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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, May 27, 1903, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1903-05-27/ed-1/seq-6/

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State Syperistesidsni of Education
?nnognoes Appointments.
Hon. O. B. Martin, State superin
-4endsnt of education, has issued a
'/panaphlet giiving the complete list of
t&e faculty of the State summer school
?or teachers which will be held at
Bock Hill, June 23d to July 21st, in
Mr. Martin is himself.-the president
ef the summer school, and associated
with him is President D. B. Johnson
Following is the list of teachers who
?ill be engaged in the work at Rock
-Hill during the montfc of July.:
Pedagogy-Prof. P?tterson W?rdia w,
South Carolina college; Prof. J. W.
Thomson, Winthrop college.
. "History, and Cides-Supt. W. H.
Hand, Chester Graded schoo?l?
Supervision-^-Supt. Lawton B. Evans
o? Augusta, Ga., city schools and also
Of trie Ricfimond county public
* Latin-Prof. C. W. Bain, South
Carolina college.
; 0onstructive4;<Geography-Supt. E.
33. Hughes, Greenville city schools.
Grammar, Literatare and Library
"Work-Prof. J. P. Ktnard of Win?
throp college.
Rhetoric ,*and literature, Maj. St
James Cummings, South Carolina
^Military Academy.
rhisiographyr-Supt. T. C. Walton
of Anderson.
Algebra and Geometry-Prof. M. D.
JSarie of Furman University.
Eorticulture and Nature Study
J. C. Newman, Clemson col
1 Practical Problems in Education ' *
-Br. David E. Cloyd, Columbia
University and School of Visitors for
drecera! Education board.
Botany-Prof Haven Metcalf, Clem?
son college.
Arithmetic-Prof. J. A. Finger
Courtenay School, Charleston.
Tre&jfrifc Singing-Prof. Rath, Hollins
Beading and Elocution-Miss Edith
JSbyes, Emerson, College of Oratory,
Drawing-Miss Stella S. Skinner,
Normal Shool, New Pa?tz, N. Y.
Lectures on South Carolina History
-Mrs. C. E. Means, Spar&mburg.
Kindergarten Principles-Miss Min
3?? MeFeac, Wintthrop Collsge.
Manual Training-Miss Mamie F.
"Wickliffe, Teachers College, New
Observation and Practice? Work
3iissAnnieE. Bonham.
Drawing-Miss ' Emma T. Lucas,
lemminger Normal school, and Miss
B. Strait, Corcoran Art Gal
drawing assistants.
There will be speciallectures by Dr.
-Chas. D. Mciver, President Henry
IJOU?S Smith, Dr. G. R. Glenn, Miss
"Edith C. Noyes, Dr. H. N. Snyder,
J>z. G. S. Dickerman, Dr. P. H.
Mell, Dr. G. B. Cromer, Dr.
Sdgar Gr- Murphy, Gov. D. C. Rey?
nard andbthers.
The meeting * of county superiLtea
tients and ochers interested in educa?
tion and the education campaign will
he held during the first week of the
-:-;--- j
The legislature has appropriatd $1, - J t
i&Q, for normal scholarships at the j
South Carolina college. This money c
'will be available for the session begin- ?
sing nest September, and the trustees c
of the college are preparing letters \
-urging the teachers of the State to ^
take hold of this opportunity. There ?
?all be one scholarship for each, and j
?ach scholarship is worth $98. Nomi- (
?ally ?40 is approriated for each s
county, but the beneficiary will be re- g
aaitted his matricultaion fee of SIS and )
??8 tuition fee of $40. Thus the schol?
arship student will receive $5 a month
Jor eight months to assist him in his
?Sving expenses. Following "are the
Conditions upon which the scholar?
ships will be awarded : >
H Applicant must be 19 years of age ;
and must have had one year's experi- ]
?nee in teaching. This is to encourage <
yoong men to make teaching a prof es- j
sion. For while there are a great j
macy women teachers, the super?is- j
lon must of necessity fail upon men ?
?ad men should be qualified. j
Applications should be made to the <
-president of the college before July 1 j
ior application blanks upon which will
"be written the name, age and previous {
-experience and qualifications of the I
teacher who wants to be the benefici- \
arv of this scholarship arrangement. ]
This will be considered a preliminary
""The county boards of education are
-requested to conduct the formal ex- ,
amination on friday, July 10, when ?
fee -regula r South Carolina college and ?
Winthrop College entrance examina- .
f?eir? will be held. The branches upon ,
%hich applicants will be examined are
&g]ish grammar, history, geography, ?
arithmetic and elementry algebra.
There will be a standing committee
on scholarship appointed by the board !
and by the faculty, and this comm i t
iee will .'select from the applicants ex
ami ned. The incumbent may be re- ;
appointed after the first year if in the j
Judgment of the committee this
would be advisable.
The course of study so far arranged
ls for the first year only, there will
%e no second year classes until after
line next session. Grammar will be
taught by Dr. Joynes; composition
and literature by Dr. Wauchope ; oral
leading by Prof. Davis ; hitsory and
geography by Prof. Davis; arithme?
tic, algebra and geometry by Prof.
Wardlaw ; physics and physiography by
instructor Carson; nature study by
-&rof. Moore; pedagogy by Prof.
Wardlaw ; free hand drawing by Mr.
Carson. There will be 19 hours a week
JOT recitations.-The State.
3?ew York, May 21.-The jury in the
snit of Charles Broadway Rouss who
was suing the Charles Broadway Rouss
estate for $100,000, for maintenance
support, returned a verdict for
full amount today, with $5,766
interest- The boy in su*n? claimed to
dway Rouse.
The Aggregate for the 264 Days
of the Season is 338,000 Bales
Ahead of the Same Period
Last Year.
New Orleans. May 22.-Secretary
Hester's weekly cotton statement, is
sued today, shows for the twenty-two
days of May an increase over last year
of SI, OOO and an increase over the same
period year before last of 39,000.
For the 264 days of the season that
have elapsed the aggregate is ahead of
the same days last year 338, (XX), and
ahead of the same time year before
last of 694,000,
The amount brought into sight dur?
ing the past week has been 91,156,
against 46,627 for the same seven days
last year, and 67,955 year before last.
The movement since September 1
shows, receipts at all United States
ports t to be 7,556,141, against 7,353,
516 last year; overland across the Mis?
sissippi a, Ohio and Potomac rivers
to Northern mills and Canada, 1,039,
826, against 1,071,441 last year: in
terior stocks in excess of those held at
the close of the commercial year.
35,241, against 54,069 last year; South
ern mill takings 1,654,000, against
I, 468,575 last year.
The total movement since September
1 is 10,285,708, against* 9,947,601 last
year and ,9,691,921 year before last
Foreign exports for the week have
been 25,344, against 72,382 last year,
making the total thus far for the
season 6,397,555, against 6,142,868 last
The total takings of American mills,
North and South and Canada, tims
far for the season have been 3,691,005,
against 3,501,466 last year.
Stocks at the seaboard and the
twenty-nine leading Southern interior
centers have increased during the week
II, 170, against a decrease during the
corresponding period last sesaon of
Including stocks left over at in?
terior towns from the last crop and the
Dumber of bales brought into sight
thus far for the season, the supply to
3ate is 10,500,782, against 10,307,288
for the same period last year.
New Orleans, May 22.-Secretary
Seater's statement of the world's visi?
ble supply of cotton, issued today,
shows the total visible to be 2,846,965,
ig?inst 2,872,403 last week and 3,198,
t40 last year. Of this the total of
American cotton is 1,661,965, against
1,733,403 last week and 2,164,440 last
rear, and of all other kinds, including
Sgypt, Brazil, India, etc, 1,185,000,
tgainst 1,139,000 last week and 1,034,
XX) last year.
Of the world's visible supply of
cotton there is cow afloat and held in
jrreat Britain and Continental Europe
.,573,000, against 1,850,000 last year;
n Egypt 69,000, against 126,000 last
rear; rn India 710,000 against 554,000
ast year and in the United States
?24,000, against 668,000 last year.
Considered Almost Valueless, an
Expert Pays $50,000 for it.
Lodnon, May 16.-A curious romance
if a .fameras picture has just come to
For many y??rs a picture, entitled
'The Holy Family," hung, oh the
vails of the Bristol Young Men's As
oci?tion. The owner lent . it for a
ong time and ultimately proposed
hat the association buy it for what
ie termed a reasonable sum-850. But
he association thought it had more
mportant demands for its money and
ieclined to buy it. Lately the ov/n
>r died and the executors took charge
>f the picture and sent it to London
;o be sold. Judge of their surprise
vhen they got $50,000 for it from an
?xpert, who identified it as a famous
jictore from the brush of Pietro Da
Uortona, a great Italian painter of the
jeventeenth century. The expert con
?idered it cheap at the price.-New
fork Herald.
Norfolk, Va, May 22-The Seaboard
?Lir Line railway shops, minor offices
md warehouse on the outskirts of
Portsmouth, were practically destroy
?d by fire which broke out shortly
ifter 10 o'clock tonight At a late
lour tonight the blaze had not spent
itself, but the destruction of nearly
?very building and car at the yards was
ibout complete. As near as can be
?stimated at this time, the monetary,
Loss will foot up to 8750.000.
James Harrell, a machinist, who
?ought to save bis tools, was so badly
burned that he may die. No one else
was seriuosly hurt so far as can be
Victoria, B. C. May 20.-Alfred
Dunningham, manager of the Hong
Kong Daily Press* was a passenger on
the Kag a Maru which arrived last
night. He said in an interview that
while attention is being maintained
in Northern China by Russian aggres?
sion, a matter of far greater import?
ance to America, Great Britain and
Japan was overlooked in the south.
The report is that the aggression of
France is increasing in the Southern
provinces. He was of the opinion that
France and Russia were acting in
concert, the former in the north and
the latter in the south. He says
France has bribed the officials of
Kwang Si and is waiting the oppor?
tunity to poor troops into that pro?
vince. The south, said Mr. Cunning?
ham, is now on the verge of a far
greater crisis than that on the north,
although at present, the rebellion in
Kwnag Si is practically brigandage on
large scale. The rebellion in South
China he says is another factor.
There is no doubt but that the re?
formers have organized the brigands
and rebellion which will be far greater
than the Taiping rebellion ever was
will break ont before long in South
E. W. Thomas has been appointed
the general manager of the Whaley
mills, or more properly speaking the
Olympia and Richland milis iu 'Co?
lumbia. Mr. Themas is one of the
most able mill men in the East and
Mr. Whaley has wished te secure his
serviees.for some time.
Three Counties in Nebraska Torn
by Two Tornadoes.
Many Persons Killed or Wounded
-Full Extent of Disaster Not
Yet Known.
Hastings, Neb, May 25.-A series of
heavy storms, two of which developed
into the worst tornadoes that have
visited Southern Nebraska in years,
passed over portions of Clay, Franklin
and Kearney counties last evening.
Fifteen persons are known to have lost
their lives and over a score of persons
were more or less seriously injured.
The casualties are as follows :
Near Norman, dead: Daniel Mc
Curdy, Robert McCurdy, Mrs. John
Wehlever, Mrs. Earl Bacon, Mrs. C.
A. Tipple?
Injured: Mrs. George J. Meer, arm
broken; Icey McCurdy, leg broken;
George J? Meer, badly huit; Robert
Chambers, badly hurt; Earl Bacon,
John Wehlever, Mr. and Mrs. Kinear,
not serious.
Near Upland, dead; Lutheran
minister, name unknown; Mrs. John
Peters, farmer's wife; Mrs. Chris
Lamers and mother.
Injured : Chris Lamers and two chil?
dren, William and Minnie Schultz,
Fred Pop and mother, Mrs. Isaac
At Pauline, dead: Mr. and Mrs.
James Mumaw and child, Frank
C^uigg, Flora Palmer, John Palmer.
At Fairfield, injured: Mrs. A. W.
Broderick and child. serious; John
McReynoIds, internally injured ; Mrs.
Nobelinzy, Charles Taylor, caught by
?ailing chimney, serious.
Near Norman, at the home of Daniel
McCurdy, a number of relatives and
friends were spending the day, and not
)ne in the house escaped death or
serious injury. Two miles south of
Jpland German Lutheran services
vere being held in a school house when
;he storm struck and demolished 'it,
billing four of the occupants, includ
ng the minister and injuring a num?
ber of others.
The storm was equally destructive
it Fairfield, but the people were warn?
ed of its coming and sought cellars
br safety. Six dwellings were blown
o pieces at that place, but their oc?
upante escaped injury with a few ex
;eptions. Every dwelling and out
railding in the path of the tornado
vas blown to pieces and the financial
oss thus far accounted for will reach
.bout $60,000.
The family of Peter Pockinson, nine
n number, was reunited late today.
Uhey lived near Norma and were
eparated by the storm, it being feared
t first that most of them had been
rilled. There were two tornadoes,
>oth originating within a mile of
''airfield. The first one moved to
he northwest and the second off to
hej southwest. The one to the
lorthwest did the greater damage and
il the fatalities seem to have been
n its path. The greater loss of pro
lerty was sustained by farmers. The
leaviest individual loss reported is that
uffered by Charles Taylor, who \
laces the damage to his stock farm,
ncluding cattle and horses killed, at ,
State Teachers5 Meeting.
The State Teachers' association will
aeet at White Stone Li thia Springs
une 15th to ISth inclusive. During [
bat meeting there will be a session
if the college department at which
ome interesting subjects will be dis
Following is the programme which .
rill be observed, beginning at 3 o'clock y
n the afternon of June ISth: ]
"How can the colleges in the Stat9
ooperate most wisely?' Discussion
ntroduced by Dr. James H. Carlisle !
rom the standpoint of faculty, and '
ion. Wm. H. Ly les from the stand
win t of trustees
" What shall we do about athletics?" !
Mscussion conducted by President H.
i. Snyder.
"Whatcan the college and the school
lo to aid each other?" Discussion
ntroduced by Dr. M. I. McCain and
Supt. S. H. Edmunds.
A business session will follow the
lis?ussion of papers.
The Columbia Electric Street Rail?
way, Light and Power Company has
?ompleted arrangements for the is
uance of 81,000,000 worth of 5 per
;ent gold bonds, to be used for the
aking'/np of two previous debts, the
>etter equipment of the road and for
icquiring the property of the Colum?
na Gas Tjight Company.
Chief Justice Walter Clark, of the
tforth Carolina Snpreme Court, is the
:hoice of William J. Bryan for the
democratic Presidential nomination
n 1904, according to a story that has
.eacbed Washington.
Atlanta, .May 22.-A telegram re?
lived here today from Atlantic City,
ii. J., announces the death there to
lay of Mrs. Mary W. Curry, widow of
;he late Dr. Jabez L. M. Curry, former
Jnited States minister to Spain. Capt.
Manley B. Curry, paymaster in the
Jnited States army, stationed in At?
a??a, is the son of the deceased. The
Dody will be buried in Richmond, Va.
A vast deal of nonsense has been
published about the "good work that
Booker Washington is doing," but
;here is a great many conservative and
thoughtful men in Alabama who have
followed his work carefully, and
svho are unable to discover where it
is good. They hold with the States
and other southern newspapers that
the Tuskegee institute is changing
excellent field hands into rowdy crap
players and loafers. Much better re?
sults would be obtained if Booker
Washington would teach his students
how to look at the rear end of a mule
through a pair of plow handles with
profit-: in other words how to farm on
scientific principles.-New Orleans
St. Louis, Mo., May 23.-After be?
ing out fifty-five minutes the jury ia
the case of Emil Hartmann, ronner
member of the House of Delegates, for
bribery, returned a verdict this after?
noon before Judge Ryan, finding Hart
mnan guilty and fixing bis punishment
at six years in the penitentiary. The
penalty is the heaviest that has been
inflicted so far in the bribery triais.
Washington, May 25.-A typical
I sample of the special legislation which
characterizes every Congress has just
come to the attention of your corres?
pondent. One Thomas J. Mormon, of
! Columbus, Ga., enlisted for the Mexi
I can war September 1, 1847. In Decem
j ber he became involved ia a scrape,
j was tried by court martial in January
(1848) and found guilty of being ac?
cessary to murder, sentenced to vari?
ous penalties including dishonorable
dismissal at the close of the war. He
subsequently deserted and was absent
during January and February 1848.
After the war be deserted his wife and
ran away with another woman, to
whom he was never married. Since
that time, Mormon and his wife have
both died, but tne woman with whom
he ran away has secured the passage
by Congress of a bill (Private No. 473)
"correcting Mormon's record" so as
to make it appear that he was honor?
ably discharged. Now the woman re?
ferred to has applied for a pension and
it is feared will secure it. It is more
than likely that if the Pension Com?
missioner refuses the pension, as he
will if possible, Congress will pass a
special pension bill allowing it. The
prevalence of this type of legislation
is well known to every person familiar
with Congress and is creating a drain
on the Government funds which is ap?
palling. ?
The prospect of a serious conflict be?
tween Senators Hanna and Foraker
grows daily more likely. Senator Fo?
raker has announced that he will urge
the passage of a resolution by the
Ohio convention expressing the wish
of the convention that Mr. Roosevelt
be the republican nominee in 1904.
Mr. Hanna, on the other hand, has
declared that he would oppose such a
resolution. Hanna claims that a reso?
lution approving the President's ad?
ministration thus far wili prove all
sufficient and opposes the state's com?
mitting itself further than that while
Mr. Roosevelt has still more than a
year to serve. It is shrewdy suggested
that -the junior. Senator'"from Ohio
fears that his influence at the White
House will completely vanish, once
Ohio has indorsed the President. Of
course the belief that Mr. Hanna de?
sires to be a candidate himself in 1904
is also strengthened. The convention,
which occurs the first week in June,
will be watched with the keenest in?
terest and a large number of politi?
cians, not only- from Ohio but from
other states* are preparing to attend. ?
It is believed in Washington that
Senator Foraker wiH win, and if he
does it will constitute a body blow to
the political future of Senator Hanna, i
Another story which comes from i
Ohio and is received here with much <
interest is to the effect that Mayor i
Tom Johnson of Cleveland and "Gol?
den Rule" Jones, Mayor of Toledo, :
will join forces to elect the latter to :
the Senate to succeed Hanna Mayor <
Johnson is in complete control of the ;
Cleveland organization and Jones <
ought to be able to control the Toledo <
members of the legislature, so that
there is some ground for the demo?
cratic hopes. Jones has four times t
been elected mayor against the strong?
est opposition and despite the fact
that he refused to commit himself to
any party declaring that party should
cut no figure in municipal politics, i
The last time he was elected he re- [
ceived 100,000 votes.
'Secretary Cortelyou of the Depart- ?
ment of Commerce is not saying much <
these days but he is doing a "heap of
thinking" abcut Secretary of the 1
Treasury Shaw who has passed along i
to the new Cabinet member a most '
difficult and perplexing problem, that <
ef employing women/immigrant in- <
spectors. The six inspectors who were i
appointed some time ago at the in- ?
stance of certain religious and philan- j
thropic associations, served ninety <
days and were then dismissed on the ]
recommendation of Immigration Com- <
missioner Williams who did not con- 1
sider that they performed any useful 1
office. Now, Rev. Josiah Strong, presi- 1
dent of tlie American Institute cf (
Social Service, Mrs. Margaret Dye j
Ellis of the Women's Christian Tem- j
perance Union, Miss Sadie America ]
of the Woman's Municipal League ?
and National Council of Jewish Women i
and Mrs. Florence Kelly, formerly an ?
Illinois factory inspector, have come i
to Washington to secure the reinstate- *
ment of the discharged femal6 inspec- 1
tors. They called on Secretary Shaw, I
and with a manner that was "child- j
like and bland" the Secretary referred j
them to Secretary Cortelyou, under, <
whose jurisdiction the Bureau of Im- !
migration will be after July. A com- '.
mittee of women will descend upon <
the young cabinet officer with their ]
logic of recrimination and tears. :
The Department of Justice has lo- '.
cated half a million dollars worth of i
the property of ex-Captain Carter who ?
is serving a term in the Leavenworth ]
penitentiary for embezzlement from '.
the Government. The Department has ]
been working very quietly in the mat- i
ter and this fact was learned without 3
the approval of the officials who have ]
the case in charge. Attention is now I
being turned to the Greene and Gay?
nor property and it is believed that '.
already some clues to their holdings ]
have been secured. When the evidence <
regarding all the property is secured i
and properly prepared, another effort ;
will be made to extradite Greene and
Gaynor and a new trial in the federal ?
courts in Chicago will be commenced, i
by which it is hoped the Government '.
will be able to recover a large portion :
of its loss from the Carter embezzle- :
There is great gratification at the :
State Department over the news that ;
the permanent treaty between the
United States and Cuba has been i
signed at Havana. This treaty incor- 1
porates all the provisions of the Platt
amendment. The treaty still remains
to be ratified, and although ratification
by the Senate of the United States is
certain, there is some question as to
the action of the Cuban Senate. The
title to the Isle of Pines remains to be
settled by a subsequent treaty.^ The
provision which permits the United
States to establish naval stations at
Guantanamo and Bahia bay are regard?
ed by American officials as the most
important provisions of the new con?
vention. The specific location of these
stations is not included in the treaty,
but a selection of the points named
has been the outcome of subsequent i
Manchuria rivals Or?gon in fertility,
timber and climate and has abuncance
of gold, silver, iron and coal. It has
the area of Texas and three times the
population of the State of New Fork.
One Man and Three Women Mash
Beyond Recognition.
Pittsburg, May 22.-One man and
three women were killed and five or
six injured tonight at 1026 Fifth
avenue, the building being occupied
by a dancing academy. The cause of
the fatalities was the snapping of the
elevator ropes allowing the cage to
drop 50 feet. The dead are so badly
mashed that identification has been
impossible up to midnight. The only
one whose name may be correct is
Catherine Curtin. On her body was
fonnd a railroad ticket with the name
on it.
A banquet and ball was being held
in the building by the Pennsylvania
Electro-Mechanical institute, and
every available portion of the fifth and
sixth floors were crowded by members
of the institute and their friends.
At about 10 o'clock the elevator with
a load of 13 passengers started for the
banquet room on the sixth floor. When
that floor was reached it was found
that every place was crowded and the
passengers decided to go to the fifth
floor where the dancing was in pro?
gress. When between the sixth and
fifth floors the steel cable snapped and
with a resounding crash that was
heard blocks away the cage dropped
with its load of human freight.
It smashed through the floor above
the cellar of the building and was
stopped by a braced post of wood,
three feet below the first floor. In this
inaccessible position the passengers
were jammed under broken timbers
and twisted steel, yet none might have
been killed had not the heavy balance
weight, weighing over a ton, come
crashing down upon them. Miraculous?
ly all but four were able to scramble
out. The others were pinioned under
tlie heavy weight. Four were mashed
almost beyond recognition.
Albert Myers was held a prisoner
for more than an hour. While fire?
men and volunteer rescuers were
preparing riggings to lift the machine
so as to be accesible he lay pinioned
under the wreckage. Whiskey and
water were passed to him with words
of encouragement. A fireman en?
dangered hi3 life by dropping into
the mass of wreckage and holding the
injured man's head. "Heavens it
was hot down there, " was the brave
man's first words spoken while being
carried from his prison to a hospital
in an ambulance.
The opinion prevails that the elevator
was overcrowded and Superintendent
of Police McTighe ordered the arrest .
Df Prof. L. N. Giles, a mechanical
Bngineer and instructor of the Penn?
sylvania Electro-Mechanial institute .
who at the time of the accident was <
running the elevator It is alleged
that he allowed the elevator to be
overcrowded and that he had no ex- :
perience in running an elevator and i
tvas partly responisble for the acci- ;
3ent. .
Author "of Maryland" Tells How I
He Came to Write the Song.
Mr. James R. Randall, the author <
Df that soul-stirring song, "Maryland, ?
My Maryland," is in thp city. He <
was seen by a reporter \c?terd?y and
^ave the following account of the <
Drigin of the song: <
"In the year 18611 was, though a ?
re ry youngman, a professor atPoydras ?
College, Parish of Pointe Coupee, La. j
This college had been built and en- -
lowed by a rich Creole planter. It ;
was situated on a lake about seven <
miles from the Mississippi river, in j
a region largely devoted to sugar cane ?
production, the inhabitants being .
chiefly of^French descent and habitual- -,
[y speaking that language. To get .
Dur mail at a time we had to go to .
the postoifice at a village on the river
bank. One day in April I rode over
??here and received a copy of the New \
Drleans Delta which contained a ]
graphic account of the passage of the <
Massachusetts regiment through Balti- .
more, my native city, and the
sanguinary encounter with a crowd of ?
infuriated men who proposed to resist ]
all invasion of Virginia soil. This j
narrative inflamed my soul and, as I j
it that period had the gift of poetry, J
the thoughts surging in my brain took (
the shape of verse. That night I could ,
aot sleep and I seemed to be tormented :
into song. I rose from my bed, lit a
sandle and began to write at my desk,
rhe metre of one of James Clarence
Mangan's poems instinctively present- j
id itself as a proper vehicle of what ,
[ wished to express and I, with some ,
rapidity, wrought out 'Maryland, My J
Maryland.' Tne next morning I re?
touched the poem, polsihing it here
and there, and then read it to my pu?
pils, who received it with enthusiasm.
E copied and sent it to The Delta for 1
publication. My expectation was that <
it would contribute somewhat to the ?
lyrical history of the day, but 1 hard- '
ly anticipated what really happened.
Since that time I have written poems .
that are more artistic than 'Mary- s
land, My Maryland,' but this one
poem seems to cling to me in a way to '
aclipse all other productions of mine :
and, for many years I have abandoned ?
all attempts" at poetic cultivation, 1
partly because of necessity and partly
because I became interested in practi- j
sal prose writing. Sometimes, when 1 '?
look back on my romantic youth, it
is hard to believe that I am the same
individual, so radical has been the :
transformation. But, you only asked i
for the genesis of "My Maryland, "
and I must not be tempted to intrude
upon your time or space by pyschologic ;
or other reminiscential musing."
The State.
Washington, May 24.-The Post will
announce tomorrow that John I).
Rockefeller lias given $50,000 to the
Washington Young Men's Christian <
Association, conditioned on the com?
pletion of a canvass for $300,000 for
the Association before January 1, 1904.
The total amount contributed thus far
is raised by the Rockefeller subscrip?
tion to 6210,000,
In submitting the pledge John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., writes: "In making
this pledge, my father desires to make
a record cf the fact that lie has favor?
ably considered the request made be?
cause of the unique relationship which
the Washington Young Men's Chris?
tian Association bears to the country
at large, in that it is national in its
scope and not, as is the case with
Young Men's Christian Assoications
in all other cities, wholly or iargely
local." 1
Sold Cotton Stock at a Very Large
Will Use the Idle Months to Put
the Factory in Thorough Repair
for Fall Spinning.
The Granite ville mill at Granit?
ville, S. C., will close down about
June 15, and remain closed during the
entire summer. This matter has been
under advisement by the management
for some time and was finally decided
The company has very magnaniouslv
decided to pay all of the emploves
half salary and wages during the idle
Gorki, tne Novelist, Says the Mas?
sacre of Jews "Will Remain on
us Like a Bloody Blot for
Berlin, May 22.-Maxim Gorki, the
Russian novelsit, recently wrote an
article on the KischeneS massacres
for a Niji Novgorod newspaper, but
the censor refused to allow its publica?
tion. Gorki then sent the article to
the St. Petersburg correspondent of
tlie Frankfort Frene Presse, which
prints it today. The article says :
"Russia has been disgraced more and
more frequently of recent years by dark
deeds, but the most disgraceful of all
is the horrible Jewish massacre at
Kischeneff, which has awakened our
horror, shame and indignation. Peo?
ple who regard themselves as Chris?
tians, who claim to believe in God's
mercy and sympathy, these people,
on the day conscerated to the resur?
rection of their God from the dead,
occupy the time in murdering children
and aged poeple, ravishing the woman
and martyring the men of the race
which gave them Christ.
"Who bears the blame of this base
crime which will remain on us like a
bloody blot for ages? \Ve shall be\un?
able to wash this blot from the sad
history of our dark country. It would
be unjust, and too simple to condemn:
the mob. The latter was merely the
hand which was guided by a corrupt
conscience, driving it to murder and
robbery. For it is well known that
the mob at Kischeneff was led by
men^ ' of cultvivated society. But
cultivated society in Russia is really
much worse than the pe?ple, who are
goaded by their sad life and blinded and
anthralle by the artificial darkness
created around them. The cultivated
classes are a crowd of cowardly slaves,
without feeling of. personal dignity,
ready to accept ever lie to save their
sase and comfort ; a weak and lawless
clement, almost without conscience
and without shame, in spite of its
alegant exterior.
"Cultivated society is not less
guilty of disgraceful and horrible deeds
committed at Kischeneff than the
actual murderers and ravishers. Its
members' guilt consists in that not
merely they did not protect the
victims, but that they rejoiced over
bhe murders: it consists chiefly in
committing themselves fer long years;
fco he corrupted by man-haters and per?
sons who have long enjoyed the dis?
gusting glory of being the lackeys of
power and glorifiers cf lies. These
are the real authors of the disgraceful
and awful crime of Kischeneff.
"Shame upon their wicked heads..
May the fire of conscience consume
their decayed hearts, covetous only of
lackey-like honors and slavishly ob?
sequious to power."
St. Petersburg, Thursday, May 21.
Photographs from Kischeneff, which
have been recieved here, besides fully
sustaining the reports that the^ worst
atroicties were committed during the
DUtbreak against the Jews there, con?
tradict the official account of the mas?
sacre and the stories printed in the
Nationalist press.
The people of Kischeneff declare that
me Christian received a gunshot wound
and that there are no Christians in
the hospitals. Of the two dead Chris?
tians one was a boy, whose death was
attributed to fright and chronic dis?
The young lady who read that beau?
tiful graduating essay at last year's
commencement so full of lofty thought
and charming sentiment, 'on the
threshold of iifes' opening day,'
ambition's highest aims alone,' 'ever
apward and onward,' 'spreading sun?
shine in the paths of the weary and
the worn,' with fond determination
to win a name and fame," and much
more, all so beautiful, beautiful. Has
she won the name? And is she being
heard from?"
"Oh, yes,' Yes, yes. She has wpn
a name." Scrubsby I, think it is.
Driver of a grocery wagon. And she
is being heard from. The way Sern bi?
by hears from her, so the neighbors
say, is enough to scare cats."-Ex?
Arizona sheep are no longer clip?
ped by hand. Power machines have
almost entirely superseded the old-time
hand shearers, at the main shearing
plant there are twenty machines run
by a gasoline enigne and operated by
as many skilled shearers. A day;s
work for one of these men, with his
clippers run by gasoline, is to clip
from 100 to 125 sheep. In the
hands of an expert the work is done
better than with the hand shears, and
the sheep are left in a better condi?
tion than after a hurried shearing in
the old-fashioned way. The clippers
are much like the ordinary horse clip?
pers and seem to fairly peel off the
fleece when run at full speed. Then
there is an economy about the machine
clipping in the fact that the wool s
taken off evenly, making a uniform
staple and taking away all the growth*
instead of leaving tufs and patches on
the sheep. So closely may the wool
be clipped that sheep have been known,
to blister from the sun the next day,
but of courser this can be avoided by
regulating the shears.

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