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IHE S?MTE? WATCHMAN. Established April..iSS?. "Be Just and Fear not-Let ai? the Ends then Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy Gee;':-, ana Truth's." THE TKUE SDUTHKON. Established Jene, izw
Consolidated Au?. 2. ISSI. SUMTER, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, JULY 24. 1895. New Series-Vol. XIV. So.52.
P^blisiied S very Wednesday,
1*0*. Gr. ?steen,
SUMTER, S. G.
Two Dollars per annum-io advance.
One Scaare first insertion.SI 00
Every subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will 1
be made at reduced rates.
All commoaication8 which subserve private j
interests will be charged for as advertisements, j
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
Draws the Line.
The County Convention, With
Pull Evidence of Till
mamte Trickery Re?
fused a Division
Special to The State.
CHARLESTON', July 16.-in pursu?
ance of a call issued by the execu?
tive committee, tbe Democratic con?
vention of Charleston county assem?
bled to-day and refused to stultify it?
self and worship at the brazen statue
of so-called expediency. The recent
recommendation of the executive
committee that the county's delega
tion should be divided _ between
Straightouto and Reformers was com?
pletely snowed under, as was tobe
expected. Open disavowal of divi?
sion was expressed quietly at the
time, but to-day true and tried Dem?
ocrats put their feet down and final ly
declared against division under the
present circumstances. This deter?
mination was evident from the con?
vening of the convention. The fact
tbat Reform counties were not acting
in the proper spirit accounted for the
refusal to divide
J oseph W. Barnwell made a gallant
fight for a division, affirming that he
was for peace The convention gave
attentive ears to his appeals, but re?
fused to accede to them. Later,
when delegates were being named,
Mr. Barnwell refused to serve, say?
ing he was a peace man and not in
ior a fight. He lead the division side
of the convention, while Kirby S.
Tupper, F. C. Fisbburne, A. S. Far?
row and others opposed him. The
oppositionists were unexpectedly
mild in their speeches.
The convention, which was a re?
presentative one, met at noon and
unanimously elected Philip Gadsden,
chairman, and Jos. H Perrine secre?
Mr. Farrow offered a resolution to
appoint a committee to consider the
advisability of a division of delegates
between the two factions of the party
in the interest of harmony. After
K much squabbling it was defeated.
Mr. Tupper offered the following
Whereas, Senator B.'R. Tillman
and Governor J. G. Evans have each
repudiated the arrangement entered
into with Messrs. Barnwell, Hemp* '1
and others whereby an equal division
of delegates to the constitutional con?
vention should be given to the Con?
servative Democrats of the State ; and
Whereas, Senator Tiilraan and
Governor Evans have both used their
influence to prevent such equal di?
vision of delegates, be it
Resolved, That it is the sense of
this convention that a primary be
held for the election of nine delegates
io the constitutional convention and
that no agreement be entered into for
a division ot delegates between the
regular and Reform factions of the
Democratic party in this county
Mr. Tupper, speaking to his reso
lution, criticized the four delegates
-the Reformers had submitted as their
representatives if a division ol" dele?
gates was agreed upon. The first
one, W. Gibbes Whaley, be said he
could not stomach The others were
more acceptable to him He con?
tended that the Conservatives could
gain nothing by a division ; that Re?
formers intended to control the con?
vention if they had to do it by fraud.
It was here that Mr Barnwell
plead eloquently for an hour for a di?
vision, but to no use
An amendment to Mr. Tupper's
resolution, that the convention elect
delegates, was carried amid great
confusion by at least three to one.
Delegates were named but finally
withdrew and a committee appointed
to select them.
At 3.30 the convention adjourned, j
but assembled again at 4.30, when !
the following Straightouts were j
named to represent this county : ;
Theo. G. Barker, J. P. K. Bryan-;
J. N. Nathans, A. S. P'arrow, Julian !
Mitchell, Sr., Geo. F. VonKoluitz, !
Jr , W. M. Fitch, Jos L Obrer and :
\V St. J J?rvey
? resolution was passet! empower- ,
in<r tijy executive committee to ?il |
any vacancy that may occur.
All thc delegates arc lawyers ex- .
cept Mr. Oliver, who is connected
with the Oliver & Co., blind and sash j
manufactory. All are men of ability j
and conservatism, and will give uni- |
versal satisfaction. Delegates will j
be required to file their pledge by j
the 20th inst. The executive com
mittee will meet on Friday and make
arrangements for the primary.
There are No Millions in lt.
The Dispensary Falls Far
Snort of Expectations .
COLUMBIA, July 16.- A great many
plans have been used to relieve the
competition of the''blind tigers" to
the dispensary Some of the plans
have met with some degree of sue
cess, while others have signally failed
It is a notorious fact that the dis
pensary is not making the money
that it was expected to make It
bas not yet reached the $200,000
mark, and perhaps after it has been
shown that there are not "millions in
it" it may be decided to run the dis
pensary more on the moral scale than
heretofore, as it may be that it is pro?
posed to cut off as much of the
opposition as possible. Whatever
may be the case it is announced that
the dispensary will, after the 1st of
August, sell its liquor cheaper than
at present. The new schedule of
prices has not yet been published,
but it is understood, on the quiet, to
be about a 10 per cent reduction.
Commissioner Mixson has gone
North on a little trip, and when he
returns to Columbia will be ready for
the expected rush of fall business.
News and Courier.
Politics in Greenville.
Reformers in the Saddle. The
The county Democratic convention
met in Greenville yesterday. Only
a few scattering Conservatives, be?
sides the forty of Central club, elected
by 800 voters, were present, and they
took no active part in the proceed?
ings. The chief business was the
adoption of resolutions accepting and
endorsing the primary and calling ou
all white citizens to take part in it.
Gen. J. W. Gray was elected chair?
man, and in a speech of acceptance,
said (hat the Reformers were respon?
sible for calling the convention and
ought to control it.
H. B. Buist offered resolutions of
a general conciliatory character,
which were adopted No mention
was made of any division, but indi?
cations are that Judge J. H. Eade
and H. J. Haynsworth will be voted
for by the Reformers
Resolutions endorsing Judge Earle
were adopted by the convention to?
day. Judge Earle said he would
probably be unable to 6erve in the
convention, but it seemed to be the
disposition to elect him anyhow.
The rank and file of the Conserva?
tives are awaiting developments be?
fore decidiug whether to go into the
primary. They have been somewhat
staggered in their determination to
stay out by the action of Richland,
Darlington and Spartanburg counties.
ATLANTA, July 18.-A special to
the Constitution from Asheville Kays
that 'yommissioner E. B. Stahlman,
of the Southern Railway and Steam?
ship Association, announced that he
would not accept another term. Con?
siderable opposition has been mani?
fested against Stahlman for the past
three years. Major Stahlman says
that he wants to get out of the posi?
tion because it is full of worry and
annoyances, lie adds that he can
make more money by looking after
his private affairs than the railroads
pay him. His salarv is ?15,000 a
year. His announcement caused a
sensation, lt is possible that Com?
missioner Finley, of the Passenger
Association, may be put in chaige of
the Freight Association
Charleston is not io have the trolley,
after all. Charleston bas available
capital enough to build a trolley line
half across the continent, probably, j
But Charleston's monied meo declioe to
make investments at home. They may i
be caught by a Birmingham boom, or
an Auuiston boom, cr some other boom
away fro., borne, but they religiously 1
avoid a Charleston boom. If they can- ?
uot invest their mouey ina bank, or i
some such institution, they will let it j
rust iu the vaults. Charlestouians are j
proverbially conservative. lu thc ca^e |
of the capitalists of Charleston it seems j
that conservatism has merged ioto
apathy, in so far ag their city is con?
cerned.-Sa va ii n a h Ne irs.
Only Seven W eeks More.
And Then Che Constitutional
A good many people in this State
who have not been keeping up with
the flight of time will no doubt be
very much surprised to know that the
State constitutional convention, about
which so much talk has been indulged
in, is only seven weeks off. The
date for the convention to assemble
and begin its work is September 10.
Every one seems to be talking of the
convention as if it were at least four
or Ave months before it will assemble.
The necessity for acting promptly in
everything that is proposed to be
done pteliminary to the holding of
the convention is therefore obvious
to all. There is no time to be lost by
The appropriation for the holding
of the convention is only $30,000.
The expenses per day. not including
printing or anything of that charac?
ter, will amount to over ?400 If
the convention sits any length of
time it will be absolutely necessary
to go beyond the appropriation. It
was thought that the convention
would be powerless to appropriate
any more money, but it seems that,
being a supreme body, it has the
right to do anything in that line by
passing an ordinance And this will
doubtless be necessary, for it is
thought that the convention will 6i't
for a longer period than was first
supposed. It will likely be in ses?
sion till the time for the assembling
of the Legislature.
THE PRIMARY ELECTION.
Preparatory to the general election
which will decide who shall be the
delegates sitting in the convention
will come the primary election
ordered to be held by the Irby State
committee on the 30th instant This
election is now only eleven days off
and the preparations for its holding
are being rapidly concluded. Secre?
tary Tompkins, of the Irby commit?
tee, is now busy having bundled up
the copies of the order published be?
low, the blank tally sheets and poll
Mets, and copies of the new "Con?
stitution of the Democratic p%rty of
South Carolina," adopted last Sep?
The following is the paper to be
sent out. referred to above :
A primary election is hereby
ordered to be held in every county
in this State on the 30th day of July
next, at which every white voter in
this State shall be entitled to vote,
who shall make pledge to the man?
agers conducting the election that he
will support the nominees of such
election on the day of the election to
be held on the third Tuesday in
August for the delegates to the State
Each county executive committee
shall appoint three managers and one
clerk to hold such election : two of
the managers shall be Reformers and
one manager and the clerk shall be
Conservatives, or vice versa. The
pulls shall be open from S a m. to 4
Each candidate for the Constitu?
tional convention shall at least ten
days before the said primary election
file his pledge with the chairman or
secretary of the county Democratic
executive that he will abide by the
result of the election and support the
nominees of the party, and no vote
for any candidate who has failed to
sign such pledge shall be counted.
To prevent the single popping of
candidates no vote for delegates shall
be counted which does not contain
the names of delegates who have
signed the pledge of the same num?
ber as the delegates to which said
county is. entitled to under the act
calling the convention.
The second primary shall be held
on August 13, if necessary, accord?
ing to the rules of the party, and the
same managers shall serve. All
existing rules of this committee here?
tofore adopted are hereby ailirrned,
when not inconsistent with the fore?
The State Democratic executive
committee, recognizing the fact that
there are factional differences exist?
ing in the Democratic party, earnest?
ly suggests to the Democrats of the
State to ignore such factional dil?er
ences in the election of delegates tu
the Constitutional convention and let
each candidate stand on his merits
J. L M. IRBY,
Chairman State Democratic Execu?
D. H TOMPKINS, Secretary.
-?? - mmm -
The Exposition Sovenir.
ATLANTA, July l?.--The design of ?
thc o?hcial so?veuir medal which is to !
be minted on the exposition ground* by
the United States government, was for?
warded ou tu Washington to-day by
President Collier to have th" die* made, j
Ou the obverse Mdt? of the medal isl
?.hown a bale of cotton. ? phoenix ris
in its bill streamers of "lii'j?." Around
the edges cf this side of the medal are
olive h-ra:ich''j? and the worri-. "Gorr?n j
.S rare ?i ar. i international Exposition, j
ArI:?nr.a,'* azul r?^r:r .tbovc * ' Atlanta,?'
it:i the face of the :;?edal, foe 'inion ct !
hands On thc reverse side of rhe j
medal is sho wn s bast of Hen rv . ;
I Grady. Around the edges on tb ts? side I
cf tiie medal are the words, '"Official
Souvenir Medal. Henry W. Grady."
-111 ir -*tT^
How Chinese Have Been Suc?
cessfully Crossing The
DETROIT, MICH., July IT.-Herbert
Johnson, of Windsor, who was re?
leased only two months ago, after
serving a term for smuggling Chinese
into tins country, was arrested late
last night at Fort Street Union depot
by Special Treasurer Agent E.'0.
Wood and Inspector Kennard. Ile
was caught in the act of smuggling
four Chinamen over in a Wagner
sleeping car. Conductor Frederick
R. Lincoln, of Buffalo, and Porter
Charles McLain, of Chicago, and the
four Chinamen, Lee Sing, Lee Shook,
Lee Hung and Lee Ping, none of
whom can speak a word of English,
were also arrested and locked up in
the county jail.
The capture was the result of con?
tinued diligent work on the part of
Wood and Kennard, who had been
trying to fathom the peculiar manner
in which Chinese were being smug?
gled into the country. They finally
determined it was by the sleeping
car route, but were hampered in a
thorough search of the cars as they
could not insist on looking into berths
which the conductor assured them
were occupied by ladies
When the officers went through the
car last night the porter locked the
state room door, saying it was occu?
pied by ladies. The conductor affirmed
this statement. The officers insisted
on entering, and found Johnson and
the four Chinamen occupying the
berths. The arrests followed.
Thirteen Firemen Killed and
CINCINNATI, July 17.-A. fatal fire
this afternoon in the main part of the
shipping quarter of the city resulted in
the instant deatb of two firemen and
the probable fatal injury of a half
dozen others. The fatalities were caus?
ed by the falling of the walls of the
burning buildings. The dead are :
Capt Healey, Pipeman Jack Wisby.
The injared are : Pipeman Ed Jew
man, Capt. Neal, Fireman Grove,
Capt. Purcell, Driver Bart Thompson,
Mike >IcNally. Joho Millen. Lenn
Westcott. Fred Cunniogham, Wm.
Beebe, Victor Ennis and Edward An
It is impossible to tell at this hour
how many of the firemen will die.
They are aU unconscious at midnight.
Property to the amount of ?250,000
- i- ?"m^
The true and patriotic Conservatives
of Richland, Sumter, Darlington, Flor?
ence and Charleston have started the
peace and unity ball afresh, and now,
let the Reformers of this county stretch
their hands "across the bloody chasm"
and declare that there shall no longer
be strife and contention within the bor?
ders of this State. Let the Democratic
clubs which are to meet Saturday do the
grand act and send the ball bounding
on its mission by instructing their dele?
gates to the county nominating conven?
tion to give those Conservaties who
refused to go over to the negro one
acceptable delegate.-Lexington Dis?
AU the Conservative counties in
the State having acted in a highly
creditable manner in providing for a
dividion of their delegates with the
Reformers, the Columbia Evening
X'ivs, the ablest. Reform paper in the
State, says "it is to be expected that
Senator Tillman will now see that he
j made an incorrect diagnosis, and that
in order to be just, he must be gen?
erous. The Conservatives of these
counties have accepted his terms, and
the next thing in order is for Senator
Tillman to stand by them himself.'*
Orangehnrg Times Democrat.
Judge Townsend ruled in Columbia
the other day while a jury was being
empanelled to try a defendant for a
violation of the Dispensary law. that
no juror was competent who was oppos
! ed to the law. Jurors on their oaths
who said that they were opposed to the
law but could render a fair and impar?
tial verdict from the evidence adduced
were made to stand aside. Wfas ever
such a ruling heard of before't The
defendant is guaranteed a fair and im?
partial jury trial Those opposed to
the law are rejected, tho?e favoring the
law are accepted. By what process of
reasoniog an impartial judge can con?
clude that those favoring a iaw are
more capable of giving a defendant
justice than those opposing the law are
capable of giving the State justice is
beyond our power of compr?hension.
His ruling as he did is against law.
equity, justino and reason.-St Mat?
Sheriff f Miz?s Explains.
His reply to Col. Dargan and
Having reid rr,r: uccouor given by
Coi. Dargan io the daily paper9 of the
treatment he received in EI^e?eld and
the comments of thar paper thereupon,
? feel ir my duty to make the following
statement of facts, in justice to myself
and the committee appointed by the
citizens of the town and couQty to acr,
with me in interviewing Col. Dargan,
notice having been given by the Edge
field Chronicle that be would deliver
an address in Edgefield:
The people had heard and read of
Col. Dargan's utterances elsewhere,
such as : "I for ooe have gone to the
negro." "That I aaj neither ashamed
nor afraid, nor in any degree reluctant,
but rather glory ia going to 'he ne?
gro." "I favor piac?Dg negro repre?
sentatives, according to competency, on
each county ticket. This will give mi?
nority representation to that race and
thus enable us to make a Constitution
by all the people for all the people."
"Universal suffrage for women and
and men, rich and poor, black and
white, now and always." The
committee submitted the above
quoted remarks to Col. Dargan
and desired to know of him through
the committee if these utterances em?
bodied bis views and if it was on that
line he proposed to speak in Edge
The committee, in the discharge of
the duty imposed, immediately repaired
to the Chronicle office where we met
Col. Dargan alooe, except the employ?
ees of the Chronicle offiee.
I introduced myself and the commit?
tee to Col. Dargan, who said he was
glad to see us. I told him we had
been appointed to call on him and ask
him if he had come to make a speech.
He said be had. I inquired upon
whose invitation he bad come. He de?
clined to say.
I theo called bis attention to the
above alleged utterances, and asked
bim if they were his, and if he in?
tended to speak on that line. He answer?
ed, "Yes." Wethen, as a committee,
requested him not to attempt to speak,
as we did not think he would be heard,
inasmuch as the people of Edgefield
were not yet prepared to hear him or
or anyone else talk on that line, and
that we thought it best for him and for
the town that he decline to speak. He
said he was sorry; that he once thought
as our people did, but if he were allowed
to speak he thought he could convince
them of the error of their way.
He was told that nothing that he
could say would, in our judgment,
convince Edgtfield people of error on
that lino; that he had no following here,
and that, while we did net believe he
would be treated roughly or receive
bodily harm if be should attempt to
speak, we thought it best to advise him
to save himself the mortification of
being hissed down and perhaps arousiog
the indignation of the people not to
make the attempt
He replied that be would consult
with-aod would soon give us a reply.
The interview was not ac ali an
unpleasant affair, and I am sure I am
expressing the truth when ? say there
was not in the mind and heart of auy
member of the committee any ill-feeling
towards Col. Dargan, and what we did
was in his interest and prompted by the
Our committee retired and reported
to oar body what had traospired. T.
in making the report, assured them
that our interview with Col. Dargan
thoroughly convinced mc and the other
committeemen that no speech would be
attempted, ana that it would not be ne?
cessary to take further steps to thwart
the Colonel, as we were pretty sure he
would leave on the firs: out-bound
train. The committee then dispersed,
I going to my ofiice and attending to
my du:ies, and not thinking further of
After some lapse of time a good citi?
zen of our county, not a resident of
our town, but living very near, came
over and reported that there was a
crowd near Penn's drug store cursing
and abusing Dargan and he thought it.
wrong to take that advan'age of aoy
man under such circumstances. I fully
agreed with him, and our worthy in?
tendant. Mr. Kennedy,, said to me im?
mediately upoo hearing the statemenr,
"Sheriff, let's go and '.top such con?
duct." I said, "Ves, of course." We
looked in the direction iudicated and
saw that the crowd had dispersed and
Dargan gone on.
Col. Dargan, perhaps, drew ro some
extent on his imagination as to the |
number that composed thc so-called I
mob. Possibly the Colonel was think-J
ing of the prophecy in Acts, when old
Highest cf all in Leavening Pov
country daring thc lay.
The News and C inrier ir; ir? edito
rmi >a;u i "ibu sherif? was in ezceed
I ingly bad company : for be is che high
: esl law and peace officer ot the c.?unty.
I and ir. need hardly be said bears the
; largest measure of responsibility for
? the lawlessness in which be took so
; prominent a part." That was the very
object I had io view-to preserve the
. peace of the town and protect the per
i son of Coi. Dargan from probable
j Had Col. Dargan taken the advice of
i the committee there would not have oc
; curred any unpleasantness. There are
j not in this, or any other county, five
j more reputable, law-abiding citizens
than are those five men that were on
that committee with myself, and if they
had not been actuated by tue best of
motives-the desire to preserve the
peace and harmony of the county and
! State, and prevent- violence to an oer
j son-I would not have acted with tuem.
i No mao deprecates more than ? do
: the treatment Col. Dargan received en
I route to the depot. I feel sure it is re?
gretted by the entire committee and a
; large majority of the people ot the
! couoty. It was a parallel case, as you
i intimated, with the downfall vf Cham
j berlaiu and his crew in 1876. The
! same identical issues were agitated,
! with this difference as I see ?t: They
then had us by the throats, with their
feet on our necks, and it. took a tre?
mendous effort to extricate ourselves
j when placed at such a disadvantage,
j But you say it was permissible then
I and endorsed by a large majority of the
j people and the press of the State,
j among them the News and Courier.
j This movement is being brought, it
j seems to me, for the same purpose,
j with this exception, that this movement
is being agitated by disappointed office
seekers, who know that they have no
chance in this Government, which they
are seeking to overthrow through the
suffrage of the oegro. In 1876 these
men were called "scallawags" and "in?
dependents." They are now called the
"true blue Democracy of the State."
God deliver us from such Democracy !
i for one am not willing to quietly
submit, to have the shackles placed
upon me. and I don't thiok a majority
of the people are any more willing
than I. I am for wbite supremacy
first, last and all the time, anything to
the contrary notwithstanding -W. H.
Ouzts io Edgefield Advertiser.
- m -mm
For Sheppard's Release.
Shortly after the arrest and im?
prisonment of William Sheppard, a
few days ago, a popular subscription
was begun by some of Sheppard's
friends in this city for the purpose cf
raising sufficient funds to carry his
case up before some judge of the
United States Supreme Court on ha?
beas corpus proceedings looking tc
Those in charge of the matter fin?
ished their labors yesterday after get?
ting up the necessary amount of
money. Sheppard's attorney; Mr.
John McMaster, who has worked so
diligently on the case, was busy yes?
terday preparing all the papers and
I as soon as this is finished, Mr.
j McMaster will go before Chief Justice
! Fuller, very likely at his summer
] home in Maine, and get a hearing for
j his client.- The State
j Consummating An Outrage.
William Sheppard, who was ssot to
; the Penitentiary by Judge Townsend
i tn roe dispensary contempt proceedings,
! has been put in stripes and had his
! hair clipped The prison authorities
,: say rbis had to be done according to
j the prison rules.
Constable Duncan Acquitted.
, Special to T? P State.
i LAURENS, July lt!.-Samuel Dun
' can, State constable, was to-day ac?
quitted of the murder ol Woikman,
; the ex-State constable, at Clinton in
A Household Tress-ure.
I>. W. Fuller, ot Canajobarie. 2%. V.. saja
; that he always kn.; ? Dr. King's .W.v Discovery
in tlie boase and Li* fnmi?y has always found
the Very.best results follow n-?- : that lewould
not -'C without ":. if procurable. <>. A- Dyke
man I'ru^vi-r. Catskill. N. V.. says that Dr*
King's New Disc very is undoubtedTy the best
Cough remedy : that be has u^eil ir in his family
for eight y ?a rs. an : it h..s never tuile*] to >i? all
that i? claimed for it. Why n^t try a remedy
.*<> long trie ! sn 1 tested. Trial Lotties free at
.T. F. W. LeLcnne's Drug Store. Regular ?ize
6 lc. and SVOO. . 3.
.cr.- Latest U.S.Gov't Report