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MtVMAV, tCTOBER 18, 1900.
Hl? Somter Watchman waa found ?i hi UM an? the True Southron In 1441. The Watchman and Southron Bow haa the combined circulation and at hath at the old papers, ?e aaaaefastUr the beat advertlalng sa Suss tor. The Southern cetten spinners seek ? defend their aareemeot to shut their shltfts for the purpose of curtafhag production oa the ground that a curtailment of production will adaewes the price of cotton goods, and with, the advance In price of go sic. *aw cotton will also advance m price. If Ig probably a fact that the red act lea la the quantity of pian a factored product will enhance the price et cotton goods, but how the de ersass to. consumption of cotton can tsMr^aae the price of raw cotton Is dhfJcutt ef e apian all on. The farmers hare the remedy in their own hands however, and they can protect thalr Interest By refusing to sell If the prlc.? of cotton declinea The crpp la ahor*. and an the milts cannot stay shut dawa ladedniCely. they will eventual? ly he f orced to pay the price cottop is worth. If the farmers simply stor) theCr cotton and stadjd pat Cotton Is worth snore than it is bringing now. ease 1m j Muropoan spinners would n H be such eacer purchasers. It will be worth euere neat spring, unless un foraeea eoodl?ana arise, and the far aasra wheuid resist by every means In thehr paaret the effort to depress he- talk of curtailment by 'he The mills will loae more by on actual shut down ef any duration than Chap would by continuing In operation with cotton at present price*, aad they are act going to shut dawa foe* longer than a few days or TtUa talk of curtailment is, In t?My talk, krvary time ahuta down the news la tele led all over the country, but waea\ tfte same mill resumes opera ttoa?twe days afterwards, the faot Is kept a* etat tt aa poasible. When the iota' Association begiru talking of the world Is given the whale story, hat when they cannot fill shear eraeVa area when running over Wsae awA their profits amount to 10 aar cent share U po publicity. ? e s rrsBt today the programme ar niftd W the Ftorence Board of Trade tor the Tuft Day Celebration and v*cc Dae oanvention which will Be held. m rtoreooe. Nov. Sth and itsk rhe occasion premises to be Bs SB wiUraaMng aad instructive and aatsi mi as* professions and ooeupeA Wist 1st Beuedtted by attending the ocas callow, Florence is prepared to oners l sin alt whe may visit the city that dap aad It is to be hoped foal ?vaster county will be represented by B large delegation The success of ;he tig eefctsratiea that Florence has un sVrtahvn will be measured largely by the attendance and Sumter should BHp tier Muter city and very good fr end and neighbor to make of it the ejTWKc* possible * access. D 3AT11 OP* Ml IS. M H. GORDON. II cart * von tue F-nds the Life of a No. Irte Georgetown Woman. 9 Seeigvtowa. Oct. 11 ? Mrs. M. H O* rdow wife of the Iste Capt. D. Q? rdoa. of lane-i. 8. C, died sudd ly ef hv?rt aifecpon at the home! her 'Ufc'Mer. htra J. L. M er rim C ^ning at 1 o'clock, where * he Vtwitor during the recent slide hit . Merriman. Mrs. Gordon r??4 . * Isa| night in her usj&I he-filth m l sfMritH. hat awoke during the n**mt cocnpi-Alninx of a difficulty In breathing. The dootor was a -nt for. Hoi fccfore he could arrive the and cavne. .She remained perfectly eener?eufc to the last. Mrs. Gordon waa a t*dr ef groat fore* of charac? ter and macieus manners, and her frteaSw ere aumsrou*. The entire earns* anibs here, where she is well known wa? shocked and grieved Im ineaau* aidv when the sad news was reported (bus morning. Mrs. Gordon a Kettle*, ef Privateer, and ?t> f tum ef age at the time of her fifc* was meat happily mar? ts rdjM rfaivairic and brave Capt ? 'Cardon, whose record as a 4d^4?tc oivU war aad as a clti Bf s pi xti inheritance to his c'UI 7. * tUorden learea a number of et* JL> keep gieen her memory, dftrs. Lauren* Mouson and J faftfeteBBhBB, of this city; Mrs. 1* ?. a'J'. u'. aeon, of Charleston, and Biffa. Gee; 4? Deaf edicts, of Sumter, at ?hl k 4m( place lira Gordon has her eio?ne far the past several Bob> will he taken to Lanes thbs afternoon, aad Interred In the illy Bwfia* ground at Union church. ein ? ?hew that there was a f.unday night Cat!asi need are bringing better eeaaou than for several ira Bam faimers have received high aa |f I * ( *' 1 ?" their sand, Farmers' Union News ?AND ? Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers (Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter County.) The Watchmen and Southron havlag decided to double ita service by semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special ?features. The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Unto nd Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my aim to give ths Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end officers, and members of ths Union are requested to use these i columns. Abo to publish auch clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern? ment Bulletins as I think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori? ginal articles by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures will be appreciated and published. Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned, THE EDITOR. All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs, Mayesvtlle, S. C. FARM NOTE?. Tis the Corn Shocks Well. I have noticed In traveling about that a large part of the damage complained of In corn that Is cut off at the ground is due to carelessness in shocking. I have seen Held after field where the shocks are tumbling open and expos? ing the interior to the rain. This is because so many fall to tie the tops of the shocks. Every shock ahould be bound at the top with tarred twine or binder twine. Have a rope of small else with an eyelet on one end. Pass this arpund the top of the shock, putting the other end of the rope in the eyelet and draw the tops together while another hand makes the tie. Then remove the rope to use on tks next shook. Still, In a humid climate, there will bs some damage, of course, on the outside, and I have seen shocks her? this fall, where we have a sea? side climate, that are quite black with ungus growth but bright inside. But, levertheleae, for the beat use of the land it 1? better to cut the corn where one has wisely made plenty of other forage. The lack of peavine and clov r hsy Is one of the principal reasons 'or adheretng to the stripping of v- la des, and one having plenty of bet? ter forage can afford to save corn and have lese valuable fodder by cutting It off at the ground. Then, as soon as the corn in the shocks Is well matured, get R out and haul in the fodder before the land gets too wet to haul over. It is far more comfortable to shuck the corn from the shocks in pleasant wsather than to let It atay in the field till one's hands are numbed with the cold in mucking It. Then, having the corn in shocks, one can prepare the land nicely with the disk or cutaway har? row for ths fall grain. Work In the Garden. My first sow? ing of spinach is now up well, also my lettuce plants for fall and winter. I shall make another aowlng of spin? ach, for there Is no greens so nice all winter. Tou can still sow Seven-top turnips tor spring greens. When the cold weather comes throw some soil to each side of the rows as a protec? tion. Plant sets of the Yellow Potato onion now for green onions and ripe ?V'es. White Queen, too, Is a beauti Wxl onion and very early, but it runs "? seed In spring and should be used gre*n only. Make furrows and fer? tilizer well and bed on these and set the sets deeply in the ridges so that they will be on the surfact when the soil is pulled from them in pring. Ha\ e a few glass sashes and a frame.for: growing lettuce and radishes of ths.early sorts in spring after the lettuce has been cut. One who has never had a cold frame in the South has a faint Idea of what an amount of healthful vegetables can be had from a small space. How to Keep Sweet Potatoes. As soon as frost nips the vines cut them off from the hill even If you do not dig at once, for the dead vine left on the hills will affect the roots. Dig, If possible, on a bright sunny day. Let the roots lie along ths rows and sun till evening, and do not allow them to be thrown In heaps and bruised. Haul In baskets or boxes, and neeer pile In a wagon body, for the keep? ing of the potatoea depends largely on the way they ars handled In digging and storing. If you have no potato house with heaMng aparatus you can store In banks under a rough ahed. Make a thick layer of pine straw and put about twenty-five bushels In a heap and oover thickly with pine straw. Make a rough board shelter over the heaps, but put no earth on them till ths sweating is over and the weather is getting cold. Then cover with six Inches of dry soil. Keeping the heaps dry Is of great Importance for ths dry soil will keep out more cold than wet soil. I have kept them sound till June In this way.?Prof. Maasey In Progressive Farmer. Petal* In Selecting Cotton Seed. The "Agrlcultral News," published in Barbadoes, gives the following points to be considered in the selec? tion ami improvement of cotton seed: "(1) To maintain uniformity in the cotton production. "(2) To increase yields by pro? ducing a heavier bearing plant, and one which matures all its bolls. "(3) To produce plants with a disease-resisting power. "(4) To produce a plant which yields a minimum quantity of weak fiber; ?.ence. one which gives a stronger and less wasteful cotton. "(6) To Increase the quality of the cotton as regards fineness and length. "(8) To produce a plant adapted for the conditions of the district In which It Is being developed." I suppose that the first item means the maintaining of a standard coton for the district in which It la grown, and hence would more fairly be ln clu led in the sixth item, for In all of our selection of cotton seed we most have In mind the necessities of the climate In which we are working. In the upper South this means an early maturing cotton, of course, and In the demand brought about for an early cotton In the weevil-infested sections. It becomes of greater Importance for the upper South to produce seed for that section. As to the s^cottd Item, the object of any breeder of cotton should tp get the heaviest producing plant attain? able/ even If In our climate we can* not hope to get a plant that will ma? ture all Its bolls, though in exception? al seasons we may mature the top crop.. The third itesa Is Important in many sections where the cotton- wilt has developed. There the selection of seed from resistant plants becomes of vital importance, and it has been shown that this resistant character can bo perpetuated. Then, as regards the fourth and fifth items. It is certainly desirable to produce a strong fiber and a fine and long one. But then another question arises: "Is it practicable to greatly In? crease the length, and fineness o fthe flbep* without sacrificing earliness and productivity?" So far as has been shown the shorter flbered cotton is, as a rule, the earliest and most short jointed, and hence most productive of bolls, and in producing a plant we must have always in view the de? mands of our climate as is indicated by the sixth item. What might be accomplished in the tropical climate of Barbadoes would not at all apply to the upland cotton of the great Cot? ton Belt. We would, therefore, make the important points for our section the productiveness and short-Jointed habit of the plant, and so far as is consistent with this and earliness, we would pay attention to the lengh and fineness of the fiber, but would rather sacrifice these for earliness and pro? ductive character. To attain these we must have a separate seed patch for seed only, from which we can eliminate all long Jointed and prospectlvely Inferior plants as soon as they develop and before the blooms have infected those around. It is the same principle that is true with any plant we wish to improve. We must remove unfavor? able Influences around It. It will not be sufficient to merely select seed from the best plants If bad plants are blooming all around them. We must endeavor, so far as possible, to Insure I the parentage, we plant the aeed patch, and having In mind the ideal cotton plant for our section, see that only those plants are left to bloom and make seed that come somewhere near that Ideal. By sticking closely to this year after year we shall Anal? ly get what we are after.?Progres? sive Farmer. A Personal Note. Those who take Edltor Poe at kls word and are piling In their cards, must take this as my reply to all, for I cannot answer each persons1 ly. The whole object of my life has been to help uplift the farming of the South, and I have prayed for the leading and direction of that All-wise One whoce soil we till, and if I have accomplish ed anything of good it is because He has led me in a way I knew not. I have lived to see great improvement In the farming of the South, and wish that I could live to see still greater. I can hardly realize that I have spent seventy years of life, for I feel so young and active that it seems odd for people to call me old. I am 70, but they say a man is as old as he feels, and I feel like 40, and hope that I shall continue to feel that way for some time to come. W F. MASSET. Heavier Bagging Once Again. Our editoriala in regard to the 6 per cent tare on cotton bagging have excited widespread interest in all parts of the South, and have brought, us numerous letters and interviews, from cotton buyers and cotton manu? facturers as well as from cotton growers themselves. The lack of in? formation concerning this subject of cotton tare among all etasses in the South Is nothing leds than amazing, and wjhlle we stand ready at any time to correct any erroneous statement of ours In this matter has yet been shown to be an error, and what fol? lows In this edluorlal is based on the best information to secure. Our position, t hen, in regard to this whole matter should not be hard to understand. European manufac? turers (who buy nearly 60 per cent of the American cotton crop) haye fixed the tare at 6 per cent of the gross weight of the bale. That is to say, they allow 30 pounds tare on a 500-pound bale, or 24 pounds on a 400-pound bale, etc. A prominent cotton manufacturer tells us that a rebate is given the exporter in case the tare is less than 6 per cent., but this does not In any way affect our position. The' facts so far as they have come to light simply show that foreign buyers who get the bulk or our cotton set prices with a view to paying for only 470 pounds of lint for each 500-pound bale. If the far? mer does not put on this amount of bagging the rebate' goes to the ex? porter for this shortage when this re? bate really belongs to the farmer. Cotton manufacturers with whom we have talked and corresponded have admitted the truth of this statement, but have argued that competition is likely to equalize this matter. In ac? tual practice, however, the farmer who has the bale with light-weight bagging usually accepts the prevail? ing price per pound for cotton when ft Is offered him, and does not get the advantage of the theoretical compe | titfo.n among- cotton buyers. What we are pleading for its a uni? form system. We at least want the farmer to know what the standards are. so that if his bagging' Is under i weight he will get the advantage and : not have the rebate go only to the i exporter. This Is a matter which the officers of the Farmers' Union would do well to take up. Somehow or oth? er one uniform standard must be brought about. With the foreign spln ; ners fixing the price for cotton with a view to paying for only 470 pounds of lint In a bale, it is not fair for the cotton buyers of the South to make an organized effort to have the far? mers use only twenty-two pounds of bagging?that la to say, to have the farmers put In eight pounds of 12 cent cotton where the European spin? ners, our largest buyers, are figuring on paying them for 3 1-2 cent bag? ging and ties. We notice that some South Caro? lina papers are advocating smaller bales. Since 22 pounds of tare is al? lowed by the buyers, farmers are urged to make only 400-pound bales on which 22 pounds of tare would give nearly the full 6 per cent, which the foreign mills allow. This, how? ever, Is not a satisfactory plan either for tke farmer or for the manufactur? ers. There ought to be a definite un? derstanding between the farmers' or? ganizations and the manufacturers' organization as to the amount of tare to be allowed on each bale and the present double standard system with all of Its irregularities, uncertainties, and losses forever done away with. If the tare were less than 6 per cent, but uniform and unvarying, prices would soon be adjusted to com? pensate for the Increased percentage of lint in a bale, but with the present double-standard system the farmer gets caught between the upper and nether millstones and has lost thou? sands and thousands of dollars as a result. As we see It, If 6 per cent tare is to be the recognized standard by Europeon manufacturers?and it has been the standard so long that manu? facturers tell us it would be almost Impossible to change It?then the American standard should be revised to accord with it In other words, we muat have a uniform system, and the 6 per cent tare seems to be the only one that can be agreed upon.? Progressive Farmer. Another Car Horm? and Mules. We will have another car horses and mules arriving Saturday, Oct. 16. Come take a look, it may not cost you anything. Booth-Harby Live Stock Co. The Cook-Peary controversy has been settled. For particulars read the Sumtor Clothing Co.'s advertise? ment. PREPARING FOR PRESIDENT. FLORENCE BOA11D OF TRADE HUSTLING. To Have Two Days of Big Doings? The President's Visit and Pee Dee Section Convention Expected to Draw Great Crowds to Florence the 8 and Oth. The Board of Directors of the Flor? ence Board of Trade have been exert? ing every effort to hasten the progress of the arrangements for the Pee Dee section convention and the entertain? ment of the Nation's Chief, President Taft, on the evening of November 8. A special meeting of the board was held on the 4th at which a full dis? cussion of the program for the con? vention and the president's reception took place. The distinguished position of Chief Marshall of the procession of the President's party from the At? lantic Coast Line station to the cen? tral school building, where president will deliver his address, was assigned to Hon. J. Willard Ragsdale, Sheriff Thos. S. Durch and Dr. N. W. Hooks being appointed assistant: marshalls for carrying out this work. Accep? tances have already been received from the Calhoun Light Lnfantry of Florence, the Darlington Guards and the Timmonsville Guards and Capt. Hartwell M. Ayer of the Calhoun Light Infantry is continuing his ef? forts to secure the presence here of companies from Georgetown, Horry and Sumter and other points in the Pee Dee section. The committee on arrangements have secured the pres enc here, during conventionv week of the Johnnie Jones Carnival Co., which will, fn addition to its uusual attrac? tions, to be held on the Chase lot at the comer of Irby and Front streets, give a number of free exhibitions in? cluding a balloon, ascension, high dive, rope walking and the services of it'.: band for the military parade and guard mount, for the entertain? ment of the large crowds, whom it is expected will attend the convention and come to meet President Taft. Efforts are being made by Prof. J. L. Mann, superintendent <of the city schools to* secure the attendance on the evening of the 8th of numbers of school children from various points throughout the Pee Dee section to greet the president and to organize a color scheme demonstration by the little ones orr the plaza in treat of the speakers stand of the central school bulllding during the president's ad? dress. United States Senator K. D. . Smith, who has taken an active part in assisting the Board of Trade com? mittees In furthering the success of their plans, f* endeavoring to secure the attendance of the , First Artillery Band of Charleston to lead the pro? cession of the president's party and to afford first-class musical entertain? ment to our guests during the two days of the convention. The Board of Trade has issued in? vitations to act upon the reception committee to the president to a num? ber of the most distinguished citizens of the State including United States Senators TYIIman and Smith. Gov. An? sel, Lioet. Gov. McLeod, United States Congressman J. B. . Ellerbe, Hon. F. B. Gary, Secretary of State McCown, Commissioner of Agricul? ture E. J. Watson, Associate Justice C. A. Woods, Judge S. W. G. Shipp and State Senators from all the Pee Dee counties, Hon. R. G. Rhett, May? or of Charleston, Hon. Herbert K. Gilbert, Mayor and the City Council of Florence, President F. L, Willcox and the board of directors of the Flormce Board of Trade. Efforts are being made to prolong the visit of President Taft here for a suffioient time to enable him to make his address and afterd a "Pee Dee Pine Bark Fish Stew," to be given in the handsome dining room of the new Hotel Florence. If found that these arrangements can be made a special train escorted by the private car of Gen. Mgr. W. N. Royall, of the At? lantic Coast Line Railroad Company will convey the president and his party to Wilmington. Invitations to this unique entertain? ment have been likewise extended by the Board of Trade, in addition to the members of the reception committee, to a number of the prominent and representative men of various coun? ties throughout the Pee Dee section. The programme for the addresses to be delivered before the Pee Dee section convention on the 8th and >th days of November in the Florence Au? ditorium, where the session of the convention will be held, is one of the most Interesting and far reaching in it's importace that has ever occurred In this State and in the South. The sole purpose of this convention is the drawing, together of the Pee Dee sec? tion of the State in a gathering of the pceple to discuss the magnificent nat? ural resources and arglcultural ad? vancement of this region and to bring to the notice of the people of the Pee Dee section the advantages of the ex? ploitation and development of these resouces to their own and tht State's lasting good. Following is the proposed pro gromme of this session of the Pee Dee section convention to be held at the Florence Auditorium on the ?th and 9th of November: Section I. OPENING. 1. Invocation?Rev. Will M. Oliver. 2. Address of Welcome to Pee Dee Section Convention?Frederick y L Willcox. Esq., President Flor? ence Board of Trade. 3. Address of Welcome to City of Florence?Mayor Herbert K. Ge? bert of City of Florence. Section II?COMMERCE & TRADES. 1. Intelligent Labor?Hon. C. A. ^ Woods, Associate Justice, South Carolina Supreme Court, i 2. The Norfolk ec Western-Atlantic Coast Line South-Bound'?The Key to the Coal Traffic of the South Atlantic Seaboard?E. B. Jacobs, Esq., Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, Roanoke. Va, i 3. Charleston, the Gateway of the South Atlantic Coast, Its Relation to the Development of the Pee Dee Section?Hon. R. Goodwin Rhett, Mayor of the City of Char? leston, S. C. 4. Resources of the Pee Dee Section i ?James D. Evans, Esq.. Secre? tary Florence Board of Trade. 5. Community Cooperation in Ad? vertising?H. H. Richards, Esq., President Southern Commercial Secretary's Association; Secre? tary Jacksonville Board of Trade, Jacksonville, Fla. 6. Railroad md Community Cooper? ation in Intelligent Development Work?Wilbur McCoy, Industrial and Immigration Agent Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. Adjournment First Day's Session. Reception committee (In part) will meet the president and conduct kirn to Florence Contral School building. President Thft will be met at Flor? ence Central School building by spe? cial reception committee and conduct? ed to rostrum with party. Senator E. t D. Smith will make the introductory address presenting the president. The public parade will be from Station West on Evans street to poet office thence sooth on Irby street to Palmetto, thenc* to front entranne of school building. The chief marstnll will have he entire charge of the pa? rade and arrangements therefor un? der the direct! ns received from ;he president's secretary. *The president wtrj be then conduct? ed to the Florence Hotel where he will be tendered a "Pee Dee Pine Bark Fish Stew." te which will be hi- \ vited all of the members of the pres? ident's party, th? Governor and all the members of the reception com? mittee and listed guests from Flor I ence and other neighboring countka The president will be then conduct? ed to his private car by the chief marshal and special committee of re? ception. I Auditorium, Tuesday Morning. No? vember 9th, 1909, 10:30. Section VI. Agriculture and Good Roads: 1. Hon. Martin F. Ansel, Gover I nor of South Carolina. 2. The Upbuilding of our Com I monwealth?Hon. E. J. Watson, Com I mi?sioner of Agriculture, Commerce j and industries of South Carolina I 3. Farm Demonstration Work of I the Department of Agriculture of the I United States Government?Dr. I Knapp or Dr. Ira Williams, U. S. I Dept. of Agriculture. I Recess for Dinner 1:30 p. m. I Auditorium, Tuesday afternoon, Nov. 9 th, 3 p. m. j 4. Summing Up?Hon. G. Groaver nor Dawe, Managing Director South I em Commercial Congress, Washing I ton, D. C. j 5. Internal Waterways and Re? clamation Work in the Pee Dee Sec? tion?Hon. J. E. Ellerbe, U. S. Con I gressman from the 6th district of I South Carolina. Practical DemonstVation in Road I Building by an engineer of the U. S. Department of Agricultural Bureau of Roads will be made on one o* the City streets during the two days of the convention. The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad traffic department has made special rates from all points In the Pee Dee region to Florence covering the period from the evening of the 7th to the morning of the 11th days of Novem? ber, which we hope will attract the attendance of a great number of vis? itors to the city during the conven? tion. Mr. Landon C. Jones, chairman of the committee on accommodations has made special arrangements with I the hotels, boarding houses and pri? vate houses in Florence for the ac commodstion of visitors during the convention and those contemplating attending the convention should com? municate with him at once, so that accommodations may be secured for them in advance- It would be well that all such communications be sent in without delay so that arrangements may be made and comfortable quar? ters Insured. Mr. R. R. Durant, of Durants, was in the city Thursday with some very fine Kleff er pears, which he raised on his farm. Six average specimens weighed 8 1-2 pounds. FOR SALR?Car fresh Rice Flour di? rect from mills. Fine feed for horses, cows. hogs, and chickens. Booth-Harby Live Stock Co. It.