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SETTLEMENT OF THE
Cadet Thornwell Reinstated-The
Sophomore Class Allowed to
Anderson, May IO.- The investiga?
tion of the rceent trouble in the col?
lege has been concluded and the
trustees have adjourned rg and one
nome. The net rsults of the investi?
gation are these: Cadet Thornwell
has been reinstated. The sophomore
- class will be allowed to return and
resume their studies on the condtion
t&at they will be ready to stand their
examination in September for entrance
to the junior class. The charges which
were preferred by the committee of
students against President Hartzog
were withdrawn. President Hartzog
has tendered his resingation, to take
.affect at the pleasure of the trustees.
The resignation will not be considered
or acted on until the renglar "meeting
of the board in June, at commence
jnent. President Hartzog's resignation
"was placed in the hands of the board
-several days ago. He said he tendered
it^so the trustees might not feel any
embarrassment or hesitancy on his ac?
count in making the most rigid and
When the trustees met this morning
Cadet Claude Douthit, chairman of
the student committee which preferred
the charges against the president 'sub?
mitted the following signed statement :
Whereas, the students of Clemson
College have preferred charges against
President Hartzog, and these charges
have developed sufficiently to show to
the board of trustees that there, is a
widespread dissatisfaction against
President Hartzog on the part of the
students, we aie, therefore, willing to
leave the rurther. investigation of this
satter in the hands of the trustees.
Pending this investigation we will not
press our charges.
Sign?e: Claude Douthit, M. E.
Zeigler, T. J. Robertson, ?Tr., S.
M. Ward, Jr, David Kohn, E. B.
Boyki?, W. E. G. Black, B. H.
Gardner, Newton D. Walker.
"Do I understand,*' asked Senator
Tillman, "that the committee proposes
tb drop these charges and leave this
whole matter now to the trustees,
willing to accept and abide by our
Cadet Douthit said that was the
"Then," said Senator Tillman,
"there is nothing for the board to do
hct to go into executive session and
ake up its decision regarding youngm
Thornwell and the sophomores, that is,
unless President Hartzog wants to
go on with the investigation of the
charges. What do yon say, Mr. Hart?
President Hartzog replied that he
seas ready and willing now, as he had
?3?en all along, to go into a full and
complete investigation as to his con?
duct and administration of the Col?
lege. "The comm!tee have withdrawn
their charges on their own volition,
sot in any way at my suggestion or
request," he said, "and it is no com?
promise on my part. I am willing to
go on with an open investigation, or I
am willing to leave it all in the hands
cf the trustees. I believe they will
do justice and that is a>.l I * want.
The matter rests entirely with them"
"I would like to say,' said Cadet
Douthit, "that our committee has
?taken this step only after mature con?
sideration and with the good of Clem?
son College the sole purpose in view.
* * Then, ' ' said Senator Tillman, ''1
move that the board now go into ex
' -This was carried and the board re?
tired. They were in session over two
hours. Finally, when it was stated
c/"fiiat the trustees were ready to an?
nounce their decision, the faculty
and students reassembled in the
chapel. The decisions were read by
Senator Tillman. He read them in a
very impressive manner. The stu?
dents cheered roundly the decisions in
regard to Cadet Thornwell and to the
sophomore class, but there was no
disorder or unseemly demonstration.
The decisions are as follows :
"The board, after a most searching
investigation into the causes which led
to the suspension of Cadet Thornwell,
?nd the action of the faculty in refus?
ing the petition of the class for rein?
statement, find as follows: First, that
the offence was not of such magnitude
and seriousenss as to warrant the sen?
tence imposed, and that the punish?
ment was entirely disproportionate to
tibe seriousness of the offence. The
evidence shows that the faculty was
never in possession of all the facts in
tho case, and while there was some
grounds for its action, we feel that
the trial was not conducted with that
seriousness and thoroughness which
should obtain in any case which
involves the character and good name
-of a cadet. The meagreness of the
minutes, and inability of the faculty
to present to the board, in written
form, a record of the proceedings, is
censurable, and we shall expect it
never to occur again. We can under?
stand how there might be a difference
of opinion, as appears to have existed
ia the faculty, on account of the in?
complete evidence before it. The
faculty divided evidently on the ques?
tion of intent. On the one hand,
there was a belief that the students
understood their obligation in regard
to this propertv. On the other, the
contention of the cadets, tha's custom
had led them to believe they had the
right to take these tubes, influenced
the judgment of some membe rs of the
faculty to the extent that the vote for
suspension was fifteen, while those
-who voted against such punishment
were thirteen, and the error was in
Mot giving the benefit of the doubt to
the boy. It is also an extenuating
circumstance as to the severity of
punishment that at the last meeting
of the board it laid great stress, by
resolution, upon the lax discipline
sad somewhat loose way in which the
College was being run, and ordered a
strenuous effort to remedy it The ae?
on of the faculty upon the first se
oiis case that had come before it was
ibly the result of its desire to
ply with the expressed demands of
board. It is therefore ordered
t Cadet Thornwell be reinstated to
rights and privileges as a cadet in
e action of the sopliomore class
ving the College, without ex
ng all remedies and m iking an?
the board for a redress of
is one of great serious
coUege can be -successfully j
! run at which discipline is not strictly
! maintained, least of all an institution
j with such a large number of students
j as we have here, and situated as
! Clemson Colige is, in the country. It
is the purpose and intention of the
j board to require from any student
who may avail himself of the oppor
I trinities"that we offer here implicit
I obedience' to all authority. Any com?
binations having ::or their object the
! destruction of discipline and subversion
j of good order will be punished to the
? extent of our power. Understand, we
? want it distinctly understood that the
idea which seems to prevail to some
extent among the cadets, that they
have the right "to assemble in mass
meeting or clas& meeting and legis?
late on.College affairs, cannot be too
strongly condemned. The faculty is
clothed" with authority to govern the
College under rules and regulations
which are accessible to the students,
and there is no excuse for the claim of
ignorance of theright of appeal to the
trustees in any case involving their
rights. This board has on several _ oc
! casions previously shown its ^ willing
! ness and purpose to give a patient
hearing to the studeents and to re-1
dress grievances. "We want to stress, j
[ with all due.solemnity, the feeling of
j the trustees,* that rather than submit
to mob law taking control of Clemson
and having^ the students attempt to
coerce the faculty, or to resist the Col?
lege authorities, we will lay it down
as a general principle of the College
government here that we will in fu?
ture, if necessary, dismiss the entire
student body and begin anew before
we will tolerate the continuance of
any such spirit, lin the case before us/
it is the first that has come before the
board in the history of the College,
we , find that the sophomores did not
appeal to the trustees, which they
should have done, but they left the
College without that 'due considera?
tion which they should have given
such a serious step. It may be stated
in extenuation of their offence that
their sense of justice had been out?
raged and their hot and impulsive
young blood had led them to resort to
this revoluionary action because they
were sensible of the wrong done their
classmate and unwilling to subject
themselves to similar treatment. "We
sympathise with the chivalrous feel?
ing which led them to do this. We
have sons of our c wn, some of us, and
were boys ourselves once. Therefore
we are ready to make due allowances
for this blunder of youth, and pemrit
such of the class as desire to do so to
resume their studies immediately or at
the beginning of j(the next session as
they may elect. Such students as avail
themselves of this privilege will be
recieved in the College upon the fol?
lowing conditions: First. They must
present a petition to the president of
the College asking reinstatment.
Second. They most make good, by
extia labor, the t ime lost and the work
that is reqiured in the course, and
examinations which are customary
must be passed as though nothing had
occurred. In view, however, of the
time already lost and of the nearness
of the end of this term, such examina?
tions will not be required until the
opening of the nest session."
It was nearly 1 o'clock when Sena?
tor Tillman finished reading and, as
all the trustees ware in a hurry to get
away to catch a train to Greenville a
motion to adjourn was quickly put
and carried. There was no speech
making, nothing but the simple read?
ing of the board's, decision. In a few
minutes the trustees had all left the
College grounds and. the show was
The members of the sophomore class,
who came here to attend the investiga?
tion, have decided to accept the terms
laid down by the trusees and will re?
main until the end of the session Not
only are they doing'this, but they are
telegraphing to their classmates to
- mm ? ?aw
Peace in South Africa.
Lisbon. May 10.-A dispatch receiv?
ed here from Delagoa Bay, Portuguese
East Africa, says that peace in South
Africa is certain to result from t he
conference of the Boer leaders to be
held at Vereeniging, Transvaal, May
15. It is said, the dispatch contin?
ues, that peace will be officially pro?
claimed on- May 20. Preparations are
afoot for general rejoicings.
Fatal Drunken Quarrel Near
Special to The State.
Kingstree, May 12.-Hillary Hollo
man was shot this evening about four
miles from town on his way to Greeley -
ville. The bail entered his left side,
ranged upwards, touching his heart
and death resultad immediately. Hol?
loman and his brother-in-law," Brown,
had been to Kingstree and had a good
supply of liquor-and a dead man re
suited. Brown says Holloman had
shot the pistol, was breaching it and
accidentally shot himself. A negro
woman says they were quarreling in
the wagon, Holloman had Brown
down and was beating him when
Brown shot him. Brown left the dead
man in the road, drove eight miles to
Greeleyville and then returned.
The coroner's inquest was held and
decided that Hillary Holloman came
this death from a smnshot wound at
the hands of H. H. Brown. Brown
was arrested and is in the county jail.
Holloman was a watchman for the
Mallard Lumber Company at Greeley?
Paris, May 1*2.- King Edward has
sent 25,000 francs as his contribution
to the fund being raised for the relief
of the sufferers from the Martinique
disaster. The Czar has telegraphed to
President Loubtt expressing the sin?
cere sympathy of himself and the
Czarina, who share with France the
sorrow caused by the terrible West
Washington, May 12.-The Senate
committee on Philippines today
decided to call asa witness before that
committee Miss. Clemencia Lopez, a
sister of Sixto Lopez. Senators Lodg.e
Hale and Burrows voted with the Dem?
ocratic members to ask her attendance.
Th9 committee also discsused the prob?
abilities as to securing a vote on the
Philippine Government bill and the
Dmeocratic rmxembers all gave assur?
ance that they had no desire to prolong
the debate beyond legitimate bounds.
The opinion was generally expressed
that the vote could be taken by the
middle of next week.
THE MARTINIQUE HORROR.
More Than Thirty Thousand Killed
-American and British Con?
suls and Families Perish.
Fort de France, Island of Martini?
que, May LL-Advices received here
today from the vicinity of St. Pierre
(ten'miles from here), contain further
details of the terrible volcanic upheav?
al which resutled in the utter destruc?
tion of that town and the death of
nearly all its inhabitants.
The crater of Mont Pelee has been
wearing its "smoke cap" since May 3,
but there was nothing until last
Monday to indicate that there was the
slightest danger. On that day a
stream of boiling lava burst through
the top of the crater and plunged into
the valley of the Elver Blance, over?
whelming the Guerin sugar works, and
killing 23 working people and the son
of the proprietor.
A commission was appointed by the
governor to investigate the outbreak
and it returned a reassuring reportr'on
Wednesday evening. But about 8
o'clock on Thursday morning a shower
of fire rushed upon St. Pierre and the
; coast from Le Carbet, which had a
population of 8,000, to Le Pr?cheur,
which had a population of 4,000, burn?
ing up everything in its path.
The heat in the vicinity of St.
Pierre was so intense and the stream
of flowing lava was so unremitting
that it was impossible to approach the
town during the early part of the day.
i As evening approached the French
cruiser Suchet, after a heroic battle
! with the heat, suffocation and sulphur
i fumes, succeeded in taking a dash to?
ward the shore, nearing the land
enough for her to take off the sur?
vivors of the disaster, half of whom
were horribly burned and mutilated.
St. Pierre at that time was an abso?
lute smoking waste, concealing 30,000
corpses, whose rapid decomposition
necessitated in some cases instantly
completing their cremation, which was
only partially accomplished by the
The inhabitants of Fort de France
were panic stricken the morning of the
disaster when the sky suddenly black?
ened, until it was as dark as at mid?
night. The sea shrank back 30 yards
and hot rain began to fall while
gravel, the size of walnuts, poured
down on the town This lasted about
The 450 survivors who were brought
here ysterday from the vicinity of St
Pierre by he French cable repair ship
Pouyer Gueattier came from the town
of Le Prechour where, surrounded by
flowing lava, they were nearly roasted
to death and expected momentarily to
The work of * relief is progressing
here on the most extensive scale possi?
ble, but in anticipation of disturb?
ances the treasury building and the
warehouses are guarded by troo?s.
The latest reports received here
showed that lava continues to pour
down the slopes of the mountain, slow?
ly engulfing the whole north side of
the island, while fresh crevasses are
DIRE NECESSITY NOW
REIGNS AT MARTINIQUE.
An American Consul Gives a De?
scription of the Awful Scenes
at St. Pierre.
Fort de France, Island of Martin?
ique, May 12.-It now seems to be
generally*admitted that about 30,000
persons lost their lives as a result of
the outbreak of the Mont Pelee vol?
cano, at St. Pierre, on Thursday last.
Careful investigation by competent
government officials show the earlier
reports of the Associated Press were
Briefly put, last Thursday morning
the city of St. Pierre disappeared
within five minutes in a whirlwind,
fire vomiting from Mont Pelee; 30,000
persons were instantly and horribly
killed and the volcano, whose crater
for more than 50 years had been occu?
pied by a quiet lake in which picnic
parties bathed, suddenly discharged a
torrent of fiery mud, which rolled to?
wards the sea, engulfing everything
before it. Then the last of cable com
muniction was broken, and the doom?
ed city was isolated from the world.
The repair ship Grappler was lost
with all on bord, as was the French
vessel Tamya. There were 18 or 20
vessels in the roadstead at the time of
the disaster. The British steamer
Roddam had anchored but Capt.
Freedmn, although horribly burned,
managed to keep on the bridge of his
vessel. Everybody on the Roddam's
deck was killed instantly, but with the
assistance of his third engineer and
fireman, who were wounded, the cap?
tain brought his vessel to St. Lucia.
Many persons tried to reach the Rod
dam, but in vain. The United States
vice consul at St. Pierre, Amadee Tes?
tart, . reached the deck of the Roddam
only to fall back in the sea dead.
Three hours exploration of the ruins
of St. Pierre resulted in the finding
of no trace of the American consulate.
Consul Thomas T. Prentiss, his wife
and two daughters, are undoubtedly
dead. That quarter of the city is still
a vast mass of blazing ruins. Nor has
any trace been found of James Ja pp,
the British consul. Mr. Japp had a
large family at St. Pierre.
CONSUL AYMES' STOR?.
The American consul at Guadeloupe,
Louis H. Ayme, has reached the deso?
late spot where St. Pierre stood and
confirms the awful story in all its es?
Thirty thousand corpses are strewn
about, buried in the ruins of St.
Pierre, or else floating, gnawed by
sharks, in the surrounding seas.
The whole north end of the island
was covered with a silver gray coating
of ashes resembling dirty snow.
Furious blasts of fire, ashes and mud
swept over the steamer but finally St.
Perre was reached.
The city of St. Pierre stretched near?
ly two miles along the water front and
half a mile back to a cliff at the base
of the volcano. The houses of the
richer French families were built of
The still smoking volcano cowered
above the ash-covered hills. The
ruins were burning in many places
and frightful odors of burned "flesh fill?
ed the air.
With great dfficulty a landing was
effected. Not one house was left
intact. Viscid heaps of mud, of
brighter ashes or piles of volcano
stones, were seen on every side The
streets could hardly be traced. Here
and there amid the ruins were heaps of
corpses. Almost all the faces were
In one corner 22 bodies of men,
women and children were mingled in
one awful mass, arms and legs protrud?
ing as the hapless beings fell in the
last struggles of death's agony.
Through the middle of the old Place
Berlin ran a tiny stream, the remains
of the river Gayave. Great trees, with
roots upward and scorched by fire,
were strewn in every direction. Huge
blocks and still hot stones were scat?
tered about. From under one large
stone the arm of a white woman pro?
truded. Most notable was the utter
silence and the awful, overpowering
stench from the thousands of dead.
DEATH FROM SUFFOCATION.
Careful inspection showed that the
fiery stream which so completely de?
stroyed St. Pierre must have been
composed of poisonous gases, which
instantly suffocated every one who in?
haled them, and of other gases burn-,
ing furiously, for nearly all the vic?
tims bad their hands covering their
mouths or were in some other attitude,
showing that they had sought relief
from suffoction. All the bodies are
carbonized or roasted.
GOVERNOR OF MARTINIQUE RE?
PORTED TO HAVE SURVIVED.
Washington, May 12.-Secretary
Hay has received the following' cable?
gram, dated May ll, from Consul
Ayme, at Guadeloupe, who went to
Fort de France, Martinique, by in?
structions from this government :
" The disaster is complete. The city
Consul Prentiss and his family are
dead. Governor says 30,000 have per?
ished, 50,000 are homeless and hun?
gry. He suggests that the Red Cross
be asked to send codfish, flour, beans,
rice, salt meats and biscnts as quick?
ly as possible. Visits of war vessels
An important feature of Consul
Ayme's cablegram is the reference by
him to the governor as an authority
for the estimate of the loss of life.
Preceding dispatches, including the
official messages received at the French
colonial office in Paris, reported that
there was no doubt that Gov. Mouttet,
as well as Col. Dain, the' military
commander at St. Pierre, had perish?
OUR GOVERNMENT'S ACTION.
Washington, May 12.-The presi?
dent himself turned his attention to?
day to the extension of relief to the
sufferers from the terrible catastrophe
in the Lesser Antilles. To this end he
called in Secretary Hay. That official
had with him the dispatch from
United States Consul Ayme which
served as official confirmation of the
worst reports of the extent of the dis?
aster, and, in the opinion of the pres?
ident, fully justified emergency meas?
ures. So Secretary Hay was request?
ed to acquaint Secretary Root and
Secretary Moody with the president's
wishes and they were charegd to carry
out the details of the arrangements.
The treasury department also was in?
structed to cooperate.
The war department was placed in
charge of the supply work, and the
navy department was asked for a ship.
Secretary Moody immediately tele?
graphed orders to Capt. Berry, the
commander of the Dixie, now at New
York, to take on the army supplies
and sail at the earliest possible
moment for Martinique. The naviga?
tion bureau officers estimated that she
can be gotten under way by Wednesday
evening. The scier tifie departments
will avail of the opportunity to send
on the Dixie as passengers or observ?
ers, two professors from the geological
survey, while a Harvard volcano spe?
cialist also will be given passage.
The U. S. S. Buffalo, also a con?
verted merchant freighter, will be used
as a relief ship if the Dixie does not
HELP FOB VOLCANO'S VICTIMS.
Congress Appropriates $200,000
for Relief of Destitute.
Washington, May 12.-The house to?
day passed by an overwhelming vote a
bill granting $200,000 for the relief of
the sufferers in the great calamity in
the West Indies. The bill was a sub?
stitute to the relief measure passed by
the senate, which carried $100,000, the
increase having followed the receipt
of a message from the president setting
forth the magnitude of the calamity
and urging an appropriation of $500,
000. A special meeting of the appro?
priation committee was held to facil?
itate action on the bill and it was re?
ported to the house within a short
time after the receipt of the presi?
dent's message. In presenting the
measure, Mr. Hemenway, the acting
chairman of the appropriation com?
mittee, explained that the amount
was limited to $200,000, owing to the
fact that large private contributions
were being made The discussion was
brief. Mr. Underwood of Alabama
being the only one to speak in opposi?
tion, and by a vote of"129 to 9 the bill
Mr. Underwood stated that he was
opposed to the measure and would vote
against it. Members were not here,
he said, to legislate on the impulse of
Mr. McRae of Arkansas made an
appeal for prompt and unanimous
action in the interest of humanity,
and Mr. Livingston of Georgia added
the hope the country would not turn
back upon its record for succoring
those in distress without reference to
nationality or locality.
Those voting in the negative were
Messrs. Burgess of Texas, Clayton of
Alabama, Gaines of Tennessee, Lan?
ham of Texas, Moon of Tennessee,
Snodgrass of Tennessee, Tate of Geor?
gia, Underwood of Alabama and Wil?
liams of Mississippi.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. "
"?The president today sent the follow?
ing message to congress :
To the Senate and House of Represen?
One of the greatest calamities in
history has fallen upon our neighbor?
ing island of Martinique. The consul
of the United States at Guadeloupe
has telegrahed from Fort de France,
under date of yesterday, that the dis?
aster is complete ; that the city of St.
Pierre has ceased to exist, and that
the American consul and his family
have perished. He is informed that
30,000 people have lost their lives, and
that 50,000 are homeless and hungry;
that there is urgent need of all kinds
of provisions, and the visit of vessels
for the work of supply and rescue is
The government of France, while
expressing their thanks for the marks
of sympathy which have reached them
from America, informs us that Fort de
F rance and the entire island of Mar?
tinique are still threatened. They,
therefore, request that, for the pur?
pose of rescuing the people who are in
such deadly peril and threatened with
starvation, the government of the
United States may send as soon as
; possible the means of transporting
them from the stricken island. The
island of St. Vincent, and perhaps
others in that region, are also serious?
ly menaced by the calamity which has
taken so appalling a form in Mar?
I have directed the departments of
the treasury, of war and of the navy
to take such measures for the relief
of these stricken people as lies within
the executive discretion, and I earnest?
ly commend this case of unexampled
disaster to the generous consideration
of congress. For this purpose I rec?
ommend that an appropriation of
8500,000 be made, to be immediately
available. Theodore Roosevelt,
jg White House, Washington, May 12.
Incidental Fees Illegal.
2 Columbia, May 10.- The Supreme
Court has just rendered an important
and far reaching decision in school
matters. The Court has decided that
the free common schools have abso?
lutely no right to charge any incident?
al or special fee, and that they have
to be run entirely by the funds raised
by common taxes. This decision does
not in any way affect schools in spe?
cial districts, where special privileges
and rights have been grantee! by the
General Assembly and sustained by the
The decision clearly defines that it
applies only to common schools re?
ceiving their support from general
taxation. The decision was written
by Associate Justice Pope.
McLaurin Won't Get Federal
Special to The State.
Washington, May 12.- Senator Mc
Laurin will not land a seat on the
bench of the United States court of
claims as his friends here expected.
The president has decided to appoint
Representative Alexander of Buffalo to
fill the vacancy caused by the death
of Justice John Davis. A former gov?
ernor of West Virginia was among the
other candidates for the office.
2 Senator McLaurin's chance for the
plum were considered excellent and his
visit by request of the president to the
White House on Saturday started the
report that he was a certain winner.
Senator Platt of New York, a personal
friend of Alexander, has made a
strong fight for his candidate and it is
understood the president acceded to
his request because it involved some
New York politics.
Senator McLaurin's friends say he
has been promised something "just as
good," and that the president will
land him comfortably before his sena?
torial term expires.
A Santee River Boat Line.
Columbia, May 12.-The announce?
ment is made that arrangements have
been perfected whereby a line of steam?
boats will be established between Co?
lumbia and Georgetown, thereby giv?
ing Columbia the benefit of water
rates. This has been a dream for a
generation or longer, and four or five
years ago a steamboat company was
about organized, but the idea was
abandoned. The present project, it is
stated, bas considerable financial
backing and the arrangements have
gone so far as to have the boats that
will be used at the Georgetown end of
the line ready to make the trips as
soon as the ware houses are put up at
this end and the other arrangements
Mr. Wm. E. Fowler, of Baltimore,
is the moving spirit in the enterprise,
and he has arrived here to consult
with the business men, electric street
railway company and others relative
to the plan, and has found the greatest
encouragement. He did not expect to
find such a hearty welcome for the
proposed line, as so many business
people are lukewarm in many matters,
but in Columbia he found the busi?
ness interests generally ready to make
agreements to ship certain freights
over the Ocean-Congaree route, and in
addition to show their good-will by
taking stock in the enterprise.
Mr. T. D. Love, of Wilmington, N.
C., who is a practical and experienc?
ed manager and boat man, has gone
carefully over the entire route,, and
finds that at a small expense the river
can bo used by a steamer of small
draught, as has repeatedly been shown
by the Santee and other boats that
have come up the river.
The company will not be able to
bring its boats up to Columbia at
once, but just as soon as the work
that the Government is ^ doing
on the Congaree River dam is com?
pleted, the expectation is that the
boats can readily make their landings
about Gervais street, which will put
the company's ware nouses within the
city limits. For the present the com?
pany will effect landings about
Granby, some two or three miles below
the city, but the frieghts can readily
be handled from there, either by elec?
tric cars or drays.
Pensacola, Fla., May 12.-The exten?
sive planing mills, lumber sheds and
dry kilns of the Southern States
Lumber Company at Muscogee, Fla.,
with about six hundred thousand feet
lumber, were burned last night.
The Soath Carolina State DentalJAs
sociation will hold its thirty-second
annual Convention in Charleston, be?
ginning this afternoon, at i o'clock,
at the Charleston, Hotel, which hos?
telry will be the headquarters of the
visiting dentists during their stay.
After transacting the regular business
matters incident to the annual gather?
ing the visitors will give themselves
up to jollification and sight-seeing.
Thursday, May 15, has been set apart
as Dentists' Day at the Exposition.
News and Courier, May 13th.
THE CAMPAIGN CIRCUS.
Probability of the People Being
Pestered with Two Campaign
Columbia, May ll.-Unfortunately
it now begins to look as if the two
ring campaign circus idea is to pre?
vail. It is quito true that it is al?
most a necessity, if all the candi?
dates are to be given a hearing, but the
chief strength of the plan just now is
that it was advocated at Manning by
Senator Tillman. It is a humbug and
is going to be so denominated long
before the campaign closes, but it
looks very much as if it cannot be
avoided. One of the campaign sections
will include the candidates for United
States Senators and possibly some few
other candidates, and the second divis?
ion will include candidates for Gov?
ernor and perhaps the other candidates
for State offices. One of the aggrega?
tions will start at Orangeburg or some
other point below Columbia, and "the
other will begin its troubles in "the
up-country, and wander around the
State for three long and weary
months telling why they want office
and why some one else should not get
It may be interesting to some of the
candidates to know that there is far
more glory than money in- holding
State offices. The average State offi?
cer-especially the Governor-although
enjoying a pretty good salary, has "to
spend fully as much as his income,
and there have been precious few Gov?
ernors in recent years who have ever
saved a cent out of their salary.
It is said that in Georgia there is a
constitutional provision that requires
State officers, of all kinds, to live at
the Capital. Now that an entirely
new set of candidates are going io
run for the various offices that are to
be filled, and no possible reflection
can be meant upon any present officers,
or those of previous administrations,
every candidate for a State office
ought to be made to declare that he
would live in Columbia, the place of
his office and his work, during the en?
tire time of his office. It is high time
that some of the public officers of the
State, who are expected to be here to
attend to their work, do so, and nat?
urally, when their families are not in
Columbia, their inclinations and de?
sires are to be away from Columbia
just as much as possible, and they
likely stretch the ease ' with which
they leave their work here and min?
imize the importance of their remain?
ing here. It would therefore be well
for all-candidates in makitfg their cal?
culations to figure on establishing
their homes in Columbia during
their terms of office, and bj living
here and giving close attention to
their work they are likely to give
more satisfaction and to do themselves
and their State more justice as public
servants.-News and Courier.
Roseau, Island of Dominicia, B. W.
I., Sunday, May ll.-The Soufri?re
volcano on the island of St. Vicent
has been in full eruption since
Wednesday last. Several plantations
have been destroyed. Earthquakes
and loud reports accompanied the
eruption, and stones and ashes fell at
Many persons are wounded and the
bodies of 500 dead are unburied.
Barabos, 96 miles off, was in total
darkness for a time. Pebbles and
gritty substances have fallen there.
Canoes crowded with refugees' are
arriving at Domini ci a, and their oc?
cupants are most hospitably recceived.
Sunday morning. Jackson Sharpe, a ?
young man born and raised in Colum?
bia took morphine, after he had writ?
ten a ?eries of letters telling why he
did not want to live any longer. He
was found in a bad condition, but Drs.
Pope and Derrick managed to nullify
all of the last letters he had writteen,
and now Sharpe is glad that the doc?
tors knew their business.-Corres?
pondent News and Courier.
Port-Au-Prince, Hayti, May 12.-At
the meeting of Congress today, called
to elect a President of the Republic,
the minister of the interior formally
handed the resignation of President.
Sam to the House. The meeting had
hardly heard the words of the President
of the"House declaring that a President
of the Republic was to be elected,
when Deputy Jeannot declared that
Congress did not have the confidence
of the people. This was followed by
cries of "Vive la Revolution!" and
'Aux Armes!" and a scene of .great
disorder followed, during which Con?
gress was practically dissolved. Shoot?
ing in the streets began soon after?
Roanoke, Va., May 12.-A special
from Bristol says that, following the
killing of Jeff Robertson Saturday by
the Wright band of outlaws in Scott
county, Virginia, a trio of Lee County
men today shot John Templeton, one
of Wright's leaders, from ambush,
near Maness, Scott County, Virginia.
Templeton's body is believed to have
been consigned to the river by his
comrades. Sheriff Broadwater traced
the Wright gang to the river's edge by
a trail of blood and found en route two
guns and small bits of flesh and bone.
A Reids ville dispatch to the Char?
lotte Observer says that the Southern
railway is preparing to double-track
its line from Lynchburg to Charlotte.
This innovation in southern railroad?
ing is rendered expedient and even
necessarv by the heavy traffic on that
important section of the south's great?
est railroad. It will not be so very
long before double tracks ar?_ the rule
on all our great southern systems, > if
this section continues to advance in- >
dustriallv and commercially as it has
been doing of late. What strides the
railroads of the south have made in a
few vears! It seems only yesterday
that the old Richmond and Danville
with its unballasted single tracks and
incomplete equipment was the model
railroad in this territory. The Rich?
mond and Danville became the South?
ern and the Southern l?as become one ?
.f the great systems of the country
great in mileage, in the excellence of
its roadbed and the elegance of its
equipment. And now double tracks!
Then it will be only a short time be?
fore the Southern has a double track
from Washington'to Atlanta and S?-,/
vannah, and the other systems will
have to follow suit. The south's day
has passed the dawn.-State.