SUMTKR WATCHMAN, Eatablk
Consolidated Aug. 3.1881
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EIRTHDUIKE WLLS SCOAES.
m^W D.t.M.tCiKS IX) PROPERTY
WROVCiHT BY S1UK KS.
Wster In Rivet* and Brook?* Turn*
Hold 1*4) to lor After Tremor*?Se?
vere Shock* Near Lisbon Timm
People Into Paulo? 1 moors In the
London, July II?Special dispatches
from Athens sayu that 900 persons
were killed or Injured by an earth?
quake yesterday In the province of
Klls, In South Oreece. Damage to
property was also very great.
Hot water Is (lowing today from
many of the springs In1 the stricken
district, .while the water in the elver'
and brooks has turned a reddish col
?100 HofMto Destroyed.
Athens, July 19.?The earthquake
demolished 400 houses In the village
of Havarl. Thirty Uvea were lost at
this point and a number Injured.
Neighboring villages suffered great?
All the houses of Amalalva were
Ootasde of Havarl few Uvea were
experienced last night at
Its. a seaport, twenty-seven
northeast of Lisbon. The popu?
lation was thrown Into a panic, but
the damage was s ight.
Tv^snoe In California. ,
Santa Barbara, July II.?A sharp
eerth- tremor was felt here at 1:28
e'etock this morning.
It shook buildings, but no damage
was done so far <es known.
DAI UHTKR Or DAVIS OIKS.
?tos. J. Addison Hayna, Child of Con*
fodcsaty's President Psssss Away
At Colorado Spring*.
Colorado Springs. Col.. July 18 ?
sfrs. J. Addison Hayes, daughter of
Xdfsrson Davis, president of the Con?
federacy, died tonight at her home,
after an Illness of sis months.
Mrs. Hayes. 14 y ?srs old. was the
wife of J. Addison Hayes, president
Of the Flrat Nations Bank of Colora?
Friends throughout the country
had gained the impressions that Mrs.
I Hayes suffered from cancer, bat the
cause of her death was announced by
attending physicians as a cosnplh-a
tk>n >f dfsesses.
Mm. Hayes, ths lest of the family
of th ? only president of the Confed?
eracy after the death of her sister.
' Miss Winnie Davis, st Richmond. Vs..
made a trip through the South a few
years ego. when she was made the
"Dnuhgter of the Confederacy In her
slater's stead. Her mother, widow of
th?: southern president, died In New
York sbout two years sgo.
Mrs Hayes Is survived by two sons.
Jerfenion Davis Hayes and William
Hayes snd two daughters. Lucy Hayes
and Mra. Virginia Webb, wife of Dr.
Gerald H. Webb, of Colorado Springs
Jefferson Hayes Davis bears the name
of his grspdfsther through a special
act of ths legislature.
WILL HOLD I-AHMF.KS SCHOOL
VaOnn to Offer It* Member* In* true
lion In the < ultlvatlou and Hand?
ling of Cotton.
Little Rock, Ark.. July 18.?In an
effort to better fit Its members for
ths cultivation snd hsndllng of rotton
ths Farmers' Union will hold a six
weeks' term off school here* beginning
tomorrow, for ths purpose of in
stmctlng the members about cotton
snd mattsra closely assoclsted with
It Ths school will be for member*
of the Farmers' Union only J. AI
ston v..spp will be principe? of the
Psrhsps the good dis young, but
you can't maks all the old people
khed April, I860.
?Bo Just ar
wmif nil ketT
considered URItR from
can council as to
iiK\i;ni ( eficer.
Iiillgeitcc lltfMMOd iu Maintaining
sanitary Regi lctlon*?Invostiga
tion of Tubereulorfi ami Spitting on
Side WalkH?I'litisoil W?lls Must be
Worn Thr Daily 'Hup, July IT.
A special meetl:.g of the City
noara of Health wss held .it 6 o'clock
ytstenlny afternoon at Cliy Council
' i ,i ?. Present: "Dr. E. & Booth/
pit Mailt; Dr. F. K. :'V,m;:'i, Mr, It.
K, WiMer, Mr. Isaac -ch\vartz. Ab
:?orit: Dr. E. R. Wilson, President
. ..tli stiit -d that ho Had call, .i ii
' ting for the purpose of plaUnS
ivre the board for !t3 cor.iidemt.ion
utd disposal a letter . ol importance
fii.r.i tho C ity Council In rafctenet- i<*
th? H.-alth Officer, with stateni '
thtrtU) Intimating that he had I '
more or less neglecting his duty.
O.en had the Secretary to read the
fcllr-wing letter: ?
"Dr. E. S. Booth, Chairman Board of
Dear Sir:?At Council meeting last
night the Chairman of the Police ane"
Sanitary Committee made Inquiry
concerning the Health Officer and his
absence from duty and non-per
mance thereof. He declared that the
city needs the continuous active ser?
vice of an officer in the enforcement
of the sanitary laws of the city.
There was some dlacusslen of the
matter which resulted in the adoption
of a resolution asking your board to
secure an officer who will be diligent
and faithful to duty, and who will
devote his entire time to his office
and not engage in any other work.
C. M. HURST. Clerk."
Iif reply to this communication the
following letter was Mat to Mr.
Hurst as Clerk of Council to be sub?
mitted to Council at its next meeting:
Sumter. 8. C, Jaly If, 190?.
Mr. C. M. Hurst. Clerk:
Dear Sir:?Replying to yours of the
14th w? would respectfully state for
the Information of the City Council
that the Health Officer of the City of
Sumter was absent from his duty,
taking his ten day vacation and ten
day sick leave of absence by the con?
sent of the Board of Health, and dur?
ing his absence the President of the
Board of Health requested the detail
of a Police Officer, and by the consent
of the Chairman of the Police and
Sanitary Committee of the City Coun?
cil. Officers J. K. Brae" f#Td .and Henry
O. McKagen were detailed as health
officers and very efficiently performed
the duty of health officer during the
absence of the regular Health officer.
As to that part of your communica?
tion In reference to the Resolution
asking the Board of Health to seeare
a Health Officer who will he diligent
and faithful to duty, this board feels
that ordinarily U has a very efficient
and particularly Intelligent Health Of?
fleer, and Immediately on Its arriving
ar the conclusion that the board Is
not getting a reasonable service from
the present Health Officer it will cer?
tainly consider the securing of an?
Tours very truly,
By E. S. BOOTH,
President Board of Health.
The Health Officer was admonished
to be particularly diligent in the
maintaining of sanitary regulations as
much as possible during the present
extremely warm weather, and to
carefully Inspect all meats, fish and
other food, and to notify all meat
markets, butchers and dealers In Ash
to be careful of the quality of meat
and Ash which they offer during the
warm weather and to notify the deal?
ers in fresh meats to be careful In
bringing Into the city all fresh meats,
having the same wrapped in clean
ond sanitary covering, and brought
In vehicles which are likewise clean
and sanitary; that all meats during
ttunsportatlon from slHughter pens
and shipping points must be protect
ed with such wn.pplng from llles and
dust, and unless these -equlremcntM
he c<> piled with the board will for?
bid the sule of said meats in Sumter.
The Health Officer was Instructed to
make an inspection of all slaughter
pens outside of the city which supply
the city with fresh meats and to in
vntUate the sar. Itary condition sur
rcundlng same with a view to pro?
tecting the public health, and to In?
struct the owners of the said slaugh?
ter houses to keep the samt? In sanl
tary condition, and failure to comply
with his orders and Instructions
wruld result In the prohibiting of
meats from ?uch slaughter pens en?
tering the city.
The secretary was Instructed to
write City Council asking what action
d Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Aln
MTER. S. C WEDN
SLUMP IN COTTON,
MORE THAN TWO DOLLARS A
Dr. Hunter's Report on the Roll Wee?
vil Causes Drop in Prices?Whole
New Crop Affected.
New York, July 16.?One of the
most remarkable breaks In the his?
tory of the New York cotton market
occurred today as a result of a spe?
cial report on th boll weevil situ?
ation by the government entpmolo
gill D:\ Hunt r. At the end of the
decline, cotton for new crop delivery
was selling at $2 a bale leas than the
closing price of Thursday.
The break: wei marked by panicky
liquidation, aid excitement seldom,
equaled eNcept in times of complete
demoralisation, Within half an hour
prices declined fully 86 points and
while the market recovered a few
points t.f the ' the close was bare-*.
ly steady, th-- general nervousneei of
the trafen suggesting a thoroughly
unsettled state Of sentiment.
The d< ( line today was the clumin
't (?n of a gradually increasing lack Of
confidence in the stabilit, of prices,
which nearly reached the 13c level
earlier in the week, when the low
July condition report was received,
showing a continuation of hot dry
weather In Texas, where the crop was
supposed to be rapidly deteriorating.
Pullish interests were disappointed
that crop disaster predictions did not
create enormous demand for con?
tracts to insure future supplies. The
selling movement which started
around 12.87 for December early in
the week continued in increasing vol?
ume until at the opening this morn?
ing December was selling at 12.15.
Upon the publication of the boll
weevil statement, indicating that the
pest was less threatening this year
than last, liquidation reached record
breaking proportions and the decline
was not checked until December con?
tracts had sold at 11.92?47 points
below the closing figures.of the pre?
vious night, and 95 points ($4.75. per
'bale) below the high record of last
There was a slight recovery later,
with December eloping 12.05 bid, a
net loss of 34 points for the day.
Rumors of rains in Texas were de?
nted tonight and bulls pointed out
that the conditions which have re?
stricted the Tavages of the boll -weevil
have also been very unfavorable to
the plant in the Southwest But It is
believed that a strong bear edtque has
been formed under the leadership of
Theodore H. Price and that this
clique eaerted a strong influence on
the day*s market and will probably
remain a factor In the immediate sit?
Drought Kills Weevil*.
Dallas. Texas. July 1?.?Prof. W.
D. Hunter, the government boll wee?
vil expert, made public today a state?
ment, saying the present status ol
the weevil is not so bad as at the
same time last year. Dry weather
is destroying 50 per cent, of the wee?
The divorce courts prove that even
on fae sea of matrimony there is the
fool who rocks the boart.
The man with a chronic thirst re?
sembles a sponge, except that a
sponge isn't always dry.
Don't place too much confidence In
appearances. The fellow who is up
with the lark may have kept the lark
up all night.
had been taken regarding the passing
of an ordinance requiring physicians
to report all cases of tuberculosis,
and forbidding families wherein are
such cases from moving from one
house to another without the written
|m t mission from the Hoard of Health,
thus enabling the Health Officer to
k<ep In touch with such patients
that he might better control them
and disinfect buildings occupied by
them: Also about the ordinance
?gainst expectorating on side walks.
It was decided that a record of the
sanitary condition of the city be kept
by the Health Ofllcer, who will also
use this record of Inspection and Oth?
er work as a report to the board for
their Information and the Health
officer be provided with printed no?
tices to Inform owners and renters of
any nuisances found at any house
when there Is no one at home.
A resolution was passed requiring
all unused wells to he tilled in or
closely covered with twelve Inches of
earth in accordance with an ordi?
nance to that effect.
E. I. REARDON,
Secretary Board of Health and Health
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's
ESP AY. JULY 21. IS
"HO FUTURE CONTRACTS."
that is tup: decision or
"A Gambling Contract Risgnsod Un?
der the Form of Legitimate Busi?
ness is Nona the Less obnoxious,"
Says the Court in Reversing Ref?
eree's Holding in a Greenville Case.
Charleston, July 17.?in an opinion
Rled In the United States District
Court ydfcerday, Judge William H.
Brawley refused to allow a claim foe
??future'' contracts for cotton on the
?round that the contracts were and
arc intended to be speculative lor de?
ferred delivery of spot cotton. 'A
gambling contract disguised under
the form of legitimate business is
none the less obnoxious," says Judge
The Question came before Judg<
Brawley In the matter of Aetna Cot?
ton Mills bankrupt, ex parte Knight,
Yancey sV Co. A Claim Was" made
against the mills for about $12,000 on
cctton contracts, and being first re?
ferred to Referee Julius H. Hey ward,
the referee allowed the claim and a
petition was made to Judge Brawley
to review the order of the referee. The
cage was argued before Judge Braw?
ley, who after consideration,
reversed the referee and disallowed
Following is Judge Brawley's opin?
ion In part:
"This is a petition to review the or?
der of the referee, allowing a claim
of Knight, Yancey & Co. The claim
is for a balance alleged to be due
upon an account for losses sustained
upon certain contracts for the future
delivery of cotton. There are four
ccntracts for the sale of 250 bales
each, dated June 2, 1905, and in form
are for the sale of 250 bales of cotton
deliverable at Union, S. C, the first
being for delivery in October, the oth?
ers for delivery in November, De?
cember and January respectively, the
price being fixed at 30 points on Jan?
uary delivery in New York, the price
to^be called at buyer's option on any
day, prior to September 25, 1905, the
se\|er has the option to fix the price
within five days thereafter.
"Upon the face^of the contracts. It
is apparent that provision is made for
a speculation in cotton. By the terms
of paragraph 3, the buyer has the op?
tion on any day prior to September
25. to put the cotton to the seller at
23 3-4 points on January delivery in
New York and by paragraph 6 the
'put the call* to be repeated one or
more times at buyers' option, prior
t3 September 25, and by paragraph
7 cash settlements to be made on
each 'put* based on an average weight
of 500 pounds per bale. On these puts
and calls, Tt Is not pretended that ac?
tual cotton *was to be delivered or re?
served, and what was actually done
was what presumably was intended
to be done at the time the contracts
were made, and what in terms they
permitted to be done. That is to say
Sartor, as president of the cotton
mills, exercised his option to put this
cotton as provined in the contract
within less than a month after the
contracts were executed, and as the
result of that operation nearly $12,
000 was lost by the Aetna Company,
settled In part by payments in cash
and In part by notes given in July,
1P05, which have since been paid and
what Sartor contends was Intended to
be a settlement in full of the con?
"I am of the opinion that the pre?
ponderance of the testimony is that
these contracts were and were intend?
ed to be speculativ for deferred de?
livery of snot cotton. The fact that
the parties had actually settled dif?
ferences arising out of the 'put' trans?
action, and that the cotton to be de?
livered was not actually delivered,
tends to show that at the inception
of the contract the parties intended
to settle the differences and not deal,
in actual cotton. A gambling con?
tract disguised under the form of le?
gitimate business is none the less ob?
"It does not seem that any of the
cases referred to by the referee are
controlling here. They are based upon
contracts which differ essentially from
those now under consideration anl
the facts are different.
"I am of the opinion that the ref?
eree was in error In allowing the
claim, and his order is set aside and
the claim disallowed."
Some people couldn't make both
end! meet In an abattoir.
A pretty woman doesn't always
wear well. In fact, beauty very often
The man who Is satisfied to rest on
his laurels is generally afflicted with
Insomnia. / v
TAFT AND THE TARIFF.
PRESIDENT COMMITTED TO
Plain Talk to Protecting Republicans
?Tariff Must Come Down?Threat-1
ene<l to Veto?Taft Stands with the
Washington. July 16.?All doubt as
to where President Taft stands with
r< ^ard to the downward revision of
the tariff was swept away today,
when a statement was given out at
the White House setting forth in de?
tail what the president had to say to
the twenty-three Republican mem?
bers of congress who called to protest
against putting raw material on the
The president declares that the Re?
publican party is committed to a
Mown Ward revision; that he has nev?
er had any other idea of the Chicago
plat!" >rm, and that he, personally, has
promised a downward revision to th-?
This statement is interpreted in
some quarters here tonight as a di?
rect notification to the conferees 00
the tariff bill that, if the measure they
finally agree upon does not constitute
a material reduction in specific du?
ties, the president will veto it.
The story of the conference is out?
lined in the White House statement,
in the third person, which follows:
Mr. Young, of Michigan, opposed
free ore, Mr. Mondell opposed free
coal and reciprocity with Canada and
free hides, each on the ground that
the policy would injure the Interests
of his State, and a discussion was
participated in by other representa?
tives, who urged that the doctrine of
free raw material was not a Repub?
The president replied that he was
net committed to the principle of free
raw material, but that he was com?
mitted to the principle of a down?
ward revision of the tariff, which he
had promised, and that he was oblig?
ed to look at the matter, not from
the standpoint of any particular dis?
trict, but from the standpoint of re?
sponsibility for the entire Republican
party. He said the question in each
case was a question of fact, to be de?
termined by evidence as to whether
the present duty was needed for pro?
tection or whether the rate was exces?
sive, so that a downward revision or
putting the article on the free list
would not injure the industry.
"He repeated the platform of the
Republican party and said he had al?
ways understood that It meant a
downward revision in many instances,
though perhaps in some few instances
an increase might be needed; that he
reached this construction of the plat?
form on what he understood to be the
principle of protection and its justifi?
cation, namely, that after an industry
was protected by a duty equal to the
difference between the cost of pro?
duction abroad and the cost of pro?
duction in this country, including a
fair profit to the manufacturer, the
energy and enterprise of American
business men and capitalists, the ef?
fectiveness of American labor and the
ingenuity of American inventors, un?
der the impulse of competition be?
hind the tariff wall, would reduce the
cost of production, and that, with the
reduction and cost of production, the
tariff rate would become unnecessari?
ly high and ought to be reduced. This
was the normal operation of the tariff
as claimed by the defenders of the
protective system?not in every case,
but as a general rule that of course
a revision of the tariff could not be
perfect, must have defects and incon?
sistencies; but. In so far as his in?
fluence went, when called upon to get
in connection with legislation, it
would be thrown in the direction of
performing the promises of the party
as he understood them, and that if
iron ore and oil and coal and hides
did not need protection, and the con?
ditions were such as to enable the ore
producers and the oil producers and
the coal producers and producers of
Indes to compete, successfully without
reduction of wages, with the pro?
ducers abroad, then they did not need
a duty, and their articles should go
on the free list. It was a question of
fact which he hoped to make up his
mind with respect to, on such evi?
dence as was available to him in or?
der to carry out what he understood
to be the promises of the party to the
"He said he felt that his position as
the titular head of the Republican
party and as president, with the
whole people as his constituency,
gave him a somewhat broader point
of view than that of a single member
of congress In respect to articles pro?
duced In his district. He felt strong?
ly the call of the country for a down?
ward revision within the limitations
of the protective principle, and he
2 SO'JTHRON, Established Jane, ISM
ies?Yol. XXIX. 3o 43
COLUMBIA IS HURT AS SHOW*
BY MR. PARKER,
Why Is Tills Discrimination??The
Mills In Greenville Get Coal So
Much Chcai>er Thau Do the Colum?
Columbia, July 16.?The newly ap?
pointed freight committee of the
Chamber of Commerce held its ini?
tial meeting yesterday afternoon at S
o'clock. Present were all the mem?
bers, of the committee, and* alhO Mr.
Lewis W. Parker, president of the
cotton mills corporation.
Mr. Parker was the first person
outside of the committee's person?
nel to lay facts before the commit?
tee looking towards relief from what
appears to be railway discrimination
against Columbia shippers with spe?
cial reference to coal.
|Cr. Parker told of conferences ho
has held with the railroad people over
tbe facts that Columbia is badly dis?
criminated against in the matter of
rates. For example, he said that
Gieenville obtains its coal at a rate
of 55 cents less a ton than does Co?
lumbia, and this discrimination he
claimed to be without any adequate
As the city of Columbia ships in
and uses some 80,000 tons of coal an?
nually, this is a considerable item;
and as the mills managed by Mr.
Parker use about 50,000 tons of this
total product, or five-eighths of all
the coal shipped into the city, he is
interested in knowing the reason for
this discrimination by the railroads
Mr. Parker told the committee that
unless the rate was reduced to Co?
lumbia he would proceed to make ar?
rangements to have all his mills at
Columbia run by hydro-electric pow?
er, which would result in cutting the
railroads out of carrying approxi?
mately 50,000 tons each year.
The discussion that followed was
quite interesting. It was shown that
not only in the rate on coal is Co?
lumbla discriminated against, but as
well on many other articles, and that
so long as this discrimination is per?
mitted to continue small industries
and commercial enterprises can not
be profitably conducted here to com?
pete with Augusta, Charlesten and
other points that sell goods in thia
territory, which, goods ought to be
supplied from the factories andl
wholesale establishments of Colum?
It was stressed that many people
have come to Columbia seeking loca?
tion for investment in the establish?
ment of industrial plants, and all the
conditions were satisfactory and pleas
ing: but, the parties left to not retxwr?
?after they discovered that Colum?
bia freight rates well nigh are pro?
The complaints of discrimination.'
were informal in their method of pre?
sentation but none the Whs earnest, -
and it is the expressed purposV* <tftMM
committee to take proper steps to ab**
certain why this condition of affairs
It is not the purpose of the com?
mittee to take up individual com?
plaints against the roads, and make
collection jf overcharges in such
oases, or to attempt to adjust individ?
ual differences, but to proceed on
broad lines of action for the benefit
of the entire community.
To this end the committee desires
to receive all information available re?
lating to freight rates to this and to
other points for comparison, and pro?
vide themselves with an arsenal of
facts, and then have conference with
the railroad officials to ascertain the
why, if such discrimination as alleged
is found to exist
The committee will meet again in
regular session on August 17. and
thereafter on every third Tuesday of
the month; and in the meantime, the
committee may be called together by
any one member. Meetings are to be
held at the Chamber of Commerce
rooms at 6 o'clock each time.
Result of Conferem-e With Keaboartt
Norfolk, Ya., July 1?.?Announce?
ment is made today that committee*
representing the employe:, of the Sea?
board Air Line, which have been in
Portsmouth, Va., conferring with1
the general officials of the system,
have secured the desired concession
of a uniform nine-hour workday ort
that road. They are still at work on
the adjustment of the mechanical
hoped to be able to respond to that
call as he heard It, as well as in the
interest of the party as of the coun?
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