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TM ICMTMrn WATCHMAN, ftUAabllehed
Consolidated Aug. 2,1881. ft be f?flatebmau ani> ^outbron. FublUlitd I y try TaTedneilay, -bt IV. C3k Osteen, 8UMTKR, S. 0. tirmb : 11.50 per add am?10 advance. Odo Square drat insertion..$1 00 Ycerr subsequent insertion... 50 Contracts for three months, or longer wil be aande et reduced ratet. ?II coesnioe lent ions which eubeeree private interests will be charged for aa adeertinmenta. Obituaries and tributes of respect* will be ?barged for. ? VERY FIRM STAND TAKEN BY GERMANY. Demands as a Prell mtoary to Peaoe Negotiations. Berlio, Sept 18.?The foreign offioe haa tool a oiroolar note to all the pow? ers eonouooiog that the German got eromeot consider* that ao iodispeotible preliminary to the beginning of peace negotiation* ?tili Cbioa it ibe deliver? ing op of those who were responsible for ibe outrages. Tbc teil of the telegraphio ooto is as follows ; ? "The government of the emperor holds as preliminary to eoteriug upon diplomatic relations with the Chinese gov-rnmeot that those psrsoos most be delivered wp who have beeo proved to bo the origital nod real iostigators of tbe outrages ageiost international law which have oooarred at Pelio. Tbe number of those who wars merely in strumsnte to carrying oat the outrages is too grast. Wholesale executions woald be oootrery to tbe civilised eoosotenee aod the otreomsteooes of such a group of lsadsrs eaooot bo oom pletely ascertained ; but a fsw of those whose guilt to ootorious should bo de? livered up tod pooisbed The repre ssoiativea of tbe powers at Pekin are ia a position to give or bring forward convincing cvtdeooe Lese importance etleeaee to tbe oomber paoished thso Is their ebaraeter as ohief iostigators aod leaders "The government belie vea K can eouot no the unanimity of all tbe oabi oats to regard to this poiot, io so much as indifference to the just atocemeot would be equivalent to todiffereooe to a repetition of the orime The govern? ment proposes therefore, that the eab ioete concerned should instruct tbsir -opreesetaiivos at Pekin to indioate thoee leadiog Chinese peraooages from whose guilt in instigatiog or perpetrat? ing ootragea ail doubt ia deluded. . ??Voo Boelow." The note h%> beeo seot to the Oer mso essbassioe a' Waehiogtoe, London. Parte. 8t Psteraburg, Rome, Vienna and Tokio. THINKING IN WASHINGTON Washington, Sspt 18 ?A eopy of the German note demanding the puotshment of tbe leaders of ibe rebellion io China we* preaented to Acting Secretary Adee at the atate department duriog tbs day from the German embassy The Germao ehsrgs. Baron Stornberg, being tempo rsrily absent from thsetty, there ooold of coarse, be no attempt at disoussing ibis moat importaot oommonioatiou. The baroo ia eapeetsd to rstoro tomor? row wbeo the sobjeet may be taken up with him. Meeanwbile tbe oole itself will reoeive the earoest attention of tbe prsstdsot and suoh members of th cabinet at are io Wasbiogtoo tomorrow wbeo be arrives The state depsrtmeot has beeo all along directing its effort* to tbs speedy npeotng of negotiation* for a final set? tlement with tbe Corneae government aod haa ao far not beeo beard from relative t* tbe matter of puoiabmeotR beyond the indirect refereoce* contain* d ia the noiea that have defined tbe goveromeol'a purpose Tbo question is cow preseoted plainly, whether or not the negotiatiooa shall be proceeded with a decision on ibis point APPROVED IN ENGLAND. London, Sept 19, 4 30 n rn ?As might have been expected, coincident with the nrrival of Count von Wal dersee in China comes the most im* portent declaration of policy yet issued by any of the alliee As The Daily Newa remarke, Germany's cir? cular note hae turned the tabiea on Roseia, whose evacuation proposal had put Oeimany into an awkward corner Now, U Russia aeeente to the German note she will be unable to continue says The Daily News, to pose as China a lenient and forgiv ing frieud, while, if she dissents, R'isaie will lay herself oprn to the charge of reducing the punitive expedition to a farce The London morning; papers have little but praies for what is called Germany's admirable note The Tinea ajoee eo far a to wieh that the credit for' making ouch a propoeal belonged to Greit Britain The April. I860* "Be Jus SUMT Morning Pout alone, in a cogent and well reasoned editorial points out a grave objeotion, namely, that if the real authors and instigators of the up rising should prove to be identicsl witb tbe personnel of the Chinese government, it osn bardly be expect ed tbst tbey will deliver themselves up, and that, if the Chinese govern meat should be designated as guilty, it would be under the bsn of the powers, a condition of things only terminable by the conquest of Chins or a revolution producing a new gov eminent "Therefore," says Tbe Morning Post* "tbe powers should carefully weigh the matter before committing themselves " VON WALDERSEE AT HONG KONG. Hong Kong. 8ept 18?The Ger msn stesmer Sachen, having on board Field Marshal Count von Waldereee, commander in chief of the interna tional fo ces in China, and his staff has arrived here The field marsbsl landed and was received by a guard of honor of British troops He msde the usual official calls snd will this evening proceed to Shanghai From there to Tsku on bosrd the German cruiser Hertha. CHINESE TROOPS DRILLING Hong Kong, Sept 18 ?It is report? ed in tbe West river district that Chinese troops are visible in every town and that they sre actively drill ing A Chinese gunboat is again patrolling the river and it is evident tbst some sction is completed The Ssndpiper which hss been patrolling tbe delta has proceeded to Canton. Tbree Courses Open to This Government in China. Washington. Sept 1ST?Witb the German proposition to postpone pesoe negotiations witb China until the persons responsible for tbe Pekin outragea are punished, and the French and Ruasisn notification of tbe purpose of those governments to begin suob negotiations at once awaiting him, tbe president found much matter of Importance to dispose j of upon his arrival in Washington! from Canton this morning He lust no time in notifying the offioisls he desired to consult of his return and tbe day was largely given up to private discussion Although it was ststed that no answer would be ready to the German note today, it appear ed that the president, after talking over the situation with Attorney General Grigga. Acting Secretary < Hill and Assistant Secretary Adee, bad arrived at a conclusion as to the nature of the response that should be msde Mr Adee spent the afteruoon consulting Acting Secretsry Hill snd in drsfting the note of response, but sll information as to its nature was refused at the state department It was ssid tbst tbe note is to be gone over carefully st a further meeting between tbe president and such of his advisers aa are in the city The German government apparently is anxious fur a speedy snswer, ss Bsron Sternberg paid two visits to tbe stste depsrtment after the German note was delivered Tbe Chinese minister slso was twice st the state depsrtment today seeking to influence the government not to agree to the joint action suggested in the Germsn uole The conclusion resched from the dsy's developments is that the powers sre dividing ss to China and that at present Germany and Great Britsin stand in alignment against France and Russia, while both sides are ardently seeking tbe adherence of tbe United State? government The issue appears to be made up in such shape as to dismiss further hope of attaining that harmony of action respecting China that the president has been seeking so far, snd the point has been reached where tbe United States must take sides or st once proceed to act entirely independent of the powers in reaching a settlement. The Chi nrse government is urging the latter course upon tbe state department, but thus far there has been a restrain ing force in the desire to avoid mak ing the United States the first of the powers to break the solid front that hss been maintained up to the pres ent time in dealing with China Waehirgton, Sept 19. ? An import ?et ^'inference over the answer to the German note was held at the White lleu???* tonight. Trie parties to the conference were the president, Attorney General Gi'ggs, the only cshiiift officer in the Ott) ; Mr Hill, acting secretsry of stste ; Assistant Secretaty of Stste Adee, and (ten Corbin, who, by executive order, is acting secretary of war The presi? dent entertsined these gentlemen at dinner and tbe aubsequent conference lasted until 11 o'clock At its olose it and Fear not?Let all the Ends thou i ER. S. C. WEDNESI one of the participants said do final action had been taken. It ie understood, however, that the answer of this government, as now framed, is in effect a diplomatic re fueal to accede to the German propo? sal. -????aaav**+#***ewBBB*"Ba?? Conger Speaks. Pekiu. Sept. 12, via Tako, Sept. 16. via Shanghai. Sept. 18.?Mr. Conger, tbo Uoited States minister, says that Pekin must be oooupied by foreign troops uotil some settlement is effected, as otherwise all the value of the expedi? tion will be lost. Gen. Ghaffoe has issued orders pro? hibiting the American troops from shooting from boats, looting or foreg tog. Every facility is to be given to Cbioese who desira to reopen their shops, sod everything takeo must be paid for. ? ?? ?we?^sssr*??? Murdered Missionaries. Washington, Sept 20 ?The etate department has received the follow? ing telegram from the consul general at Shanghai, China: Shanghai, China, Sept 2G. Secretary of State, Washington : Killed to date : Rev and Mrs Sim cox, three children; Dr and Mrs Hodge; Dr Taylor; Rev Pitkins ; Misses Gould, Morrill, at Pao Ting Fu ; Misses Desmond. Manchester, at Ku Chau ; Misses Rice, Huston, at Lu Ching; Rev and Mrs Clapp ; Rev G L Williams, Rev Davis; Misses Bird; Partridge at Taiku; Rev and Mrs Atwater, four children ; Rev and Mrs Price, one child at Fen Chow Fu Have mailed report. Goodnow. Chinese Drowned by Rus? sians. London, Sept 21.?"Authentio ao ooonts have been reoeived here," says the Mossow oorrsspoodent of The Standard, "of a horrible massacre at Blagovsstoheosk, wbiob was undoubt? edly carried out uoder direct orders from the Russisn authorities aod whtoh then let loose the tide of slaughter throogh Amor. The entire Chinese population of 5,000 sools was escorted out of town to a spot five miles up the Amur and then, being led in batches of a few huodreds to the bsnks of the river bank, were ordered to oross the river to the Chi? nese side. No boats were provided aod th ) river is a mile wide. The Chinese were flung slive into the stream and were stabbed or shot at the least resist ease, while Russian volunteers who lined the bank olobbed or shot any ona who attonpted to laod Not one escaped alive The river bank for miles was strewn with oorpses. -????w ?<>W?^BSt? - Loot From Pekin. Sou Francisco, Sept 20 ?Revenue officers have brought down from the Mare Island navy yard on a govern* ment tug 154 cases of rare oriental goods which bad been brought into thie country on the hospital ship Solaco The articles seized would net a small fortune The duty is nearly 60 per cent On this account roost of the stuff?which includes1 loot from Tien Tsin?probably will be abandoned to the government The cases of silks and curios are addressed to persons all over the United States Hubbard'8 Cotton Letter. New York, Sept 21?A sharp advanoe in Liverpool this morning came as a surprise to the trade, who looked for weaker markets abroad in answer to the pressure to sell for southern account on the basis of present values. Southern markets were all lower last evening, which caused Liverpool to open at a decline which was quickly recovered on the reports of injury to the crop in northern Texas from heavy rains. Our market opened steadily at 10 to 12 points advance and became easier on the movement at the interior towns and rallied quickly by noon on the covering of the local interest The movement of the crop and the buying power in the southern markets will be the test to the situation for some time to come The local tern per is in favor of buying cotton on all weak moments on the belief that if the larger markets accumulate a slock the pressure in the south to sell will be relieved by the tendency to accumulate cotton to fill these exhausted supplies The local trade are not disposed to consider that the movement is indicative of anything I ruoro than the desire of planters to obtain present prices for their cotton Hobbard Bros Sc Co Charleston. Sept 20.?John Calla han, aged 18 years, whilo pretending that ho was a burglar, was shot and instantly killed early last night by John Tiedman, his playmate The shootiog was done with a parlor rifle and in the office of J D. W. Claussen 156 East Bay. Lims't at, be thy Country's, thy God'sJ ?AY. SEPTEMBER 2< RUSSIANS BUTCHER PEACEFUL CHINESE. Cossacks Depopulate Great Territory. New York, Sept 21 ?Concerning the massacre of 5,000 Chinese at Blagovestohensk by Russians, The Evening Post contains sn account from G. Frederick Wright, one of the i faculty of Oberlin, 0 , college, who was erroneously reported killed at Pekin. The letter is written from Stretensk, Siberia, under date of Aug 6 As soon as the Russian troops went down the river on transports, July 14, the fort at Aygun began without warning to fire upon passing steamboats, and on the 15th firo was opened upon Blsgovestchensk and some Russian villagers were burned opposite the fort The actual injury inflicted by the Chinese was slight, but the terror caused by it was indescribable, and it drove the Cos? sacks into a frenzy of rage. The peaceable Chinese to the number of 4,000 in the city were expelled in great haste, and being forced upon rafts entirely insdequate, were most of them drowned in attempting to cross the river The stream was fairly black with their bodies Three days after hundreds of the corpses were counted in the water. Mr Wright flays : "In our ride through the country to reach the city on Thursday, the 20th, we saw as many as 30 villages and hamlets of the Chinese in flames One of them was a city of 8,000 or 10,000 inhabi? tants. We estimate that we saw the dwellings of 20,000 peacable Chinese in flames that awful day, while parties of Cossacks were scouring the fields to find Chinese and shoot ing them down at sight. What be? came of the women and children no one knew ; there was apparently no way for them to escspe to a place of safety. On our way up the river for 500 miles sbove the city every Chi? nese hamlet was a charred mass of ruins. The large village of Motcha was still smoking and we were told that 4,000 Chinese had been killed. The wholesale destruction, both of property and of life, was thought to be a military necessity Peace be? tween the Russians and Chinese has come to an end. Years cannot wipe out the enmity engendered 99 Great Electrical Combine. New York, Sept 20 ?In its forth coming issue The Eleotrioal Review will editorally Bay : There have been numerous reports of late ooooerniog the probable amal? gamation of all the telephone aod tele? graph companies of the Uoited State?. The Eleotrioal Review was reoeotly in? formed that rapid progress was being made in this direotion by the fioaooial interests controlling the four leading companies These are the American Telephone aud Telegraph oompany, which now iooludes the Amerioao Bell Telephooe company, the Telepbooe, Telegraph and Cable Company of Amerioa, the Western Union Telegraph oompany aod the Postal Telegraph aud Cable oompany It is predioted by those in position to know that the?e interests will be con? solidated into ono big company to bo known a? the National Telephone aod Telegraph oompany, and that euob consolidation will be accomplished be? fore the end of the present year The Howard Trial. Frankfort, Ky., Sept. 18?The prosecution concluded its direct testi? mony in tho oaso of James II. ward this afternoon. Ben Rake, a stable boy, corroborated Bowman Gaines as to seeiog Howard run out from the roar of the State bouse grounds short? ly after the shooting. W. H. Colton, one of tho a god conspirators, went over bis foi >er testimony, whioh indirectly affec i Howard. He claimed that Hcwa exhibited cartridges to him aod aib pointed significantly to a broken pal? ing of the feoco Colton said he asked Howard what be meant by this, and the latter told him to "not ask bo many fool questions." During tho examination of witnesses this afterneoo Col. T. C Campbell oalled on tho court for protection from "the insultiog insinuations" hr he termed a reference made to him by Maj, Owens of tho defense Tho court impobC'i a fine of A5 againot Maj Owens. Tho defendants will tako the stand as tho Brnt witoeaa in his own behalf He olaims sn alibi und tho attorneys for the defense say th"v will bring over? whelming proof that Howard was stand? ing in front of the board of trade DOtel two ??quarca from the loeco of the tragedy when the shooting occurred -1-????? ? Toxarkana. Ark.. Sept. |U ?Tho plant of the Union CumpreM company was bumed today with 2.000 hales of oottoo. Loia $150,000. andsTruth's." THE Q, 1900. Se BRYAN ACCExpTS. Outline of His Letter to Chair? man Richardson. Liooolo, Neb, Sept 15 ?Hon James D. Richardson, obairmaB, and others of the notification committee of the Democratic National Convention. 'Gentlemen : In aooepting the nom? ination tendered by yon on behalf of the democratic party, I beg to assure you of my appreciation of the great honor conferred upon me by the dele? gates in convention assembled, and by the voters who gave instructions to the delegates. "I am sensible of the responsibilities whiob rest upon the ohief magistrate of so great a nation, and realize the far reaehing effect of toe questions involved in the present oontest. ' In my letter of acceptance of 1896 I made the following pledge : " 'So deeply am I impressed with the magnitude of the power vested by the o nstitution to the chief executive of the nation and with the enormous influence which be oan wield for the benefit or injury of the people, that I wish to enter the office, if eleoted, free from any personal desire except the desire to prove worthy of the confidence of my countrymen. Human judgment is fallible enough when unbiased by human considerations, and, in order that I may not be tempted to use the patronage of tho office to advance any personal ambition, I hereby announce, with ail the emphasis which words oan express, my fixed determination not, under any circumstances, to be a can? didate for reelection, in case this cam? paign result" in my eleotion ' Farther reflection and observation constrain me to renew this pledge. 'The platform adopted at Kansas City commands my cordial and un? qualified approval. It courageously meets the issues now before the ooon try, and states clearly and without ambiguity tho party's position on every question ooneidered. Adopted by a convention wbioh assembled on the anniversary of the signing of the declaration of independence, it breathes the spirit of candor, indepeodeooe and patriotism whiob characterizes those who, at Philadelphia in 1776, pro? mulgated the oreed of the republio "Having io my notification speech discussed somewhat at length tbo paramount issue, imperialism, and added some observations on militarism and the Boer war, it is sufficient at this time to review the remaining planks of the platform.'1 Mr Bryan then takes up the trust qaestion and deals with it at length Then follows corporations in politics and the interstate commerce law Taking up tbo financial question he deals with it at considerable length, pointing out the inconsistencies of the Republicans on this issue. He in dorses the demand for the eleotion of senators by the people and direct leg? islation. Taking up the labor question he defines his position on this great prob? lem in a clear and ooocise manner He is opposed to the blacklist, and favors arbitration between corporations and their employes. He also favors the establishment of the department of labor and the exclusion of the Chinese. While he favors a liberal policy to ward the old soldiers and sailors, Mr Bryan suggests that reforms are neces? sary io the administration of tin pension bureau. Following this, Mr Bryan touches upon the Nioarauga canal, Monroe dootrice and other issues of importaice, clearly defining the attitude of the Demooratio party on all the great issues of the day. End of Boer War. London, Sept 20 ?Lord Roberts oableB from Nelepruit. on the Pre toria Delagoa Bay railroad, not far from Komati Poort, the frontier station, under date of Wednesday, Sept 19, as follows : "Of the three thousand Boers who retreated from Komati Poort before the British advance seven hundred have entered Portuguese territory, others have deserted in various directions, and the balance are re orted to have crossed the Komati river, and to be occupying spurs of the Lobombo mountain, south of the railway A general tumult seerae to have oc? curred when they recognized the hopelessness of their cause. Their Long Toms und field guns have been destroyed and nothing is left of the Boer army but a few marauders. Wheat Frizes. The V irg inis-Csrolina Chcmioil Conpaoy i* endeavoring to get ths farmers to raise wheat t>y offering prizo. to the raisers of the he?t crop Three priise are to hr given, the fu*t to be a reaper and hinder, tho second a drill, and Ida third two tons of standard nmmoinated fertiliser Tho soatest is to bo for the best yield on twenty seres, or ten acres,or five acres- Prof. J. 8 Newman, of Clcmsoo College, will have oharge of the contest, and is now formulating tho plant TR?B SOUTH KON. KatablUhed Jon? 13C6 w Series?Vol. XX. No. 9 Cotton Bears in Control. RAPID DECLINE ON NEW YORK MARKET. New York, Sept 20 ?Tbe cotton market was excited pretty much ail through today's session, with prices tumbling aroond at much the eame sensational rate as during tbe great bull movement of some two weeks ago. Only today's fluctuations were in the nature of a collapse in all months Speculation swept through the market in waves and consisted for the moet pert of liquidation by holders who had held through tbe late declinee Weak cables, weak? ness in Wall street, heavy receipts in tbe south, weak southern spot mar? kets, foreign selling pressure and an almost total absence of speculative support of any description were the factors which created havoc in bull circles and prompted the bears to invade their opponents' territory Tbe opening was irregular at a lose of 15 to 24 points. After a fall of 10 to 12 points tbe market once more plunged downward under terrific selling from all quarters , Predic? tions for still heavier receipts and rumors tbst southern markets were on the verge of a heavy slump added to tbe woes of luckless bolders and increased to the jubilation of the shorts, who were merciless in their raids Toe close was barely steady at about the lowest figures of the day, a net decline of 25 to 29 points. The day's transactions were conser? vatively estimated at 850,000 bales. Tillman in Milwaukee. Milwanke, Wis, Sept 20 ?United States Senator Benjamin R Tillmat addressed a Democratic gathering of 1,500 persons at the Sooth Side Turner Hall tonight, confining his remarks chiefly to imperialism He was frequently applauded. "One burning question,'1 he said, "is to determine whether or not you will retain a republic to live under or wbteher yoo will set up a military depotism " The Porto Rican tariff law he characterized ae "a damnable act. for which you will riee up and call the Repcblicans to account " These people, he said, were pro? mised that they would receive all the rights and guarantees that the Con? stitution calls for, but the Rapublicau party has from the start denied them their rights. He dwelt at length on the Philip? pines and ridiculed the statement of Republicans that the war was over in those islands, and stated that in the face of such reports messages were being sent to Washington almost daily containing news of the killing of many of our eoldlers He quoted Admiral Dewey to the effect that the Filipinos were better able to govern themselves than the Cubans, yet the Cubane were given their liberty and the Filipinos remain slaves He urged bis hearers to arise above party and vote for principle and liberty ; that they were to decide whether tbe Conetitotion and tbe flag go together Taking np the argument of "the full dinner pail," tbe speaker told his listeners to tell the Republicans that "slaves heretofore had foil din? ner pails " Senator Tiilman closed by invitiLg the audience to vole for Bryan, and predicting defeat of the Republican party in November. ???Mr^aaa* ?*?- -???? ;>OKS IT PAY TO BUY CHEAP T A cheap remedy far cough* and cold.- i?. iL right, but you want something that will re? lieve and cure the morn sevoro aod dangerous results ef throat and lang trouble* What shall you do ? (Jo to a warmer rod u:or< regu? lar climate ? Yes, if possible ; if not possible for you, then in either cafe laVm the on'y rem edy that has '-etn introduced in ill civilize-! countries with success, in sovoro throat and lung troubles, "Baschee'i German S>rup." Ii not only beaU and stimulates tho ti?>ues t i destroy the germ diseases, but allays inflm-j maticn, causes easy espectorat ior, gives n g >od night's rest, and eure? the patient. Try one bottle. Recommended many jeara by all drug? gists in the world. For sale by A J Chi?u. B - ?? ???? -mmmmmmm????. Sound Advice. London, Sept 21 ?The Spectator, commenting upon tho co'.ton prices, says : ?'With all tb.3 talk of oevaers, there eecrua no doub: whatever that the cauee is quite real?a d(G?irnoy in th? supply of rav? material.3' The Spectator exprei-pcd the opinion that, tbo Lancashire trade ha* been ?'rather ca?i!y deceived" and urpes it to "take ificctoal *tcpa io tho fu'urc to ascertain eariy and aceuraiely the true character of the ontoo crop in the I'oited States.*' Two Kodak thud* were oaugbt io Gelvestoo taking soap shots at tbo node bodies of female victims of tbe storm, wheo the diaeofers took soap shots at them and killed both of them.