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BELL ABSORBS W. I). I.
BILLION DOLLAR CORPORATION TO BE FORMED. Th? Bell Telephone Company Has obtained Control of the Western Union Telegraph Company and a Monopoly of Telephone and Tele graph Burtlne** la In Sight. Boston. Mass.. Nov. 16.?A long stride toward the complete control by on? corporation of till wire communi? cation In the United States was taken today In the acquisition by the Amer? ican Telephone and Telegraph Com? pany of the control of the Western Union Telegraph company. In order to make the absorption complete, the Incorporation of a new 11.000.000.000 company. It is expect? ed, will be secured to Include the lift.476.400 of bonds and stocks of the American Telephone company, known as the Bell Company, and the outstanding $165.000.000 of bonds and stocks of the Western Union. The acquisition of the necessary slock and voting rights of the West? ern Union by the Bell company has been In progress for about six months. The work has been conducted quietly end only a sufficient amount to in? sure control, said to be (4 per cent, was taken over. The officers of the Bell company regard the step es one of economy solely. They point out that ever since the telephone has been a fac? tor In human life. It has had to com? pete with the telegraph. Lines have been paralled and there has been an Immense amount of duplication. The officers of the telephone campany believe that the merger will save the Bell company $76.000,000 in new construction while it will also enable th utilisation of the same time of wires for both telegraphing and tele? phoning. New York, Nov. 16.?Announced in Boston, confirmed In New York and commented on with Interest every? where, another billion dollar merger beams a reality in the financial world today with the practical absorption of the Western Union Telegraph com? pany by the American Telephone, and Telegraph company. The Western Union, one of the developments of the late Jay Qould, has been in the Oould family for a generation and it was by the sale of Oould stock today that the merger was ac? complished. While the report has been current that the^ Mackay companies, Controll? ing the Postal Telegraph company, will ultimately be Included in the plan of reorganisation, no confirma? tion of this could be obtained in New York. Officers of the Postal were emphatic in their statement that the company would remain on an inde? pendent basis. WILL NOT PAY INTEREST? Rumored That Dispensary Claimants Will Only Get Principal. Columbia. Nov. 16.?On the eve of the scheduled final settltment of dis? pensary claim? it is rumored, with no official confirmation, that interest will not be Included in the amounts paid the whiskey firms. It Is understood that at least two of those in charge of the winding up of the affairs of the dispensary were in favor of paying the Interest to the claimants. With the scallngs. as hinted at to 4>e very great, it Is expected that a number of the firms will appeal. Chairman Murray, of the dispen? sary wlndlng-up commission, stated this morning that there had been no change In plans for the meeting of the commission tomorrow morning as scheduled, and that he presumed all members would be here. It was stat? ed last week that the commission would complete its work at tomor? row's session. There is about $600.000 on hand, end In the banks of the State, and the claims will probably represent about half, or probably a little over this amount, after scallngs. It is stated that there have been general scallngs. I\I1M> FANCIER PAYS FINE. Secretary .laine?. Henry Rice Obtain* m Signal Victory for the Aiidubon Society. Charleston. Nov. 16.?Dr. M. T. deck ley of Augusta, a well known fender In birds' egg-<, paid a fine Of $100 tmbiv lc Magistrate W. D. Hamilton <?f Mount Pleasant and to Secretary James IP nry ltlee, Jr.. of the AtggCibCg BOCl '\. Ibf violating th ? 8tut?? law against removing non-game birds' . k'S from Hlrdhank Islanl. Bull s It.iv. Li t June W H \\ int. the whit.- man who killed the wife of Df. Q, C. Blghnm. Wss tuken to th. p. nltentlary Satur? day morning to begin his term of three and a half years. Dr. Hlgham Who was convicted and sentenced to serve the same term as Avant. Is still at large and his whereabout are not known, although It Is reported that he Is in Oreenvllle oounty. TA FT'S IlECOMMEXDAl IONS. A I\>reca?t of the Important Features of Ills Annual Mct*?agc. Washington, Nov. 16.?That the coming session of congrtss, and In fact the remaining days of the ad? ministration, will be strenuous in fact as well as by Inheritance Is evident from the program which the presi? dent outlined in his many speeches during his encircling tour. From the gist of his public utterances, it may be Inferred that his message to con? gress will urge legislation in some if not all the following subjects: The establishment of a national bank of Issue controlling the treas? ury reserve, the object of which will be to prevent currency stringency. The creation of a postal savings bank system restricting its application to trade monopolies, not to railroad combinations. Temporary suspension of tho agi? tation of the tariff question. The adopton of an income tax amendment to the constitulon, to be resorted to however, only in time of war or national stress. The subsidation of the merchant marine with the ulterior object of the education of a large number of American seamen to be available for national defense. Federal legislation governing the issuance of injunctions and to pro? hibit the boycott. Further conservation of national resources, including forests, mines and waterways. Inttrnal waterways improvements, Improving the navigation of only such streams as can be made navigable and contemplating an internal canal system roughly parallel with the At? lantic coast line. A congressional committee to con? sider the subject of the dilatory and slovenly practice in the courts and to devise a plan for secur ng more prompt and economical Justice in the federal courts, with the expectation that the initiative by congress may be followed in the State legislatures to the end that the disgraceful non administration of justice in this coun" try may be reformed. It will be readily seen hat this legislative and administrative pro? gram is an ambitious one, but that it Is urgently necessary, every well Informed American knows. It is, however, becoming more end more difficult to carry out administrative reforms. The congress of tie United States has grown to be a heavy and unwleldly body. Antagonisms and internecine wars discomfit legislation on the floors of both the l ouse and the senate. There is less antagonism between the Republican and Demo? cratic parties on the floors of con? gress than there has been in perhaps forty years, but there is antagonism in the Republican majorities of both houses, while the personal hatreds of some senators, frequently senators from the same States, is said to be exceedingly bitter. The members of the cabinet are now busy in the preparation of their several reports to congres and it has been emphasized that an endeavor will be made to cut down expenses. Tu? postmaster general has said that he Intends to make his department self-supporting. There Is every rea? son why it ought to and might be self-sustaining. The poetofflce de? partment is the greatest public car? rier In the world. It is presumably a monopoly but the express companies rob it of the cream of tha carrying profit and they are the chief opposers of the parcels post system?a system long established In other civilized and even seml-civillzed countries. Since Senator Root now holds the place In the senate long occupied by Senator Platt, the president and attorney for the express companies, it Is to be hoped that something may be done for all the people of the United States, In spite of the entrenchments of these outrageous trusts. The postoffice department employs tens of thousands of common carriers in city and rural delivery and these public carriers, wRhout a dollar of Increase In public eypense should bring to hundreds of thousands of homes, packages that are now de livered by the express companies, or in many cases not delivered at all because they cannot be reached by the express companies. The Secretary of the Navy has also visions <>f an economical programme and proposes to urge the disestablish? ment of a number of useless navy yards In New Hampshire and Maim. at Charleston and on the Gulf Coast. He will be Opposed Ohlefly by Sena? tors Hah-. Mcllctiiy, Flint and per a |pg Tlllman. The navy yards in their States are worse than Useless, rhey are a source of great expense to the QOVCrillllCnt The battleships >t' the United States Navy cannot en? ter them; they have depth only for the sd mission of the obsolete wooden war craft, but they are useful to OCT taiu senator- and members of Con? grtss, Inasmuch us they afford places and salaries for their political hench? men. How can these Senators and Congressmen whoso political exist? ence depends upon them be persuad? ed to give them up? THE CONSULTATION. What Her Sister Heard When 8He Listened to the Doctors. One of two sisters who lived togeth er was suddenly taken with n lung at? tack she feared was serious, says the \ London Telegraph. She therefore sent tor a specialist and asked her doctor to m?et him. Talking over his coming with her sister, she said: "Mona, I wish I could know Sir Henry B.'s real opinion. Neither he nor Dr. M. will tell us If there is anything really wrong, but I would much rather know." Her sister replied: "Do not worry, dearest. You shall know everything, for T will go down to the dining room and stand behind the big oak screen and listen to every word they say." "And will you he sure to tell rae. Mona?" "You may rely on me, dearest. I will tell you every word." "Even if 1 am not to get well?" "Even then, dearest." promised the loyal Mona. The hour for the consultation arriv? ed, and the sister went to the dining room and, standing behind the great oak screen, ensconced herself and pre? pared to listen. Bj and by the two doctors were heard descending the stairs, and a mo? ment later they came Into the room. Walking over to the fireplace, the spe? cif'1st sank Into nn easy chair and the local doctor sank into another. Then followed a moment's silence, broken by the specialist, who leaned a little for ward. "My dear M.," he said slowly as he looked across at his colleague, "of all the ugly women that's the very ugliest woman I've ever seen In my life." "Is she?" replied the local doctor "You wait until you've seen her sis ter." MAMMOTH MINERS. The Experts Who Prospeot and Dig For Prehistoric Creatures. Mammoth miners are experts who know where to prospect for mam? moths and how to dig them out, even as the mining engineer knows where to prospect for silver and how to ex? tract it. In the west, In Alaska and in Sibe? ria mammoth miners are always at work. They are always unearthing creatures that died 100,000 years ago. Siberia was the mammoth's true home. Siberia 100,000 years ago was oue luxuriant forest Here the fur covered beasts, with their ten foot trunks and their fifteen foot stature, swarmed. Then an earthquake re? moved a barrier range between Si? beria and the Arctic ocean, and those low lying forests were inundated. All their animal and vegetable life was killed. The first of the drowned Siberian mammoths was found in 1709 by au Eskimo villager on the banks of the Lena. It was imbedded in a vast cake of ice. The villagers melted the Ice, they feasted on the 100,000-year-old flesh, and then tbey sold the tusks. Only the bones remained when Zlo tover of the Petersburg Imperial mu sejm reached that outlandish village Sftef a Journey of 7,500 miles. He took the bones back to the museum. Where you may see them mounted to? day. He bought the rusks from the ivory traders and fixed them on the skeleton, and the book he wrote about bis find is still a text book among the mammoth miners of our day. Baked Men. Workers in porcelain factories art literally baked, but by some miracle ol use and wont they remain sufficient!) underdone to live. At least If they are not quite baked they endure a stronger heat than that which browns the Sun day sirloin. The furnaces wherein porcelain Is finished are kept at the fiercest beat used in any Industry. A chain of workmen, their heads and bodies swathed in fireproof garments, take the finished pieces from the fire one at a time and pass them to the cooling room. The man at the head of this chain?he who stands nearest the furnace?can work in only five minute shifts. In his interims of rest he lies on a mattress drinking glass after glass of ice water from the hands of a small boy. At lunchtlme all about the chain of men steaks grill.?Cincin? nati Enquirer. Lapland Reindeers. In April the Lapp lets his reindeer loose to wander as they please, and when the mosquitoes begin to abound, about midsummer, he collects his herd simply by catching one deer, fitting it with a bell and' trusting to instinct, which leads the animals to gather into herds for protection against the mos? quitoes, to do the rest. In a cool sum? mer, when mosquitoes are few, this Instinct does not come into play, and It is almost impossible to bring the reindeer together. The Creditor's Letter. Here is nn interesting letter received by a well known English tailor In rc ply to a "final" application for settle? ment of a long outstanding account: "1 have much pleasure In informing you that I have placed you on the list of my creditors, your number on the roll being 108. In view <?t* your name np peering so far down my list ami in COtninon fairness to my other creditors who have la-en on my books now for some considerable time, I am afraid 1 cannot hold out the slightest hope of the 'early' settlement which you ask for. I think It will bo well, therefore, if yon discontinue forwarding your frequent 'reminders.' which can do no possible good and which are a eon slant source of annoyance to me."? London Plck-Mo-Cp. Donald Cherry, a nine-year-old white boy, accidentally killed William Dnntsder, a negro boy in Orangeburg county, Sunday. THE GREEN MORAY. A Savage and Voracious Eel Found In Bermudian Waters. The experienced sea fisherman takes care to kill every large couger eel as soon as it is brought Into the boat. The conger has not only extraordinary Jaw power?It can triturate shellfish, shells and nil-but is also so abominably nn tive that the fisherman's opinion 01 it coincides with that held of the Indian by the western plainsman, "No good conger except dead conger." Ugly and savage brute as the conger Is, it is a lamb compared with its rela? tive, the green moray of Bermudian waters. This great eel is of an un? naturally brilliant green and has an eye which is the very epitome of In? tense and malignant ferocity. It is voracious and savage beyond words. The negro boatmen have such a holy horror of it that they absolutely re? fuse to allow a moray into the boat. An acquaintance of the writer, a ma? rine officer, fishing in a small boat off Bermuda, hooked one of these fish, but as soon as his boatman saw the hid? eous head above the water he whipped out his knife and made to cut the line. The officer shouted to him to stop, but had to threaten to throw the man overboard before he would put up his knife. When the great eel was pulled over the side the negro went absolute? ly ashy with fright As for the moray. no sooner was it in the boat than it doubled upon itself, and Its jaws met with a clash In its own side, cutting out a chunk of white flesh as neatly as a scoop would cu^ cheese. That was enough for the officer. He picked op a boathook and forked the uncanny creature overboard?Chambers* Jour? nal. A MANUFACTURED CLIMATE. Methods of the Paris Market Garden? ers In Forcing Nature. The gardeners of Paris get their products on the market weeks before the regular season for them. This forcing of nature is described by Er? nest Poole in Success Magazine. The secret is simply this: The French maraichers have manufactured a cli? mate to suit them. As one observer has said, "They have moved the cli? mate of Monte Carlo up to the suburbs of Paris." Some new prodigy of modern sci? ence, this? Not at all. Only enor? mous expense in money and in time. The gardens, whenever possible, are placed on land with a slope to the south and are well protected by walls on the north and east, walls built to reflect light as well as to give protec? tion from the northeast winds. The ground is practically covered with glass, not as in a greenhouse, but by glass frames in the open, "three light" frames of uniform size, 12 by 4% feet, and also by glass bells. These, too, are of a uniform size, about the shape of a chapel bell, a little less than seventeen inches in diameter and from fourteen to fifteen Inches high. The French call them cloches. You may often i>ee over a thousand frames and over 10,000 glass bells in one two acre plot Id the suburbs of Paris. A more recent innovation is the em? ployment of hot water pipes run under the soil, making of the earth a verita? ble steam heated hotel, with this es? sential difference, that the hotel keep? er here Is desperately eager, not to keep his guests, but to persuade them to leave on the earliest possible day. Specific Directions. The message was transmi4 to the "cub" telegrapher. As writt . it read: "Foundation under freight house needs attention at once." As delivered to the general foreman the dispatch contained a rather star? tling bit of Information. It read: "Found a lion under freight house. Needs attention at once." To which he replied briefly: "Feed the lion and notify the live stock agent." Bad Luck. "Mother," said five-year-old Jack, "how muca older than you Is father." "Just thirteen years," replied the un? suspecting parent. "Well, mother," seriously continued the child, "the next time you marry, don't marry a man thirteen years older than you. Don't you know it Is bad hick?"?Delineator. A Doubtful Outlook. A woman in evident distress was standing at her door. "What's the matter, Mrs. Brown?" inquired a neighbor. "Oh, I don't know what to do!" was the reply. "Bill's away at the foot? ball match." "Well, what about that?" said the other. "Ah," responded Mrs. Brown, **you don't know Bill! When his side wins he gets on the loose, and when they lose he comes homo and whacks me. They've played a draw today, and I'm sure I don't know what he'll do this time!"?London Express. A Rude Youth. "How do you account for this, ma'am?" And he held aloft a lump of coal which ho had Just dug out from the sirloin steak. The landlady slightly flushed. "I suppose the poor cows sometimes stray along tho railroad track," she said. "But you must admit the steak Is tender." He thumped the coal with his knife. "Yes," he said harshly, "locomotiv tender." And tho menl progressed In silence. ?Cleveland Plain Dealer. Frederick Wurde will deliver hie famous lecture, "The Women o Shukespe ire," on the evening of tli 24th of November. JUDGING A CIGAR. The Only Reel V/ay to Find Its Quality Is to Smoke It. On no point is the average smoker so ill informed as that of judging a cigar. Nine times out of ten, upon being handed a cigar, he will hold it to his nose, unlighted, sniff at the wrapper with n critical air and deliver his ver? dict In a self satisfied manner. This characteristic maneuver is always a source of amusement to any tobacco man who happens to observe it. There is only one way to ascertain the qual? ity of a cigar, and that is to smoke it No expert will pass judgment on a cigar until he has lighted it and smoked it well down toward the mid? dle. The first and most important point upon which he bases his opinion is the "burn." Tobacco may have ev? ery other virtue, but if it does not hold the fire and burn evenly it is poor to? bacco. Next In order of importance comes the aroma?the smoke must have a pleasing "smell;" next comes the flavor?the smoke must be smooth and not "scratchy" or bitter. Then there is the color?rich brown, indicat? ing a ripe leaf, well cured?and last Is workmanship?good if the wrapper is put on smoothly and the "bunch" Is made so that the cigar "draws" freely and is neither too hard nor too spongy, bad if the reverse.?Bohemian Maga? zine. ROMANCE OF HISTORY. These Things Resd Like Legends, but Are Mstters of Fact. A peasant girl called half witted did promise to defeat the victors of Agin court and did it; it ought to be a legend, but It happens to be a fact A poet and a poetess did fall in love and eloped secretly to a sunny clime; It Is obviously a three volume novel, but It happened. Nelson did die in the act of winning the one battle that could change the world; it Is a gross? ly Improbable coincidence, but It is too late to alter it now. Napoleon did wtsj the battle of Austerlltz; it Is unnatu? ral, but It is not my fault. When the general who had surrendered a repub? lican town returned, saying easily, "I have done everything," Robespierre did ask, with an air of Inquiry, "Are you dead?" When Robespierre coughed In his cold harangue Garnier did say, "The blood of Danton chokes you." Strafford did say of his own de? sertion of parliament, "If I do it may my life and death be set on a hill for all men to wonder at." Disraeli did say, "The time will, come when you shall hear me." The heroic Is a fact, even when it Is a fact of coincidence or of miracle, and a fact is a thing which can be ad? mitted without being explalned.?G. K. Chesterton In London News. No Drums In the Middle Ages. As we come to the middle ages, when the nations of modern Europe were struggling into existence, we fled that at first the drum was not used at all. So, although melody had been known and practiced for many cen? turies, rhythm had been quite forgot? ten, for what there is left to us of the music of the middle ages contains no bars, nnd we know that it was slowly and monotonously chanted, without the least accent. In the eleventh century, however, things began to improve, more partic? ularly as the crusaders brought Into Europe all sorts of percussion instru? ments from the east. Various kinds of drums, tambourines and cymbals were then seen in Europe for the first time since the days of savages, and they have been tised. with very little change, ever since.?St. Nicholas. An Epistolary Hint. In the letter from Boston was a special delivery stamp. "What did she send that for?" the woman wondered. "The information she wants can be sent In an ordinary letter. It won't need to be sent spe? cial." "That stamp," said the man, "is a delicate hint to be quick about answer? ing. It Is a hurry up device used by many men. It Is very effective. A two cent stamp does not always spur one on *o any special effort, but a spe? cial delivery stamp means that the writer wants what he wants when he wants it, and the most dilatory cor? respondent alive Is not going to let any grass grow between the scratches of his pen when answering."?New Ycrk Press. Just Goes Out. "Mother, when the fire goes out where does it go?" asked a child ol her parent. "I don't know, dear," replied the mother. "You might just as well ask me where your father goes when he goes out!" Useless Luxury. A sick peasant motions feebly to his wife to approach his bedside and whis? pers painfully, "I think, my dear, I could fancy a little broth." "My dear, what do you want of broth? Hasn't the doctor Just given you up?" Dolly Madison. Mrs. Dolly Madison, the wife of the third president, is described by Gris wold in this way: "Dolly Payne, born in North Caro? lina, has been educated according to the strictest rules of the Quakers In Philadelphia, where at an early age she married a young lawyer of this sect named Todd; but becoming a wid? ow, she threw off drab silks and plain laces and for severs! years was oue of the gayest and most fascinating wo? men of the city. She had many lovers, but she gave the preference to Mr. If ad icon and became his wife In 1794." A good crop of wild oats will grow where weeds wouldn't even sprout. Tin: CINCINNATI EMBEZZLER. Warriner Implicates Mr*. Jeannette Stewart Ford?Police Put Both in Jail. Cincinnati. Nov. 16.?Charles Lr Wuniner, formerly local treasurer of the Big Four railroad, is in jail to niKht, while Mrs. Jeannette Stewart Ford, also ip in prison on a charge of receiving $1,000 of the $643.000 which Warriner is accused of era bMSltng from the railroad. The warrant against Mrs. Ford was issued tonight on appjication of Pros? ecutor Hunt, who was closeted almost all day with Warriner. The former railroad officer informed the prosecu? tor it Is said, that he had given part of the money abstracted from the railroad to Mrs. Ford and that the last payment was made on October 1* \ "arriner appeared in the after? noon at the criminal court and plead? ed not guilty to the indictment re? turned yesterday charging him with enbezzlement and grand larceny. His bond was fixed at $20,000. The four men who had come to his assistance when he was first arrested did not renew their pledge and War? riner was taken to jail. A dramatic sequel to the sensa? tional turn in tne case was enacted later tonight when half a score of constables and deputies went to the handsomely furnished apartments of Mrs. Stewart-Ford and placed her under arrest. She was indignant, but. after protesting, was removed to the court house and subsequently placed in jail in default of ball. SIX KILLED BY CAVE-IN. Laborers on the Southbound Railroad Buried by Landsilde. Winston-Salem, N. C, Nov. 14.?Six workmen were killel and a number of others barely escaped death when four thousand cubic feet of earth caved in and entombed a construc? tion force engaged in building a con? crete viaduct at Salem Crtek, south of tins place, on the Southbound Rail? road, at 10 o'clock this morning. TWO REFINERIES PLANNED. Charleston to Be Distributing Point For S.^ar. Charleston, Nov. 15.?The publica? tion of the proposed establishment of a sugar refinery in Charleston was the first which has been made but it Is expected that in a few days the formal and authorized announcement of the enterprise will be made known. Instead of one refinery, plans are making for two plants of the kind, and according to the information at hand, progress has been made ard It is only a matter of a few days when at least one of the enterprises will take life with the formal application for a charter for the organization of the company in which considerable local capital is to be invested. The matter of establishing a sugar plant In Charleston was started by parties independent of the so-called "trust,"' but recently a representative of the American Sugar Refining Com? pany was in Charleston, following correspondence with parties here, and now instead of there being only ont plant, there is a likelihood of two plants being constructed and operat? ed. The close proximity of Charleston to the West Indies and the other ad? vantages of the port have especially commended Charleston to the sugar manufacturing Interests and seeming? ly insured the success of the venture. It is prepared to bring the raw sugar Into Charleston from the West Indies and refine it here. It is understood that the sugar people have figurtd out that Charleston commands particu? larly favorable advantages, not only for the refining of the product but for Its distribution through this section of the country. The success of the enterprise seems to be assured. PROCURED AND DE TEN DC D.8*nd model, dmvviiur <?!?photo.for ?*i> "t ?earrh and free report. I Frvc aTvitv. how to obtain patents, trade marks.] copyright*, etc., , N ALL COUNTRIES. /tmsimfSM tSreci vith Washington saxes time%\ mom v nndofUn the patent. Patent and Infringement Practice Exclusively. Write ?>r BOW to us at 023 Ninth Street, opp. TJalUd 8tat? Pa Wat 0Ac?,| WASHINGTON, D. c. GASNOW 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Trade Marks Designs Copyrights Ac. Anvono wending a wke ^h ?"d donrrlntlnn may onlekly aaeertnm our opinion free whether an Invention i? probably r??*"??*!?** omnmniea. UonstMrietlye'titidetiti.-i'. HANDIhKW on Patents M'nt ti?-e. OMcst airetiry for?ecurtnepatetita, Patents taken through Munn A ( o. leostfl '/>'. fat twtiee, without clmrne. In the Scientific Hmcncan. A bandconieiv lllnntrat-d weekly. *,*rcei?t elr oulat ion of any ?elentlPC loiirnal. Term*. ?3 ? Tefir- four months* $L bold byall newsdealer*. IKIDNN & Co.361Bn,,d?'New York Brauch Ofcee, 625 F PU Wasblumon, 1). C.