Newspaper Page Text
fSSSUMTER WATCHMAN, KafcaaliBfced April, 1850.
"Be Just and Fear net-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's.'
THE TRUE SOCTHRON, Established Jone 15 6
?8solidated Ans. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. G.. WEDNESDAY. JCTNE 17, 1903.
New Series-Vol. XXII. So. 46
HAVE ONLY ONE HUNDRED OF THESE F1ACHINES,
But while they last they will go for Five Dollars each, six records to go with every ma?
chine. This is the genuine Columbia Graphophone, and every record bears the Columbia trade
mark, as well as the machine itself, which is of the latest design. Do you wprk hard all
through the hot summer days ? A little recreation and amusement in the evenings will cheer
you up and make happiness in the family circle. As you are not to enjoy a thousand years' so?
journ in this land of flowers you may as well pick up a few lines of pleasure in passing, espe?
cially when the cost does not exceed the five dollar mark. I am not living ten thousand miles
away from you? and have the goods for sale, open for your inspection ; come and see them.
Selling New Home Sewing Hachines, Columbia and Cleveland
Bicycles, and a high=class line of Sporting Goods.
?fe SSateJjrat at? jScnifljrmt
O >J "sj
SUMTER, 8. C.
4 ?1 50 por annum-in adbanae.
Ons Square first insertion................"$1 00
Every subsequent insertion. 50.
^Contracts for three months, or longer wili
oe made at reduced rates.
AU coQciQotcations which subserve private
interests will be charged for as advertiements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
? T?X ASSESSMENTS RAISED,
-Southern Express, Western Union
and Pullman Companies Have
Their Assessments Rais?
ed by State Board.
ibia, June 9.-The Southern
Express company and the Western
Union Telegraph company no doubt j
will protest vigorously against the
action of. the Stats board of railroad
The Southern Express Company was
raised from $34 to SS5 per mile on
a mileage of 2,879, which will be an
increase bf $146,129.
The Western Union's assessment also
. received a material raise from $34 to
S80 a mile on 1,401 miles, a total in?
crease of $35,585.
The Aiken-Augusta electric line re?
turned 27 miles at S3,000 per mile and
was raised to $6,000. The retam of
.^he Greenville Traction company on
seven miles at a total of $95,200 was
The Pullman Car company's assess
- ment was raised from $80 to $100 per
mi?e on 1,587 miles, an increase of
; SHIPPED FREE OF CH&BSE,
Southern Railway will Transport
ail Clothing and Provisions
for Flood Sufferers Free.
Mr. L.-A. Emerson,, assistant general
freight agent at Charleston, has. re?
ceived the following circular authority
from the general freight agent of the
Southern railway Company regarding
the free transportatioa of clothing and
fpo? to the suffers from the Hoods :
"Agents are hereby instructed to
bill free of Southern Railway freight
charges all donations of clothing and
food for sufferers from recent floods in
North and South Carolina, when ship?
ped by charitable associations or prop?
erly credited parties, and consigned
to associations, municipal officers or
oainisters of the Gospel. 99
Big Florida Hotel Bumed.
West Palm " Beach, Fla, Jun 9.
At 1L-30 this morning the Breakers,
the smaller of the two largest hotels
vat Palm '' Beach, was seen to be in
^fi?mes. The hotel building, power
house, Cory's block of stores, the
casino, south of the hotel, and one of
the large cottages north of the hotel
-were destroyed. Some furniture from
the hotel was saved, bat it it was bad?
ly damnged. The losses were :
The Breakers, $500,000; furniture, j
>$200,000; casino, cottage and Cory's j
block, about $25,000. Other losses j
Driven to Desperation.
Living at an "out of the way place, re?
mote from civilization, a family is often
driven to despsration in case of accident,
lesu?ting in Burns, Cuts, Wounds, Ulcers,
etc. Lay in a supply of Bucklen's Arnica
Salve. It's the best on earth. 25c, at J.
F. W. DeLorme's Drug Store.
Gov. Heywaid has offered a reward
of $200 for the parties who whipped
D. G. Hogan, of Dents, Richland
county, to death on Saturday night.
That Throbbing Headache
Would quickly leave you, if jon used
Dr. King's New Life Pills. Thousands of
suffers have proved their matchless merit
for Sick and Nervous Headaches. They
make nure blood and build up jour health.
Ouly 25 cents, money back if not cured.
Id by J. F. W. DeLorme, Druggist.
WHEN ADVERTISING PAYS.
Goods Must Not Only Seil, But
be Worth the Sale.
A contributor writes to Printer's
Ink as follows : There is a question of?
ten asked That yon can answer both
affirmatively and negatively-"Does
advertising pay?" The truth of the
matter is that it does, and it does not
To advertise with profitable results re?
quires as much preparation as it does
to go to war, or to enter college, or to
do any one of a score or more of im?
It is no very extraordinary trick to
tell an advertising story that will
bring many answers, but of what
avail is it if you have been careless in
keeping up your stock or, in order to
do so have reduced its quality? In
the first instance you exasperate or
cool off your would-be customer, who
will go somewhere else to make his
purchase, and, in the second, you
make a sale perhaps-but it is a sale
that does not satisfy and will there?
fore dismiss a patron. These two per?
sons-the one who was not supplied
and the one who got a poor bargain
will be sure to tell their experience
and will tell it in such a way as will
Nullify the most seductive advertising
that can be produced. Their talk will
go fast and far, and create in very
short order for the advertiser a dam?
aging reputation. His advertisement
may have been the most attractive one
that appeared the week on which it
was ctiered but the trouble was the
advertiser's failure to back it up. All
such advertising, it hardly needs to
be said, is mach worse than not to ad?
vertise at all. In some otherwise good
stores and trading places the social
atmosphere and manners encountered
are not of the inviting but of the re?
pellent kind, it is a great mistake,
and one hardly to be surpassed to
forget that politeness and suavity are
real business assets. A merchant may
have good goods, and deliver them
promptly, and tell no lie about them,
but if he and his clerks diffuse an
atmosphere of coldness, and lack
cordialty, they substract nearly all the
benefits good advertising ?has to offer.
In other words, they trip themselves
up by not backing the advertising sent
It is no doubt a fact often noticeable
that there are persons in trade who
mean well, who are thoroughly
honest, and who do not deliberately
intend to make a bad impression on
the public whose temperament and
address are unfortunately not attrac?
tive. It is a pity that they should be
the direct intermediate of trade when
they might do admirably as bookkeep?
ers, and perhaps fairly well as whole?
sale buyers or discoverers of bargains.
Perhaps they might even write adver?
tisements that they don't know how to
! live up to. It is a curious circumstance
i that many men can enunciate the pro?
foundest business maxims who can
not parctice them or go one step fur?
ther than to theorize. These people
have some place probably in a business
plant, but they should not be selected
to back up the store's advertising. As j
all advertising that ultimately pays
must be born of the truth and bear
criticism, there is some advantage in
avoiding too many* superlatives and
relying mainly npon under state?
ments. For these can moro easily be
warranted and followed. If the cus?
tomer finds himself better pleased than
he W3S told he would be, the effect of
the advertising will be immeasurably
enhanced. If lie is assured of the im?
possible, there is something lost to
the advertiser through his boasts that
could not be fulfilled. There is one
Scriptural text in particular that a
business man should hold to with
special regard-one that advises mak?
ing friendship with the "mammon of
unrighteousness." Every customer,
whether his pocket book contains one
j dollar or one hundred, is the person
I the dealer needs to cultivate and con
I sider. He comes with his money and
I he is entitled to his whims and even
! to his absurd expectations. The main
object should be not simply to corral
his money but to leave him pleased
whether he purchases or not. If his
manners are rude, and his demands are
unreasonable, the dealer's should be
placating and unruffled. For any cus?
tomer thus met will be a customer to?
morrow and will feel that the adver
tisment that first brought him had a
Ask your physician if Glenn Springs
Mineral Water is not what you need.
Glenn Springs Mineral Water is a
safe and sure cure for kidney troubles.
IDEAS LOST TO THE WORLD.
Marvelous Inventions That Seem
to Have Been Forgotten.
A recent issne of the most prominent
exponent of the steam engineering in?
dustry, Power, reviews a number of
interesting instances which cannot do
otherwise than convince even the most
doubtful that engineering is today
very, very far from having reached a
pinnacle of perfection. Among other
notes it states that it is hardly twenty
years since John Waymouth, the
Wolverhampton engineer and designer,
discovered the motive power of heat,
exhibited it in one of the simplest,
cheapest and most useful engines
imaginable and then deprived the
world of its benefit.
He had produced beforehand a round
dozen of excellent inventions, which
still bear his name, including the
modern revolving chimney cowl and,
having made a large fortune, he devot?
ed himself to harnessing the ordinary
heat of a fire and making a new power
of it. The idea was laughed at by all
his friends, but after four years of
study and experimenting he produced
a stationary engine that gave double
the power of any steam-driven me?
chanism at about a third of the cost
and also a small model heat locomotive
large enough to draw a truck with
a man in it.
KEPT THE SECRET TILL DEATH.
He invited a committee of scien?
tists and engineers, including Prois,
Huxley and Forbes Brown, and show?
ed them that his two machines worked
to perfection. The affair made a great
stir and it was proved that a great
power of unlimited scope had been dis?
covered. Waymouth was flooded with
offers of huge sums for his invention
but, for no apparent reason, except,
perhaps, the alleged madness of
genius, he absolutely refused to either
bring it out himself or sell the secret.
He announced himself satisfied with
the triumph . of the invention and be?
fore his deatb, a year later, he de?
stroyed all the papers and plans explain?
ing the system and removed the es?
sential parts of two engines. These
engines are still possessed by his heirs,
but nobody has been able to make any?
thing of them.
Still stranger was the famous loss of
the recipe for the manufacture of dia?
monds, some fifteen years ago. Her?
bert Warner, who alone discovered and
held the secret of diamond making,
did not live to wreck the diamond in?
dustry, as people thought he would,
and the circumstances of the loss were
mysterious and tragic. Inferior dia?
monds can still be produced artificially,
but only at a cost of about ten times
their value. Warner, after years of
experimenting, was able to tnrn out a
genuine diamond of large size and of
the first water at the cost of a small
fraction of the complete stone's worth.
He, like Waymouth of heat-power fame
manufactured his diamonds before an
audience of scientists and produced
three fine stones, which were tested
and pronounced faultless. Two of
them are still in existence and are the
greatest curiosities the jewel world
nas ever seen. But within a fort?
night of this triumph, before any new
stones were put on the market, Warner
ntterly disappeared from his house on
Harley street, London, leaving no
trace whatever. So complete was his
disappearance that from that day to
this not the smallest explanation has
been hit upon.
THE SECRET OF TALIUM.
Then there is the lost secret of the
wonderful new metal called "taliurn,"
which would certainly have been
worth many millions to the nation and
the inventor. Grantely Adams dis?
covered it just eight years ago and
during its short life it was one of the
greatest wonders of the "science of
commerce" world. "Talium" is an
alloy of metals, electrically treated,
nearly 55 per cent, lighter than steel,
both stronger and tougher and costing
30 per cent less to produce. It was
the fruit of four years' hard work
and study and eventually Adams com?
pleted it and publicly exposed it to ev?
ery kind of test.
Trains or any other vehicles, as it
was proved, would be able to travel at
nearly double their present speed if
constructed of "talium" and there
was no kind of edged tool that would
not be as keen as well as much lighter
if made of the new metal. The com?
motion caused by this discovery was
extraordinary and still more so was
the upshot of it, for the magnitude of
its success overcame Adams' reason and
he became insane before ever the secret
of the construction of "talium" was
given out. Adams died a year later
a hopeless lunatic and as there were
no papers explaining his method the
great secret was lost. All the tools
and engines of "talium" which he had
made remain, but no analysis has
revealed the method by which the
metal was blended. "Talium" is
The extraordinary "perpetuallamp"
of Henry Mills, which he invented, j
perfected ' and proved the. worth of ?
twelve years ago, was lost in quite a j
different manner. The Mills lamp ?
was an incandescent light produced '
without any using up of materials-it
had nothing to do with combustion
and the "flame" of it was perfectly
cold. It was certainly one of the most
wonderful inventions of the age and
not at |tll an expensive affair. Mills
made two of these lamps and de?
monstrated their absolute success, but
an extraordinary thing happened be?
fore the invention was put at the dis?
posal of the public. On the night of
May 20, 1899. Mills's laboratory in
Hampstead was broken into, both
lamps broken into fragments and all
the papers describing the invention,
involving years of work, stolen. There
was not the slightest clew to the per?
petrators of the burglary, which was
done most scientifically, and the crime
has never been traced. Even the rea?
son for it is not known-whether it
was malice, jealousy or theft. No
use has been made of the stoler papers
and I?ills, who depended on these pa-!
pers, set to work again, but two |
months later he contracted typhoid and
died, and Britain was thus deprived
ot his secret.
Li one way it is perhaps as weil that
the new gunpowder, "fulmite," in?
vented by Herbert Sawbridge six years
ago, never came to a head. Sawbridge
discovered this powder by accident in
his little chemical experimental room
at Exeter. ; He perfected the powder
after a good deal of study and trouble
and finally showed that in. an ordinary
service rifle this powder could drive
a bullet accurately a distance of near?
ly six miles and that at ordinary
ranges it gave over ten times the pene?
tration that "cordite," the present
powder, gives. A ballet propelled by
it at 600 yards would penetrate
twelve men. It would have been a
terribly destructive invention, and one
of its best points was that it did not
strain or corrode a gun in any way
and, above, all damp could not harm
it. But such is the extraordinary
fatality that seems to dog inventors
that Sawbridge was killed in an ex?
plosion in Iiis laboratory, whicii wreck?
ed the entire cottage. This happened
soon after the Government had begun
to negotiate with Sawbridge for the
purchase of his invention, but the ex?
plosion that killed him destroyed any
records there might have been of his
work. It was not "fulmite" that
killed him, but an accident with
ordinary nitro-glycerine.-Journal of
Constable Howie Transferred.
Columbia, June 10.-It was an?
nounced last night that 'Chief Con?
stable Hammet had transferred S. T.
Howie, who has been in charge of the
squad at Charleston, and that Con?
stable Holmes, now at Beaufort will
relieve Howie. The latter will suc?
ceed Holmes at Beaufort.
Apparently the sub-chiefs have only
been exchanged, but on account of the
complaints in regard to Charleston,
the action of the chief constable
appears to be quite significant. Mr.
Hammet himself went down to Char?
leston last night.
He is ordered by the Governor to
investigate the report that there are
regular barrooms running wide open
on the Isle of Palms, and Governor ?
Hey ward's imperative mandate is that
if there is such a wide open place it
must be closed at once.
Holmes is a Barnwell man, and as
Chief Constable Hammet is also from
that county, it may be expected that
he will enter into his duties-with full
sympathy and understanding of the
orders from the chief constable. Mr.
Hammet states firmly and positively
that the law will be enforced on the
Isle of Palms.
Kodol Gives Strength
by enabling the digestive organ* to digest,
assimilate ana transform all the whole?
some food that may by *eaten into the
kind of blood th.it nourishes the nerves,
feeds the tissues, hardens the muscles and
recuperates the organs of the entire body.
Kodol Dyspepsia Cure cures indigestion,
dyspepsia, catarrh of the stomach and ali
stomach disorders. Sold by J. S. Hushson
EAST ST. LOUIS UNDER WATER.
Graphic Story of the Fight Against
River Rises Suddenly Without
Levee 2 to 6 Feet High Protects the City
on the West.'but on thc South the
Illinois Central Embankment Gave
Way and the City is now from
2 to 15 Feet Deep in Water.
St. Louis, Mo, June IO.-Almost
two-thirds of the territory of East St.
Louis, 111, is under from two to
fifteen feet of water. Between sunset
last night and dawn today eleven lives
were sacrificed to the waters, and dam?
age which noonan today attempted to
estimate has ^Deen done to the prop?
Probably never before in the history
of the country has a more valiant fight
been made by brave men, with defeat,
staring them in the face, to protect
lives and property than has been made
by the citizens of East St. Lonis.
When the rising Mississippi River
began to threaten the city last Thurs?
day morning Mayor Silas Cook order?
ed men to work to construct sand bag
levees at once. The river rose higher
and more men were employed. Citizens
of the best classes worked side by side
with the laborers. Since Thursday
morning five thousand men, under the
leadership of Mayor Cook, without
sleep, with little rest and food snatch?
ed at intervals, have toiled unceasing?
ly to strengthen levees aud to do every?
thing possible to save the city. Not a
wheel of industry is turning in East
St Louis. The smokeless chimneys of
manufacuring plants stand lifeless
while the flood whirls at the founda?
The vast railroad yards are outlined
by hundreds of half submerged cars,
and here and there stand locomotives
only half visible.
Hugh grain elevators stand surround?
ed by a veritable sea.
To the south, beyond the railway
yard, are thousands of homes, mainly
humble cottages, owned by the laborers
and containing their all, submerged
to the eaves.
In Northern East St. Louis the de?
scription is repeated, but not on sucii
a large scale.
The business portion of the city and
the district containing the better resi?
dences is still intact but for how
long?" is the question tonight. Broad?
way, running from Eads Bridge east
to the city limits, a wide street walled
with stone fifteen feet high, divides the
city in halves. More than ten feet of
water is pressing against Broadway
from the south and in some places is
seeping through in streams as thick
as a man's body. If Broadway should
break the water would reach over much
of the city until Missouri avenue, run?
ning parallel, one block north, is en?
Along the river front to the west a
levee of sand bags, from two to six
feet high and two miles long, keeps
the river out.
Without warning the river suddenly,
began to rise. The city was made
safe along the river front, but sud?
denly a new danger menaced. Word was
received that the Illinois Central em?
bankment, skirting the river along
the southern boundary of the city,
was threatening to give way. Couriers
were sent on horseback and afoot to
shout warnings to the inhabitants of
the southern half of the city. Car?
loads of sand bags were rushed to the
place and work was hurriedly begun
Accustomed to warnings the inhabi?
tants did not leave their homes. High?
er and higher rose the water until a
;hin stream began pouring over the
?mbankment and suddenly it broke.
Thomas Middleton, a volunteer in
iharge of a gang of men who were 1
vorking at the point where the em?
bankment gave way, gave a Descrip
ion of the break, ile said :
The break occurred at 11.10 last
light. My gang was hard at work e
vitia the others. The water was pour- t
ng over the top of the embankment I c
n a sheet, even after all our work. *.
Suddenly, with a roar, a lot of water !g
;hot through the embankment almost ? s
it my feet. I was carried away, but j r
oon pulled myself out of the"water, t
)ne of the laborers standing by my n
ide was swept away and I saw him I
Irown. In an instant the water had ?
ut a section of the embankment out t:
,nd the stream, twenty-five feet wide, g
was rushing through. I saw another
section of the embankment go out a
few minutes later, and then that por?
tion between the two torrents went
down and the river poured through iii
all its fury. I believe many men, es?
pecially negroes, were drowned I
know that several negroes, worn out,
had been permitted to nap, but they
were lying asleep in the' path of the
flood. They certainly were drowned."
Middleton escaped by running along
the embankment back to the the city.
The alarm spread like wild fire and
whistles were blown, bells rung, shots
fired and cries of warning were sound?
ed, but with all this pandemonium the
majority of the arou-t d inhabitants did
not leave their homes.
Within an hour the houses stood iir
water that reached to the roofs of the
one-story cottages. It is known that
numbers of people fled to the Central
Hotel, a four-story brick -structure,,
and to the large brick buildings of the
Washington and Franklin high schools..
None of these buildings today con?
tained more than two hundred and
fifty people, and although the rescue
boats found many people in second
stories and on house tops, there are
rows upon rows of cottages that early
this morning did not show a sign of
life. There is a grave fear that many
bodies of dead will be~feusd in the
flooded cottages and in this section of
the city. It has been practically im?
possible to learn of authentic deaths,
but from the most reliable sources it is
believed eleven persons were drowned
last night, four of whom perished on.
the north side early in the evening.
Situation in East St. Louis im?
East St. Louis, III, June IL-The
crisis of the flood situation in this
city has passed. Boat crews which
have occupied yesterday in rescuing
victims of the flood devoted themselves
today to saving property and bringing:
to higher ground belated refugees who
previously had not themselves been iis.
Since the disastrous bre^k in the
central levee the flood has made no
dangerous breaks, although a portion
of the Baltimore and Ohio embank?
ment gave way last night and the flood
area was further increased by seepage
today. Water continues ta seep
through the Broadway embankment ic
various places tonight, flooding the
lowland betwen that street and Mis?
souri avenue, the next street northr.
with from two to six feet of water.
Fresh testimony in great quantity in?
constantly coining in, declaring Dr. King's
New Discovery for -Conscrr.pticn, Coughs
and Colds to be unequaled. A teceut ex?
pression from T. J. McFarland. Bentcr
ville, Va., serves as example. He write.--, r
"I had Bronchitis for three years and doc?
tored all the time without being benefited..
Then I began taking Dr. King'? Nev Dis?
covery, and a few bottles whoSy cured
me." Equally effective in caring all Lur;?r
and Throat trouble?. Consumption. Pneu?
monia and Grip. Guaranteed by J. F. W.
DeLorme, Druggist. T???J bottles free,
regular sizes 50c, and fr?jtW
A Cloudburst in Arizona.
Denver, June H.-A special to the
News from Phoenix, Arizona, says:
A cloudburst has intervened to delay
the crisis in the strike situation a?
Morenci, Arizona, where thousands of
armed men are threatening trouble
with the civil authorities. A reporr
has reached here that the downpour
has inundated Morenci and neighbor?
ing camps and drowned nine^ men.
Official advices state that a mob of
Italians and Mexicans charged on thc
guards who surrounded the milling
plant of the Detroit Copper Company,
disarming them and taking possession
jf the mill, while another mob of s
thousand Italians is seriously menacing
;he whole copper camp.
Worst of all Experiences.
Can anything be worse than to feel that
?very minute will be your last ? Such was
he experience of Mrs. S. H. Newson. De
iatur, Ala. "For three years'' she writes,
I endured insufferable pain from indi?
gestion, stomach and bowel trouble. Death
eemed inevitable when doctors and ali
emedies failed. At length I was induced
o try Electric Bitters and the result wast
airaculous. I improved at once and EO-W
'm completely recovered." For Lr*err
kidney, Stomach and Bowel troubles Elee?
rie Bitters is the only Medicine, li's
uaranteed by J. F. W. DeLorme, Drugg?fc.
WMIiww?iliyilli i11" , ,-*S???i?f&????i