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Sill! OF PELLAGRA.
( 'NDITION IN GROWING AND \<; CORN HAVE (CHANG? ED. The Cause of it u Not Absolutely Known Hut It to Believed to Be < tonnect'tt With the Couaumptlon s| Corn In Some Way?Im Worse In Northern Italy Where Fall* ere ? hort. Early nod Wet?The letter Type In the south. Washington. Aug. 16.?Experts con ? ed with the bureau of Agricul? ture end the public health and ma? rine hospital service of the govern n.. nt here are devoting much time to "it ?tudy of pellagra, the dlaease to be working much havoc In rtara sections of the South. It has be?n seid that "hlatory and observa? tion show clearly that the first ' ap? pearance of the disease, and Its lairr dissemination, followed, more or 'ms lose I y. the Introduction of maize ? iHorn Into Spain and Its gradual spread to France, Italy and other rise of southern Europe. Those In authority here say that the exact cause of pellagra la un? known. It first appeared in Spain In IIS. Italy 1713; France 1829. In ft It thete were In the provinces of _ raibard}* alone, 20,000 cases, and In 1179, twice aa many. In a total pop? ulation of If.700,000 In nothecn Italy. Upnyg are 104,017 cases. Pellagra Is one of the chief causes of Insanity m??r?g the poorer classes of Italy, iti the people who have It try to Jhlde the fact from others as It is al ?ur aa bad as having hereditary In nay in the family. . e disease Is accompanied by a r?l scaly eruption on the handa and t and those parte of the body that ? ?xpoaed to air. A little swelling Usually goes with It. The amount of *ffect?*<) has nothing to do with ^Hg severity of the case. For a long "j> many believed that pellagra was to leproey but that theory has i>e?n exploded. Ptgeetlve troubles follow, and dlar baea, gad H It.lasts a long time the gathnt becomes weak, and the brain 1? > cted. and fits of depression at? tack the victim. In old. chronic suizidal mania develjps, taking the 1 >rm of a desire to Mrown?this ben, explained by the fearful Itching the akin. In Italy, among the pHitsunta, the disease Is called "the ????es that drives you 'into the wa i r Finally, in the last stages, the nt refuses to eat and goes to c-' * '. chronic i.ve of pellagra fur .* gag cent, of the Insane in *t*? spltals of northern ltal> ils country there is more of ta< ? uta type, lasting only a few *a?k? Instead of years, and leading utmost invariably to death, with gen r*l svmptoraa Hot unlike typhoid. It 1*1? <iu!ie probable that the chronic f'4-ie occurs, also, but the doctors have not learned to look for It and 4 la* nose It The ausee for pellagra are not ab uuteh known. It did not appear In Kur until after the Introduction of ^ ind?an corn, and la almost confined to localities where corn forms a con? siderable portion of the diet, princl pall> in northern Italy. Roumanla and Kolgaiia. Thia has led to the that In some way the disease t* go" n?cted with the consumption of ? ? ??n but pellagra does not exist ev ??ryw ? corn Is grown, for It Is pro dugjtd . retty much all over Italy, wft& >ly the nothern portion suf? fers. This led to the modification oi ths < i ri theory?good corn Is harm l?'se r?'< spoiled corn may bring on rh? cTt.s.jase. In southern Italy the ^ iail 1? ?>ng and corn ripens well and .'Men thoroughly and doean't apoil. wn|k i the nothern aectlon, It la ny, ?ort and wet. so that corn of s and rota, and there the poor pfieeni haa no choice, but muat eat Ott.? bad grain. . i iheory, that of spoiled corn, Is held by the majority of physicians In Iti,/ here are many, however, who now It. and contend that the dis? ci-.-e Ig produced by some microbe de upon corn. In which case I < .-n * ?uld be Indirectly responsible. Bgl the many microbes charged. has been found guilty after Investigation. Therefore, if It robe, the particular one is un? known The ?pponents of the corn theory I always trgue that. In America, where au mu corn Is used, the disease did not ?< a\ This. It la now known, was no argument, for there has probably boon s "ttle pellagra in the South fo> rnany rsgftX and recently, more of It. The r o.dltlons In the corn Industry have changed. The old corn Indus i long time was the dltdllla t . hlskey. for that u?ed for hu wh* raised, milled and con ^ally. Under these clrcum hU- he farmer picked the be^t his own use. The best of farmers do It to this day |. ? r ribs there are four gggketl . for meal com, f<>r see I ?rse corn and for bog corn rd and his family and his bread from sound corn, ulty went to the hogs In slavery time, and in many instances do yet. But this is no longer general? ly true. A great deal of the meal used is from corn grown in the great corn belt, which is being extended rorth and west every year. Corn dii fers from other grains in that it con? tains very much more moistur-j, mak? ing better conditions for moulds and microbes. and unless thoroughly dried, spoils much more easily. In shipping the moulds appear, when corn is heated, In closed cars and the result is the South gets much spoiled grain. Corn is sold by weight and If the producer dries it out thoroughly before shipping he is the loser, and consequently, much of it is shipped before curbed, In cars where light and air cannot get at It, and, although it may have been sound when loaded, It may be completely spoiled when It arrives at Its destination. The dealer who gets it, there being no law to prevent him, may tumble to the temp? tation to mix the bad with enough good corn, so that when milled it will not be offensive to the smell or taste, and sell it. Meal from such corn, undoubtedly sold in great quan? tities, is used for food. These conditions did not use lo ex? ist. Such corn is shipped New Eng? land, yet there is no pellagra. The climate is cooler, and the rotting is more or less checked, and the great bulk Imported is fed to domestic ani? mals. Most New England peop'e eat fl tur bread, while in the South 33 per cent of the negroes and 20 per cent, of the mountaineers of Tennessee and Georgia eat corn bread. These prob ibly are the differences, provided coin is the cause. The remedy is simple if applied: Forbid the sale, and export and the handling of spoiled or rotten corn. On this point Dt. Carl L. Alsberg, ex? pert In drug and plant investigations in the bureau of plant Industry, in an address before the sixth annual meeting of the American Society of 1rop>cal Medicine, held here in AptII. said: "Cause the corn to be thorough? ly dried before transportation. To bring this about, corn must be sold upon a basis of its molst?re content. But to make this possible there must he an efficient Impartial system of train standardization. Such a sys :em under the complex conditions of >ur present civilization can without doubt, be best carried out by the Fed? eral government" Legislation along this line, in this direction, "would," he said, "be as truly a potent influence in our public health as a Federal quarantine." Italy looks after its corn supply. Most stringent laws are enacted, and th? government dries the home-grown product free of charge for the peas? ants. AU pellagra patients are under the supervision of the government. If the Western corn used by the Southern people were dried before weighed and shipped millions of dol? lars would be saved to the consumers. Thirty per cent, of corn is water. The Federal government It is believed, will eventually have to look after all corn sold for food purposes. learning From a Negro. We ran across an old negro the other day who can neither read nor write, but who has kept his eyes open, and has reached some progressive conclusions that ought to make some of our white farmers rather ashamed of themselves by comparison. When he hauled his cotton to mar? ket the other day, this negro got a better price per pound than our white farmers have been getting, because the buyer said it was about the best bale that he had seen this season. The old negro never lets a bale lie ovt in the weather, but keeps it housed, and when he gins his cotton he always instructs the ginner to put good bagging on It "I have always noticed," said the old darkey in talking fo us, "that anything that looks nice and good, no matter what It Is, fetches moie money. The good bagging that I put on my cotton costs twenty cents a hale extra, and I believe I sometimes get $2.00 a bale more on account of the neat-looking bagging, not to say anything of the better price I get on account of keeping the cotton dry and under shelter."?Progressive Farmer. Georgetown Dispensary Often. Georgetown. August 30.?George? town's dispensary opened up this morning, and the result was an utter demoralization of negro labor. By daylight. It Is said, the roads and streets were filled with negro men on I the way to the booze shop, and there has b?-en more drunkenness to he seen on the streets today than for a whole year previously. During the time the dispensary has been closed scarcely a case of drunkenness was to be 8?-en or heard of. The blind tigers soon went dry after tbe closing of the dis? pensary and the town was practical? ly dry and sober until today. It was a Bacchanalian scene In Africa. No whites drunk and disorderly were to l>?- seen, he it said to their credit. Georgetown Is going to heat us to the street railway, hut then walking in Cicorgctown Is not as good as In Florence. ? Florence Times. 18 COUNTIES SELLING WHISKEY. Dispensaries in All Rut Three Entitled Tt Do Business Yesterday. Columbia,- August 30.?Eighteen of the twenty-one counties in which elections were recently held upon the dispensary question were entitled to open up the doors of the dispensaries this morning, including, of course, those dispensaries that opened up Saturday afternoon. The Peaufort returns were made complete this morning and the result as shown in i eaufort was very close. Abbeville returns were incomplete and the offi? cials were notified by wire and the proper returns will be mailed up to? day so that the Abbeville dispensary may open tomorrow. All the other dispensaries were notified to open save Florence and Alken, where the contests are yet before the local boards of canvassers. The official returns were compiled today for the eighteen counties, being as follows: Returns Incomplete from Abbeville. County For. Against. Bamberg.162 663 Barnwell.553 804 Beaufort. 250 233 Berkeley. 213 540 Charleston. 1,868 341 Calhoun. 262 285 Colleton. 209 876 Dorchester. 579 666 Faireld. 168 752 Georgetown. 447 363 Hampton.181 712 Kershaw. 340 674 Lee. 309 586 Lexington. 806 1,197 Orar.geburg. 529 1,499 Richland. 841 762 Sumter. 386 577 Williamsburg .... 629 859 The discussion has again arisen as to what the next Legislature will do on the whiskey question. Opinion ap? pears to be about evenly divided that the Legislature will pass a State-wide bill, and that the matter will be left as it now is. Local optionists frankly state that it was their understanding that the compromise in the senate last session that was accepted in the house was binding upon all. On the other hand, it is stated that the compromise was only for the time being and that prohibitionists are free now to intro? duce at the next session of the Legis? lature any bill looking to further con? trol of the liquor question that they wish?L. M. G. in News and Courier. How Co-operation Helps the Georgia Peach Growers. A press dispatch from Atlanta says that the Georgia peach crop this year will net the growers a profit of half a million dollars. Last year 6,000 cars brought about $1,000,900; this year 2,000 cars brought about the same amount. The difference in price is attributed largely to better methods of marketing the crop. "This year for the first time, Geor? gia growers organized into i mutual benefit exchange, modeled on the lines of California fruit shippers' as? sociations. The raisers of other great Southern fruit crops, particularly oranges, are organizing similar asso? ciations. In each case Southern asso? ciations have followed the California idea of 'keeping the crop rolling,' in freight cars and selling it as it moves by means of reliable agents of the as sociations." Here Is more proof, if more proof could be needed, that it pays farmers to co-operate, and that the way to co? operate is to go at it on a business basis. By working together for a common object the farmers of any neighborhood, or those engaged In any particular line of work, have it in their power to largely increase the profits to be derived from their work. But all these co-operative associations must be organized on strictly business principles. It is'nt worth while to take up the half-done ideas of any promoter who is governed more by sentiment than by business sense or to expect sporadic enthusiasm to take Ihe place of well-formulated plans of work. If you see any place where your neighbors and yourself could work tog* ther to mutual advantage, call their attention to the opportunities you are neglecting and see If you can't agree on a plan for concerted effort. The habit will grow on you, and it will be a money-making habit.?Pro gressive Farmer. A Wag's Answer. A sentry while on duty was bitten by a valuable retriever, and drove his bayonet into the dog. Its owner sued him In the county court for Its value, and the evidence showed that the sol? dier had not been badly bitten after all. "Why did you not knock the dog with the butt end of your rifle?" asked the Judge. The court nicked with laughter when the sentry re? plied; "Why didn't ho bite me with his tall?" London Daily News. Fat Man What? Arcs you going to let the small hoy shave me? Har? ber?Let |he h??y have his fun for once. It's his birthday, sir. ?-Fle gtnde Blaetter. BADLY HURT IN RUNAWAY. Capt. W. F. Zeigler, of Orangebiirg. In a Critical Condition. Mr. L. E. Symmes, baggage master at the Union Depot, yesterday after? noon received a communication from Orangeburg, S. C, to the effect that Capt. W. E. Zeigler, his brother-in law and the well-known proprietor of the St. Joseph's Hotel at Orangeburg, was In a critical condition as the re? sult of an accident last Friday even? ing. It is stated that Capt. Zeigler and a companion were riding in a buggy near Orangeburg, when the j horse became frightened at an auto- | mobile and ran away, spilling the oc? cupants of the vehicle into the road. Capt. Zeigler sustained a fractured skull. Capt. Zeigler is well known In i Charleston, having been born and j raised in this city and having many | friends here.?News and Courier, Aug. j A Canine l'urnd' Just now, when atic..k4on is cen? tered on the pet dog's welfare and how he shall travel, whether in hate? ful baggage cars or in the Pullman, it is pleasant to know how different | it all is for the canines of society in Europe. For it seems, having had cemeteries and hospitals founded for them, French dogs have been given a convent. This is an old cloister of the Salesian Friars, situated in Rueil. which has been acquired by a num? ber of dog lovers, who intend to turn it into a canine paradise. The con? vent is a spacious building, with large refectory, library ad recreation hall, not to mention the chapel. These apartments will be used as surgical, medical and dressing rooms and infirmaries for exceptionally in? valid pensioners, and the beautiful gardens, where the prayerful friar took his daily exercise, will be left for the four-footed inmates to disport themselves in as well as age and in? firmity will permit. The acquisition of this one-time convent, writes a Paris correspondent, has been cele? brated by the Canine Relief Society, an organization akin to Boston's Ani? mal Rescue League, already by a banquet, while the grand opening will take place Sept. 7. Heigho: hope the superannuated Lulus of, Parisian high life will appreciate thl? conventual ending of their days.? Chatterer, in Boston Herald. From a Philosopher's Notebook. Salad days are those in which the long green is plentiful. Falling in love at first sight is all right if you are insured against the consequences of the second. As a rule, the young person who is conspicuously lavish with his dough will be found on investigation to be half-baked. Women are never selfish in the matter of secrets. There are very few who will not share thir last one with you If you will give them a chance. The chief trouble with the average alarm clock sems to be that after the llrst fright the alarm wears off. If there is anything the world hates more than a quitter it is the man who refuses to quit when he is through. In these days of frequent divorce and legalized polygamy, a child ut? terly without ancestors may still have forefathers?nay, even five. If it be true that the devil sends the cooks, we should rejoice that he is at last engaged in so useful an oc? cupation. It is curious how easily a woman can be deceived by a foreign suitor making his appeal through a coronet, when she would instantly spot a fel? low American who was talking through his hat.?Lippincott's. He?Marry?No! I propose to re? main single. She?Isn't that a funny reason for proposing?Bc*ton Tran? script. The body of O. T. Bryant who was drowned in the Congaree river at Co? lumbia Sunday while boat'ng was re? covered yesterday afternoon. 30. The Arrival. A modern lady died and went to hades. His majesty met her deferen? tially at the gate. "Will it he possible for me to se? cure an establishment here?" she said. "Certainly, madam." "In a desirable location?" "I think so." "I don't ears to be near the riff? raff. And I should like to be sure and get suitable servants." "You should experience no difficul? ty. There are several good agen? cies." "I could give dinner parties when I liked?" "Dear me, yes." "And make a splurge of it?" "Oh, certainly." "I should expect to spend my sum? mers abroad.' "Quite right. Return tickets free.' "You have operas?" "Several, devoted to the haut ton." The lady lifted her lorgnette. Sh?, smiled slightly. "Do you kn^w," she said, "I am agreeably surprised? I was afraid this place was not kept up to the stand? ards. It troubled me to think I might have to associate with my inferiors. I am glad to see that you have such jense of the fitness of things. I am very glad to ha^e renewed our brief acquaintance made on earth, and I will trouble you to see that my ar? rival is chronicled in the society col? umns of the papers." His majesty bowed respectfully. "Sorry, madam, but that will be impossible." She gazed at him haughtily. "How is that?" she asked, sternly. "There are no papers here. There are no society columns. No matter v. hat you are doing the public is in absolute ignorance of it." And sinking back, she muttered solftly to herself: "This is indeed hell!"?Life. A Quiet Rebuke. An "object admonition" like the, one described by Warren Lee Goes in his article, "Campaigning to No Pur? pose," published in Johnson's "Bat? tles and Leaders of the Civil War/ is often more efficacious than storms of reproach. One day the colonel of the regiment noticed a soldier on parade wearing a badly soiled pair of gloves. "Corporal." said the officer, "why do you set the men such a bad exam? ple as appearing before them in dirty gloves? Why is it? "I've had no pay, sir, since I en? tered the service," returned the cor? poral "I can't afford to have them done up." The colonel drew from his pocket a pair of gloves, spotless white. Hand? ing them to the corporal, he said quietly: "Put these on. I washeet them myself." It was an unforgotten lesson to the whole regiment. MASTER'S SALE. By virtue of the decree of the Court of Common Pleas for Sumter County^ In the State of South Carolina, in the case of Minnie McDowell, plaintiff, against Lula Palmer, Frank Walsh and Ida Walsh, defendants, I will sell at public outcry, to the highest bid? der, at the Court House in the City of Sumter, in the County and State aforesaid, on Saleday in September, 1909, being the sixth day of said month, during the legal hours of sale, the following real estate, to wit: All that tract of land in the City and County of Sumter, adjoining lands of Dicey Mickens, Durant, Betsy Wil? liams, W. H. Price and Angellne Nel? son and Minnie McDowell and being all the real estate owned by Barte mus Grant at the time of his death. Terms of sale, cash. Purchaser to pay for papeprs. E. C. HAYNSWORTH, 8-21-31-law Master. Our First Car Horses ? Mules WILL ARRIVE MONDAY,SEPT. 6TH. COME AND SEE THEM, YOUR KIND WILL BE IN .THE SHIPMENT. USUAL STOCK OF VEHICLES HARNESS, BUILDING MATERIAL AND ALL KINDS OF FEED. BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER. SUMTER, SC. A Fair Proposition In the daily routine of business the banker should be reimbursed for actual outlays; and not only for this, but for the use of his capital, time and labor he should be fairly compensated. Upon the basis of this prop? osition, we beg to tender you our very best service. First National Bank, of Sumter Is prepared to make liberal loans on cotton stored in the warehouse?. : : ; : Farmers! WE can supply you with BAGGING and TIES. Call and get our prices before you buy. We know that we can save you money on these articles besides giving you goods that have quality. Don't forget us when you are ready to \ urchase. A- A. Strauss 6 Co.f 25 NORTH MAIN STREET. Sumter, - . South Carolina.