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?UMTfcH WATCHMAN. EetabU jfetoltdated Aug. 2.188 Sf?htthman anb 5oatbron. WnliK^iiiv and Saturday ?bt EN PUBLISHING COMPANY gUMTBR, s. c. Terms: 11.10 per annum?In advance. Ad vert ?seinen te: Square Aral Ineertlon.11.00 atvery aubeequent Ineertlon.BO Contracts for three months, or will be made at reduced rates, communications which sub private Interests will be charged as advertisements. Obituaries and tributes of respects be charged for. SON TRUSTEES TO MEET. Is Not Stated, But It Is Sup That PreoioViit Will be Elect. Clemeon College. Nov. 29.?Chair Allan Johnstons has called the of trustees to meet Thursday, mber 2. The call does not state purpose of the meeting, but It U it that a president and a direc? tor the agricultural department I he elected. WsflKavKY HOUSES HIT HARD. Holding Up Appeals Affects Wei Countic*. Sht counties wet??20 that have been dry during various periods of time?one which has had prohibition fox 40 odd years and IS lately added 10 the prohibition column with the probability that several of the dis? pensary counties may be forced dry by accused and allied whiskey houses rofaatng to ship their goods Into the Che whiskey situation In all prob Alepeneary auditor not the, claims of a number This matter was referred to py. Ansel, who ordered the dlepen J? hoards In the six counties re tain 'r the dispensaries to hold up the claims. Just how much was held up by the order Is not known, but the amount is estimated at aoout $20,000' The total amount held up In the dry counties was about $62,000. The following are the firms named In the resolution passed by the com? mission: Thomas F. McNulty, John T. Barbae dt Co.; The Jack Cranston Company; s. Qrabfelder A Co.; Bar? rett A Co.; William Lanahan A 8ons; Mallard Distilling Company; Meyer Pitts A Co.; Strauss. Prltz St Co.; Blumenthal A Btckert; Cook A Bern helmer Company, and Frlendnam, KeMer A Co The nest awards to be made by the boards In several of the counties re? taining the dispensaries will be about the first of January. It Is aald that the attorneys for the above named Arms, In several In? stances have notified their houses not to ship any more whiskey Into South Carolina. It Is also being talked that the hold lng-up of the claims by the commis? sion of the whiskey firms doing busi? ness with the county dispensaries will have the effect of causing other whis? key housee to "shy" at trade with the dispensaries In this State. Should the whiskey houses refine to fill orders contracted for, the dis? pensaries In several of the wet c um ties would very probably have to close, thus leaving the State practi? cally prohibition for a time at least. ?The State. CO.MEs IM>\\\ ON THE HANKS. Comptroller of the Currency Hay* N'atkmal Hank* Must In? More ?'ar?-fui In the Future. Washington. Nov. 30.?All of the 2.500 national banks In the United States, which now hold board meet Ins at Irregular and Infrequent In? tervals, must have monthly meetings of their boards of directors, must ap? point examining and discount com? mittees, and all the loans and dis? counts of each bank must he ap? proved by the directors' board at the monthly meeting, auch approval to be recorded In permanent form. This was the pronunclamento of Compt? roller of the Currency Mug-ay today. In order to round out his general pte\a for the directors to control the bankg under thel iupervlnton, the Co?n|?troBer ha? asked all of the banks to acttcnd and forward to the comptroller's office copies or their by-lawt as amended. I shed April, 1850. 'He Just ai 1. SUM THE TELEPHONE TRUST. IN DKI'MXDANT WIRE COMPA? NIES TO MAKE NATIONAL FIGHT. Will Appeal to President Tuft, and Courts to be Invoked in Campaign Against Billion Dollar Merger. New York. Nov. 29.?Declaring that President Taft and the highest courts In the land will be Invoked to ?~heck the monopoly of. communica? tion that is threatened by the billion dollar-combine, recently announced by the Bell telephone trust, repre? sentatives of the^ independent tele? phone interest through the conutry are planning in this city today a na? tional fight for the principle of open competition. With $400.000,000 of the savings of the people of almost every locality Invested In the Inde? pendent telephone plants that the new wire trust Is determined to rule or ruin, leaders in this movement as? sert, the interests of the public de? mand that the government take im? mediate action against the giant mer? ger. At a convention of the Inde? pendent Telephone Association that has been called in Chicago for De? cember 7, representative of the 12, 000 "companies, that with 4,000,0000 subscribers are today competing with the telephone trust, will make a for? mal protest to Washington against the restraint of trade that they be? lieve will be effected by the absorp? tion of every telegraph interest ly the Bell system. To the attorney general of every one of the many States In which tht y assert Wall street money is now beirg used to Illegally force a Bell mono? poly, the Independent telephone forces are today proposed to appeal for protection. Bults to prevent the acquisition by the telephone trust >f important systems built by the pe> petltlon will be fought to the Isst ditch. Unless the new wire trust is it once prevented from carrying out Its schemes to Illegally absorb all com? petitors throughout the continent, the independent telephone men prophesy, the people of the country will soon ')e forced Into the power of a monopoly greater and more arbltarary than that of either the oil, beef or sugar truut. As a possible rival to the billion dollar communication trust In the telegraph and long distance telephone fields. Independent forces are today preparing to build a trunk wire sys? tem that will reach from the Atlan? tic seaboard to the Missouri river lor the benefit of the people who use the telephone exchanges they have built Independently at home, as well as for general telegraph business. Unlike the Bell system, this enterprise will seek not to kill competition but to foster and Increase It, it is declared. Already $50,000,000 have been sub? scribed towards this plan for pre? senting the proposed monopoly of the wire trust. That the cost of both telephone and telegraph service will be increas? ed if the new wire trust obtains a monopoly is proved already by the past history of its promoters, the n dependent teelphone men declare. Exorbitant rates and elthet poor sir vlce or none at all were offered by the Bell combine In all the years of Its former monopoly through patent rights, It Is pointed out. As these con? ditions brought about the birth of he Independent telephone movement, they must resume on the Instant of Its death, It Is urged. "We feel that we owe a moral as well as a business obligation to be army of Americans throughout :he country who have placed $400,0( 0, 000 of their earning* In the home telephone plants, built to rid them of the Bell monopoly," said E. II. Moul ton, president of the Independent Telephone Association, in this city to da>. "We shall exert ourselves In ;v ery possible way to show the govern? ment that It, too, has an obligation to protect these Investors as well as the 20,000,000 consumers In In le pendent telephone systems. We shall not stop our fight for the right of competition, even with all the Wall street capital of this new billion dol? lar trust arrayed against us; but Will push It to the highest courts and ad? ministrative authority." The site for the postofTice in Un on has at last been selected after a bit? ter local controversy. A cotton mill to cost $250,000 nlll be built at LowndesvlUe. H. W. Kir by and James P. Gossett are back of e enterprise. id Fear not?Let aJl the ends Thou Ah rER. S. 0., SAT U RE LORDS DEFY COMMONS. HOUSE OP LORDS TAKES BUDGET TO PEOPLE. After Six Days' Debate Upper Cham? ber ('rentes Situation Unprecedent? ed in 300 Years by Opposing Will Of House. London, Nov. 30.?-In the sedate, detached manner characteristic of proceedings in the gilded chamber, and In direct disregard of the advice of some of its ablest and oldest mem? bers, such as LordS Rosebery, Lord Morley, Lord James of Hereford, Lord Cromer, Lord Balfour of Bur lelgh, the Earl of Lytton. Lord Court? ney and the Archbishops of Canter? bury and York, the house of lords today created a situation unpreced? ented in English history, at least In 300 years, by refusing formal assent to the budget bill and referring it to the country Itself for judgment, thereby in theory, making it illegal to collect taxes to carry on the king's government. After six days* debate, notable for the high standard of the oratory, as well as for the able and convincing arguments arrayed On both sides for and against the budget, and placing in every possible light the aspects of the great constitutional questions in? volved, the house of lords cleared for division at half past 11 o'clock to? night. The scene was impressive, but in no sense exciting. None would have supposed that the event pro? ceeding was destined not only to prove memorable in the annals in British history, but possibly also In? volving far reaching changes in the British constitution. There certanly was unusual ani? mation in the public galleries, which were crowded with peeresses, mem? bers of the house of commons, am? bassadors and others, but in the house itself complete calm prevail jiTh* vote wajTpft Lor4 Landea $^;.t**^ house to the bill until it had been submit? ted to the judgment of the country. When the vote was announced just before midnight at 350 to 75 In favor of the amendment, a few mixed cheers were heard. The Earl of Crewe immediately moved an ad? journment, and the house rose. An eager and expectant crowd were awaiting the result in the central hall, and when the figures of the vote became known there was a slight at? tempt at counterdemonstrations. The officials, however, speedily cleared the hall. When division was taken there was practically no excitement in the streets althought earlier in evening considerable crowds gathered in the vicinity of the house and attempted a pro-budget demonstration. A large force of police was in readiness, and as^soon as the crowd showed a ten? dency to become unmanageable, the officers dispersed the demonstrators, being assisted in this task by a heavy rainfall. The day's debate was again dis? tinguished by oratorical excellence, particularly the speeches of Lord Curzon of Kedleston, former viceroy of India, and the Archbishop of York, both of which were of exceptional brilliance. The archbishop strongly oppose Lord Lansdowne's resolution, declar? ing that it would be unprecedented for the lords to reject a finance bill passed by the house of commons, with such a majority. Lord Curzon was palnly suffering from his recent Indlspostlon, but in spite of physical weakness, he spoke with all his accustomed vigor and art, He maintained that the lords had an absolute light to reject the finance bill. Earl Caw dor, former first lord of the admiralty, who wound up the de? bate for the opposition, maintained that there had been an attempt to evade the lord's ancient right to reject such tax by placing all taxes on one bill. It was Idle to pretend, he said, that such a change of procedure by the house of commons could affect one lota the responsibilities and du? ties of the second chamber. FLORENCE TO HAVE R. R. Y. M. O. A. Offcast Lino to Erect Several Buildings For Tills Purpose. Florence, Nov. 30.?Florence is t> have n Young Men's Christian Asso? ciation building, and It is to be erect? ed by tho Atlantic Coast Line Railway Company. Such is the authentic and official news received here today by the Coast Line's district attorney, P. Alston Wlllcox. mt? iis't at be thy Country's, Thy God's ai ?AY. DECEMBER 4. PtfCHOT IS DEFIANT. HHROWS DOWN OATJNTLKT TO HIS CHIEF. BALLINGER. Chief of Forestry Service Again De? clares Himself in Regard to Con? servation. Washington, Dec. 1.?Glfford Pin chot, chief of the United States forest service, has again thrown the gaunt? let to Secretary of the Interior, Bal linger in the issue between himself and the latter, in regard to the con? servation policy. He declares that congress will have to decide at its forthcoming session, whether the great coal fields of the country shall continue to remain In the hands of the people or to be gob? bled up by monopolies, and whether the great water power sites shall be given away to special Interests or be controlled by the people. Mr. Plnchot makes known his views upon these two chief sources of the power of the present and fu? ture, in a letter to Dr. Lyman Abbott, of New York, In response to a series of questions asked by the latter on "the national conservation policy," which was made public today. Referring to the development of water power and coal, the govern? ment forester declared that in most cases, actual development of the for? mer can best be done by private in? terests acting under public control, but that "it Is neither good sense nor good morals to let these valuable privileges pass from the public own? ership for nothing and forever." In answer to Dr. Abbott's question, "what Is the danger to the conserva? tion policies In the coming session of congress?" Mr. Plnchot declares that It Is "that the privileges of the few may continue to obstruct the rights of many, especially in the matter of water and power and coal." "Congress must decide at this, ses? sion." Mr. Plnchot says, "whether the great coal fields, still In public I ownership, shall remain so, In order I that thfllr Ij^^ary- not be controlled 4n tl^aWtSfsntlsssifi Injirestg otjfc few." Congress must decide also whether immensely valuable rights to the use of water power shall be given to spe? cial Interests in perpetuity and with? out compensation, instead of being held and controlled by the public." "Why is it Important to protect the water powers?" asks Dr. Abbott, and In reply Mr. Plnchot po'' is out that It Is of the first importance to pre it them from passing into private ownership as they have been doing, because the greatest source of power we know is falling water. "Undor our form of civilization," he says, "if a few men ever control all the water power they will control all Industry as well. If they succeed In controlling all Industry, they will ? necessarily control the country. Mr. Plnchot adds that he can see "no reason why we Should deliberately keep on helping to fasten the hand? cuffs of corporate control upon our? selves for all time merely because the few men who would profit by It most have heretofore had the power to compel It.' As one of the essential things that must be done to protect the water powers for the people, the granting of water powers forever, either on non-navigable or navigable stream:? must absolutely stop, according to Mr. rinchot. He declares that "It Is jttst as wrong as It Is foolish, and just as needless as it is wrong, to mortgage the welfare of our children In such a way as this." Explaining what conservation means, Mr. Plnchot declares that it stands against the waste of the nat? ural resources which cannot be re? newed, such as coal and iron; it stands for the perpetuation of the re? sources which can be renewed, and most of all, it stands for an equal op? portunity for every American citizen to get his fair share of benefit from these resources, both now and for? ever." In discussing "what has conserva? tion to do with the welfare of the av? erage man today," It is pointed out that It "propones to secure a contin uance and abundant supply of the necessaries of life, which means rea? sonable cost and business stability. It advocates fairness in the distribution of the benefits which flow from the natural resources." Fire Near Darlington. Darlington, Dec. 1.?Late last night L, S. Welling'! barn and stables, about six miles, from Darlington, with their contents, Including 4,000 bushels of corn and several tons of cotton seed, were destroyed by fire. The loss is $10,000, with insurance of $2,000. The origin of the fire is unknown. id Truth's." THE TRU 1909._Sew Sp YEAR OH THE FMM8. SECRETARY WILSONS REPORT SHOWS GAIN OVER 1908. Most Prosperous Year?Agricultural Product* for 1<>()9 Represent Total Of $8.700.000.000?Corn Crop Heads the List. Washington, Nov. 30.?Most pros? perous of all years Is the place to which 1909 is entitled in agriculture, declares the secretary of agriculture in his 13th annual report, made pub? lic today. The value of farm prod? ucts is so incomprehensibly large that It has become merely a row of figures. For this year it is $8,760, 000,000, a gain of $869,000,000 over 1908. The value of the products has nearly doubled in ten years. The re? port says:. "Eleven years of agricul? ture, beginning with a production of $4,417,000,000 and ending with $8, 760,000,000! A sum of $70,000,000, 000 for the period! It has paid off mortgages, it has established banks, It has made better homes, it has helped to make the. farmer a citizen of the world, and it has provided him with means for improving his soil and making it more productive." The most striking fact In the world's agriculture 1; he value of the corn crop for 1009, which is about $1,720,000,000. It nearly equals the value of the clothing and personal adornments of 76,000,000 people, according to the census of 1900. The gold and p'lver coin and bullion of the United States are not of greater value. It has grown up from the soil and out of the air In 120 days?$15,000,00) a day for one crop, nearly enough for two dread naughts daily for peace or war. This trop exceeds in value the aevrage of the crops of the five preceding years by 36 per cent. Cotton is now the second crop in value, and this year'ti cotton crop is easily the most valuable one to the farmer that has been produced. With cotton lint selling an 13.7 cents on the farm November I and with cot? tonseed selling for abaut $25 per ton, the lint and seed of this crop are worth about $850,000,000 to the far? mer. No cotton crop since 1873 has been sold by farmer* for as high a price per pound as this one. Third in value is wheat, worth about $750,000,000 at the farm, and this largely exceeds all previous values. The November farm price was almost an even dollar a bushel, a price which has not been equaled since 1881. This is the third wheat crop in point of size, with 725,000,000 bushels. The hay crop is valued at $655, 000.000; oats at $400,000,000; pota? toes at $212,000,000; and tobacco at nearly $100,000,000. Beef and cane sugar and molasses and sirup, farm and factory, will reach the total of about $95,000,000. The barley crop is worth $88,000,000, flaxseed $36, 000,0000, and 1,000,000,000 pounds of rice $25,000,000. The production of all cereals com? bined is 4.711,000.000 bushels, an amount considerably greater than that for any other year except 19 06. It exceeds the average of the preced? ing five years by 6.5 per cent. The value of all cereals in 1909 has never been equaled in a previous year. It is almost exactly $3,000,000,000. or 34 per cent, above the Ave year av? erage. Compared with the average of the previous five years, all principal crops are greater In quantity this year except cotton, flaxyeed, hops, and cane sugar; but without excep? tion every crop is worth more to the farmer than the five-year average. This is the year of highest produc? tion for potatoes, tobacco, beet Sugar, all sugar, and rice; next to the high? est production for corn, oats and all cereals. Compared with 1908, gains In value are found all along the line, the exceptions being barley, buck? wheat, rye and milk. The increase for cotton, lint and seed, Is $20S.000, 000; wheat. $107,000,000; corn, $105, 000.000; hay, $29,000.000; oats. $22, 000,000; tobacco, $18,000,000; pota? toes. $i r, ooo, ooo. The increase in the value of farm products this year over 1908. $869. 000,000, i; enough to buy a new equipment Of farm machinery for over 6.000,000 farms. The value of the cereal crops to the farmer would pay for all Of the machinery, tools, and Implements of the entire manu? facturing industry. The value of all crops $6,700,000,000 would make a half payment on the value of all steam railroads, according to the val? uation Of 1904. Secretary Wilson concludes his re? view of the production of 1909 as fol? lows: "The agricultural production of 1909 must add muph to the pros? perity of farmers. The record Is un - 0x> ?>Yol. XXX. So. 211. UPHEAVAL IhJAVY. SECRETARY plans sweeping CHANGES in system. New Scheme In Resigned (o Give More Power and Influence to Those Men Who Actually Fight the Ships. Washington, Nov. 29.?Heeding the cry for reform in naval affairs, Secreatry Meyer day after to-mor? row will inaugurate the most sweep? ing changes in the navy department since the establishment of the bureau system In 1842. The secretary hopes to put the department on a business basis beyond the dreams of predeces? sors. The keynote of his reform is the subordination of the bureau chief of the past. Summarized, the essential changes in the Meyer plan are: The selection of four responsible advisers on subjects within the four grounds into which duties of the de? partment fall, to be known as the aide for material .the aide for personnel, the aide for operations o? the fleet, and the aide for inspection. The grouping of the bureau Into two divisions of material and person? nel according to the nature of their duties. The establishment of a division of operations of the fleet. The establishment of a modern and efficient cost-keeping system in the navy department and at navy yards. The separation of navy yard work into two divisions of hulls and ma? chinery. The abolishment of the board of cons .ruction. Fighters to the Fore. Henceforth the officers who fight the ships are to have more influence in the navy department. Chosen men from among them are to be the official eyes and ears of the secretary, laden with full responsi? bility for their reports?but not his hands. The secreatry will retain his administrative and executive power for his own exercise and that of the assistant secretary of the navy. All the reforms go Into effect December 1, exeepf * the abollafcenei%e- xtt\#m~ bureau equipment, which congress alone can do. The aide for operations of the fleet will be Rear Admiral Richard Wain wright. commander of the third divt- ? sion of the Atlantic fleet. The aide of personnel will be Rear Admiral W. P. Potter, now chief of the bureau of navigation. The aide of material will be Rear Admiral William Swift, commander of the Boston navy yard. The aide for inspection will be Capt. Aaron Ward, recently supervi? sor of New York harbor, who will be? come a rear admiral on January 9. Capt. Reginald F. Nicholson, a member of the board of inspection and survey, will be made chief of the bureau of navigation, vice Potter. Plea of Gompers Granted. Washington. D. C. Nov. 20.?The Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia today granted the petition of Samuel Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank Morrison, of the Ameri? can Federation of Labor ,in the con? tempt case against them, for a stay of execution of the mandate of the Court sending them to jail. The man? date is stayed indefinitely, pending appeal to the United States Supreme Court. John S. Hill, a well-known citizen of Greenville, Is dead at his home at the ag of 66 yars I . II. , .Mil II ?? ? II - rxamplcd In wealth production and tells of abundance in quantity/. Year by year the farmer is better and bet? ter prepared to provide the capital and make the expenditures needed to Improve his agriculture and to ed UCate his children for farm life and work." Of great popular interest are the results of b unique investigation con? ducted by the department, which shows that in 50 cities the total retail coat Charged to consumers for beef above the wholesale cost paid by the retallen averaged 38 pe- cent. The lower the grade of beef, the greater was the percentage of gross profit. In the upward movement of beef prices the farmer, the report says, has not shared equally with the packer, retailer and wholesaler, but as to hogs, the case is dtfferent, the farmer receiving nearly his fair share of the higher prices of pork in the increased price of his unfed hogs. Secretary Wilson notes a great for ward movement in enforcing the food and drug act, the willingness of manufacturers to comply with the laws and to cooperate with the de? partment, making the work largely educational. % 'j?