WATCHMAN. Sstabiished April, 1S50. "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." TEE TRUK SOUTHRON. Established jone, 1263
"Cosolldated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 5, 1903. Sew Series-Vol. XXIII. No. 1
he World's Greatest and Best?
TB. Jenkins, Jr.,
gsblishftd 2roy Wednesday,
KT. Gr. Osteen5
SUMTSR, 8; C.
fl 50 per annum-ia advance.
Oed Square first insertioa....^.r........~$l 00
3&very subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longsr viii
?fce made *i reduced rates.
All comiaanications which subserve private
interests will be charged for as a?vertiemeats.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
- FfiEE ?0BSL DELIVERY.
? A Misconception of tito Law ly
the Postal Department
w Washington, Joly 28.-Eepresenta
. ;tive Livingston, of Georgia, was at
the postoffice department today dis
-eussing mral free delivery matters
with Fourth Assistant Postmaster
General Bristow. Mr. Livingston is
opposed to the policy which Mr. Bris- j
tow has adopted, whereby fee propos^
es to limit the institution of free de?
livery routes to routes which will
supply mail to at least one hundred
families, and he is also opposed to the
proposition to apportion the Available
funds among the several States as is
proposed by Mr. Bristow. Mi. Livings?
ton contends that both of these pro?
positions would operate against the
Southern Staets. He says it was the
intention of Congress-to have the rural
j free delivery routes established in the
localities here they woeJd do the. most
good. The service was not intended
for the fhickly-sattled sections of the
country, where lhere is sufficient pos
sk. tal business to ;;ustify the establish?
ment of postof?i?es easily accessible to
all the people. Mr. Livingston says
?bat Congress intended that the rural
"free delivery routes should be so estab?
lished as to supply the isolated people
of the country with mail service. Mr.
'Bristow's idea seems to he that these
routes should only be established in
localities where the business is suffic?
ient to enable ti em to pay for them
w selves. Mr. Livingston thinks that
this is a perversi on of the intention cf
Congress, and ho says that Congross
never intended that the service should
be self-supporting. He says that the
nest session of Congress will take this
matter up and will make it so clear
^ that the service is designed especially
for the benefit of persons who would
otherwise be without mail facilities
that it will be impossible for the post
oi2.ee department to construe the law
otherwise. Mr. Livingston is now in?
sisting chat even if no more new routes
are inspected this year, the service
ashall at least be established on those
that have been inspected and favorably
reported upon.-News and Courier.
Biehmond, Va., July 28.-Gov. Mon?
tague today was a witness in the pro?
ceedings in the .Henrico county court
"^for the removal o? Simon Solomon,
sher??f of the county for having fail?
ed to do his dnty in the street car
strike. The governor testified that
the sheriff had declined zo ask for the
troops and that he was compelled by
duty to act on his own account.
London, Jnly 28.-John G. Long,
- United States consul at Cairo, Egypt,
died this morning at Dunbar, Scot?
land, where he had been visiting
friends. His death was the result of
an accidental fg.ll. Mr. Long, whose
home was in St. Augustine, Fla., was
appointed consul general at Cairo, in
October, 1900. He was 57 years old.
Logansport, ind., July 28.-The
^osse, intent os. lynching the nergo
who yesterday attacked Mrs. Joseph
Watts, continued its search today.
The fugitive is believed-to be in hid?
ing in a two thousand acre cornfield.
Di Ilion, July 27.- Dr. J. F. Bethea,
living about three miles from here,
sustained' a serious loss by fire on
Saturday night, : 25th. About ll
o'clock his barn and stables were burn?
ed and with, shem six mules, one
horse, two reapers and binders, two
mowing machines, about 2,500 bushels
of oats and 200 bushels of corn. A few
weeks ago Dr. Bethea had suffered
y from a hailstorm, doing great damage
to his magnificent tobacco crop and
unroofing Iiis gin house.
OOHED BY 1 F?LL
Woman, a Helpless Cripple and
Partially Dumb For Years,
Passadena, CaL, July 28.-Miss
Alice Dane, apparently a helpless
cripple and deprived of perfect speech
for many years, has suddenly had ?he
ose of her limbs and vocal powers re?
stored as the result of an accident.
Miss Dane had suffered from spinal
trouble and had to hobble about on
cratches and could scarcely speak
above a whisper. ~
While ascending the stairs at her
home she fell and the last step struck
against her chest. Immediately the
pains from which she had suffered for
many years left, and, after being
taken to a conch and lying there for a
while, she got np and, to the surprise
of every one, walked about without
the aid of cratches. Many physicians
had treated the case unsuccessfully for
FLEE FOB TIES LIVES.
m I ? 111 ?? I ? ? ? I
Negroes Abandoning Indiana and
Illinois to Seek Homes in South.
Evansville, Ind., July 28.-For
twenty-four hours many strange ne?
groes have been passing through the
city on their way South, where they
will seek homes. Many of them came
from Danville, Ills., and points on the
Illinois Central Ballway. Two coaches
filled with negrees passed through at
one time. A number of the negroes
who left Evansville-during the recent
riots have not returned. The feeling
against the negroes in the Southern
Indiana towns has grown more intense
since the trouble in Evansville.
Killed fy lightning.
Special to The State.
Spartanburg, July 28.-During a
violent thunder storm here this even?
ing about 8.30 o'clock, Mr. Tillman
Duncan was instantly killed by a
stroke of lightning. Mr. Duncan was
at his home in the-western part of the
city. He had just finished eating
supper, and had started to rise from
the table, when the lightning struck
the window and ne was hurled to the
floor. He was dead when he was
reached by Drs, Leonard ad Cndd.
Mr. Duncan's mother, ?ho was at
the table with Mm was terribly
shocked, but escaped without serious
Tobacco firowers Paralyzed.
The State's Dillon correspondent
writing of tobacco prices, says : To?
bacco growers are simply paralyzed.
A single instance will illustrate : A
gentleman who was interested in three j
barns of tobacco that were sold by his
tenants here on last Tuesday told
your correspondent that the harvest?
ing, curing and marketing of the lot
of tobacco cost 830. The net proceeds
from the sale were $27, giving nothing
for land rent, guano, nor time and
labor expended during the long, hot
days and nights required to make and
harvest the crop.
Hawaii Wants Independence.
Honolulu, July 28.-(By Pacific ca?
ble, ) At today's session of the home
rule Convention Ex-Delegate Wilcox
urged that Congress be memorialized
to grant Hawaiian independence.
He also strongly favored the establish?
ment of a government for .the islands
similar to that of Cuba. His remarks
were received with much applause. It
?3 probable that a petition, embody?
ing the views expressed by Wilcox,
will be prepared for presentation to
Congress by Delegate Kalaninole.
? - 11 -?
Washington, D. C., July 28.-Mr.
Hansen, the Kassian charge here, gave
notice to Acting Secretary Loomis to?
day that the Russian Government
would hereafter vise passports for Rus?
sia only at the imperial embassy here,
and at the Russian consulate offices at
New York, Chicago and San Francisco.
This is a two-thirds reduction, in the
number of offices where such passports
could heretofore be vised. No expla?
nation is offered for the reduction, but
it is believed that the purpose is to
secure a more rigid scrutiny of the
character *of would-be travelers in
SPAN OF HUMAN UFE.
Steadily Increasing Because the
Mind is Kept Occupied.
Medical men are discussing a lecture
by Prof. Pfluger, of the University of
Bonn, on longevity, in which he as- ?
serts that the average length of human
life is steadily increasing. He main?
tains that one-third of all the deaths
registered in Munich are due to heart
disease, brought on by the immoderate
nse of beer, and that tobacco also
claims a large percentage of the vic?
1 Among forty centenarians who have
come under his notice there was only
one smoker, while nearly all professed
to a moderate nse of alcohol.
What Prof. Pfluger most seriously
warns people against is the thought
and fear of death. The mind must be
occupied, he says, in order to secure
longevity. Hard-working men who
retire rarely live much longer.
The German census statistics show
that in 1871 the centenarians number?
ed 117 men and 287 women, but in
1900 only five men and thirty women.
As is well known, in Munich, the con?
sumption of beer per capita is greater
than elsewhere in the world, and the
percentage of heart disease is higher.
Beer has a worse influence on the
heart than either wine or whiskey.
Tobacco is better borne by adults and
the aged than by youth. No youth
should be allowed to smoke before the
age of 2L Wine has been said to be
the mild of old age ; it should not be
us?d.Tmti? past the noon of life.
That the German census shows a re?
duction of old men since the war with
France is natural The age of indus?
trialism, of city life, of strain, of al?
cohol and of the venereal diseases,
with increase of "tabes dorsalis," and
general paresis, is the present ge of
Germany, as it is of the United States.
Only the sedate and the temperate in ;
all thiags can expect length of days.
Indiana Medical Journal.
Weather and Crops.
Washington, July 28.-The weather,
bureaus weekly summary of-crop con?
ditions affecting cotton and tobacco is
While there has been an improve?
ment in cotton its advancement is appar?
ently less 'decided than in the previous
week, especially in the central and
portions of the western districts,
where rain is generally needed. Good
growth is .reported from nearly ail dis?
tricts, bot the plant continues small
and is from two to four weeks late.
Boll weevil in Texas are doing'little
damage. Much of the crop has receiv?
ed final cultivation.
Tobacco is needing rain in portions
of Virginia, North Carolina and Ken?
tucky, but ie mostly doing well' else?
Springfield, Iii., July 28.-Governor
Yates, who has been in Europe for
nearly two months, arrived in the ea ty
this afternoon and went to the Execu?
tive offiee, where he received the re-;
port of Adjt, Gen. Scott on the situa?
tion at Danville. Attorney General
Hamlin had previously held a confer?
ence with the adjutant general, and
had advised the retention cf the troops
there for an indefinite period, as trou?
ble might arise when the local officers s
arrested the ringleaders of the mob
which attacked the jail. Governor
Yates agreed that it would be better
to retain the troops at Danville in?
New York, July 28.-The Rock Isl?
and system, through the medium of
the St. Louis and San Francisco Rail?
road, has acquired the control of the
Evansville and Terre Haute una its
subsidiary line by taking over fn?
holdings of the syndicate, headed by i
Edwards S. Hooley, senior partner of
the firm of of Edwin S. Hooley & Co.,
the failure of which was announced
on Monday. Official announcement of
the change in ownership was made
late today by L. B. Pearson, assistant
secretary of the Evansville and Terre
Haute, after a meeting of the board
of directors, held at the office of the
Whitinsville, Mass., July/ .-A
large part of the cotton mani. turing
industry in this section will suspend
operations on Aug. 1 for one week
with the outlook pointing to further
gradual curtailment in several mills
after resumption of work on Aug. 10.
Notices announcing the shut-down
were posted by four of the largest
PE?GE IN THE ORIENT.
Alleged Concessions by Russia io
United States, Japan and
? London, July 29. -The Daily Chron?
icle this morning, on the authority
of a "usually well informed corres?
pondent," hears that peace will cer?
tainly be preserved in the far East
throughout the coming winter. The
correspondent says that Eussia has
made important concessions to the
United States and Japan, while Great
Britain, which has conducted her
negotiations on more sober lines, has
also obtained her desires.
The Chronicle adds that an impor?
tant Russian declaration will be issued
ANGLO-CHINESE TREATY SAFE.
Pekin, July 28.-Ratifications of the
Anglo-Chinese commercial treaty have
This treaty was signed by Sir James
L. Mackay and the Chinese comm is -
sioners at Shanghai last September.
It provides for the abolition of likin
barriers, while ^native custom houses,
enumerated in the Government re?
cords, are retained. By the terms of
the treaty a list of the custom houses,
concerning which number there is a
great divergency of opinion, must be
furnished to Great Britain.
CONVICTS AT BAY.
Desperate Convicts in California
San Francisco, July 28.-At latest
accounts the troops and posses or?
ganized by the sheriffs of the different
counties are keeping in close touch
with the convicts who broke out of
State prison at Folsom and their pris?
oners, the guards and Jail officials
whom they have taken with them, in
self-protection. The party is moving
toward Coiama, wtiere the citizens
have armed themselves and are prepar?
ing to resist any attack. t '
The result of the fight between the
convicts and the two ofiicers at 7
o'clock last night in Eldorado county
was the death of Fred Howard, a con?
vict killed outright, and. the wound?
ing of another convict, a negro named
Seavis. The coroner at Placerville at
the request of the prison officials will
hold an inquest on the dead convict.
"Wihen last seen t&e convicts were in
citizen's clothing, while their prison?
ers wore stripes. The latter appeared
to fee having a hard time of it, as they
were heavily laden with bundles and
ammunition. The latest information
is to the effect that another encounter
has taken place between the fleeing
convicts and their pursures, resulting
in the death of John Addison, a con?
vict and of another whose name is nn
known. The posse and militia are
closing in on the desperadoes. The
capture or destruction of the complete
band is only a matter of a short time.
An Independent Judge
Chicago, July ?).-Judge Kava
naughj sn a decision handed down to?
day in the habeas corpus case of four
strikers, for violation of an injunction
granted to the Illinois Malleable Iron
Works, decided that labor unions have
the right to place pickets about a
point where a strike is in progress,
and he also declared that workmen
have the right to persuade workmen
to quit. The Judge furthermore held
that sending men to jail upon affi?
davits that they have violated an in?
junction is illegal. Judge Kavanaugh's
decision is directly opposed to decis?
ions rendered in the Superior Court.
v'Vashington, July 28.-Two people
were killed and seven injured in a
rear-end collision between the South?
western Vestibnle Limited on the
Southern railway and a work train at
Springfield, Va., seven miles from
Alexandria at 7.15 o'clock this morn?
ing. The engines and several of the
cars were badly damaged.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
I EXCESS il. R. FARES ILLEGAL.
Important Cases Decided in Col
Columbia, July 29.-The supreme
Court has handed down opinions in
two cases which have excited con?
siderable public interest, being the
cases involving the right of a railroad
company to charge an "excess fare"
of a passenger not having a ticket,
provided the company gives the pas?
senger what is called a "rebate check"
-a paper by which the company
agrees to pay back the 25 cents excess
if the "rebate check" be presented
within twenty days to one of its agents
in South Carolina.
Two cases were heard together
Fulmer against Southern Railway,
tried before; Special Judge Izlar at
Newberry, and Duncan against the
same, tried before Judge Benet at
Barnwell, lin each case the railroad
company won and the losing plaintiff
appealed to the Supreme Court. After
argument in that Court it was ordered
that the case be reargued before the
Court "en bane"-comprised of the
Supreme Court Justices and seven of
the eight Circuit Judges.
The Court "en bane" duly assem?
bled, Judge Watts being retired in the
drawing of lots.
The leading opinion in each case is
delivered by Associate Justice Gary
and it is concured in by Judges Al?
drich, Klngh, Dantzler, Purdy and
Gary, the last named filing a separate
opinion. The conclusion reached is
that, under the existing statute, a
railroad company is limited to the
rate of passenger fare-three cents a
mile-fixed fm the statute, and that it
cannot exceed that rate, lt is further
held that the 25 cents excess fare is a
"charge," notwithstanding the argee
ment of the railroad in its ."rebate
check" to refund that sum to the
holder of Hie check. Judge Ernest
Gary holds that the railroad company
may exclude from its passenger car
any person not provided with a ticket,
but having permitted snell person to
become a passenger without a ticket
the excess charge is unlawful.
The dissenting opinion is written by
Associate Justice Jones and concurred
in by Associate Justice Woods, Judge
Townsend and Judge Gage. It holds
that as the passenger paying the 25
cents excess because he has not pro?
cured a ticket may get back that sum
by presenting his "rebate check" to
the company's agent there is no extra
charge, but simply a reasonable regu?
lation of the railroad company in the
In each case the judgment of the
Circuit Court is reversed and the case
sent back for a new trial.
In the Fulmer case the plaintiff was
represented by Mesrss. Johnstone and
Welch and the company by Mr. B. L.
Abney and Mr. Thomas P. Cothran.
In the Duncan case Messrs. Davis
and Best and Mr. John S. Rey?
nolds represented the plaintiff,
while Mr. B. L. Abney and Mr.
J. W. Barnwell appeared for
Railroad Accidents in 1903.
Washington, July 29.-A bulletin is?
sued by the Interstate Commerce com?
mission on the railroad accidents in
the United States for the first three
months endod March 31, 1903. shows
there were 300 persons killed and 2,S54
injured in train accidents. Other
kinds of accidents, including those
sustained by employes while at work
and by passengers getting on and off
cars, <fec, bring the total number of
casualties c.p to 327 killed and 11,481
injured. In one collision of two freight
trains 12 employees were killed.
Many items in the tabulation show
an apparent increase as compared with
similar items in tbe preceding bulle?
tin, but this is partly explained by
the fact that the commission now se?
cures more complete returns of acci?
dents than have heretofore been made
by the railroad companies. The total
number of collisions and derailments
was 2,831, of which 1,650 were collis?
ions and 1,181 derailments. There
were 291 collisions and 125 derailments
affecting passenger trains. The dam?
age to cars, engines and roadway by
these accidents amounted to $2,491,048.
The Death Penalty.
A little thing sometimes results in death
Thus a mere scratch, insignificant cuts or
puny boils have paid the death penalty.
It is wise to have Bucklen's Arnica Salve
ever handy. It's the best Salve on earth
and will prevent fatality, when Burns,
Sores, Ulcers and Piles threaten. Only
25c at J. F. W. DeLorme's Drug Store.
HUNGARIAN STATESMEN RIOT.
Two Attempts to Bribe the Op?
position Exposed and Fur?
ther Business Prevented
Budapesth, Hungary, Jnly 29.
Deputy Zolman Papp caused a sensa?
tion in the lower house of the Diet
today by spreading out on the table
10,000 kronen in cash, which, he de?
clared, had been tendered him as a
bribe to desert his fellow obstruction?
ists and leave Budapesth. Herr Papp,
who is a member of the Kossuth party,
added that it was former Deputy
Dienes who attempted to bribe him.
Deputy Lovasky said that the edi?
tor of the Magyar Orszag had been
asked how much money would be re?
quired to buy off that newspaper's
support of the obstructionists.
A parliamentary committee was ap?
pointed to investigte the matter.
There were stormy scenes in the
Diet this atfernoon when the premier,
Count Hedervary, rose to commence
the debate on the indemnity bill. The
obstructionists stood up and the cham?
ber resounded with deafening shouts,
the banging of desk lids, and insults
hurled at the premier from the opposi?
tion benches. The sitting was suspend?
. ed, but the scenes were repeated on its
resumption, and,[ultimately, being un?
able to obtain a nearing, the premier
handed the clerk of the house a writ?
ten motion, moving the reading of the
bill. When the obstructionists became
aware of this action a couple of mem?
bers of the Kossuth party stormed
the presidential tribunal, snatched the
paper from the clerk's hands and tore
it to pieces. The tribune was soon fill?
ed with shouting Deputies and amidst
the tumult the session was again
It is said that two duels have been
arranged between Deputies as an out?
come of the scenes in the Diet today.
A MILLION DOLLAR PUNT,
The Carolina and Western Sugar
Refinery at Charleston.
Information has been received here
of the establishment of a large sugar
refinery near Charleston. It will be
built here, as the prospectus shows, be?
cause of the many advantages of this
The refinery will have a daily capac?
ity of five hundred tons. This is a
large undertaking, but those who are
interested in the project are said to
have carefully investigated the whole
situation and are impressed with the
advantages of Charleston for the suc?
cessful operation of the enterprise.
It is a noteworthy fact in connection
with the undertaking that no indepen?
dent refineries hav;- ever failec5, bur
that those in New Orleans, Philadel?
phia, New York and other points have
been excelleut money-makers.
The idea is to import the raw ma?
terial from Cuba, Porto Rico, Nicara?
gua and other sugar growing sections
and refine it at the plant near Charles?
ton, and then reship it from here to
the markets of the world. Ther?>
would bc no difficulty in obtaining- a?
sufficint supply of raw sugar for the
operation of the refinery.
The water supply to be used in con?
nection with tne proposed refinery has
been thoroughly tested and found r-c
be entirely satisfactory, and five mil?
lion gallons per day is the available
supply. Such a plant as is proposed
will cost in the neighborhood of a
The interested parties have gone so
far as to secure options on ail of the
needed lands and have submitted plans
to responsible builders.-News and
Plattsburg, N. XV, July 29.-The
thermometer registered as low as
twenty-eight degrees in several places
throughout the Adirondacks last night
and this morning. Ice formed in pails
in many tents and cottages.
The startling announcement that a pre?
ventive of suicide had been discovered vril?
interest many. A mn down system, or
despondency invariably precede suicide
and something has been found that will
prevent that condition which makes sui?
cide likely. At the first- thocght of self
destruction take Electric Bitters. It being
a great tonic and nervine will strengthen
the nerves and build up the system. It's
also a great Stomach, Liver and Kidney
regulator. Only 50c. Satisfaction guar?
anteed by J. F. W. DeLorme; Druggist,
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