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The watchman and southron. [volume] (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, September 26, 1900, Image 1

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FHS SUMTKR WATCHMAN, EitablUhed April, 1850.
Consolidated Aug. 2S1881.
"Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Ainis't at, be thy Country's, thy God'sJandSTruth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone 13CG
New Series-Vol. XX. So. 9
Publishad Every Wednesday,
JV. GS-. Osteen,
?1.50 per annum-in advance.
? D ; s a ? i s J M J s T :
Ono Square first insertion.$1 00
Everv subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer wil
be made at redaced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged foras ad vertiements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
charged for.
Demands as a Prelimioary
to Peace Negotiations.
Berlin, Sept 18.-The foreign ofice
has sent a e'rcular note to all the pow?
ers announcing that the German gov*
eroment considers that an indispensibie
preliminary to the beginning of peace
negotiations with China is the deliver?
ing up of those who were responsible
for the outrages.
The text of the telegraphic note is as
follows ;
"The government of the emperor
holds as preliminary to entering upon j
diplomatic relations with the Chinese j
government that those persons mast be j
delivered ap who have beea proved to
be the original and real instigators of
the outrages against international law
which have occurred at Pekin. The
number of those who were merely in?
struments io carryiog out the outrages
is too great. Wholesale executions
would be contrary to the civilized
cQDSoieaoe and the circumstances of
such a group of leaders oaooot be com?
pletely ascertained ; but a few of those
whose guilt is notorious should be de?
livered ap sod punished The repr??
sentatives of the powers at Pekin are
io a position to give or bring forward
eoavinciag evidence Less importance
attaches to the number punished than
to their character as chief instigators
and leaders
.*The government believes ic can
count oe the unanimity of ail the cabi?
nets in regard to this point, in so mach
as indifference to the just atonement
would be equivalent to indifference to a
repetition of the crime The govern?
ment proposes therefore, that the cab
?nets concerned should instruct their
representatives at Pekin to indicate
those leading Chinese personages from
whose guilt in insulating or perpetrat?
ing outrages ail doub? is excluded. .
.'Von Bnefow."
The note has been sent to the Ger
man embassies at Wasbingtoc, London,
Paris, St Petersburg, Rome, Vienna
and Tokio.
Washington, Sept 18 -A copy of
the German Dote demanding the
punishment of the leaders of the
rebellion to China was presented to
Acting Secretary Adee at the state
department during the day from the
German embassy The German
charge. Baron Sternberg, being tempo
rarily absent from the city, there oouid
of coarse, be no attempt at diseasing
this most important communication.
The baron is expected to retare tomor?
row wheo the sabject may be taken up
with him. Meeanwbile the note itself
will receive the earoest attention cf the
president aod each members of the
cabinet as are io Washington tomorrow
when he arrives
The state department has been ail
along directiog tts efforts to the speedy
opening of negotiation? for a final set?
tlement w::h the Chinese government
aod has bo far not been heard from
relative to the matter of puoisbmects
beyond the indirect references cootaioed
io the notes that have defined the
government's purpose The question
is cow presented plainly, whether or
not the negotiations shall be proceeded
with a decision on this point
London, Sept 19, 4 30 a m -As
might have been expected, coincident
with the arrival of Count von Wal
dersee in China conies the ino6t in>
ponant declaration of policy yet
issued by any of the allies As The
Daily News remarks, Germany's cir
cnlar note has turned the tables cn
Russia, whope evacuation proposal
had put Germany into an awkward
corner Now, ii Russia assents to
the Germen note sbe will be unable
to continue, sayp The Daily Newe,
to pose a? China s lenient and ?orgiv
ing friend, while, if she dissents!,
Russia will lay herseif oprn to the
charge of reducing the punitive
expedition to a farce
The London morning papcis have
little bat praise for what is called
Germany's admirable note The
Times goes so far as to wish that the
credit for' making such a proposal
belonged to Great Britain The
Morning Pest alone, in a cogent and
well reasoned editorial points ont a
I grave objection, namely, that if the
j real authors and instigators of the up
; rising should prove to be identical
j with the personnel of the Chinese
! government, it can hardly be expect
I ed that they will deliver themselves
up, and that, if the Chinese govern
ment should be designated as guilty,
it would be under the ban of the
powers, a condition of things only
terminable by the conquest of China
or a revolution producing a new gov
"Therefore," says The Morning
Post' "the powers should carefully
weigh the matter before committing
themselves "
Hong Kong, Sept 18 -The Ger
man steamer Sachen, having on board
Field Marshal Count von Walderser,
commander in chief of the interna
tional forces in China, and his staff
has arrived here
The field marshal landed and was
received by a guard of honor of
British troops He made the U9ual
official calls and will this evening
proceed to Shanghai From there to
Tako on board the German cruiser
Hong Kong, Sept 18 -It is report?
ed in the West river district that
Chinese troops are visible in every
town and that they are actively drill?
ing A Chinese gunboat is again
patrolling the river and it is evident
that some action is completed The
Sandpiper which has been patrolling
the delta has proceeded to Canton.
Taree Courses Open to This
Government in Coma.
Washington, Sept 1?.-With the
German proposition to postpone
peace negotiations with China until
the persons responsible for the Pekin
outrages are punished, and the
French and Russian notification of
the purpose of those governments to
begin such negotiations at once
awaiting bim, the president found
much matter of importance to dispose
of upon his arrival in Washington
from Canton this morning He lost
no time in notifying the officials be
desired to consult of his return and
the day was largely given up to
private discussion Although it was
stated that no answer would be ready
to the German note today, it appear
ed that the preeideat, after talking
j over the situation with Attorney
j General Griggs. Acting Secretary
j Hill and Assistant Secretary Adee,
j had arrived at a conclusion as to the
! nature of the response that should be
made Mr Adee spent the afternoon
consulting Acting Secretary Hill and
in drafting the note of response, but
all information as to its nature was
refused at the state department It
was said that the note is to be gone
over carefullv at a further meeting:
between the president and such of
his advisers as are in the city The
German government apparently is
anxious for a speedy answer, as
j Baron Sternberg paid two visits to
the state department after the German
note was delivered The Chinese
minister also was twice at the state
I department today seeking to influence
j the government not to agree to the
j joint action suggested in the German
! note
The conclusion reached from the
? day's developments is that the
j powers are dividing as to China and
j that at present Germany and Great
' Britain stand in alignment against
j France and Russia, while both sides
j are ardently seeking the adherence
j of the United States government,
j The issue appears to be made up
I in such Rhape as to dismiss further
i hope of attaining that harmony of
action respecting China that the
president has been seeking so far,
and the point has been reached
j where the United States must take
! sides or at once proceed to act
! entirely independent of the powers
j in reaching a settlement. The Chi
j nese government is urging the latter
j course upon the state department,
j but thus far there ha? been a restrain
j ing force in the desire io avoid mak
I ing the Uuited States the first of the
I powers lo break the eolid front that
j has been maintained np to the pres
' est time in dealing with China
Washington, Sept ll). -An import
ant conference over the answer to
the German note WHS bold at the
White House tonight. Tin' parties
to the conference were thc president,
Attorney Genera! Grigg?, the only
cabinet officer in the eily ; Mr Hill,
acting secretary of state ; Asei-tant
Secretary of State A deo, ?nd Gen
Corbin, who, by executive order, is
acting secretary of war. The presi?
dent entertained these gentlemen at
dinner and the subsequent conference
lasted until ll o'clock At its close
one of tbe participants said no final
action had been taken.
It ie understood, however, that the
answer of this government, as now
framed, is in effect a diplomatic re
fusa) to accede to the German propo?
Conger Speaks.
Pekin, Sept. 12, via Taka, Sept. 16.
via Shanghai, Sept. 18.-Mr. CoDger,
the United States minister, says that
Pekin must be ooonpied by foreign
troops until some settlement is effected,
a6 otherwise all the value of the expedi?
tion will be lost.
Geo. Chaffee has issued orders pro?
hibiting the American troops from
shootiDg from boats, lootiog or forag?
ing. Every facility is to be giren to
Chinese who desirs to recpen their
shops, and everything taken must be
paid for.
Murdered Missionaries.
Washington, Sept. 20 -The state
department has received the follow?
ing telegram from the consul general
at Shanghai, China :
Shanghai, China, Sept 20.
Secretary of State, Washington :
Killed to date : Rev and Mrs Sim
cox, three children ; Dr and Mrs
Hodge; Dr Taylor; Rev Pitkins;
Misses Gould, Morrill, at Pao Ting
Fu ; Misses Desmond, Manchester,
at Ku Chao ; Misses Rice, Huston,
at Lu Ching; Rev and Mrs Clapp;
Rev G L Williams, Rev Davis ;
Mjsses Bird ; Partridge at Taiku ;
Rev and Mrs Atwater, four children ;
Rev and Mrs Price, one child at Fen
Chow Fu Eave mailed report.
Chinese Drowned by Rus?
Loodoo, Sept 21.-"Autbeotio ac?
counts have been received here," says
the Mo830W oorreepondeot of The
Standard, "of a horrible massacre at
Blagovcstcbeosk, which was undoubt?
edly oarried out uoder direct orders
from the Rassiao authorities and which
then let loose the tide of slaughter
throogh Amur.
The entire Chinese population of
5,000 souls was escorted out of town to
a spot ove miles up the Amur and then,
being led in batches of a few hundreds
to the banks of the river bank, were
ordered to cross the river to the Cbi
oese side. No boats were provided and
the river is a mile wide. The Chinese
were Bung alive into tbe stream and
were stabbed or shot at the least res?st?
anse, while Rassiao volunteers who
lined the bank clubbed or shot any on?
who attempted to land Not one
escaped alive. The river bank for
miles was strewn with oorpses.
Loot From Pekin.
San Francisco, Sept 20 -Revenue
officers have bronght down from the
Mare Island navy yard on a govern?
ment tug 154 cases of rare oriental
goods which had been brought into
this country on the hospital ship
Solace The articles seized would
net a small fortaoe The duty is
nearly 60 per cent On this account
most of the staff-which includes
loot from Tien Tsin-probably will
be abandoned to the government
The cases of silks and curios are
addressed to persons all over the
United States
Hubbard's Cotton Letter.
New York, Sept 21.-A sharp
advance in Liverpool this morning
came as a surprise to the trade, who
looked for weaker markets abroad in
answer to the pressure to sell for
sonthern account on the basis of
present values. Southern markets
were all lower last evening, which
caused Liverpool to open at a decline
which waa quickly recovered on the
reports of injury to the crop in
northern Texas from heavy rains.
Our market opened steadily at 10 to
12 points advance and became easier
on the movement at the interior
towns and rallied quickly by noon
on the covering of the local interest
The movement of the crop and the
buying power in the southern markets
will be the te6t to the situation for
some time to come The local tem
i per is in favor of buying cotton on
all weak moments on the belief that
if the larger marke'ts accumulate a
stock the pressure in the Routh to
sell wiil be relieved by the tendency
j to accumulate cotton to fill these
i exhausted supplies The local trade
; are not disposed to consider that the
j movement is indicative of anything
? more than the desire of planters to
j obtain present prices for their cotton
Hubbard Kros & Co
- 1? II in -
! Charleston. Sent 'JO.-John Calla
I han, ri?ed 13 y^ars. while pretending
I that he was a burglar, wa* slmr and
j instantly kilied carly last, night by
i Joho Tiedmao. bis p!ayn>are The
j shooting was done with a parlor rifle
1 and io the office of J. D. W. Ciaassen
j 156 East Bay.
! Cossacks Depopulate Great
j New York, Sept 21 -Concerning
the massacre of 5,000 Chinese at
Blagovestchensk by Russians, The
Eveuing Post contains an account
from G. Frederick Wright, one of the
faculty of Oberlin, O . college, who
was erroneously reported killed at
Pekin. The letter is written from
Stretensk, Siberia, under date of
Aug 6
As soon ae the Russian troops
went down the river on transports,
July 14, the fort at Aygun began
without warning to fire upon passing
j steamboats, and on the 15th fire was
I opened upon Blagovestchensk and
j some Russian villagers were burned
; opposite the fort. The actual injury
inflicted by the Chinese was slight,
but the terror caused by it was
indescribable, and it drove the Cos
I sacks into a frenzy of rage. The
j peaceable Chinese to the number of
j 4,000 in the city were expelled in
: great haste, and being forced upon
I rafts entirely inadequate, were most
I of them drowned in attempting to
cross the river The stream was
. fairly black with their bodies Three
days after hundreds of the corpses
were counted in the water,
j Mr Wright says : "In our ride
I through the country to reach the city
j on Thursday, the 20th, we saw as
many as 30 villages and hamlets of
j the Chinese in flames One of them
was a city of 8,000 or 10,000 inbabi
; tants. We estimate that we saw the
dwellings of 20,000 peacable Chinese
in flames that awful day, while
parties of Cossacks were scouring
the fields to find Chinese and shoot
ing them down at sight. What be?
came of the women and children no
one knew ; there was apparently no
way for them to escape to a place of
safety. On our way up the river for
500 miles above the city every Chi
nese hamlet was a charred mass of
ruins. The large villuge of Motcha
was still smoking and we were told
that 4,000 Chinese had been killed.
The wholesale destruction, both of
property and of life, was thought to
be a military necessity Peace be?
tween the Russians and Chinese has
come to an end. Years cannot wipe
out the enmity engendered "
Great Electrical Combine.
! New York, Sept 20.-In its forth
j coming issue The Electrical Review
! will editorally say :
i There have been numerous reports
I of late cODcerniog the probable amal
! gatcaiion of ail che tclepbooe and tole*
j graph companies of tho United StateF.
The Electrical Review was recently in?
formed that rapid progress was being
made in this direction by the fioaocial
interests controlling tbe four leading
companies. These are tbe American
Telephone and Telegraph company,
which now include* the American Bell
Telephone company, the Telephone,
Telegraph and Cable Company of
America, the Western Union Telegraph
company and the Postai Telegraph and
Cable company
Ic is predioted by those in position to
know that these interests will be coo
I solidated into one big company to bc
! known as the National Telephone and
I Telegraph company, and that suob
i consolidation will be accomplished be
I fore the end of the present year
-? ? -??
The Howard Trial.
i _
j Frankfort, Ky., Sept. 18-The
j prosecution concluded its direct testi
! roooy ia thc case of James Howard
! this afternoon. Ben Rake, a stable
? boy, corroborated Bowman Gaines as
i to seeing Howard run out from the
j rear of the State house grounds sbort
* ly after the shooting,
j W.H. Colton, one of the alleged
I conspirators, went over his former
: testimony, which indirectly affected
Howard. He claimed that Howard
exhibited cartridges to him and also
pointed significantly to a broken pal?
ing of the fence Colton said be asked
Howard wbat he meant by this, and
the latter told bim to "not ask so many
fool questions."
During tbe examination of witnesses
this afternoon Col. T. C Campbell
called on thc court for protection from
.'the insulting insinuations" ss he
termed 3 refereocc runde to him by
Maj. Owens of the defense
The court imposed a fins of ?5
against Mr. j Owens.
Tne defendants wi!! take the stand
as tho 2rsr v/?rn-s* in hts owo behalf
He claims ar. alibi and thc attorneys
for thc defense say th<^v will briet; over?
whelming prooi that Howard wassucd
?ng io front of the board of trade hotel
two squares from thc scene of the
tragedy when the shooting occurred
- - - -OJ - -
Texarkana. Ark.. Sepf. 19-The j
plant of the Union Compre.** company !
was burned today with 2.000 bales of j
cotton. Loss $150,000. j
Outline of His Letter to Chair?
man Richardson.
Line?lo, Neb, Sept 15 -Hoo James
D. Richardson, chairman, and others
of the notification committee of the
Democratic National Convention.
''Gentlemen : lo aooeptiog the nom?
ination tendered by yon OD behalf of
the democratic party, I beg to assure
yon of my appreciation of the great
honor oonferred upon me by the dele?
gates in convention assembled, and by
the voters who gave instructions to the
"? am sensible of the responsibilities
which rest upon the ohief magistrate of
so great a nation, and realize the far
reaching effect of tbe questions involved
in the present contest.
4'in my letter of acceptance of 1896
I made the following pledge :
" *So deeply am I impressed with
the magnitude of the power vested by
tbe constitution in the chief executive
cf the nation aod with the enormous
iofiuence which be can wield for the
benefit or injury of the people, that I
wish to enter tbe office, if elected, free
from any personal desire except the
desire to prove worthy of the confidence
of my countrymen. Human judgment
is fallible enough when unbiased by
human considerations, and, in order
that I may not be tempted to use the
patronage of tho office to advance any
personal ambition, I hereby anoouoce,
with ail the emphasis which words can
express, my fixed determioatioo not,
under any circumstances, to be a can?
didate for reelection, io case this cam?
paign result* in my election '
"Farther reflection and observation
constrain me to renew this pledge.
"The platform adopted at Kansas
City commands my cordial and un?
qualified approval. It courageously
meets the issues now before the coun?
try, and states clearly and without
ambiguity tho party's position on every
qoestioo considered. Adopted by a
convention which assembled oo the
anniversary of the signing of the
declaration of independence, it breathes
the spirit of candor, indepeodenoe aod
patriotism which characterizes those
who, at Philadelphia io 1776, pro?
mulgated the creed of the republic
"Having io my notification speech
discussed somewhat at length the
paramount issue, imperialism, and
added some observations on militarism
aod the Boer war, it is sufficient at this
time to review the remaining pla?ks of
the platform/7
Mr Bryan then takes up the trust
oaesiion and deals with it at length
Then follows corporations in politics
and the interstate commerce law
Tafeing op the fioaocial question he
deals with it at considerable length,
pointing out the inconsistencies of the
Republicans on this issue. He io
dorses the demand for thc election of
senators by the people and direct leg?
Taking up the labor question he
defines his position cn this great prob?
lem io a clear and coocise manner.
He is opposed to the blacklist, and
favors arbitration between corporations
aod their employes. He also favors
the establisbmeot of the department of
labor aod the exclusioo of the Chinese.
While he favors a liberal policy to?
ward the old soldiers and sailers, Mr
Bryao suggests that reforms are oeces*
sary io the administration of the
peoeioo bureau. Following this, Mr
Bryao touches upoD the Nicarauga
caoal, Mooroe doctrice and other
issues of importance, clearly defining
the attitude of the Democratic party on
all the great issues of the day.
- ??
End of Boer War.
London, Sept 20 -Lord Roberts
cables from Neispruit, on the Prc
toria Delagoa Bay railroad, not far
from Komati Poort, the frontier
station, under date of Wednesday,
Sept 19, ss follows :
"Of the three thousand Boers who
retreated from Komati Poort before
the British advance seven hundred
have entered Portuguese territory,
others have deserted in various
directions, and the balance are re?
ported to have crossed the Komati
river, and to be occupying spurs of
the Lobombo mountain, south of the
A general tumult seems to have oc?
curred when they recognized the
hopelessness of their cause. Their
Long Toms and field guns have been
destrojTed and nothing is left of the
j Boer army but a few marauders.
Wheat Frizes.
Thc Virginia-Carolina Chemical
Conpasy I-* endeavoring to get toe
farmers to raise wheat ny offering
prize - f j tee raisers of the best crop
Three prizss are to br gi.vca, the fir*?
to b" a reaper and hinder, the second a
driil, and the third two tons of standard
ammoai&ted fertilizer The contest is
to bo for the beet yield on twenty acres, j
or ten acres,or five acres- Prof. J. S. j
Newman, of Clemson College, will j
hsve charge of the contest, and is oow j
formulating the p?aos
I Cotton Bears in Control.
New York, Sept 20 -The cotton
market wae excited pretty much ail
! through today's session, with prices
tumbling around at much tbe same
sensational rate as during the great
bull movement of some two weeks
ago. Only today's fluctuations were
in the nature of a collapse in al!
Speculation swepfe through the
marfcet in waves and consisted for
the most part of liquidation by
holders who had held through the
late declines Weak cables, weak?
ness in Wall street, heavy receipts ic
the south, weak southern spot mar?
kets, foreign selling pressure and an
almost total absence of speculative
support of any description were the
factors which created havoc in bull
circles and prompted the bears tc
invade their opponents' territory.
The opening was irregular 3t a loss
of 15 to 24 pointe. After a fall of 10
to 12 points the market once more
plunged downward under terrific
selling from all quarters. , Predic?
tions for still heavier receipts and
rumors that southern markets were
on the verge of a heavy slump added
to the woes of luckless holders and
increased to the jubilation of the
shorts, who were merciless in their
raids. The close was barely steady
at about the lowest figures of the
day, a net decline of 25 to 29 points.
The day's transactions were con8er
! vatively estimated at 850,000 bales.
Tillman in Milwaukee.
Milwanke, Wis, Sept 20 -United
States Senator Benjamin R Tillman
addressed a Democratic gathering of
1,500 persons at the Sooth Side
Turner Hall tonight, confining his
remarks chiefly to imperialism He
was frequently applauded.
"One burning question,99 he said,
"ie to determine whether or not you
will retain a republic to live under or
wbteher you will set up a military
depot?8m 99
The Porto Rican tariff law be
characterized as "a damnable act,
for which you will rise up and call
the Republicans to account "
These people, he said, were pro?
mised that they would receive ali the
rights and guarantees that the Con
I stitotion calls for, but the Republican
party has from the start denied them
their rights.
fie dwelt at length on the Philip?
pines and ridiculed the statement cf
Republicans that the war was over
in those islands, and stated thai in
the face of such reports messages
were being sent to Washington
almost daily containing news of the
killing of many of our soldiers He
quoted Admiral Dewey to the effect
that the Filipinos were better able to
govern themselves than tbe Cubans,
yet the Cubans were given their
liberty and the Filipinos remain
He urged bis bearers to arise
above party and vote for principle
and liberty ; that they were to decide
whether the Constitution and tho
flag go together.
Taking np the argument of "the
full dinner pail," the speaker told
his iistenere to tell the Republicans
that "slaves heretofore had fui? din?
ner pails "
Senator Tillman closed by inviting
the audience to vote for Bryan, and
predicting defeat of the Republican
j party in November.
I A cheap remedy for cough* and cold.? is ai-.
right, bat yo? want something tha? will re?
i Heve and care the more severe and dangcrou:'
! results of tbrcat and lang troubles. What
j shali you do ? Go -o a warmer and u:ore ragu
{ lar climate ? Yes, if possible ; if nc: possible
for you, thea in either case take tbe onty rem
edy that has '--een introduced in all civilized
countries with success in sovoro throat and
luag troubles, "Boschee's German Syrup." I:
. not only boals and stimulates the tissues tv
j destroy the germ diseases, but allays inflatP
j uaatien, causes easy expectoration, gives n froo-.i
cigbt's rest, and cures the patient. Try or.i
bottle. Recommended many years by all drug
: gists ia the world. For salo by A J Chiua. B
i Sound Advice..
London, Sept 21 -The Spectator,
j commenting upon the colton prices,
i says :
j -'With all th3 talk of corners, there
j secas no doub: whatever that the cause
I is quite real-a dfueienoy in the supply
j of raw material.'''
The Spectator expressed the opinion
that the Lancashire trade has been
.'rather easily deceived" and urges it
to "take t&ectua! .steps in the future to
ascertain early and aceuraiely the tree
charae'er of thc ootteo crop in the
United States.'7
- mt -?
Two KodaK thuds were caught in
Galveston taking soap shots at the
nude bodies of female victims of the
storm, when the discovers took soap
.shots at them and killed both of them.

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