Newspaper Page Text
Cjit tfiAntcbman anb ?ratbron
? _*_ ... 1 1
WEaWCftOAY, AUSUST 18, 1909.
Tb.? Sumter Watchman wai found?
ed In 1850 and tha True Southron In
IM?. The Watchman and Southron
law aas the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
saedtum In Bumter.
It being unlawful to deliver, ac
eept or receive any liquor, we trust
we are not too credulous when we
experts ths hope that some ardent
prohibitionist will make it his per?
sonal doty to prosecude the rsilroad
and express agents for delivering and
each and every citisen who receives
liquor of any kind or description.
Then we shall have real prohibition.
Tomorrow will not be too soon to
? ? ?
Now that the political frensy of
prohibition la at an end temporarily,
ere would suggest that the I. O. O. T.
be reorganised and a campaign for
teal tesneprance be Inaugurated. If
something of this sort is not done
nil the fret and fury of political pro?
hibition will go for naught, except for
the offices that it will give the lead
? ? ?
If Ssmter county goes dry. as ap?
pears to be the caa?. we propose to
obey the law and neither aid, abet
nor encourage those who violate It.
Will every man who voted the pro?
hibition ticket pledge as much?
The ftrst annual report of Super?
intendent Gmmonn. of the State Re?
formatory at Florence. Is satisfactory
and encouraging- The institution nils
a lung felt want In South Carolina
and will assuredly save many boys
erho would otherwise develop into
e e o
The Supreme Court has dismissed
the pKition In the Jelllco ca??.
brought up from Charleston for the
purpose of having the law under
Urbich the election Is to be held de?
clared invalid, and the election will
be held Tuesday as the law directs.
The issue b? clear cut and the man
who dodges the Issue by remaining
away from the polls will fail In his
duty The Issue Is, shall we have the
sale mi liquor, legalised under strin?
gent regulations, or shall the sale be
prohibited and let the blind tigers
supply the thirsty without regula
? ? ?
Dneeai ws sre greatly mistaken the
legislature that is elected next sum?
mer will contain a majority pledged
to enact a drastic State-wide prohibi?
tion law. This opinion Is founded on
the fact that a majority of the coun?
ties will be dry under the local op?
tion law. and the prohibitionists who
control thoti? counties are determin?
ed to extend statutory prohibition to
nil counties, regardless of the wishes
of the respective counties that may
declare for the dispensary next Tues?
day Mouth Carolina is In for State
wtd* prohllbtlon In 1911. unless con?
ditions under so-called prohibition
beonme Intolerable before that time,
and a revulalon of sentlmnt in favor
of regulation of ths liquor traffic oc
?'OTTIW MA ICK KT 1II4.HI Ii.
fUesdv at \ (Iva nee of 3 to 9 Points?
Ireral l pward Tendency.
New York. Aug. 16.?The cotton
market was very quiet today. but
while fluctuations were more or less
lrreau' ? ?? the general ruling of prices
was higher and tiie gearket dosed
steady at a net advance of 3 to 0
points. The market opened steady
at an advance of 3 to 5 points in re?
sponse to steady late cables form Liv?
erpool , . ports of rcnewd clear hot
weather In the Southwest and expec?
tations of a bullish private condition
report at midday There was not any
aggressive bull support, however, and
the market aag?>gd off during the
morning under scattering liquidation
and hear pressure i itll prices were
within 3 or 4 points of Saturday's
flnals The private condition report
proved even more bullish than ex?
pect d. making the condition 70 per
cent. aKslnst the report of 75 by the
same i-ithorlty toward the end of July
and the market was steadier during
the afternoon, selling at about th"
high*--" point of the day. This Im
??to'-ot w as n >? fully malnt lined,
and th?? market at times
rti iow that a comparatively
small order would Influence either
way. The detailed Texas report
showed no rain over Sunday and high
temperature* ut many points, and the
forecast was for clear weather gen?
erally In the western belt. Southern
? pot market* oMh lally reported earlv
were generally unchanged. One of
the private cables received from Liv?
erpool nald the South was an anxious
seller of spots at pre.-, nt prices and
that dally offerings were large, but
another cable reported that the Man?
chester market was Improving slowly
god that the tone was more cheerful.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of s unit er
The Watchman and Southron having decided to douhle its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and published.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, S. C. .
Is an Important subject and ,the clip?
ping published in this paper is well
worth a careful study. Will republish
the scries as they appear in that old
stand-by, the Southern Cultivator.
E. W. D.
Some Random Thoughts.
I am glad to see that Prof. Mas
sey admits that in the humid sec?
tions of the country there often is
much loss of corn and fodder when
shocked. If it is ever the best way
to save corn in this section it is for
ate corn that ripens in September
und that would be in the shocks dur
"Inoculation and the Nitrogen Sup?
ply" is a subject that needs more at?
tention from our cotton farmers. Men
vho have depended on commercial
'ertlllsers for their crops find that
there Is a gradual increase in the
amount of fertilisers used to keep up
i he Increase In production of the
crops. And that the Increased use of
ortillzers is more than the increase
In yield. I do not mean to say that
t he fertilizers do not pay, but that
the fertilizers are too heavy a tax on
the farm and that It Is growing heav?
ier each year instead of lighter.
Showing that the land is not growing
richer. For this reason I have ar
ranged for Prof. Goodrich to be at
.vlayesvllle on Wednesday. We have
??round Mayesville some of the best
farmers that I know of anywhere,
hut their Increased yields are not
keeping pace with increased use of
? e ! c
The finest field of corn of its size
that I ever saw is Mr. Parker's, near
Galllard's Cross Roads?90 acres
that will make from 50 to 60 bushels
per acre. It has been variously esti
mated at from 50 to 80 bushels, and
I think 50 or 60 bushels safe and
ago for $6 per acre. It is now held
at $50 per acre, and land all around
it Is selling for $50 to $60 per acre
totally unimproved, and mainly be?
cause there is a fine road leading
through the section. Part of this
road is shelled and part is covered
with clay on the deep sand, and that
part is occasionally dragged with a
King log drag, and is an excellent
road and made cheaply, for the orig?
inal deep sand gives a good drainage.
Few people realize how cheaply' a
good road can be made in a sandy
section by covering with clay and
dragging, or how cheaply in a clay
section the road may be made good
by shaping it to drain and covering
with sand or gravel. Making good
roads should also be a part of the
Instruction in the rural schools along
with the elements of agriculture.?
Prof. Massey in Progressive Farmer.
Inoculation and the Nitrogen Supply.
A correspondent asks If it pays to
buy the artificial cultures for In?
oculating soil with bacteria for the
legumes. He also adds that in talk?
ing with a gentleman this man told
him that it does not pay to fertilize
peas, as they will get less nitrogen
and the following crop will not be as
good as where the peas were not fer?
It is always best to be exact about
these matters. Peas, clover and other
legume crops are greatly benefltted
by applications of phosphate, and in
many soils by potash. But if we give
them ammonia (the hydride of ni?
trogen) they will use this and will
not get as much nitrogen from the
air. Hence, the crop following will
not be benefltted as much because
the peas or clover have taken the
soil nitrogen and have not left an in?
crease. It is, therefore, a waste of
.money to apply ammonlated fertilizer
to peas or clover. And if farmers get
to farming right in a short rotation
counted the ears on a half acre rowj with peas and clover frequently on
i>efore making my estimate. Mr. | the land, and aided by phosphatlc fer
I'arker finds corn more profitable | tlllzers. they will find that there is no
need for the purchase of ammonia or
nitrogen in any shape for most
An English bulletin recently pub?
lished says that on grass land dur?
ing eleven years the use of phosphat
ic fertilizers increased the nitrogen in
the soil 815 pounds more than in the
soil that has had no fertilizer. The
plots, too, which had had during that
time applications of sulphate of am
monb* and nitrate of soda in addi?
tion to the phosphatlc fertilizers, con?
tained less nitrogen than those which
had received phosphate only.
This may help to account for the
success of the Maryland wheat grow?
ers who use only acid phosphate, or
acid phosphate with 2 per cent, of
potash. These farmers formerly use*!
a complete fertilizer on wheat, and
made twelve to fifteen bushels per
acre, while since using only the
phosphatlc fertilizers, their crops
have gone up to forty or fifty bushels
per aero of wheat. But they grow
clover, of course.
Thalf success corroborates what I
have for many years been insisting
upon, that no farmer needs to buy
nitrogen if he farms right. This is
especially true of the cotton farmer,
who will farm in rotation with peas
ad crimson clover, and exchange his
cotton seed for meal and hulls, and
feed tile meal in a judicious way with
He will have only to buy acid
phosphate for his cotton crop, or
acid phosphate and potash in most
of our eastern soils, and he will gain
all the nitrogen needed by the cotton
crop If these are applied to the pea
and crimson clover crops that should
precede the cotton.
Thousands of Southern farmers are
applying four pounds of ammonia
per acre In 200 pounds of the poor
2?8?I goods, when if they had had
the previous summer a crop of peas
following small grain for hay, and
than cotton. He was composting lt*l
oat straw and stable manure to ap?
ply on his pea stubble 1st of Septem?
ber, when he will sow rye for a win?
ter crop to be plowed in for corn next
season, if he will add some winter
legume, and put more fences around
his farm the conditions will then 1>p
ideal for the greatest improvement.
a e i
The Gen. Sumter Agricultural So?
ciety was formally launched on the
14th. Gen. W. E. James for many
years secretary and for 15 years pres?
ident of the Darlington Agrlcultura'
Society, was present and gave the
benefit of his experience.
Crops in the upper parts of the
county show the effects of the ex?
cessive rains, and with a very few
exceptions are the poorest I ever saw
in that section.
Notable exceptions are the corn
crop of Mr. Parker and the cotton
on the Aycock farm, which is the
bist I have seen there in several
years, and I think Is the result of us?
ing green co?ton seed, the piles of
which dotted the fields in February
as far as the eye could see.
E. W. D.
What a Good Road Is Worth.
Few farmers fully realize what
good roads will do for them, not only
In the greater facility for hauling
l>n?duoe, and saving the tax on
horses and wagons, hut in the gen
eral Improvement of the neighbor?
hood. Right here, where I now live
there Is a farm on a smooth shell
road where there was formerly d<-ep
sand. This farm was sold under th?
old conditions to the present owner
for $27 nn acre. He has refused $250
an acre for It. and told me recently
that he could get $400 per acre on
that part of the farm that lien near
the city limits if he wanted to sell It.
But on another fine road four miles , the peas followed by crimson clover
from town there Is another farm that I to turn under for cotton, they would
has not been Improved at all. My have had fifty pounds of nitrogen in
mother sold that farm over 50 years stead of four pounds for the cotton,
and with crimson clover sown among
the cotton, and the home-made ma?
nure from the cotton seed meal, pea
hay and corn stover spread on this
clover in the winter, they would nev?
er need to buy any fertilizer what?
ever for the corn crop. In fact, in a
few years of rotation with the le?
gumes, the only fertilizer the cotton
farmer, as a rule, would need to buy
Will be acid phosphate, and in some
soils potash, for the peas and clover,
for they will do the rest, and you will
get more cotton and at a less cost
than by using a complete fertilizer
for cotton, and every other crop
grewn, and can afford to be very lib?
eral with the peas and clover.
Do not buy artificial cultures for
inoculation, but get soil from an
inoculated field and spread a barrel
per acre. The prepared "cultures"
give good results when handled ac?
cording to directions, and when con?
ditions are favorable; but ordiarily
the soil inoculation la cheaper and
more certain.?Prof. Massey In Pro?
Notes and Comments on Recent Is?
There is no doubt that in the hu?
mid climate of the Southern coast
section there Is often much loss of
fodder that is cut off and shocked,
and I often am inclined to hesitate
in advising farmers in that section
to cut and shock their corn. Only
last week I had a letter from a very
Intelligent farmer in Beaufort Coun?
ty, X. C, saying that he Is puzzled,
as he prefers to clear the ground at
once, but that In three seasons out of
five the corn and fodder have been
damaged In the shocks.
I believe that it is true that the
man who tops and strips his corn at
the usual tlmea loses enough corn to
pay for the labor of saving the fod?
der, but so far as the actual labor la
concerned, there is little to choose
between the two methods. Hence, T
can not always blame the farmers In
the humid sections for adhering to
the old practice.?Prof. Massey In
What Win He Do With His Money?
We believe It was the late Simpn
Newcomb who said that at the "con?
flux of commodities and gold there
aws always prosperity," which is hut
another way of describing the work?
ing of the law of supply and demand
with the added modern method of
being there with the goods when the
demand shows up. So when the tar?
iff is out of the way and every busi?
ness has adjusted itself, as best it
can, to the new schedule, the Ques?
tion comes up as to what is the most
encouraging feature to the situation.
That is easily answered. It is the
big and the profit showing crops of
From now until late in the fall the
farmer will have something to bring
to market, something to turn into
money and make trade for himself
and for others. Among the b'g crops,
this Is wheat's time for the spot
light. A line of reapers Is passing
like a wave up the country. These
reapers are now upon a line about
parallel with the lower boundary of
the State of Pennsylvania, and they
extend almost across the entire con?
tinent. The farmers of the winter
wheat belt are giving their attention
now to their next big crop, which is
corn; while further to the south,
with the main orop cotton, there is
the best of feeling an account of the
A president of one of railroads has
figured that the increased money in?
come which the crops of the country,
at the present outlook of prices, are
going to bring to the farming com?
munity, taking the cereals and cotton
and all. will lie as much as $400,000,
000. This is the profit over the mon?
ey received for the crops last year,
for the expenses of production have
been but little. If any. higher than
last season. With this much to in?
vest and spend the farmer will he
the current of gold to which old Si?
mon Newcomb referred and there is
prosperity for those businesses that
can form the conflux with his need!
During the panic the farmer was
the one who had the money and he
did not spend because he did not
know what would happen and how
things would turn out; last year he
was "conservative" in his expendi?
tures, but why should he wait longer
for what he wants?
The first thing the successful farm?
er wantl is muri? of the land that
yielded him the returns; next, the
Improvement of what he owns, his
buildings and the equipment for his
farm; then he considers hi* pleasure
and his comfort. To any ore of these
lines of investment the lumbermen
will contribute, even in the purchase
of land. Lumber, machinery, vehi?
cles and furniture represent the
branches of trade that Will be Widely
benefltted in Whatever increase in in?
come the American farmer enjoys,
though he stands able to contribute
to the revival of prosperity for all.
Far back In the hills of Tennessee
today there are farmers with money
e/ho heretofore knew only debt. And
this state is no exception.?Southern
Lumberman, Aug. 7.
America nit i>?Can it Be Cured?
"Hurry is the devil," says an Ara?
bian proverb. Although we under
stand that the Oriental has a con?
stitutional prejudice against haste, it
might be well for us to consider the
proverb seriously applied to ourselves
at a nation. The morning paper gives
us a daily list of deaths by suicide,
apoplexy and insanity?men in the
prime of life rushing into eternity,
desperate because they are left be?
hind in the race or driven mad by the
rush of the business world.
What is the matter? Is it the
changing climate that stimulates the
nervous system to abnormal activity?
Is it the struggle for money? Is it
the desire to emulate others, or is it
A distinguished foreigner in writ?
ing his impressions of us says that
we are not accomplishing anything
more than if we were quiet; that we
are doing it merely to give the im?
pression of activity. We take our?
selves too seriously. The woman who
flutters about, creating confusion, is
not the one who is doing the most
work in the world.
Hurry means physical tension
somewhere, and exhaustion after?
ward. Hurry suggests had planning
or careless execution. Hurry means
loss of dignity and power. Hurry
means fear, and fear is the greatest
enemy of success.
Can we stop hurrying? Some ans?
wer that we must keep up with the
procession or drop out entirely. Let
US see If we can not conserve our
strength, at least in small ways. Let
us take thought and begin to reform.
As tension expresses itself in bodily
movements, we must first learn mus?
cular control. Relaxation means let?
ting go, and while we are learning to
let go we are getting ourselves train?
ed to take hold again when the time
comes. For relaxation teaches far
more than rest.
First, it enables us to do what we
will with our own bodies, and to do it
Second, it is the basis of grace and
beauty, free joints being necessary
for all easy movements. In walking
it is the free hip that permits the
athletic swing of the leg, and the
relaxed shoulder that lets the arm
hang as it should at the side. The
willowy movements of the Orientals,
the salaair.s and kowtows and rhyth?
mic dancing, show the power to re?
lax, which, of course, is increased by
the warmer climate.
Third, relaxation teaches us to
conserve the energy by oslner only
the part of the body ecessai 1 ?
may stand still while waiting; l< t thi
chair hold him while sitting; stoop
by bending the legs Instead of the
back; lie with all muscles relaxen
when sleeping instead of rigidly.
In vain people try to attain a calm
manner with a tense body. When we
have relaxed the muscles at will we
may easily become quiet in manner
and peaceful In spirit. The bodily
condition is the basis of real rest.
We will not hurry when we know
the danger to the nervous system;
when we realize fully that we gain
power by working quietly; when we
believe that we are living in Eternity
now. Then we can say with the poet,
whose life is lived close to the world
I stay my haste. I make delays:
For what avails this eager pace?
I stand amid the eternal ways.
And what is mine shall know my
And she Painted.
"Then I am to understand that this
is your final answer. Miss Stubbles?"
"My final answer."
"Nothing can move you?"
"Then my life will be a lonely <?;.<>
and my fate a harsh one. for my un?
cle with whom I live has just died
and left me"?
"That fact somewhat alters the
ease, Henry. 1 cannot he harsh to
any one who has sustained such re?
cent bereavement. If I could believe
that you are sincere"?
"Sincere? Oh. Miss Btubb'es'"
"You have certainly made an irr
pression on my heart. Give me time
to think of it. '
"He w long?"
"After all. why think of II ? Henry
I am yours."
"Do not squeeze me so hard. Hen?
ry. Your poor uncle! Was he long
"It is tOO bad! You say he h it
"Yes, he has left me."
"How much! 1 said he had left
me. He had nothing else to leave. 1
am alone in the world now, homeless,
penniless, hut with you by my side ?
why, she's fainted!"
?The only thing we can sell whis?
key for in this town." said the drug?
gist, "is lor snake bites, Hold up
now! Don't ask me where to get bit?
ten. No use. There is only one snake
in town, and he is engaged for three
weeks ahead."?Kansas City Journal.
ROAD ID COLUMBIA.
<;OOD ROADS WORK ACTIVE!
Columbia Chamber of Commerce M
Moday?Fiist CUHM Roads Pia
?City of Sumter and Adjo'j
Co'.umhin. Aug. 17.?Yc
morning there was a meeting oj
good roads committee of the (j
i>er of Commerce. The purp
the meeting was to take actio;
tive to the construction of u
class road between this city and!
ter and other points in the Staj
idea being to encourage and aj
the plan of improving all roadj
v> ,ing towards Columbia
The matter of the road
olumbia and Sumter had the spi
cial attention of the committee. Su'
pervisor S. H. Owens was present
the meeting and gave the committee
information relating to the most*
practicable route by which the
Wateree river and lowlands lying be?
tween the cities could be negotiated.
The Garner's ferry road is a direct
route between the cities, but travel
over it is impracticable because It
stops within a mile of the river on
this side; on the Sumter side the
swamp is about three miles wide.
The route must either be changed to
find a better crossing, or a great deal
of work will have to he done to make
the crossing at the ferry practicab'e
for auto travel.
Secretary Moorman was authorized
and instructed to communicate to the
chamber of commerce at Sumter that
the commercial organization of Co?
lumbia stands ready to cooperate
with the people of Sumter in the
establish ment of a road uniting the
cities, with a ferry across the Wa?
teree at a point yet to be determined
In conformity with these instruc?
tions Mr. Moorman wrote a letter to
the secretary of the Sumter cham?
ber of commerce advising that body
that the Columbia Chamber of Com?
merce had appointed a committee to
meet with the Sumter committee in
joint meeting. Mr. Moorman's letter
states in part:
' This chamber of commerce
appointed a committee for t*\^
pose of cooperating with Sumt
"At a meeting of our commit
lay I was instructed to inform
umter chamber of commerce
we are now ready to coopera.e.
them te secure a good road an
tetween the two cities.
"Our supervisor, Mr. S. Hi
nforau me also that he is
meet with Mr. Piits when
lattOf desired. T would BUgl
fore that you ask these gentlemen
meet with the two committees.
If you will suggest a time that
Will suit your committee the commit?
tee from here will come to Sumter
for a conference. A plan for further
action can be outlined at that time."
It has been suggested as a good
idea that the meeting be held at
Sumter, the Columbia committee go?
ing over in automobiles, and that the
committees jointly, with the two su?
pervisors, make an examination of
the points along the river between
the cities probably best adapted for
To the leader of a band in Omj
jocularly spoken of In that loc
as "the worst in seven differ
states." there once came a man
b request that the band play &C
"is it a military funeral?" nsk<
"Not at all." was the reply. "M
cousin was no military man?in fac
lie was never even interested in ma|
tt rs military. Nevertheless, it was
?xpress wish that your band shou]
play at his funeral."
The leader was surprised and fla]
tcred. "Is that so?" be asked.
"Yes," responded the other. "H^
said he wanted everybody in Omatuj
to be sorry that he died."?Harper'?
After the Show.
A well dressed num. said to be an"
ECngltshmen, has ben arrested in
Montmartre. Paris, on a rharge of
tendering bad half-sovereigns f?r
dinners and entertainments. Which
reminds us of the story about the
touring company which has been do?
ing very bad business in "the smalls."
While the proprietor and sole respon?
sable manager was standing outside
the temporary theatre (the Corn ex?
change) a very small boy with a very
large melon arrived and proposed to
barter the fruit for a seat in the gal?
lery. The bargain was duly conclud?
ed, ami the scene now changes to the
interior of the theatre after the per?
formance: "Boy," says the manager
severely, 'that melon was rotten."
"That's all right." returns the youth?
ful critic, "so was yer show."?Lon?
don (i lobe.
FOR BALK?Seed rye and oats, will
have seed wheat, barley etc., later.
BoOth-Iiarby Livestock Co., 8-2