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(KB SUlfTEH WATCHMAN, BMaMI
"onsol (dated Aug. 2. 188
C be (KHitlrbman ani> &ootjiron.
Published Wednesday and Saturday
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Obituaries and tributes of respects
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EBB6ATI0N BAY AT FAIR.
SCHOOL4 AND COLLEGES WILL
HE LARGELY REPRESENTED.
No Admission Charged Latter Sent
State Superintendent Swearingen
By Secretary Love on the Subject.
Columbia. Aug. 4.?The fair society
Is aow st work on plan? for an edu?
cational day during A>lr week. This
waa decided on at the February meet?
ing of the executive committee and
Tuesday was flxsd aa the day for this
r Secrets-y Love has sent out no
tlcee to ?chools and colleges asking
that all cooperate In making the day
a success. The city, the railroads
and all public organisations will lend
their aid In the work. There will be
no charge for any pupil or student
\ of a school or college on that day and
sny sdult accompanying a student or
pupil will be admitted on a half rate.
It Is required that the students or
pupils secure their free admission
cards from the proper officers of the
institution the week before the fair
Mr. Love has sent the following let?
ter to State Superintendent J. E.
February meeting of the
d Mechanical Society of
ti South Carolina It was unanimously
'decided to make Tuesday of next fair
week 'college and school day.' aa you
will note jfram the Inclosed notltes.
I notice taat In August you will be?
gin your educational campaign and
at your convenience I would like to
^confer with you relative to handling
this matter In connection with your
campaign and getting out auch liter?
ature as will be necessary for the
proper understanding of the matter.
"All the railroads entering this city
and other roads In the State have
Sj expressed s willingness to furnish ev
sry transportation facility possible
sad to have special agents to super
CASHIER A DEFAULTER?
'C'alhoun Harris, Secretary and Asnist
ant Tree surer of Orr Mills Arreste*I
On Charge of Defaulting- About
$60.000?Kays it Is Duo to Clerical
Anderson. Aug. t.?Secretary and
r-Asalstant Cashier Calhoun karris ol
^the Orr cotton mills was arrested this
morning on a warrant obtained by
President J. D. Hammett. charging
breach of trust. It being alleged that
he misappropriated 160,000 or more
? of the company's funds. Tonight he
f>An quartered under guard In a ro n
, at the Chlquola hotel and refuses to
give out any statement otherwise
than that he has not misappropriated
one dollar of the company's money
and that everything will be found all
right when the expert accountants get
r through with auditing the books.
He admits that his bonks are tang
. led and that they have been for some
He also admits that he has made
false entries to get balances at dif?
> The first Intimation of a shortage
came on Tuesday of last week. About
two weeks ago two accountants of
the American Audit Company came
to Anderxon to audit the books of the
mills, ss Is customary about once a
year. After working foi a few days
u the experts found one or two Items
p which did not app< ir correct. On
further examination It appeared thai
Mr. Harris was short In his account
$??.000 and when his attention was
called to It he said the showing wax
correct, hut claimed that It was due
to cl?rlcul errors.
$ Will Inmcan, colored, was scaM ?1
to death at HurTnIo Cotton Mills.
The business men of Chariestag
held s meeting Tuesday ami declared
themselves as being In favor of the
^ - - J
sited April, I860.
'Be Just an
SPANISH IlEVOLT COMING TO AN
Some Disturbance In Parts of Cata?
lonia?Don Jaime Not Involved,
Says He Will Not Interfere In Po?
litical Crisis?-More Fighting in Mo?
Madrid, Aug. 3.?The cabinet is
considering a plan of extending the
time for the payment of commercial
paper which was affected by the
cessation of commerce during the in?
surrection In Barcelona.
Gen. Marina reported this after?
noon a Spanish manoeuvre against
the Moors. He set a trap for the
Moors. While he manoeuvred seven
battalions In front of the Moorish
position, the battleship Numancia
moved down ththe cost to attaok the
enemy In the rear. They took the
bait, moved forward and at once fell
under concentrated fire of the fort
and the Numancia. They retreated
In disorder, leaving many dead.
>Tne attack upon a blockhouse In
course of construction began at mid?
night of Monday. A large body of
Moors stole out In the darkness from
the foothills of Mount Guruga, and
rained bullets for three hours upon
the half completed fortress. The
small Spanish contingent defended
tl.j block house valiantly and then a
Soanlsh column of six companies
hurried up to the rescue and succeed?
ed in dispersing the enemy. A large
number of their dead were carried off
by the Moors In the retreat.
Gen. Marina jhas issued urgent or?
ders for the completion of the block?
house which Is necessary to assure
A balloon was sent up today and
observations were made of 54 gorges
and ravines on Mount Guruga where
thousands of tribesmen were seen
preparing for a grest battle.
Except in certain Isolated localities
of Catalonia tranqulllty now reigns
throughout Spain, according to an
announcement, today by the,minister
f of' the Interior.
A column of troops today marched
on Sabadell, 10 miles from Barcelona,
where the insurgents are still hold?
ing out. with orders to repress mer?
cilessly any resistance that might be
Barcelona, Aug. 3.?A number of
prisoners who were being held on
board the Spanish gunboat Temerarlo
have been liberated. Communication
by train with the outside world is In?
creasing and commerce is being ac?
Workmen have returned to their
labors and the authorities announce
that order has been restored.
Paris, Aug. 3.?In a dispatch from
San Sebastian, a correspondent of
The Temps says he has learned from
an authoritative source that the out?
break at Barcelona was a result of a
republican plot, which was timed to
coincide with a general strike all over
Spain, scheduled for August 2. The
movement at Barcelona was prema?
The plot was betrayed to/the gov?
ernment, which was able to block the
efforts of the organizers at Bilbao.
Madrid and elsewhere.
Vienna, Aug. 3.?Don Jaime, the
pretender to the Spanish throne, says
he has no Intention of Interfering In
the political crisis In Spain and that
his retirement to Frohsdorf In lower
Austris far fropi the Spanish fron?
tier, was proof Ct his peaceful pur?
"The Carllsts party Is a party of
order," said Don Jaime, "I never will
take upon myself to bring an entire
people Into danger for my own ends.
Never will I lead Spanlaid against
Don Jaime is of the opinion that
the war In Morocco was unavoidable
and he fears It will last a long tim ?.
Mlllea. Morocco, Aug. 3.?A large
fgfgg of Moors, comprising conting?
ents from the coast and inland trib s.
are today gathering in front of Al
hucemas, the island fortress and prison
settlement belonging to Spain on the
? ist of Morocco, evidently In prep
aratlon for an attack.
Friday, August ?, win be the one
hundredth anlversary of the birth of
Lord Tennyson. The Fine Arts So
( lets of London, will give an elabor
Mary Indll, aged four years, arai
shot and killed in the h one of her
grandparents on "Factory HUI," Dar?
IlBSjton? It Is not known how it hap?
pened, but It is supposed to have
been caused by her knocking down
a gun that was standing In a corner
?f the house.
d Fear not?Let eil the ends Thou Ain
MTER. 8. 0.. SATTJB
TO PREVENT ELECTION.
CHARLESTON LAWYERS APPLY
FOR A RESTRAINING ORDER.
Say Act is Unconstitutional?Motion
Is Made Before Chief Justice Jones
In Lancaster?Petition Would Con?
Lancaster, Aug. 3.?Messrs. Holl
man and Grace, lawyers from Char?
leston, appeared before Chief Justice
Jones Jones this evening for a rule to
show cause in the case of Thomas M.
Jellico, petitioner, vs. H. W. Conner.
John H. Conlon and Wm. D. Clarke,
The case Involves an attack on the
recent statute closing dispensaries
and providing for an election on Au?
gust 17 charging unconstitutionally
on two grounds: First, that it violates
the article requiring the subject of I
th1 act to be expressed in the title,
and, second, that it Is special legisla?
tion. The wish is that the Supreme
Court assembled on or about August 11
and hear the case. If the court is un?
willing or unable to assemble then
a rule to show cause will be issued re?
turnable before the chief justice and
he will pass upon the case at his
chambers, subject, of course, to right
of appeal to the whole court.
The effect?qX sustaining the conten?
tion of the petitioner would be to pre?
vent the elections and continue pro?
hibition in force.
Columbia, Aug. 4.?Word was re?
ceived from Charleston last night that
the Impression in that city is that the
attempt to prevent the elections on
August 17 is not taken very seriously.
The action of the lawyers is of course
not instigated by the county dispen?
sary authorities and it is not known
precisely what faction or persons are
behind it except that it Is taken for
granted that they are not In sym?
pathy with the county dispensary sys?
tem. It Is further believed that the
prohibitionists, have nothing to do
C<y*TOtf STlliL FALLING:
Reports Are Bullish, But Cotton Falls
Off From 12 to 18 Points?South?
ern Spots Unchanged to 3-8 of a
Cent Lower?General Liquidation
New York, Aug. 4.?There was fur?
ther sharp break In the cotton mar?
ket today under continued bear pres?
sure and general liquidation, and
while there was some Improvement
during the late trading with the clos?
ing tone steady, last prices showed
a net loss of 12 to 18 points. The
market opened steady at an advance
of 6 points to a decline of 1 point, but
while there was some buying on bet?
ter cables than expected, and the
weather map showing no improve?
ment In Southwestern conditions, of?
ferings were very heavy and leading
local operators renewed their aggres?
sive selling of the previous day.
Prices soon eased off in consequence,
stop loss orders were caught, and
during the middle of the day selling
became general In spite of the detail?
ed weather report from Texas show?
ing no precipitation of consequence
and extremely high temperatures at
many stations. This report caused a
net advance of about 11 points dur?
ing the middle of the morning but
stimulated little demand aside from
covering by room shorts, and the low
point of the day was reached during
the afternoon when October contracts
sold at 11.92 and January at 12.01,
with the general list showing a net
loss of 29 to 37 points, and of about
68 to 76 points as compared with the
high prices reached after the publica?
tion of the government report on
Monday. Covering caused a rally of
several points later, but trading was
less active on the rally than it had
been on the decline and sentiment
was evidently much unsettled with
January closing at 12.18 bid. Crop
news shows no Improvement except,
possibly, from some sections of the
Kastern belt, and sellers supposed to
be actuated either by local specula?
tive conditions or by expectations
with approaching new crop move?
ment can not be absorbed at present
prices. There is talk of cheaper now
crop offerings from the South and
Southern spot market officially re?
ported early were unchanged to 8*8
Receipts at tin; ports today 522
bales, against t;i;? last week and 8,986
laat year. For the week 18,000 hales,
against 14,447 las! week und 21,988
last y.ar. Today's receipts at New
Orleans 201! bales, aaglnst 41T? last
Spot (dosed quiet, 88 points lower;
middling uplands 12.60; middling
gulf 18<95; sales n?>ne. Futures open?
ed and closed steady.
: and !
is t at be thy Country's, Tliy God's an
LDAY. AUGUST 7. IS
A SLUMP IN GOITON.
PRICES CLOSED AT DECLINE OF
28 TO 33 POINTS.
Aggressive Hear Pressure?Strong
Attacks on Market and Liquida?
tion by Monday's Buyers Lowered
Level of Prices.
New York, Aug. 3.?The / cotton
market suffered a severe break dur?
ing today's trading as a result of ag?
gressive bear pressure and liquida?
tion by yesterday's buyers. The close
was barely steady at a net decline of
28 to 33> points.
The opening was easy at a decline
of 9 to 15 points in response to dis?
appointing cables, and while there
was a good demand from commission
houses as well as some covering by
shorts, the market gradually eased off
under aggressive bear pressure which
seemed to be based upon an idea that
Monday's bullish bureau had been
discounted and that a catering long
interest was In the market which
might be forced to liquidate. This
view of the situation seemed to be
materializing when stop loss orders
were uncovered during the late after?
noon. Dec. contracts had sold at
12.27; or 46 points below the high
level of yesterday, with the general
list showing a net loss of 36 to 38
points. At this level offerings for
long account diminished and some of
the early sellers seemed to be buying
back their cotton, but after a rally to
12.45 for December there was a re?
newal of bear pressure .and fluctua?
tions later showed continued nervous?
ness with December closing at '12.32
bid. Weather advices showed no pre?
cipitation of consequence In the
Southwest, where it is believed to be
badly needed, and temperatures at 15
stations ranged from 100 to 106 de?
grees. But the market seemed to be
less influenced by crop news than by
e geenral position and the persistent
pressure kept on prices by some of
the leading local interests.
Receipts at the ports today 1,090
bales, against 3,139 last week and 4,
105 last year. For the week^l8,000
bales, against 14,347 last week and
21,983 last year. Today's receipts at
New Orleans 176 bales, against 668
Cotton spots closed' quiet, 25 points
lower; middling uplands 12.85; mid?
dling gulf 13.21; sales 400 bales.
No Jobs For Democrats.
Washington, August 4.?Applicants
for positions as supervisors of the
census in South Carolina should ap?
ply to L. W. C. Blalock and J. G.
Capc.s. For some time The News
and Courier correspondent has made
repeated efforts to ascertain what line
of policy Director Durand, of the cen?
sus bureau, would follow with regard
to the appointment of census supervi?
sors in the South, especially In South
Carolina. Mr. Durand hasi apparent?
ly been as much in the dark as any
one else, but gradually lktle by lit?
tle his plans are unfolding.
To members of the South Carolina
delegation in congress, who have Im?
portuned Mr. Durand for some Indi?
cation as to what he would do', the
latter has been exceedingly stingy
with his information. Today, how?
ever, it is learned through one of the
South Carolina members that Demo?
crats are to fare very poorly when
the appointments are made, if, in?
deed, any at all are recognized; that
all applications, must have the Bla
lock-Capers "OK." before they will be
given consideration; and that lastly,
in counties like Beaufort and Char?
leston, where there is a large negro
population, the latter are to be re?
warded with appointments as enum?
erators in many of the sections where
the negroes outnumber the whites.
Representative Patterson, who saw
Director Durand today about the
matter, informed the director that it
would not do to appoint neuro enum?
erators, and he further informed him
that so far as the white people of
Beaufort and other counties in South
Carolina are concerned, they would
not stand for it. It was then practi?
cally decided thai negroes should
work only in nemo sections and white
men In white sections, it came out
In the Interview that Capers and Bla?
lock would probably advise ill appli?
cations before Anal action,
Mr. Capers has acted with consid?
erable courtesy to the members of the
delegation who have approached him
about the matter, taking into con?
sideration the fact that he could
hardly be?supposed to fall In with
their plans for the appointment ol
Democrats. There is no fault there*
fore with him.
Prom all over South Carolina ap?
plications for these placet arc pour?
ing in, but no appointments would be
made, this correspondent was today
informed, before October 1.
d Truth's." THE THU1
?09. New Ser
WILL VOTE ON TARIFF.
CONFERENCE REPORT WILL BE
DECIDED UPON SOON.
Suggestion for an Agreement to Take
A Vote is Made by Bailey and Indi?
cates the Collapse of all Important
Opposition?Democrats Will Fight
For Free Cotton Bagging?Change
Is Made in Hide and Leather
Washington, August 3.?The com?
plete collapse of all important oppo?
sition to the conference report on the
tariff bill was evidenced today when
the senate agreed to vote on that
measure at 2 o'clock next Thursday.
Half an hour after unanimous con?
sent had been given for the adoption
of that course, a general disinclina?
tion on the part of the senators to
speak brought an early adjournment
until noon tomorrow.
When the senate met today, the
lack of interest in the proceedings|
was very evident. This had .been
caused by an agreement on the part
I of Western senators to vote upon the
I conference report and to correct the
I hide and leather schedule, to which
J they objected yesterday, by means of
I a concurrent resolution to be acted
I upon separately. The form of the
I latter was agreed upon in an inform
I al conference today. The change will
I make dutiable at 10 p^er cent "boots
I and shoes, the upper leather of which
I is made wholly or in chief value from
I the hides or skins of cattle, including
I ffalf skins." A similar change will be
I made in relation to harness, saddles
I and saddlery.
I The effect of the amendment is to
I make the reduced duties on boots
I and shoes and harness and saddlery
I apply to such articles as are com
I posed of leather from the hides and
j skins of cattle and calf skins, instead
I of confining the reductions to articles
j made from hides which have hitherto
I been dutiable. The range of the re
I duction is greatly increased.
The suggestion for an agreement to
j vote was made in the senate by Mr.
representing the mlnoiity, ano
I at once concurred In by the chairman
I of the finance committee. The Texan
I admitted tbat there might be consld
I erable debate on the concurrent reso
I lutlon, but it Is not believed the dis
I cusslon can be continued many hours.
I Senator Culberson gave notice that
I he would seek to amend the concur
I rent resolution by placing cotton bag
I ging on the free list, that article hav
I ing been placed there by the senate
I and removed by the conference com
Questions by Senator Newlands
I colled forth a statement from Mr. Al
I drich to the effect that he believed
I th2 conference provision giving the
I president authority to gather inform
I ation relating to the enforcement of
I the maximum and minimum clause
I was broader and would be found to
I be more effective than contemplated
I by the clause as originally adopted by
I the senate, if would, he thought, au
I thorize the collection of statistics of
I cost of production at home and
DR. GUERRY ON APPENDICITIS.
Columbia, Aug. 4.?"Don't operate
as soon as you see a case of appen?
This is the advice given to surgeons
and physicians recently at Atlantic
City at the American Medical Asso?
ciation's annual convention by Dr.
LeGrand Guerry, of Columbia.
Dr. Guerry spoke from an experi?
ence drawn from: 54 5 appendicitis
operations with only two deaths. This
is a mortality of three-tenths of 1 per
"Of course it all depends on the
time which has elapsed after the
trouble has started, ' said Dr. Guerry.
"If the case is diagnosed within 36
hours after the trouble begins, it is
better to operate at once. But if it
has not been diagnosed until the
third or fourth day, it will be better
not to hurry the operation. Give the
trouble a chance to become localized.
Remember thai: nature can do som
things. Remember that there are
powers in tissues to resist Infection
and to place 1> eands to it. Often it
is better to treat the patient and to
Kivos time for the trouble to localise
before removing the appendix."
Or. Guerry said that 68 of his
cases had been diagnosed on the third
or fourth day. It was in the hand?
ling of these cases that he considered
the important work had been done,
and in all of them he had taken pain
to give the infection time to become
The papers say that Rock Hill will
press the case against City Treasurer
May for embessling fourteen thou?
sand dollars of the city's money.
E SOUTHRON, Established June, IM
ies?Vol. XXIX. No 48
EDUCATORS IN MARLBORO.
TRUSTEES AND TEACHERS HEAR
?Neighborhood Pusses" Receive At?
tention?What Marllmro is Doing
is Related by Prof. Hand.
Bennetsville, Aug. 4.?Marlboro'*
educational rally, under the direction
of the campaign for education now*
being carried on in the State, was
held in the court house today. The
number present was not as great as
v. as hoped for, but it was represen?
tative, being made up largely of
school trustees, teachers and others
interested in tho work.
The meeting was called to order
by the county superintendent of edu?
cation, Mr. W. D. Roberts, of the Tur?
tum school who spoke from the
viewpoint of the teacher. He empha?
sized the importance of the school
life being close to that of the com?
munity and pointed out some plans
which he had found helpful in arous?
ing the Interest of the community
generally in the work of the school.
Mr. J. Jj McSwain said some good!
things in discussing the subject of
"Neighborhood Fusses." He stressed
the importance of the school work,
and showed how this work is injured!
and retarded by insignificant differ?
ences, such as school boundaries, lo?
cation of buildings, selection of teach?
ers and other personal differences
which trustees and patrons allow to>
control and shape the work of the
Rev. R. E. Turnipseed pointedly
and briefly spoke of the dangers of
education taking merely the material
ideal. He would have this phase ofT
the work properly pushed forwards
but he would not have less advance?
ment in the line of humanltarlanlsnr.
He would demand material results,
but he would also require moral im?
Mr. C. P. Hodges was' called upon?
as a trustee, and he presented some*
valuable ideas. He safd fie wouicl
much prefer a school of four a*-?ntfc*j*J
u ith a first-class teacher, to a school
of six months with a poor teacher. He
declared that "ability to teach is
cheap at any price, and Inability to
teach in the school room is dear at
Mr. D. D. McCoIl, Jr., made an mV
teresting speech on educational con?
ditions and needs in this State. He
discussed the school law, and point?
ed out some of its defects. He com?
pared the present system with the*
school system prior to 1868 and em?
phasized the frtct that each county'
and community must help itself lift*
the matter of raising funds. All ap?
provements must lo?k to putting in
the school room the right kind of'
Proi. W. H. Hand of the Universe v-'
of South Carolina was the last speali
er, and he was listened to with mark?
ed attention. Familiar with the school
needs of the State, he was practical
in hi3 suggestions. He made known
the comparative financial condition
and efforts being made in this coun?
ty. He treated the length of the
school term in the same way, and!
spoke of the importance of the high
school, pointing out the waste of time
and money spent in sending boys and!
girls to college before they are real?
ly prepared to do college work. Kiss
talk was well received and will doubt?
less do good.
Marlboro County has 36 school dis?
tricts and only half of that number
have a special levy. The average sal?
ary paid teachers in this County in
1907 was $287, while the average for
the entire State Is only $289. The
school term was 20 weeks er 10fr
days, while the stand is 180 davs, the
average school term for the Stale be?
ing 112 days. It is hoped thai an?
other year will show good effects o?
the tnee4Jr?i here today.
p.ut None of the Columbia Parly Wa**
The excursion party of the 5v.*a
board under personal conduct of c.
ii. Qattis, en route from Seattle, met
with a slight delay at Dubuque, Iowa..
Monday. The train was derailed an
the Illinois Ccn.ral road.
Mr. ?1. S. Etchberger, traveling p-*i*?
senger agent of the Seaboard A?'
Line, With headquarters la Colund i s.
yesterday received the folowtnsj tcu
gram from Mr. Qattis:
"Our party derailed at Dubu\ir?<
[owa, on Illinois. Central this morn
ing. No one was hurt or received Bi
scratch. For fear Of Associated PrCSBJ
dispatches, please confer with news?
papers and nivc them facts. Fou.v
rear cars left the rads. but no aai
age was done and we reached Chi* .1
Ko only two hours late."?The Statt