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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 25, 1881, Image 1

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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, IS50.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let ali the Ends thou Aimsi; at. be thy Country's, thy God's, and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 1S6G.
Consolidated Aug. 2, 1881.1
Sew Series-Vol. I. No. 13.
ag 11 gasaccMBgE
rubl?sied CTrcry Tuesday,
k TP??c^wa? a??Z Southron Publishing
A Company,
?wo Dollars per annum-in advance.
One Square, first insertion.Si 00
Bvery subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three-?ucnths, or longer-will
be made at reduced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged for as advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
Charged for.
Marriage notices and notices of deaths pub?
lished free.
For job work or contracts for advertising
address Watchman and Southron, or applv at
the Office, to . N; G-. OSTEEN,"
Business Manager.
The Second Annual Fair
25th, 2f?h, 27ih and 28th days
of October, ISSI.
The Secretary's Office will be opened at the
Fair Grounds on Monday, 24th October, at 9
A. Mi, for the purpose of receiving entries,
and close at 12 M., on Tuesday.
Articles for exhibition will pay freight to
Sumter, which will be refunded upon produc?
tion of Secretary's certificate that the article
was exhibited at the Fair.
Extra trains will convey passengers from
the Depot to the Fair Grounds every hour.
Freight Trains will run up to the Exhibi?
tion Building.
Bvery effort will be nuade to render the Ex
t hibition interesting and attractive. Among
other features the following will be intro?
duced :
Arrangements are being made for
BALLOON ASCENSIONS on the grounds, j
-sic Hall during F<:;r Week.
Articles for exhibition of all kinds are so- i
licited from this and neighboring Counties. ;
The Premium List is extensive and liberal, j
Special premiums will be awarded for mer- |
itorious articles not on the Premium List. j
Merchants in Sumter, and elsewhere, are
requested to forward contributions for prizes,
and also to make applications for space for j
- Exhibits.
Persons desirous of competing at Tourna?
ment must notify the Secretary by 1st
There will be a general SALE of PRIVI- j
* LEGES, at the Court House ia Sumter on
\ MONDAY, 17th OCTOBER, at 1 o'clock P.M. j
BftVill be delivered during Fair Week, on the !
[?oIIowing subjects.
W THE LIEN LAW-Its benefits and evils, j
THE CORN CROP-How its deficit is to be j
made up.
Prohibition the remedv ?
t?mate effect.
management. j
ENSILAGE-Its value, and mode of j
making. The Crop, the cutting, the silo, j
s; orage.
E. W. MOISE. President. ?
O. 3. MOISE, Sec., and Treas.
Heit Ordained, ly the'Tutcndant 'and War. j
den* of (lie Toicn of Sumter hi Council awer/ii/lcu, '
and by tteauthority of tire ?awe'.
SECTION I.-That the following annual
taxes, as provided for by and under the Char- !
ter of the Town of Sumter, by Act of General j
Assembly of the State of South Carolina, En?
titled "Aa Act to Grant, Renew aud Amend
the Characters of certain Towns and Villages
therein mentioned," approved March 0th
1871-be, and the same are hereby levied for
the ordinary purposes and uses of the Town,
that is to say : twenty cents on the value of
each One Hundred Dollars of the Real Estate,
within the Corporate limits of the Town (ex?
cept Real Estate of Churches and Institutes of
learning,) twenty cents on each One Hundred
Dollars of the gross proceeds of all sales of j
Goods, Wares and Merchandize in said Town, j
and twenty cents on each One Hundred Do!- j
lars of all sales made at anction or upon con- j
signment within the Corpoate limits of the;
Town, except sales made "by order of Court, j
or by process of law, or by Executors or Ad- !
SEC. IL-That ic addition to the Annual!
Tax, provided for in Sec. 1 of this ordinance, j
the following Special Tax of twenty cents or? j
the hudred dollars of Assessment value of all
property now or hereafter assessed for regular
taxation in said Town, as authorized by and ;
under An Act of "General Assembly of the '
State of South Carolina, entitled "An Act to i
Authorize and direct the Intendant and War- j
dens of the Town of Sumter to fund the past j
indebtedness of the said Town, aud for other j
purposes thereing related, approved May 31st, i
1877," is hereby levied for the purposes and i
uses as stated in said Act of General Assembly j
and to no other purpose whatever.
SEC. III.-The phrase "Real Estate as used !
in this Ordinance sh ill be held to mean and i
include all land and lots pf land, within the !
Corporate limits of the Town, and all s?ruc- !
?ures, Buildings, or other property so annex- j
?? ">r attached thereto, as to pass "to the Yen
Ae*b\~ ^ Conveyance of the land or lot of '
( et> ?> -?tber by nurchase gift or otherwise. !
-y_ -That all persons liable to taxa- j
. Ordinane shall make their re- ?
rion u?de? v/11- -, , , !
ta?s<? Oath, a/?? Pa; th* *ME; as assessed ,
to xteCterk ana 1 -wnrer oi the Town oi '
to the peaces, now pro -J- ?Y
failure to make returns and p*.v tue Genend^
State-Tax; And it shall be the duty cf tue .
Clerk and Treasurer to issue Executions under
bis hand; aud the Sea! of the-C^oration, ?
againstall person? so in default for sud. j
together with the penalties due thereon. .?
k SEC. V.-That "the Fifffij fp?r shall be?i" ;
lana run from the 1st da .ber 1881. to. i
tfeetaXCS?._ - .^.amanee shall not :
/ez??coi. ."V3V property upon which such t::.v<*s j
amt paid, ?jm tax?Uion after tne lst da7 of j
(October l?xy
yj J_-2"bat this Ordinance shall go j
into er?* on the >t day of October ISSI, and |
.ail Ordinances or pa r* of Ordinances repug- :
mw thereto are hereb/ repealed [
Done, and ratified in Council Asscmoled, ;
and under thc Corporate sea.' ?t^h;Jn?T Pf
Sumter this nineteenth day of September, inj
?he vear of our Lord ISSI.
T " GEO. W. REARDON, fttteadant. j
" C. M. HURST, Clerk and Treas. |
CHARLESTON, S. C.. Oct. 4, 1881. ? ?
On and after this date the following Sehe- j
dule will be run. ? j
Leave Charleston. Arrive Florence.
7 45 A. M.12 35 P. M. ! !
5 50 P. M.2 50 A M. j :
S 15 ?. M.1 30 A. M. j <
_- ' <
Leave Charleston. Arrive Florence, j
S 20 A. M.7 30 A. M. j ?
1 00 P. si.5 45 p -M
12 01 A. M.S 45 A. M. il
Train leaving Florette at 3 20 A. ar. will
?tu ??AO for way passengers.
"V1^. T F. DIVINE, Gen'l Supt. !
". - ?WL Ticket Aijcnt. :
'bSOt CLBAPOii> ^ ;
ON and after May loth, ISSI, thc following
schedule will be run on this Hoad :
(Nos. 47 West and 4S East.)
f Leave Wilmington.10 05 p m
?Arrive at Florence. 2 25 a m
Leave Florenco. .. 2 40 a m
, Leave Sumter. 4 OS a m
. Arrive at Columbia. 6 01) a m
i Leave Columbia.10 00 p m
Leave Sumter... .12 OS a m
Arrive at Florence. 1 40 a ni
Leave Florence. 2 00 a ni
Arrive at Wilmington. 6 20 a m
This Train stops only at Brinkley's. White
vil>, Flemington, Fair Bluff, Mari?n, Florence,
Tiuinionsville, Mnyesrtlle, Sumter, Camden
Junction and Eastover.
Daily, except Sundays.
Leave Florence.12 25 a m
Leave Sumter. 3 lo a m
Arrive at Columbia...-. 6 25 a m
Leave Columbia. 5 00 p va
Leave Sumter._. _ S 20 p m
Arrive at Florence.ll 10 p
LOCAL FREIGHT-(Daily except Sunday.)
Leave Florence. 3 50" p" ia
Arrive at Sumter-Lie over. 7 50 p m
Leave Sumter..f.. .7 30 a m
Arrive at Columbia.ll 00 a m
Leave Columbia.- 3 15 a m
Arrive at Sumter-Lie over. 8M p m
Leave Sumter. 6 00 a m
Arrive at Florence. 12 00 .ni
A. POPE, G. P. A.
JOHN F. DIVINE. General Sup't._
on these Roads will run as follows,-every
except Sunday.
Leave Wadosbord..?....*. S 40 a ni
Leave Dennett's.... 9 00 a ia
Leave Morrea. 9 15 a m
Leave -VcFarhm ...... 9 35 a m
Leave Cheraw.?. 10 15 am
Leave Society Hill-. 10 50 a m
Leave Darlington. ll 35 a m
Arrive at Florence. 12 10 p m
Leave Florence. 12 ?0 p m
Leave Darlington. 1 20 p m
Leave society Hill. 2 10pm
Arrive at Cheraw. 2 50 p m
Arrive at Wadesboro. 4 15 p m j
The freight train will leave Floreuce at 6 30 A
M every day except Sunday ; making thc round
trip to Cheraw every day, and to Wadesboro as
often as may be necessary-keeping out of the
way of passenger train.
B D TOWNSEND. President.
South Carolina Railroad,
Passenger Trains on Camden Branch will
run as fol rows, until further notice-:
Leave Camden. . 7 40 a m
Leave Camden Junction... S 45'a m
Arrive at Columbia.ll 00 a m
Leave Columbia. 5 15 a rn... fi 00 p m
Arrive Camden Junction, ll ID am;.. 7 40 p m
Arrive at Camden. 1 IU p a... S 45 p m
(Daily except Sundays.)
Leave Camden.. 3 ;0 p m
Leave Camden June'. 5 37 p ?n
Arrive at Charleston.?0 30 p tn
Arrive at Augusta. 7 40 a m
(Daily except Sundays.)
Leave Charleston. 6 30 a ra
Leave Augusta...1. 7 00 p w
Arrive Camden June*.ll 10 a in
Arrive at Camden. 1 10 p m
Columbia and Greenville Railroad bulli way?, i
for all points on that Road and on the Spar- j
tanbury. Union ami Col? tc bia and Sparenburg j
anil Ashville Railroad..-, a!? wi:li the Chsr
!ot:o. Columbia and Augusta Rai!road td and
from all points Nor h oyiraiits leaving Camden
at 7 40 a m. ard arriving nt S 45 p rn.
Coriuei-tions made at Augusa t;> all points
".Vest and Smith : also at Charleston with
Sle.iuiers for New York and Florida-on Wed?
nesdays ati>t S;iturd:i\*S
sold to arid from all Stations at <">i>e first class
fare for tito rvutid trip-tickets being good till
Monday coon, to re'urn. Excursion tickets
good for 10 days are regularly on sale to and
Loin all staticas at 6 cents per mile f.-r round
THROUGH TICKETS to all p.-dnts. can be
purchased by appiving to Jamos Jone-. Agent
at Camden. " D. C. ALLEN.
General Passenger and Ticket Agent.
JOHN B. PECK, General Sup't,
Charleston. S. C
Columbia and Greenville Bail Eoad,
COLUMBIA. S. C.. Aucrust 31. ISSI
1st, ISSI, Passenger Trains will run as
herewith indicated, upon this road and its
branches-Daily except Sundays :
No.42 Up Passenger.
Leave Columbia (A). 1] 20 a m
Leave Alston..~.12 26 p m
Leave Newberry. 1 21 p m
Leave Hodges. 3 52 p m
Liave Belton . 5 05 p m
Arrive at Greenville. 6 27 p ra
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Greenville at.10 33 a m
Leave Belton.ll 57 a m
Leave Ilodg- s. I 12 pm
Leave Newberry. 3 47 p m
Leave Alston. 4 46 p m
Arrive at Columbia (F). 5 5" p m
No- 42 Up Passenger.
Leave Alston...'.. 12 40 p m
Leave Spa ria abu rg. S U & C Depot (B) I 03 p m
Arrive Spsrtanburg R ? D Depot (K) 4 ?2 p ni
No. 43 Down Passenger.
Leave Spartanburg K & D Depot (II) 12 4S p tn
Leave Sp.ir: P.burg S U ? C Depot (G ) 1 07 p nt
Leave Uni-n. . 2 30 p tn
Arrive at A'ston . 4 36 p m
Leave Newberry. 3 55 p at
Arrive at Lauren* C H. 6 45 p m
Leave Laurens C. H . S 3!) a tn
Arrive ai Newberry.ll 30 a ul
Leave Hodges. 3 56 p ni
Arrive at Abbeville. 4 46 p ra
L?ave Abbeville.12 15 pm
Arrive ?it IL.dg??. 1 05 p ni
Leave Belton. 5 ?3 p na
Leave Anderson.-. 5 4 1pm
l^-r* Pend!;;-!!. 6 2[) p m
Ll v? Sen."* iC). .... 7 20 p m
Arrive av Wah.:;!!=?. 7 45p m
Leave Walhalla... 9 23 a m
Leave Seneca (J; j. 9 54 a ia
LCHV-? Pendleton .1? 3? u m
Leave Anderson."' '2 a m
Arrive at Belton.ll 4S a m
On and after above date through car? will be
run betwoeti Columbia and flundejsvnv?le with*
out change
A-With South Carolina Rail Road from
Char!e-'->n : w?tb Wilmington Columbia & Au.
gusta R R from Wilmington and al! points north
thereof; with Charlotte; Columbia .5: Augusta
Rail Road from Charlotte and points not th j
thereof. I
j;-x.Vith Asheville & Spurlanbwrg Rail Road
for point? in Western N. C.
C.-WIth A. ? C. Div. R & h. R. R. for ali
-, ;nt< .^oath at'd West.
J?.-W.N) A. A C. Div. R. ? D. R. R. from At- j
anta a "1 beyond;
E-VVitb A & C. Liv. li. & D. R. R. for.a'l
ivdnt^ ? au, and West..
F_:\"*t;i S'Jv'h Caro?ma dan K?>a*J for Char i
e?ton : wit!: Willing?on. Columbia & Augusta |
Rail ltoad for Wihn:"g:on and :lie North : with !
Charlo: te. Colombia & Augusta Rail Road foi ;
?V.iarlottc a-d the Nor:r?. ?
?_v/ith Asheville & Spartan burg Rail Joad
rora Hendersonville.
JI_Witb A. ? C. Div. ll. A D. R. R. from j
Charlotte & beyond. I
Standard time used is Washington, D- C..
?riiicb is fifteen minutes ?a^cr ifc-n Colu.uhta.
J. W. FRY, bun t. j
A. POPE, Genera! PA.ise.ngcr A^cnt.
?ugtatoO, l??U tf<
???AIi ODE.
Hark ! hark ! down tbe century's long reach?
ing slope,
To those transports of triumph-those raptures
of hope I
The voices of Maia and of Mountain combined,
Ia glad resonance borne on the wings of the
wind ;
The bass of the drum and -the trumpet that
Through the multiplied echoes of jubilant
And mark ! how thc years, melting upward
like mist,
Which the breath of some splendid enchant?
ment bas kissed.
Reveal on the ocean, reveal on the shore,
The proud pageant of conquest that grace
tb eui of yore.
Where blended forever in love as in
See ! the standard which stole from the
starlight its Came,
And type of all chivalry, glory, ro?
The fair lilies, the luminous lilies of
France !
Oh '. stubborn the strife, ere the conflict was
won !
And the wild, whirling war-wrack half stifled
the sun ;
The tbucders of cannon that boomed on the
But re-echoed far thunders pealed up from
the sea
Where guarding his sea lists-a knight on
the waves
Bold DeGrasse kept at bay the bluff bulldogs
of Graves
The day turned to darkness, thc night chang?
ed to fire,
Still more fierce waxed the combat, more
deadly the ire
Undimmed by the gloom, in majestic advance,
Ah! behold where they ride, o'er the red
Those banners united in love as in fame
The brave standard which drew from the j
starbeams their flame,
And type of all chivalry, glory, romance, j
The fair lilies, the luminous lilies of
France !
Ne respite ! No pause ! By the York's tor?
tured flood
The gray lion of England is writhing in
blood !
Cornwallis may chafe, and coarse Tarleton
As he sharpens his broadsword and buckles
his spur
"This blade, which so oft has reaped rebels
like grain,
Shall DOW harvest, for death, the rude yeo?
man again."
Vain boast ! for ere sun set he's flying in fear,
With the rebels he scouted close, close in the
rear !
The French on his flank hurled such volleys
of shot
That e'en Gloucester's redoubt must be grow?
ing too hot.
Chorus- *
Thus wedded in love as united in fame,
Lo! the standard that stole from the
starlight its flame
And type of al: chivalry, glory, romance,
The lair lilies, the luminous lilies of
France !
O ! morning superb ! when the siege reached
its close !
See! the sundawn outulooni like the alche?
mist's rose!
The last wreaths of smoke from dim trenches j
u pen ried
Are transformed to a glory that smiles on the j
Jov ! Joy ! Save the wan, wasted front of the j
With his batllefiags furled and his arms trail?
ing low.
Respect for the brave ! Ingrim silence they
And in silence they pass with bowed heads
from the field.
Then triumph transcendent ! So Titan of
That some vowed it must startle King George
on his throne !
(j ! wedded in love, as united in fame,
See! thc standard" that stoic from the
starlight its fi>me
And type of all chivalry, glory, romance.
The fair lilies, the luminous lilies of
France !
When Peace to her own timed the pulse of
the land,
And the war weapon sunk from the war j
wearied hand,
Young Freedom, unborne to thc heighth o.
the goal
She bad yearned for so long with deep travail
of soul
A song of her future raised, thrilling and
Till the woods leaned to harken, the hill
slopes to hear !
Yet fraught with all magical grandeurs that
On the hero's high hope, or the patriot's
What future, tho' bright, in cold shadow shall
The stern beautvthat haloes the brow of the
Past ?
O ! wedded in love, as united in fame !
See! the standard tiiat stole from the
starlight its flame.
And type of all chivalry, glory, romance,
The fair lilies, the luminous lilies of
France !
In 1770, there were shipped to Liver?
pool three bales of cotton from New
York ; four bales from Virginia and
Maryland, anti three from North Caro?
lina. lu 1784, the year after the treaty
which closed the Revolutionary war and
secured the recognition of American
Independence by Great Britain, a ves?
sel that carried eight bales of cotton
from thc United States to Liverpool was
seized in that port on tbe ground that
so large a quantity of cotton in a single
cargo could not be the produce of the
Un it cu ?tates so humble were thc be?
ginnings of this now extended culture.
- ? i au- -
According to thc census report of j
crops for 1880 there were 35,430.052
acres in wheat, 62,368.869 acres in
corn, 10,14-1,553 acres in oats, 1,842,
3vo acres in rye, 1.997.717 acres in
barley, and 848,389 acres in buck?
wheat. Thc yield was 400.479.505
bushels of wheat, 1,754,801,535 bushels i
of corn.407. S5$,999 bushels of rye, j
44,113,495 bushels of barley, and
11,817.327 bushels pf buckwheat,
New York and Pennsylvania raise two
thirds of the wheat, California and New
York lead in barley, Pennsylvania and
Illinois lead in rye. BraihtrccCs, pla?
ces the entire wheat crop of ISSI at
368,002.000 bushels, and thc corn crop :
at 1,193,041.?U? bushels.
The magistrates and thc county com- j
missioners.of Guilford, N. C., in joint .
meering, '-ave authorized and directed ;
the purchase of ?5,?00 worth of corn i
for distribution among the poor cf thc j
county. They arc further empowered :
lo purchase ft IO,000 worth of cern, to '
be sold to needy persons in thc count}' j
at the cost of purchase and transporta- .
?ion. This act-inn, which meets public J
approval in the county, is rcudcred nc- j
ccssary by thc late disastrous drought, j
[From Special Correspondence News ACouii
YORKTOWN, October 18.-The tr
bearing the South Carolina troops a:
ved at Portsmouth at 9 30 this caora1
after a terrible fatiguing night, nea
! tho whole of which was spent in eran
j ed up seats, or standing io tue aisles
thc oars. Complaints of the bad trc
menl received by both thc military a
the civic delegation are general, and
can be said without exaggeration ti
the management of the trip from W
raingtoa to Portsmouth was as a faili
a signal success. As there seemed
strong inclination to blame the Co
missiouer, I saw that gentleman, a
in explanation he says the Wilmingt
and Weldon Railroad Company fail
to come up to the terms of their contrai
They agreed to furnish six first-cla
passenger coaches for the military ai
one for the civic delegation capable
holding fifty persons each, and Maj
Hamilton, finding that the number
ladies who intended to go was lars
secured another coach which was ot
side of the contract. When thc tra
started from Columbia it was two ca
short, these the railroad officials pr
mised to put on at Sumter and W;
mington. They failed to get a car
Sumter, and on arriving at Wilmingt(
they hustled the whole crowd, civic at
military, into small third-class car
some of which were divided of? for coo'
ing apartments for train hands. The:
would seat only about thirty five mei
aud consequently such cars as did ho
fifty men were overcrowded, and (1
men were compelled, many of them
stand daring the entire night, while E
one got room enough to sleep. Anotl
er very serious grievance was the wai
of water and light The majority ?
the cars were without a ray of ligh
and not a drop of water could be ol
tained from the time of leaving Wi
mington until reaching the steamer ?
The steamer B. S. Ford was boarde
at 9.30, and from that time until ti?
arri val here things were much mot
comfortable. The troops from Greer
ville and Abbeville, who had to leav
their homes on Saturday last, really su;
fe red considerably from hunger. Th
provisions which they brought soure
on their hands and it was absolute!
impossible to get anything to eat o
their way. It was therefore extremel;
trying to these men to be refused tb
privilege of paying for something to ca
on the boat, the luxury nf entering iii
eating saloon being entirely rcs?rvei
for thc civic delegation.
The trip up Hampton Roads and int
the York River was exceedingly plea
saut and was without special incident
As the steamer came in sight of th
town the view was- striking. Th
American and French naval vessels
bright with bunting, were drawn up op
positethe point upon -sr.h-ieb the monti
mental ceremonies were at the time be
ing conducted and from time to tim<
poured broadside after broadside in re?
sponse to thc saline of artillery on I bi
hillsides. The steamer passing closely
to these vessels was greeted with cheers,
and came into the dock playing Dixie.
A landing was speedily effected and
the battalion linc was formed by Col.
Thompson on the main road opposite thc
pier, it was intensely hot, and taking
warning from the fate of the New Jer?
sey troops, who fell like sheep along thc
linc of march a day or two ago, orders
were extended to lay aside the heavy
knapsacks so that the march might be
as endurable as possible. ?t was well
this order was issued, rf he. march was
a terrible one, two long country, revo?
lutionary miles, over a road that is
without exaggeration ankle deep in the
finest dust I have ever seen.
When the men reached camp they
were as black as negroes and well-nigh
exhausted. One mau only succumbed,
and had to be taken to camp in a wagon.
He was not seriously hurt, however, and
was a member of one of the Greeville
Thc detail of men sent on a week ago
under the command of Lieut. Lee, of
Sumter, had done cverthing in their
power in the arrangement of the South
Carolina encampment. Twenty-two
large tents for the mea, with one tent
for the Colonel's headquarters, had
been erected and supplied with an
abundance of straw. The tents are
arranged eleven in a row, with a street
between them. Each company has
two lents.
The South Carolina encampment is
pitched just North of ?he Fifth Mary?
land Regiment, who have already
shown our men many courtesies. It
was about 3 o'clock when the troops got
iuto camp and about 5 o'clock before j
they could ?et anything to cac. Mr. ]
T. ri. Pollock, of Columbia, who is
the caterer for our battalion, had an
abundance of bacon and rice and bar?
becued beef and potatoes cooked, but
no tables nor cveu boards for the men
to eat on had been erected in consequence
of the impossiblity of getting lumber.
Consequently the mon were marched up
iu companies with their tin plates and
tin cups in their hands, and after stand?
ing for au hour received their rations,
aud carried them to their tents.
Thc Northern companies arc magni
ficent?y fixed. The Maryland Regi?
ment Las a wooden frame saloon with j
tables and seats sufficient to accom modate j
the whole of their nine hundred men !
The New York companies and the New j
Jersey companies have elegantly fi;toil j
up tout.-; with beard fluors covered with j
carpets and supplied with eli airs and ;
beds. Their cuting quarters are large j
and supplied with every convenience;; j
Despite thc discomforts, however, j
the South Carolina battalion will sleep !
v ithout rocking to-night. a:;d they have j
every reason to b? pleased wita thc com- i
pliijients paid to ? heir appearance. As j
the battalion was marching from thc ;
boat to thc c :n:p it wv greeted all:
r:i*w.? the lint vrjSi ? ' ; -om people j
who lilted ihn !..
mMol U. C. CoY?n, -'niied S&s jN
Ar:?iv, ?ti a st cr of c?r?monie:? o? ?hc cele- : ;
br arion, -aid: to Senator j>uiier to-day. j <
that ?heSouth Carolina 1'altaiion were1:
thc linest-looldng body of soldiers on ; I
the ..eld This is a great compliment ' i
from a competent source. ? t
It is hard, after, so sh-ert au expo- j )
ncuee. LO give a fair ;;iea of what may
be expected at Yorktown. My experi?
ence up to this time has been a pretty;
rough one, and I don't wonder that
Cornwallis surrendered. Indeed, if a
man would surrender anywhere it would
be herc. Charges for evertir?a? are
exorbitant, accommodations are wretch?
ed, and the thing is so big nobody knows
anything about anything. Time, how?
ever, may biicg order out of this chaos.
YOKTOWX, October 10-A heavy
shower last night lowered the tempera?
ture nearly twenty degrees and partial?
ly laid tbe dust, which had become a
serious obstacle to comfort. This morn?
ing opened fair and cool, and was ush?
ered in by thunderings from the French
and American vessels in York River
and from the batteries of artillery at the
encampment. Being thc chief day of the
celebration, the programme has been
elaborate and extensive, and the crowd
in attendance, exclusive of the military,
has been largely increased.
At 10 o'clock the French and Ger?
man guests were received on board the
Excelsior and thence were driven in
carriages to Lafayette Hall, where j
President Arthur and Cabinet, with a
number of Senators, heida reception for
about half an hour. The President,
leaning on the arm of Secretary Blaine,
shook hands with the distinguished vi?
sitors from across the sea and after?
wards received a number of prominent
guests from the several States. Among
these were Governor Hagood, Mrs.
Stonewall Jockson and daughter, (the
latter being with Representative Dar?
gan, of Sumter,) Congressman Richard?
son, and one of the governor's aides.
The President stood at the north end of
thc hall during the reception immedia?
tely under two large portraits of Wash?
ington aud Garfield bearing respective?
ly the dates 1781 and 1881. After the
reception the President walked out of
the hail arm-in arm with Mr. Blaine
and was followed by the French and
German guests, Cabinet officers, mem?
bers of the Senate and Gen. Hancock
and staff and Gen. Sherman and staff.
The party proceeded across thc plat?
form to the stand erected for the exer?
cises of the day. As the President
made his appearance there was a faint
cheer, and two men hallooed ''Hurrah
for Sherman" when that officer passed.
When Gen. Hancock reached the stand
however, three times three cheers were
given with notable enthusiasm, and
when the General recognized the courte?
sy by raising his hat, thc applause be?
came deafening.
Senator Johnson, of Virginia, the
Chairman of thc Centennial commission,
called the meeting to order, and Bishop
Harris of New York, opened the pro?
ceedings with prayer, during which he
invoked the special blessing of the Ai
rnightv God on Victoria and the Re
public of France. After the singing of
Poindexter's Centennial hymn by a
chorus cf voices, accompanied by the
Marine Band, President Arthur came
to the front and delivered au address,
which in point of brevity was a model.
Ile occupied only about five minutes,
delivering what he had to say from
memory. -He had not learned it well,
however, for he stumbled when he had
gotten through but a few iinos, and had
to start over and begin afresh to catch
the thread. He tripped np three times
and had to repeat over a sentence or
two to get going again. What he said,
however, was to the point aud was re?
ceived with generous applause. His al?
lusion to the French and German guests
beside him were especially applauded,
and were received by the recipients cf
the compliment with low bows and
broad smiles. Mons. Max Outrey one
of the French dignitaries, arose to re
spoud to the President. He prefaced
his remarks, which he read in English,
from manuscript, with a bow, which
brought his head in close proximity to
thc table in front of him. Ile is a dark
haired little man, strikingly ugly, but
surprisingly graceful He spoke pretty
fair Fnglish, but his voice being weak
he was not heard, save by those imme?
diately around him. He was received
enthuastically, and at the close of his
remarks was cheered vociferously.
Count Rochambeau, a descendant of
the revolutionary naval oinccr, followed
Mons. Outrey., delivering his remarks
in French in a quick jcrkey style, as if
his sole object was to get . through with
it. His allusions to the kindly relations
which had existed between France and
America for one hundred years, and
his hope that thc children of those pres?
ent would, with the same spirit, cele?
brate this day one hundred years hence,
was received with great cheering.
Co!. Von Steuben, the oldest living
descendant cf the revolutionary Von
Steuben, who was present with seven j -?
Dther descendants, responded as 'he re?
presentative of 'he German Empire.
He spoke in Germ?^, and alluded kind?
ly io tue progress and prosperity attain?
ed by America during the century, ex?
pressing the hope that thc friendly
relations always existing between the
United States and Germany would
aever be interfered with.
ne was followed by James Barron
Hope, of Virginia who read his Centen?
nial poem with fine effect.
The oration by thc Hon. R. C. Win?
throp, of Massachusetts, which follow?
ed consumed the rest of the day, occu?
pying two hours in its delivery. The
intendance at the staud, which numbcr
:d fully ten thousand when he started,
Jwindled down to about two thousand
tvhen he stopped, and the remaining
Programme was cut to save time.
The singing of the odes and anthem
?vas uot extraordinarily tine, the chorus
lumbering only fifty or sixty voices, in
.lace of thc three hundred advertised.
It is a striking fact that tho majority of
he people pay no attention to the cerc
lionies. although they are supposed to
...e the attraction. Out of the twelve
h cusa nd soldiers in Yorktown to-day
tot ouo hundred, outside of thc regular
trmy o?Tiecrs, were present during the j ti
jeretnonics, and large numbers or* civic j o
guests from al; ?.he- States could bo seo:: j n
balking or driving over thc surrounding j b
?ounlry, examining the British batteries ! s
?nrveyiug the present encampment : 1
)f tho troops. Tho ceremonies aro loo ; o
"r\r:. am! the pec-pto got tired .?.? them mid j il
"hve before ?hey are half over. There j
? a good dca' of exclusiveness about j v
ho ceremonies, and thc scats are ?.-lose- j
y guarded for tho favored ones with ! ti
t i
tickets. Aside from a large dispia'
policemen, however, io keep back
crowd the arrangements arc very c<
mon and consist- merely of a large be
platform, an amphitheatre of seats :
a small wooden stand covered with fis
I have seen Hampton speak from tw
ty stands in South Carolina which wo
throw the one herc in thc shade b
as to size and tasteful decorati
When it is considered that the Cl
Magistrate of the United States and
representatives from two of thc greal
European countries were invited
speak from that stand to-day, it
enough to-make an American blush.
At thc South Carolina encampm
to-day everthing passed off with
special incident. The men slept
night and no sick arc reported. T
morning they had stewed oysters, ho
iny, bacon and beef with coffee. ?
arrangements for netting the men th
meals have been much improved sit
yesterday. A detail of four men Fri
each company receive the food for th
respective companies from the cate
in bulk and serve it up in the ti:
This saves long and weary waitir
The men still have to hold their pla
in their hands, and will probably ha
to continue to do so as there seems
chance of getting any lumber to cc
struct tables.
Thc officers of thc battalion and t
officers of the companies were invited
thc headquarters of the 13th New Yo
Kegimcnt this morniug and were han
somcly treated. The Michigan troc
have also extended many courtesii
Lieut. Vogdes, of thc 5th Artillcr
who is well known in Charleston, call
on the South Carolina troops to-day
company with Col. Loder, who is
command of Fortress Mohroc, whe
Lieut. Yogdes is now stationed. Th
were received warmly and extend
earnest invitations to our troops to cor
over to their headquarters and ma!
themselves at home.
The Catham Artillery is thc on
Georgia company present, and thc on
one which will be here. They arc 1
cated next to the South Carolina troo
to the east, and are nicely fixed. Go
ernor Colquitt and aides have arrive
and some of his staff will occupy ten
in the encampment. The Chathams
noon to-day tired a salute of oi
hundred guns from two brass pied
captured from Cornwallis one hundn
years ago to-day, and preseuted
this corps by Gen. Washington io 179'
Thc guns have been in the possessic
of thc Chathams for ninety years, arc
are the centre of attraction.
The South Carolina troops had a fu
dress parade at 5 o'clock this aftcmoc
on the parade ground near the encamj
ment. They were reviewed by Co
Thompson and Adjutant-General Man
gauit, and presented a splendid appeal
ance. It is in no boasting spirit th;
it is said that thc South Carolina troof
have attracted more notice and receive
more compliments for their appearanc
and soldierly bearing than any regimec
on the ground.
Thc troops have suffered greatly fror
thieves, and Gen. Hancock has issue
a special order for street guard duty t
bc performed at the regimenial quarters
Last night one cf the 13th Regimen
of New York caught a man in his tin
trying to steal bis overcoat and she
bim in the leg.
Of thc picturesque scenes of this da
the most beautiful and impressive wer
witnessed on the water. York Hiver
stirred into foaming swells by a fros!
md bracing breeze, looked bright am
beautiful in blue waves and tnowyeaps
Outlined against the water were th?
:rim black hulls and rigging of the mem
Dt-war, the white shapes of the rive;
?teamers, and thc bright sails and flag:
Df numberless small craft. Stcau
aunches aud tugs, full of naval ofiicer;
ind sailors, flashed across thc sparkling
A-aves from vessel to vessel. It was au
miniated and vivid scene, fascinating
:n every detail.
When Secretary Blaine read thc order
Df the President that in token of that
unity and friendship long cxis?ng be
:wcen the Uuited States and Great
Britain, and as an appreciation of thc
vindly interest of her Majesty, Queen
Victoria, in this country, the flag of
j?reat Britain be saluted by the military
md naval forces of the Union present,
t was thought to be a compliment as
graceful as ever decorated international
:ourtesies, and met with a cheer from
he immense audience which would have
uuch consoled George III if his Majes?
ty bad lived one hundred years later.
Sro doubt the idea was Blaine's. Oe
.cad the order as if it were.
After thc saint* ^ {'nc armv to j?~
LTlitlsii ting, the naval demonstrations
ook place. At o'clock a signal was
jiven and the Union Jack floated to the
>eak of the Trenton by the side of the
Jutted States flag. At that moment
he masts of thc seven men-of-war and
he half-dozen transports were manned
vith sailors, and the Trenton fired gun
fter gun, enveloping herself in a driit
ng fog of smoke. Then there was a I
?ause. A moment after a shot from
he Magicienne attracted attention to
icr, and it was seen that her masts were
Iso manned and that she seconded with
icr guns thc salute made by the Tren
ou. When the smoke had cleared
way, the tri-color of France rose on
he Trenton, and her guns roared out a
ecogoitiou of thc unexpected courtesy
f France. Thinking to-day of one
und red years ago, it seemed as grand
demonstration of good-will between
ld cuemics as the world bas ever secD.
Among thc picturesque incidents of
lie celebration was the illumination of
il the United States vessels with cobr
d lamps suspended from thc masts and j
igging. Fach ship was decked with j
offs of red, white and blue lights, form- j
lg a complete outline of the shape of j
he craft. In thc dark night not a spar ,
r rope could be seen-only the brilliant
oints of light stood out against thc j
lack background, making thc phantom |
hapes of shins riding on the waters. J
L, noded no imagination to fancy:
neself in an enchanted ring. Such au !
In mi nation ha* ber-n soldo::', sec ti.
Another anti a different piece of pic- i
?jrcsuucricss was the spectacle of a !
{assachusetts regiment en its retnru ;
rom its march through the dusty air of j
I Yorktown. Thc spruce white coats of
! the soldiers were layered with dry dust.
! and this evening they, with one accord,
; doffed and shook them vigorous!v.
j bach a spectacle and thc unanimous
' foging of dress coats was doubtless
never seen.
The air during thc whole of the after?
noon was filled with echoes of patriotic
strains from every quarter, the Marseil?
laise, Star Spangled Banner and Hail
Columbia being rendered from many j
fine bands. Thc American Band of I
Providence gave a magnificent concert I
in thc steamer Excelsior, on which were j
the Centennial Commission headquor- i
tors. The fire-works arranged for to- j
night were in a great measure omitted.
Randolf Disbrow, of Trenton, N J., j
had "both arms blown off by the prema- j
turo discharge of a cannon while pre- !
paring to fire a salute to Governor !
Thc following is President Arthur's
speech :
Upon this soil, one hundred years
ago, our forefathers brought to success?
ful issue their heroic struggle for inde?
pendence. Here and theo was estab?
lished, and is, we trust, made secure
upon this Continent for ages yet io
come, that principle of government
which is the very fibre of our political
system, the sovereignty of the people.
The resentments which attended and
for a time survived the clash of arms
have long since ceased to animate our
hearts. It is with no feeling of enthu?
siasm over a defeated foe that to day we
summon up thc remembrance of those
events which have made holy ground j
wherever we tread. Surely no such j
unworthy sentiment could find harbor j
in our hearts so profoundly thrilled with j
the expression of sorrow aud sympathy j
which our national bereavement has j
evolved from the people of England and j
their august sovereign, but it is alto- j
gelber fitting that we should gather |
herc to refresh ourselves with the con- j
templation of the unfaltering patriotism, j
sturdy, zeal and sublime faith which
achieved the results we now commemo- ?
rate. For I say that if we learn aught j
of thc lesson of the hour we shall be
incited to transmit to the generations
which shall follow us the precious le?
gacy which our fathers left to us-love
of liberty protected by law.
Of that historic scene which we here
celebrate no feature is more prominent j
and none more touching than the par- j
ticipation of our gallant allies from !
across the sea. It was their presence
which gave fresh and vigorous impulse j
to the hopes of our countrymen, when j
well-nigh disheartened by a long series
of disasters. It was their noble and j
generous aid extended in the darkest [
period of the struggle which sped the j
coming of our triumph and made the j
capitulation of Yorktown possible a cen- j
tury ago. To their descendants and j
representatives who are here present as J
honored guests it is my glad duty to j
offer a cordial welcome.
You (turning to the guests) have the j
right to share with us the associations |
which cluster about the day when your j
fathers fought side by side with our j
fathers in the cause which was here !
crowned with success, and none of the
memories awakend by this anniversary j
is more grateful to us all than the rc-1
flection that the national friendships j
here so cemented have outlived thc
mutations of a changeful century.
God grant, my countymen, that they
may ever remain unshaken, and that j
ever henceforth with ourselves and j
wich all the nations of the earth we may j
be at peace.
The President was not interrupted
daring the delivery of his address, but j
there was (Treat enthusiosm at its close
"The Star of Bethlehem."
In reply to a correspondent who j
asked to be told what is the large bril- ?
i hi nt star now visible near the seven j,
stars and which some persons call the i
'.Star of Bethlehem," the New York ?
Syn says:
Thc brilliant twinkler near thc P?ci- | ;
ades, or Seven Stars, is the planet !,
Jupiter. Thc star that is sometimes ! (
called thc Star of Bethlehem is not now j,
visible, although, according to the cal- ',
culations of some astronomers, another |.
appearance of it is due, and it may blaze j (
out at anv* moment. This star was last j j
seen in ?572, in thc time of Tycho j (
Brahe. It shone out suddenly where j,
no star was visible before, and was so j j
bright that it could bc seen at noonday. ;
It gradually faded, assuming various j
hues as it ?id so, until it disappeared, i *
This wonderf';! s'ar is believed to bave , 1
been seen in the years 1- and 94o. j ?
Its apparent period exten?e.; backward j
would indicate an appearance of this j j
star about the time of the birth of j s
Christ ; hence its name. Star of Bcthle- j <
hem. If you wish to know where to j,
watch for it. look some forty degrees to j j
the northwest of Jupiter, and you will j (
see a group of stars arranged thus : i j
! <
These arc in thc constellation Cassio?
peia, and the dot marked **S" shows j 1
where thc great star is expected to ap- j
pear. ! ?
A Judge's Charge Against j j
"Cornering." 1
At Chicago Wednesday Judge -[Tame- j1
sou charged the grand jury of thc cri- ? *
minai Court very plainly about * 'corn- j1
crs" in trade, which he characterized as j!
"a process of driving unsuspected deal- [ 1
crs in grain, stock and the like into a i
corral and relieving them of their pur- ; <
srts." Continuing, Judge Jameson
said : "However powerful thc combina- ? (
tion to defy the laws, and however diili- 1
cult to detect and punish the criinos, we j 3
rank ourselves with the criminal if we s
fail to bring thc terrors of the law to t
bear upon him. For one. 1 refr.se not i
to-hen E what lilis the ears of all to the j l
discredit "f thc business men and i
methods of this city. Thc crimes in- j rj
dicated arc being committed. it im- c
ports much that the validity of our !
statute and its sufficiency to reach the c
guilty parties should be carly tested." ,i
BSLV'GQ?. Wire ?'ence.
These fences are, so far as we sec
and learn, gair.iug in popularity. The
objection to them is first raised, of their
being liable to injure cattle, is practi*
cally without foundation. The spikes
or barbs are too short to do any rca!
bann. At the worst they could do
nothing more than scratch an animal.
Those that we hare seen struck us as
bei?g made of rather light wire ; but'
we suppose the manufacturers have
studied out deliberately this very es?
sential point. This fence possesses
other advantages beside merely turning
horses and cattle. It will do the same
for dogs and biped trespassers, which'
will prove very serviceable. The price
we should think is less than the com?
mon post and rail-fence, and will last!
equally as long. About wire fences of
every kiud one of the principal reasons*
of their requiring renewal much oftener
than otherwise would bc the case is the
neglect to repair them. There are
screws by which the wires are intended
to be tightened ; but they being seldom
used the wire stretches and bends, al?
lowing epeoings large enough for a goat'
to get through. A wire fence, by be-"
ing stretched whenever needed-which'
may be once in two or three years
would last at least twice as loog as they
commonly do. This is a valuable hint,
and we hope it will be taken.-Ger
mantoicn Telegraph.
-j> > m ? -
How to Make a Poultice.
Dr. Brunt?n, in 'Brain,' the new
London periodical, gives the following'
useful hints on this subject: The com-"
mon practice of making poultices by
mixing linseed meal with bot water and
applying it directly to the skin is quite
wrong, because if we do not wish to
burn thc patient wc must wait until a
great portion of thc heat bas been lost.
The proper method is to take a flannel
bag, the size of thc poultice required,
to fill this with the.linseed poultice, as'
hot as it can possibly be made, and to
put between this and the skin a second
flannel, so there shall be at least two
thicknesses of flannel between the skin
and the poultice itself. Above the
poultice should be placed more flannel,
or a piece of cotton wool, to prevent it
from getting cold. By this method:*
wc are able to apply the linseed meat*
boiling hot, without burning the pa?
tient, and the heat gradually diffusing
through the flannel affords a grateful
sense of relief, which cannot be ob-"
fained by other means. There are'
few ways in which such marked relief is
given to abdominal pain as by the ap-'
plication of a poultice in this manner.
Long Words.
'.Rob," said Tom. "which is tire'
most dangerous word in all the English
language to pronounce?"'
"Don't know," said Rob, "unless te
is a swearing word "
"Pooh !" said Tom, "it is stumbled,
because you are sure to get a tumble
between the first and the last letter."
"Ha, ha!" said Rob ; "now I've one
for you. I found it on : day in reading
the paper. Which is the longest word .
in ali the English language?.'
"Valetudinarianism," said Tom,
"No, sir, it's smiles, because there's
a whole mile between the first and last'
"Ho, ho !" cried Tom, "that's noth-'
ing ; I know a word that has over three
miles between its beginning and end?
ing !"
"Now, what's that," asked Rob,
"Beleaguered," exclaimed Tom, tri?
Paper Barrels.
Beside car wheels and other minor'
articles, barrels are now being made of'
paper They are manufactured of
straw pulp run ioto a mold made into'
the shape of one-half of a barrel cut
vertically. The pulp is reduced to the
thickness of three-eighths of an inch,
being subjected to a powerful hydraulic
pressure, and is then put into a steam
Iryer, the sides trimmed evenly and
thoroughly dried. The ends are also
aiadc of paper, but are protected by
rcood. Thc advantage of these barrels
)ver wooden ones is lightness, cheap?
ness and the prevention of flour sifting
)ut while in transit. They do not cost
nore than one-third thc price of wooden
Confederate bonds are worth in Am
:tcrdam ?12.50 for $1,000.^ They
jave been solo recently at ?? in Wall
The rise in Confederate bonds in
England is caused by the effort of
mme of the bondholders to get hold of
[$11,000,000 deposited years ago by
he Confederate government ia the
Dank of England. That gold, of '
:ourse, belongs to our government, and
t has been drawing interest for about
eighteen years.
Wc are glad to call attention to tho t
"act that the Mrs. Garfield fund closes
DU Saturday, and that no more s* "
scriptions are required, the atPtju^ j_
ccted now exceeds ?300,000, ^;cj, ?s.
i great deal more thar tjfl? ??rfieid,
.amily can possibly P'eedv
Ven nor deserves encouragement, not'
is a weather guessc;-, fc^as an example
if perseverance. Uaciecwtycd by con?
tinued failure^, ho- cheerfully an?
nounces thst ibu- remaiuder of this:
month will be mt and cold, with but;
accasionai pleasant days, and the predic?
tion is no sooner made than the sun
shines out warmly, the temperature
rises, and ali nature seems bent on
proving that ste is proof against pre
If thc spirite of the dead keep an eye
m their posterity, how worried must
L>e the shade of John Butcher who m
1760 opened a provision and grocery"
fiore in Philadelphia Five g?ner?
ions of Butchers carried on that Dust?
less since then, until now the firm;
:nown as "Washington Butcher's
?ons," has failed for a million dollars.
Che money acquired by former Butch
Ts in safe dealings has been lost irr
uckiess speculations. Surely, this is:*
mough to disturb the spirit of the oj??
nal Butcher. * -" v'

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