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101 TARIFF HURTS.
COTTONSEED MEN EXPECT RIS CRIMINATION AGAINST AMERICAN OIL. 5Hat? Dcpartmtnt Call? Attention to Antagonistic Attitude In Expecta? tion That From-? May Recon-udrr Determination. Washington. Nov. 16.?The Ameri? can cotton oil interests ar* greatly perturbed over the prospect that the French parliament will enact legisla? tion greatly Increasing the duty on cottonseed oil. which Is almost ex? clusively an American product. The American Cotton Oil company has Uktn the matter up with the state department, representing that the French export tariff commission has already recommended to the parlia? ment that this action be taken and that the parliament seems greatly Inclined to favor this course. According to Information received here the plan of the French govern? ment Is greatly to Increase both Its maximum and minimum ratet the producers In this country would still be confronted with a practically pro? hibitive rate. In any event, the duty would be so high as practically to prevent the competition of American cottonseed oil with peanut i nd other ttmllar oll? largely produced in the French colonies. In view of the representations the etat? department has been obliged to call attention of the French govern? ment to this discriminatory attitude. In the expectation that the French government may reconsider Its pur? pose, The state department has also been obliged to make vigorous representa? tions to the government of Roumanla, which It in learned proposes to as? sess a double duty on American agri? cultural machinery coming direct from the United States. Just whft the purpose of the Rou? manian government la In thus dis? criminating against American ma? chinery Is not well understood here. The Auctioneer's Hourglass. An auctioneer of Philadelphia col? lects all sorts of objects pertaining to his ancient calling. He baa, among other things, an Interesting set of auc? tioneers' hourglasses. Tbe auctioneer a century or so ago concluded a aale got by saying "Going, going, gone!" and rapping the counter with his ham? mer, but It was his better method to turn up a free running glass toward the end of tbe bidding and to end the ?eis Irrevocably when the sand ran owt This saved confusion and dis? pute. The auctioneers' glasses in the Philadelphia collection are picturesque One la of tortoise shall anil mother-of pearL Another la of ambtr and gold A third la of teak and Ivor/. Appropriate. A clergyman went to bave his teeth fixed by a dentist. When the work waa done tbe dentist declined to ac? cept more tban a nominal fee. Th*> parson. In return for this favor, Insist? ed later on tbe dentist accepting a vol? ume of the reverend gentleman's own writing. It was a disquisition on tbe Psalms, and oo tbe fly leaf he had in? scribed this appropriate quotation: "And my month shall show forth thy praise."?Harper's Weekly. Qavo Him a Pointer. George Ade wss once stranded In a email town. He went Into the bar? ber's shop to get shaved and endured oven unto the end. When the barber had completed his operation the hu? morist arose sod, putting a handker? chief to his face, said gravely: "Sir. you have missed your vocation. You ought to be an oyster opener." Restaurant Affiliation. The waiter in the light lunch cafe looked expectantly at the first of five men who had just entered. "Bring me a coffee cake and a cup of coffee." ordered the first man. "I'll take some milk biscuit and a glass of milk," said the second. "loa buns and a cup of tea, please." remarked tbe third. "A piece of coooanat pie and a cup of cocoa," said tbe fourth. The waiter passed on to the fifth man. "Don't say It, don't say It!" he plead? ed. "I know what you want. You want a slice of chocolate cake and a cap of chocolate." "No; I do not," protested the fifth man. "I want a plate of Ice cream and a glass of Ice water."?Judge's Library. A Subtls Hint. A representative in corJgreas, who la the father of several bright girls, tells A story whereof one daughter la the main figure. "For a long time," says the repre? sentative, "I had the bad habit of hanging about the lower floor when the girls had men callers. One even? ing I had settled In au easy chair In the reception room Just off the draw? ing room when one of my girls, who waa talking to a bright chap from our own state, called out: "'Dadr ?"What la It, daughterr " It's 0 o'clock, the hour when Tom and I usually go Into committee.' Harper's Weekly. afsybank A Co., cotton exporters of Charleston, will largely extend their docks to take care of their growing business. GOT HIM CHEAP. The Way a Famous Surgeon Waa One? Cleverly Tricked. Sir Morel Mackenzie once received a wire from Antwerp asking him his charges for a certain operation. Me replied ?530 and was told to come at once. When he stepped upon the dock he was met by three men in mourning, who Informed him sadly that he had come too late, the patient bad died. "But," said the spokesman of the party, "we shall pay you your full fee." And they did. "And now." said the man, "since you are here, what do you say to visiting the city hospital and giving a clinic for the benefit of our local surgeons? It Is not often they bare an opportunity of benefiting by such science as yours." 81r Morel said he would gladly com? ply. He went to the hospital and per? formed many operations, among which were two of a similar nature to that for which he bad been called for. When be bod finished all thanked him profusely. On the steamer going borne he met a friend, who had a business house In Antwerp. "Pretty scurvy trick they played on you. Sir Morel." "What do you mean?" asked tbe sur? geon. "Told you the patient died before you arrived, didn't they?* "Tea." "Lies. Tou operated on him and a friend with th? same trouble at the clinic. Got two operations for one price." A Study In Anatomy. The brain is the headquarters of the nervous system and contains the cen? tral offices of the Anatomical Tele? phone company. When the suburban nerve center ?ays, "Hello, central," the brain eltbei replies "What number?" or "Busy" or "Out of order," as the case may be. Sometimes tbe wires are crossed and tbe company falls to declare any divi? dends, thus placing the entire brain in the bands of a receiver. From the brain Issues the spine, which Is sometimes useful In matrimo-, ny, although rarely strong enough in man for practical purposes and con? stantly growing weaker the longer he Is married. On top of the head the hair grows, or Is supposed to. In some cases, how? ever, it falls to grow despite the most painstaking efforts. In ladles there are two kinds of hair ?vis, be Imported and domestic. In gentlemen also two kinds?namely, permanent and transient The perma? nent is seen In wild men, the transient in civilized men when young. At one time all the hairs were care? fully numbered, but the practice has been discontinued owing to great pres? sure of other matters.?Llppiocott's. The Father Pipefish. si "The best of fathers is the pipefish," , said an angler. "He hatchea the little plpeflrh. and after they are hatched he carries them about with him till they can take care of themselves. "This fish has under his tall a sac. In It he bears tbe pipefish spawn. Thus the spawn hatch In perfect safety. They are not decimated, like the other fish spawn lying unprotected on tbe bottom of the sea, by every hungry passerby. No; they all hatch, every one of them. As noon as they hatch the father fish splits or nature splits for him, the sac, and all the little fish drop out Into the sea, hut they cling to prpa. Wher? ever he goes, like a gray cloud those thousands of tiny sons and daughters surround him, and on the approach of danger they pop back again Into the sac just as baby kangaroos pop Into the sac, or marsupial pouch, of their mamma. "The male pipefish Is, In fact, tbe fernsle kangaroo of the sea." Wills and Edmund Keen. Irving used to tell with dramatic ef? fect a story about W. G. Wills, the dramatist, who, among other services, wrote for him the play "Charles I." When Wills was a boy ten years old he wns taken to see Edmund Kean play Macbeth. In the murder scene he waa so affected by the realistic power of the actor that, seized with a severe attack of nausea, he hurried from the box. Ten years later he was lunching at a chop house In Fleet street when a man entered, sat down at a table near him and ordered a meal. He was a perfect stranger to Wills, who, after a few minutes' pro? pinquity, was again seized with a fit of nausea, from which he had not suf? fered since as a boy he was at the theater on the occasion mentioned. He was obliged to leave the room. When some minutes later he paid his bill the waiter said to him: "Did you see that gentleman at the table near you? That's Edmund Kenn."-H. W. Lucy In Cornhlll Mugnzlne. Couldn't Fool Him. A Morris Itiver oysterman attended a band contest one winter night in Morris itiver. The coutestunls blew Into their great boms as if to burst their l?ngs. Tbe drummers banged their drums with might and main. Cheeks were red and round like ap? ples. Eyes almost started from tuelr sockets. The oysterman enjoyed it all. But bis attention was distracted by a deaf old gentleman who in the pianissimo passages put a large silver ear trumpet to his ear. Whenever he did this the oysterman sneered. And at laat his honest hatred of anything approaching sham overcame the man's reserve. He elbowed his way to the deaf old gentleman and said: "Look here; that don't go here. Ev? erybody knows you can't play that with your ear. Put It away, mister. You can't fool us."?Log Angeles Time*. 'Tis the mind that makes the body rich?Shakespeare. A BOWLDER BRIDGE. Probably Placed In Position by an An? cient Cloudburst. One of the most remarkable freaks of wind and erosion known in the west is to be found in one of the small? er side canyous of the Graud Canyon of the Colorado river In Arizona. In a narrow gorge, carved through centuries of flow of water and wind driven sand down the little valley, there lies a huge bowlder as big as the average house moving van seen on o city street. It Is held up solely by friction on the sides of the gorge and is entirely free from any solid connec tion with the sides of the sandstone walls. From the sandy bed of the little gor,?e to the rock Is fully seventy-five feet The Indians who once roamed over the Grand canyon country have, of course, legends to account for the locution of the big round rock, but as a matter of fact it Is believed to have rolled off the slope of a rocky and pre? cipitous mountain about five miles distant from the canyon and to have been picked up in the path of some cloudburst years ago and rolled to Its present resting place. The stone hangs only by a small projection on each side, but It is so solid that It forms a convenient foot? bridge across the gorge over which the pedestrian may take his way.?Kansas City Journal. WATERPROOF FABRICS. There Are Sevsrsl Methods by Which They Are Treated. Fabrics ore waterproofed by Impreg? nating them with metallic salts, by coating them with oil, grease and wax. by coating them with India rubber or by treating them with ammonlacal so? lutions of copper. The first process is applied to sailcloth. The canvas Is Impregnated with alum or calcium acetate and then Immersed In a fixing bath containing soap, which forms in? soluble lime or alumina soap In the cloth. Tbe second process Is used for rain? coats, imitation leather, etc. The fab? ric passes between hot rollers and then over it cylinder of wax. etc. In tbe third process a solution of India rubber in carbon dlsulphide. chloroform or other solvent Is applied. This process Is used for mackintoshes and bathing caps and Is applied to thread. In the fourth process, employed In the manufacture of bookbindings and Wlllesden canvas, cotton cloth Is run through a solution of oxide of copper In ammonia, which dissolves the super? ficial layer and on evaporation leaves It in the form of a uniform coating of cellulose. Tbe process is completed by passing the cloth between rollers. There are still other processes, but these are the most Important?Scien? tific American. His Kindly Act. In a Sunday school class recently the teacher sought to impress upon the small boys the virtue of kindly and helpful deeds. "Now," said she, "let every boy here try to do some kindness during the week and next Sunday report what he did." Next Sunday arrived, and the teach? er proceeded to listen to stories of good deeds done. Finally she reached the smallest boy in tbe class. His age is nine. "Well. Willie," she said, "have you done any kindness for any one, any? thing really helpful, during the week?" "Yes'm." "What was It?" "I let another kid copy me Arithmetic lesson off me book In school." A Billion. Great Britain clings to Its own nu? merical system and regards a billion as a million times a million. But America differs, a billion In the United States being only a thousand millions. This Is perhaps the only instance In which a thing Is bigger In the old country than in the new. One has to go only a little way from England? to Calais?to find the billion lessened, for France dignifies a thousand mil? lions with the name of billion. They are wasting a word In France in this connection, however, Inasmuch as there Is already a word, milliard, to designate this number.?Chicago Rec? ord-Herald. Worked It Off. Just what may happen to a man who Isn't strictly honest was Illustrated on a street car a few days ago. A man handed the conductor a dollar and asked for a strip of tickets. He re? ceived his five tickets, and then the conductor fumbled around for change and managed to make a "mistake." He handed the man two half dollars Instead of 75 cents. The man put awny the money without saying a word and in a couple of minutes work? ed his way to the front of the car and got off. "Say, conductor," said an in i terested observer, "did you know you didn't give that man the right change?" The conductor smiled com? placently. "That's all right" he said. "If he'd been honest and returned that bad half dollar I'd have given him a good quarter for it. I've been trying to get rid of that piece of money for a week. I guess he deserved to get stung."?Philadelphia Eecord. Llanos of Venezuela. Venezuela received its musical name from the early Spanish residents, who saw a resemblance to Venice in the sites of the inland cities. The llanos, or bleak plains, on which the llaueros live ? precurious life, have largely changed their character since Hum? boldt saw them. Then these great plains of grass supported iunumerable herds of cattle, but civil war led to the destruction of the beasts to feed the Insurgents. Tbe llanos are now rapidly becoming a potential source of timber. Proved Hit Theory, but Died. The acme of realism was reached, though by accident, in ?. criminal trial a number of years ago it Lebanon, ?. Two men bad a personal encounter. One of them after vainly trying to draw his pistol from ills hip pocket turned to flee. A moment later he fell, shot in the small of the back. One chamber of his pistol was found to have been fired. His assailant was tried for murder. The defense con? tended that the man hud shot himself while trying to draw his pistol, which had become entangled In the lining of the pocket, and that the prisoner's shot had not taken effect. The prosecution contended that such a wound could not have been self inflicted. The defend? ant's counsel, Clement. L. Vnllandig ham, undertook to demonstrate to the Jury just how the dead man's pistol had hung in the pocket and just how possible it was to inflict such a wound. Suddenly there was a loud report, and the lawyer sank to the floor. The ball had entered the back almost in the Identical spot where tbe dead man had been shot The defendant was acquit? ted. Mr. Vallandigbam died. ?Ex? change. Westminster Abbey's Poete' Comer. Turning from King Henry's chapel, with its wealth of fancy's "fairy frost work," to the poets' corner In West? minster abbey, we are attracted by a spell mightier than that of carven stones In the presence of those "serene creators of immortal things" who have enriched our literature with gifts be? yond all price. This "glorious company of paupers," as they have been termed, says a writer In Great Thoughts, have won a fame In the glow of which that of statesmen and warriors wanes and perishes, "touched to death by diviner eyes," Drawn together, as It were, by the spell of Chaucer, "our first war? bler," what Spenser calls "black ob? livion's rust" has failed to tarnish their golden record. We move entranced amid the memorials of Drayton, Ben Jonson, Spenser, Shakespeare, Beau? mont, Milton, Gray, Addison and many more, including the Impassioned peas? ant singer, Robert Burns, and the great Victorians, Robert Birownlng and Al? fred Tennyson.?London Standard. Encouragement. "I have a splitting headache," sighs the beautiful young thing. "Have you ever tried magnetic heal? ing?" asks the obliging young man. "No. What is it?" "You rest your head, thus, on my shoulder, and I pass my arm about your waist in this manner. Now be perfectly calm and see if this doea not relieve you." The position is maintained for five or ten minutes, and then the obliging young man asks: "Does your head ache any more?" "Ye-e-ea," "Well, I'm sorry I don't seem able to relieve you." He Is about to remove his arm when she looks up at him chidingly and says: "It seems to me that if you have any confidence In your method you would be willing to keep on trying."?Chicago News. Why She Shut Down. "A charming gentleman about four years old used to pass my house every day on his way to kindergarten," said a lady, "and In course of time I made his acquaintance and gave a penny to him each morning when we parted. "Eventually his mother requested me not to give any more money to him. The next morning I did not present the usual penny. He did not seem to notice the omission. The succeeding day when the penny was not given to him he said nothing. But on the morn? ing of the third day when the penny was not forthcoming he sidled up to me and whispered: 'What's the mat? ter? Ain't your husband working?* " Uncertainty of Lion Hunting. A lion is a fearful animal. Do not run away with the Idea that he is not dangerous. You may have luck to kill twenty, but No. 21 will likely get you. However careful and good a shot you may be, there Is the greatest danger in tackling a Hon. I remember Colonel H., who had lived In Africa for nine years and during that time had never seen a lion, and the first lion he saw he wounded and got badly mauled, saying to me: "Here, man; you have been here only sixteen months and havo killed five lions. Chuck it, man, while you are in luck. They are bound to get you if you go on hunting them." ?Forest and Stream. How Men and Women Face Death. now do men and women face death when the sentence is pronounced by the doctor? A medical man tells us his experience. Tell the man of higher type and greater intelligence, he says, that he 13 facing death and he begins to fight, demands a consultation, talks about going to specialists and fights grimly to the finish. Tell a woman the samo facts, and she lies back to await her fate. All women are fatal? ists. On the other hand, tell a man that he has one chance in a thousand to recover if he will undergo an opera? tion, and he will trust to his own strongth and endurance rather than undergo the knife. The woman will choose the thousandth chance and sub? mit to the operation with astounding ealmness.?Woman's Life. A Present. "Thafs a very flue purse you have, Henry." "Yes. My wife gave it to me on my birthday." "Indeed! Anything in it?" "Yes; the bill for the purse." One Exception. The Husband (during the quarrel)? You're always making bargains. Was there ever a time when you didn't? The Wife?Yes, sir; on my wedding day. DUC K MILLS TO SLOW DOWN. Consolidated Company Suspends Work Silt unlays. The mills of the Consolidated Cot? ton Duck Company, of Raltimore, have been ordered to shut down on Saturday of each week until further developments. The reduction of the weekly output of the mills is said to have been made necssary on ac? count of th shortage of the cotton crop. Mr. David H. Carroll, vice-presi? dent and secretary of the Consolidat? ed Cotton Duck Company, of this city, said yesterday that his company was not acting in concert with the companies of New England and the South, but from the same principles, "The demand for cotton goods," he said, "has fallen off since the latest rise in prices. The shortage in this year's crop is estimated at 3,000,000 bales, and the speculators In N^ew York and New Orleans and the far? mers themselves will not let the prices drop. So we have to cut the coat to fit the cloth and materially reduce our output per jveek. If we continue the present rate of produc? tion it is probable that we would have to shut down next summer, throw our employes out of employ? ment and break up the organization. So the company thought It better to reduce the hours of running the mills now, which will enable us to run all the year and keep our employes at work at fair wai?es."?Baltimore Sun. Punishment and Crime. "She seems to l>e hav'.ng a pretty good time now th it she and her hus? band are separated." whispered the three girls In the et rner as she en* tered the room. "I don't blame her." said one. "He beat her. didn't he?" They looked her over again. "Well. I don't blame him for beating her," the third declared, "if she dressed like that That red Is awful."?Ex? change. Cause For Regret. "I licked the stuffin* out o* Dick Smith this mornin'." "You bad boy! Aren't you sorry for itr "Yessum?awful sorry. I Jest found out that he's goln' ter have a birthday party tomorrow."?Cleveland Leader. It Is to Smile, In walking through a train a smile always relieves the tension of the mo? ment even if it is tbe train of your hostess' best dinner gown. A smile is frequently used to conceal a vacuum. If it is a broad smile, however, it defeats its purpose. If your newly married friends Insist upon your holding tbe baby, grab the Infant firmly by the back of tbe neck and smile. The parents will remove the child at once. If your dinner partner is talking over your head, smile. He will prob? ably grow uncomfortable immediate? ly and change the subject. If your rival appears to be cutting you out with the only girl, smile. This will rouse her suspicions at once, and she will devote the rest of her time trying to find out who "that girl" Is. A smile is a handy thing to have round, even when it is as broad as it is long. It may square a long stand lng grievance.?Puck. Modest Dan Hayes. An old playbill of the Kilkenny Theater Royal for May 14, 1793. was a few years ago reprinted in the West? ern (England) Mail, and the following is an extract from It: "The tragedy of 'Hamlet,' originally written and composed by tbe celebrat? ed Dan Hayes of Limerick and insert? ed In Shakespeare's works." The playbill concludes with the in? teresting notice that "no person what? soever will be admitted Into the boxes without shoes or stockings," It Is probable that this Irish claimant to the honor of the authorship of "Ham? let" is not so well known as his as? tounding claim might warrant The March of the Caravan. Perhaps the weirdest and most Im? pressive of the many unwonted mem? ories that the traveler carries away with him from travel in the east is the recollection of the camel caravans which he has encountered at night Out of the black darkness is heard the distant boom of a heavy bell. Mourn? fully and with perfect regularity of iteration it sounds, gradually swelling nearer and louder aud perhaps min? gling with the tones of smaller bells signaling the rear guard of the same caravan. The big bell is the Insignia and alarm of the leading camel alone. But, nearer and louder as the sound becomes, not another sound and not a visible object appears to accompany it. Suddenly and without the slight? est warning there looms out of the darkness, like the apparition of a phantom ship, the form of the captain of the caravan, ills spongy tread sounds softly on the smooth sand, and like a groat string of linked ghouls the silent procession stalks by and is swal? lowed up in the night?"Persia and the Persian Question." CASTOR IA For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always bought Bears the /^Jr y^aJ ?ignature of CSut/Wf/CttC?^ STATE PROHIBITION SATISFAC? TORY. North Carolina Executive Committee Of League so Declares at Raleigh. Raleigh, X. C, Nov. 15.?At a meeting of the executive committee of the North Carolina Anti-Saloon League this evening, Clarence H. Poe declined re-election as chairman on account of the pressure of other business, and a committee consisting of Rev. J. O. Atkinson, Elon College, Josephus Daniels and Mr. Poe were appointed to nominate his successor later. Resolutions were adopted declaring that prohibition in North Carolina has justified the confidence of the people of the StaP? in its adoption; that citizens are anxious only for a thorough enforcement of the law and rest from further agitation, that, therefore, it is the sense of the exe? cutive committee :hat the need of the State is simply to keep intact the policy of State prohibition with the proper enforcement by officials and that if the rights of municipalities to regulate the near Deer evil is not in? terfered with by adverse decisions of the courts, no further legislation or political agitation of the temperance question should be necessary, the policy being simply to hold and en? force the present State law and retain for municipalities the right to regu? late the near beer problem. The com" mitteemen report advices from ail parts of the State indicating a grati? fying condition of temperance senti? ment and a greater success for the prohbition movement than ever its friends had anticipated. Death at Pinewood. Pinewood, Nov. 16.?Mrs. A. P. Ra^.an died Saturday. about 11 o'clock, after several weeks' illness. She was a member of the Methodist church, and lived a quiet home life, which was devoted almost exclusively to her husband and children, by whom she will be very much missed. Mrs. Ragan Is survived by lier hua bard and the following children: Mrs. C. C. Chapman, Misses Abbie and Nora Ragan, and Able, Preston and Marshall Ragan. The remains of Mrs. Ragan were interred at Calvary church yesterday. Doll Bazaar. The local chapter D. A. R. are making many preparations for their doll bazaar and oyster supper to be held on the afternoon and evening of November 30th. While there will be other attractions in the way of a fish pond, candy booth, etc., the main features will be the beautiful display of dolls and the tempting manner in which oysters will be served. KNOW IT WELL. Fandliar Features Well Known to Hundreds of Sumter Citizens. A familiar burden in every home. The burden of a "bad back." A lame, a weak or an aching back Tells you of kidney ills. Doan's Kidney Pills will cure you. Here is Sumter testimony to prove it: C. H. James, 17 Dingle, St., Sum? ter, S. C, says: "I can recommend Doan's Kidney Pills as I have used them with great benefit. I had kid rhey trouble for some time. The kid? ney secretions were highly colored, confined a seoiment and I could not retain them. I suffered from back? aches and sharp pains in my loins, could not rest well and in the morn? ing my back was so lame and sore that I could hardly dress myself. If I straightened quickly, sharp, dart? ing pains shot through my back. A friend finally told me about Doan's Kidney Pills and I procured a box at China's drug s*;ore. They helped me in every way and I have not had any backache since, the kidney secretions are clear and I feel better than I have in months. I consider Doan's Kid? ney Pills to be an excellent remedy." For sale by all dealers. Price 60 cenu. Foste:*-Milburn Co., Buffalo, New York, cole agents for the United States. Remember the name?Doan's?and take no other. No. 6. Said the OldMai?to The Bey " i'fio (Vdy Watch that has given perma? nent satisfaction to YOUR father, to MY father, YOU and ME, is THE HOWARD Hit Watch De Luxe.M *V}\y not be able to say the same to Your GrandeoA* ?-< U.? Tell You About HOWARDS We A. Thompson, Jeweler and Optician. Phone 333. 6 S. Main St