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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 03, 1906, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1906-01-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN", Established April, 1850.
'Be Jost and Fear not-Let all the ends Thon Aims't at be thy Country's, Tay God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jane, 186ft'
olidated Lug. 2,1881.
New Series-Vol. XXY. No 25.
to. .the -spigs^d. .rass^?nce- rei>-: j
ra New Orlg??fiS last simmer. - . ":;
tr. W??Haxas^^s mader"an exhaust
stucy of th^vsTibj?et :^id is con
Ked. no sound argapt?nt can be
aght agaiBst the.-'proposed, pro- j
mme>. that, the - only opposition to
nil come from people who S/> not
.^rstand ths importance" of the
?quito .dogma and the urgent "ne-.
l?ty for many radical changes tn
methods of fighting the disease as
wrt- by- recent- discoveries and ex
ieaces. Sr.rge?? White actually i n
?d'??all yellow fever victims outsid/?^8
Bfey Orleans who pouid hot . get
per treatment at home to urne to
.v-Orleans. <and more than.o;^ hun- j
d came IXL were treated in .^e NewJ?
eans hospitals -under /'the, new j
Sheds"and ia no case did??^second- !
infection -develop . .; fro?&:'..%ny fot- '
m. Dr. White / says 'this agajn,
..ves?'/?he. correctness ; o? the - mosquil*J
$0gB& oftransmission, fox. it shows j
gflraei^the 'health authorities have j
^wited^ of "a case of fever and see
? ii. i^:pr0-7>fcriy. sereebed no on? else -
^ contract. ;.the>.?.disease from that j
Ov*-- ... hundreds, ..-of non-Immune j
-ses ?srea in the N?ew Orleans fever]
?pit?is-, for : two months and not one fl
them ??3 the fever-but then, not ?
> of thea was stung by a; mosquito ?
ring that time,^he?ng in screened ?
;pitals. The educational work
ie by the, Marine Hospital, surgeons I
; been far reaching, and it is hop- I
that this, important work which I
i eventually prove the bulwark of I
.^.$out'h's defense against yellow I
er "will he provided^ for by the
B&it congress, for through educa- I
alone can '.'every city, town, ham
Kgt?5. State in, the-South be brought
arropar ree?attion of the import- I
S^o?-proper health lawsvand the ?
ir|xer enforcement of them. j
C. Commander, of - Florence,
.barns, three mules and a
:?f coxi&?h.? forage by fire;
^^iing. ^ ' - '.:.//?' *
Brock. .-shot and kjjled Starr
pSes- at Arthur. Richland court
T?'?Siir.-fiay^ They were gambling
feat \r.t& a. fight.'
Union. Cotton Mili Company, of
?.has'hied' claims in the'United
tr:et;epurt against che Union,
'X?U 'fer $#HOt'0:
??r%x;^^3^t*'ria?Th^y.;. ;w?l5?4'
^? ^e'^s?id to be entirely harmless
to, man and ' -beast.' They are to be.
uie3>^ of the cotton
plant. . i,^^ y ._'--? y-':V' :.'H".'-.i '
<v'The first method'-/ of distributing
practically-pure cultures of.nitrogen
fixing bacteria dried on cotton has not
proved entirely satisfactory, owing^ to
varying conditions of air during tran- ]
sit in the mails, and to certain- mat-]
ters connected with laboratory tech-f
hi que. While the number of unsuc?
cessful attempts^ secure innoculation
by* users of cotton cultures sent out by
the department is small, ; it -has been
recognised that the methods of pre?
paring 'the-; organisms and distributing
th?m Were open to improvement.. In?
vestigations have been under, way for
some time with, a view to improving,
the'methods followed", and\s a;result,
the,-department is how prepared to
send out -bactcrio^ogic^ily pure .cul-,
tures in small .tubes hermetically
sealed. _
The experiment carded' on by the
department have " demonstrated the
fact tht by'the proper care of .practi?
cally pure cultures, the, nodule-form?
ing bacteria are actually carried, into
the soil. These bacteria are a?jie^irp
form root nodules, and' where other
conditions are favorable the inocula?
tion thus brought about makes possi?
ble the growth of a legume lr. soils
where it had failed previously for lack
of bacteria. The original culture*
used, however, must be prepared with
the utmost care and with a view to?
wards preserving or increasing- their
natural power of nitrogen fixation
rather than merely to make them
grow under .favorable conditions.
The bacteria^ are capable of making
up for a deficiency of soil nitrogen,
and the department - will send full in?
structions to any one desiring to make
the experiment^ with them.
It is theK belief of the department ;
that if the. eotkon seed to be planted
are treated'liberally to a test'of the
treatment which is shortly to be sent
out, that much benefit: will be'derived,
roy the soil inW which th? seed are.put!
and consequently, . a better and health?
ier crop of'cotton. . /
A negro man was shot from am?
bush on the public road near,Leo post
office, Williamsburg county. last
Thursday and thrown into a ditch. P?e
was found some hours afterwards^,si|Il.
alive. The affair ;js a mystery.
r iiiilil
Wm?_ Joas "D'Arc Was ia tile 1M\
of ik Biog?jr' FigMing.
me" Uprising WasV Stamped Oat With
"Heavx Ix^ of Iiife and tJ0e;Goverr?>j^
. viaent ?o\v Claims That;^eJJ5?s&rr'
erection; is- atEnd..
St;- PetersburgsJanuary ?.-The .Hefg
i)??t|?in?ry;! society - has: issued a xflac^
:-he failure of j^;^S<^n^:^4^g???f
aaa been decided ito refr^in.'from" or-,
gering ?.a;;general, insurrectioii / at the" j
^ginning of the New - Year. Such a
rev^it/it. 3s explained, might." int^mi
SaTte &e ignorant .and timid portion of
a^^bp.ulation. i
ali-precautions- looking to ?e?iing -with i
t^r^i^ vQfrrepressih the most vig- ,
^^s.fma.nner any- preparations made
b^'in?tirrecUoniste for an uprising: JEt; /
is; expected that with:the crushing o?
ineVTevolt at Moscow" many of .the rev?
olutionises who- too^'an active part in
the :;?prisl^. there vv^l -ilee 'to -St.- Pe-'- ;
??tsbuf?^. .The- ^gov?t?iment officials,'
however*"/declare-.- that 'they ; . have ..no
fear '.? o^fthese ?rerfege?s^vill -be .ab|e to, '
Stair? an insurrection h??c, because the
j^rj^'idw^iat^aso^tapi?ti;^- <: by
^?ops. ;- ;
'-* T5i? 'news ;which arrive^i?^^; ^iOTrt"
^s^.tv^^^Srm^.. 'the-1 leuriier" r?port :
ten iT?gJ???T'' th> . stain pfagy'?fyty^; tfe?' ' re - v
&n"}n ;.thai- ;city thatithe putting ;
down ;o?..the>^
^tft^i?^^^^^^a^t?^v^--.. ..''-..^
o?n'tio'har^ . day?
of n'ghtirig -^^^^^^^^j;yea-r old
gj^^^ .
t -, . '.. r~~ - j f-. ": ? ?2
:.- "Abbeville, . Deccmte*; 28.-A;;rfegroV !
?asfc-: night attem^d"; ^ . assault Mrs.
^^tt Hbammond ..pn^::.Ma^a2?%?istre^t..
Mrs? Hammond wag at the fiske alone
at^iome; About 6 o'clock ^heywasjit- -
tra'cted - by ' some one opening-' a win?
dow blind to -her room. ' She saw a
negro trying. to enter her room ' - ?nd
immediately rang the phdtne .for a. po- .
liceman. "
" The negro coolly told her/as he was
attempting to raise the window sash,
that it would' be too late when any one
came to help her. '
Mrs., Hammond ran .into ' the ft-'ont
yard, and by screams gaye an alarm
to her "-next door neighbor. . Her
screams were' heard- by her husband"
who -. .*' ''^wtwrning^home earlier than
usual, and. he hastened to her assist?
ance. HP arrived just, in time tc see
the negro jump over the^ back yard
fence and run away.
. Mr. Hammond fired his pistol at
the fleeing negro, bu" without effect,
as it w-as too dark for him to see.
bloodhounds were put on-the trail,.
but it . could not be folowed further
than the Southern depot, #here there
is much traveling. \ There', is little clue
as ta who the guilty-negro, is, but it is
very probable' that it was. some one
.well acquainted with Mr. Hammond's
movements, as he attempted, to enter
-the house*at-.a tim'eywhen Mr..Ham?
mond is almost'invariably absent.. This
was one.-of the boldest- attempts, at
crime ever known here. It was short?
ly after-" dark and one o? the most
thickly-.settled streets in . town.-An?
State Board of Canvassers Declare
Recent Brice Law Election Null
and Void.
Columbia, December 30. - The
State board of canvassers , today .de-j
dared the dispenasry flection in Wil?
liamsburg null and void on account of
various inregularities. Williamsburg
voted out the dispensan*.
Orangeburg. December 29.-Dr. J.
A. Clifton left. Orangeburg a few days
ago for Marion, where he_wiil makt
his home. For the past four years
Dr. Clifton has been the pastor of St.
Paul's M. E. Church, in this ci'y. ana
during that time he has endeared him?
self .to all of the citizens, irresjgg?ye
of church affiliation. It is the x~:-:rr \\
regret that ho has to leave by i
of his -church, and make ,
elsewhere:_. Orangeburg's lcg?
Marions gain, and Dr. -Ci'C'
eitizen will vprove an '.acqt&--i^4^%;
tire Pee-Dee ^ity.
?t?a&i?ht ?^d?&iars'.in Convention m
?:: Cpliit??a^^u?atioi^l'' Topics ot p
^?December ': 28.-The ?As- j
l^^^vCity ' ,S?ho ol ; Sup-arint en d-'|;
5nt4i^??. :v?v -th? rooms of ' Wright's. '
^p^at". 5iz? : o'clock yesterday after
&pon.> v.T^e'^ffl?eting.>was called to orr
$??r: . by "President.^?L. T; Baker, super
' tendent of ?.the Mount. Zion'Tnstitute
it Winnsboro.
.---President; OBaker,: made . hisj annual
??df ess. oh the -.subject of ,^The JD?vel
jg.ment of .the. High School,''' whicn
w^[l}si4n??:t6. with much interest. . g
^Pre^ent-Henry % Snyder of Wof
?ord/?ol^?^rea4. a paper on ''-English
in -the; ^ he out
fined, a course- of -study in this, sub-;
j??t.^and %gave;V?n^^toter?sting sug?
gestions ^ic^lth? ^English work in-the
public high schools. . :.
. The- subject of. "-g?tions of High
S^h^?te t?>: ?oHeges" was discussed by
Superintehdehi^;'P^iikv' Evans of the
/'..-.?^r?si4eut^ Baker. a?pohite/d the fol-j.
lowing^ committee'. ' jt?c nominations-:'
Superintendent'.. Henry P. Archer of:]
Charlestons^ R: "M. Kennedy of Cam?
den; "anj?; it : J. Thackston of Orange
burg. :
?V;The ^meeting adjourned jat 7 p.m. }"
to meet- agamJthis morning, - .
At :^:3^Sojclock.' the city ?uperin
tend?m^Tj^ined- the county s?perin-.
t?ti^ni?^ i??ucation.:at a meeting to
be -ad^ S. Stew-.'
af* r-0^^bM;^p^!&?^s$pi .Georgia, the^
high'.^sc^ State of i
Georgia. .
. The . subject-i -for discussion at the
meeting thi^'^n^niing:. ' "Our College
Entrance-. -B^uifemehts,' -in ?at?n ..and '{.
Greek,'*." by. Principal '^W. \ P. Mitlsi of
Camden.. . V
Mathematic^** -by - Prof. E. C. Mc
Cants of Anderson. -
..^t.^^^^ejs^uld formal. Edu?
cation Be^;;?by Superintendent ? -H.
addr?'ss^is?gi^n .:?n--;fui?'?n'ain0^r. "eo?
:d.*. The-'schooi' men-' present repr?r
s'ent_.SSI- teachers.and 29,7Si" pupils;- {
The ?oqjity Sup?rinteridents. ?I
The-; County Superintendents'- Asso- j
??a?ion met in. the -senate, chamber
last ' night* and had a vei-y^ -enj?ya^Ie j
session. There -were present the ( su-'
.perit?endeiits of educatibnof ,37.coun?
ties and a number ot visitors, includ?
ing several ; members of':tne>; State
board' bf education. Hon. ?. 'B. Mar?
tin, State superintendent of education, j
presided and' delivered an address on j
educational 'conditions in this estate,
which address was very'much enjoyed.
?Mr. Martin devoted himself particu?
larly to' the educational .progress of
the State and in the StateSgk the last
12 months and in his^^OT^?was par?
ticularly enthusiastic;:iiV;-;r^^rd to the
forward, m1>vemejV';%v?i.,^'f
"The Best. Method ; of Handling
Text Books" was discussed by Supt.
D. L. Stevenson, of Fairfield and Sup?*
A. H Gasque bf Florence. A number
of other teachers and superintendents
took ia rt in the discussion ? of these,
carefully prepared, papers, i*
.The association re-elected its offi?
cers. ;'0. B. Martt?? president; E. B,
Wali?ce, vice president, and J. A.
Carroll oi York,; secretary and ?r?as
? ? i
As was announced last night there
was ? general change in' the pro?
gramme for today. Professor Jos. S.
Stewart, professor of secondary edu?
cation in the University of Georgia
arrived on a late train last night and
reported that he must leave the city
today&at noon for Athens, Ga., to at?
tend to executive duties there dh ?c
count -pf the extreme illness of the
chancellor of the University, Hon.
Walter Hill, LL. D., one of 'the fore?
most educators in the South and a
man universally beloved in Georgia.
On account of Professor Stewa::'s
"hurried departure, the hour for meet- I
ing this morning was changed to 9:20
lin the hall of the House of Repre?
sentatives., i
'. JW
The following was the programme
of the exercises today at the rrieting
of the county superintendents:
"Some Needed Changes in. the
School Law," Superirj&^eirt J. R
Williams of Marion :.?3^&?b?ndent
B. F. Sample of Sj
"Some Neede
School Work,'
Wallace of
l?-d3y 'Rivers
.nv :<> Sy
At What Age Should .-P?pifc?e :~Flrstr;
. Admitted Into Our1 Schools? ?
" Address cf S. H. Edmunds, Supt.
??ty Schools of Sumter. '-.
';- This /body'of .superintendents .?meets-.'
LEO m. year, to year; *-?ot only to discuss/
Ihose -questions whose .so?ntton/-ma?j|
prove mtitually^beneficial; but'also to
iec'are itself upon those educational
doctrines which may. become a partiof..
:he ^creeds' /for which/we may stander
?ifis.is-iot a l?gislative body, but if its
nflu'ence fails to affect . legislation in.
>o far as^. such, legislation may pertain
:o education, our association does not
;ome tip to; its responsibility! or ?xe.r-;
2ise/a right to which it is . justly en-.
rifled; A question of vital importance
^^ott^jj^^^^i^. this ; body of SU'T .
perintendents has. never' declared itself ;;
? .the'earliest' age . at which pupils
should be admitted ; into / our public
schools.. The state law says, that this;
ige shall- be. six, and; as. lon g a-s thfe>
law remains of course there; - is no
question ; but need it remain six- al-;' :
?rays? Is if. the jndgment of the'su?
perintendent's here ass?mgted that six
fears'otage is the best.age at which
pupils should he admitted, .into our
schools ? As the conditions: hoy exist',
cur pupils enter at six" and complete
the full course/ prescribed' m otir
schools at seventeen. ? believe thaii^.
of the pupils, shou?.d enter at' eight, -
they could complete the course- in-'
nine. instead of in eleven years I be?
lieve- that .the work that it now'takes
two yea.'^to ;do in the -first gradetco?v
?e/as' :?ri?;r.?ugh-Iy . completed, .in* .one"
pear^andi^rj-otlver year would be-made
ap. " between - /. the; second arid ~ -sixth -
grades." :. Thus./a- pupil ;-/entering^ "at:
eight would/d^o. .in fiye^years; the .-? same
amount >^^^ji^??s-/ is-vnqw do?ean
seven' yea^^?^he/pu"pils do not begin
to ieave/s^'^?? "any"."great numbers-;
before.^r^<?0^i::&- "high\ school/' ??*d".
?^^:j^^^^i^^p?}d be. done th >sc
who h^^?^-^'^i?yilese"ox remain-,
mg ; in sch"o^^^t??.'.'th.?: fnll/ course 0.
completed:- //.
".' As Uie^a-^'no'w.fsfarrds.'tt is our'diily
to. adinif: the "pupj^.-attthte-. age of''sixv
Many-pf .us realjzing< ..-the d isa elvan-.
t^es/under '-' A>iiicV'/ t-he. pupils -/a ?. ?.-;
g&ce-d; S scSf^-at^?^ar?y/age; e a vc '
^b/3t^|^g^-oj?r:/^urefe -of. study'as 'til
|?^^n/^?Vevils ? "that ; might- result i o
|he"^prysical and'-,mental .conditions : of
tne p'?p?ls^?t . this tender : age. We'
l^fye/^ - wfll
not be forced'-and that there are;cer?
tain, branches' of ' study in' the--higher'
grades whose.'grasp demands marun-,
ty of':mind./? Tt> ' this" end- we legih'e.nid
the period -, at, school- so that* when
these-' branches- are reached the mi.:-!
will have attained thV necessary ma?
turity! This adjustment of our course
of stu^y, the shin-t?nihg of the num?
ber of 'hours daily^St school, and-the
lengthening of the. term of years have
all resulted in a marking of time,
waiting for trie, aright age to arrive.
Some of our patrons realizing that
the majority of parents will send their
children to school at an age as early
as the school law will permit, are
forced to send their own children at
the age of six although they prefer to
have them enter for the first time at
eight. <?hese who have this prefer?
ence are forced to act contrary to
their wishes and judgment because,
they know that the schools must ad-:
just themselves to the law as it is and
not as it might be and for them to
keep their children from school jurat: )
they should have-attained the age de?
sired .would be to place them in. a'
class of pupils younger than them-.
selves. Ready as they are to proceed
it becomes necessary for* them to
mark time also; for make whatever
divisions in; a grade that may seem
to us best, it is the majoriiy of 'pupils
in a grade that at last determines its
We have in tho first division of our
first grade this year a sufficient num?
ber of pupils older than six by at
least one or two years to show us that
if all of the pupils were of that age It
would be necessary for theVn to spend"
only on?/year in that the first grade.
Why-is this true? Because we know
Lhat pupils at the age of six and sev?
en have reached one of the most crit?
ical periods of their lives. Many phy?
sicians will tell us today that teething
is not a cause of disease; but at this
period the disorders are due to a dis?
turbed nervous condition and an in*
prudent diet". Mothers will tell us
that teething itself is a direct cause
of disease. Whether the. cause be
direct or indirect the result is the
same and experience has taught us
that a teething child is to be guarani
with the tenderest care. At about the
age of'five these first teeth begin to
disappear and new ones take their
places. t This second period continues
for a year or..two so iftnl at th?/?ge
of six children arc culling thei>-;p-cr
m?nont teeth. -\ condition; of . ner
vous restessness results and confine-*.:
men? in the school room, however/; j
:arefuiy all precautions may be taken -
tb "make.ihis'.-c?rjo%?&r&:'?i?rire& from :
-injury as possit?-?:,- is .n?t^best. ? . Sun- .
.shine arid \ funnest? ?f^sQ'et?^kr-^o?id
be- ih> child's' privilege ?? this "criti^T.
period. Af ;..-eign't;?iji?s / eOridition ?' has I
changed 'and from that.'time 'until '?h&~?
rigor that previ'?u^y?;-woui^
unreasonable'-""an d -un kind. '
Will a child be- the loser 'by . these-/
two" years of -.what' rsonae" may', term, en?
forced idleness? -First] let '- ns derry
the truth' of the ierm^;?nfpr?ed'idle-;-;
ness. " > Th e ' chi 1 d11 : not be - idle m?^k
there is honoree applied;. V ; ; ,
Nature the. kind o I'd-- r^u r^e *?a^l5h#~
ply -been aU?'w?d;?dt.v^^^?r^^?r^;
to take the. chil?- u^^'^^.^^??^
the. l?ssons-.^he:J^li-^^^^l^^^?^!
sinew a?drherve. that shevW|^^e.;?ur^ ;
ing th?s?additipnai :p?^ib?-^^ f??^??i^
child: :^?fte?; to receive . the;??t??^^^/
l?sson^-vtj?.?t: he must learn an^ :in ;tn^
rac'e/^f?rejhim he will run-f^t?r/?hd?
lasx/;l'^^er-byVhWing- sat .tWcvSe?^:'
mpT&'u&cfct natur?;s^l0?^^
Have you not noihz?g. oth?t/ af ter- a
.t&rte-'''tihe cfc!idr?n-:^?^e^.'^^w^^t?n^i
isii?ngly;-?rtd_ at the' e??^^e?h" ^?a? -
more .ruddy-> and str??g,:/t&ey enter-/
enter upon^the work of another school*
year-with so .much spirit and vigor as
to. do one's heart good ? There is even^.
a greater degree of-. -vigor and seager*
'n?ss^in the child, when' he first "begins.,
school even at sis. If. we could only .
keep them- at home. . until they are
eight yearsv- vof age, . the, . eagerness
would b e there, .the" vigor also, and -we
could work them'' rigorously without
doing/ri oleixcV to OU? -sense .pf what'i3*
-reasonable and right The time -would'
be' short*-', a' by two'-years, " .'the. ex- '
pectajjK.^--'. of completing^:|heir ^fullg
course "of nine years wo.Si^^fei>risht%'"
school' life would;: be : lessened /
their /whole. .iiyeV"'.perjhaps>,j^^
-and-.fuller - because/^e;^alio^^' nature
to- take her.time. / / -/: :;,
I believe -that"-a- ?p^rfec't^'i^^??C^?'?;
. - . -, ?
result of /ail; of -t?iese^?on^tU^s,. would,
"be".that";more:.-pi^as.^w?- n?dzi?^
.co.rnp?ete the :?,uli ccprt?<?-/t'h:;: :- r.-ef^li'
:x/ow^-5i^/in . the: last yeai's ol ?
'schpol. tip:. I '
I a"m^.''fo'n^':of'l??otiis^H
? . > .
who ?howe'd ?fcy.. ai*s--rema???L'-'^a<xee
. ? .. . - - . - . ... . mu
.preciati'on of a \3-e'p^ruih v -s?v
said..that an.'.'carly '.rl-:-or --is'
all the-'forenoon 'and- .i?^/lia;^
ter no on.. If we.iqr$?*
;r?y us-'back. .. She' kn
iness. If we realise ?a&C?z'i
to. "h er ,1 a Vs. y i e Ids ? ? he" U age;
is it nora^duty that.we-Jwfc*;^r-"?nr;
dren .tb give them therbene-'it e/\a le
? > ? ~ -
son that accumulated/; .?s^pte-rie?ee.'- -???'s
.taught us'./lt-tak?si>ti23^'' t?: be brief!-'
The Kcal Need.
ff Superintendent of Education 0.
B.-Martin Wants to be of real benefit
to South Carolina, we suggest that ho
drop his enmity against- the Citadel
Academy, the most useful educational
institution of the "South, forget his
university fad, and. devote himself to
the development of county high,
schools. That, is what the State needs
more than anything else-bounty'
high schools. As things go .npw, boys
are sent to Clemson, 'and the South
Carolina College, before they are "half
through their common county or
graded schools, and continue their
preparatory* courses at those- higher,.:
institutions-higher in -name-under
the idea that they are: really going '
/to ^college, when as a.?matter-of fact
they, would be doing muc^&etter in
some high grade acade^riy^t-We have
seen it stated that one-third of the '
pupils at Clemson are in" the prepara?
tory department, and that really
means that thev had better be at a
good high school if 'one^Were'available. "
It is the same way to a large, extend
with the South Carolina^ College. Both
of these institutions eve doing too
much nreparatoiy work-work that
could be done better and more satis-,
factory elsewhere, if: our educational
system were developed along proper-.
lines. It is difficult tc 'Imagine any?
thing that we need less. thalf;"a uni?
versity just nov,-. .We. can much bet?
ter afford to let ou.r.stndents who re?
quire post... graduate / courses . go- to?
other institutions . already established
and.d^ihg the righV kind- of-Work. W?v
car get along--for twenty ye?is yet .
without feeliftg the need of a univer?
sity, and w.e^HU?ot feel such, a need .
veiw stroppy even" tli?n ?nless-??- the ...
meantime-we do" much more-than WfJ
have .^?yer . done before in devV/
oi'ing.a first class '^sy^em/of ccd:i
ty high schools.. The county .Ugh
schools developed tc a proper, degree
Of efficiency will, after a while, :make
the university a neiessity.-Yor'kvillo
lter Tolan, a negro boy 16 yee rs;
old. .was struck ?m thc back of the
neck with du earthen pilcher on ;
oublie s,-- iS Edgi field S?tur??V
?by Emma illowa v. a :>--:ro- -om...:.
- & '?s* - ? "'>v'
and? instr .../.ly ki'lcd.

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