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*% ^?tcjjmaK aito Soutbron.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1909. _ The Sumter Watchman was found? ed In 1i60 and the True Southron In litt. The Watchman and Southron row ha? the combined circulation and Influent.** of both of the old papers, nad Is manifestly the best advertising medium In Sumter. innW^nnnnMs-s-s-Msss^ SUPREMACY OF SEAS. l ord < ?tsrloM Beeeefortl Declare* Brit? ain Musi Awake to Importance of Itot'ttinojc Command. TOr.tnt ?. Ont., Aug. 31.?After pressing the button which set In mo? tion all the machinery of the Cana? dian ?>. ttlonal exposition in Montreal and declaring the great fair open. Lord Charles Beresford was tendered a hin< *eon by the directors today. bard Charles said: "It ?* earnestly to be hoped that the result of the Imperial conference will be found In deeds, not words. Whilst we I.mvc been talking other people have k een acting. "Ou? supremacy at sea has been threatened in language that is unmis? takable m * the near future that threat may become a reality. It is c ur bmUnee.* as an empire to see that cur proportion Is not jeopardised in t ny wsy. "A successful attack on the trade route would parallse the trade of the Dominion, as well as that of Great IMttntnl It therefore becomes a matter of hfe or death to the British empire i enisle* supreme at sea. Any attempt to wrest that superiority from us must be met by a steady, reasoned and de? termined effort on our part to defend ivhat we hold. Command of the sea Ii a necessity for our existence as an _ mTUMKIilj TO WEAK STRIFES. of Georgia Refuses to Com ennte Hla Sentence, Atlanta. Qa.. Sept. 1.?Governor Mrowti Ihts afternoon announced that is would not approve the recommen? dation of the prison commission that ho aeatence of William H. Mitchell, a prominent citizen of Thomasvllle, tin., convicted of attempted assault on Mies Doolie Lanton. a highly respeet ? d young woman and a relativ?? of his wate, he changed from a year on the chaingang to a similar period on the BtnU farm at Mllledgevllle. Sheriff si aglet ow. of Thomiie County, was no nedfled by telegraph to take Mitchell into custody The Governor's decision ends one of the moat remarkable cases in Geor? gia's legal history. Mitchell's friends have exhausted every effort to save him from the disgrace of convict stripes and the executive ruling came aa a great surprise to them. Ia denying clemency to Mitchell, Governor Brown saht: "Shield the clemency asked for in the present caoe he extended, there Is grave ganger that It would bear fruits of sorrow In every section of our State, ft would set aa example per? nicious heyeod compare, an example embodying a dally menace to Geor? gia's womanhood. It would say that we have one law for the rich, another for the poor, one law for the highly educated, snort her for those too poor to enj?*g the privileges and immuni? ties oaonO>|? jut upon education; one saw fen fiie classes another for the WiSVNi UON 18 DISSOLVED. Sale of lt<M k Hill School Property to ?ihr |? May Now be Confirm Rock Mill. August SI.?August 18. Judge Me mm Inger issued an order lnrrr??lng the bond from 500 to 3, 000 of the minority of the Rock Hill school district trustees seeking by In? junction to prevent the sale of the old hlgn BgSkeot property to Winthrop College, ffubttg that unless the bond was mide In ten days from service the In hie all on should be dissolved. Th? t?me w>ts up on the closing of the county clerk's office this after? noon, and the bond not having been made, the injunction becomes auto? matics' If dissolved. WIN I IMC >r OPENING POSTPON HD. Work OH Men- Dining Room and Kib ?. Causes Dein v. Reck Hill >ept 1? The architect and contractor having In charge the Improvement* at Winthrop College have c ?refully gone over the situation there toeing, and the conclusion has beeo fOggtsgi that It will be im? possible. t?? complete the dlnliiK room .??? l i Itchen by t he 11th, the dfl'- sot for the opening i>f the et loot With the full consent and the a?P? "Miion of the bo,??-d. IM. s dent John ?ii has decided t<> post? pone pening two weeks, giving ample |*g for everything to be g >t fejfl into i???iper order. Winthrop will conse?|u<^i!y open September Ittfc Farmers' Union News ?AND ? Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers (Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Suniter County.) The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features. The first to be Inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns. Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern? ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to oui readers. Ori? ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures will be appreciated and published. Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned, THE EDITOR. All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs. Mayesvllle. S. C. CROPS THAT WILL FEED STOCK ern experience with stover, and I am CHEAPLY. With Our Splendid List of Legumes, Corn, Sorghum and Sweet Potatoes. We of the South Can Feed Stock at The Smallest Cost. If we are to Judge the fitness of a country for live stock by Its feed, the product of the cotton fields, cotton? seed meal, alone would brand the South as intended by nature for a live stock country. In 1906 the South produced nearly 13,600,000 bales of coton. This means a production of 2.890.000 tons of cottonseed meal, enough to supply protein to over 6, 000,000 dairy cows for a year. The average yield of meal per acre Is absut 200 pounds of protein. There Eire many plants growing In the South that will easily produce more protein per acre. A ton of cowpea hay will furnish 320 pounds of digestible pro? tein and we all know that the land that will not yield this much is pretty scarce In the South. We cannot afford to attempt to feed cattle on corn from land that will produce only 12 or 15 bushels. It la a recognized fact that the legumes, the protein furnishers, are at the earns time great land Im? provers and will grow well and yield abundantly upon land that will break ua If we attempt to raise corn. We do not give this subject of growing the most valuable crop?the one that will give us the largest returns upon cer? tain land?-sufficient attention. The following table probably illustrates the point. 5 5 < 1 3 St m > ft 1 * w I i s 11 O s 0. if 11 I I ? p ** I 1/ I 94 ~* M M SI ? ?# c<j ?J el at CO CJ T-l to oo M ? ?-? O <M U> r4 44 00 O ? oe m oo ?>* CO not here to claim for it all that Is sometimes stated. I am well aware that the peculiarities of conditions tend to make this material of less value to us than to our Western brethren. But after making all al? lowances for adverse circumstances, the fact still remains that the stover of our corn crop is too valuable a product to be lost and wasted, as has been our custom heretofore. The silo offers at present the simplest and surest way of handling the corn crop. It has been shown beyond doubt that no more economical fed can be given milk cows and growing stock than a judicious combination of corn silage and cottonseed meal. We have, too, many other crops to which we can turn for carbohydrates. In sorghum we have a crop of wonderful power to wrest nutrition from our humus-rob? bed soils. When sown broadcast, even on comparatively poor soils, this plant, will always yield from one to two tons of a feed rich In carbohydrates. A ten of sorghum ensilage contains even more carbohydrates than a ton of corn. It furnishes, according to Michels, 280 pounds as against 220 for corn. Sofghum can be grown much thicker than corn, as it requires relatively less moisture, and yields of from five to ten tons of green sorg? hum can be safely counted upon. If the silo Is not available, then It can be cut and cured like any hay and is one of the easiest plants to cure. If a more complete food Is des'.red. then a mixture of oats and vetch on anything like fair ground will furnish from one and a half to three tons of an almost perfect forage. In root crops, the sweet potato leads both in quantity of nutrients per acre and in palatabillty. Every bushel w4U yield from eight to ten pounds of car? bohydrates, and 400 bushels per acre 16 not an unprecedented yield with many varieties. The potato is destin? ed to play no small part In develop? ing the live stock Industry of the South.?D. N. Barrow in Progressive Farmer. WANT ENTIRE STATE DRY. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? M ? ? O r-< . 3 ? ^ 3 X c ? I ? c I ^ X w ? s? S 3 2 a 2 f ? : J 1 0 ? 0 I M cu o w o o Land that will yield 20 bushels of corn will readily yield the amounts of other crops shown in this table. Yet the corn Is the lowest both in total yield of nutrients and in the value of those nutrients. In actual practice this difference Is even more marked. It Is a well known fact that over 40 per cent of the corn plant Is In the ?talk and leaf. The farmers of the South not only reap small crops of grain, but as a rule make no effort to save the 4c per cent, the rest of it being allowed to go to waste. It Is probably not necessary to dwell further upon the possibilities of thft South Is the raising of protein. But how about carbohydrates? Will we be forced to buy them? And will such a course prove economical? A growing or working animal requires at least six times as much of this sub? stance as of protein, and while, pound for pound, the latter Is'the more ex? pensive, yet if we have to buy the former, our profits may dwindle. It has been pretty well proven that, with das c;?re, we can raise fully as much corn per acre as other sections. For ? very || bushels of corn harvested in tin Western States, there is a yield of one tun of stover. In the South the yield of stover to grain is oven In greater proportion, it being safe to figure on a ton of stow r for 20 bush? els of grain. Now I have a good deal of South Anti-Soloon League Will Fight For State-Wide Prohibition. Spartanburg. Sept. 1.?At a meet? ing of the Anti-Saloon League of South Carolina, held in the office of the Rev. J. L. Harley. State superin? tendent of the organization, it was an? nounced that a fight for State-wide prohibition would be made at the next session of the legislature. It was also decided to form a union with the ?Christian Temperance Workers and publish a paper to be known as "The South Carolina Voice." The meeting was held last Monday, though nothing was given out for publication until today. State Senator H. B. Carlisle attend? ed the meeting, and it is quite likely that he will be selected by the Pro? hibitionists to lead the fight In the general assembly for State-wide pro? hibition. The following resolution was adop? ted: "Be It resolved. The State-wldo prohibition law should be enacted at the next session of the general assem? bly and such law should provide for its strict enforcement." The Rev. J. L. Harley will be the editor of the Voice, and Miss tCmma Gary will be associate editor, The paper will stand for temeprance and State-wide prohibition. The paper will be published In Spartanburg semi-monthly, Lined for Selling OK*nine. Charleston, Aug. 31.?C. A. Bchwacke, a well known druggist, was lined $r?0 in the recorder's court to? day lor selling eoeaine. B. Weather born, who was up on tin- same charge, was dismissed for the lack of evi? dence. The caaea wert- made out by Bergt. Healey and considerable evidence was produced by the police offloer. An ac? tive campaign will continue against I the sale of the drug. ADVANTAGES OP WEDGEFIELD ROUTE. It Would Benefit the Public at Large And Connect Prosperous Sections Of Sumier and Richland. Mr. Editor: If there Ig any serious purpose to construct a road through the Wa teree swamp, there is a consideration that should not be disregarded, namely: bervlce of the people at large. Of course, if the road is to be built soley for automobilists who desire a run between Sumter and Co? lumbia added to their pleasures, their wishes alone should be consulted, and the needs and highway requirements of the people at large need not be considered. But. as the road will be built largely with public funds and maintained in that way also, the main consideration should be to con? struct a road that would serve the most people to the best advantage. A road that would serve other people as well as automobilists, a road that would furnish a means of travel where needed, is the road that should be built. These requirements are not met by a crossing at Garner's Ferry, for there is scarcely any local de? mand or need for a crossing there. On the Richland side such a road would penetrate barren sand hills, very sparsely settled, for a distance of about ten miles, a stretch of road over which scarcely any but auto? mobilists would ever pass going to Sumter. As a trade-bringer it would necessarily be a failure, for there is no trade on the Richlaad side to bring anywhere worth striving for. Such a route would benefit only the automobilists. On the other hand, the proposed Wedgefield route would put Sumter into easy communication with the richest section of Richland County, a section not surpassed any? where in South Carolina, having a considerable commerce and much trade that could be diverted to Sum? ter, and besides, such a highway would be of great service to a thick? ly settled portion of the State, pos? sessing several prospercus villages, and between which there is already frequent communication by rail. This road would be of great advantage lo? cally, and would also serve our friends, the automobilists far better than the other, because of the tele? phone and railway stations along the route. The choice is between a route that would serve one class of people almost exclusively and a route that would serve many, loct.lly and well as generally. There cart be no doubt which should be chosen. The Wedge field route would connect prosperous and *vell settled communities, and the local use of the road would justify its cost. The objection urged in your paper does not apply with so much force to the Wedgefield route, for, as has been shown, that way would be of great service to many besides automobil? ists. Nor should we forget that the fact that the State farm authorities have built a crossing, if it be a fact, is no guarantee that the county would not in the long run find the one as expensive as the other, when the pri? vate subscriptions arc considered, and due regard had to the protection afforded the crossing at Wedgefield by the Coast Line fills. It cannot be regarded as sufficient to turn the course of the road towards Garner's Ferry simply because a causeway of greater or less extent has been found there. Many other things are to be considered, and while it is very de? sirable that a crossing be constructed across the Wateree swamp, care should be employed In selecting the route in order to avoid the appear? ance of considering the wishes of the few, and disregarding the needs of the many. WEDGEFIELD. Wedgefield, S. C, Sept. 1, 1909. Some of the dispensaries are now open, some to sell out what they have on hand to go out of business and others to continue until the legisla? ture takes some further action re? garding them. There is much force In the argument that the present leg? islature cannot honorably pass a State-wide prohibition law; that this legislature Is committed to permit those counties that voted the reten? tion of the dispensaries, to continue them. A new legislature would be free to do as it pleased, but the pres? ent must in honor stand by their own act. We think this view will be con? sidered by the conservative prohibi? tion element, but the politico-prohibi? tion element have blood In their teeth and want to devour everything but the chance of losing the office they hopped In the band wagon to ge* ? - Manning Times. The German cavalry has been equipped With a powerful carbine, fit? ted with a sabre bayonet, to replace the sabre. Mrs David Cool ridge, of Athol, Mass.. has a rooster thai beats the ducks swimming. It doesn't make much difference what we think so long as we don't think out loud. RURAL ROUTES GROW. 750 ROutOS Now in Regular Opera? tion in Thai state. Washington, Aug. 30.?The follow? ing interesting data has just hecn made public by the postofflce depart? ment: On March 1, 1S90, the rural deliv? ery mail system was first introduced into the State of South Carolina. On that day two routes were establishe 1 out of Cope, one out of Orangeburg and two out of St. George poetofflces. the routes having an average length of 23.8 miles. During that fiscal year a total of forty routes, covering nin? hundred and twenty-one miles of roads, were established, and during the next fiscal year this number was increased by but ten routes. In 1901 the number of routes was more than doubled, there being 103 in operation on December 2. The increase in the number of routes established con? tinued in about the same ratio until 1908, when there was a marked Tail? ing off, due to t.ie fact that most of the territory available for rural de? livery had been covered. On August 2, of this year, South Carolina had in operation 750 rural routes, 12 of which were tri-weekly and the remainder daily, except run days and holidays. These routes c ?v cr about 17,54 2 miles of roads, with an average of 23.3ft miles to th* route, serving approximately 300,000 people, with an annual rate of cost of $668,790 to maintain. Up to the present time the service has been re? organized on a county basis in 16 counties in the State, and other3 will follow as rapidly as practicable. That the people of the Sta*e fully appreciate the advantage of this ser? vice is evidenced by the fact that since its introduction there has been a steady and large increase in the amount of mail matter delivered and subscriptions to periodicals and daily newspapers. The postofflce depart? ment has just received a letter from one of the leading publishers of the state saying that during the period 1904 to 1909, the approximate per? centage of increase in the number rf subscriptions received to his paper, a da:ly, is at least 400 per cent. Tf the same, or even an approximate talio of Increase was enjoyed by oth? er papers of the State, in their'rural subscription lists, the showing made would be very significant, and the ad vantages to the service, the patrons and the publishers, considerable. NEW TRAIN PROPOSED. Coast Line May Put on Flyer Be? tween New York and Atlanta. Florence. Sept. 1.?It is authenti? cally, yet unofficially, announced that the Atlantic Coast Line system Is soon to add a third through fast train from the North to the South, and will ply direct between Jersey City, N. J., and Atlanta. Ga.. via Washing? ton, Richmond, Rocky Mount, Flor? ence, Sumter, Robbins, Augusta and thence over the Georgia railroad en? ter Atlanta. It has been talked of for quite a while in railroad circles and the ne? cessity has arisen for a through train from New York to Atlanta over the Coast Line and the Georgia railroad. The Coast Line has already built up a splendid travel over their system from the North into Augusta, and especially has this been the case dur? ing the past tourist season, for they hauled very nearly four-fifths of the Augusta-Aiken tourists, and were compelled to add a line of sleepers as well aa a dining car on their regu? lar train between Florence and Au? gusta, which connected here with trains No. 85 and 82, the fast mail to r.nd from the North. The new train it is said is to leave New York over the Pennsylvania sys? tem about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, Washington about 9 o'clock in the evening, Richmond about 2 in the morning, Rocky Mount abort 5. and Florence about 10, reaching Augusta about 2 and Atlanta about 6 o'clock in the afternoon. The train is to be only a through passenger, and will be a full Pullman service, the same as the Coast Line's famous Florida Special, only not as many cars. It is reported that a coffin box Oil? ed with half pint flasks of whiskey was shipped to * party in this coun? ty, accompanied by a negro man and woman as mourners, that the sup? posed corpse was put on a wago-i and taken to a negro house, not far from Silver, and the next day, the box was buried in a burying ground somewhere near I'axville, whether this is a fairy tale or not we know not, but the party who told us assur? ed us It is the truth, after extorting o a promise from us not to give him away. And the incident is only men? tioned to show to what extent people would go to get boose.?Manning Times. Menclik II. <>f Abyssinia has in his possession mote than a thougon I locks of human hair, of every shade of color ano texture; each of these is tare fully labeled with the date and other particulars of its acquisition. FARMERS' INSTITUTE HELD. V?:ri<Miltural Experts DeHver line SiK'oelies at Bislopville. Bishop ville. Aug. 31.?The Farm? ers' Institute, under t':e auspices of the farm demonstration work, of Lee County, has come and gone, and the farmers of the county ought to he improved if they are not. The in? stitute met at Hishopville last Friday morning at 11 o'clock, and it took but a short time to discover from the number of experts and the range of their discussion (as gathered from State Ageni William's outline of the ground to be covered in his opening -latement) that there was a big opportunity for the farmers of the county. They did not attend as they should have, though many more came than were expected. These experts stayed here two days and taught all who wanted to learn?taught them how to take short cuts, told them how to solve those persistent, annoying little prob? lems that are eternally being faced; told them how to do big things eco? nomically, how to increase the ave? rage productiveness of the farms, how to decrease expenses, how to cultivate on less commercial fertili? zer, how to prepare, how to fertilize, how to select seed, how to work the crop. Almost the A to Z of the bus? iness was handled by trained, cap? able men, each one having spent years In experimenting with a sub? ject before talking about it and gave to his audience in short, terse state? ments facts that a combination of ed? ucation, patience toil and money was necessary to unearth. That locks like opportunity?when the other fellow does the experimenting, it does look as if one would be will? ing to practice the methods found by him to be best. But that is just what the farmer will not do. He must be from Missouri, for you have to show him. When he changes a tried plan he must have more than somebody's word for It that the new plan is bet? ter than the old one. Hence the scheme of demonstration work. It shows him. It goes on his farm and teaches him that he is doing it wrong. It would be useless to try to cover the ground covered in these two days. They ran the whole gamut. State Agent Ira W. Williams deserves great credit for the ability with which he is handling this work in the State. If his institutes in other coun tles h't^e ?.p much gem?'ne merit In them was In this one, it is nard to estimate the good they will accom? plish. No farmer in rea^h of one should miss it. Then the boys' demonstration work, of which Mr. O. B. Martin is at the head, is a big thing. Their purpose is to inspire a love for scien? tific farming in the youth and keep him on the farm, or better, send htm to an agricultural college and bring him back to the farm perfectly equipped. Twenty-seven boys in Lee County each has his acre, and next winter or fall they will have an ex? hibition at Bishopville. when their products will be judged and the prizes awarded. It does* not take much sight to see the possibilities of that scheme. Immediately before adjournment Congressman Lever addressed the meeting, showing the willingness of the agricultural department to help them. The gist of his speech, how? ever, was expressed in one of his [ epigrams, "You want more man and I less mule on the farm." Mr. Lever is popular over here, and is always I gladly heard on any subject. Neptune takes over 160 years to make one complete revolution round ibe sun. The race Is not always to the swift; but that is no reason why a man should emulate the tortoise. The people who sneer at us would probably be very much surprised to know what we think of them. Fifty thousand tons of soot are tak? en from London chimneys in a year. 66 06 "Men may come, and men may go," The Mutual Life Insurance Co. Goes on forever. For sixty-six years The Mutual Life Insurance Co. has met every obliga? tion promptly and satisfactorily. Do not delay?now is the time to insure, L M. LORYEA, Special Agent, Clurcndon and Sumter Counties, THE MUTUAL LIFE INS. CO. of New York, Manning. S. C. 66 6. J. E. McFaddiii, S, L Till. Agii Sardinia. Agt. Manning. MR. JOE BROWN of The S. M Pier son Co., has gone for a load of drivers, workers and saddlers also mules. LOOK FOR GOOD ONES. 8-31-3t. W. It. FOR BALE Seed rye and oats, will have seed wheat, barley etc., later. Booth-Harby Livestock Co., 8-2 But 8t.