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c J. gj WEDNESDAY, NOV. 14, 189 The Sumter Watchman was foun ia 1 SW sod the True Southron in 18 The Watchman and Southron new the combined circulation and influe of both of the old papers, and is ms featly the best advertising medium - Sumter. EDITORIAL NOTES. The Tillman kes acted wisely, fro a selfish and reform point of view, wi they refused to pass the bill of the H< K. I. Manning providing for an el tien law embodying the features of t Australian ballot law. Had this I been enacted into a law the reform* would now be io the suup. Oat planting is going forwar? over the county, and we arc glad know that it is so. The wore o; there are. planted now, by just tfc much is( the reserve capital of t country increased. Fall oats are b< ter than Spring oats is a fact worth i mern bering at tbis season. Gov. Elect John Gary Evans made mistake when he stated in an intervie that Dr. Pope was a fit subject for t! asylum. Su;b remarks 'end to si the ire of the amiable Doctor, whit may incite bim to go ahead and pro1 the frauda committed in behalf of Jot Gary Evans. It would be hard on ? Gary 's friends if his remarks shoo! cause them to see the inside of a jail. Georgia can discount South Caroiio wheo it comes to counting votes. Til ph?nom?nal majority rolled up fe Black io Richmond county just le: Tom Watson out io the cold. Whi made Tom Watson's- disappointmec keener he bad been doing some conni ing oo bis own account io the baek dis trict8 of Burke and Glascock. . The sang froid of the Reformers i something superb. They have electei John Gary Evan's by a clean majority have counted eooagb votes to dec lax the Constitutional Goo veo tion, ant will proceed, as 8000 as the Legis Sature > converso, elect Gov fla* Senate, and coolly asi the_re*t of os what we^sre going to dk about it. Th'' p-npo>irion of John T. Koddej to form a gigantic trust of cotton pro doeers for tbe purpose of exercising s wholesome influence over the* cotton market io the interest of the farmers, has been received with such marked favor by those he most desired ?o inter? est-the farmers-that be bas called a meeting in Atlanta on November 21st. The matter will be discussed io all its bearings and ao effort made to arrive at some practical conclusion that will alleviate the great distress sod depres? sion of the farming interest? of the South. AH who desire taking part io the conference are invited to corres? pond with Mr. Roddey, 80 Broadway, New York, N. Y. THE ELECTION. In Sooth Carolioa "the Dutch have captured Holland,'* and we are not sur? prised. We expected John Gary Evans to be elected by 15,000 to 20,000 and so be was. We expected a Legislature to be elected, pledged to elect B. R. Till? man to the Senate and such a Legisla? ture was elected. We suspected that the managers of the Reform would so manipulate the election and juggle the count as to order the Constitutional Convention, and sueh appears to have been the result. Nothing else could have been anticipated by men acquaint? ed with the political conditions which obtain in this ring-ridden and dema? gogue-worshipping State of OUTS. On the one band was a ring of shrewd and un? principled politicians, firmly intrenched in power, with ali toe machinery of State and "party in its hands, backed up j by a majority of white people of the State ; on the other hand, a disorgaa'iz* ed and discordant minority, without a leader and with no settled and unified purpose. The minority tost^the only opportunity of fighting the ring with any possibility of succe?s before the campaign opened, and when some few did undertake to make a fight, the ring had succeeded in tying the bands of the larger part of the minoritv. Fight? ing the ring at the election on Tuesday was like a blind-folded sod hobbled, bott-beaded boll endeavoring to worst a man armed with a pitchfork and standing securely on a hay stack. No wonder Irby laughed, sod Evans mocked at Pope. What did it matter how the opponents of the ring voted or how many, they bad the oounting to do. The whole thing was a useless sod expensive farce. That there was fraud at various!. points io tbe State we have not the slightest doubt, bot we do entertain great doubt as to whether the fraud had any effect OD the result of the Gub? ernatorial and Legislative elections. Evao8 was undoubtedly elected by a safe majority, aod so were a sufficient number of the members of the Legisla? ture to insure Til I man's election to the Senate. Henee we regard it as abso? lute folly to contest these elections, with any expectation of altering the re? sult. It would not be a bad idea to prove to the vrorld the rascality of the ring in its efforts tu make assured suc? cess doubly certain ; and this would be all that could be accomplished. The Constitutional Convection was undoubtedly defeated as far as ballots could defeat it, but, as Irby has said, "What are you going to do about it?" We see no way to defeat the purpose of the riog. In Sumter County we do Dot believe there are any serious ground for charges of fraud. There may have been partisanship that may have had some ?mall effect upon the result of the election, but we do net believe that there was aoy serious effort on the part of the ring to alter the vote of Che county to suit the design of the ring. We are. of this opioioo, for a siogle reasoo, which is sufficient. The status of Sumter County is too well known for auy considerable fraud to be committed I without detection. The risks were so great that the game was not worth the caudle. There has been a little, but very lit? tle, said about the Conservative factiou cot redeeming, io full, the pledges made at the primary. It is .the better so, for wheo broken pledges are in question all reformers are referred to the vote for the County officers, the Senator and the member8 of the House of Representatives. Quite a number who voted did oot vote for these men. Wheo an explacitioo of broken pledges are io order these missing votes should be accounted for. ' Taking ft as a whole, however, we are satisfied with tho way Sumter County voted. We supported the re? gular ticket, including Dr. Stokes, and gave a good majority agaiost^the Goa stitut ional Convention. THE CASSAVA BOOT. Mr. W. A. Spann, of Providence, on Monday brought to this office a 3pecimeo of Sweet Cassava which be grew on bis place. He obtained cut? tings from a friend in Florida in the spring aod succeeded io raising a con? siderable crop this year. The plant is described io the Inter? national Cyclopedia as follows : "Ma? nioc or Cassava, Manihat utilissima, formerly known as jatrojpha manihat, aod as janipha manihat, a large half shrubby plant of the natural order euphorbraceo, a native of tropical America, and much cultivated there. It is now also extensively cultivated in Africa, and has been introduced into other tropical countries. The plant grows in a bushy form, with stems usually six to eight feet high, but some? times much more. The stems are white, brittle and have a very large pith; the branches are crooked. The leaves are near the extremities of the branches, large, deeply 7-parted. The roots are very large, turnip-like, some? times weighing 30 pounds, from three to eight growing io a cluster, usually from a foot to two feet long. Io com? mon with other parts of the plant, they cootaio a milky juice, so poisonous as to cause death in a few minutes ; but as this is owing to the acrid presence of hydrocyanic acid, which is quickly dis? sipated by beat, the juice inspissated by boiling, forms the excellent sauce called Casarees : and fermented with molasses i it yields an intoxicating beverage called ouycou; whilst the root, grated, dried ou bot metal plates, and roughly pow? dered, becomes an article of food, very largely used in South America, and there very generally known as? farinah (Porlug meal). It is made into cakes, like the oatmeal cakes in Scotland, which;are formed, however, not by mix? ing with water, but by the action of heat; softening and agglutinating thc particles of starch. It is also imported into Britain, to be used in manufac? tories as starch. The true starch of manioc, separated in the ordinary man? ner from the fiber, is also imported in considerable quantities into Britain, under the name of Brazilian arrow-root ; and from it tapioca is made, by heating it on hot plates, and stirring it with an iron rod ; the staroh grains burst, some of the starch is coaverted into dextrine, and the whole agglomerates into small irregular masses. Another species or variety of manioc is also cultivated, the roots of which contain a perfectly bland juice, and are eaten raw, roasted or boiled. This, the SWEET CASSAVA, is described as having the leaves 5 - parted, and the root of longer shape than th common or bitter Cassava, and mach smaller, only about six ounces in weight ; but other descriptions repre? sent the sweet Cassava as having roots quite equal in 6ize to the bitter. The manioc is easily propagated by cutt i ogs of the stem, and is of rapid growth, attaining maturity in six months. The produce is at least six times that of wheat.'* It is tbe latter species that Mr. Spann has cultivated, and the specimen v?e have is proof that the Sweet Cassava produces roots exceeding six ounces io weight. Mr. Spann says rhat some of the roots he raised this year have weighed about twelve pounds. He finds the Cassava a very welcome addi? tion to bis bill of fare. Hogs and all kind of stock thrive on the roots which they eat greedily, and the best recom? mendation cf all, the plant is remarkably productive and is easily cultivated. We do not believe that Cassava will prove to be tbcpbilosopher'sstone to con? vert our sand hills into heaps of gold, but it will prove a welcome addition to the list of our productions and will aid our farmers to live at home and fare well, if not sumptuously, every day. The Columbia Register in eomujeut iug on the election says : "Evans is undoubtedly elected Gover? nor of South Carolina, despite the com? bination of Republicans and Indepen? dents. His majority will be some? where between 20,000 aud 30,000, probably much nearer the latter than the former. Of the Conservative coun? ties, Sumter is the only one which stood up to its primary pledge. All honor to tbe men of Sumter County ! They know what political honesty is and have proven their possession of it. Had - the other Conservative counties acted as Sumter did. Pope would cot haye had the support of a corporal's guard of white men. As it is, a ma? jority of the votes cast for Pope were east by negroes." This ?8 probably inspired from head? quarters, and may indicate that thc Reform leaders are thoroughly satisfied that Sumter County kept the pledges made at the primary. If ibis surmise be correct, Scarborough and Stuckey will receive the appointment to tbe offices which they were selected to fill by ? majority of the white people of Sumter County. We sb jil wait, how? ever, until the appointments have been made. Adlai Stevenson fought solely for the democracy, not for an organization like Tammany, as did Hill. He will be tbe leader of the re-organized demo? cracy io 1896. The cotton planters will observe that the professional guessers at the size of the cotton crop continue to iocrease their estimates. Tbe rush of cotton from tbe plantations gives them a basis upon which to calculate and makes their guesses seem plausible. The planters had better begin to do some guessing themselves-to guess they bad better stop tbe rush, and to act upon it. Savannah Neics. Jackson, Miss., Nov. 9.-The Federal grand jury, by a vote of more than 2 to 1, refused to indict the Governor, Treasurer and Auditor in the matter of printing the Mississippi State warrants, it being alleged by Chief Hazen, supported by Secretary Carlisle and Attorney General Olney, that they violated the laws, being in likeness and similitude of the United States currency and National bank notes. Tbe State officials, it will bc remembered, were arraigned several months ago, on affidavits sworn out by W. J. Burns of the United States secret service bureau, of which Mr. Hazen is chief. Henry Wilson, the postmaster at Welsh- | too, Florida, says he cured a case of diarrhoea j of loDg standing io six hours, with one small ; bottle of Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoe\ Remedy. What a pleasant sur? prise tbnt must have been to the sufferer. Such cures are not unusual with the remedy. In many instance only one or two doses are required to give permanent relief. It can | always he depended upon. When reduced j with water is pleasant to take. For sale bv Dc A. J. China. Blank books of all kinds; daily, weekly; and monthly time books. H. G. Osteen & : Co. i --? ! ai-j To join the Home Product Co-operativelwill i cost yon S5.00 and then one dollar when w member dies-about $10 per annum. Tba; is cheap enough for Sl,000 insuraoce. L?ssee cost old lines 1?83 than that, with all j their expenses. Co-operation beats the world for low rates in anything. The New York World, Harper's Weekly, j Harper's Monthly, Scribners, the Arena, Masseys, the Outlook, Dramatic Times, Puck, j Town Topics, etc. for sale by H. G. Osteen j & Co., Any paper or periodical published ! in America or Europe will be ootajned on j request. ? There is style in paper as well as in other hings. H. G. Osteen & Co., have the latest and best. STOCKHOLDERS' MEETING. ?HE ANNUAL MEETING of the Stock? holders of the Sumter Electric Light ipany will be held at the Simoods National Bank, of Sumter, on Monday, Nov. 26th, 1894, at 12 o'clock, noon. R. M. WALLACE, Oct. 25. President. Fer a pain in the side or chest lhere is nothing so good as a piece of flannel damp? ened with Chamberlain's Pain Balm and bound on over the seat of pain. It affords prompt and permanent relief and if used in lime will ofien prevent a cold from resulting in pneumonia This same treatment is a sure core for lame back. For sale by Dr. A. J. China. WANTS. ADVERTISEMENTS of five Hoes or less will be inserted under this head for 25 ceo ts for each insertion. Additional lines 5 cents per line._ WANTED-Lady or gentleman canvasser io each Township. Will guarantee at least $2 per day to faithful workers. Ad? dress Joo. F. Simmons, Rowesville S. C. Nov. 7-lt._ TO RENT-House on Calhoun Street near C. S. & N. R. R. Apply lo W. F. B. Haynswortb. Sept. 12. ILK COWS FOR SALE. Apply to Jas. G. White, near Zoar Church, or mrough Sumter P. 0. Nov 7-lt FOR SALE-Any part of my large furm in the suburbs of the City of Sumter. Situation healthy and desirable Terms easy. T. D. Chandler_April ll-tf. WANTED-Every sick person in Sumter County to go to Glenn Springs at once and get cured. Clarefflont Loflp Ko. 64?I?. TBE REGULAR MONTHLY COMMU? NICATION of Claiemont Lodge, No. 64, A. F. M.. will be held on Thursday Evening, December 6th, at 8 p. m. Brethren will tHke due notice and govern themselves accordingly. Election will be held for officers for the ensuing Masonic year. Brethren will please come prepared to nay their ?nounl dues. By order, ' S. C. BAKER, W. M. H C. MOSES, Secretary. Oct. 31._ SALE BY MORTGAGE. -VfOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT uoder and by virtue of the power contained in a mortgage made to Susanna C. Kolb by R P. Weeks, dated the 19tb day February, A. D., 1894, and recorded io the Office pf the Register of Mesoe Conveyance for Sumter County, State of Sooth Carolina, on the 20th day of February, A. D , 1894, io Real Estate Mortgage Book 27, at page 92, default having been made ic the payment of the debt secured by said mortgNge, I will sell at public auction or veodue rn front of the Court House for said Connfy, in the City of Sumter, the tract of land embraced io said mortgage, on the 10th day of December, 1894, between the boors of il o'clock in the forenoon and 3 o'clock, tn the afternoon, tbe said tract of land as described in said mortgage, as "AU that plantation or tract of land, situate in toe County of Sumter, io the State aforesaid, containing one hundred aerea, more or less, and bounded by lands of the estate of John J. Geddings, Aon i. Artis, Susanna C. Kolb, and abandoned lands. Terms Cash. Purchasers to pav for papers. W. A. NETTLES, Nov. 14-4t. Aeent for Mortgagee. United States of America. DISTRICT OF &OUTH CAROLINA. IN THE CIRCUIT COURT, FOURTH CIRCUIT. IN EQUITY. Alfred A. Howlett against Charleston, Sumter and Northern Railroad Company. Atlantic Trud Company against Charleston, Sumter and Northern Railroad Company. IN ACCORDANCE WITH the order of the Honorable the Circuit Court io and for the Eastern District of South Carolina, made on Oct.29th, 1894, Notice is hereby given that all parties having claims or demands against Charles E. Kimball, as Receiver of the Charleston, Sumter and Northern Railroad Compaoy are required to present the same before him at his office, United States Trust Compaoy Building, 45 Wall Street, New York City, or at the office of the Receiver at Sumter, S. C., oo or before the 2nd day of January, 1895. CHARLES E. KIMBALL, Receiver C. S. &N. Railroad Compaoy. Oct. 29, 1894. Nov. 14-6t. State of South Carolina, COUNTY OF SUMTER. By T. V. Walsh, Esq., Probate Judge. WHEREAS, WM. A DAVIS MADE suit to me, to grant bim Letters of Administration Cum Testament An nexo of the Estate of and effects of JANIS V. DAVIS, deceased. These are therefore to cite and admonish all and singular the kindred and Creditors of the said JAIME V. DAVIS, late of said Coun? ty and State, deceased, that they be and appear before me, io the Court of Pro? bate, to be held at Sumter Court House on November 30th, 1894, next, after publication thereof, at ll o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, if any they have, why the said Administration should not be granted. Given under my band, this 14th day of November, A. D., 1894. T. v. WALSH, Nov. 14-2t. Judge of Probate. State of South Carolina, COUNTY OF SUMTER. By T. V Walsh, Esq., Probate Judge, WHEREAS, MRS. LEONORA W. Mc CUTCHAN, made suit to me to grant ber Letters of Administration of the Estate of and effects of MRS. ELIZABETH T. MCCUTCHAN, deceased. These are therefore to cite and admonish all and singular the kindred and creditors of the said Mas. ELIZABETH T MCCUTCHBS, late of said County and State, deceased, that they be and appear before me, in the Court of Pro? bate, to be held at Sumter Court House on November 22d, 1894. next, after publication thereof, at ll o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, if any they have, why the said Administration should not be graoted. Given under my hand, this seventh day of November, A. D." 1894. T. V. WALSH, Nov. 7th-2t._Judge of Probate. Estate o? Martha E. Morrisey, nee Brown, minor? IWILL APPLY to the Judge of Probate of Sumter County on December 7tb, 1894, for a Final Discharge as Guardian in Chief of said Minor. JAS. H. AYCOCK, Guardian. Nov. 7, 1894.-4t._ Estate of W. Barrows Mathis? DECEASED. IWILL APPLY to the Judge of Probate of Sumter County on December 1st, 1894, for a Final Discbarge as Administratrix of aforesaid estate. SUSANAH MATHIS, Oct. 31,-4t. Administratrix. On the Manchester and Augusta Rail? road, at Public Auction. Yes, and Rare Bargains for all. Yon cannot afford to miss it. Do you want to make some money and get even with the low price cotton? If so you should not miss this GREAT SALE OF LOTS at the Depot Sta tions named below, on the new SHORT CUT RAILROAD, that runs through some of the finest farming lands of the South, where farmers make a bale of cotton to the acre, and can almost make it for the seed. This road runs through a Country too well known for its clever people and richness of soil to need any comment. Sales will take place 'as follows : At Lone Star, November 27th from 9 to 12 m. At Cameron, At Cope, At Cordova. Remini, Pinewood, Privateer, 27thfrom Ito5p.m. Nov. 28 from 9 to 12 m. Nov. 28- 12 m. Nov. 29 1 p. m. Nov. 30 from 10 to 1 p.m. Nov, 30 from 2 to 5 p.m A Rare Opportunity to Secure Bargains. An extra train will be ron to accommodate people wishing to attend the sales and return to their homes the same night. This train will leave Sumter Nov. 27th about 8 a. m , leave Lone Star about 12 m., leave Cameron about 5 p. m. for Orangeburg, leave Orangeburg next morning, Nov 28 about 8 a. m., leave Cope about 12 m., leave Cordova about 4 p. m for Sumter. This will give everybody a chance to get to and from the sales. Come to these sales, and we will make the terms easy. TERMS: Yon can pay all cash, or pay one half cash, or if desired we will take one-third cash, one-third 6 months, and one-third twelve months. Note bearing 8 per cent. The Pee Dee Land Co#, J. B. EDGERTON, Gen'l Agt. NO. 1! One Car Load Horses to arrive about October 4, at HARBY'S STABLES. Sumter, Sept. 27, '94. PRICES ' Reduced TO SUIT Hard TIMES And the LOW Price o? COTTON. Also OFFERING Inducements TO REDUCE Stock FOR A Change in BUSINESS. J D C R A I G Now is the time to buy FURNI? TURE or anything else in my large and complete stock, as I have put down prices to correspond with the low price of cotton-realizing that the people have not as much money this year as when crops borught better prices. Besides, I desir: to make some changes in my business, and it is neces? sary for me to reduce some lines of my large stock, therefore I am offering bar? gains to cash buyers.' * Come and see me for anything you want in my line, and I will make it to your interest to buy from me. UNDERTAKING A SPECIALTY. In the Undertaking ' Department I have added several new styles of Coffins and Caskets, and carry a full line of sizes in each. Can supply promptly any size or style of Coffin or Casket at as low price asean be bought anywhere. All calls day or night promptly attend? ed to. I have two nice hearses, one for white and one for colored, and funerals will be attended with hearse when de? sired, in city or country.