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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 19, 1903, Image 1

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W SUSrasB WATCHKAS; Established April. 1850? "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thon Aims': at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SO?THKOK, Established jane, 1866
tosoll?ated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 19, 1903. Sew Series-Vol. XXIII. No. 3
%fi<^? ' ' ' ? ? .. _ ... . .
The World's Greatest and Best.
T. B. Jenkins, Jr.,
?1 Sd per annum-in advance.
foe StpKse first insertion...... .........-^l 00
bery ackesnuent insertion ........ 50
COR-auls for three "months, or longer trill
se ruade -at reduced rates.
All cB-raanic&tions which ?observe private
ate resta will be charged for as advertaements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
[barged for.
iesfeg ?of the State fRsfftote in
C!ei?soa-Large and fcepre
???Ftative Body of Agri?
culturists Present.
Clemson College, Aug. \o.- The
state Farmers' Institute for 1903 was
?nvened here tonight, at 8 o'clock, in
Memorial Hall, five hundred or more
iarmers from every part of the State
seing present The indications are
&at it?s perhaps the most representa?
ble "oody ol agricultural men that has
pet assembled here at these great an?
ana! gatherings, where the farmers
aet enly^et information and instruc?
tion as to the scientific principles of
sericulture, but exchange ideas and
?iscass practical applications.
Many prominent men afb noticed in
she crowd ; men who are daking a
marked success of agrichzture in its
rarious phases, hut who feel that they
bave something .to learn nevertheless.
Ju?gfrttg from the attendance at this
pre__^_ary and introductory pro
gra-imet there will be six hundred to
Bight iron erred people here during the
wee-. _3r. Mell is busy, Mr., J. P.
Lewis, "?he genial foreman of the
l?rm, ?B very busy, and Mr. , Sehil
Seter *s -still more busy feeding the
large ?rowd, and everybody is having
? good "tame already.
Col Sewman, presiding, introduced
Dr. P. S. Mell, president of the Col?
lege, wi? welcomed the five hundred
farmers present, calling attention to
the desire of the College authorities
to be of any assistance possible to
those i- attendance, and offering free?
ly ali the facilities of the institution
for their information and instruction
and entertainment Dr. Mell spoke of.
the high a_d important calling of the
agricultural classes? the dependence of
all progress upon the agriculturist, and
went on to give some figures, show?
ing how the United States Govern?
ment has assisted and is assisting to
promote agriculture by means of the
sixty-two agricultural colleges, with
their 40,000 students annually, and
their $58,000,080 of property value.
Clemson is one of these, and one of
the very best, with its fifty six teach?
ers, officers, etc., and its total num?
ber of students who have come to
Clemson since 1883, 2,345, and its to?
tal number of graduates inN its ten.
vears of existence-251. Another
thing the Government has done is the
astablishment of fifty-six experiment
stations, using over ?l?0C0,000 to aid
farmers. The South Carolina experi?
ment station has sent out ninety-five
bulletins, distributing to 10,000 per?
sons, per bulletin, giving results of
experiments in various lines of scien?
tific agriculture.
In response to the president's wel?
come Mr. W. F. McArthur, of Chero?
kee county, spoke, the thanks of the
farmers of the State for Clemson Col?
lege, and its various forms of oppor?
tunity, not the least of which ls the
annual Farmers' Institute, stimulating
the farmers to thought and to experi?
ments, profiting by results of scien?
tific investigation and by exchange of
J Col Newman took occasion to im?
press upon those present that they
must make themselves at home, and
not hesitate to take advantage of all
facilities or to call upon any officers
of the College for information or in?
Prof. J. H. M. Beaty, director of
the textile department, then spoke
apon "Some advantages of Southern
cotton manufacturing to the agricul?
tural interests." Prof. Beaty is a
close student of the cotton manufac?
turing industry and its relations to
the. agricultural develoment of the
South, and spoke interestingly, auth
oritative?y and convincingly, pleadir
for the correlation of agriculture ai
manufacturing. He showed conclusivi
ly that the country which manufacture
its raw products is far and away be
ter off than' the one which sells i
raw material to outside manufacture:
tobe bought back as finished product
He urged technical education, shot
ing its advantages, importance as
necessity if we are to manufacture ot
own raw products, cotton, etc. fi
said in substance : Tracing the earl
history of our country we find thi
Puritan and Cavalier alike had 1
make his own cloth for home use. I
1810 Virginia, North Carolina, Sont
Carolina and Georiga spun more clot
than ail New England. But the Sout
being naturally ehe home of agrien
ture, manuafcturing went North as
they became wealthy. But in recei
years the South has begun to awake
and today South Carolina stands ne:
to Massachusetts in manufacture c
To the question, are we getting >.to
many mills-are we ov?r-doing th
mill business? I give the followin
comparison: England, not producin
a pound of cotton, has 46,000,000 col
ton spindles and 6,000,000 woolie
spindles, with her 46,000,000 ?nhabi
tan ts. The Sooth, producing four
fifths of the worlds1 supply, with he
12,000,000 to 15,000,000 inhabitants
has only 5,009.000 spindles.
Curtailing the production is no Cur
for low prices, for other fields wi!
furnish supply if necessary. The tru
remedy is to make as mach as eve
before, or more,. to make it for les
cost and .instead of sending to other
our raw material, manufacture thi
raw material and sell the finishe?
products. The South's principal ra\
material is cotton, and we have per
sistently soid it in the raw state. Tak
a pound of cotton in the raw state
worth 8 cents, manufacture that an?
it is worth 40 cents at least. If th?
Massachusetts mills do that, 2 cent
goes for freight both ways, and th
other 30 cents of the 45 cents; fo
which we bey "fcack our pound . of cot
ton, goes to the people of Massachu
setts-the ?mill owners, the operatives
etc. So we have been growing fiv<
pounds of cotton for one .pound o:
cloth, and yet we have expected, no
only to make a living, but to get rich
By selling to frome mills yon not onl:
get better prices, but the profits ar<
left among yon, and you share in then
in various ways, as will be Been b]
following illustration :
I know in this State a one-time
small, sleepy town of a few hnndrec
people, with indifferent homes, slug
gish business, valueless property.
After the location 'of a cotton mil
some benefits to the town itself are i
thriving bank and thriving mer?
chants, new Ta??way station, new oi
renovated homes, etc. For the 1,40(
bales used by this mill better joicei
are paid than the farmers formerly
received; for the New York broker,
who. formerly had no competition,
must now, in order to meet foreign
contracts, compete with the mill,
which has to fill its orders for finished
gooda The value of these 1,400 baies
as raw material is $63,000 ; as finished
product made by this mill it is $200,
000. This gross income goes partly
into dividends to stockholders, ail
r?sident in the town or county ; one
half to operatives, spending their
j money at home, the rest goes into pur?
chase of cotton or supplies. The tax?
able property is increased by $175,000
they have better roads, better schools,
etc.-in fact the general influence of
cotton mills in a community is to
build up the commercial interests of
that community.
The longer we insist upon selling
our raw materials-not only cotton, but
other products-and buying them back
as finished goods, the poorer we get
and the richer the manufacturer gets.
In manufacturing communities, not
only does cotton sell for one-half a
cent to two cents more than N?3W York
markets, but mill operative?, being
consumers and not producers, our
farmers find ready and reliable market
for all kinds of truck-meats, fruit,
vegetables, wood, etc., etc., ty. which
the cash annual income can be in?
creased 25 to 50 per ceHt. So it is the
duty of producing communities to fos?
ter industries that utilize raw ma?
terial, and I ventare to say ^hat farm?
ers are benefited by subscribing to
mill stock, even though they should
never geS dividends, since they get
better and greater markets for raw
material and produce of all kinds.
What we need then is a di versity of
interests and diversity of industry,
correlating agriculture and manufac?
Clemson College, Aug. IL-Six
hundred or more farmers were here
today and much interest was taken in
the institute. Large crowds visited
the dairy, horticultural grounds, ex?
periment grounds, farm, etc., and at?
tended the lectures and discussions in
the chapel, morning, afternoon and
This morning, CoL R. B. Watson
spoke upon fruit growing in South
Carolina, making a strong address,
urging greater production of peaches
and small fruit generally for home
and market and showing how to do it.
CoL Thomas J. Moore followed, with
"Some experiences with upcountry
river bottoms,'* which was full of val?
uable information. In the afternoon
Prof. Metcalf discussed bacteria in
agriculture, and CoL Newman sup?
plemented with a talk along the same
lines. Miss Hyde lectured to the ladies
on domestic economy.
The. State Agricultural and Me?
chanical Society met at 4 p. m., and
considered the proposition for moving
the Fair grounds. Much discussion
resulted in the adoption of the follow?
ing resolution by CoL Evans :
Resolved, That a committee of five,
the president, the secretary and Messrs.
A. T. Smythe, T. J. Cunningham
and C. S. McCall, be appointed by
this Society to confer with the Cham?
ber of Commerce and the city council
I of Columbia relative to any proposi
I tions which they wish to make to
this Society, and to report back to
this Society at the October meeting.
-News and Courier.
How Statistics Will be Taken of
the Coming Crop.
Preparations for gathering the cot?
ton ginning statistics for the crop of
1903 have been completed by the divis?
ion of manufactures in the census office
and final instruction have been sent
out to the field agents by Director
With the experience gained in last
year's work it is the expectation of
the census officials that this years
statistics will be even more accurate
than those of last year and will ac- i
count for practically every bale of cot
ton grown in the United States. Spe- j
cia! care has been taken in the ia
strnction of field agents as to their
work. There are in all 626 of these
field agents. Almost ali of them are ;
men who were employed on the work |
last year and have consequently had j
experience. In addition to the printed!
instructions sent out the census office ;
has had two special agents in the field <
during the summer visiting the field j
agents, especially the new ones, and j
giving them personal instructions and
advice as to the best methods of carry- '
ing on tibe wrok.
With a view to facilitating the work
of the field agents and also with the
object of securing more accurate sta?
tistics the census Office contemplates
supplying to each ginner a record book.
This book will contain blank forms
which wili enable the ginner to reeord
the name of each customer daily, the
number of pounds of lint obtained, the
number of poands of seed and the ac?
tual weight of each bale of cotton gin?
ned. By getting a record of the weight
of seed cotton famished by each cus?
tomer and of the lint and seed obtain?
ed it will be possible to verify the re?
ports as to the weight of baled cotton.
. By the use of these record books, if
the hearty and intelligent co-opera
tioan of the ginners can be obtained, ?
it will be possible for the census office
to make an almost absolutely accurate
report as to the number Of pounds of
cotton grown in the United States
each year.
How a Great Surgeon Died.
While Bichat, the famous surgeon,
was dying of typhoid fever he turned
to au old colleague who was sitting
beside his bed and said to him :
"My friend, I am lost, but it is some
consolation to know that my case is
very curious. During the last few
days I have noticed some odd symp?
toms and I am studying them careful?
"Oh, you may recover yet," said
the friend.
"That is impossible," replied Bi?
chat, "and if it were not for one thing
I should be quite willing to die."
"What is that," asked the friend.
"I am exceedingly sorry," answered
Bichat, "that I shall not have an. op?
portunity to perform an autopsy on
myself after my death, for I know
that I would make some wonderful
scientific discovery."
An hour later he wai} dead.
Resolve to Use No More Trust
Tobacco and Urge Co-operation
Florence, Aug. 12.-At the mass
meeting of the citizens of the County
of Florence held at the Court House
on the 11th inst, as reported, yester?
day the following resolutions were
unanimously passed : Kesolved,
. 1st That we will not purchase any
manufactured tobacco or cigars put on
the market by the Tobacco Trust; or
any other goods manufactured by the
I Trust where other manufactured by
independent concerns can be purchas?
ed instead, regardless of any drop in
the price on the part of the Trusts.
2nd That the chairman of this
organization appoint a committee of
three to visit all the merchants of
Florence to urge on them not to pur?
chase or sell any Trusts manufactured
! tobacco, or other Trusts goods where
I others can be purchased.
3rd That the chairman appoint a
committee of three to prepare a com?
plete list of all tobacco products
manufactured by the Trusts and that
these lists be given to the press.
4th That the Chair appoint a com?
mittee of three in each township to
solicit membership in this organiza
5th That this meeting urge on all
'other communities to perfect organiza?
tions looking to co-operation with us
on these lines.
6th That a committee be appointed
? by the Chair to confer with the mer?
chants of Florence looking to making
arrangements to procure the sale of oil
from independent companies.
7th That these resolutions be given
to the papers of Florence, to the State,
News and Courier, and the Columbia
Record, and that ali the county news?
papers be especially requested to copy.
The farmers of North Carolina are
already moving along this line and if
they stick to their resolutions there is
a promise of an interesting time
ahead.-Florence Times.
Whitesboro, Tex., Aug. 12.-Eight
negroes were arrested for an attempted
criminal assault on Mrs. Hart, a white
woman, here today. Seven were releas?
ed and the eighth man was held for
identification. A mob appeared at the
jail tonight, took the negro and hanged
him to a tree nearby. Before he be?
came unconscious officers appeared and
rescued the negro and are hurrying
him to Sherman for safekeeping. The
mob is gathering to pursue the pris?
oner and it is said other communities
will join the mob.
After the negro, Brown, had been
forcibly taken from the mob, its mem?
bers turned their attention to the
colored residents of the town. Guns
were fired promiscuously in the negro
section and the terror-stricken negroes
when they came from their houses
were ordered to leave town at once.
No violence further than this intimi?
dation has been offered so far.
^As a result outgoing trains on all
roads are crowded with negroes. )
- i ? ? i mm
"There is a eharm, a fascination
about circus life that is hard to ex?
plain," said a veteran showman lately,
"it is surely a tough experinece, be?
ing buffeted about from plaee to place,
often without a bed to sleep in, and
the wages, outside of the salaries paid
to a few stars, are amazingly small.
Yet when a man once gets a taste of
circus life it's all up with him. He's
never good for anything else and never
wants to be. There must be a germ,
bred of the sawdust, that gets into the
blood. Take the canvassers, for in?
stance. They get $20 a month and
their grub and an impromptu bed in a
wagon. Often they don't take their
clothes off for weeks at a time. There's
one fellow I know who has a trade,
and during the winter he makes on an
average $20 a week. And yet, just as
soon as the circus season opens, he
throws up his job and gets out on the
road with a show for $20 a month.
In most every town the management
is besieged by men and boys who want
to go along, and many of them offer
their services for their board. It's a
queer state of affairs."
Augusta, Ga., Aug. 12.-Augusta
received its first bale of new cotton
crop tonight. It was grown by H. C.
Folk, of Bamberg, S. C., and was
consigned to Pope & Fleming, of this
Constable Jones Always Used
Fists as a Last Resort.
Behind the announcement that the
government has offered a reward for
the arrest of the man who killed Con?
stable Jones, of the Osage Indian re?
servation, on July 4, is the story of
j the life and death of one of the most
I remarkable tamers of bad men in the.
The most surprising feature of the
history of this man is that in all of
his encounters with murderers and
desperadoes of the western type he
never carried or used a gun or other
weapon of any kind.' Continually
brought in violent contact with men
who carried guns they were quick to
use, Jones scorned weapons beyond
those that nature gave him. With his
brawny arms and their knotted ends
he spread terror among evildoers, not
on the Osage reservation alone, but
through all the Indian Territory.
For ten years or more Jones had
kept the peace of the Osage reserva
I tion. When he took the place the re?
servation was overrun with tough
! characters of every class. The Osages
themselves were peaceful enough, but
the half and quarter breeds, always a
source of trouble on any reservation,
were an annoyance and a danger. Then
! there were the bad men from the out?
side, who invaded the reservation to
trade with the Indians and to cheat
them out of their money at cards.
I Jones tamed them all and did it
I quickly. He went about his danger?
ous task in a new style that was ridi?
culed at first. His first step in making
an arrest was always to use a common
sense argument. If that did not work,
he used his fists. They never failed to
accomplish the desired result. When
a gun was drawn on him, as it was in
the majority of cases, he seized it
and threw it out of reach and then
proceeded with the taming process.
Dozens of men who were noted for
their quickness with a gun and who
laughed derisively when told that
Jones was coming to arrest them, were
met and conquered in . the same way.
Jones' eye and arm were always
quicker than the most rapid action of
the worst of the gun fighters. The
ready revolver was often drawn, but
before it could be used it was snatched
from the grasp of the man who intend?
ed to use it and it was sent flying
through the air.
With desperadoes who boasted of
their physical strength it was the
same story. . The best of them were
easy for Jones. When one or two of
them rushed to the aid of a comrade,
Jones bumped their heads together
and lugged them all off to jail. In ex?
treme cases they often went to the
hospital first, so thoroughly were they
No one knows how many men Jones
could have whipped' single handed,
simply because he was never put to
the supreme test. He always won,
whether he was taming one or six.
Jones soon drove the tough outsiders
off the reservation for good, and the
quarrelsome half breeds became quiet
and subdued, even when under the in?
fluence of "firewater." The govern?
ment officials glorified in Jones, not
so much because of his fistic process,
as because he maintained perfect order
on the reservation at a minimum of
expense.-New Orleans Times-Demo- j
Birmingham, Ala., Aug. 12.-To?
day's session of the board of arbitra?
tion which is in session to adjust the
differences between the Alabama min?
ers and coal operators opened with a
statement by the chirman, Judge
George Gray of Delaware, regarding
the scope of the arbitration.
Judge Gray said that the following
matters would be considered : Eight
hour days ; five cents advance in min?
ers' wages on the ton with correspond?
ing increase in day wages; semi?
monthly pay days; prices paid for
dead or narrow work; differential in
machine and pick mining; minimum
number of days to be worked each
month ; re-adjustment of day wage
scale ; differential between Pratt mines
and other mines.
J. W. McQueen, vice president of
the Sloss-Sbeffield Steel and Iron
company, said that his company does
not traffic in store checks and that
credit is extended to thrifty miners.
He declared that last year's wage
scale was not equitable. ? i
It Has Done Great Damage at
Martinique and is Threaten?
ing South Atlantic Coast.
Washington, Aug. ll.-The weather
bureau tonight issued the following
special bulletin:
The tropical hurricane this after?
noon was apparently central south of
the central Cuban coast and recurving
northward. Its exact course cannot
now be determined but it is danger?
ous for vessels to sail for southern
ports. It is probable that more precise
information can be given Wednesday
morning regarding the direction and
the intensity of the storm.
Hurricane warnings are, displayed
on the gulf and South Atlantic coast
from Port Eads to Jupiter, at Nassau
and western Cuban ports, and storm
warnings from Jacksonville to Char?
leston. All other Atlantic and Gulf
ports also have been advised regarding
the storm.
Washington, Aug. H.-The hurri?
cane which yestedray passed over San
Domingo and Martinique probably is
approaching the South Cuban coast
with indications of recurving, but at
what angle the weather bureau officials
are unable to state. A report from
! Habana at 7 o'clock tonight said that
the wind was blowing 36 miles an
hour and was from the northeast. The
hurricane probably will cnotinue in its
course northward somewhere close to
'the Florida peninsula. Hurricane
warnings have been sent to points
from Port Eads on the Gulf coast
around the Florida coast up as far as
Jupiter, and storm warnings to Atlan?
tic coast points from Jacksonville to
Charleston, S. C. The weather bureau
regards as extremely unwise for ves
sells to sail for Gulf or Cuban ports
or the Bahamas just now. The storm
was central this morning at Kingston,
Washington, Aug. ll.-The_ state
department today received a dispatch
from Consul Jewell, at Fort de France,
Martinique, dated yesterday, con?
firming the press report of the dis?
astrous cyclone in that island. The
dispatch says:
"Terrific cyclone visited entire isl?
and midnight Saturday ; great damage
to crops and fruits many houses in Fort
de France unroofed : trees two feet
thick uprooted. One killed. Consulate
intact. At Trinit? seven killed, many
houses destroyed. Smaller towns
damaged. New villages Tivoli, Fond,
La Hay, Fourniols and Recul?e de?
stroyed, renderinng 5,000 survivors of
last year's catastrophes again homeless.
Reports interior island indefinite.
Great discouragement."
New York, Aug. 1.-The Commercial
Cable company has issued the follow?
ing notice :
"W? are advised that there is no
communication with Jamaica. This
cuts off Puerto Rico and all the West
Indian islands south of there."
Ptomaine Poisoning.
Washington, Aug. 12.-A remark?
able case of ptomaine poisoning is re?
ported from Ashburn, Va., some 20''
miles outside of Washington. A large
number of persons had gathered to at?
tend the sale of the dairy farm owned'
by Senator Stewart of Nevada. The
senator served the prospective buyers
a light luncheon consisting of coffee,
ham and beef sandwiches. Shortly
afterwards at least 50 persons were
taken violently ill, suffering from
ptomaine poisoning. One after another
.they fell to the ground, writhing in
agony. Horsemen were dispatched in
all directions for doctors, and a num?
ber repsonded and took prompt meas?
ures to relieve the sufferers. In a
statement issued at ll o'clock tonight,
the doctors report their patients out
of danger, although many are quite
ill. An investigation developed the
fact that the beef, which bad been
purchased in Washington and kept in
cold storage on the farm for several
days was the cause of the trouble.
Norfolk, Va., Aug. 12.-Reports
from Elizabeth City, N. C., are to
the effect tiiat the steamer Mayflower
of Norfolk is ashore in North Carolina
waters, and will probably prove a to?
tal loss. The Mayflower struck on a
bar a Wade's Point. Albemarle sound,
about 18 miles south of Elizabeth
City. The Mayflower is a small river
craft and was lumber laden.

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