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tVMVBn WATCHMAN, Establ
- CMtttfIditad Au*. 2.188 Cbf .^Msttbmm! ^ontbron. FwMHttiia Wednesday and Saturday ?BT? MTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY 8XJMTBR, a C. It rmrmm $1.11 per annum?in advance. Advertleiiaaaa?i: One Square ?rat insertion.$1.00 ?vary subsequent* taaavtlon.SO Contracts for three months, or leaser will he made at radioed rates. t AH communications which sub sanre privat? Interests will be charged far aa ad^rtisemesjta. Obituaries and tributes af respects ?Mil ha ehargad far. mm ttenw ?iiE THRJEJC PROTESTS DISMISSED BY BOARD OF CAKyASSERS. Poadhuh hi the Columbia. August II.?As if to ma Ira up for the two and a half days af wrangling, the State Board of Can? vassers took leas than II minutes la exepetiv* session this afternoon to dsssnlse all contests before It and de , clara the result of the recent dispen? sary eteettous. The board remained 1 ra ?isslwa during the dinner hour. $ aad, altar hearing all alfcmmenta on k. the Charleston. Osorgstown gad Rich went into executive soasion rr the protests. >t about kit asses! It was aaaeaneed that all had beea dismissed dnd the were then ready to open, various dUrpsnaary boards were of t*<e deehaoa of the board Borers now* spread rapidly kjava aad the local diapensaries They^dld avelmlng bust to n e arguments of Grace and Conner, dlspenssrles which opened this n. thooe to which the board's aa gave the right to open. Charleston, Rlchland and town, of the counties remain? ing wet under the recent election. * Beaufort's returns were not officially received, so that the res-jit could not bo declared an to Beaufort. In re gard to- Florence ahd Alken these pro toots are yet before the county boards Of canvassers The fifteen countloe that voted out *ghe dispensaries also had the right to open this afternoon, although It Is doubtful If a'.l of them opened, per? haps, preferring to wait until Monday. These county dispensaries remain open for the sale of, stock under the terms of the Act providing for the closing down of the dlspenssrles. It Is unierstood that the constitu? tionality of the Act did not come up in executive session, and that the vote upon the dismissal of all protests was unanimous. The session of the board has been quite an unusual one and all, Includ . the members of the board. are| glad to oee that the matter Is com? pleted. It Is not expected that any further move will be made to close UP any of the dispensaries that have the right to remain open. The deadlock was broken this after? noon at 11:30. when Judge Hydrlck Is? sued an order making the mandamus peremptory upon Comptroller General Jone? to attend the meeting of the board After two days and part of the third of wrangling upon the question of whether or not the argu? ments from Charleston should be heard, the board got down to work Immediately after the decision of| Judge Hydrlck was announced. Judge Hydrlck'? informal statement to th?* attorney* in the case was that Mr. Jone* xhouhl ?.,. required to at? tend the meetlns;* of the board as a ministerial officer and hear whatever came Up before the board H. point ed out that It would be very unusual for a member of the legislature to absent hlmse'f merely because he be? lieved the discus* I son was repugnant to the constitution. Judge Hy<ln< k made no ruling upon the asjantiog of whether or not the board had any right to pass upon the constitutional Ity of the Act. but merely issued an order compelling Mr Jone* to attend the deliberations of the board, setting out lust the return of the respondent was Insufficient. kahcd April, ISM. ?He Just ai 1. SUMT DESTRUCTIVE MEXICAN FLOOD. CITY OF moxtfi'ey swept am) soo drowned. Enormous Loss of Life and Property As Result Of Torrential Downpour Of Rain in Ancient Mexican Town ?Fifteen Hinsand People Rei>orte<l Homeless. Monterey, Mex., August 28.?Eight hundred persons drowned, 15,000 homeless and property damage to the extent of $12,000,000 is the result of a flood which struck this city between 1 and 2 o'clock this morning. The scene in the flood-swept section of Monterey tonight is one of utter desolation. Four city blocks on the south side have completely disappear-* ed. For seventy-two hours pain has fal? len In unprecedented volume through? out this b-otion and the Santa Cata rina River rose gradually all day Fri? day, the crest of the flood reaching Monterey early today. At first it was thought there would be no loss of life, but the water reached a height never before attained and swept houses from their foundations by the score. Tne electric light plant was put out of commission last night and the complete darkness was an added horror. Cries of the drowning could be heard, but the on-lookers were powerless to render aid. When daylight came the scene was Indescribable. All through the flood? ed district groups could be seen hud died on the tops of two-story build? ings, entirely surrounded by a mass of water. % One by one houses disappeared with their human freight. Nothing could live In the wild current of the Santa Catarlna River, which was rushing at the rate of twenty miles an hour. During the early morning hours the water remained stationary, and It wss loon before a fall of four feet began. By 4 o'clock this afternoon the river was back In Its banks, only to go out of them again at f o'clock, because of the continued downpour of rain. The great steel plant at Monterey suffered a loss of nearly a million dol by the flood, and the smelter of le Mexican Lead Company Is cut off >m the city and submerged. It Is tated that the loss at this plant Dt over three million dollars' The Santa Catarlna river runs al? most directly through the centre of Monterey. Along Its right banks Is located the suburb of San Lulsito, In? habited by the poorer element. It was in this section that nhe greatest loss of life occurred. Many pitiful scenes are reported. One family cf the poorer class, hav? ing sought shelter on the roof of their adobe dwelling, and refused to leave their home In the bellet that the wa? ters would soon subside, were drown? ed. The water came on with a rush, and before help could reach them the entire family was swept from their place of refuge. The higher portion of the city was crowded tonight with thousands of homeless Mexicans, but as fast as or? der could be brought out of chaos, arrangements were made to care for the women and children. Many pri? vate homes, the police station, clubs and organization halls, were thrown open to succor the homeless. 1,900 Drowned at Monterey. Monterey. August 29.?At noon to? day it stopped raining for the first time since last Thursday afternoon, and some Idea of the horrors of the flood of Friday night and Saturday could be obtained. It was at first re? ported that eight hundred lives were lost In the disaster, but today it seems that the number of the dead will reach 1.200 and may be more. The river has fallen considerably, and whilom still high the danger is now i>wr Seventeen and a half inches of ruinfall Ih the official reeord during Friday. Saturday and today. This rain was a steady downpour and at no time approached the statt.s of a cloud burst. The river was higher than it has ever been in the history of Mon? terey and at one time the plaza Zara go7.o. the highest part of the elty, was flooded to a depth of about one foot. This was early Saturday morning, and only lasted until the approach on the .south side of the San LusltO bridge was washed out. Hfftst P. H. Corley of Lexington, who several months ago* while in the discharge ef hi* duty, was so sevi rely wounded in the right hand and arm by the n#?gro Ed Bynum, has just re? turned ftoin'?itichmond, Where he has tern undergoing treatment for his wounds. It is ? matter Of great sat ItfaetlOK to the numerous friends of the sheriff that his condition Is much Improved, and it Is now hoped that he will regain full use of the entire arm and hand. id Fear not-^Let all the ends Thou Ali ER. 8. 0. WEDNESI STATE LOSES INSURANCE CASE IMPORTAXT DECISION RENDER? ED RY SUPREME COURT. New York Life's Contentions ns to Payment of Taxes Sustained?Ry the Decision the State Will Lose $25,000 or $30,000 in Rack Taxes. Columbia, August 28.?A case of grave Importance to the State was I settled by the Supreme Court today. The court affirms the opinion of the lower <gV>urt in the famous insurance case?that of the New York Life In? surance Company vs. W. T. Bradley, as treasurer of Abbeville County. The effect of the decision is a victory for the insurance company, which sued for taxes paid under protest to the treasurer of Abbeville under an Act of the Legislature. The case itself is I a small one as regards the amount in I volved?$171.35?but upon this base hinges all the other insurance cases I that are hanging fire in the courts. I The matter altogether involves an I amount of $25.000 to $30,000 to the I State of South Carolina in back taxes. I It is not thought that the decision I in the present case will affect the sev I eral hundred thousand dollars in back I taxes, but only those taxes which I were paid under protest, as in the Ab I beville case. Other insurance cases I are now in the courts touching the I constitutionality of the recent Insur I a nee ?Act of the Legislature. In these I cases Attorney T. Moultrie Mordecai, I of Charleston, appeared recently be I.fore the Supreme Court. In the Ab I beville case the well known attorney, I James H. Mclntosh, of New York, was I associated. The Abbevlle case is In I the nature of a test of the law. The cause was originally heard be I fore Judge R. W. Memminger, of I Charleston, without a jura The taxes I altogether named In the complaint of I the company for back years total I more than $19,000, but the tax com I plained of is the tax levied under an I Act of the Legislature giving each I county where business Is done the I right to levy a tax upon the preml I urns collected. Judge Memminger gave an extend I ed order in this case overruling the I demurrer and for judgment for the I plaintiff last year, and he is upheld by I the Supreme Court, the opinion being ('given by C. A! iCobds, A. J. A WEAK LAW. The State Liquor Law Says One Tiling Rut Attorney General Advises An? other. St. Matthews, August 29.?The thirsty, sinners were very much dis? appointed that the dispensary did not open yesterday on schedule time, but were somewhat pacified when the an? nouncement was made late in tve af? ternoon that the doors of the G. M. I. would swing wide Monday morning at the rising of the sen. The ion? drought has been somewhat exasper? ating to the poor and needy, especial? ly, who have been subsisting luxuri? ously upon their half-pint of No. X "booze" at ten cents. The shekels were not forthcoming to order and the blind tigers had not established their lairs at home. Pursuant to s ruling by a prominent firm of ab? stemious lawyers in the city of Or? angeburg, that the proper officer* were legally justified in nabbing whis? key, for personal use, after it left the express office, the prohibitionists got busy and bombarded Shelrff Dantzbrr to proceed against the offenders, as there was abundant evidence around the express office. The sehriff real? ized that his course, in this matter, lay along a lane of clubs, legally and otherwise, but he was not the man to back down from duty. As a precau? tion, however, he called up Attorney General Lyon for explicit instructions, and was advised not to interfere, un? less there were suspicions of illicit dealing. The haggard and anxious expression on the face of Calhoun's conscientious sheriff rapidly gave way to the peaceful smile which lingers long and is kind. The St. Matthew's dispensary is now stocked with $12. 000 worth of liquors and beers, with $4.000 stock at Fori Motte. AKIIEVILLE RANKERS CONVICT? ED. Ashevllle, X. August 28.?Wil? liam 10. Breese and Joseph K. Dicker son were today found guilty of the charge of conspiring to defraud the First National Hank of Ashevllle. The Jury. Which heard the case ?Ince July LT?., coming into court at 9:40 o'clock with a verdict which rec? ommended the mercy of the court, judge Newman promptly sentenced each of the defendants to serve two yean In the Atlanta penitentiary, the maximum under the statute, and to puy a fine of $2,500. u t na't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an )AY. SEPTEMBER 1 FATAL EXPLOSION. WORKMAN THROWS LIGHTED CI? GARETTE INTO FUS3E BOX. Dynamite Goes Off Under Group of Workman at Bocacchaca on Florida East Coast Railway. Key West, Aug. 27.?As a result of the explosion at noon today of 700 pounds of dynamite at Bocacchaca, 12 miles from Key West, on the Florida East'Coast railway, 12 men are dead, five others probably fatally wounded and at least a dozen others less se? riously injured. The explosion was caused by a member of the railroad construction force carelessly throwing a lighted cigarette into a box of fuses. Nine of the workmen m<?*. Instant death and a tenth died while being brought to the hospital. The men were hurled high into air and the bodies of the dead were almost be? yond recognition, arms and legs be? ing torn from the bodies of some, while the faces of others were mere masses of flesh. When the explosion occurred the workmen were standing in water four feet deep and directly beneath them was the 700 pounds of dynamite, ready for the blast when the men Should stop work for dinner. According to one of the wounded, a workman?one of nine to meet in? stant death?threw a lighted cigarette to one side, not noticing that it fell into the box containing the fuses which were connected with the heavy charge of explosives beneath them. A few seconds and the men water, mud and tons of dirt were thrown 70 to 90 feet in the air. Tugs at once brought the dead and more seriously wounded to this city, the latter being placed in the Louise Maloney hospital. Those less seriously injured were placed on Stock Island, opposite Bo* cachaca and will be brought to Key West later. Key West, Fla., Aug. 27.?Most of the victims of the explosion arrived here from New York last Sunday. Late this afternoon six more of the more seriously injured were brought to the hospital here. The injuries are not considered fatal. ? , About 60 men were at work, all close together, when the box of fuses was discovered ablaze and had it not been for the sounding of the alarm by the dredge master it is doubtful if a third of the men would have escap? ed with their lives. There is some contention as to the cause of the explosion. An inquest wiU be held tomorrow. 1,000 PELLAGRA CASES. Wilmington Doctor Says Only One County in North Carolina is Free Frotn Disease. Wilmington, Aug. 24.?At the ?seventh annual convention of the State Nurses' Association of North Carolina, the closing; session of which was held yesterday afternoon, Dr. E. J. Wood, of this city, made a splen? did talk on pellagra, the compara? tively new disease which is claiming considerable of the time of Dr. Wood and Dr. Harlee Bellamy. Dr. Wood made the startling statement that there are no less than 1,000 cases of pellagra in North Carolina at the pre? sent time, there being only one county, Onslow, that has so far es? caped the disease. Why that county should be favored above all others is a mystery, but It Is a fact, said the speaker, that the disease has been discovered to the border lines of the county, but none in the county. In the beginning the speaker trac? ed very interestingly the origin of the disease so far as the records show. The first mention of it was In Europe in 1735 and was known as a form of leprosy. It subsequently spread throughout Europe. In 1893 the first case in this country was dis? covered in New York city. The speaker is one of the few who maintain that pellagra is not caused from Indian corn. He and Dr. Bella? my are conducting a series of experi? ments and they hope to be able in a short time to clear the good name of corn. Dr. Wood declared that pella? gra Was second in importance only to tuberculosis and that the Situation was daily growing more serious. Policeman Burke, of the Columbia police, shot and fatally wounded 'Ju? lian Knight, a negro hackman, In front of the State Capitol, on Main etreet, Sunday night, after the officer had been cut in the face by the negro several times. Several shots were tired. One of the bullets entered the fore? head of the negro. The negro had been arrested for fast driving and wan resisting arrest violently. d Truth's." THE TRTJ -.--_A_ , 1909. Sew & LATHI LOVERS RE60BI. AVIATOR AT Kill MIS GOES NEAR? LY NINETY-SIX MILES. Monoplnnist who Failed to Cross the Chuiinel Redeems Himself by Es tablishing New Records for Dis? tance Covered and Swiftness of Flight. Betheny, Aviation Field. Rheims, Aug. 26.?Albert Latham, the French aviator, today took golrious revenge for the hard luck which he experienc? ed in his recent attempts to cross the English Channel, and his indefatigi ble, but hitherto unsuccessful efforts to accomplish some notable achieve? ment during the present meeting, by establishing a new world's record for distance, 154 kilometres, 650 metres, or 95.88 miles. Latham covered fif? teen laps, or 150 kilometres, in two hours, 13 minutes, 9 seconds, and the full distance in two hours, 18 minutes, 9 3-5 seconds, which also are world's records, the flight being at the rate of about 68 1-2 kilometres an hour, as compared with 53 1-2 made by Wright at LaMane, and a fraction under 50 made by Paulhan yesterday. Exeept for the one lap speed re? cords, made by Bleriot and Curtiss this week and Paulhan's time record in the air, Latham now holds every record for distance and speed. Like Paulhan he descended only when the gasoline tank was empty. Nothing could have exceeded the beautiful and impressiveness of the prolonged flight. In grace of linei no other aeroplane here compare* with Latham's monoplane. The slightly tilted planes from the long skiff-like body give it a resemblance when close, to a winged canoe, while sailing high up in the air it look.* from the distance like a mammoth dragon fly. For an hour with flutter? ing wings, like a living thing, it fought its way against the storm ol rain and wind at an average height ol 150 feet, mounting higher as the wind rose, until during thte worst ol the storm it was up fully 300 feet The contention of the advocates 01 the biplane that the monoplane would be unable to live in a stronj breeze has been amply refuted. Latham, earlier in the day. wit! "No 13," another aeroplane* of th? same type, made a flight of mor< than 70 kilometres, and after he hat finished in the afternoon, Count D? Lambert covered one hundred ant sixteen kilometres, (73.03 miles,) ii commanding fashion. Three flights, therefore, in a sin gle day totaled more than 210 miles Glenn H. Curtiss, the American. ha< two practice spins, but although hi machine behaved splendidly, its spee< was disappointing. An accident wb.icl Bleriot suffered about dusk may im prove Curtiss's chances for the in ternational cup. While trying t< alight in front of the tribune with l passenger aboard his big 80-horsi power machine, Bleriot crashed int< a fence, the wings and propeller be ing broken. He narrowly misset killing several of the spectators Whether or not the motor was in jured ?has not been definitely de termined. If so, Curtiss's most dan gerous rival has been put at a dis advantage, as Bleriot intended to us? the wrecked machine in the interna tlonal event, although he quallfte( with another. Rougler, also, while giving an ex hibltion, landed among a crow*, lunching in the grass and slightly in? jured two women and a man. Bleriot Insists that his accident was not due to recklessness, with Wttict he was charged by the crowd. He as? serts that a squadron of dragons was moving across the field and crowded him toward the fence. competing him to choose between landing among the horses or into thte bar? rier. RAREFOOT DANCE BARKED Ladles In Greek Play Decline to Sh ?\v Ankks. So Show Fells, Chicago, Aug. 2i.??There is great disappointment among the male Ctti zens of Oak Park, a fashionable sub? urb, ow ng to the decision Of tli*1 young holies who will take part In an Interpretation of "The Ladies of Athens," scheduled for day aftei to? morrow, not to dance In bare toes. There will be absolutely ndellt) to the early Greek period In every other way. but the young women draw th> line at bare feel and b us. Interest in the affair, which was extreme when it was announced thai tue barefoot dance would be a feature, is percept? ibly lagging today. A charter has been issued to the Spartanburg Collection agency of Spartanburg, capital $1,000. w K SOUTimON. Established June, 11 er left?Vol. XXX. 3.2 COTTON PRICES FLUCTUATE. MAPllET CLOSED LOnEK AFTER GOOD PENING. Last Figures Practically Worst of Day?liivak After Midday Due iO Combination of Circumstances. New York, Aug. 26.?Early ad? vances in the cotton market were fol? lowed by reactions, the close being at practically the lowest and barely steady at a net decline of 6 to 13 points. The opening was steady at an ad? vance of 2 to 3 points, and after a lit? tle irregularity, the market sold up to a net gain of 4 to 5 points, with December contracts touching 12.42, the highest level they have reached. That position sold at 12.34. This sit? uation reflected the steadiness of the Liverpool market, encouraging re? ports regarding foreign trade, claims that the new crop of cotton for for? ward shipment from the South was only obtainable above New York con >1 tracts parity and further private re? ports claiming recent deterioration in the estern belt. Liverpool was a moderate buyer here; there was some demand from the South, covering by >1 local shorts and a little demand from commission houses on the advance. Preliminary crop reports on Georgia and Alabama by a prominent local authority indicated that conditions had been maintained during the month, but while this disappointed local bulls, it was offset by the prl 11 vate rei>ort8 of more recent damage, I during early trading and the break after midday was due to weakness in Wall street, reports of selling against the prospective movement, the larger estimate for tomorrow's receipts at Galveston, and reports that the gulf storm might bring rain where needed, in the southern part of the belt. Ral | ly buyers seemed to be liquidating oa ! the decline, and while the Southern [ spot markets officially reported early were net unchanged to l-8c higher, [| there was evidently conthfued uneasi? ness regarding the ability of the mar | ket to absorb the early movement above the 12 cent level. I Receipts at the ports today 7,133 bales against 3,146 bales last week and 10,011 bales last year. For tho week 30.000 bales against 14,397 last week and 71,498 last year. Today's 1 receipts at New Orleans 75 bales I against 10 last week and 518 last j year. At Houston 4,583 bales against I 1,833 last week and 6,211 last year. Spot cotton closed quiet: middling uplands 12.85; middling gulf 13.10. Sales today 700 bales. Futures open i I ed steady and closed barely steady, s 1 Capturing Contraband in Orangcburg. Orargeburg, Aug. 27.?The raiding; squad of the Jocal police department accomplished a good day's work in' seizures today, taking into custody 4*" bottles of beer, 32 quarts of whishej 112 pints and 381 half-pints of whis*' key from the Edisto club here, prominent alderman was prompting this work and spared no efforts to get in a position to have the club raided by the police. This is the fourth time this club has been raided and contraband stuff amounting to over $300 was confiscat? ed this morning. Officers Edwins, Jennings and Spears made the raid and in order to get the stuff they broke into the lockers. The officers of the club of? fered no resistance and as soon as the 100 or more lockers were broken open the raid was perfected. Dr. H. H. Brown, treasurer of tho club, said to a reporter that the pa lice here were too slow to catch small pox if it was in every house in hyena. He showed the reporter his locker which revealed three quart bottles of Whiskey. The doctor thinks that o* if about time to quit business, though, as the police are tearing up his litt b playhouse too often. One Sandford Wicks was a: rested here today for selling whiskey and was charged With being | walking: blind tiger. He was caught ffif act of peddling it out and was focnx cerated. He now out oa a $20t* bond pending his trial on Monday. The police are busy "in behind" th?' blind tigers and every day seizures are being made At present the seggfltfi office is full of "booze" and the Bff? sto staff had "to be confined m Hap guard house. General Superintendent EToreaen of the Southern Railway, hna odvloedl the commission that the eontia. t ;;;*v been let for the rebuilding et tu** freight and passenger depot at Una Hi Springs. The work la expe< tc?.t t*? commence in the immediate fu*w* ? Fire destroyed the depot at that p in January.