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AffiM* biggins railroad w ar.
Cnl? K^rord-Herald Will Say t* re??t Northern Magnto Initiate* KlgtH AgaloHi Other UbM Chi 11; >. Aug. 31.?The railroad running time from Chicago to Seattle will l*c reduced to 62 hours?16 hours below the prenent schedule?as the first nrtov In a war declared upon all other Western and Northwestern road* by James J. Hill of the Great Northern, according to a story. The Reo?rd Herald will print tomorrow morn fog. Rl'iuh\<. good roads. a New York Paper Sees the In ser-Jatate Good Roads' Movement. Four newspapers, In New York. Morton. Richmond and Atlanta bave fgr some months been scream? ing themselves black In the face over * good* roads' movement throughout the Mouth with special reference to a hlghwny from New York to Atlanta for automobile. . They have been largely surrendered to long and en thu-risMic accounts of the more or lans Impracticable roadways and the alleged ecstasies of the natives over prospect of an early betterment, try where the "special commission? er "staff correspondents." or itevr the newspapers please to ineir respective Wandering Wil? llea, h.tve been received by country eaayio leading tradesmen, and so On. Farmers have "spelled" their ^earns and looked over fences and cheered on general principles. At last the readers of the newspapers In ques? tion k?? ?w what tbe residents or the wo? sections In question have fcnowi n|| the time, that Southern roads ere not as a rule adapted to toarM automobiles from the North, and the hullabaloo Is gradually slm seulnt.' down ?ranwhile a vast froth and scum lens Veen brought to the surface along the Maea that have been explored, "leading cltlsens" are writing to the four newspapers to say that they are ?heart a*id soul for good roads, and -wills.** eaVials are slowly setting up for the chicken and buttermilk that have be**!) consumed in the ex anaae*) Letters come from Hnekle* > l?.n<l liog Wallow. Squirrel <rt. ? . i?> say that the writers are trem -ndously worked up over good and ready to stancUby and see ( ? instructed at any cost to some else. .With one voice they bid # ? <'builders godspeed, and th*n Set b?*k to their corn pone and yel r losawl ? *<ed chicken with a iOse of h*vtat: ?cted very handsomely and 11 b^rsHy toward a projected improve ?sent 4n their neighborhood. Nothing rid ho more encouraging than the ibltc sentiment that has been work i at* over the feaets#of watermelon eear beer that have blossomed the routes pursued by those ar pioneers. Bverybody in the dis Bf ready for good roads. Every 4? waiting for the good work to Mow that the Junketing and the Jobllstina are over, however, who is a tenet ie build the roads? There has keen s whole, flood of talk and an air fall of in?'-?changing compliment and ?ovine gestieulation. but what Indlvid (** what community In the South going; down into the pocket to inau e the much lauded enterprise? la in m1> all Southern neighborhoods the roads) are very bad for automo? bilen, l?*d #ven for the local traffic, not One-beef as good as they ought to as*, anyhow; but everywhere they are en th ? people desire or deserve. If tl.e roods around charlotte and gtsnni o or around Leesburg and WlnvbcMi-r are comparatively excel? lent it is because the taxpayers of ffcou vi tnitle* will have them so and ?re th ?ir profit in It. If they are bad alsewh'M'- it is because the property re do not see any money in mak th *m bitter. Who expects them rise ap ss one man all along the t f< mi Mew York to Jacksonville. A4Js?*!>t. sgree upoe a continuous oaee ? ? a Incurious highway and 'Hi their dollars for Its constrdc i? ihe thing Is not done in this ahloe. -tver? la it to be done and who IoImi: i ? do It? Brcer, s corporal's guard of \a t reporters go bustling about the dilating on the advantages to ?dy a a flrst-class highway to far >?outh. are the Joskinses of nU. the Carolinas, Georgia and Ig turn out and pave the way for i'jf renOfl from unknown lands? It ?e#*m? to ha on the contrary, that the s*'*i- these dying prophets talk ot the lotomoblles to come the ih i Joskinses will keep their peeked* buttoned and let the automo? biles end ihelr various occupants stay at bot?. New York Sun. Mr Tsft may succeed In ending lHe gpnOtkM of putting things Into a party minify in merely because they read welt. Washington Star. i las so in. lot's see?who's getting SfS.ati'i.ftOO a day that was being the discussion of the tar ? I tfennapolis News. IIARRIMAN RELIEVES ANXIETY. iHMiief? Statement. Declaring He Is Merely Taking Rout Cure AH Hight. Ami In Following Physicians' First Order**. Arden. N. Y., Aug. 30.?Edward H. Harriinan, urged by weary represen? tatives of the press who have camp? ed about his mountain home since Wednesday last, came out today with a statement that he was all right. Though brief, the statemnt is straightforward and explicit. The message was so characteristic of Mr. Harrlman's affable attitude to newspaper representatives, an atti? tude which was marked when he un? derwent the strain of a lengthy Inter? view on the day of his return, that most of the men who have been here during the scare over his Illness re? turned to New York tonight, relying on his word. Mr. Harrlman's statement is as fol? lows: "I am pursuing the course laid out before I went abroad and advised oy the physicians. I intended taking a rest as soon as my responsibilities would permit. My treatment abroad reduced my strength and vitality and weakened my digestion. The most ex? pert physician In Munich advised me to have an examination by surgeons its a matter of precaution. This has been done very carefully by Drs. Brewer and Crile in conjunction with Dr. Walter James and Dr. Lyle ?nd che whole result is that they find nothing serious and renew the advice previously obtained that I should have rest and not see many people at one time, and this I am trying to do. "This covers the whole case and later on If the representatives of the press desire and there is any purpose to be accomplished, I will see them up here; but now I ask that the surveillance of the operations of my home be withdrawn, not so much on account of my family or myself, but that the coming and going of my friends may not be Interfered with. I appreciate the interest shown in my welfare by the press and by my friends In all sections and perhaps by some others. If there was or should be anything serious I will let the press know, and as I have never de? rived them, I ask that the press now a Ithdraw its representatives and rely upon me." Dont' Plow Under Good Hay. Someone asks: "Will it not im? prove the land more to plow under the legume crops Instead of making bay of them0' Certainly it will get the humus making material theft piite rapidly by using them as man? ure direct, and this might be done by \ man rich enough to be careless as to the cost of the Improvement of his ?toll. But the poor man of all others, should endeavor to make the farm pay for Its Improvement. He has got? ten, we will say, a crop of peavlnes >n his land that will make two tons >f hay per acre. These two tons will be worth $20 as food for stock, and if fed to stock and the droppings saved carefully and applied to the land that grew the peas, he can get fully 80 per cent of the manurlal value f the crop back on the land in a more available shape, and In a form that will give more profit, while In? creasing the humus In the soil, than If the whole had been buried, and can make a prof* from the 20 per cent used for the cattle. It is the poor man, of all others, who should farm economically. He must adopt the very reverse of the plan that gradual 'y made his land poor, and must grad lally make it productive by patiently working in a rotation that will give him an abundance of forage from le s'ume crops that will enable him to forever abandon the buying of nitro? gen in any form.?Progressive Farm? er. CANAL ZONE SHAKEN. Earthquake Experienced on the Isth? mus of Panama. Panama. August 30.?The Isthmus of Panama experienced an earth? quake shock this morning, extending over a large extent of territory. No damage was done, however, nor it is believed that the canal has been af? fected In any way. Lieut. Col. O. W. (joethals gave out the following stae ment this evening: "The seismographs on the Isthmus at 8 o'clock this morning recorded earth movements at various stations across the Isthmus, however, they were not sufficiently severe to be gen? erally felt nor to have any Injurious eltects on any of the canal work now In execution or In prospect." Argument for Prohibition? Columbia, August 30.?The local prohibitionists think they have an eloquent argument in the Recorder's Court record this morning. There were thirty-three cases on the dock? et, the heaviest docket this year. The lines aggregated $||0, Eight of the cases directly charged drunkenness and there were eight more disorderly cases grcwing out of the use of liq? uor. RAISING SQUABS FOR MARKET. 20,000 Pigeons On One Pennsylvania Farm. When immense flocks of wild pig? eons abounded in the American forests of a century or two ago it was per? haps no unusual thing to see 20,000 of these birds gathered together. But such a sight is rare today. Indeed there is probably but one place in the entire United States where so large a flock of pigeons can be found, and that is on a pigeon farm near the lit? tle town of North Wales, in South? eastern Pennsylvania. The birds are housed in a series of large, airy buildings and provided with clean and comfortable nests, an abundance of choice food and a suffi? cient screened outdoor space wherein to exercise their wings. All day long the gentle cooing of the thousands of birds gives musical proof of their con? tentment. In return for their board and lodgings they are expected to hatch out as many squabs as possible and rear them until they are fit for the market. From this farm is ob? tained the greater proportion of the squabs that go to the markets of New York, Philadelphia and the various wdnter and summer resorts of the East. Pigeon raising, says E. C. Cum minus, the man who founded and de? veloped this farm, is more profitable and less vexatious than poultry rais? ing, provided the man who undertakes it thoroughly understands the habits and the needs of pigeons. Almost every one knows something about raising chickens, or thinks he does, and four town dwellers out of five like to dream of a time in the future when they may own little places out in the country and raise chickens and supply eggs for the city markets. But pigeon raising on a large scale and solely for profit has been undertaken in few instances thus far, notwithstanding the high prices which squabs command. To begin, no incubators are required In raising pigeons, an I thus an impor- J tant item of expense necessary to the poultry farm is saved. Pigeons are remarkable for their monogamous habits, and when once the cock and the hen are suitably mated they re? main firmly attached to each other. Botii assume equal shares in the du? ties of their household, including the Incubation of the eggs and the care of the young. However, the matter of mating must be well studied to avoid losses, for In a mismated or ill-assort? ed pen the cocks, unlike the prover? bial dove of peace, are likely to create havoc, destroying squabs and eggs in fighting for the possession of nests. At the Cunnnings farm all is harmony, for only well-mated birdB are Intro? duced in the pens. As each pair of pigeons rear six or seven pairs of squabs in a year and as the wholesale price of squabs is from $3 to $6 a dozen it is apparent that there is opportunity for consider? able profit on a farm where 10,000 pairs of pigeons are expected to de? vote themselves solely to the breeding of squabs. The squabs are naked and helpless little creatures and require careful attention. Almost Invariably there are just two in a nest. Their method of feeding is unique. The squab in? serts its beak Into that of either of the parent birds and from the lining of the parent's crop the squab obtains a creamy secretion. After few days the food that the parents have consumed is mingled with this secretion, and thus nourishment is provided for the little one for about nine days. When they are 20 to 25 days old they are ready for market. To reduce the death rate of squabs to a minimum is the chief concern of the pigeon farmer. On the Cummlngs farm success has been attained through proper construction of build? ings and strict cleanliness. The roofs are impervious to rain and snow, but there is abundant ventilation. Con? crete floors keep out rats, a particu? larly voracious foe of squabs. The floors are covered with a thin layer of sand and air-slaked lime, and once a week this is raked. The buildings are divided into pens 8 by 16 feet In dimensions. Compartments for nests are built in six tiers, giving each pair of birds two nests, and at the weekly cleaning air-slaked lime is sprinkled into the nests. In every pen is a quantity of tobacco stems, refuse from cigar factories, and with these the birds construct their nests. The tobac? co stems keep away vermin, which would abound if hay or straw were utilized in the nests. Plenty of clean bathing water Is supplied. In winter a hot-water heat? ing system maintains an even tem? perature in the building, saving many a squab that otherwise would perish from the cold. But at feeding time all the windows are opened, no mat ter h.oW cold or wet the weather. For a "fly" there is a yard running the length of each building and enclosed With wire netting at the sides and top. Fifty cubic feet of space being allow? ed for SAOh pair of birds. With such care it is but natural that the pigeons should thrive and rear large and healthy squabs. The few birds that succumb to sickness are re moved to a special hospital building for treatment. Mr. Cummings began to experiment with pigeons seven years ago, starting with 200 pairs of bffds on his farm, about a mile south of North Wales, in Montgomery County. Since then he has enlarged his plant from year to year, until at present six commodious buildings arc in use. The largest and newest of these, erected at a cost of $6,700, Is 536 fet long, 16 feet wide and two stories high, and in it 7,000 birds are housed. On the farm of 72 acres all the feed required for the birds is grown. Speaking of the feeding of pigeons. Mr. Cummings says that if common sense is used It is not nearly so im? portant what is fed as how and when. The proportions on his farm in win? ter are about as follows: Corn, 40 per cent.; wheat, 15 per cent.; Kaffir corn, 10 per cent.; screenings, 10 per cent.; hemp, 5 per cent.; rape and millet seed, 5 per cent. In summer less corn Is fed, but more peas and wheat, together with hulled oats. Green growing things are not neces? sary for pigeons, though they eat the blades of grass growing in the aviaries. As to the "how and when" of feed? ing Mr. Cummings says: "The object of proper feeding is to keep the old birds healthy, not too fat and lazy, and to produce large, fat squabs. We feed by hand three times a day, except July and August, when two feedings are made to suffice. Each pen is visited three or four times at each feeding or as many times as the birds show a disposition for more. In this way they get just what they will consume and no more; consequently they will be hungry for the next meal. Thus, the birds knowing that more is coming do not fail to feed their young." Of the many varieties of pigeons r. Cummings confines himself to homers, dragoons, runts and their crosses. Homers crossed with drag? oons or show homers produce the most desirable squabs as to numbers and quality, weighing about eight pounds to the dozen; though a runt homer cross results in squabs weigh? ing a pound ??ach. The runt, contrary to what its name suggests, is giant pigeon and some of the runt cocks on the Cummings farm measure more than yard across the wings. Mr. Cummings estimates that the cost of feeding a pair of pigeons is $1 a year, while other expenses of run? ning the plant average 55 cents a pair. Each pair produces five to sev? en pairs of squabs for the market yearly, the wholesale price of which varies from $3 in summer to $6 in winter. Expressage, commissions, ice and boxing material also add to the expense, but the profits have been large enough to encourage Mr. Cum? mings to continue expanding with the hope of eventually having 100,000 pig? eons on his farm. THREE ESSENTIALS IN DRESS. The Science of Line, Color and Ma? terial Most Re Mastered in Design? ing Clothes. Dress is no occult science, after all, but a subject that has its own laws, principles and methods that any one can grasp who is willing to take the trouble, says Mrs. Simcox in The De? lineator. It is all a matter of line, color and materials. I hardly know which women find most difficult to master. When I see a tall, lank, bony wo? man, straight as a pole and Infinitely less graceful, in a close-fitting princess dress of zebra stripes nobly augment? ed at every seam by long rows of buttons. I am perfectly sure that the question of line Is the insurmountable difficulty. You've seen it often, haven't you? The Empire dress on the wo? man who is absolutely square from her square-toed shoes, square-cut fig? ure to her square shoulders and square face; the peach-basket hat on the woman with the one-inch neck; the Dutch collar and the accordion-plait? ed chin of the ingenue of forty?oh, there are dozens of them that you can think of right away, the dreadful things that would be funny if they were not so pathetic. I should love to put all those wo? men in a row and tell each of them Just what her trouble is?she prob? ably wouldn't believe me, though, and I'd just be unpopular. For the diffi? culty is they all think they know. There is a subtle psychological process by which any woman can convince herself that the thing she wants is the one thing in the world she should wear. There may be no connection in the world between the two, but you can't make her see it. Special Judge Appointed. Columbia. Aug. 30.?Governor An? sel today appointed Attorney W. B. ('?ruber, of the Colleton Bar, to pre? side over the special term of court of Common pleas at Barnwell, be? ginning on October 4.. The jtppolnt ment was made upon the recommen? dation of Chi<f Justice Jones. The special term was arranged for at the request of the majority of the Barn well Bar. TBRKIBLB SIX)KM IN LANCAS? TER. Horse. Three Ifulea and Dog Killed, and While Child and Negress Shock? ed. Lancaster. August 30.?The terrifh storm of rain, thunder, and lightning, which swept over this section last night, was particularly seve re in Plat Creek Township. At Taxahaw a horse; and two mules were killed by light? ning on the grounds of the Baptist church) just as services in the build? ing were cemcluded. A mule in a stable near by was also killed. A ne? gro woman staneling in a door was knejeked down and rentlered uncon? scious fe>r some time. In the same township, near Union church, the dwelling of Mr. James Hinson was struck by an electric bedt, severely shocking one of his children and kill? ing his dog on the piazza. Near Pleas? ant Hill the residence of Mr. Cole was struck and badly damaged, but no one hurt. Saving the Whole Corn Crop. There are but two methods of har vesting the corn crop in common use by which the whole plant is saved and used fe>r feed. The better one of these 's to put the crop when mature, but while it still cemtains much of its natural moisture, into a silo. Of this method we shall say nothing fur? ther in this article, simply because we have already discussed it in previous articles, and few of our readers are prepared to save any part of their corn crop in that way. When the corn is cut near the ground, and the entire plant cured in the shock, the state of maturity of the crop at the time this is done is an imporant consideration. At the time the fodder or leaves are usually pulled, throughout the South, there Is probably more feed value in the stover than at any other time. On the other hand, the ears probably do not have their highest feeding value until the leaves have all become dry and ihe shucks and a large part of the stalk are also brown. It, there? fore, follows that, if the stover alone were to be considered, the corn should be cut at the earlier stage of development, and if the ars alone are to be saved, the corn should be cut at the later stage; but if both are to be saved, and the entire plant utilized for feed a period about midway be? tween the two stages, or condition. stated should be selected for cutting and shocking the crop. By careful tests and analy???? this has been foun 1 to be the time when there is greatest feeding value in the corn plant tuk n as a who] Many of iho.se a/ho have had their corn fail to cure satisfactorily in the shock should unquestionably attribute their failure to the mistake of cutting the corn when too green. The method of cutting the corn v/hich will be found most profitable and practicable will depend on the supply of labor, the freedom of the fields from stumps and other obstruc? tions, and the size of the crop. When the crop is larger or labor less abun? dant, some of the cheaper "sled"' corn harvesters or cutters may be employ? ed, and when still more work is to be done, and the fields are in suitable condition, some one of the larger and more expensive corn harvesters may be economically U3ed. A corn har? vester could easily do the work re? quired on several small farms and joint ownership and co-operation in harvesting the corn crops would, in such case, prove valuable.?Progres sive Farmer. Minister's Widow Kills Herself. Spartanburg, Aug. 30.?At her home at Campobello this morning Mrs. J. K. Fant, widow of the late Rev. J. K. Fant, a Baptist minister, com? mitted suicide by drinking an ounce of carbolic acid. She has been in ill health for a long time and despon? dency over her condition is assign? ed as the reason for her act. Climbs to His Death on Power Line Tower. Charlotte. N. C, Aug. 30.?Harvey Ritchie, 20 years old, climbed into one of the big transmission towers of the Southern Power Company at Al bemarle, Stanley county, this after? noon to ascertain if he could get a shock by touching the wire. As the youth touched the deadly wires, his feet burst from the terrific current that entered his body and he drop? ped to the ground, dead. The tower is one of the series of steel structures employed by the Southern Power Company to transmit electrical energy from ihe Catawba river stations in this county to the mills of the Pied mort section, and the wires carry 80,000 volts. Fight Drunks for First Day in Cam den. Camden, Aug. 30.?Today being circuus day and first whole day dis pensary was opened there were eight, arrests for drunkenness up to 6 o'clock. The re was only one arrest for drunkenness during the dry spell. MANUFACTURE OF COTTON SEED. !n u restimr Process in Obtaining Oil From Seed. Although the manufacture of pro? ducts from cotton is now ona of the Youth's biggest industries, very few people, even those who deal with the staple itself, have any idea of the method used in treating the seed for 'he extraction of the valuable by? products. The work done in the mills is of especial interest in South Caro? lina, which contains a number of plants, several of them being recently chartered by the secretary of state. In Columbia, Charleston and several other towns of the State the cotton seed mills are one of the giant indus? tries in the commercial life of the communities. In brief the process used in the mills is as follows: As the seed are received they are placed in a large central room. Here they are put on an endless conveyor which carries them to the linters. The lint that covers the seed after the ginning is removed. There are abou. 47 pounds of this lint to a ton of good seed. Even this by-product?the Un? ter?is now used for making cotton batting, mattresses, etc. After the seed pass through the linting machines they are conveyed to the crushers. The kernel of the seed is mechanically taken out and the halls are carried one way and the meaty little kernel another. The hulls are used as a forage feed for cows and stock. Following the kernel of the seed, they will be found in a sort of roller mill machine?similar to a wheat flour roller. Then they are gejt into a steamer and cooker thoroughly. From the cooker they are put?a lit? tle at a time?lnt<. a powerful pres.*. The oil is thus pressed out through a thick cloth mad. ol camel's hair and the hard cake is > I The oil is put Into largi tankb and the cakes are ground up into the yei low meal or shipped in cakes for feed. The refined oils are used for cook? ing purposes and soaps are made from the dross taken from the re? fined oil. That incident over in Spartanburg the other night involving the capture of a policeman in the act of robbing a cash drawer, and the subsequent re? lease of the policeman who was cap? tured, is the sensation of the week in tb*? State, an* tr"? r'r^umstnices are now n ;eiving m??re careful .*nd thor? ough consideration. There is a gnod deal involved In the matter, and it does not look as if it should be drop? ped all at once. Of course, there is nothing unusual In the robbing of cash drawers. There is nothing un? usual in the possession by thieves of false keys to stores; there is nothing abolutely new In the foisting of such a theft as this on a /policeman, there is certainly nothing new in the action of the mayor of the city and the man who was the loser by the theft In al? lowing this man to escape. On the contrary, this last fetaure of the affair has grown too common, and as we see it, it is the ugliest thing connect? ed with the whole business. Just what might have been the motives of Mayor Floyd and Mr. Dupre in allow? ing Mulligan to go his way without arrest, we do not know; but we feel sure that their motives cannot be de? fended from any standpoint that is consistent with their respective du? ties as an officer or a citizen. This theft, if theft it was. was not a crime alone against Mr. Dupre. It was a crime against the people of Spartan? burg and the State of South Carolina, and it looks to us thai when this man was allowed to go free, there was an? other offense against the people of Spartanburg and the State of South Carolina. Something has been said about the unfortunate family of the policeman; but we are unable to see the application. It is a common thing for offenders against the laws to have families; but surely we are not to as? sume that they are to go unpunished on that account. For any humiliation that the family may have suffered this offender alone is responsible, and the fact that he has been allowed to escape, does not relieve that humilia? tion to the slightest extent. As we see it, the mayor of the city had no right whatever to let this man go free. On the contrary, in doing so he vio? lated his plain duty and his oath of office. The whole incident points very clearly to the conclusion that if we are to have safety for life and prop? erty in this country, we must enforce the laws, and if we do not look more carefully after the manner in which those who are vested with authority discharge their respective duties, our laws are in danger of becoming null and void. When that time comes thieves will not have to wait until night to steal from stores. They will do their work open and above board, I In broad daylight?Yorkvflte En j quirer. Mrs. Fixem?I don't see what you men find In your club. Mr. Fixem? It's what we don't find.?Ally Slop er's.