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TtiM sumter watchman, E*t*bUehed Aprii?iS50. "Be Just and Fear not?Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." the true southron. Established Jone, 1S66
Consolidated Ang. 2,1881.
?SUMTER, S. C, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1895.
New Series?Vol. XT. No. 3.
Published Srery taeteeeday,
JM. Gr. Osteen,
SUMTER, S. C.
Two Dollars per annum?io advance.
One Square first insertioo.SI 00
Every subs?quent insertion.,. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
be made at red need ratos.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged foras advertisements.
Obituaries and tributes of respect will be
rowdy's Gase Dismissed.
Judge Goff Bows to the De
cision of the Court
Richmond, Aug. 6?In the United
States Circuit Court here today,
Judge Goff handed down a brief in
the South Carolina registration cases,
dismissing complainant's bill for an
injunction. Only the attorneys in
the case and a few others were pres
ent when the opinion was delivered .
The court's opinion is as follows:
"When the bill in this case was
presented for my consideraban, I
deemed it my duty to give the com
plainant an opportunity to demon
strate that he was entitled, as he
claimed, to the relief he prayed for
and to the jurisdiction of this court,
in order to secure it
"My views upon the questions
presented by this case were fully ex
pressed' in the opinion I filed in the
case of Mills vs. Green. I have giv
en the opinion Sled in said cause by
the Circuit Court of Appeals for this
circuit for the May term, 1895, and
all the cases cited therein ray careful
consideration and thorough examina
tion, and 1 muet "be permitted to say
with all due respect that I am unable
to find the reason or authority for
and by which the injonction granted
in that case was dissolved and the
bill dismissed. I think that in the
Mills case, as well as in this, the
rights claimed by the respective
plaintiffs as citizens of the United
States and of the State of South Car
olina have a property vaine of the
highest and most, sacred character?
of far greater value and importance
than have commodities, the values of
which are measured by the number
of pounds they weigh, or the number
of goods which they contain. These
rights, it is admitted, said plaintiffs
are deprived of, but it is insisted that
they have adequate remedies at law
and that equity, therefore, cannot en
tertain the complaint.
" very much regret that the Cir
cuit Court of Appeals did not indi
cate the character of the remedy at
law alluded to in such opinion. And
I also regtet that I am unable, after
thorough investigation, to find it. I
will not concede that it is proper to
close the doors of the courts of the
United States to their citizens who
are complaining that they are de
prived by the States of the rights and
privileges guaranteed to them by the
constitution of the United States and
to advise them that they must seek
the jurisdiction of the courts of the
States for the outrages imposed by
the unconstitutional enactments of
such States. I am advised that the
full aud-complete opinion of the Cir
cuit Court of Appeals is yet to be
filed, and I endulge the hope that
upon this point it will not leave us in
doubt. In my judgment such cases
?uuder the rules distinguishing
equity and law cases applicable to
the courts of the United States?
should be especially heard on the
equity sitie of such courts, for the
reaeou that said courts are, among
other things, established to deter
mine controversies involving con
flicts between State and Federal con
stitutions and enactments, and for the
further reason that in such cases there
is no full and adequate remedy at all.
It has been repeatedly held by the
courts of the United States that equi
ty will interfere when the injury
complained of is such that it cannot
be fairly compensated for by damages,
or if it is continuing or permanent
in character (Here the court cites
various opinions to sustain that
"The fact that there is a remedy at
law is not of itself sufficient to define
equity of jurisdiction unless it also
appears that the former is as com
plete and effectual as the latter. (Other
cases here cited )
"Nevertheless, while I entertain
these views, my great respect for the
Circuit Court of Appeals, my desire to
properly regard the official proprie
ties, and my duty to give due weight
and authority to the decisions and
opinions of the Appellate Courts of
the United States compel me, finding
as I do, that this case in its material
allegations, its true scope and effect,
is in fact similar to the Mills case, to j
which I have referred, to refuse the
injunction asked for and dismiss the
complainant's bill, and such a decree
will now be entered.''
This is, of course, a complete vic
tory for the Stale of South Carolina,
bat Attorney Obear, who represents
the plaintiff, will take an appeal
direct to the Supreme Court of the
United States, and thinks he can get
an early heaing as a privilege case
He left for Washigton, and the South
Carolina attorneys will return home
BOUNTIES ARE ILLEGAL.
Washington, Aug. 7 ?The extra
ordinary argument which began in
the office of the Comptroller of the
Treasury to-day was brought about
by Mr. Bowler's refusal to issue a
warrant for about $12,000 in favor of
the Oxnard Beet Sugar Company, of
Nebraska, certified to by the Auditor
and by the Commissioner o? Interna!
Revenue, and by the Auditor sent to
the Comptroller for his action. Mr.
Bowler was in doubt, upon looking
into the case, ot the constitutionality
of the appropriation, to pay bounty
on the crop of 1894, contained in the
new tariff law, inasmuch as the
Court of Appeals of the District of
Columbia had decided that bounties
in themselves were unconstitutional ;
and be notified the claimants that
unti! he was satisfied of the propriety
and legality of the law he should de
cline to issue the warrant To-day
was fixed for hearing argument on
This determination of the Comp
troller interested the cane sugar men
of Louisiana far more than it did the
beet sugar men of Nebraska, as they
had five millions at stake to about a
quarter of a million by the Nebras
kans. So Senators Gaffrey and Blan
chard and J. F. Semmes, of Louisi
ana, joiued ex-Senator Manderson, of
Nebraska, in the effort to satisfy the
Comptroller that the proper thing to
do was to issue the warrants. They
failed to induce either Secretary Car
lisle or President Cleveland to inter
fere iu behalf of their clients, both
of those asserting that the Comp
troller wae supreme in his sphere and
beyond any influence or any direc
tion from them Senator Manderson
opened the case for the sugar men.
Cornei ing the Orange Crop.
Jacksonville, Aug. 7.?The Brit
ish steamer J aeon, Capt Frazier, will
sail from here to-morrow for Jamaica,
carrying a cargo of orauge box ma
terial and also many expert orange
pickers and packere. These orange
pickers and packers are the em
ployees of Williams & Hubbard, of
the Boston Fruit Company, which
has cornered the Jamaica orange
crop for three years to come, or until
they expect that the Florida trees
will be in bearing again, and knocK
oat trust prices. A shrewd piece of
business was done by this concern
The moneyed men of the country
and the business meu thoroughly
alive to a point of vantage, hurried
over to Jamica immediately after the
Florida freeze and secured leases of
a large number of bearing orange
groves. These leases were obtained
for a period o? three years.
The boxes on the Jason are theirs
and will be used to pack the first
part of the crop, which will be
ready for shipment in September.
The beauty of the orange groves in
Jamaica is that they bear two crops
a year, one in September and the
other in March. They do not bear
as prolifically at a time as the orange
trees in Florida do, but in a year
produce fully as many oranges.
There is now on board the Jason
English material to manufacture into
50,000 boxes. As these are filled,
the Jason will come back for more.
She will probably bring back on her
retu. ? voyage the first shipment of
Jamaba oranges, which, on account
of their earliness, ought to command
Help for the Prodigals.
Washington, Aug. 9 ?Surgeon
General Wyman, of the Marine Hospi
tal Service, by authority of the Secre
tary of the Treasury, to-day directed the
collector of customs at Eagle Pass,
Tex., to furnish the returoiog negro
colonists from Mexico who are stranded
at that point 400 cote and pillows and
sufficient camp equipage to eoable them
to maintain life with some degree of
comfort until the outbreak of smallpox,
with which they are suffering, has ex
hausted itself. There are 115 cases
among the nearly 400 members of the
party, but so far no deaths have beeu
reported. The Marine Hospital Service
also supplies the camp with disinfecting
material and medicines.
J)r. Percy Ahrohens and Past
Assistant Surgeon J. M. Rosenau, of
Washington, huve been detailed to take
charge of the medical arrangements
at the camp. The State health author
ities of Texas applied to the service for
To Attack New York.
The White Squadron to Show
How it Should be Done.
Washington, August 7.?The inau
guration of a series of naval evolutions
and strategic manoeuvres greater than
ever attempted before in this country
was marked tn-day by the departure of
the cruisers New York. Montgomery
and Cincinnati from New York for
Newport. For the next two months
these vessels with several others belong
ing to the North Atlantic Squadron will
execute a marine programme extending
from Hampton Roads, Va., to Halifax,
N. S., which* will include a stragetic
attack on New York, and the working
out of a number of problems prepared
by the naval war college.
On their arrival at Newport the ves
sels which left ^iew York tr?-day will be
joined by the Raleigh and the dispatch
Evolutions in naval tactics will be the
first business of Admiral Bunce'e fleet,
and these will extend to Portland, Me.
Secretary Herbert will probably ac
company the fleet for that distance.
The battleship Texas will be placed
in commission August 15rh and will
join the squadron immediately thereaf
ter. If the Columbia proves to have
sustained no injury from her recent
docking experience at Southampton,
she also will be sent to join Admiral
Bunce when she comes out of the dry
dock at Brooklyn. The cruiser Minne
apolis will go to Newport in a few days,
and it is possible that the Monitor
Amphitrite will follow If the battle
ship Maine is completed in time, she
too. will be added to the fleet.
The programme of evolution has not
been fully prepared, but it will be ne
cessarily kept secret in order to carry
out the iotention of the Admiral and
the officers at the war college?to con
duct a campaign such as would prevail
during a war with foreign vessels
endeavoring to capture cities along the
Cheering News for Cubans.
Jacksonville. Fla.. August 7.?A
Cable to the Times- Union from Key
West Fla., says : Passengers by the
steamer Mascotte to-night report that
Marcos Garcia, mayor of the town of
Sancti Spiritus and a promineut leader
in the last revolution, has joined the
insurgents with 200 men. This fact is
generally known in Havana and the
press has been prohibited from publish
ing anything in relation to it. Promi
nent Cubans in this city claim that
Marcos Garcia's joining the insurgents
is of great importance.
It is reported that Ruloff has blown
up a bridge near the town of Sancti
Spiritus and besieged the town
Matagas, the famous bandit, has
joined the insurgents with "200 men.
Marttnez Campos arrived in Havana
on the night of the 6th about 12:?0aod
refuses to be seen. A call has been
made upon the volunteers for 10 per
cert, of their number to go to the field,
the same to be decided by lot. The or
der has caused much discontent, as it
was understood that the volunteers
were simply a home guard. Many
whose sympathies are with the insur
gents claim, if they must fight, they
will fight for the Cubans and are join
ing their ranks.
Minister Denby Will Guard
American Interests in
Washington, Aug 7.?Inquiry at
the Department of State to-day
brought to light the fact that more
than a month ago, Minister Denby
had secured from the Chinese govern
ment assurance that murderers of
American citizens would suffer capi
tal p?nishment, and following a vigo
rous insistance on his part, that per
sons implicated in the riots at Chang
Tu should be put to death. Mr.
Denby's action in this regard has re
ceived the approval of the State De
partment, and in view of the confi
dence imposed in him, it was not
considered necessary to send him
more explicit instructions in the
present troubles than to do all that
could be done for the protection of
It was stated at the Department to
day that no doubt was felt there that
Mr. Denby would secure protection
of American interests in the present
unsettled state of affairs Minister
Denby and Admiral Carpenter, com
manding the American fleet in Asir
atic waters, are free to act in the mat
ter of sending vessels for the protec
tion of American citizens ra China.
Permission from either the State or
Navy Department is not necessary in
the premises and Admisal Carpenter
lias lull authority to dispatch a ves
sel to any accessible point by direc
tion of the minister. In June last |
the gunboat Petrel went t<> Hankow
;it Mr. Denby's request It is im
possible to have a vessel ?tt Ivucheng j
or even to send a force of marines !
and blue jackets in small boats
The list of special days at the Cotton
States and International Exposition is
being rapidly completed. Many of the
largest organizations in the world, and
almost all the States will have special
days. All organizations of oational
reputation, and haveDg wide mem
bership, have been invited to come to
Atlanta to visit the Exposition io the
fall, aod are requested to commuoicate
with the Exposition authorities in refer
ence to special days. Following is a
Het of the days that have so far been
decided on :
Sept. 18th?Opening Day?Libertv
Sept. 19th?Georgia Editor's Day.
Sept. 25th?Kentucky Press Asso
Sept. 28th?New England Woman's
Oct 1st?Missouri Press Asso
ciation. Southern Mining Convention,
Texas Press Association.
Oct. 2d?Georgia Bar Association,
South Carolina Press Association,
Southern Mining Convention.
Oct. 3d?Georgia Bar Association,
South Carolina Press Association.
Oct. 4th?Georgia Bar Association,
South Carolina Press Association.
Oct. 5th?Tennessee Day.
Oct 7th?National Irrigation Con
gress, North Carolina Day.
Oct. 8th?National Irrigation Con
gress, American Institute Mining En
Oct. 9th?Chicago rDay, National
Irrigation Congress, American Insti
tute of Mining Engineers*
Oct. 10th?Farmers' Natiooal Con
gress, Women's Natiooal Council,
American Institute of Mining Engi
Oct. 11th?Farmers' National Con
gress, Women's National Council,
American Institute of Cioing Engineers.
Oct. 12th?Farmers' National Con
gress, Womens' National Council.
Oct. 14th?Farmers' National Con
gress, Women's National Couecil.
Oct. 15th?Farmersg National Con
gress, Women's National Council.
Oct. 16th?Farmers' Natiooal Con
gress, Woman's National Council,
Bankers' Association of America.
Oct. J17tb?Road Parliament,
Women's National Council.
Oct. 18th?Commarciai Travellers'
Day. Daughters of Revolution, Road
Oct. 19th?Virginia Day, Orator,
Gen. Daniel ; Daughters of Revolution.
Oct. 21st?Connecticut Day, Seidle's
Oct 22d?Georgia Association of
Manufacturers, Seidle's Orchestra,
World's'Fair Lady Managers
Oct. 23d?President's Day, Seidle's
Oct. 24th?City of Washington Day,
WToman's National Press Association,
International League of Press Clubs.
Oct 25th?South and West Trade
and Grain Congress, Seidle's Orchestra.
Oct. 26th?Educational Congress,
Oot. 27th?Pennsylvania Day.
Oct. 28th?Educational Congress,
Oct. 29th?Edajational Congress.
Oct. 30th?Wesleyan Female College,
Educational Congress, Natiooal Asso
ciation Household Economics.
Oct. 31si?Educational Congress,
National Association Household Eco
Nov. 1st?-Educational Congress,
Louisiana Day, Woman's Federation of
Nov. 2d? Worneo's Federation of
Clubs, Women's Educational Congress
Nov. 5th?Women's Christian Tem
Nov. 7th ?Daughters of Confeder
acy, Southern Female College, Penn
Nov. 8th?Peabody Normal.
Nov. 9th?Delaware Day.
Nov. 11th ? Association for Advance
ment of Women.
Nov. 12th?Georgia Day, Women's
Press Cluks, Grady Day, Georgia
Nov 13th?International League,
Women's Press Clubs.
Nov. 16th?Kentucky Day.
Nov. 20th?Letter Carrier's Day.
Nov. 21st?Connecticut Day.
Nov. 28th?South Carolina Day,
Dec. 3d?Natiooal Brickmakers'
Dec. 4th?Nationol Brickmakers'
Dec. 5th?National Brickmakers'
Dec. 6th?Rhode Island Day.
Dec. 10th?Woodmen of the World
Dec. 11th?Woodmen of the World.
Dec 28th?International Fork Lore
Dec. 29tb?International Fork Lore
The proposed gathering of the surviv
ing members of the Palmetto regiment |
at the Cotton States and Internationa!
Exposition will be an interesting occa
sion of some historical importance,
Aff'-r the Lat11 e of New Orleans, (?en- j
eral Jackson, who was a nntivo .if i
South Carolina, received from the ladies
of that city a handsome souvenir vase
as a token of their great admiration of
his great prowess io the war with Great
Britain. On bis death, General Jack
son willed the vase to the bravest sol
dier that South Carolina should seod to
the next foreign war. The Palmetto
regiment went , strong to the
Mexican war, but ooly 300 survivors
returned. A committee was appointed
to decide which was the bravest of the
300, but where all were Spartans in
volor the committee had a hopeless task.
The vase then went into the possession
of South Carolina, and the legislature
then undertook to dispose of it according
to the wishes of General Jackson. The
legnature finally disposed of the mat
ter by deciding the: ihe vase should go
to the last survivor of the Palmetto
regiment There are now only ten or
twelve survivors, and their coming to
Atlanta will bring a distinguished group
of men. The vase will be exhibited,
and will be an object of great, interest.
It is of solid silver, and beautifully
embossed, being about eighteen inches
high Judge J J Martin, of Atlanta,
one of the survivors, suggested the
gathering, which will doubtless take
place. The vase was exhibited at the
New Orleans Exposition in 1884, when
the number of survivors was several
times its present number.
An interesting attraction of the
Woman's Building, at the Cotton
States and International Exposition,
will be a calender-of Southern beau
ties. It is a beautiful calendar,
exquisitely printed, in which each
month is represented by a typical
belle of one of the Southern States.
The leading face is that of Winnie
Davis, who represents Mississippi.
The other twelve are like Miss. Davis,
in being beautiful, cultured and high
ly bred They consist of Annie R.
Sterling, of Westminster, Md.; Janie
Southerlin Smith, of Danville, Va ;
Frances Wheat-Snober, of Salisbury,
N. C; Virginia Leigh Fraser, of
Charleston, S. C ; Marian H. Dunbar,
of Augusta, Ga.; Mattie Houston, of
Tallahassee, Fla.; Annie H. Reese, of
Birmingham, Ala ; Ella Mehle, of
New Orleans, La.; Emma Belknap, of
of San Antanio, Texas; Georgia
Lincoln, of Little Rock, Ark ; Queenie
Woods, of Nashville, Tenn., and
Elsie Caetleman, of Louisville, Ky
The originsl picturies are large water
colors, painted dy the well-known
artist, Mrs. Caroline C. Lovell, and
give an admirable idea of the superb
beauty of the daughters of Dixie j
They will be hung in the Art Gallery
of the Woman's Building, and the
calendars sold in the hall for the !
benefit of the fund.
The organization of the King's
Daughters, which has its branches all
over the world, will meet in Atlanta on ?
October 14th, at the Co?ton States and
The restaurant of the Negro Build
ing of Cor?on States and International
Exposition will be conducthd by one
of the most experienced hotel men
among the colored people, Walter Epps,
who is head waiter of the Aragon hotel
of Atlanta,JGa. He is making exten
sive preparation to conduct as fioe a
restaurant as may be found anywhere
oo the Exposition grounds and will
give the matter his personal attention.
He intends to make the restaurant an
exhibit in itself of the ability of a negro
to run a first class restaurant. Eppe
is an Atlanta negro who has been in
the business all of his life.
Atlanta Exposition Rates.
Chicago, Aug. 9.?At today's meet- j
ing of the Chicago and Ohio River j
Association, the only matter consid- j
ered was the recommendation made
yesterday by the Southern lines in 1
regard to the rates to the Atlanta ex
position It was decided to adopt j
the lowest proposition, which is a j
cent a mile, tickets to be sold every
ten days only, for the month of Sep- ?
tember only. Class A rates were
Spy Newbold Again.
Charlotte, N. C, Aug. 7.?At 7 1
o'clock this morning when an excur- j
sion train returning from Atlanta to
Charlotte, reached Chester, S. C, Mr. ?
M. R. Cochrane and Mr. Harry Tim
mone, who bad charge of the refresh
ment stand and who were selling beer, j
were arrested and handcuffed by a Till- \
man spy by the name of Newbold, who !
got on at Chester and went to Atlanta ;
and back with the excursion train. Mr. j
Cochrane was placed under $400 bond, j
two cases against him, Mr. Timmons i
was placed euder $100 hood. Both
gave bail and returned home this even- I
ing- _ I
Highest of all in Leavening Pow
Touching The Taxes.
What Changes the Comptroller
A representative of The State yester
day asked Comptroller General Norton
what changes he could recommend in
the State Constitution as affecting the
tax department of the State govern
ment, if the coming convention would
ask htm for such suggestions in view
of the experience he has bad.
He talked very freely and it was
found that there were only two mat
ters he thinks of consequence to the
tax machinery?the matter of the ad
valorem basis of valuation of property
for taxation and the constitutional twc
mill school tax.
He says that the requirement that all
property in the State shall he assessed
ad valorem?at its actual money value
is entirely equitable so far as the citi
zens of the State are concerned, but it
ie very different with foreign property
holders. There is no way to get ac
them He cited for instance the Pull
man Palace Car Company. This com
pany, be says, always has a vast
amount of property moving in the
State, carrying away from the State
thousands of dollars, yet there is no
way by which the company can be re
quired to pay taxes, because of this ad
valorem basis of taxation He would
have the organic law changed so as to
reach this class of business interests.
The constitutional twr; mill tax pro
vision in the Constitution also gives
great trouble to the tax department.
He says he is not opposed to education
in any way whatsoever, and does not
wish the money given to educational
institutions curtailed. He would like
to see /the Constitution fix the mini
mom amount that should be levied aod
devoted to education, and then leave
it to toe State Legislature to fix the
maximum. The trouble is this: A
State is looked upon as to its standing
by the amount of property it has
assessed for taxation. With this two
mill tax mil'stone hanging around the
department's neck all the time, the
valuation of property for taxation has
to be kept low aod a high tax put on
for State aod other purposes, for when
you double the valuation you double
the amount to be received from the two
mill tax, and all the taxes will go to
school purposes alone, if this were
not the case the valuation of all prop
erty for taxation could be doubled, aod
the rate of taxes charged on the
amount could be reduced one-half so
that the people would pay no more in
taxes than they did at the double rate
on a low valuation.? The State.
AN OUTrIgE^IN BARN
A Witness in a. Murder Case Kid
napped and Whipped on Ac
count of his Testimony.
Blackville, August 9.?Cyrus Da
vid, a colored barber, was fooled
into the country last night and given
a severe flogging. A party went to
his home and told him he was wanted
to shave a dead man and he started
out in the vehicle, but it came very
near his being the dead man A cro
cus sack was thrown over his head
and a severe whipping administered.
This morning he looked rather badly
bruised. He says he was told that
the reason he was whipped was be
cause of his having given certain ev
idence against a party recently
charged with murder in a case which
attracted a great deal of interest.
This evidence is alleged to have been
given at the second trial in connec
tion with the tragedy The chief of
police had heard of the incident, but
no officiai report had been made to
him and the whipping was done in
It might not bo hard work for the
right persons to find out who com
mitted this outrage and have the law
take its proper course
President Cleveland has consented
to press the electric bu'ton that will
start the machinery of the Atlanta Ex
position on September IS'h.
??^mt*~ '?> -
OKI people wh-> require medicine to regulate
the bowels and kidneys will t?nti the true
remedy in Electric Bitters. This medicine
does not stimulate ;in?i contains no whiskev
nor other intoxicant, but acts ?s a tonic and
alterative. It acts mildly on the stomach and
bowels, adding strength and fciving rone to the
organs, thereby aiding Nature in th? perfor.
?ance of the functions. Electric Bitters is an
excellent appetizer and aids dige>tion. Old
People find it just exactly what they need
Price fifty cents per bottle at J. F. \V. De
Loruie'i Drug Store. ?
er.?Latest U. S. Gor't Report