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IBB SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1950.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's.'
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone, 1366.
Consolidated Aug. 2, ISSI.
SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1894.
New Series-Vol. XIII. So. 26.
Wk Wt?tfam at? jStnrtijrflit.
Published Bray Wednesday,
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SUMTER, S. C.
CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSITORY.
Transacts a general Banking business
f Also has
A Sap||? Baak Beff?tment,
Deposits of $1-00 and upwards received.
Interest calculated at the rate of 4 per cent,
per annum, payable quarterly.
W, F. B. HAYNSWORTH,
P. REAMS, Pr?sident.
: > ? Os?bier?. . v
THE SIMONOS NATIOMl BANK
STATE, CITY AND COUNTY DEPOSI?
TORY, SUMTEK, S. C.
Transacts a General Banking Business.
Careful attention giren to collections.
? iJeposits^rf Si andropw?rds received. In?
terest allowed at .the rateof 4per cent.per
annora. . PAjabte quarterly, on first days of
Jaoaeryi ife k joly anJLQctoijer. .. S ~>
<:?-, z ? ^ Rv*. WALLACE,
L. S. CARSON, President.
Aug 7. Cashier;_
RICE MILLS, CORN MILLS,
. SAW MILLS,
RICE PLANTERS and RICE MILLERS can
boy a single machine, that witl clean, bull
sod pol ist rice ready for market for $850.
Corn millers can bny. best FRENCH BURR
MILL, in iron frame, Cally guaranteed-ca?
pt at j ten bushels meal per boar for $115.
Saw millers can boy'best variable friction
FEED MILL from $190 np to the largest
size, also Crang Rip Saws, Edgers' Swing
Saws, Planing Machines and all other Wood
Working Machinery. Atoo
Talbottfs Engines and Boilers.
Special discounts made to cash purchasers
Can meet any competition, quality considered
?Y C. BADHAM,
Apr 19-o COLUMBIA, S. G.
0? NEW YORK, THE LASGEST MONI ED
INSTITUTION IN THE WORLD.
Take your Accident Policy in the
Insure against Fire in
OP NEW YORK.
OP NEWARK, N. J. (
THE INSURANCE CO., OP
THE QUEEN OF AMERICA.
THE PHOENIX ASSURANCE
THE NORWICH UNION
THE MECHANICS AND
TRADERS of N. 0.
AB Krst Class and represented by
A. WHITE & SON,
Fire fiance Agency,
Represent, among other Companies :
LIVERPOOL * LONDON k GLOBE,
NORTH BRITISH IP MERCANTILE,
HOME, of New York.
UNDERWRITERS' AGENCY, N. Y.,
LANCASTER INSURANCE CO.
Capital represented $75,000,000.
NOTICE OF COPARTNERSHIP.
THE undersigned have associated them?
selves together as copartners for the
practice of law.
R. O. PURDY,
Ssmter, S. C., Dec. 22, 1893.
"Senator Irby "Snuflfe Treas?
on in the Tainted Gale."
Doesn't Want to see himself "Assassi?
nated in the Dark11-No Populist
Need Apply-Plain Language
From Truthful John.
WASHINGTON, Jan. ?6.-The follow?
ing reply has been made by Senator
Irby to a communication received by
bim frora the Hon. W. T. C Bates,
Bates, Treasurer of South Carolina:
United States Senate.
Washington, D. C., Jan. 16, 1894.
??on. W. T C. Bates, Columbia, S. C.
My dear sir: I have your letter of
the 14th inst, in which you make
inquiry as to what I think should be
done in reference to holdings fac?
tional convention of the Reform party
of South Carolina, to which I answer
hastily, but frankly.
I regret, as deeply as you, to see
divisions in the Reform movement of
our State. The purposes for which
it began have not been accomplished,
and cannot be, without the exercise
of harmony, justice, common sense
and fair dealing I have bad but one
purpose ?Tom the very beginning, and
that was to do my duty by it to the
very best of my ability. Notwith?
standing this, I have been persecuted
hy men, supposed to be prominent in
the Reform movement, from the very
beginning, until I made up my mind
that I would not submit to it any
longer, and appealed to - the true men
among us to protect me against such
Sf |t is my??auit that we have
these ?vidence? p? division in our
5State.. I fornoli^ np 'excuse for
ievery Reforinerwib goes into Colum?
bia from %e rural districts to the
State Uou8e to be taken one side and
groomed and prejudiced against
"Irby's management of the party,"
'when even the Antis themselves
acknowledge that my conduct as
chairman, bas been perfectly .fair. I
-am unwilling that a Third Party
leader shall take charge of the Reform
movement in South Carolina, and
thus dictate the nominees of the
Democratic party. J am satisfied
that the people of the State will not
submit to it, and the sooner he, and
others who expect to reap office
nuder him, find this out, the better
for him and the movement.
In answer you frankly as to what I
think ought to be done, so far as I
can see. There are six or seven
other candidates for gubernatorial
honors. These men have been true
and loyal, and are ?ll able men.
They are entitled, at least, to a fair
contest and the protection of the
principles of the first March conven?
tion, the most prominent of which
was the right of the' people to name
their candidates, iustead of a ring in
the State Ilouse. lt wifl be neces?
sary, before the campaign that is to be
led by me as Democratic chairman,
that these contests shall be settled
within the lines of our faction, and
thai after the people have bad time to
weigh arid measure them and con?
clude as to their choice, the success?
ful one shall be given the colors of
our faction ic meet the Conservative
faction ir- debate on the stump before
the general primary election. This
cannot be done with an early conven?
tion bad and snap judgment taken,
before the people have seen or heard
the various candidates who seek the
endorsement of the Reform party.
It savors too much of old ring rule
and Haskellite methods, and the peo?
ple will not countenance it.
This is perfectly fair and all parties
will be satisfied ; but the people, who
believe in the theory and system of
primary election, will not stand for
two or three men-one a leader of the
Third party and the self-constituted
spokesman of the Third party, the
other a traitor to the Reform party,
who seeks, as an emissary from the
enemy, to ruin the Reform party, and
other men who desire office-to fix
up a slate now, have it endo?sed by a
convention as eaify as March, and
rammed down their throats. I say
this, because if their scheme is allow?
ed to go through under the whip and
spur of the Register, the movement
cannot stand. Self respecting men
in it would rather go to the wall than
to serve under a traitor to his move?
ment and to see themselves assassi?
nated in the dark by men who have
claimed to be their friends, and the
people robbed of the benefits of the
vital principles of the first March
This has been written to you just as I
think it and believe it. 1 have tried
to be true to every man in the State
House and subjected myself to abuse
and criticisms in 1892 for leaving my
seat in the Senate to go to South
Carolina to work for them and their
re-election. I do not intend now to
be abused by them.
As you suggest, I, bejng the State
chairman, have no right to call a fac?
I bave never assumed or contem?
plated any such action, nor could
such a conclusion be drawn from any?
thing that I have said or written The
organization last presided over by the
Hon. 6. W. Shell is defunct, because,
when the crisis camein 792, we failed
to have seen or beard of any action
from him in behalf of the Beform
movement, and. besides its mission
was fulfilled as a political organiza?
tion as soon as its object was accom?
plished, to wit : the capturing of the
i whole State government by the peo?
ple. It, being a temporary organiza?
tion, could not exist longer than after
the inauguration of the State officers.
He, therefore, cannot call and control
a caucus or convention and the only
way for it to bt, done regularly within
our party Hues is, as suggested by
the Laurens Alliance resolutions, to
wit : That governor Tillman call
around him the leaders, draft mles
and call a convention if they see fit.
In conclusion, allow me to say that
1 will do more and go further to heal
breaches and unite our forces than
perhaps any man who has been treat?
ed as I have fn the house of my
friends ; but I wil; not submit to the
dictation of Third party leaders and
traitors to our movement, let the
consequences be what they may.
J. L M. IRBY
The Ire of John Irby !
He Hurls Defiance at the ' State
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. 1894.
To the Editor of The State :
?s much as I dislike to appear io
print io South Carolina, I feel con?
strained at this time, in justice to " my?
self and the Alliancemen of Laurens, to
I have been hounded, persecuted aod
misrepresented bj Kona, a representa?
tive of the New? and Courier in Co?
lombia, until forbearance bas ceased to
be a virtue. I have bad thrown into
my teeth my position as chairman of tbe
Democratic party by this man, and my
failure to harmonize the faction I repre?
sent, until it is necessary that the peo?
ple of tbe State shall know the truth.
He, with a lot of enemies of mine-so
called Reformers-in the State House,
undertook to maoufactore a sentiment
against me in the campaign of 1892 by
constantly publishing io his corre?
spondence, the fact that the Reformers
were anxious to be rid of me as their
leader, until Judge Ernest Gary, a
member of the committee, introduced
a resolution endorsing me unanimously
by the executive committee.
He bas started the same thing again,
knowingly and maliciously saying that
I am to be deposed as Chairman, when
he knows that I was elected in- Sep?
tember, 1892, to ho:d until September,
1894. I do not propose to surrender
the Chairmanship of che Democratic
party until my term of office is out, for
reasons which are to the interest of the
Democratic party : and I hope that
this will be thoroughly understood by
all the parties interested.
In the second place, T notice both
anti-Reformers and Reformers in Co?
lumbia have been misrepresenting the
objects and intentions of tbe Alliance
of Laurens in its meeting on last Fri?
day a week ago. To begin with, I
endorse every word and sentiment of
the resolution introduced by Mr. J.
Andy Jones as to% the Hoe of policy to
be pursued by the Reform movement in
South Carolina. The county Alliance
is composed of the best meo in our
county. They represent the Reform
sentiment of our county. They do not
intend-and it is very well for some
gentlemen of the State Honse to take
notice right now-to have a lot of men
foisted upon them without their con?
sent, Reform movement or no Reform
There can be no objection, except by
men who propose to take advantage of
the people of South Carolina, to the
postponement of the calling of the con?
vention, or to the other purposes of
these resolutions. I know it did not
sait the convenience of the clique of the
Reform movement that met on Friday
night in Columbia to name a candidate
-a farmer, but not ao Al Han ce rn an,
and opposed to the Ocala demands, who
undertook to increase the taxes of the
farmers-and that this convention be
postponed, for be is not in sympathy
with tbe people and the people will not
have him for Governor with a fair and
The Alliance of Laurens passed these
resolutions without intending to help or
injure anyone. They thought it was
for the best interests of the Reform
movement, and that the Reform faction
should, at least, be allowed to choose its
nominees, without interference or dicta?
tion from any man, high or low. I am
sorry to see that these men of Laurens
are to be mistreated by insinuations and
innuendoes from persons whose political
conduct heretofore has been such as to
bring in question, at least, their loyalty
to the Reform movement.
Mr. Editor, I want you and others in
South Carolina to understand that every
effort of mine has been and will be in
the interest and for tbe perpetuation of
this movement. l am going to stand
fearlessly by the principles of the Alli?
ance and every plank of the first March
convention ; and if corruption and
treachery shall dominate this movement,
then, I suppose, honest men will have
to take a back seat.
Wbat tbe people of South Carolina
want is honest meo, nominated io ao
honest way, by delegates selected io an
honest manner. Very respectfully,
J. L. M. IBBY.
What t?e Organ Says.
Tbe following appeared in the Colum?
bia Register of the 18th in reference
to Senator Irby's Letter. The first
paragraph was editorial and the remarks
following were io the local depart?
"Senator Irby's letter published
yesterday was in reply to a private,
personal letter to bim from Dr. Bates.
It does not seem quite courteous for
Senator Irby to take advantage of a
personal letter to air his grievanees io
the papers about matters to which the
letter did not refer. It does not seem
courteous for an answer to a private
letter to be blazooed to the whole
world and everybody allowed to read
the answer at the samo time with bim
who asked the questions, not
in public print but in a private letter.
Dr. Bates bas no desire to be drawn
into Senator Irby's controversies in any
way nor into any other controversy
between Reformers. His sole aim
io writing Senator Irby was to do bis
share to preserve harmony in the Re?
form ranks. Senator Irby's reply
appears not to have been actuated by
such an impulse.7'
The card of Senator Irby, published
in the papers yesterday, was the subject
of considerable talk.
At the State House nobody cared to
talk for publication,'but it is doubtful
if anybody there approved of anything
he said. The general opinion among
those of both factions on the streets was
that the Senator is making of himself a
political side show.
State Treasurer Bates did not like
the notoriety into which be had been
brought by the Senator's card, and
said so to a Register reporter. He said
that be was much surprised when be
saw the card. As to the intimation
that be is himself a candidate for
Governor, he said that there is no
foundation for it, and that the idea of
becoming and candidate for the
Gubernatorial nomination has never
entered bis head.
Will Carry Out the Law.
Columbia bas answered the County
Board of Control at last io regard to
the matter of making the police of the
city enforce the new State Dispensary
Law, and the reply is of such a nature
that the board will find it bard to
shut the city out of her share of the
profits, as far as the matter of malin g
every promise that could be expected is
The following is the reply of Mayor
Fisher to the recent communication of
the County Board of Control :
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jan. 17, 1894.
The County Board of Control, Richland
County. S. C :
Gentlemen : I am in receipt of your
communication of the 11th instant,
and, in reply thereto, beg leave to say
that our police force has been furnished
with the amended dispensary law, and
will be required to enforce this and all
other laws of the State and city, and
preserve the peace and dignity of the
State as well as that of the city, as far
as it is io its power.
W. C. FISHEB, Mayor.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jan. 17.-Train
No. 25, the fast mail south bound of
the Florida Central and Peninsular
road, was run into at 1:30 o'clock
this morning at Chester, S. C., by a
freight of the Georgia, Carolina and
Northern road. The Ricdmond and
Danville authorities here give out the
following ae the true facts of the
accident : The two roads cross near
Chester. The fast mail, with a num?
ber of sleepers attached, stopped at
the crossing, as is required bj rail?
road rules. The engineer in charge
of the freight train of the other road
appears not to have paid any atten?
tion to this rule.and ran down to the
crossing at the rate of thirty-five
miles an hour. He saw the fast mail,
but jumped from the engine and
allowed it to crash into the rear
sleeper of the main train. It is mar?
vellous that anybody in the sleeper
escaped death. This sleeper was
smashed and the sleeper next to it
was thrown off the track. Nobody
was killed and it is not thought that
any of those injured are fatally hurt.
Trouble at Rouse, S. C.
AUGUSTA, Ga., Jan. 17.-Word
comes to Augusta from Rouse, a settle?
ment near Jacksons Station, S. C., on
the Port Royal and Augusta road, of
trouble between white and blacks. An
attempt was made to arrest Jesse Jade,
a negro desperado, but bis friends sur?
rounded bis bouse and ambushed the
pos?e, wounding three of the constables,
one seriously. It is not known if any
of the negroes were hurt. More trou?
ble was feared to night, bot later advices
say all is quiet so far.
Tlie New Law Redistricting
AD Act to divide the State of Sooth
Carolina into seven Congressional
Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the State
of South Carolina, now met and siting
in General Assembly and by tbe au?
thority of the same :
Section 1. The 1st Congressional
district shall be composed of the coun?
ties of Charleston, Georgetown, Bean
fort, and of the township of Ander?
son, Hope, Indian, Kings, Laws, Mingo,
Penn, Ridge, Sutton and Turkey,
of the COUD ty of Williamsburg ; the
township of Collins, Adam's Ron,
Glover, Frazier, Lowndes and Blake,
of the county of Col le ton ; and all of
the county of Berkely, except such
townships as are embraced in the 7th
Congressional district below.
The 2nd Congressional district ebail
be composed of the counties of Hamp?
ton Barnwell, Aiken and Edgefield.
Tbe 3d Congressional district shall
be composed of the counties of Abbe?
ville, Newberry, Anderson, Oconee and
The 4th Congressional district shall
be composed of tbe counties of Green
ville, Laurens and Fairfield ; all of the
county of Spartanburg, except the
townships of White Plains and Lime?
stone Springs ; all of the county of Un?
ion except the townships of Gowdeys
ville and Draytooviile, and of the
townships of Centre, Colombia aod
Upper of the county of Richland.
Tbe 5th Congressional district shall
be composed of the counties of York,
Chester, Lancaster, Chesterfield, Ker?
shaw, and the townships of White
Plains and Limestone Springs of the
county of Spartanburg, and the town?
ships of Gowdeysville and Draytoo?
viile, of tbe county of Union.
The 6th Congressional district shall
be composed of the counties of Claren?
don, Darlington, Marlboro, Marion,
Florence, Horry, and the townships of
Lake, Lee's, Johnson's and Sumter,
and the town of Kiogstree in the county
The 7th Congressional district shall
be composed of the counties of Lexiog
ton, Orangeburg, Samter, *and the
township of Bell s, Givehams, Burns,
Cain. Dorchester, Hey ward, Koger,
Sheridan, Verdier, Broxton and War?
ren, of the county of Colleton, and ot
the townships of State James, Goose
Creek, St. John's Berkeley, and Lower
Township of the county of Richland
Section 2. In every case in which un?
der thc provisions of this Act the
townships of any county may not all
be in tbe same Congressional district,
it shall be tbe duty of the proper, board
of canvassers of such county in can?
vassing the votes of said couoty to re?
port separately the results of the vote
of such townships for tbe Congressional
district to wbich it may belong.
Section 3 In any case in which a
voting precinct may form part of
more than Congressional district, if no
other provision be made by law, the
commissioners of election for the coun?
ty in wbich such precinct is situated
shall provide for such precinct separa
rate boxes for every Congressional dis?
trict within which the said precinct
may be, and each voter at such pre?
cinct shall deposit bis ballot for mem?
ber of Congress in the box provided for
tbe Congressional district within
the limit of which said voter may re?
Section 4. That all Acts and parts
of Acts inconsistent herewith are here?
Section 5. That this Act shall take
effect on the first of September (1894)
eighteen hundred and ninety-four.
Dr. Leo, the famous healer of
rheumatism, stiff limbs and the like,
is doing wonders in Greenville. He
is a native of Jacksonville, Fla. He
advertises his medicine by erecting a
platform in a public place and asking
the sick to come there to be healed
The fiist was a white boy who had
not walked for weeks. He rubbed
him for some time using several
bottles of medicine and the boy
walked from the platform. Last
Saturday a man with a paralyzed arm
which hung lifeless by his side was
enabled after ten minutes rubbing to
work his fingers and raise his arm.
A woman, who had neuralgia for 36
years, was also apparently cured.
A little baby, 26 months old, had its
arm paralyzed all its life. After a
little rubbing it was able to move its
arm and use its fingers. His cures
seem rather wonderful -Carolina
Highest of all in Leavening Po
That Constitutional Conven?
j Let if not be forgotten by aoy intelli
! gent voter that the General Assembly
j has ordered the people of this State
! to decide at the next general election
whether there shall be a Constitutional
Convention, or not. If a majority of
of the voters fail to endorse the call,
then no Convention will be called.
: The whole responsibility is thrown
j no the people. How will they
meet it ?
Since 1876 there has been a
demand for a Convention. The rea?
sons about fifteen years ago were ae
follows : The two-mill tax levy for
school purposes should be abolished
to prevent the negro from getting
money for public schools. The
Constitution needed a thorough
reformation just because it was thrust
on us by a Radical and carpet bag
government. The required area of
counties should be cut down, so that
there could be more counties There
were other reasons assigned, but
these were the principal ones.
Since that time several amend?
ments have been made in the regular
way and some of the supposed wrongs
have been corrected. It may be
asked what is now the need of a Con?
vention ? We have examined the
organs of the State administration and
failed to see any specially good reason
stated. We hope ^ome will be forth?
coming, so that the people may have
light. We favor smaller counties,
but a special amendment could, be
passed in the usual way. . There is
no use of getting in a, great hurry.
It has been asserted that this is an
administration measure and that the
Reformers 'will work and vote for it.
It is also said that the Convention is
demanded just now because the negro
vote should be nullified by some or?
ganic enactment. The eight-box law
has about served its day The
negroes are not ignorant of their
rights. Some people seem anxious-to
prevent their influence at the ballot
box. No definite plan has been an?
nounced for the accomplishment of
this object. Some say that both a
property and educational qualification
will be required by the new constitu?
tion, that is to be, which will rule out,
at least, one third of the voters of the
State. There will be nearly as many
white voters asrcolored ones in this
While the Governor has not pub?
licly issued nie orders in regard to
the convention, it looks very much
like an administration measure if so,
that March, or July Convention
whichever it is to be, wil! formulate
the demand and send it out broadcast
over the State.,
Godfrey B. Fowler, of Union, sends
a note of alarm He sent a letter to
the Greenville News which cannot be
mistaken in meaning He is a
through Reformer. He believes, in
equal rights to all, whether they be
rich or poor, black or white. But if
the edict goes forth from "that good
man in Columbia," Godfrey's words
will be as a sounding brass and a
The Conservatives are saying noth?
ing about the matter. They are not
even expressing an opinion. If they
say "Convention" then that would be
a very convincing argument with
many people to make them vote "no
Meantime The Spartan is ready
for expressions of opinion ou either
side of the people's fight, for they
must decide next November.-Caro?
lina Spartan. _
Preparing for the End.
The Adventists at Battle Creek,
Mich., firmly believe that the last days
have come, and that in a short time
this world will be no more They
believe that the prophecy is daily being
filled. A watch meeting was held
December 21st to r?i.?e money to edu?
cate the heathen and convert the un?
saved. Over three thousand people
attended the meeting. The elders
called upon those present to donate
what they could of their worldly goods
to assist ic the conversion of the
unsaved. Seventy-nine gold watches
were given, over a hundred rings, and
other jewelry. One man gave bis
house and lot valued at $3,000 In
all over $25,000 was raised for the
cause The elders have advised those
of the members that can to sell out and
go into the world to preach the Ad?
ventist doctrine. Some twenty of the
adherents of the faith have already sold
their homes at a saacrifio and have left
for different parts of the country to
preach the doctrine of the Adventists
wer.-Latest U. S. Gov't Report.