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MOVI8IOXAX AUIICCMKNT is LCtfKD ON HIDE QUESTION. A?m to a* Flat on Uw Free Lisi, the Hoone Authorise* Uie mi trie Leather end Shoe Below the Present Honse 11 seders Will Pass on Tontorrow. Washington. July ft? Hides will "ase pat on the free list If boots end Caisson and other saanu tactu res of leath? er are reduced below the rates Axed %W the house bill. Unless the advo of free hides are able to carry hartal n. the whole pro Is to ha called off. A de to this afreet was reached by to tarteT oowfereco today. The confsr ?es adjourned tonight 11 a. an. tomorrow, but ths saembers will assemjble half an rller to plan for executing part of the agreement It Is ex that they will have a report the house leaders aa to the pos? ts* of passing a rule conferring Jesrssd'etion upon them te agree to tates on leather than those In the house bill. A Id rich has Informed sen from Northwestern States that will not consent to the abolition of I duty on hides unless there Is a Hftai cut In the rates on hoots, a ad other leather goods. Sen from cattle raising States Insist the only way consumers can get benefits from the removal of the >tion on hides will be by cor iding reductions In the duties on and shoos and harness. It for any reason, anything should ir to upoet the plan to give the Jurisdiction to adopt rates than those named by either wo, the conference committee Is ling what Is regarded as a trump In reserve. This provides for the nwatton of a conference report asattlng hidsa on ths free list and re sharing the rates on shoes and other aaather manufacturers. The report It la said, then would %a presented to President Taft, and It uroutd devolve upon him to secure Its asjpport In the event of failure, the cansfer?ss would submit a rsport plac -Catg a small duty on hides, and the hawse rates on leather. Few of the conferees believe that tt will be necessa/y to resort to such however, for all of them re? that the criticisms usually heap upon memhera who oppose the nlntatratton view, make men hesl to combat the president's will, that account it Is believed the ipromtse giving cheap rates on and other manufacturea of leather In return for free hides will a?e adopted. The programme on which the con 'ftsreee are working Is as follows: Hides free, as provided by the Souse, against the Senate rate of If per cent ad valorem. , Sole leather S per cent the same mm In tho House bill, aa against the awaste rtte of 15 per cent. Dressed upper leather 7 1-1 per cent, as against IS per cent In both the House and Senate bills. Boots and shoes 10 oer cent, as ?gainst ?l per cent In the House bill asad SO in the Senate bill. ?addtery and harness 20 per cent, aw against IS In the House and 40 in ehe Senate hill. According to Senator Warren, the trfat beef packers sre engaging ensively In the tanning business, seed will be the principal beneficler tso of a duty on hldea. has been used iw the "free hide lobby" in manufac? turing sentiment against the proteo fawn asked by the cattle Industry. He dented that ths beef packers are able ae control leather market Senators Intrusted with the task of asslng the senate reported today It would be Impossible to adopt a report providing for free hides. senators conferrsd with some of gase house leaders and were Informed that t der present conditions It Is Just sm Impoanlble to pass a report through ths house without free hides. This Inced the conferees that It would futile to upend any more time try ; to reach an sgreement unless con? ations were made to cattle inter in the form of reductions on leather. According to the leaders tonight the Is to complete the conference re before presenting a rule to the providing for the reduction of shoe end lesther duties below the house rates. It Is said that the confer? ence report will be submitted to the on the name day that the .uie adopted. The Philippine tariff section was re? ined today at the request of Presl int Taft An amendment adopted terday provided that goods manu? factured In the Philippines must be wholly of Ingredients grown or pro? duced In the islands in order to he ad salted'free to the United States. The President took (he position that this amendment would stifle manufacture fa ths Islands. Steps were taken today toward the Snsl disposition of the wood pulp and ?Tint paper schedule, although It 1 / * understood no rates ware definitely flssd. It has bssn unofficially reported that s duty of $1.7S a ton would be agreed to on print paper, but Representative Mann, chairman of a special commit? tee appointed to make a thorough in? quiry Into the print paper question, after coming from the conference room today, said: "I w4Il not~TOte for th* confer? ence report if it provides for a duty on print paper that la above $3 a ton." The IS rats Is one dollar less than the senate sad one dollar moce than ths house rats. It Is gsnsrally understood that n ?ote will be taken tomorrow on coal, oil, lumber, hosiery, gloves, print pa? per and Iron ore. It was announced that if action Is taken, all of the con? ferees would be sworn not to divulge ths conference rates in advanos of ths presentation of a rsport to ths house. Every Flashy Show Girt Is Galled "an Mabel Tallaferro In "Success Mags sins" calls attention to a popular in accuracy. She says: It was ths first time I had been brought face to face with the humil? iating fact that, of the average par? son, all. women who make a liveli? hood from the other side of the foot? lights are "actresses." It was not the first ttms I hsd been humiliated by the thought that, no matter how hard I tried, and studied, and worked, or how high I climbed. I would still be classed .with the girl of the pretty face who knew nothing of toll, study, or ambition, and who cared for u "good time" rather than for a good nam j. It was not the first time I had been hurt by the cruel lack of dis? crimination and appreciation which bundled us all In one class?great stars, delightful comediennes, charm? ing ingenues, flashy show girls, bal? let dancers, members of the chorus? and labeled us "actresses." But I had nsver before realized the utter hope? lessness of a situation which absolute? ly d scounted brains, ability, culture, education, birth, sweet womanhood, yearn of study, toll, and strife, and forced the hundreds of good women of the stage to suffer through the thoughtlessness, or the downright badness of a stratum of theatrical so? ciety, which is as far removed from that of the real actress as the position of an Ignorant coal-miner Is from that of the learned engineer who opened up the mine. When Flashy Dressing Is a Drawback. One of the curses of city life Is the unwillingness of young men to marry and assume the responsibility or obli? gations of a family. The consequent absence of the refining, elevating In? fluence of home and family upon the character of both men and women is most disastrous. They live unnatural and unhealthful lives and often be? come sellsh because they are com? pletely absorbed In getting the most they can for themselves, and conse? quently think very Utile about others. Many girls f?e>m to think that their chances of nrgtrrylng man who enn support them In luxury are much en? hanced by extravagant dressing. This Is a great delusion, for men usually nee through them. Girls who dress beyond their means, as a rule, fall to attract, permanently, the wealthy, the wealthy men whom they would like to marry, and often frighten away the youni; men of small means who would be drsiwn to them by their good quali? ties cf mind and heart, which their foolish clothing and hollow pretense serve only to conceal. Young men who are determined to make something of themselves will think a great many times before they marry a young woman with extrava? gant notions, for they know that once a woman has contracted a taste for luxur cs and formed the habit of liv? ing beyond her income, she is rarely content with what a man in moderate circumstances can afford to give her. The Falrfleld County dispensary board puts it squarely up to Atorney General Lyon. What will he do about It? M. Blerlot flew across the English Channel for a k$6.000 purse. How much would It be worth to fly across the Atlantic ocean? Hlchard Storke, a negro boy, of Kldgeway, accidentally shot and kill? ed h mnelf Sunday night Just after comlr p out of a church on Morrel Hill. The bullet entered the right leg, severing the artery, and he bled to death There was mly one witn?- ?< to the shooting, but nothing could bs brought out at the Inquest to connect this witness with the crime, and a verdl(t was rendered in accordance with rhe above facts. A most unusual suicide was that of L>u!s Vanderford, son of Ashmore Vanr < rford. a prominent farmer near L'nloi. Monday morning Loull want? ed t? K>> to work on the public road. His 'ather refused to allow this and sent him off to school. At this the boy look a Winchester rifle, went off to the woods and shot himself through the heart. LETTTCR PROM OORNFLL. Prof. Oourtenay Carson Writes Some Obscrva tlons Prom Cornell Univer? sity. Editor of The Dally Item: I am here In Ithaca attending Cor? nell University again this summer and have had the pleasure of meet? ing two other South Carolinians who are likewise taking advantage of the fine courses of study offered by this great institution. Prof. L. A. Sease, of Lexington, bounty, a member of the first class which graduated from Clemson Col? lege and now teaching In the depart? ment of Engl sh in Clemson, Is here taking special work in English and in school management. Mr. Thomas E. Keitt also a grad? uate of Clemson College and now con? nected with the South Carolina Ex l?eTiment Station as chemist, is busy in the advanced chemical laboratory nere, concocting with the zeal of a Bunson such odorous substances as only true chemists delight in. Your humble servant is also enrolled as a ntodent and spends his time In the irrest Rockefeller Laboratory of Phy filcs. I should like to say here that these heathen begin their classes at 8 o'clock In the morning, winter and summer, and as I have been reared in a Christian country where 9 o'clock is the orthodox hour for such things. I am at a loss to know what to do. Do you think my people would look up? on me as an heretic If I were to pur? chase a large alarm clock and report to classes at half paat eight? Practically no rain has fallen here since the middle of May and yester? day our first good shower came to freshen up the parched lawns. I think we could have spared several showers from our South Carolina sup? ply. Today however, Is rainy and cool and an overcoat would not feel had. Corn and all the oats is very poor. The oats Is Just heading out, and corn which is planted in checks with several stalks to the hill is bare? ly knee high. The seasons here are about two months behind ours and are much shorter also. From sun? rise to sunset, however, at this season Is nearly an hour longer than with us. The great farm product here is milk. This is sold at prices averaging a dol? lar a hundred pounds and is delivered to skimming stations which in turn send the cream to a central churning station, while the farmers can get back their skimmed milk for hog feed. A central skimming station is here at the New York State College of Agriculture and this, my two South Carolina friends and I visted yester? day. The milk is delivered in cans holding five and ten gallons and is poured from these into a tank lead? ing to the separators. A stream of milk pours lntc these machines, which separates the lighter cream from the heavier watery part of the milk by the centrifugal action of cylinders which spin around about 2,000 times per minute. The fresh cream is at once run Into a great power churn, several of which are used. These churns are five or six feet in diameter and hold from a hundred to two hundred gal? lons of cream. After the butter la made it in salted and worked and some is pacfeed in pound blocks for local markets and some In tubs for shipment. They receive here dally four thousand pounds of milk and three thousand pounds of cream and the average output Is twelve hundred pounds of butter a day. A largej amount of cheese Is made here also and you may purchase cheese of any name, age or smell, that you may de t>. re. Coming back from the creamery we passed through the botanical gar? dens where flowers of various sorts are experimented with. This year they have at least a half acre In hol? lyhocks and if you can imagine before you a half acre of pink and yellow and red, every color imglnable, tall stems and short stems, double and slng^ flowers you perhaps get some idea what that plot looks like. There are other flowers also but these are the most striking. There is a striking comparison between the homes and yards here and in most towns in South Carolina. Here every man takes pride in his lawn, there are no fences between the places and no fences near the sidewalk to hide the pretty lawns, nor the dirty ones, so every man tries to keep his yard as neat as his neighbors. The result Is certain? ly pleasing for the streets look like beautiful parked roads and haven't that desolate shut-in air thet Is so characteristic of our State. Ithaca is a city of about twenty thousand inhabitants. There are open bar-rooms all over the city and beer. WlBt or whiskey may be purchased from any drug store. I have been here three summers but have yet to see my first drunk man. I add this becuase I?rof. Sease remarked upon It as remarkable that he had seen no drunkenness at all and compared It with what would be the case In any small town In South Carolina If bar? rooms were there, or even now with the dispensary. Now the reason for this is that here not one man in n thousand ever takes a drink of whis? key. Beer is drunk almost entirely. Instead of coffee the workman takes his can of beer. It is no unusual thing to see a "Dago" at midday emp? ty his dinner into the cover of his din? ner pail and send the pail for a "shillun* " of beer. They seem to thrive on the ration for they are the huskiest set of fellows one ever saw? and the dirtiest. And so it is all over the North; whiskey is not considered "the thing" to drink and consequent? ly proportionately less is used. The New York State law is that all bars shall be closed on Sunday. Sometime ago in a neighboring vilage I saw on the closed door of the "hotel" bar the following notice: "This bar is closed on Sundays. Do you understand." There are a number of foreigners at the University. At the boarding houses here you are liable to run In? to any sort of a mixture unles you are careful. Chinese, Japanese, Hin? doos, Italians, all are here, even a "coon" occasionally hoves into sight, j and whether a student be a prince of England or of some tribe on the Con? go, he is equally welcome?if he has the cash. I don't fancy such mixtures myself, but one becomes somewhat used to seeing the various nationali? ties and doesn't think about it. A number of Chinese and Japanese are sent here by their governments to stdy engineering and agriculture and upon their return home are placed in government positions. As a rule they are quiet, neat looking fellows and stand well In their classes. A COURTENAY CARSON. Rhica, N. Y., July 20, 1909. Speeding His Callers. Getting rid of undersirable callers is as hard as taking care of political? ly undesirable citizens. A profes? sional man in town who regards his time as valuable has devised an ef? fective plan for handling obstreper? ous and persistent conversationalists. He has on his desk a small alarm clock. When a visitor of unpleasant propensities is announced, this man picks up his clock, sets the alarm for three minutes ahead, and receives h's caller. Times goes by, and then the clock does its duty. The busy man starts as he hears the sound, consults his watch, and then rises with a hasty apology. "I'm mighty sorry we won't be able to discuss that longer," he says, "but I've an Important engagement at thi* hour, and must keep it."?Boston Evening Record. Lyon's Opinion Upheld. Columbia, July 27.?According to an official order sent out tonight by Governor Ansel all of the county dis? pensaries will close on August 2. Th*? opinion of Attorney General Lyon is upheld, the opinion being mailed to the different county boards. TRUTH TRIUMPHS. Sumter Citizens Testify for the Pub? lic Benefit. A truthful statement of a Sumter citizen, given in his own words, should convince the most skeptical about the merits of Doan's Kidney Pills. If you suffer from backache, nervousness, sleeplessness, urinary disorders or any form of kidney ills, the cure is at hand. Read this: E. W. Vogel, S. Main St., Sumter, S. C, says: "I had severe pains in the small of my back for several years and whenever I attempted to stoop, my suffering was intensified My back became very weak and on several occasions I was forced to give up my work. , My family physician treated me without giving me any re? lief from the awful pains in my back and I then tried every known remedy on the market but still failed to be benefited. I at last read a testimo? nial regarding Doan's Kidney Pills and was so much impressed that I procured a box of this remedy at China's drug store. After taking the contents I v/as restored to good health and for that reason heartily recommend Doan's Kidney Pills." For sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the name?Doan's?and take no other. _ No. 5. PROCURED AND DCFtNDCD. 8?ndmorteJ? drawing or photo, lor expert search ana free report. Free advice, how to obtain patents, trade narks, Copyright?.etc. in all COUNTRIES. Business direct with Washington saves timt% money and often the patent. Patent and Infringement Practice Exclusively. . Write or come to us at 623 Ninth Street, opp. United States Fatsnt Otter WASHINGTON, D. C._ GASNOW 8c 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents Anyone tending s sketch snd descrlp nulckly ascertain our opinion frea?n Invention m probably P?t?'\!'}!j&n.r,)n TRADE lYlARWSI Designs Copyrights Ac. t ton m?y ether an nimnnlca ,b1e. c.... 11>n??tricti> emnndoiitlld. HANDBOOK on Patents ?eut f roe. Oldest agency for securing[patents. Klents taken through Munn A Co. receive tpeeial notice, wit hout chnrge, la the Scientific American. A handsomely Illustrated weekly mutton of mo ?olentlOo Journal I,?rife*t clr Term*. |3 a 10 InuriiM. i oi in?, w ? ya?Vrfn?r m?ntssTtC Sold by all newsdealer*. MUNN SCo.88'8^-New York BtM.ch "n?, ?36 r BU Wwbluton. D.C. The H3nd You Have Always Bought* and which has been in OS* for over 80 years, has borne the signature of and has been made nnder his per Jrfl* fj-j tonal supervision since its infancy. f'CC4CA44? Allow no one to deceive you in this* All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good " are but Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment* What is CASTORIA Oastorla is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Para* forte, T>rops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other > arcotio substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind Colic It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep, fine Children's Panacea- The Mother's Friend. OKNUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS Bean the Signature of The Kind You Have Always Bought In Use For Over 30 Years. Tue eswTAun smmhv, tt ?iikhav eracsT, new toah onvi Birnies Drug Store, 6 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C. -Dealer In Pure Drugs and Medicines, CHOICE PERFUMES AND FINE TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND BRUSHES, PATENT MEDICINES AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: :: MOTTO: PURE ?ND RELIABLE GOODS. in Our stock is complete and we cheerfully solicit your patronage. :: :: :: Lime, Cement Shingles, Laths, Acme Plaster, Fire Brick, Drain and Sewer Pipe, Building Material of all Kinds, Cow, Hog and Chicken Feed, Hay, , Horses Mviles, Buggies, Wagons and Harness. Wholesale and Retail. :: :: :: :? BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER. L SUMTER, SC. A STRONG ARGUMENT In favor of our building material*1 is that our house is the favorite purchasing place for builders who have the reputation of putting up the best residences, public buildings and stores in Sumter. You get nothing but the best here, whether it be lumber or sash and doors, and out prices are beyond competition. The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Factory, J. W. MeKeiver, Proprietor. Who Deposits Your Money? FIRST NATIONAL BANK, Sumter, S. C. "it's Square." Whv not deposit yonr own money and pay all yoar bills by check? Ha\e a receipt for all the money yon spend. When you own a good bank aecouut, you get more benefit from good times and less harm from hard onea. We Want Your Business.