OCR Interpretation

The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, May 14, 1890, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1890-05-14/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

TSE SUMTER WATCDMAN, Established April, 1SS0.
Consolidate? Ans:. 2, 1881.1
"Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jofi?, tfef
New Series-Vol. IX So, 40?
Publics! ssery Wetoesday,
Two Dollars per an nu m-in advance.
A D V X R T I S B M B X 7 8 .
Que Square, first insertion.$1 00
?very subsequent insertion. 50
Contr?ete;-forthree mon t-?ia, or longer will
be made a^'|??aced rates.
AU communications vrhkrh subserve private
interests .willbe charged for aa advertisements.
ObitoarSPa??tributes of respect will be
charged for.
?. I. HOTT. H. A. HOYT
C. I. n07T & BRO.
Gold and Silver Watches,
Ql'ttfr*; Jewelry, Spectacles,
Feb 1
t SUMTES, & C.
THE UNDERSIGNED gives notice to the
citizens cf Sumter and vicini'y that he
?as opened business ic the store on Main
Street n?xt North of E. P. Ricker & Co.,
where be is prepared to do any work .pertain?
ing to Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry, and
guarantee satisfaction in same. Watcbes.de
magu?iixed by electricity, and key-w?oders
changed to stem-winders.
A call is solicited. L. E. LeGJRAND. ;
March 5 _A_
Citizens of Sumter and
Bare opened a
BMsil ai MwiM Slop.
At the old stand of John I Brtns?oi-. on Re?
publican Street, opposite Graham's S?afctes,
guarantee to do first class work irs every de
par traen t of their business, and ask the pat?
ronage of the citizens of Sumter and vicinity
Gir? us a trial. Come and get first dasi
work at bottom prices.
Feb. 12._ _
Fire Insurance Agency,
Represent, among other Companies :
?OME, of New York.
Capital represented, $75,000,000.
Feb. 12 ._; _
Attorneys at Law,
SUMTER, s. c.
March 26
Attorney at Law,
Will practice in Kershaw and aoja
cent counties. Mob. 12.
Next door to T. C. Scaffe.
Ian 1
L you a nrofit, get tbe new appliances for
eeping them. HIVES, FRAMES, SEC?
TIONS, FOUNDATIONS, fcc, at bottom
Send for price list to
Augusta, *_?:t.
N. B.-Beeswax taken in exchange for sup?
plies. Mob. 5.
Office over Bultman k Bro.'? Shoe Store.
Office Honrs-9 to 1:30 ; 2 30 to 5.
April 17-o
Qt. W. DICK,Hi. D. S?
Office over Bogie's New Store,
Office Hoars.-9 to 1.30 ; 2:30 to 5.
Sept 8
For the following
" well-known and reliable
Insurance Companies,
And solicit a share of the
, 2- ? % * ?Ti-'
Our rates are as low and our
policies as liberal as any first
class Insurance Companies.
THE QUEEN, of England.
of England.
of New York.
of New York.
of Philadelphia.
of Philadelphia.
of Newark, N. J.
To keep a first class stock of
i are too numerous to enumerate.
I invite the attention of close
buyers who desire first class
Call special attention to our
Butler and Teas.
Feb 12.
T?KT"W AnE!3
Sheet iron, Brass and Cop?
per Metal Work,
Pumps and Lamps of every de?
Only the best of workmen employed,
and the best of material used. Every?
thing done under my own supervision,
and all work guaranteed.
Kept during the season and
w411 be delivered to holders of
Corner Maia and Republican S:r?fts,
Sumter, S C.
April 30
W. K. GIB3ES, J8.5 & CO.,
Engines, Boilers, Saw Mills. Sec.
Deering Harvesting Machinery,
Thomas Rakes, Wind Mills,
Ice Plants,
Cane Mills and Evaporators,
Wood-working Machinery.
[a fact anything, from a Piow l'oint to
a Cotton Seed Oil Mill
A fair p:i(io allowed for old engines
iu exchange for new out fitts
w. ?ft it KID,
Mayeavllle, S 0
Agent for Sumter and Kershaw Co s
and Clarendon, East of Central K R
May 7-x_
in the latest style; fit and v.o'k war?
ranted and satisfaction guaranteed, by Miss
Ade'e Osteen, Republican streft. opposite
Harhy Avenue. Prices as reasonable HS good
work tun be dose for. Feb 8
The reason RADA M'S
the most wonderful med?
icine, is beca ".se it has
never faned in any in?
stance, no matter what
the disease, from LEPRO?
SY to th? simplest disease
known to tbs human
The scientific men of
to-day claim and prove that every disease is
Exterminates the Microbes and drives them
out of the system, and when that is done you
cannot have an ache or pain. No matter
what the disease, whether a simple case of
Malarial F?jver or a combination of diseases,
we cure them all at the s::me time, as we treat
all diseases constitutionally.
Asthma, Consumption, Catarrh,
Bronchitis. Rheumatism, Kidney and
Liver Disease, Chills and Fever, Fe?
male Troubles, in all its forms, and, in
fact, every disease knowu to the human
Beware i Mist Imitations !
See that our Trade-Mark (same ag above)
appears on each jug.
Send for book "History of the Microbe
Killer,'' given away by Dr. A. J. Cbina,
Druggist, Sole Agent.
J m 22
!y5s Cream baSm
Cleanses the ?Tasal Passages. Al?
lays Li?fimma?o?i. Heals the Sore3.
Restores the Senses of Taste, Sme)l
and Hearing.
Is acrreettb?e. IVi??-../>... r?t i.lrc:ciis:-? or by
rasii. ELY BJ80TH3 i : .' Warren Sc .Nev.- ?cifc
P?id tip Capital . . " . . . ?75,(>00 00
Surplus Fund. 7,500 00
Transarts a Geriernl Banking Business.
Careful artt-ntior given to collections.
Deposits of Si and upwards received. In?
terest allowed >it the rnte of 4 per cent per
annum. Pavanle quarterly, on 6rst days of
Januarv, April, Juiv and October.
Vice President.
Aug. 7. Cashier. j"
Transacts a general Bulking business.
Also hrs
A Savings Bank Department,
Deposits of Si.00 and upwards received.
Intered calculated at the rate of 4 per cent,
per annum, payanle quarterly.
A. WHITE. JR., PresiJent.
Cashier. J
Aag 21.
Wi!! fumi>li lowest estimates on all
kitids of machinery :
Write to me f?!r prices before buying.
General Agen',
Feb lO-o Columbia. S. C.
Merchant Tailor,
Opposite tho Opera House,
Hi* now in store the finest stock of piece
goods cv. r offered t.y him. v. di? h will !.(. made
up to or.iel in the U-st >? v Ic and iv h prompt?
ness. Sati>fjc?i<?li Kuar?nteed. Au t.\.:i:ji
nafion of <.?.'. !; ?? ::. i ;:?.!.
The public are invited t<> c.-i!! and in?
spect our new .-t?? ck of
Sprigg zsnd kzuum:-?
Children's and Infants' Lare Caps.
Hats and Bonnets,
Orders intrusted to cir c:>re will r?'-<-ivo
I rompt attention.
April 0
Ey Capt. CHARLES EDTGr, ?. S. A.
Author of " Dunraven Ranch," "The Colo?
nel's Daughter" "Marions
Faith" ?Vc , ?Vc.
I p^pyright, by J. B. Lippincctt Company, Plata
I delphia. nvA published by special iirruu^ament
j wi til cii em. J
Talk of it he had to. Tho major early
that morning asked him, as they were
going to the matinee:
"Have you seen Elayne yet?"
"Not since he reported on the parade
yesterday," was the curt reply.
"Well, I suppose you will send men to
help him get those quarters into habita?
ble shape?**
"I will, of_courso, major, if he ask it.
I don't propose sending men to do such
work for an officer unless the request
"l?o is entitled to that consideration,
Rayner, and I think the men should be
sent to him. Ee is hardly likely to
ask. "
"Then he is less likely to get them,"
Raid the captain, shortly, for, except the
post commander* he well knew that no
o??iecr could order it to be done. He was
angry at the major for interfering. They
were cid associates and had entered ser?
vice almost at the same time, but his
friend had the better luck in promotion
and was now.his battalion commander.
Rayner made an excuse of stopping to
j speak with the officer of the day, and
I the major went on without liku. Ile
j was a quiet old soldier; ho wanted no i
i disturbance with his troubled friend,
i and. like a sensible man. he turned the
J mattel over to their common superior,
i in a very few words, before the arrival
j of the general audience. It was this that
had caused the colonel to turn quietly to
Rayner and say, in tlie most matter of
fact way:
"Oh. Capt. Rayner, I presume Mr.
Kayne -?viii need three or four men to
help him get his quarters in shape. I
I suppose you have already thought tc
j send them?"
j And Rayner flushed, and stammered,
I "They have not gone yet, sir; but I liad
-thought of it."
Later, when the-sergeant sent t!ic re?
quired detail he reported to the captain
in the company office in five minutes:
i "The lieutenant's compliments and
thanks, lut he does not need the men."
The dinner at thc colonel's, quiet as it
: was and with only eight at table, was au
affair of almost momentous importance
to Mr. Elayne. It was the iirst thing of ?
j the kimi he had attended in five years, j
and though he well knew that it was in- ;
tended hy tho cavalry commander more
especially aa a recognition of ther.ervices
rendered their suffering men, lie could
cot but rejoice in tho courtesy and tact \
with which he was received and enter
i tamed. The colonel's wife, the ad ju- j
I tani's, and those of two captains away j
with the Seid Lat talion werethe four ladies
who were there to greet him when, es?
corted by Mr. Blake, he made his appear
I ance. How long-how verv long-it
seemed to him since he had sat in the
presence of refined and attractive women
and listened to their gav and animated
chat! They seemed all such good friends,
they made him so thoroughly at home, ?
and they showed so much tact and ease
that never once did it seem apparent
that they knew of his trouble in his own
regiment; and yet there was no actual
avoidance of matters in which the Killers
were generally interested.
It was mainly of his brief visit to the
east, however, that they made him talk
of the operas and theatres he had attended,
the pictures he had seen, the music that
' was most popular: and when dinner was
over their hostess led him to her piano,
and he played and sang for them again
and again. His voice was soft and sweet,
and, thougli it was uncultivated, he sang !
with expression and grace, playing with
more skid but less feeling and eirectthan
he sang. Music and books had boon the
solace of lonely years, and he could j
easily see that he had pleased them with
his songs. Ile went home to the dreary
rookery out on Prairie avenue and
laughed at the howling wind. The bare
grimy walls and the dim kerosene lamp,
even Sam's unmelodious snore in the
hack room, sent no gioom to his soul. It i
had been a happy ?vening. It had cost j
liim a hard struggle to restrain the j
emotion which he had felt at times: and j
when he withdrew, soon after the j
trumpets sounded tattoo, and the ladies j
fell to discussing him, as women will, j
there wari but one verdict-his manners
were perfect.
But the colonel said moro than that.
Ile had found him far better read than j
any other officer of his age he had ever
met: and one and all they expressed the j
hope that they might-see him frequently, j
No wonder iL was of momentous import
ance tor him. it was the opening to a ?
new life, lt incant that here at least he j
had met soldiers and gentlemen and their
fair and gracious wives who had wei- !
coined him to their homes, and, though i
they must have known that a prill of sus ?
pieion and erinn' had overshadowed his j
past, they believed either that he was in- ;
n< ?cent of the grievou ?; charge or that his !
years of exile and suffering had am ph j
atoned lt wasa happy evening indeed
to him: but there was gloom at Capt j
Rayner's. i
The captain himself had gone out soon
after tattoo. He found that the'parlor
was lilied with young visitors ?.;' Loth
s( >;e.-;. nn i he was in no mood f..r merri
merit. Miss Travers was I icing welcomed :
to the post in genuine army style, and
was evidently enjoying ii. Mrs. Rayn< r j
was Hilling nervously in and out of the
parlor with a cl?-ui 1 upon her brow, and ]
f>>r one:- ia L r life compelled to preserve ?
tem ?>t>rary si lenee u pon the subject up
per most in her thoughts; S:?- hud l>een j
forbiddi ii t*? speak of it to her husband:
\. i she I: nev. he had gone out again wit ii
ev? ry pi'obabd: \ ol n -eding some one i
to talk lo about the matter. She could
n<>! well broach the t- pie in the parlor
;?.. use she was lint :it all sure how !
? apr. and Mrs C;v- or tho cavalry ?
Would i.,'.-- ?:. ;jn?! they Wel'e' -"di i'll Te. ;
She was a loyal wife: her husband's
t jua rr- 1 was hers an ! more, t ?e. and she ,
vasa woman of intuition ev- n keefer
th: tu thai which we so read i h aeeoid the
-rx Slie knew, and knew wv]], that a .
hide,.:;: doubt hail bee., previ,:-; (.,;?;,
I? ?ng time in her hu -I und's heart of
h ear: s. and r'-.r knew still belier that it j
Would crush- him t . > !?elie\ e ?j wa ; .even
suspected by any one ?Ixe. Ri-ht cr
wrong, til- one thing for lier t > <; .. she
d<?iiIited r:?.|, was t > maintain iheorir^i- j
hal guih :.-ni-,t ail conn rs, an-! to lose |
no opp;? rt ; lit . of f; cd i ag the l?ame that
.oasuined Mr. I layne's record and repu?
tation ile was guilty-he n u t be
. 11 .' 1 ; \ . a .<! though she was a Christian
lecording io iii-r view of tho case- a pil?
ar of the church in matters ol' public ?
charity and picturesque conformity tc
all the rubric called for in the services,
and much that it did not-she was unre?
lenting in her condemnation of Mr.
To those who pointed out that he had
made every atonement man could malic
she responded with the severity of con?
scious virtue that there could be nc
atonement without repentance and ?to re?
pentance without lunn ii itv. Mr. Kayne's
whole attitude was that of stubborn pride
and resentment. His atonement was
that enforced by the unanimous verdict
of his comrades, and even if it were so
that he had more than made amends for
his crime the rules that held good for
ordinary sinners were not applicable to
an officer of the army. Ho must be a
man above suspicion, incapable of wrong
or fraud, and once stained he was for?
ever ineligible as a gentleman. It was a
subject on which she waxed declamatory
rather too often, and the youngsters of
her own regiment wearied of it. As Mr.
Foster once expressed it in speaking of
this very case, "'Mrs. Rayner can talk
more charity ?and show less than any
woman I know.*' So long as her talk was
aimed against any lurking tendency of
their own to look upon Harne as a possi?
ble martyr, it fell at times on unapprecia?
tive ears, and she was quick to see it and
to choose her hearers; but here was a new
phase-one that might rouse the latent es?
prit de corps of the Riflers-and she was
bent on striking while the iron was hot.
If anything would provoke unanimity of
-action and sentiment in the regiment,
this public recognition by the cavalry,
in their very presence, of the man they
cut as a criminal was the tiling of ail
others to do it, and she meant to head
the revolt.
Possibly Gregg and his modest help?
meet discovered that there was some?
thing she desired to ''spring*1 upon the
meeting. The others present were all of
the infantry; and when Capt. Rayner
simply glanced in, spoke hurried good
evenings, and went as hurriedly out
again, Gr- gg was sure of it: and marched
his wife away. Then came Mrs. Ray?
ner's opportunity:
'.If it were not Capt. Rayner's house,
I could net have been even civil to Capt.
Gregg. You heard what ho soid at the
club this morning, I suppose?"
In one form or another, indeed, almost
everybody had heard. Thc officers pres?
ent maintained an embarrassed silence.
Miss Travers looked reproachfully at her
flushed sister, but to no purpose. At
last one of the ladies remarked:
"Well, of course I l>eard of it, but
I've heard so many different versions.
It seems to have grown somewhat since
"It sounds just like him, however,"
said Mrs. Rayner, "and I made inquiry
before speaking of it. Ile said he meant
to invite Mr. [layne to his house to-mcr
row evening, and if the infantry didn't
like it they could stay away.*"
-Well, now, Mrs. "rayner," protested
Mr. Foster, "of course none of us heard
what he said exactly, but it is my expe?
rience that no conversation was ever re?
peated without being exaggerated, and
Frc known old Gregg for ever so long,
and never heard him say a sharp thing
yet. Why, he's the mildest mannered
fellow in the whole -th cavalry, lie
would never get into such a snarl as that
would bring about him in five minutes."
"Well, he said he would do just as
the colonel did, anyway-we have that
straight from cavalry authority-and
we all know what tiie colonel has done.
Ile has chosen to honor 3Ir. Ilayne in
the presence of the officers who de?
nounce him, and practically deiies the
opinion of the Rillers."
'.Dut, Mrs. Rayner, I did not under?
stand Gregg's remarks to be what you
sar, exactly. Blake told me that when
asked by somebody whether he was go?
ing to call on Mr. Hayne, Gregg simply
replied he didn't know-he would ask
the colonel."
"Very well. That means he proposes
to \rc guided by the colonel, or nothing
at all; and Capt. Gregg is simply doing
what the others will do. They say to us
in so many words: 'We prefer the so?
ciety of your bete noire to your own.'
Tiiat's the way I look at it," said Mrs
Rayner, in deep excitement.
It was evident that, though none were
prepared to indorse so extreme a view,
t?tere was a strong feeling that the colo?
nel had put an aliront upon the Riflers
by his open welcome to Mr. Elayne. He
had been exact in;.: before, and had caused
a good deal of growling among the oih
cers and comment among the women.
Tliey were ready to find fault, and here
was strong provocation. Mr. Foster wits
e. youth of unfortunate ami unpopular
propensities. Ile should have held his
tongue instead of striving to stem the
"I don't uphold Ilayne any more than
you do, Mrs. Rayner, but it seems to me
this is a case where the colonel luis to
make some acknowledgment of Mr
[layne's conduct"
'?Very good. Let him write him a
letter, then, thanking him in the name
of the regiment, but don't pick lum up
like this in ?Ive lace of ours," interrupted
one of tiie juniors, who was seated near
.Miss Travers (a wise stroke of policy:
Mrs. Raynor invited him to breakfast),
and ti:? re was a chorus of approbation.
"Well, hold en a momont,"said Foster.
.?Hasn't [he colon? I had every one of us
to dinner more or less frequently?"
"Admitted. But what's to do with ii?"
"Hasn't If invariably invited each
o??eer to dine with him i?? every case
w here an o?? ic? r has arrived?"
"Granted Bat what then?"
"IT h.? broke tho rule cr precedent in
Mr. Hayne's ease wot:!.! he ii"t pro clie?
nt* iv be ?lying that he indorsed the views
of t!recourt martial as opposed to those
nf tl." d partment coruman?!? r. Gen
Sherman, the secretary of war, the prest
d< ::t ? if the United"
"v>h, make out your transfer papers.
Foster. Von ought to be in., the cavalry
>.;. s.uno ot in rdisputatious branch of l!;<
:.. \ \ to?;*" birr t in Mr. Graham.
..I cl .clan-. Mr. Foster. 1 never thought
yon would abandon your color.-.," eaid
M rs. Ra} tier.
"1 haven't, madam, and you've no i
righi to say so." said Fost'ir. indignantly, j
..! simply hold thai uny attempt to-work I
up a regina nial row out of t!,i i thing I
make b:e.l infinitely worse, and 1 I
?] ?oreeafe the whole busin ss." ?
. m i
"d Suppose you mean to intim::!;?-that
Capt.. iCuyners position and thal ci the {
ire huent is bad- all wrong -that Mr. !
lt tyne bas h en perse* ut,d." s ?id Mrs. j
lia} :.. r, with trembling lips and cheeks
aila me. j
"Mrs. Rayner, yon are unjust." said ,
pof.r Foster. "I ought n-?t to U;yo un
il r?.'iken t" explain or d,-f?nd the eol
eu. Ps net, p rhu ps. bm 1 mu not disloyal
t.. my reg? mei :1 or rm colors. What I
want is t?> prevent further trouble: and j
I know that anything bk" a concerted |
rei utment of the colonel's invitation !
will lea I to iniin.il ? hann.*" j
"You may cringe and bow and bear it !
if \>.i! choose; you may humble yourself j
to su, li ;i piece of i:? oJel.ee, but rest as- !
sured there are plenty of men and wc
en in the Riflers who won't hear it, !
Foster, and for one I won't.'' She 1
risen to her full height now, and 1
eyes were Mazing. "For his own sat
trust the colonel will omit our nae
from the nest entertainment he giv
Nellie sha'n't"
"Oh, think, Mrs. Rayner," interrupi
one of the ladies, "they uiust give hej
dinner or a reception."
"Indeed they shall not! I refuse
enter the door of people who have
suited my husband as they have."
"Hush! Listen!" said Mr. Graha
springing .ward the door.
There was wondering silence an
"It is nothing but the trumpet sour
ing taps," said Mrs. Rayner, hurriedly
But even as she spoke they rose
their feet. Muffled cries were bea;
borne in on the night wind-a shot, th
another, down in the valley-the qui
peal o: the cavalry trumpet.
"It isn't taps, it's fire!*' shouted Gi
ham from the doorway. "Come on!"
The Sub-Treasury Humbi
Congressman Cothran Knocks A B
Through the Bili-A JVarning to
Farmers of the JSoiith not to
Caught icith Chaff
[News and Courier.J
WASHINGTON, Apr;! 27. Judge Cot
ran Representative from the 3d, Soc
Carolina District, bas received so ma
letters of inquiry from his constituer
in regard to the sub-treasury bill, tl
he famishes the following copy of
answer to one of them, with the ho
that through the News and Courier
may reach all his constituents :
WASHINGTON, April 22, 1890.
Mr. A. M. Guyton, Picrceiown,
C-My Dear Sir: Your letter of t
14th instant bas been received. In
writing io behalf of yourself and .neig
hors, you asked me "orease to tell
(you) what the bill (kuowo as the su
treasury bili) proposes to do ; also yo
(my) views concerning said bill.*'
Acknowledging at the outset and
the fullest estent the right of every oi
of my constituents to demaod of m
as their Representative, at all time
informatiou upon public 'questions,
promptly and cheerfully comply wi
your request.
Upou the subject referred to by yo
two bills have been introduced in tl
present Congress, one io the SeDa
and one in the House I send to you
copy of each o? the bills. Upon ea(
of them you will observe the won
"by requests in legislative ethic
this simply means that ?be Senator [M
Vance] aod Representative [M
Pickier] who introduced them are m
thereby necessarily committed to thei
The bills provide for the storage i
ware houses of all kinds of farm pr<
ducts which are suitable for storag
aod shipment and not of an immediatel
perishable nature These ware housc
are to be built all over the country, i
an estimated expense, to be borne b
the Government, of something lik
$50.000,000. Upon the products s
stored ceiti?cates shall be issued by th
Government, and to the amouut of 8
per cent of the value of the articles s
stored the Government shall lend t
the holders of these ceitifioates, o
receipts, money at the rate of 1 per ceo
per annum.
The obvious reason of the demand fo
this extraordinary legislation is th
present depressed condition of th
agricultural interests all over th'
United States, and especially iu th
Western and Northwestern States. Th
burning of corn for fuel io the State o
Kansas is the most complete and sum
marized giatemeot of the cause. Thi:
is so far from being applicable to tin
farmers of South Carolina aud of tb<
Southern States that it may bc well t(
reflect very seriously before we give
to the proposed measure our support.
As I am now serving as your Repr??
sentative in Congress my last term, ii
seems to me that I am in a position tc
deal with you in a spirit of the utmos
frankness, and altogether freed frou
any possible charge of demagogy in
saving, that ? regard the farming in
terest of the country as embracing its
very boee and siuew-the maiostay
and support of the Government itself.
These interests are suffering from
over-production, and for the want ol
adequate means to transport the tre?
mendous surplus of products to mar
kcts beyond our owu borders.
On account of cheap and fertile lands
in the West and Northwest, the vast
tide of immigration that has steadily
flown thither for the last twenty-live
years, the bulky nature of the?r pro?
ducts and their remoteness from the
markets of the East and of the world,
the prices real zad have not been remu?
nerative. Besides, thc cst of living
and of production has been greatly in?
creased by ari unjust, unnecessary and
oppressive system of tariff taxation,
resulting in a widespread and almost
u ii i versal network of farm mortgages,
given to secure money advanced by
Ivistcrn capitalists The census of the
present year if correctly taken, will be,
in this regari!, an appalling disclosure
to the whole country. If required but
a ?drible good providion crop io the
Sou'h, willi v. h ?eli we were blessed la>t
year, to bring ab.un*, the catastrophe
and along with it this demand for relief
tn thom (not to us.) which h rs found
expression in tho proposed sub trea?
sury bill
1 do not believe that this picture is
overdrawn or exaggerated. \ >u nr:y
r.-li, how is if wi:li ourselvesi? Many
won Id doubtless an>wer, had enough, j
In my travels over the District last-j
summer, which took me once ruto your [
own excellent neighborhood. I did not I
find a single farmer who attended to
his business half as well as he could ;
have doac that was not prospering. I
could name a number of them, whom ;
yon know n> well or better than I do. |
a To come directly to the point: Sup
pose a Government warehouse should be i
erected at Piercetown. what would
you or your neighbors put in it ? Cotton
bales are well nigh the oYdy consider- !
able surplus products of your farm;
Nobody eats cotton ; it is too balky I
steal without almost certain and speed
detection to the thief ; and if yoa bai
no convenient place for storing it dunn
the time it is held before marketing,
few poles laid upon the ground and
temporary shed of loose planks wi
suffice for protect! rig ir from the weathe
?t is not so with the Western farmer
products, which must be careful!
housed and kept under lock and kej
Besides, what is the effect of withoh
ing these different crops from tl
market? From 1861 to 1S65 ti
world, by some means or other, mat
aged to get on without our cotton crop
In such years as we had from 1883 t
1889, if the corn, bacon and flour th;
we required had been in Govern mei
warehouses, cornered by law, as th
bill proposes to do, ours instead i
theirs would have been the land i
mortgages : the contest, as you mu
see, is an unequal one, and the ode
are all against us You can get oi
for a time afc lea?t, with worn an
patched clothing, but a lean and etnpt
larder who can long withstand ?
As bad as some may deem our cood
tion, it ought to afford them some rt
lief to contrast it with that of othen
Take the State of Iowa, for instanci
I bave already alluded, incidental!}
to corn burning Kansas. It appeal
from the agricultural statistics of low
for last year that the average yield <
corn, which is their main crop, wa
ol) bushels per acre, and the pri#; .<
the crib 20 cents per bushel-grn?
yield in money by the acre ?Q. Yo
can by proper care and attention brin
up any acre upon your farm, and tba
means every acre upon it, to produc
a bale of cotton-1.200 pounds in th
seed, the market price of which duriu
the past season was 20 czuts pe
bushel, the exact equivalent in valu
of the Iowa farmer's 30 bushels c
cern. Besides, you have 400 pound
of lint worth 10 cents per pound
against which to charge up the es
penses of production, and if it shoul
take $40 for that purpose, (which yo
know is not the fact.) you would a
least have ?6, the proceeds of the sal
of seed, as clear profit.
During my travels over the distrie
last summer I had the pleasure of at
tending several of the Farmers* Atliaoc
mee inga. I felt a deep interest ii
them, heartily approving every effort c
the country to better their condition
Like all the rest of mankind they, tor
make mistakes. I ventured ia
modest way to point out some of these
The burden of their efforts seemed t
be how and where to buy the cheapest
That I told them was very well, but i
is not the main thing. There is neve
much trouble to buy, if one has monej
with which to buy. It is vastly mor
important to have something to sell,
And so it is with one of the feature
of this sub-treasury scheme which it s
well calculated to catch gudgeons., bj
holding out the offer of lending mone;
at a cheap rate or interest. It matter
not what the rate of interest is, ia th,
end you will find that you have to foo
the bill. The present indebtedness o
the Government, whose mainstay ano
support you are, is in round uumber;
1.400 million dollars, requiring nearly
50 million'dollars to meet the annua
iuterest How how does it strike yoi
as a financial policy for one who owe;
1.400 million dollars bearing iuterest a
3 and 4 per cent to lend out his monej
at 1 per cent, per annum, to say nothing
of paying out other millions for wan
houses far salaried official? and so on, ir
order to get a chance to commit such
stupendous folly? Common sense
sound reason and good judgment are
just as necessary in managing th?
affairs of government as ttVy are in
conducting a farm, a store or a bank.
Some persons of much financial skill
and energy may handle successfully
borrowed mon^y. These constitute the
excepMou to the rule. The rule itsel!
is exactly the reverse of this.
A lesson of more value to our people
than any politico-financial device that
can be couccived of is to be found rn the
practical precept, borrow not at all.
In the frankness that shall character
iz ? this Utter, I waru you against ex
treme men and measures. The old
paths are the safest. Very soon I shall
rake my place with you again in the
ranks, and for my own part, in the
struggle that lies just ahead of us. I
pray that we may have the best, the
truest and the wisest of leaders. Ac?
cepting as von h:ive done in the utmost
good faith the results of the late war,
having a<!npted yourselves as best you
c:>uld to the changed coudition in your
alf-irs. you do not realiz% the bitter
prejudice that the Republican politicians
stiil have towards you. They are fully
determined, if they can to pass the bill
now pending in Congress, to regulate
and control the Federal elections, in the
State. Its machinery, meant solely for
the Southern States, is to be set in mo?
tion upon the petition cf live hundred
voters in any one of the Congressional
districts These will readily be found
in every Congressional district of the
State lately engaged in the rebellion
(so-called) and not in one of the States
that adhered to the Union Should the
bili become a law the struggle of 1870
will he ronew-'d in South Carolina, and
you will need all of the wisdom, all of
tho moderation, all of the enthusiasm
a tu! devotion without which the splen?
did victory would have been turned info
disastrous defeat
There aro other grave and important
questions that 1 would gladly bnrig to
3eur attention, and many other strong
reasons that might bo given in opposi
tion to this proposed raid upon the
treasury, hut this letter has been exten?
ded far beyond the limits proposed at
the oatset. ? would like to call your
attention to the unholy alliance between
the farmers cf the West and the
Knights of Lahor, which bodes no
good to u*. See their effort already
made to depress about the only exclu?
dive Southern industry, cotton seed oil,
by the passage of what is known as the
compound lard bill. Look at the exor- ?
bitnnt demand for pensions, already re- ?
quiring more than one hundred million
dollars annually, and thc end not yet. !
It ha? been just cause of pride with us '
that oar regalar army rs so small anet
inexpensive, and to day no monart?h^
io the Old World pays as m?ch 16 l&p
op its s tao di og army as we pay for pefc*
sion s.
I have refrained from stating th?
constitutional objection to tbe sab
treasury bill j that is of the nature
techoical law, bat for that matter #W
law is technical ? this abjection is stf
obvious that I dc not believe tbe bill
will ever be reported by tbe committee"
to which it has been referred. If it
should be, and should be passet bf th?
two houses of Congress, { da not be*
Heve the president wilt approve it, and
I have no doubt brit that the Suprem*
Court would declare it to be toeonatr*
There is no warf ant in the ?onstit?
tion for the Government ever becoming*
a money-lender. It bas tbe power bf
various methods to levy taten, ta bar?
row money on the credit of the United
States, to regulate commerce witb foi?
eign countries and between the States $
and there ar? sundry other powers dele"*
gated to it by the States, bat by oe*
process of construction, however strain*
ed, unless it be as boys at school some*
times get the answer to their sams, by
"forging,'" can this time-nonored though
much abused instrument be made tr>
yield such a result.
The matter of greifest concern to th?
people of Sooth Carolina is the preser?
vation of the integrity and polities!
supremacy of the white race, which can
alcue secure the perpetuity of th? fire*
sent form and methods of good govern?
ment. The experiment of carpetbag,,
scalawag and negro role has been tried
and endured as long as it was possible*
to bear it. Bat when I bear wholesale*
charges of profligacy and corruption
made against, those who hate fartbffflty
discharged their oScial da-ties is eterf
department of the Sute gdf?ffiin?tft*
charges unsupported by a tittle of proof,
and too often listened to wkb willing
ears, I can but fear that man^ are" bf?
ginning to regard our deliverance a#
assured for all time, and that for k#
con tin nance little or fio vigilan oe ? reac?
Accept my thanks for tue opporianf*
ty afforded by your letter of giving ft*
you and to others this expression of mt*
views, and trusting if they are correct
as I believe them to be, that yon will
concur in them, ? act Very respectfoTijf
and trrily yours,
J. 8. COTHBi?i
A Startling Statement.
COLUMBIA, S. C., May 7.-Tfcefe" fe
now very strong reason to believe thai
the affidavits and letters which seccretf
the respite for Leap heart were forgeries,
lo regard to the affidavit with Charlie"
Cannon's signature attached aod allege
iog to have been sworn to before J. P.
Bodie, notary public, April 2&h, Bodicf
has written a letter for pablicatioo nt
which he says : "He made no such affi?
davit before me. I did not even see*
Mr. Cannon on that day.* jfWs s&
davit was to the effect that ?utb Cao*
non declared that Leapheart bad noi
attempted to assault her and only ratet*
ded robbing the boase.
Capt. J. B Wingara*, to? ?f?offief
who assisted in the prosecution of the*
case on behalf of Mis3 CfaoBon, arrive?!
here to-day and said that be visited Miss1
Cannon this morning, who stated opoff
her word of honor that she did not
write a line to her mother and that ail
the letters published, alleged to be to*
ber mother aud corroborating the al?
leged statement to ber brother, were?
forgeries and. that she would malte ?fr*
davit to that effect at Lexington to-dif.
Captain Win gard said the affidavits4
were pure fabricates, hatched by
Lawyer Graham and Deputy Marshat
Miller aod if they bad been looirn affiv
I davits i fr rebut?a*} from Unimpeachable'
people could have been presented.-=CW?
limb ia Register
ma i i* mm*-:==
A ut hors and Poor Writing.
I wonder if authors have any idea o?
the decided advantage rt is to a manu-"
scrip: to have it clearly written or bv tlie'
typewriter? Again and again have I had
a manuscript lying on my table for*
month or two,- putting oil its reading
from day to- day because of tito poof'
writing. If authors had any conception1
of the value of clean manuscript io* edi-'
t-jrs, they would be far more careful her*'
they semi their wares to the editorial
o? lice than they are.
Take tins manuscript, for example? the*
authors name is a guarantee that there fer
something good in it. Yet. look at thai
chirography. I dread taking ?t np. It isr
positive t >rtnre. I am* patient with her,
becai.se 1 feel a personal interest hi her
literary welfare. Yeti know of two posi?
tive ins: Luces where her manuscripts
have been returned by editors- who ac*
knowledged to me afterward tlxti they
had not read them. Now, that wotoari
is inflicting injury upon herself. I tetf
you, there is nothing which makes me'
more prejudiced against a"mamrscript
than illegible writing.-Interview tn Ne"?
York Commercial Advertiser.
Is thc complaint of thousands j-uffering from*
Asthma, Consumption. Cotfghs. etc. Did juif"
ever try Dr. Icker's English Remedy? It i*
\ thc best preparation ?noWn for HM LOP?
Troubles. Sold on a positive guarantee at"
2?c and 5flc.. by J. F. MT. DeLorme. ?
-mm ? mmm - -
litnrantee Acker'.? Blood Elixir for ?t fias nef?
fully demonstrated to the people of this cottff*
try that it is superior to HI other preparation*
f.>r blood disease*. It i? s? positive cifr? fW
svphi?tio poisoning, C?Ccrs. Eruptions and"
Pimple?. It purifies tho whole system and
thoroughly builds up the constitution. Sol?
by J. F. \\\ DeLorme. 7
The rsost delicate constitution ca'o safely*
nfc ??. J. li. McLean's Tar Wine Lir.* BaloV
It is H ?ure remedy for cough?, loss of voice,
..ind ah throat and bing trophies. t?ap
Even the most vigorous and hearty people*
haye at times a feeling of weariness and lassi?
tude. To dispel this! feHine take Dr. J. H.
McLean's Sarsaparilla: it will impart vigor
and vitality. vlap
Thc transition fr<-m iong. lingering ?."nd pair?-'
ful sickness to robust health marks an epoch W
the I fe of the in ividural. Such a remarkable
cr?M?t i< treasured in th*1 memory and th?
?grncv whereby ihs c?**d health has b??en at
ifltaincd is gratefully blessed. J/euee it i* that'
so ni'ich is heard in praise o? Electric Bitters.
So raptly feel they O\T? their restoration to'
health, to the use of the Great Alterative *v?
Tonie If you .ire iron Med wi;h any disease*
of Kidneys, Liver or Stomach, of long or
short standing v-?u will sorely find relief by
use of Electric Bitter?. Sold nt 5?c and t>t
p.r bottle at J. F. W DcL-wac's Drugstore-. $

xml | txt