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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 15, 1904, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1904-06-15/ed-1/seq-6/

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elaborate Series of Experiments
Diet, Similar to Those Re?
cently Made on Man, Being
?8 Made at the University of
Yale having conducted a series of
""Food tests with 4 ' rookies' ' supplied ty
the United States army and by volun?
teers from the athletic department of
tba University, the State College of
Pennsylvania, at Harrisburg, has be
-$an a series of experiments of exactly
ihe same nature with cattle. The
Pennsylvania experiments are all di?
rected toward the scientific feeding'of
?attie, to find out exactly what foods
ate the best adapted to produce the
best milk, the best flesh and the best
batter. It is not the plan of tbe
Pennsylvania scientists who are con?
ducting the tests to starve scientifical?
ly the cattle with which tbey are
-making their experiment?, nor to try
tbe effects of poisons on them. On
-the contrary, the sole purpose of the
tests is to find out what foods, or com?
binations of foods, will produce the
-richest results and the cost thereof.
To make their tests correct they
?ave invented what they call a respir?
ation calorimeter. It is an apparatus
wiich measures .with exactness. the
?gases given off by a cow or an ox,
and the heat generated in the animal's
body during the process of assimila?
tion. The respiration part of the ap?
paratus attends to the gases and the
"calorimeter to the temperature. In
this machine for months past a series
cf the most interesting and to agricul?
ture the most valuable tests have been
made, and the scientists who have
been supervising them are enthusiastic
over the results that have been se?
Tbe respiration calorimeter consists
of a double walled chamber, about six
bf . ten feet and eight feet high, con?
taining a comfortable stall. The
-walis of the chamber are doable, the
loner one being of sheet copper, while
-tbe outer one is of zinc, with an air
space between. The door through
-which the animal enters, and the
-small opening through which food is
given to the animal, close airtight,
?hutting off the interior from the
world outside, except so far as it can
be seen thrrough a double plate glass
vindo w.
When an animal is placed in this
"hermetically sealed cell all air is cot
-off from it, save that which is sup- -
?piled by a meter pump, which sends
?a a uniform quantity of dry, pure air
afc stated intervals. The pump not
oa?y sends the air carrent in, but it
draws a sample of it at stated inter?
nals. Another pump draws the air
off at the same speed that it is pump
od in, and this exhaust pump draws,
??amples for analysis at the same in?
stant that the injector does. By .com?
paring these samples it is very easy to
3eH exactly what gases and how much
tbe animal has added to the air and
to determine the amount of gasses giv
ea.oS by different foods.
The copper inside boxjof this cham-1
ber is surrounded by two wooden |
boxes, each box being S inches larger ;
-Iban the one inside it. When in use
they are kept at exactly the tempera
lore of the air surrounding the stall,
-?nd thus there is no loss of heat from
-$be chamber in which the animal is
glaced. By a simple adjustment the
?mt is made to leave and enter the
oeil at the same temperature, and thus
3bere is no loss on that account. So
ail the heat that the animal gives off
remains in the chamber, which is
carefully registered by delicate elec?
trical thermometers. But if the heat
remained in the' cell it would result
jp tbe place soon becoming unbearably
bot, and so an arrangement is made to
.%eep it at one temperature by means
of coils of cold water, which absorbs
tte beat almost as fast as it is given
oS. But the instruments measure the
-most min ate variations of beat, and
tfeese facts are classified with the re?
sulta of air an-Jysis. Th as the amount
of waste and heat created by each
kind of food can be calculated.
3n making a test the animal is us?
ually placed io the calorimeter betten
3. and 2 o'clock in the afternoon. The
-asst few boars are spent in adjusting
Sie instruments. At 6 o'clock in the
-waning the test is begun, and usually
-lasts for forty-eight boars. At the
?od of that time the animal is taken
ikom the cell and carefully examined
?*y experts and a full report of its con?
dition is made to go with the gas and
temperature analyses. Then if the
-?aimai is intended for beef it is killed
?md sample? of its flesh, bloc ? and
-warions organs are put through a most
careful series of analyses. If it is
?fer the pnrpose of improving the milk
er butter supplies these products are
bested and the results tabulated.
Brooklyn Eagle.
Gillis Fails to Get Bail.
X?amden, June ll.-J. E. Gillis,
?bo has been confined in the county
jail bere for the killing of McRae
^Whitaker, made application before
Judge K. C. Watts for bail wbi^h was
aefased. The elder Gillis, who is held
es an accessory, was granted bail in
tb* sum of $4,000.
Another Rockefeller Monopoly.
New York, June 12 -The World to
4EDorrow will say that announcement
tiri?l soon be made of a combination of
earning interests of America with John
5>. Rockefeller at its head. The capi?
tal of the merged companies, it is
said, will be $2,500,000,000 and the
"purpose is to control tbe mineral oat
put of the United States with the pos?
sible exception cf the Calumet and
Alecia copper mines in Michigan.
Senator Clark's united Verde and
-Montana properties and those of F.
Augustus Heinze in Montana are said
-io be included, a? are also the princi?
pal mining companies of Colorado,
TTtnh and California.
Mr. Rockefeller and his associates
already control the Amalgamated
Copper Mining company.
Constantinople, June 13.-It is re
poted here on thoroughly reliablegau
bority that Turks have destroyed
tbitry-seven villages and massaced
two thousand Armenian Christians
wfoaia the past ten days. It hts been
emoted recently that Abdul Hamid
bad issued secret orders for the exter?
na?* aatioa of the Armenians. -
Destruction ^of Farms in the
Arkansas Valley- - -Growing
Crops Swept Away.
Little Rock, T Ark., June IL-A
special to the Gazette from Pine Blt ff
says: The flocd in the Arkansas riv=r
today reached by far its most destruc?
tive stage in Jefferson county "when
part of the Frenchtown levee, abo at
three miles below the city, broke and
turned the river through a rich sec?
tion of the country filled with groov?
ing cops of cotton and corn.
Since the water began to rise the
planters in that section have be^n
working day and night to save tris
important levee because it protects
the rich bottom lands for miles belo N.
Late Friday afternoon a telephone
message was received in this city frcm
those working to save the Frenchtown
levee that if the water rose mush
higher the levee would break. Ma ay
thousands of sacks of sand were sent
down at once on a special freight a 3d
scores of men went down'to assist in
the work. The men worked all night
lone, but the rising water swept away
their labors and about 3 o'clock the
levee broke.
The rush of the water could be heard
in this city. The breaking of this
levee gives the water a clean sweep
over the southern portion of the coun?
ty through the townships of Vaugine,
Victoria and Richland, and the plant?
ations in its wake are unprotected.
The farms of Dr. J. F. Simmons,
J. W. Corcoran, Sebastian Geeister,
Leo Andrews, James Gould and othors
were among those which suffered most
The damage to these plantations
cannot be estimated under hundreds
of thousands of dollars as growing
crops of cotton and corn were litera Hy
swept away.
At Fairfield, this county, the wai er
stands from four to sis feet deep Dn
all the farms around the town. AmoDg
the list of sufferers in that neighbor?
hood whose losses will be total s re
Sd. Manuel, Tom Brown and othe::s.
Killed His Father With Naked Fists
-Nova Scotian Giants Locked
Doors and Fought.
Halifax, N. S. June 12.-Word was
received -here today of a bare fist fight
during the night at Glace Bay, C. B.,
in which a father was literally pound?
ed to death by his son. The princi?
pals,** Bully" McRae and his son Jack
are men of giant physique and knovrn
throughout the cape for their fighting
abilities. Both are over six feet in
height and weigh 225 pounds.
They met in a barroom and quarrell?
ed over money matters. When inter?
ference was attempted the Scotchman
drovo the other occupants of the saloon
from the place and, locking the doois,
[fought foran hour and until the elder
?McRae was dead.
The police finally effected an en?
trance to the barroom and placed Jack
McRae under arrest. .
The dead man's face had been ba t?
tered to a jelly, his ribs broken and j
chest crushed in." The younger Mc?
Rae was frightfully injured.
To Use Wireless Telegraphy.
Memphis, Tenn., June 12.-A local
paper publishes an interview with o ie
of the proprietors of a poolroom heie,
which has been closed, in which lie
says the place will be reopened Moa
day anr~ that wireless telegraphy wi ll
be used to transmit the results.
After this announcement it was
learned that a representative of the
wireless company was in the city and
that bis visit was to make arrange?
ments to erect masts and install in?
struments at this place ss a station : n
the circuit which the company pro?
poses to build. He said that the com?
pany would make arrangements for a
line from St. Louis to New Orleans
and tbat stations would be located nt
Cairo, Memphis, Helena, Greenville,
Vicksburg, Natchez, and New Or?
Fought Over School Election.
Waco, Tex., June H.-As a result
of friction over the selection"*" of
a teacher for a public school at Elk, a
small town ten miles north of Wacs,
a bloody street doel was fought here
today by R. B. Torrence, his so:i,
River Torrence, and J. McAden, a
son-in-law, on one side and Dr. Hel?
ton, his 6on and Prof. G. W. Perkins
on the other.
Bad feeling had existed for some
time over the matter and firing begrn
when the men met today. The eld^r
Torrence was killed almost, instantly,
bis body being riddled with bullets.
Dr. Holton and his son received dan?
gerous woUDds and Prof. Perkins ar d
Rivers Torrence were seriously in?
jured. McAden escaped uninjared.
Shotguns and revolvers were tiie
weapons used by the participants, all
of whom are prominent.
Sing Sing, June 13.-Oscar Bergs?
trom, wife murderer, and Albert
Koepping, sentenced for the murder
of Jonh Martine, of- Port Jarvis, we :e
electrocuted hers this morning. Koep?
ping stated that a woman committed
tho crime for love of him, but th;it
he was willing to die.
It is reported in Pittsburg th it
Senator Quay, a day or two before
his death, sent word to President
Roosevelt, through ex-Senator Don
Cameran that it was a great mistake
to make Secretar* Cortelyou national
chairman. ' "The coming campaign,"
hs is quoted as saying, "will bo a
hard one, Don-one of the hardest i
fights in the history of the Republican
party. The opposition is strong and
it may grow stronger, and on this
account the new chairman sh?uld be
a man who has had the greatest politi?
cal experience that it is possible to ob- j
Nashville, Tenn., June 12.- For the
first time in the history of Vanderbilt
University young lady students heiid
the honor list. Miss Roberts DuBose, ;'
of Nashville, bas won the founders' j
ire lal tor the highest general average, !
while the Owen medal for the higher, j
average in mathematics gee; to Rfi?s
Lt c\Beil Ross, also of Nashville.
Deported Men Not Allowed to
Enter Kansas-Abandoned With?
out Food or Water.
Denver, Col., Jane ll.-A special
to The Post from Holly, Co., says:
With a parting volley of rifle bullets
fired over their heads by the militia
and deputies to warn them to hurry
eastward as fast as their lega could
carry them and nevtr again to set foot
on Colorado soil, 91 union miners
from the Cripple Creek ditrict were,
unloaded from a special Santa Fe
train on the prairie today, one-half
mile from the Colorado-Kansas State
line and left shift for themselves.
When the special train bearing the
deported men was within half a mile
of the Kanass line it was stopped by
Sheriff Brady of Hamilton connty and
40 deputies, who notified Lieut. Cole
that under no circumstances would the
train be allowed to cross the Kansas
line and further that the deported men
were not wanted in Kansas. Lieut.
Cole assured the sheriff that the trpin
would proceed no further. Then the
order to quit the train was given in a
hurry. Sheriff Brady called for the
leaders of the unionists and notified
them that they must not c 2ss the
Kansas line.
The exiles we^e disembarked in
baste and without ceremony.
"Hurry up there, you fellows,"
cried Lieut. Cole, when the train
stopped in the midst of the alkali sand
dunes that the prairie consists of near
the Kansas line, "we haven't got any
fcime'to waste oat here."
The special train had no fooner
come to a standstill when the car
doors were unlocked and thrown open
and the order given by Lieut. Cole for
the exiles to leave the train.
"Step lively, yon fellows. Step live?
ly," admonished Deputy Benton, who
was in command of the civil force of
the expedition, and in less time than
it takes to tell it the three cars were
emptied of their unforunate and un?
willing passengers and had started
back to La Junta. The men were left
on the prairie, without food or water,
for the soldiers and deputies, in their
haste to get home had forgotten to un?
load the stock of commissary supplies
the train carried when it left Victor.
The exiles were a cheerless lot in?
deed. Without even a light and miles
from the nearest habitation, they hud?
dled together in groups on either side
of the Santa Fe track and discussed
their plight. Sheriff Jack Brady and
his deputies were on hand to prevent
the deported men from remaining in
Kansas. Warned by the Kansas au?
thorities that they would not be allow?
ed to seek refuge in the State the
spirit of the men broke Many of
them finally walked back on the rail?
road track to Holly, where they were
furnished food by the big Salvation
Army station there.
Cripple Creek, Col, June H.-Gen.
Sherman Bell made the followine
statement for publication :
"I have indispuatble evidence which
will lead to the conviction of a~ num?
ber of union men for the murder of
non-union miners who were killed in
the Independence depot explosion.
We have betwen 35 and 40 men in the
bull pen who will swing for this
crime. We are only waiting to cap?
ture two or three more men before we
tell what our evidence is."
Congressman Scarborough An?
nounces His Retirement From
the Race for Re-election.
Conway, June 13.-A sensation was
created this evening when Congress?
man Scarborough authorized the an?
nouncement of his unqualified with?
drawal of his candidacy to succeed
himself in Congress. This news will
be received throughout the district
with surprise ; in fact, .it comes as a
thunderclap from a clear sky to those
who did not know of conditions and
movements pending. There has been
no doubt among his friends about his
reelection, nor did Congressman Scar?
borough doubt it himself. However,
he has watched with interest, grow?
ing greater day by dav, the marvellous
future of this region as it unfolded.
He has slowly come to the conclusion
that it is worth all of any man's time
to devote it to the great trucking
movement now in force. It is the best
evidence yet furnished of what lies in
this region that Congressman Scarbor?
ough was willing to give up his place
in Congress to aid in pushing forward
the immigration movement. He is on
the spot and he knows. The opportu?
nity is too great to per.nit of delay.
A Desperado at Bay.
Rome, Ga., June 13.-Jack Bone,
the slayer of Z. T. Hall, has been
located in the fastness of Rock Moun?
tain, in the upper part of this county.
He has provisions sufficient to last
a week, and is heavily armed and has
a big supply of ammunition. Bone is
said to be a half-witted fellow and of
a desperate character. He has sworn
never to be taken alive, and those
who know him believe that it is no
idle boast. A posse with Winchesters
has surrouded the locality, and is pre?
pared for a siege. Bone is so situated
as to prevent a surprise, and he could
do deadly execution if any attempt
should be made to rush his position,
as Rock Mountain is a remote and
isolated spot. News from there trav?
els slowly.
In England, where the judges wear
wigs and robes, unconventional legal
proceedings are not expected, bat the
papers tell of county court being held
on a train. A case before Horatio
Lloyd, a county judge, was unfinished,
when he had to catch a train to Ches?
ter. It was deciaed to continue ibo
case on the train. A first class car?
riage was- secured, and although it
was not reserved, the tribunal was not
disturbed by any gossipy traveler
dropping in to take part in the. con?
versation. The distance to Chester
was cut into two equal parts, and
one barrister spoke the first seven
miles, the other having the remain?
ing seven.
The hammock season has arrived.
A large stock to select from at Osteen's
Book Store.
Fittings new throughout. Finest Strand on the
Atlantic 5eaboard===Nearly Forty Miles Long and situ=
ated in the Curve of Long Bay.
The Management has spared no Expense to make
riyrtle Beach Up=to=date and Thoroughly Attractive.
The Surf is admittedly the Finest yet Discovered
on the Atlantic, and one of the few that has no Under=
Mosquitos and and saodflies are unknown.
The Hotel is situated on a hill and on the
Mainland and is swept by breezes all Sum?
mer long.
Purest Artesian water from a well nearly
450 feet deep. The flow is strong enough to
send water to the second story of the building.
Many ausements have been put in-such
as Bowling Alley, Dance Pavilion, Pool
Room, Reading Room.
The Bathing Houses are new and alright
every way-large and airy. The Cuisine is
remodelled and this department is under the
immediate supervision of our Mr. Tennille,
who has had years of experience in this line.
We furnish all the well known sea foods-?
Crab, Shrimp, Fish, Oysters, Turtle and
Clams-in season.
Telegraph and Telephone Service from Hotel. Rates are
Low and all Particulars flay be Had of
FREEMAN & TENNILLE, Proprietors,
Myrtle Beach, S. C.
Revelations of Agricultural De
partment's Report for 1903.
Washington, June 12.-The destruc?
tion wrought on crops by countless
plant enemies throughout the country
is revealed by a report issued by the
department of agriculture on "Plant
Diseases in 1903."
It shows that the coffee leaf blight
has accidentally been introduced into
Puerto Rico and measures are being
taken to stamp it out.
The tomato blight bas practically
ruined the tomato crop of Puerto Rico
and potato root rot has caused a loss
of nearly the entire potato crop.
The cotton rootrot in Texas prevail?
ed to a greater extent than for mauy
years, the loss being estimated at
about $2,000,000.
Anthractnose has been generally pre?
valent from North Carolina to Georgia
and locally injurious, especially to
sea island cotton in south Georgia. ,
Wilt continues to spread slowly and j
now occurs in limited areas in North '.
Carolina and South Carolina and is
widely prevalent in South Georgia and ;
southeastern Alabama, in connection
with root rot. Rust occurred as usual j
on the poorer soils and was unusually ?
severe in Texas.
The potato blight and rot caused
widespread destruction, being espe- j
cially enormous in New York, Penn- i
svlvania, eastern Ohio, Michigan and J
The damage is estimated at $30,0C0,
000 for the season in New York alone.
The black rot of grape was more gen?
eral in Connecticut and Rhode Island,
the loss being 40 per cent. The de?
partment is obtaining promising re?
sults in its efforts to discover a resist?
ant vine. Die-back among the citrus
fruit diseases in Florida is less de?
structive than before 1903. Rice blast
occurred in the Cooper river section of
South Carolina, where the crop was
over 100,000 bushels short. The loss
from the spread of this disease in the
past six years is estimated at $1,000,
Watermelon wilt is spreading in the
south and cantaloupe leaf blight was
injurious, especially in the south, the
loss in Floria being 40 per cent. To?
mato bacterial wilt was found in Con?
necticut and it was serious in New
Jersey and Maryland and wiespiead in
the south. The fusarium wilt in Flor?
ida caused a loss of $500,000 and large
areas^of land also had to be thrown
out of cultivation.
Cucumber downy mildew caused
large losses in Florida and the tiuck
ing section near Charleston, where the
estimated loss was S100,(XX).
Ihe bitter rot of apples has been
wiaespread and included Virginia, tho
Carolinas and Georga.
lu the south pear blight is universal
and little effort is made to control if.
" here was an epidemic ot pear leaf
blight that defoliated trees from Mary?
land southward.
firown rot was very destructive to
southern peaches, the loss amounting
to from 35 to GO per cent, of the crop
in Georgia. Peach-leaf curl seems to
cause immense losses each year in
spite of the ease of controlling it by a
Single spraying.
The department in a report on the
principal injurions insects cf 1903 says
the calendar year showed smaller
losses than in macy years. Certain
nests caused great in juryman limited
localities and several new insect ene?
mies of crops were discoveed. ' The
Mexican cotton boll weevil which
spread into Louisiana is stamped as
the most important insect pest of the
present time.
Several species of insects, as a rule
more destructive in the south but
which until recently have been very
troublesome northward, have nearly
died out in the north in past years,
the list including tbe Harlequin cab?
bage bug, cabbage looper, corn-stalk
borers, fall army worms and others.
This, however, cannot be said of all
Special by Ware & Leland's
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9 79
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J uly,
Opening. Closing.
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81 3
80 2
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39 6
32 4
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12. GO
Double Murder in Saluda.
Batesburg, June 13.-Another killing
in Saluda county is to be reported.
Last Saturday Nathan Truesdale and
Richard Truesdale, both colored,
were attacked by Russell McCormick,
Leon Miller and Joe Miller, white.
Richard Truesdale was shot and in
stantly killed by the Miller boys,
while Nathan was painfuly wounded
on the wrist by a club in ibo hands of
Rassel! McComick. From what can
be gathered there was no provocation
on the part of tne negroes for the at?
tack on them by the white men. The
killing took phire cn the Mount Will?
ing road, in Salada County.
Mexico City, June 12.-For several
days subterranean noises have been
heard at various points in the State
of Jalisco. Sharp shocks of earth?
quake have been reported from Col?
ima. No serious damage bas thus tar
been reported. Slight earthquake
shocks are also reported in the States
of Guerrero and Chapas.
Clemson College Scholarships.
All applicants for these scholarships
will apply to the County Superintend?
ents of Education, who will give full
information concerning the terms of
the law and the conditions required for
entrance to the College.
The examinations will be held early
in July-before the County Boards of
Education. P. H. Mell, President. !
The News and Courier received this
announcement yesterday with the fol?
lowing request from th3 President of
Clemson College :
"I send you enclosed an item in ref?
erence to the Agricultural Scholar?
ships established by the last Legisla?
ture for the benefit of poor boys who
wish to get an education at Clemson:
College. Please insert this at once in
the local column in the next edition
of your paper and send the bill to this
office if yon are not willing to insert
it as a free item."
We print the "item" in this con?
spicuous way without charge because
it abords a proper subject for news?
paper comment. There bas recently
been considerable discussion in some
of the newspapers of the State about
the method adopted by President
Johnson in advertising the Winthrop
Normal and Industrial College, and
now comes this request from President
Mell of Clemson College, an institu?
tion which has more money than ail
the other State collezes pat together;
so much money in fact that it has been
necessary to establish special Agricul?
tural scholarships to get rid of some
of it.
Clemson Coiieee is fully able to pay
for all the advertising it receives from
tbe newspapers, and to pav the full
card rates of the newspaper without
any discount whatever, and this much
it seems to us it ought to do in ordi?
nary fairness, in view of the fact that
no institution of learning ever estab?
lished in South Carolina has received
so n?uch favor at the hands of the
newspapers of the State. This service
to Clemson College was most cheerful?
ly performed by the newspapers be?
cause they felt it to be their duty to
the public to aid iu the development
of this great institution of learning;
but we submit that business is busi?
ness and that there is no better reason
why the newspapers should be request?
ed to publish a straight advertisement
as a "free item" than why Clemson
College itself should be requested or
expected to furnish board and tuition
to any deserving young man who might
present himself for matriculation
whether he has complied with the
rules or admission to the institution cr
not.-News and Courier.
Lawrenceville, Ga, Jnne 13.-In a
free fight at Brands Spring, near tte
Walton County line, in Gwinnett
County, near Logansville, on Sundey
morning, Bert Smith shot at his a: -
tagonist James Weathers, and, mik?
ing his aim, killed John L. Smitr,
a prominent citizen of Gwinneit
County. Smith and Weathers fougl.t
with fist, both being knocked down
twice, when Line Braswell came to
the aid of Weathers. At this point
Smith drew his pistol and shot, kill
ing tbe by-stander, John L. Snrtr>.
his step-grandfather. Smith fled at
once. tma?i

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