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SOME INSIDE HISTORY.
NEWS OF INTEllKST THAT OO U Mill A NKWSPAPKKS DO NOT PHI NT. A Documnil Tliat Confused the Hoard Of QMMNh>>A Novelty In Hcau fort?<?ov. AiiMel Gives the War De? partment a Conundrum. Columbia, Aug. 31.?It has just been discovered why the State Board of Canvassers In session here last week wan In some confusion about the Beaufort dispensary election. The members of the board were unable to figure out whether they had a pro teat or not What was before them was an affidavit of involved language. Finally this was set aside and the election declared as In favor of re? taining the Beaufort dispensaries. This affidavit came f?*om a school, teacher, Mr. Clarence S. Johnson, whc has a refreshing sense of humor If he has an Involved style of expressing himself. After giving over two type? written pages to sarcastic references to Mr, r. C. Colcock of the dispen? sary. Mr. Johnson, who says he ha? had 34 years expetUnce ss an e*mo? tion commissioner, thus philosophises on the political situation In general and the prohibition wave In particu? lar: "A. mordlcum of common sense should have taught him (Mr. Col? cock) that a commissioner has no pover to compel managers to serve. T'ue the law requires them to serve, but makes no provision to that ef? fect, so thst they sre as helpless as the clergy trying to coax the weary ?Inner Into the pearly gatea without the active co-operation of his Sa? tanic majesty at the rear on the fir? ing line. "Thsrs seems to have been a deter? mination not to serve In this town, grievance on sccount of want of spirituous comfort, etc. "Also the contemptible tip allowed commissioners and managers of $1 a day and limited to three daya by those la authority voting themselves $5 II day for alleged aervlces. The afore? said tip would be spurned by the av? erage hotel waiter for services of the asms length. Managers are aafe enough, but In case of a contest I have served ten days and then con? tributed II to a fund for the benefit of owe of sjsaf commissioners who aas not a capitalist snd whose mesns did not warrant his paying a floe for his CTStaltous aervlces to his country, snd this Is respectfully referred to the lensral assembly as a bone for It to frtok. "Also the abuse of the primary sys? tem, which becoming manifest some years ago led to an act to protect the said primary In the same manner ss the general elections, and which has been done by lowering the stand? ard of one to the level of the other, reducing both to ss roaring a farce as trials by Jury. Another bone for the general ass< mbly to pick. "And finally for myself I have been atrlctly neutral. I feel that we have been getting good too fsst. The Sa? viour drank wine. So did Lot, the only righteous man to be found in the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, and many others of that day, while" Psul prescribe* It. But It seems we sre snttrsry too good to associate with that crawd, but Just go on killing each other and committing any crime that comes handy and forget that poor little South Carolina has more murders to her credit per act <? than sny state In the Union. I am get? ting good myself, so much so that sometimes when I am called upon to administer sn oath I feel that the usual form la sscrlllglous and con? clude With, so help you General Grant or old Ben Tlllman or any old fizzle I happen to think of, whose memory I would keep green. "Veriry the days are evil. "Since Ben Tlllman was discovered the tendency ofv all legislation has been to atrr up strife. The next great cslsmlty that befell the State was the death of the Republican party. The dispensary, which was to reduce our taxes one-half, haa developed the hlfhest type of rascality and the highest tax levy since the 'days of good stealing, exceeds sny Republi? can levy, to say nothing of the low type of morals crested thereby. With? in a short tirrm after the establish? ment of this great moral institution It could point with pride to ninet.- I newly made graves In two counties alone in the upper part of the State as the early crop all credited to It? self. When we reflect that human nature revolves upon the same axis as It did thousands of years ago. at which time 'It repented the I^ord that be had made man on the earth and It grieved Him at His heart.' that the only man he ever created was | mis? erable poltroon, destitute alike of courage, truth or the first principles of chivalry, that the first man born upon the earth was a murderer?Is It not the reducio ad absurdum of all human Intelligence to expect great re? sults of a 'one-gallus, wooLhat dam nasty Insisting upon holding down the poor little Stste ss a political experi? ment station fcr revenue? ?'.Ms* my country' the Impending crlbia is approaching. We arc getting too religious, and religion (so-called) lias caused more bloodshed than all rther causes. Robbed of our right! M part of a so-called Democratic gov? ernment, but btlng offen d a choice between two evils and realising tbat man is incapable of sell '-government because created below the nec< ssar> standard, and feeling that I would help to perpetuate a great wrong, 1 did not vote. But 1 help.d to umpire the game at my i eril, as Mr. F. C. Colcock of the dispensary may testi? fy. I feel like the boy with the cat in the well that climbed up two fe-t and fell back three, it is only a question of time when the combined efforts of the rival factions will land us all safe? ly In -.'? Beaufort has a white chief of police for the first time since the war be? tween the sections, and the negroes in this heart of the black belt, which up to a few years r.go when the dis? tricts were rearranged was accustom? ed to sending p negro congressman to Washington, are puzzled and put out to understand the strange change. It seems that the change in the situa? tion has been brought about grad * illy by a class of working whites moving into Beaufort and becoming voters, while formerly the old aris? tocratic class was almost the only white element In the city proper. For some years the city has been going forward under a white mayor, but a white chief of police is as strange and revolutionary a fact as a negro chief cr mayor would be in a thriving city .'n the Piedmont section. Military men and others here and elsewhere over the State are discuss ing In quiet but Interested sort of way Governor Ansel's act of a few weeks ago in ordering eight govern ment tents used by the militia, but which the federal government says is always to be regarded as government property, to be sent to Greenwood to Mr. J. M. Gaines to be used in con Section with the Red Shirt celebra tion at Anderson. Now It is a violation of both the State and federal statutes for any national guard officer, and the gover? nor is a national guard officer to the extent of being commander-in-chief and principal reviewing officer of the State, to loan any government prop erty except In cases of extreme emer gency. Section 64 of th> South Carolina military code, which has been given the force and effect of stutute law, reads thus: "Each regularly organized com? pany of the militia shall be furnished by the State with such arms, uni? forms and equipments as are required, upon the written requisition of th* commanding officers of such com panles respectively, approved by the regimental commander. The arms and equipments so furnished to any organization of militia shall continue to be the property of the State, or of the United States, to be used for mlll ary purposes only, and shall be re? turned whenever called for by the proper authority. ' "It shall be unlawful, and it Is hereby forbidden, for any officer of the national guard, or other person responsible for arms, equipments ot other military property, to loan the same under any circumstances what? soever. Provided, That upon the written order of the governor such property may be, in cases of extreme emergency, temporarily loaned or Is? sued." Whether Jhe war department would \ regard a Red Shirt convention a case; of "extreme emergency" is debatable, j At any rate the tents were shipped out in the absence of Adjutant Gen-' eral Boyd and his assistant, Col.< Brock on the direction of the gover? nor, who hesitated some time before1 directing them to be sent. He would hot give his written consent. The only record of the transaction is a letter on file In the adjutant general's office to Mr. Gaines saying the tents had been shipped by direction of the governor. McCaw. I?Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy Is today the best known medicine In use for the relief; and cure of bowel complaints. It Cares griping, diarrhoea, dysentery,: anil should be taken at the first un natu al looseness of the bowels. It Is equally valuable for children and adults. It always cures. Sold by W. W. Sibert. _e_ Tanaoy M. May. who shot and kill? ed C. B. Tidwell at Bdgtfield has been released on bond In the sum of $1, r.oo. ?Don't waste your money buying plasters when you can get a bottle of Chamberlain's Liniment for twenty live cents. A piece of flannel damp? ened with this liniment is superior to any plaster for lame back, pains in the side and chest, and much cheaper. Sohl by W. W. Sll>ert. One hundred and eighten gallons of whiskey were captured by State con? stables at Ten Mill Hill, near Charles? ton. e- 1 ? ?Not a minute should be lost when a child shows symptoms of croup. Chamberlain's Cough Remedy given as soun as the child becomes hoarse, or even after the croupy cough ap? pears, will prevent the attack. Sold by W. W. Sibert. PANAMA CANAL GRAFT. Congressman Rennett Writes Beere? t?ry of War Alleging That Govern* nieni is Being Robbed. New York. Aug. 2S.?Representa? tive William F. Bennett, in a letter to the secretary of war, made public here, charges the purchasing depart? ment of the Isthmian Canal Commis? sion with gross extravagance and fav- | 01 itism in connection with the pur? chase of paint used for the barges, dredges and other vessels engaged in canal work. His letter, he says, is only the opening gun in a campaign which he hopes may result in the establishment of a central purchasing bureau for the government. "It Is reasonable to assume." the letter concludes, "that a purchasing department which has bought nearly fourteen times as much of an article as was necessary nd under conditions apparently where it could not be used, Is engaged in other similar and possibly larger transactions. In a supplementary statement Mr. Bennett says: "The contract system in all govern? mental departments is subject to crit? icism. There should be a central pur? chasing bureau for the United States government and then the possibilities of graft would be reduced to a mini? mum. I have information of peculiar? ities not alone about paint in connec tlo with the ourchasing department of the canal commission, but about ce? ment and other materials. There is one instance I know of where a con* tract for cement was closed with a concern whose price was between $600,000 and $800,000 above that of the lowest bidder. A Wild Rives Harnessed. "The old attitude of reverence for nature as the reflection In itself of whatever was best for man, whether it be flies or mosquitoes or the ver? miform appendix, receives a severe shock In the pamphlet just issued de? scribing the completion of the Gun nlson Tunnel ' says the Boston Trans? cript. "On September 23 President Taft will personally be present to open its gates. Through them will flow a part of the waters of the Gun nison, going into- a channel where, for all time to come, they will spread fer? tility and prosperity. Ever since the locomotive opened Colorado's scenic wonders to the tourist world, the 'black canon of the Gunnison,* has been* one of the impressive sights. Be? tween masses of rock flowed this riv? er, fed by the melting snows of the Rocky Mountains.' But it went on to the sea performing no service, either for navigation, or for power, or for irrigation. An opulent government coming along, discovered a valley on the other side of the mountains con siderably below the level of the stream. Accordingly a tunnel, much longer than the Hoosac. and about j the size of a freight oar, has been I pierced through the rrparian eleva? tion. On its other side, where the water posjrs out, a miniature Panama Canal has been constructed for the retail distribution -of the stream. A man-made river like this main ditch, seem* immeasurably superior to those which nature constructs. Its grade is only Jost enough to keep the water moving. This laves the wreckage of floods. Wheresver the stream must fall faster thasi that, an artificial cat? aract has been constructed in cement. At each of these a plant for the de? velopment of electric power will even* tttally be operated. Land which has yielded no crops from the foundation of the earth usually possesses extra? ordinary fertility, so that once its re? sources are quickened by water its yield is phenomenal. The fruits of the irrigated land of Colorado have long attracted the admiration of all l>eholders. Irrigation has the advan? tage of bringing water at the time and place that it is wanted, In mark? ed contrast with the rainfall as man's dependence. For the month preced? ing our rennest downpour, New Eng? land was about as dry as the irrigat? ed country, and yet without the re? sources controlling the situation with certainty that these Coloradans pos? sess." Robert Brown shot and killed Er? nest Heyward in Charleston. Roth parties are colored. Bernt Rilse. a Norwegian, serving on the United States revenue cutur Yamacraw, was drowned in Charles? ton harbor by falling overboard. ?Your complexion as well as your temper is rendered miserable by a disordered liver. By taking Chamber? lain's stomach and Liver Tablets you can Improve both. Sold by W. W. Sibert. A $20.000 school building will be erected at Union. Bids have been called for. ?"Can be depended upon" is an ex? pression we all like to hear, and when it is used in connection with Cham? berlain's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy it means that it never fails to cure diarrhoea, dysentery or bow? el complaints. It is pleasant to take and equally valur'de for children and adults. Sold by W. W. Sibert. COTTON CONDITION VERY LOW. I Ginners* Report Estimates Yield at 10,500,000 Rules. Memphis, Tenn., Aug. 30.?The re? ports of the National Ginners' asso? ciation, made public this afternoon, give the condition of cotton up to and including August 24 as 64.1 per cent. "This is the lowest condition in a number of years," the report says, "and indicates a crop of about 10, 500,000 bales. An early frost would reduce these figures somewhat and a late frost would probably increase the total yield to 11,000,000 bales." The report of averages by States follows: Alabama 64; Arkansas 59; Florida 76; Georgia 74; Louisiana 54; Missis? sippi 62; Missouri 80; North Carolina 75; Oklahoma 58; South Carolina 76; Tennessee 75; Texas 57. General av? erage, 64.1. This indicates a crop of about 2. 000,000 bales for Texas. Ginners re? port that they ginned 1,565,186 bales last year in Texas and they estimate they will gin 1,776,119 bales this year with average weather. PELLAGRA THEORY DENIED. Atlanta Woman Has the Disease Who Never Ate Any Corn Products. Atlanta, Ga., August 30.?A case of pellagra, the victim of which claims never to have eaten ^am bread or any corn products, has been uncovered in Atlanta. Mrs. Kate Barto is the pa? tient, and she is in the last stages of the disease. Dr. Frank Eskridge, who claims to have treated many cases of the dis? ease, says he doubted his own diagno? sis and thought she might be a vic? tim of "sprue," a disease known to the tropics, with symptoms resemb? ling those of pellagra. He called in a physician who has had years of ex? perience in the tropics and found that his original diagnosis was correct. "I am convinced now," he said, "that the disease does not come from musty corn products." S. A. L. TO BRANCH OCT. .May Build a Short Line Into Charles? ton. According to an interview given out by an official of the Seaboard Air Line at Hamlet, N. C, there is a great probability that the Carolina, Clinch field and Ohio railroad will go on fur? ther in South Carolina than Spartan? burg, and that the Seaboard Air Line will construct a line from Shelby, N. C, to Charleston over which the coal carrying trains of the Clinchfield sys? tem and the trains of the Seaboard foad will be handled. From Bostic to Shelby the distance is but 21 miles, and since the Clinch leid road going to Spartanburg crosses the Seaboard at Bostic it will be necessary for the Clinchfield trains to be detoured only 21 miles to Shelby there to take the line now proposed by the Seaboard. The proposed line of the Seaboard will run from Shelby to Catawba, where it will cross the Monroe to At? lanta line of the Seaboard. From Ca? tawba it will go to Fort Lawn, theie touching several large power plants of the Southern Power Company on the Wateree ricer. It will cross the main line of the Seaboarc\ New York to Tampa, at Lugoff, a station across the river from Camden. It will cross the Florence to Columbia line of the At? lantic Coast Line at Eastover. The distance from Eastover to Charleston is 110 miles. The Seaboard and Clinchfield systems have each secur? ed terminal sites in Charleston, and these will be combined and will be used by both roads. Spartanburg will be used as a distributing point for the Piedmont country and for points on the main line of the Southern railway between Charlotte and Atlanta. It has become known that the Seaboard and Clinchfield systems are practically one and the same. The officers of the Clinchfield are Seaboard men, and these roads have been working hand in hand to get to the port of Charles? ton. The Seaboard official stated em? phatically that Charleston and not Sa? vannah will be the port used by these mads, and that the arrangements now being made to detour the Clinchfield trains to Charleston are only tem? porary. The Clinchfield road will con? tinue to use the line of the Seaboard between Hostie and Wilmington in or? der to furnish the 110 manufacturing plants which have contracted for Clinehheld coal. Hariiman vs. Oil Trust. New York. Sept. 1.?By the letting of a contract for crude oil, effective today, to the Associated Oil Company, it is asserted by financial prophets that the Harriman railways have broken with the Standard Oil Com pany. The contract is worth a half million a year. The ?dl will be used by the Harriman lines of the North? west. Dr. J. W. Crawford of Donalds. S. C.i has been arrested on the charge of practicing medicine without a li? cense. What Bouttiarn Soils Need Most. If any one need of Southern soils could he singled out as the greatest, then unquestionably that greatest need would be organic nitrogen?nitrogen supplied through the agency of decay? ing vegetation. That nitrogen is need? ed on almost all our soils, thousands of experiments and almost universal observation prove beyond doubt. That farmers recognize this fact, is also proved by the millions of dollars an? nually spent in the purchase of com? mercial nitrogen. When the nitrogen needed by our soils is obtained through decomposing legumes there is supplied something more than nitrogen?humus. This hu? mus is no less necessary and will as surely increase the production of our soils by improving their physical con? ditions. The growing of nitrogen, or rather the growing of nitrogen-gath? ering crops, therefore, supplies the two needs of our soils, which, taken together, unquestionably stand first in importance in any scheme of substan? tial or permanent soil improvemt.? Progressive Farmer. Marriage at Salvation Army Hall. There was a marriage at the Salva? tion Army hall yesterday afternoon at 4 o'clock. The bride was Miss Clr.udie Breckinri dge of Madison, Ga., and the groom Mr. Frank H. China of Sum ter, S. C. The marriage was perform? ed in the presence of a company of Salvation Army members and friends. Mr. China is an operator for the Western Union Telegraph Company and is stationed in this city. Both he and his bride are members of the Salvation Army.?Charlotte Obser? ver. J. W. Aycoth, a large, fine looking white man, wanted in Union County, X. C.i on the charge of criminal as? sault, alleged to have been commit? ted last Sunday, and who made his escape from that county after being shot at by officers of the law, was captured in the eastern portion of r Lancaster County Wednesday by Sheriff Hunter and Constable Carnes, the arrest being made at the instance of Sheriff Griffin of Monroe. Constable Carnes caught the man Tuesday but he got away from the constable. The sheriff and constable were out all that night looking for Aycoth. They lo? cated him Wednesday morning in a body of woods from which he fled into an open field where he was captured. He is now In jail at Lancaster and is willing to return to North Carolina without requisition papers. Aycoth, who is a man of family, one of his sons being in the United States army, emphatically denies the charge against him. His wife and children are at presem. living about 14 miles east of Lancaster and he has recently been working at the carpenter's trade here They are originally from North Car? olina. Before being brought to jail Aycoth asked the sheriff to take him by his home and allow him to bid his family good-bye, which request was granted. As the officer and his pris? oner were about to leave the house Aycoth picked a little lad up in his arms and after affectionately kissing him good-bye and counseling him to be a good boy, turned to the sheriff and remarked that the child was his. the mother being the woman he is charged with having assaulted last Sunday, which statement was corro? borated by Mrs. Aycoth. It is reported that the Seaboard.Air Line road will build to Charleston if the C. C. & O., does not. The Southern Power Company has surveyed its route from Great Falls to Newberry, and the work of erect? ing the towers for the transmission wires will begin at an early date. Dr. W. H. Brown, treasurer of the Edisto Club at Orangeburg, has been arrested on the charge of storing w hiskey WELL DESERVED. The Praise That Come* From Thank? ful Sumte'. People. One kidney remedy never fails. Sumter people rely upon it. That remedy is Do%n*9 Kidney Pi'Is. Samter testimony proves it alW4>* reliable. P. R. May, 115 E. Liberty* St., Suin? ter, S. C.i says: "Doan's Kidney Pills proved more beneficial to me than anything I had previously used. Two years ago I was injured and as the result my kidneys bothered mo a great deal. My back ached severely and I had such pains through my loins that I could hardly move. I tried prescriptions and liniment and took several other remedies but did not receive relief. My kidneys were very weak and the secretions contain? ed a dark sediment and were irregu? lar in passage. I cou' not rest well and if I attempted to ut. sharp pains caught me through my loins. Since using Doan's Kidney Pills, procured at China's drug store, the backaches and lameness have all disappeared any my kidneys are more normal. I feel fifty per cent better and it there? fore g?ves me pleasure to recommend Doan's Kidney Pills." For sale by all dea ers. Price 50 cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the rame?Doan's?and take no other. No. 10. PRESERVING OUR HISTORY. Mnj. Coke*? Employes Mir. VV. Woods to Collect History. DL President J. L. Coker, of the Pee Dee Historical Society nan employed Walter D. Woods, the well known, vet? eran editor ij collect the historical matter of this section. To esrrf oa this work some money is absolutely necessary. The members of the Pee Dee Historical Association have shown themselves very indifferent in the matter, but they must come to the rescue now and help out the cause. The Times will do as we did before, publish all the matter that we can get hold of which Mr. Woods collects. We will send out the bulletins to the members of the association and all that we ask is money enough to cov? er the postage account. This matter must be attended to before it is too lote. Major Coker, one of the most public spirited men in the State is willing to advance or pay, if neces? sary, the expense of Mr. Woods for the first month, but that is neither fair nor right. We must have %109 and have it now. Who will contri? bute to this cause? Send much or little, we will return value received in the publications of the society, andl that will be our contribution to the cause. Will you do your share? Newberry Is Against Bonds. Xewberry, Aug. 31.?Little interest was shown in the election In this county today on the question of issu? ing $300,000 worth of bonds for roadl improvement. With all but two smalt boxes heard from the county gives for j bonds, 110; against bonds, 1,239. About half of the vote of the countyr was polled. Mrs. Anna T. Swearingen, mother of State superintendent of ? ed\icationv died at her home at Trenton, S-C CASTOR IA For Infants and Children, The Kind You Have Always foogtt Bears the Signature The Testing of Eyes Is not a matter of guess work, nor is it a matter of trying pairs of ready made glasses. It is a science govern? ed by principles which none but a person who has studied the anatomy of the Eye can understand?no guevs work in our methods of testing the Eye. OUR WORK IS GUARANTEED W. A. Thompson, 6 S. Main Street Sumter, S. C "Ain't it Awful!" How some agents and dealers will?"fabricate?" Just the other day an agent told one of our customers he could sell him a piano "just as good" as the Stieff for ever so much less money. It so happened our customer knew the difference, and knows the firm of Chas. M. Stieff has never attempted to mis? lead a customer. If it were possible for an agent to sell as good a piano as the Stieff, bow could he sell it for less money? Don't be fooled, buy your piano from the time honored firm of Chas. M. Stieff, the old reliable. Chas. M. Stieff Manufacturer of Artistic Stieff, Shaw and stieff Self-Player Pianos. Southern Wareroom 3 West Trade Si. CHARIiOPTE, - - N. C. C. If. Wllmoth, Manager. (Mention this paper.)