you' can drop out of the front window before I cease speaking, you'll have a wild time with him, my own, for he loves you not.' His decent was rapid.-Detroit Free Press. It is said now that India can grow better tea than China, and 45,000,000 pou-nds of India tea have been imported into England since the importation bo? gan in ?S60. Over 200,000 acres ia India are now planted in tea, represent? ing an investment of ??15.000,000, and giving employment to over a quarter cf a million people'. There is a noan cn enc of thc Lake Eric islands who snores so regularly and casts such vim and earnestness into his snoring, that pilots ase him as a guide by which to steer their steamers through the locality orr dark nights. There i* a movement on foot to induce the government to salary bira as ir foghorn. The Iowa State .agricultural Society has o?Vred a premium of $20 to any young cou? ple in the State who will consent to be mar? ried in public under a large floral bell at its coming fair. There is to be no entrance fee* charged for this premium, and President Por? ter offers to provide the license and pay the preacher out of hVs own pocket, and to fur? nish a clergyman of any desired denomination or a Judge or a Justice of the Peace to tie the knot'. --M? i ? a-' - The Dallas Herald says that there are still living sixtem of the forty generals that Texas furnished to thc war. The paper does net state where the other 294.608 generals now re? siding in that State got their title, but they are probably distinguish, d gentlemen who ' moved there since the close of the rational misunderstanding. In that State a common i citizen feels lonely surrounded by so much glittering rank. An Arkansas mau went to church last Sun .lay tor thc first time in his life. Themini ter announced through thc local paper that he would discourse on '-Lost Sheep." and the man hoped to gain some information rcgard incr a sir'av ram of his. Oh: skirt ! beautiful skirt ! Jerked through the dust and dragged through the dirt ! Once you were white As thc mantle of snow. As the leaves of thc lily When the spring zephyrs blow. Stiff to the touch and fair to thc eye ; Seat to the gaze of each passer-by : . Now tattered and spattered Oh ! piteo-as wrong, Beautiful skirt, They made YOU too ?om