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TIFT HOI COMMUTED.
WA NTH TIIOIIOUGH INVESTI? GATION OF MATTER. H??m tCx|MaliM Ilia Position Ite g?rriJng rY?n Raw Material?Com promlsc PosMlMe? UIwumi Cotton Sebedule Washington. July 22.?President Taft apparent)./ has hrough about a tangible situation with regard to the tariff where uncertainty existed be? fore. Today wan one of conferences and concluded with a consultation at the White House tonight, participated In by the presided. Senator A Mr Ich and Representative Payne, at which I he cidef eeecutlve was assured that a hi.rmontous settlement of the dlif-r eeees existing between the tw > branches of congress Is practicable The senators opposed to the "fl ee raw material" programme were con eta Red todsy by Senator Aldrlch and a committee representing the same position on the house side held a con? ference with Chairman Payne. In id dr Inn the no me confereea met tills af srnoon to have the experts of the senate finance committee explain the seiate changes n the cotton schedule. Sanator Aldrhr todsy met a num? ber of senators 'vho are opposed to free hides, coal and Iron ore, and no encouragement was offered for the placing of any of these articles on the free list In fact were It possible to get those, senator.! to yield, the situ? ation in the house would have to be dealt with The "tariff Insurgents" In the houne, who are opposed to free raw mater? ials, met again today and adopted res? olutions protest mj against the plan Representative Dwlght of New York, the Republican whip of the rtettse. conferred with Senator Aldrlch late this afternoon and informed him Chat the anti-free raw material senti? ment in the house was a matter whl?h required serious consideration. He said that its strength had grown to 41 members. The advocates of dutiable hides In both houses de.dare that a compto mtas> Is possible but that they can not consider the pticing of these articles on the free Hat With regard to the free reciprocity provision on coa In the house bill there also was a firm stand. The members Interested In coal declated that such a provlulon would make the J situation with regard to coal unten at le for the opemtlves and that a re? daction In the senate rate without a clause for reciprocity was more ac? ceptable. ' That a nominal duty on Iron ore w II be agreed to by the conferees w?s the Indications tonight. No de? termination as to the rate ha? been ss ggestrd. It Is understood that Representa? tive Payne Is Insisting on absolu' ly free ore. Owing to the diversified opinion 88? pressed vsdh regard to oil. It Is more than likely that the conference re? port will place petroleum on the free list without m countervailing duty proposition. It decided today that the hen ! quarters of the customs court of ap? peals shall be located In Washington. Oen. Hharetts and Marlon De Vlies of the board el appraisers and W. H. rsrkbiii. an examiner in the Ken York ( oatoms bureau, explained to the houM . nfe.-? the purpose of J?e senste changes In the gotten schedule and the probable effects of ch." rises. They pointed out t!. specific rates would not exceed rat h It had been the In? tention <u tj,.. I ?inKley law to collect, but that In operation seveial of the sens;- i ????-? would be lower than those of the houeo, Th" entire time of the house con? ferees v i taken up In the dlscusMon of the cotton schedule. President Taft called attention to? day to list teet that ho has been In advert, ally 'nlsrepresented aa d? mandins free raw materials u I along the line The president'* position iJ a gSJittel sM tact, as outlined In his Statement of Friday lust, was that In favo ?d an Inquiry to tlnd out what degree of protection, If any. was Aec esae-v In tb matter of tire, huh s. COM I . tC. The j? ? o h?nt has not committed hlnoo ir Irretrievably to free hide . fr?*. ? 1 ? oil and free Irog ent. and Ihr ? lit he called attentioii to this i... i i \ tatsda to tin- lir pre Ion ? > White H Sgnt that Sjoene sort ol working basl* Is about to be ?f ? hetl. .Vr Tall h kesjeful Ihal ? <eafer> enre report v. Ill be p.??i*iible by Salur day Of Mond 13 An ? tort VSjfl m.ob- at I I d ulitht's dinner \>> \ ire PreeldentTtaftagree I n two years' limitation of the eovpor etlon tav II" declined to do mo. The matter e as gone Into at the time Ho tax w m I Hedi and It was th n decided tli * I no time limit should be placed upon tie- measure. MaSgJ a girl thinks *h* has biokeii bar heart when she hau ui v spr lin? ed her imagination.?Life. MUCH PROPERTY LOST. DAMAGE AMOUNTS TO HUN DIIEDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS. \t I/oast h Score of Lives? Reports Show Injury to Have Been Greater Than at First Reported. Houston, July 23.?Galveston has begun rebuilding the structures rased In the storm of Wednesday. Wires are still down, but later reports from th'? interior show greacer damage and loss of life than were sustained at Galves ton. Such points as have reported tell of a score killed, serious Injury to half aa many more and damage to prop? erty estimated at, $750,000. Oraphlc tales are told by those who were swept from the tarpon fishing pier, off Qalveston. Into the Gulf and were rescued clinging to bits of wreckage along the beach near Mor? gan's Tolnt. Ray C. Testshorn, of Houston, says it was shortly after midnight of Wed neaday that the first real alarm for the safety of Bettlson's pier was felt, ten hours later the pier gave way and a party of ten was cast Into the wa? ter. "Shortly before the building sank ws went to the roof," said Mr. Teet shorn. "The building went down easi? ly. In fact, It simply crumbed Into the water. Everybody scrambled for himself. I think all of us started off on some wreckage and the wind and tide carried ua through the water while the high sea beat us and the rollers broke over and beneath us." ( LFM SON TREASURER'S REPORT Fertiliser Tag Tax Brought In $177, 271 During Year Ending June 30. C.'emson College. July 20.?The i finance committee of the Board ot trustees and finished lta inspection or the books of the treasurer for the year ?? ruling .June 30. Below are a few in? teresting facts end figures from the treasurer's report for the year: The income from the fertilizer in? spection tag tax was $177,271. Of this amount the trustees expended by or? der of the General Assembly $64,389. 79 as follows: For Inspection of fer? tilizers and mailing fertilizer bulle? tins, $13,638.59; for analysis of fer? tilizers, minerals, ores, waters, etc.. $8,997.65; for entomological inspec? tion. $1.415.72; for veterinary Inspec ^ tlon, $2,177.11; for Texas fever tick eradication, $6.583.98; for coast ex? periment station, $15,953.69; for far? mers' institutes, $516.26; for 165 ben? eficiary scholarships, $15.166.79. These expenditures leave a balance credited to the college of $112.881.95. to which must be added the Income from productive funds, such as the i 'lemson bequest, tuition, rents, fai ?n fcafd and dairy, etc., amounting t ? #f,t?t.tli and the income from tht Federal government, $23.254. These amount!, with a balance of $18.775. 16. make a total of $165.613.92 fo< the use of the College.* The expenditures of the College PPOfjul for the year were for perma? nent Improvements, operating, equip ment. supplies, Inbor. insurance, paid cadet fund, and salaries?by depart? ments an follows: Academic depart? ment. $22.013.15; agricultural depart? ment. $15.648.27; chemical depart? ment, $6.737.30; engineering depart? ment. $2 1.885.98; military depart? ment. $3.010.39; textile department, s>;.?;?; miscellaneous department, $67.116.11. The Items which make the miscellaneous department mount lip are cli ellv barracks maintenance ant tqQlpment, heat, light and water. Con:-', ue?hm and repairs, support of t'Hivtct*) expanse! and salaries, of President*! and treasurer's othce, trus Sinsnmn library, printery, ttc, CISWSOn College, Jply 20.?Prof \v \i Itigga has gone North for s. brief trip of Inspection of electrical planti and Io consult an eye special Ist In New York. Dr. If, itay powers, state veterina? rian, has returned to his duties, after a holiday of a few weeks spent with r? latlvea in the North. The farmers' Institute workers, in charge of Prof, i>. x. Barrow, of tht agricultural department, began their I Work of holding on,.-day institutes Sn sev eral wtstern counties yesterday. Tht work Of grading the several hundred examination papers rtoolvcd fp>m ?be county examinations held July 2 for sc holar.-'alps and ontranot to demons, has been Bnlohedi and the ro< ? ts tabulated and reported to the county i oard of education. Mis. w. a. Wright, of Atlanta, <ia.. hi h?re on a visit to her daughter Mrs. A. B. Ilryan. Mrs. Cnreton, of Greenville, s. <*. is the guest foT a few days of hoi friend, Mrs. John H, Hook. Uff, CheS, B, Doggetl is away on a visit of several weeks to friends in N Yotk Hints and olsowhero, Mr. S. VY. RvanOi Oi thl treasurer's Of?c*), Is away on his vacation. m 11 Ifacmlllan und hot daughter, alle? Jamie Wlnn, are lu re on ? rieh to lira Maemlllan's sister, Mrs. .!. P, Le win PRICES OF G?TTON. 110 POINTS BELOW Ii AST TUES? DAY'S QUOTATION. Dropped 85 points Between Satur? day's And Monday's Quotation? $5.50 Fall on Uie Bale In One Week. I New York, Ju'y 19.?There was another sensational break In the cot? ton market today, with cotton for De? cember delivery closing at 11.77 c 35 points below the final quotation of Saturday, and 110 points, or $5 50 a k*tl#, below the high recorJ of lost Tuesday. Liquidation continued very heavy, and the local bear clique was very aggresive in the late trading on re? ports of rain in the Southwest. The greatest weakness was in the last half hour, and during this time December broke from 11.99 to 11.77. The close was easy at the lowest point of the day, a net decline of 28 to 36 points. PREPARE EARLY FOR ELECTION Democratic Congressional Committee Organizlnz. Washington, July 19.?Taking ad? vantage of the present situation de \ eloped b*y the tariff, the Democratic congressional committee, one yeur in advance of the usual time for such action, met tonight, elected officers and mapped out the course It will fol? low In its fight to capture the house In the next congressional elections. Representative Lloyd, of Missouri, was elected chairman by the unani? mous vote of the 37 members. Other officers chosen were: Rep? resentative Dixon, Indiana, secretary; Representative Finley, South Caro? lina, first vice chairman; Representa? tive Palmer, of Pennsylvania, second vice chairman, and J. J. Sinnott, o Virginia, sergeant-at-arms. Chair? man Lloyd probably will announce to-morrow the personnel of the fin ance, literature campaign and other substitute committees. Mr. Lloyd asserted that informa tion he has received from all parts of the country Indicate that the Dem ocrats are more hopeful of electing u Democratic house than they hav been for many years. Mr. Lloyd said that the committc had agreed to "get busy" immediatel and that It was equipped to give th opposition the most stubborn fight I Its history. "Did you have a pleasant time at the picnic, Ronald? I trust that you remembered to Fletcherize and mas? ticated each mouthful one hundred times." "Yes'm, an' while 1 was chewln* my first bite the other boys et up all the grub."?Life. Secondary Schools. In the midst of the mass of legis? lation proposed to the Georgia legis? lature there occasionally appears something worth while. A legislator has suggested that the State pay more attention to its secondary schools and even afford them some financial re? lief. There are many Americans who do not believe that it Is the duty of the State to offer free education to its youth beyond the high school grades. They argue that any really serious student can obtain his own education thereafter, and that the State has done its part when it has given a boy j the opportunity to learn the funda- I mentals. They further argue'that the number of students who take the col? lege course is relatively small, and that the secondary schools are able to reach a much larger number of pu? pils, and at a smaller cost. There Is pith in this position. Of course this State already spends much more for the secondary schools than It does for any of its more advanced institutions, but it cannot be denied that there are many country districts where there are no vfacilities for high schools. The object of free education is not to educate a few to a high de? gree, but to educate a: many as pos? sible, and these as highly as the reve? nue available will permit. South Carolina is now offering in? ducements for the creation of high schools in the country districts, or any other districts, by giving State aid In the payment of teachers* salaries. This has brought about the establish? ment of many good schools and will bring about the establishment of many more. We believe that we are more fortunate than our sister State In this matter of secondary schools, although there Is mom for much im? provement here. We merely wiAh to urge the importance of the "high school, which, after all, is the back? bone of our educational system, in so far as the preparation of men for in? telligent citizenship is concerned? News and Courier. Both Alike. The new-style tramp halted the pedestrain. "Sir." said he holding out his hand, "this is a pleasure. I do not want to be short?" "Neither do I," replied the pede? strain, passing on, "but it is better to be short in speech than in pocket book. Get out!" And the new-style tramp shook his head in disgust. In a Sheffield school the children were asked to come prepared with the meaning of the word "bachelor" for the next lesson. This was one little girl's confident definition: "A bachelor is a very happy man." The teacher wanted to know more. How did the little girl know that? "Fath? er told me so!"?Tit-Bits. SCALPING. Indian Tradition That Tells- the Origin of the Custom. According to the Indian tradition, scalping arose in this wise: Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of years ago, when all the Indians in the world were of one tribe and un? der one chief, there arose a dispute In the tribe as to who should succeed j the old chief, who had just died with? out issue. There were two principal aspirants to the honor, each having a considerable following. The dispute finally ended with strife and war, and for the first time in the history was "brothers' blood shed by brothers." The chief of one of the factions had a beautiful daughter, and one of the bravest warriors was a suitor for her hand. Her father consented to the match on one condition?that the young brave should journey to the camp of the enemy, many miles away through deep snow, kill the chief, his rival, and return with some unmis? takable token of his death. In spite ' of the snow and the distance, the I young man immediately set out on his journey and, after lying in am? bush for several days, finally entered the camp, boldly attacked the chief in his tent, slew him and cut off his head. Next morning the murder was dis? covered, and the tribe set off in hot pursuit. Little by little they gained upon the fleeing warrior, who in his anxiety to elude his pursuers cast away all his impediment-, to his very cloth? ing, retained only hi* stone knife and the trophy which was to win him his bride. His pursuers gained rapidly until finally so near did they come he could h.*ar them on his trial. Hla grew some burden grew heavier ami heavi? er, and as a last resort he whipped I out his knife, stripped the scalp from the head of the dead man and, thus lightened of his load, reached his own camp in rafety, presented to his ciiief the token of his prowess and was wed, amid great rejoicing to the damsel of his choice. From thenceforth he was permitted to wear an eagle's feather in his cap, and to this day the eagle's feather remains the sign of the successful warrior, the number he displays de? pending upon the number of scalps he has taken.?Chicago Record Herald. To Men in ColumMn. Columbia, July 2'. ??The Most im? portant events- SChOduU d i >r SOtttn Carolina for the coming week axe; The St: ??? ;>... rs' Union will r In Columbia on Wednesday for a three days' session. Special rates have been granted by the railroads, and a large number of farmers are expected from all sections of the State. A good woman pleases the heart. FARMERS' SCHOOL AT Rgf. BERRY Clemson. Experts to Direkt Extension Work. Newberry, July 20.-?Mention has heretofore teen made of the exten? sion school work which it is proposed to do in New berry undert h?* direction of Clemson College and the United States department of agriculture. The school, because it is intended to be a School f<?r the instruction of farmer? and others who desire instruction in matters pertaining to agriculture, be held at Newberry beginning on Monday, August 2, and continue through Friday. The trustees of the Newberry graded school have kindly permitted the school to be held in the graded school building, and it is hop i ed that not only farmers, but citizens I of the city who are interested in the J subjects to be discussed will attend and encourage the teachers. Prof, D. N. Barrow, of Clemson College, was in Newberry last week in connection with Mr. A. D. Hudson and other progressive farmers making the necessary arrangements. It it de? sired the professors in this school will give lectures at night using stereop ticons and charts illustrating their lectures,. Interest in agricultural matters in this county has increased very greatly in the last few years, and as a result, the farmers are making better crops, larger yields per acre and are giving more attention to the conveniences and comforts of their homes. This school will do much to increase this interest and it is hoped that the farmers will appreciate what is to be offered them, and that as many as possible will at? tend. Newberry has the distinction of be? ing one of the very few counties in this State, which will have the oppor? tunity and privilege of such a school, and they should show their apprecia? tion by their presence and interest. From Clemson College the follow? ing lecturers, who are expertsin their lines, will take part in this extension school work: D. N. Barrow, G. G. Ainslie, A. F. Conradie, J. M. Burgess, E. Barnett and D. W. Daniel, and from the United States department of agriculture, R. R. Welch and J. T. Campbell. We Mortals. To certain heights do we aspire. And yet, I guess, ft we had nothing else, we'd the of happiness. If WSJ *r#n not unhappy some v. e d srorry more; For happiness would soon become A dreadful bore. ?Louisville Courier-Journal Many a man who doesn't know one note from another attempts to sing his own praise. GREAT PREMIUM OFFERS TO SUBSCRIBERS OF THE Semi-Weekly Watchman and Southron ON : YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION, 104 ISSUES, OI THE Semi-Weekly Watchman and Southron AND A PAIR OF ADJUSTABLE TENSION SPRING SHEARS STEEL SHEARS, OR A HAMILTON SAFETY RAZOR ALL FOR I III. H PEEL SHEARS ci\ ?-n aw ay are ?nanu fan und of the \ riv Idgcsl grade steel, perfectly tempered iud heavily nlckle-plated on I hlffhl v polished surface, rite patent tension spring takes up all the wear on the rivet, no thai the cuittus edge* will never wear dull. A simpln torn of the little thumb-screw will adjust the blades to cut any thing froui the tlitucsi und most uelir? to fabric to the heaviest material) How TO GET THE Sil EARN Peud 11.50 with ."? cents ^additional for postage, and vou will revive the Sheara by re? turn mail and the Semi-Weekly Watchman and Southron for one j'oar. The Shears are ?-iV? red as an additional l:idu?*etuent to subset ? >?. Better do ii now, ;is the number Is limited. THE SHEARS ARE FREE?YOU ONLY PAY FOR THE PAPER. $??50 Is the regular subscription price of the Semi Weekly Watchman and Southron. It is publish d - every Wednesday and Friday and contains a summary <>i .ill the importanl local, domestic and for? eign news, and is an up-to-date <>i publication, together with special features from contributors, with a departmentdevoted to Agriculture, Poultry, Stock Raising, and other useful information for ?he all aronnd Si?uthei n i>niducer. The Osteen Publishing' Co., * SUMTER, South Carolina.