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THK Y. M. C A. MOVEMENT.
Great Interest I* Being Manifested
Now In Regard to the Eatahliah
meat of Y. M. Q A. Quartern Here.
A broad and effective Interest 's
arising in the Y M. C. A. movement,
which ie now on foot In this city. It
la hailed with the greatest delight by
all of the Sumter people who are In?
terested In the welfare of the young
men of this pluce. The good that a
Y. M C. A. will accomplish here can
hardly be overestimated.
Plans are now on foot to effect an
organlsstlon a an early date. It la
the purpose of the young men who
are pushing this movement to"get the
cooperation of every young man In
Sumter, In Joining In the movement
and helping financially and by their
Influence, to eecure quarters for a
gymnasium, bath rooms, assembly
hall, readings and club room, etc., for
the accommodation of the associa?
To this end a number of young
men are nqw at work to get the
pledgee of all she young men In the
otty ef Sumter to become members of
the association and to assist In ts or?
ganisation at as early a date aa Is
The Baraca class of the rir.U Bap?
tist church has taken some s1e?e to?
ward the organisation of this move?
ment. . But this must not be a denom?
inational affair. It must be InUr-de
nomlnatlonal or entirely non-sec
tartan. I: should be entirely noii-sec
tarlan. The purpose of the aaiocla
tlon Is th? moral uplift of young men.
What should be, and Is. of vital
Interest to the ladles, especially the
mothers, of this city Is the fact that
a Juvenil? amateur branch of the as?
sociation be organised for boys under
sixteen years of age. The fathera and
mothers ought to consider what this
department means to their boys. In
afternoons when the young men will
necessarily be at work, the boys will
have the advantage of the gynasium
reading* rc?om, etc. This will not only
keep tht boys out of mischief on the
streets, hat it will make them sound
and strut n in body and clear of mind
?two things that every parent wants
to see. The juveniles will be given
advantage of the association's halls
for one-half of the regular member?
ship fee. This custom prevails In all
of the larger associations, and has i
proved to be of inaitlmable value to
the young hoys.
Young men. If you are Interested
In the establishment of a Y. M. C. A.
her?, givs your spare moments to
talking the nur Its of the association
to your friends who tire not interested
or who have not thought It over.
There are a good many young men
who do not know what It means to be
a member of the Y. M. C. A. Explain
It to them.
A Premium on Foil].
Und? Hiram, who wears whlikers
and Uvea In comic weeklies, will be
delighted with the latest mws from
New York. A man in the metropolis
haa Invented a dsvlee which enables
one to blow out the gaa without fear
of the consequences. Dy a mechan?
ism too complicated to describe, the
gaa. when blown out, automatically
shuts Itself off. So perfect Is the con?
trivance, according to the Inventor,
that the gaa bill ceaia to run.
Hiram, the comics tell us. haa never
been able to understand why meddle?
some people should Irterfere with his
simple, homely diversions. Blowing
out the gss, he has always maintain?
ed, la one of those petmonal privilege*
gusranteed us under the constitution
A machine which will enable him to
blow out all the gaa within reach,
without need for aubiequent hospital
treatment, will do much to restore
Hlrsm'a faith In popu'ar government.
go much for the blowing out of
gas: but why can not this beneficent
genius turn his attention to other
needed Inventions? Where is the ma?
cht! e that will make banana peels on
the sidewalk a delight to pedestralu*?
Isn't there some device that will make
the humorist who rocks boats and
pulls ehalrs from under folks a pub?
lic benefactor? Can't we have an an?
tidote for the revolver which no one
supposed was loaded??Success Mag
lite World a Magnet.
The magnetic needle comes to r S<
ponding north and south because the
eartt arts as If It were a great mag?
net. A compass needle would come
to rest pointing lengthwise of a b ir
magnet placed under the compa**
needle, Juat as it does under the in?
fluence f.f the earth. For this reason
we think of the earth as a great mag?
net. The North Pole and the North
?tar have no Influence over the com
very Important question.
Her?Why don't you?
Him?I aee a negative In your eyes.
Her?In both of them"
Hsr?Don't you know that two
negative? make an?why. Charlie!
How dare you??Cleveland Leader.
Cotton Producers the Wurst Bears
When They Should Hull the Market
We now hear of some farmers .sell?
ing their cotton for future delivery in
October or November. At first the
buyers enter the field offering ten
cents. They bought what they could
at that price, then they offered 10
1-2, and bought what they could up
to the present, and are now offering
12 cents for it. Why does the farm-,
er do this? It is because he does not
think and use good business judg?
ment. He should realise at once that
this Is a game of the speculator to de?
feat the objects of the Farmers'
Union. The farmers should realize
at once that the speculator knows
that cotton will be worth more in Oc?
tober and November than he is pay?
ing for it now.
With the bright outlook for cotton
the coming season to go very much
higher, why should any farmer act
with such little judgment? Why did
cotton take a tumble on Friday last
on boll weevil report? One of Price's
tricks to catch the tuckers. They had
been taking the bait and the boll wee?
vil report was all he wanted to catch
them with. Any one with common
sense ought to know that when th6
weather gets so hot and dry enough
to k 11 the boll weevil that it will kill
cotton also. Telegraph reports on the
17th of July states that the drought
stricken sections of five millions of
acres in Tevaa has had practically no
relief, and conditions are serious.
Rain must come in the next few days
or it well be too late. The world gen?
erally doea not realize that this crop
la getting such a backward start. Its
powers of recuperat ion from this time
on are very limited and we are prac?
tically up to the period where the
dry, hot weather o! July and August
will net In and find the tiny, sappy,
dwarfish plant Is in no condition to
stand the trails of the heat.
Brother farmers, just remember if
it rains in the drought-stricken dis?
tricts In Texas to irevive the cotton
plant, the boll wedvil will revive in
proportion to the cotton, and if the
heated term still stays to 104 and up
to 108 degrees of hent, cotton and boll
weevil will suffer al ke.
Brother farmers, no need to be
alarmed. You have the best position
in this fight. The man who has sold
his cotton for October and November
delivery will ever regret his mistake.
Now let's see why he is able to sell
for October and November delivery.
This was never heard of before the
organization of the Farmers' Educa?
tional and Co-operntlve Union of
America. This within Itself should
stimulate every farmer to Jem this
great and grand organization. What
in the reason the Farmers' Union has
not achieved to Its fullest extent Its
alms and objects? It is because of
the great ignorance of the farmers
themselves. But I am proud to say
that day by day the l^arawrs' Educa?
tional and Co-operateve Union of
America is growing stronger and
stronger, and being better fortified to
free themselves of the great burden
of speculation. I am proud to say
that the farmers are beginning to
learn some valuable lessons through
the teachings of the Farmers' Edu?
cational and Co-operative Union of
America. Its power is being felt not
only in this country alone, but all
over the world.
I would to Qod the farmer could
realize the power he has. as the world
sees It for him. I am proud to say
that the cloud of mbst is beeng rolled
away through this great organization,,
and sunshine and brightness is be?
ginning to peep through. The farm?
er Is beginning to see the help must
come Jhrough his own personal ef?
forts, and that there is help for him
through organization, co-operation
and diversification of crops. This Is
the greatest lesson for him to learn,
and when this is learned success Ivs
I am proud to say that the farm?
ers did cut acreage this year one
and one-half million acres, and plant?
ed an Increase of food crops. I want
to tell you. brother farmers, this cut?
ting of acreage is helping to make the
price of cotton today more than it is
getting credit for.
Why will cotton producers raise
thirteen million bales of cotton when
they know they can get as much
money for ten million bales as they
can for thirteen million? It seems
to me tht t no sane person would do
stich business as this. If a manufac?
turer, by stoppeng one-third of his
looms, could make as much money as
by running the whole re would stop
thai one-third at once.
Hrother farmers, 1 do not want you
|0 forget that you have a valuable
crop in your cotton seed, and Just re?
collect atid keep one eye on them un?
til the petOi gets, right. If you do let
your seed go be sure an 1 know what
>ou will have to give for your meal
before letting them go.
I want to call your attention that
August 1809, Is the month to begin
fixing a price for your 1?10 cotton
crop by prepurlng to sow down ti
large acreage of oats and wheat, also
sow plenty of winter cover crops, and
grow your nitrogen In tie soil. One
dollar and fifty cents' worth of Crim?
son clover seed sown on an acre of
your cotton land about the 15th of
September will grow into your soil
thirty dollars' worth of nitrogen.
Think what an investment for $1.50!
Also sow one and a-half bushels of
oats with 35 pounds of hairy vetch
per acre, and you will raise an abun
dant supply of nice hay which will
be ready to cut about June the 1st.
If you have never tried the above be?
gin by trying a few acres this year,
and you will not stop until you sow
many, many acres in the future. Just
remember hog and hominy is the
keynote of the situation.
Pres. S. C. State Farmers' Union.
AN AP PARA NT FALLACY.
Even the most ardent protectionists
have been forced at times to acknow?
ledge that the system is a close ap?
proach to robbery, they defend it on the
ground that revenue la needed, and
that it Is merely an Indirect tax. We
wish to show what an absurd indir?
ect tax it is, If revenue is the thing to
Suppose the Government puts a
tariff of twenty-rtve per cent on all j
leather goods or shoes. Aa a matter of
fact, shoes can be produced in this
country as cheaply aa anywhere else
In the world. The fact that American
shoes are noted the world over for
their excellence Is not material here.
Every man who buys a pair of shoes
pays twenty-five per cent, more than
the proper cost simply because the
foreign shoes have to add that per?
centage to their normal cost before
they can enter. For every pair of
shoes Imported there are thousands
of pairs sold that are not imported.
For every twenty-five cents that
comes to the government In the pay?
ment of duty hundreds of unearned
dollars go to manufacturers of shoes.
It seems absurd that for every cent
In taxes which the citizen pays to the
United States he should pay many
cents to private citizens. That is a
poor method of raising revenue. How?
ever, there is no use to reason with
people who are waxing fat because
of the System. When men's pocket's
are concerned they #o not see clear?
Meantime, we are trying to discov?
er just when an infant industry be?
comes grown up.?News and Courier.
Transforming Eyesore* Into Beauty
The ordinary back yard, with its
high board fence and its colection of
garbage boxes, barrels and odds and
ends, is an eyesore. Though it is hld
dn from the sight of the passershy,
It, is not hidden from the dwellers In
the house, and It does not add to the
comforts of home. Instead of a
dwelling place of dirt and a disease
breeder, the back yard cam be made
an attractive feature of the place.
This is not a mere theory. It has been
done and Is being done right in this
city, and those who have "planted
hedges, grass and flowers take a great
pride In these secluded gardens.
If a few neighbors In a single block
will get together, agree to wvmove the
hrgh board fences and substitute
thtsnetor hedges of erergraens, they
can start a movement the* is sure to
spread. As soon as others see the
east Improvement in appeerances and
the pleasure In these gardens, they
will follow the good example, and
soon a whole neighborhood will be
blooming out in its heefees, trees and
An excellent beginning has been
made in some sections, and these will
serve as models for others who wish
to begin the work of Improvement, in
snaking beautiful your yard you are
not only adding to yonr own health,
Vleajture and comfort, but you are also
doing your share In a very practical
way in the improvement and beautifl
cation o fthe city. The present is a
good time to begin. By next summer
you will begin to see results.?Balti
WORDS OF WISDOM.
The most exlusive people in the
world are either in society or jail.
The man with an Iron will should
be careful not to let it get rusty.
Ma ny an otherwise good man has
l>een spoiled by too many ancestors.
Don't strike a man just because he
insists that he Is your match.
The girls with the most cheek don't
do the most blushing.
Hoaeety Is the filtration tha causes
a clear conscience.
The bibulous chap is generally
more celebrating than celebrated.
Second thoughts are only best when
they are not more expensive.
It Is Just as well to have a short
acquaintance with the fellow who is
A woman can always accomplish
more with tears than a man can with
The Kver-Delicate Question.
"How old are you, Madam?" ask?
ed the cross-examining lawyer. The
woman blushed deeply, and stammer
Ingly blurted out:
"?I' and stopped short.
The attorney looked guilty. "Please,
madam, quickly," he urged In a gen?
tle, kindly voice; "It's getting worse
every minute, you know."
LYON'S OPINION SCORED.
Fairfleld Chairman Will Defy De?
cision as to Closing Dispensaries. .
Columbia, July 26.?Boldly defying
the opinion of Attorney General Lyon
as to the time during which the dis?
pensary shall remain closed after the
election on August 17, Dr. J. J. Rob?
ertson, of Blythewood, chairman of
the county dispensary board of Fair
field, writes Dispensary Auditor West
that the Fairfleld dispensaries will be
opened on August 18 whether the
county goes dry or not. The opinion
given by Mr. Lyon was that the dis?
pensaries should remain closed until
the result of the election is de?
Mr. West referred the matter to At?
torney General Lyon, who this after?
noon addressed a letter to Governor i
Ansel. There is nothing to be donei
in the matter unless the threat is car?
ried out, and then there may be In?
teresting developments. It is stated
that other county boards have ex?
pressed themselves likewise as to the
construction of "immediately4* In the
Act. If the situation should become
serious, it would go to the courts for
Stating that he had received Gen.
Lyon's opinion In regard to opening
the dispensaries after the election, or
"Immediately after," Dr. Robertson
says: "Gen. Lyon's opinion is not law
?and I shall pay no attention to it. I
can read and understand a law as
well as Gen. Lyon, and If he has no
more sense than his decision indi?
cates, we have an exceedingly weak
man for Attorney General. Any intel?
ligent school boy with common sense
can read that act and understand It.
I have heard the opinion of several
lawyers, who are far superior to Gen.
Lyon in intelligence, making sport of
his opinion. In fact, it is a laughing
joke with intelligent men. What dif?
ference does it make whether a coun?
ty goes wet or dry. The dispensaries
will continue to sell the drys until
the 15th of November and wets long?
er. The result has nothing to do
with the opening of the dispensaries.
And I have legal advice to pay no at?
tention to Lyon's decision, and so far
as I am concerned I am going to open
on the 18th of August, unless the
other members of the board oppose it.
It matters not with me how this coun?
ty votes, but I propose to carry the
law out to the letter so long as I am
a member of the dispensary board of
Attorney General Lyon sent the let?
ter to Governor Ansel in order that
the Chief Executive might be advised
of the situation.
Hen Moving Hayseed by Electricity.
Mr. J. C. Hutchins, president of the
Detroit United Railway, has written
me of this great movement in Michi?
"The clodhopper el the old days
has disappeared fram the regio?
around Detroit, and, in these days, tt
would be difficult, oa the streets of out
cities, to 'distinguish, in as far as ap?
pearance goes, between the country
farmer and the city business man.""
It was evident that the trolleys
were ulready raising educational
standards in the country. In numer?
ous Instances along the Lake Shore
Electric Railway the country school
boards were paying the child?
ren's Tares to town with the fundt
that Tormerly -supported the dkstricl
It Is the opinion of a growing num?
ber elf educators that one of Ore besl
things a student can do is to live or
a quiet farm and use the trolley. He
has healthy surroundings, plenty oi
exercise, escapes the temptations and
distractions ef town life, and his
studies are benefited accordingly.
President Angell, of the University
of Michigan, declares of the rural
trolley: "I trust that it will do some?
thing to turn the tide back from city
life to country life, which would be
most beneficial to this country/'
The city theatres are prospering as
never before. One evening I counted
about twoh undred people who had
come In on a single line to attend a
single city show. And there was lit?
tle, In their appearance to differ?
entiate them from ordinary city folk.
In fact, I fonnd the country jake,
the hayseed, the genuine clodhopper
of tradition, extraordinarily hard to lo?
cate In Ohio. He was still flourishing
in those isolated villages and hamlets
without transportation facilities, hut
they are growing steadily rarer in the
She Was Too Ouick.
There were three at the little table
In the cafe, a lady and two men.
Suddenly the electric lights went
out and the lady quickly and noise?
lessly drew back.
An Instant later there was the
smack of a compound kiss. As the
electric lights went up each man was
seen smilllng complacently.
"I thought I heard a kiss." said the
lady, "but nobody kissed me."
Then the men suddenly glared at
each other and flushed and looked
painfully sheepish.?Cleveland Plain
CHINA NOT OLD.
At Least It Resents Being Thought
Too Old to Learn.
China is not an old country, accord?
ing to opinions expressed by Woo
Shine and Cheng Tau of Ying Na,
China, to a Washington Herald re?
porter. These two sons of the Celes?
tial empire have been delegated by
the Chinese central government to
the information possible on the
visit the United States and obtain all
American railroad system, with a
view to making use of their observa?
tions for the improvement of the
railway service in their own country.
Mr. Woo Shine speaks English fairly
well, having acquired a knowledge of
the languague in China. Hla com?
panion is a silent and close listener
and observer and here and there in?
terjected a word or two in Chinese.
Wearing their hair short, they were
askd if they were members of the re?
form party in China. They replied
they were not; that they wore wigs
in order not to attract so much at?
tention in the United States. The
wigs were 111-flttlng and made from
the straight, black, coarse Chinese
hair, parted in the middle, and in
connection with their unusally dark
complexion, gave them the appear?
ance of Indians. For the same rea?
son the Chinese officials discarded
their native garments and are wear?
ing cheap store clothes, which they
bought in San Francisco. They will
call on Wu Tingfang, the Chinese
minister, when they will appear in
their Chinese apparel, sans wigs, san
store clothes, pigtail, silk gown, and
mandarin cap, coral button, and all.
"People say China Is an old nation,
that Its people are too old to learn,"
said Mr. Woo Shine. "That is not so
at all. If we are old, we are waking
up and find ourselves young, full of
life, enthusiasm, and enterprise. If
we were old, we would be useless; but
we are not, as you will admit. Our
great wealth of mineral resources, of
coal, iron, gold, silver and all sorts
of precious metals and stones, has
hardly been touched. We have not
yet begun to build railroads, and our
rivers and canals do not show the ac?
tivity of steamboats as they do in
your waters. We want to learn from
Arr?Hca, whose people we regard as
our best friends, and we want them
to teach us and help us. China Is a
young country, like America; it is a
great country like America, and is
imbued with the desire to be Ameri?
ca's best friend. With a strong and
powerful China guarding one side of
the Pacific and America the other,
and the two countries good friends,
no country would dare to disturb the
peace of the world. No power as it
even now dares to entertain aspira?
tion for the political control of
"I hear that the Whittleseys are
going to move to Washington. The
old man has made several million
dollars in the meat and grain busi?
ness lately, you know."
"Yes, but I don't understand why
?I anybody wants to move away from s
11 town that has a champion ball club
and go to live where the home team
) I is always a tail-ender."?Chicago
Miss Clara Rush, of Camden, die']
of pellagra, Monday at 10 o'clock
There are several other cases of pel?
lagra la that County.
(For Myrtle Beach.)
Tickets for sale for all trains
each Saturday and for Sunday
forenoon, trains commencing
Saturday, May 29th and continu?
ing to Saturday, Sept. 4th, 1909,
limited to return Monday follow?
ing date of sale.
An excellent opportunity to
visit the famous Seashore Resorts
of South Carolina at a minimum
For information, call on Ticket
Agent, or write.
W. J. CRAI6, T. C. WHITE,
Pas. Trif. Mgr. Gen. Pis. Aft.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
What the Poor man Can Do.
We know it is hard?nay, impossi?
ble?for a man with small capital to
farm as he should; but it is this man
above all men, who needs to do better
farming. This tnan, who has to work
hard to make a scanty living, and
who Is not able to get ahead, is the
man of all others whom we are most
eager to help. But when a man says,
?'I can't get pure bred stock, or build
a silo, or buy a two-horse cultivator,
and therefore all this talk about better
farming does not apply to me," he
takes a very wrong view of the
chances he has.
All these things can come only to
the man who has made some prog?
ress, who has some capital. The very
poor farmer must begin with the lit?
tle things which will add to his in?
come, and gradually work into better
methods. It is the man who, having
two or three pigs, tries to find out the
most economical way of feeding
them,; who, with a small flock of
poultry, will try to care for them so
as to get more eggs during the win?
ter; who, with two or three head of
stock to feed, will try to raise a larg?
er part of his feed at home; who,
with a poor soil, will try to improve
at least a little of it each year?this
Is the type of man who will under?
stand that even if he can not do the
best farming, ne can do better farm?
ing, and who vrlll continue to improve
year by year. A man may not be
able to buy a manure spreader?may
not need it, in fact?but he can and
does need to take care of the little
manure he has. A man may have
only one horse and one cow to feed,
but he can at east grow pea vine hay
for them and save the buying of much
high-priced corn. A man may not
be able to sow his whole farm to
crimson clover, but he can put out
one acre this very fall. He may not
be able to star; all at once with the
rotation his land needs, but he can be?
gin by putting a few acres in legume*,
instead of cotton or corn.
It is the mai who is willing and'
eager to improve along the lines in
which improvement is possible for
him who will, by this gradual im?
provement, surely adds to his income
and make more profitable farming
possible with each new year.?Pro?
Will Wear Specs
Present statistics show that there la
a wonderful increase in the number
of people who depend on glasses for
gcod vUlon. Take enlightened Bos?
ton, "The Hub," for instance. There
are more people wearing specs there
than in any other city of its size.
Where learning and progress are, you
will find the most people wearing
glasses. Are you going to stay behind
till you have to have them and then
maybe find you have waited too long,
that some small trouble has grown on
till glasses won't remedy it?
IF YOU DONT NEED 'EM WE
W. A. Thompson,
ft S. Main Street - Sumtcr, S. C
WANT A PIANO
for your own pleasure to pass
the leisure hour in sweetest
liarmony, to calm your ruffled
soul, and soften your duties
when tired and lonely?
WANT A PIANO
to hand down to your little
grand daughter as a priceless
souvenir?a Piano that will
stand a storm of usage ami still
live. Then buy a Stein*, a long
lived, sweet toned Stieff. A
thing of hanatf and a joy for?
Chas. M. Stieff
Artistic Stieff, Shaw and
stieff Self-Player Pianos.
5 W est Trade St.
CIIAKUrTTK, . - N. C.
C. II. WUmoth,
(Mention this paper.)