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i f o?laitbmaii an? Southron
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1909. Tho Sumter Watchman was found ad in 1850 and the True Southron In 1164. The Watchman and Southron mow haa the oomblned circulation and Influence of both of the old papers, end Is manifestly the best advertising ?sodium in Sumter. OCH PIANO CONTKST. For th purpose of advertising and stimulating interest in our two news? papers?the Semi-Weekly Watchman and Southron and The Sumter Dally Item?we have decided to conduct a voting contest and give away as prlass a $400 Piano and two Gold Watches. The Piano la a standard make?the Cote, and la guaranteed for ten years, This piano la now on display at the Savoy Ice Cream Par? lor, where It may be seen and tested. Several competent Judges who have tasted it say it Is a very fine Instru? ment with a beautiful tone. The two gold watchea will be selected from the stock of local Jewelers and the winners may select any gold watch sold for 160 by the Jewelers from whom wa decide to make the pur? chase. Full partu-ular.? of the contest and the conditions governing It are to be found la the large advertisement on another page. Thai $500 voting contest Is the greatest subscription contest ever undertaken In Sumter county and we fool confident that our readera and the public generally will evince a lively Interest In the outcome. It la a oonteet In which the readera of the Watchman and Southron should be particularly Interested for the rea? son that subscribers of that paper, who pay by the year, will obtain a largo voting privilege with each pay? ment on subscription account, while subscribers of the Daily Item, ninety per cent, of whom pay by the week, ?will not receive voting ballots for weekly payments. Read the cond!" tions and see how it Is not only pos? sible but probable that a subscriber to the Watchman and Southron will win the grand prise?the $400 Piano. But to make sure that there will be a prise for both town and country can? didates in this contest we are offer? ing the two Gold Watches as second prises?-one to go to a realdent of this city and the other to a non-real" ?dtnL These valuable prises are to be jrfven away on February llth, and atba wlnnora will be the ones who en? ter th* contest *?arly and go In uith. M determination to win. Charleston Is to have an eight story "sky scraper"' on Hroad street. Charleston Is always conservative, and the moderate altitude of Its sky soraper Is proof that it Is not being led astray by the modern craze for tho factory chimney style of architec? ture. sei If the Spartanburg .Pburnal and some few other Inconsiderate persons would quit talking about the Semt nolo and Carolina Agency graft the public would forget It and those who profited thereby would be left to en Joy In peace the profits of the great bunco swindle ? ? ? The reorganisation of the Sumter Chamber of Commerce on a business basis la advocated by many who would like to see the organization a greater .'orce In the commercial life of the elty. A reorganization In name only will do no good, and unless a plan Is devised whereby a sufficient Income can be guaranteed to employ an efficient secretary who will give his entire time .to the work of the organisation no better reaulta can be hoped for. President Manning, who haa given a great deal of his lime to tho Chamt>er of Commerce, has ac? complished as much as any other man could, but a busy business man eannot be expected to neglect his ?wn affairs in order that he may give his time to public duties. Stcretery Reardon has. also, worked faithfully for the Chamber of Commerce and has given all the time he could spare from his other duties to the public asrvlce. but results have not been all that were desired. Wt eannot ex? pect one or two men to do this work for the entire community unless they ?re properly paid for their work and we come back to the original piopo sltlon?If the Chamber of Commerce la to do the work that Is here to be done and that Is necessary, an effi? cient secretary must be employed and required to devote hlfl time ex? clusively to the work of the Cham? ber of Commerce. i m s "The State fair was quite a success, and the president. Col. MoM.y. should have the thanks of the entire cltlsens of Ilichland county."?Sum ter Item. It neems to us that he might have the thanks of the "en? tire" cltlsens of South Carolina. We thought It was a State fair."- The State. The State should think again The paragraph credited to the Sumter Item was not printed In the Item. Farmers' Union News ?AND Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers (Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Furniere' Union of Sunitcr County.) The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features. The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers* Union and Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns. Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern? ment Bulletins as I think, will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori? ginal articles by any of o. r readers tolling of their successes or failures will be appreciated and | ublished. Trusting this Department will be of mutifkl benefit to all concerned, THE EDITOR. All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs. Mayesville, S. C. Sollte Random Thoughts. The clipping about the presenta? tion to Editor Poe of the Patterson cup In recognition of the merit of his little book, "A Southerner in Eu? rope," is reproduced that our readers may know something of the man who Is making the Progressive Farmer, the leading Southern farm paper. It consists of 14 letters that he wrote his paper while on a trip last year. ? ? ? i I tried to secure him to address the Sumter Farmers Union in July, but his health would not permit. Have his promise to be with us at some future time, and If he Is as good a speaker as writer we have a treat In store for some suitable date next year, when we have crops grow? ing and leisure to properly entertain him. ? i * The County Union will meet in Court House on Friday, Dec. 3rd 3t 10 o'clock a. m. Being the annual meeting for the election of officers, the last meeting at Salem decided that for once It would be best to meet in Sumter, where there could be no excuse for failure to attend. I trust to have one or two live union workers from other counties to meet with us on that occasion and address the public before the business meet? ing, hence the hour of meeting is fix? ed at 10 o'clock. Director* and Stockholders i'i ou: busings inter prise ?huuld beul m ? mind that this 1? the tlmil HMtsttnH before beginning business, and uo" ern thcOBeelves uec.>rdIngly. E. W, D. '?A SOUTHERNER IN EUROPE" AWARDED THE TROPHY CUP. European Travel Letters of Editor Poe Win Patterson Cup us the Most Notable Literary Production of the Year by Any North Carolina Writ? er. Headers of the Progressive Farmer n all our territory will be interested 'n the recognition given week before ast to the book of European travel SttCVS by the Editor-in-Chief. The ? llowing statement is from the Fay dteville Index: "A Chatham County farmer boy. ClaroiMt H. Poe, was the man who >n last Thursday at the annual meet? ing of the North Carolina Liters "y and Historical Association in Raleigh WCS awarded the Patterson Cup for having written the production of greatest excellence and highest lit? erary skill and genius of the year.' Standing up before an audience com? posed of North Carolina's historians, poets, college professors and leading journalists, he had conferred upon him the Highest honors of the chief literary authority In the State. The and, a's this Is not the first time The State has credited to the Item edi? torial paragraphs from other papers, we take this occasion to refer I.) it. The Item has sins enough of its own without being saddled with the misdemeanors of others. see Preliminary estimates that are be? ing made for the purpose of ascer? taining how much money will be re ouired to pay the necesary expenses of Sumter county next year indicate that the tax levy next year for State, county and school purposes will be ?omewhere between 18 and 20 mills. City taxes will be considerably hlgh ?r next year that thev have been in i er ent years. CCS Through oversight or neglect no provision has been made in the sup? ply bill for Sumter county for several years to levy CJld collect a tax to provide i sinking fund for the re? demption of the court house bonds < $30 000) at maturity. If steps are not taken to accumulate a sinking fund for the court hous?> bonds by annual assessment, the county will e serious problem when the rids faM due. This matter has been Reflected too long already. silver trophy was presented by Hon. James Bryce, British Ambassador to the United States and one of Ens land's most eminent statesmen. He spoke of his own knowledge of Mr. Poe and declared that no onevbrings to the association 'a finer literary sense and zeal.' The production that won for Mr. Poe the trophy was his book entitle^ 'A Southerner In Eu? rope,' the second edition of which is now being rapidly sold. The cup Is known as the 'William Houston Pat? terson Memorial Cup,' and was offer? ed by Mrs. Lindsay Patterson, of Wlnston-Salem, to be awarded at each meeting of the Association for I ten successive years, beginning with October, 1905. In years past It has been won by such men as Capt. S. A? Ashe, historian; Dr. Edwin Mlms, professor In Trinity College; Dr. Kemp P. Battle, ex-presldent of the State TTniverslty, and the late John Charles McNeill, poet and journalist. "The judges of award were: Presi? dent of the Literary and Historical Association of North Carolina, the occupants of the Chairs of English Literature at the University of North Carolina, at Davidson College, at Wake Forest College, and at the State \ College of A. and M. at Raleigh, and l of the Chairs of History at the Uni Iverslty of North Carolina and at Trin" ity College." NATION ltOHHKI) HE SAYS. Former Secretary Shaw Buys Customs Frauds Cost Million. Philadelphia Xov 15.?Direct from one woo his held the position of Secretary of the Treasury and who, therefore, Is in a position to know whereof he speaks?Leslie M. Shaw, who Wag 19 the first Roosevelt cal>: nel?came the declaration today thar the gross fraud against the Govern? ment In the weighing of dutiable su? gar Is but one Instance of a general practice. It was explicitly stated by Mr. Shaw that on nearly every commodity in every port, including Philadelphia, there is undervalution and under weighing which defraud the Govern? ment of million of dollars annually. Mr. Shaw said he had heard the amount of this loss estimated at as high as $100,000,000 per annum, though he believed this to be an ex? aggeration. However, he said, though an estimate of the extent of the fraud Is impossible that It is great is certain. "It is impossible," said Mr. Shaw, "to estimate the loss of the Govern? ment that results from underwelgh Ing arid undervaluation. I have heard It stated that the government loses $100.000,000 a year In this way. But let me say that these practices are not confined to New York. They are relatively just as bad In Philadel? phia and worse In Boston. It Is bad now, and always will be. It is like any other tax system; make taxdodg ing a capital offense and still people will evade taxes. "There Is a very marked difference between evidence that will satisfy the individual that frauds are being per? petrated and proofs upon which a conviction can be secured. I was con? vinced early in the game that not only sugar, but nearly everything else on which a duty by weight was lev led, was being underwelghed, and that many things upon which ad valorem duties were levied were being under? valued. I put a new man to work, and, though we didn't discover fraud, we likely did prevent it. There were, however, many cases in which we did proceed though we did not get the necessary evidence in the sugar cases. Mr. Shaw was led to speak of Spe? cial Ag;Mit Parr, who unearthed the sugar frauds. "I remember," he said, "that 1 ap? pointed Mr. Parr on Mr. Loeb'i rec? ommendation, The department sent him to a port where, it had been said, foods were being smuggled. The agentl concealed themselves and watched a bargeload of wool brought In at midnight, which was never en ti red at the custom house. Then the friends of the importers circulated all sorts of stories calculated to discredit that told by the agents, and, fTiough there was a prosecution, there was no conviction. Yet that was the most glaring case of smuggling of which we had knowledge while I was in the department. "Parr is now making the mistake of thinking that because he wasn't originally assigned to the sugar cases there was a disposition to favor the sugar cases, but they were not given to him. If he had been assigned to sugar and not to wool, and had sub? sequently found that wool was being smuggled, he might think that the delay was designed to favor the wool men." Mr. Shaw spoke of the difficulties In the way of obtaining convictiors against offenders. "It is seldom," he said, "that a gov? ernment employe is crooked, but they are in an atmosphere that is un? friendly to the strict enforcement of the law."?Baltimore Sun. OUR PICTURESQUE LANGUAGE. Enrichment of American Tongue Re? flect* National Temperament. The recent bill passed by the legis? lature of the State of New York to prevent "joy riding" marked a step in the enrichment of the American tongue. Curiously enough, it is not to the cultivated and scholarly, the thoughtful and the reflined that vthe vitality of our speech is due. The wealth of the language, as our ma? terial prosperity, comes from below, declares a writer in Scribner's Maga? zine. As people acquire education the tendency of speech is toward formal | ity, recognized observances, phrases and expressions that have been sanctioned and established. It is the lower, busy, uneducated world that seeks the short cut and uses the most convenient word-toll at hand. It is from this direction comes the quick introduction 1. o current speech of figures taken from industrial prog? ress, the inventions, the arts, the world of affairs, or whatever catches the public attention. For example, the electric cars were scarcely run? ning when "off his trolley" was so neatly descriptive of a certain mental state that it was put Into immediate commission. "Get on to his curves" sprang directly from the rooters and holders down of the bleaching boards on the baseball field, who thus brief? ly denominated those incursions into higher mathematics which baseball pitchers discoverd, to the confusion of botsroen pnd professors. To add another, it was only a few days ago that our recent attorney general an? nounced his preference for 'govern? ment by megaphone.' By their slang you shall know them. This enrichment of the Amer? ican tongue reflects the national tem? perament. It Is gay, humorous, pos? sibly reckless, but certainly pictur? esque, and often approaches the higher realms of poetry and philoso? phy. If it Is none of these It docs not survive the state In which it was born. "Joy riding',* denoting the happy insouciance with which the chauffer in his hours of ease gives pleasure to hi3 friends by means of his employer's motor car, and now to be legally honored, is one of those expressions. Its buoyancy, as indeed that of the greater part of our slang, may be contrasted with the crude "beastly" and the unmeaning "bally," those two overworked adjectives of our English cousins. Tribute to whom tribute Is due. Divorces While You Wait. Margaret Illlngton, wife up to Fri? day of Daniel Frohman, is now the wife of Mr. Bowes of Washingtonton. And Daniel, the first husband, Is not dead. Margaret got a divorce from him on Friday, married Bowes on Saturday, and Is far away from the State of Nevada, In which she claim? ed citizenship long enough to get bade her maiden name. Miss Illlngton was an actress of promise. She became the wife of Frohman, who "starred"' her in the "Thief." Tiring of the drudgery of that nerve-racking play, Miss Illlng? ton journeyed from New York to Ne? vada, made application for a divorce, got It and is now another man's wife, made so by a civil Judge. The whole transaction shows how rotting to moral sentiment Is a stage career and how Infamous Is a State? such as Nevada?that lends itself to a scheme to permit polyandria or po? lygamy under the form of law. Margaret Illlngton never set foot In Nevada until a few months ago. She hired a furnished house there, de? clared an Intention of becoming a citizen. On the day she became a le? gal citizen she got her divorce, and Nevada will know her no more for? ever?unless she tires of husband No. 2 and returns for another severance of matrimonial bonds. Several years ago the women of America organised and directed a crusade against polygamy among the Mormons, ami they won that tight. There is similar work for them to do in organizing divorce granting and for uniform mariage laws. ? Mephls Apreal. * V ? ? ? m m m m m * m m m m m Nomination Ballot. I hereby nominate M Addreee.. .. My Name is M. Adtitf ss, This nomination haliot, when properly filled out. will count for 1,000 votes. Only one ballot will be credited to a candidate. Under no cireuinstances will the name of anyone making u nomination be divulged. ? ? ? ? ? m ? * m m m m m m m m m m m m IVMHlIMIRMMlllHliMEBIIIIIll The Ballot. TWENTY-FIVE VOTES KOK SI 5 ? ? M. ? Addreee. ? ? SJ Subje* t to rules of The Osteen Publishing Co.'s Contcnst. Void }p| after December Ifc x District ? ? m m * m n ? n m NECESSITY OF VACCINATION State Health Officer Williams Will Enforce the State Law ITIsJdlj State Health Officer, Dr. C. F. Wil? liams specially urges vaccination in all parts of the State at this time. It is pr.'ticularly important, he says, that everybody should fortify him eelf against danger, as the winter is setting in, and smallpox is a winter disease. There are thirty cases at Ninety Nine Islands, and one case in New berry. All of the schools and colleges 1 throjghout the State have been or dercd to have the scholars and teach ere vaccinated in accordance with the , laws of South Carolina. City Health Officer E. I. Reardon received yesterday one thousand tubes of fresh pure glycerlnized var cine virus from the National Vacc.n. and Antitoxin Institute, of Washi ton, D. C. He is now prepared to f nish vaccine virus to all city phy i cians, free, as the State board of health furnishes the health officer with this virus for free distribution. Any country schools desiring vac? cine virus will be supplied with same upon application to Dr. C. F. Wil? liams, State health officer, at Colum? bia. The application should,* how? ever, be made through the practicing physician of the rural neighborhood, or through the nearest local health j officer, the understanding being that j all unused virus is to be returned to j the State health officer. Rural school superintendents, trus? tees, teachers, and parents and guar? dians of school children are held equally as responsible for the vacci? nation of the children under their care as those in the incorporated Cities and towns. While there is no desire to frighten people, but merely with a view of im? pressing upon every one the impor? tance of being successfully vaccinated and revaccinated every six years, it is stated that smallpox Is much more virulent, and deadly now than it was in 1898 to 1907, seven out of ten eases resulting in death in a recent outbreak in this State. The only way to ascertain whether previous vaccinations are protecting you against smallpox is by revacci nation at least every six years. The work of vaccination among the nearly 1,800 scholars of the city schools, white and colored, will be? gin next week and will continue un? til every pupil is known to be suc? cessfully vaccinated. The import? ance of rural schools enforcing this Chesterfield. The price to be paid for the cotton, so the plaintiffs allege, was 10 cents for middling, and that at the expiration of the contract the price, was 14 1-2 cents per pound and lhat the difference in the price to? taled $6,146.86 on the 300 bales call? ed for in the contract less the amount delivered for which amount the suit is brought. The outcome of the case will be watched with mach interest by farmers generally. It is known that some farmers lost by making contracts before the season opened as the price of cotton took a pheno? menal rise from the start and the high price was not foreseen. The complaint of Sprunt & Son is in part as follows: "That on the 17th day of May, 1909, defendant executed its contract in writing with the plaintiff, whereby it sold and undertook and agreed to deliver to the plaintiffs between the 1'ith day of September, lb-. 9 and the SlSt of October, 190?, 300 ables of middling cotton Lo 'weigh five hun derd pounds each, fj per cent more or less, for which plaintiffs* were to pay the defendant the price of ten cents per pound for "middling and 1-8 difference for grades aoove, American classification." "That the defendant has failed and refused to comply with its contract and has delivered thereon only the amount of five thousand, three hun? dred and sixty-eight pounds of mid? dling cotton, leaving a balance of one hundred and four thousand, six hundred and thirty-two pounds un? delivered, and plaintiffs having con? tracted and sold the said cotton to their customers were compelled, in order to replace the cotton so with? held by the defendant to go upon the open market after having first de? manded that defendant deliver the cotton, and buy said cotton at the price it was bringing at the close of ?said contract, which price was four een and one-fourth 14 1-4) cents per aound at Cheraw, S. C. where the same was to be delivered; causing the plaintiffs by their breach of contract a loss of six thousand, one hundred and forty-six and 86-100 ($6,146.86) dollars, which sum has been duly de? manded of the delendant. and it has refused to pay the same. "Wherefore plaintiffs demand judgment against the defendant for $6.146.86."?News and Courier, Nov. 13. The Seaboard Air Line Florida fast mail was derailed two miles south of Denmark Wednesday morn? ing. The negro fireman was killed law is stressed by the State, and city I nnd Engineer Petit slightly injured. health officers, as vaccination to be ? successful, as a means of preventing | -poor old Philadelphia turns back epidemics of smallpox should be ' to the fleshpots," says the Providence widespread. j journal. Since when did Philadel Lumber mills, factories, and mills phf* turn way from them.?Washlng of all kind should see that their em- ( ton Herald, ployees, and their families are all - vaccinated, according to law as the State health officer is going to en? force this rule rigidly. SI IT ON COTTON CONTRACT. Case Is Of Interest to Farmers (ion orally. A case growing out of an alleged contract to deliver cotton, the con? tract, so the plaintiffs claim, having been made last May, the allegation being that it was not completely car? ried out. has been filed In the United I Stars Circuit Court by the cotton firm of Alexander Sprunt & Son against Hurst-Streator Company, of FOR SALE?600 acres, near State burg, 10 miles west from Sumter, about 400 acres cleared; 12 settle? ments; good water, healthy; well rented; price $25 an acre. Address A. M. L., Pox 326, Charleston. S. C. ll-ll-4t-ltw FOR SALE?Three nice gilts left, one pure bred Pershire and two with trace of Poland China. Two or three cows will be fresh in milk la? ter. Severe] undressed sleep skins at a dollar eaeh; about that value in wool on them. After washing, fine for botom of buggy or bedside. Coat skins 50c. E. W. Dabbs, Mayes vllle, S. C, Nov. 4th.