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CM6RESS IN SESSION.
?kv ait: AMi hoi sk hold brief session. Ko BuiUnena Wa* Transacted and the Benwfton Wm a Mere Form?Very Few Member* Were A beent and They Spent the Day In Exchanging Greeting* and Attending to Per* tonal Business. Washington. Dec. 6.?The two housee of congress convened today for the fire regular session of the ?bcty-nrnt congress, but the day s pro? ceedings were In great part of a so? cial nature and practically no busi? ness waa transacted. Brief as was the senate's IS min? ute session, it was enlivened by an unsuccessful attempt on the part of Senator Bailey to prevent the passing of the usual resolution that the sen? gte meet daily at noon, suggesting that the senate convene Instead at 3 o'clock. Mr. Bailey said he would like to gee the senate h'old night sessions In order that senators might devote the day to Individual business. No objec? tion was offered when a similar res? olution was Introduced In the house A Joint committee was named by both house* to wait upon the presi? dent and to Inform him that congress was In session and ready for any busi? ness he might wish to lay before It The president's response will consti? tute his annual message, the reading of which w ll consume practically all of tomorrow's sessions of the two houses. The house session continued 40 minutes, during which W. W. Mc Creedle the new representative from the Second Washington district, who succeeds the late Francis W. Cuah? men, was sworn In. The greater part of the session was taken up by the roll-call. AI though only 341 mem? bers respondod to their names, al? most a full membership appeared on the floor of the house and there were few among them that did not have one or more bills to offer. ATTEMPT AT RAPE FAILS. Negro Lodged n Ktajptrce Jail Ac? cused of Heinous Offence. Klngstree, Deo. 6.?A daatardly bat unsuccessful, attempt to commit sane "-..j, made In this county today, ?ear Bethel Church, about a half mile from the Clarendon County line. A little girl about 13 years old. was en her way to school'a little before ? o'clock, when she waa approached by a negro youth about 18 or II years of age. Without warning, the negro seised her and dragged her In? to the woods near at hand, the girl screaming and fighting. Young Mr. Burgess, who lives in the neighbor? hood and was on the road In his bug? gy, heard the screams and hastened to the scene. As he approached he saw the little girl on the ground la the clutch of the negro, whom he recognised and who broke and ran Into the woods. Mr. Burgess gave his Immediate attention to the poor child, who had her clothes almost stripped from her person and was In a hysterical condition. si'anwhtle the alarm was spread In the community and a vigorous search Instituted. The news came to Klngstree, and a party was organised and started up the road to join In the hunt. Before this party reached the sceae of the attempt, Trial Jus? tice MrErveen came up with the ne? gro In the woods and soon had him tied securely. Mr. McElveen, with the help of some flve or six of his neighbors there brought the negro quickly and safely to Klngstree and lodged him In Jail about 3 o'clock. Hot* the crowd which was every hour growing bigger, gotten possession of the negro, It Is doubtful If he would ! have gotten to Jail. Now that he Is lodged In Jail no violence Is appre? hended. Mr. Burgess who went to the child's assistance, was In time to prevent the scoundrel from accom? plishing his purpose. The negro gives his name as John Wood* and has worked at various times In Klngstree. Great credit Is due to Mr. McElveen and his posse 'or their cool headed work and good Judg? ment In bringing their prisoner safe? ly to Jail. HI HEM RF.lt HIT ISSl'FD. More Than Two Million Rale* I.e*s Than Ginned last Year. Washington, D. C. Dec. 3.?Bureau report Issued today shows cotton gin? ned to Dec. 1st, 1909, 8,878.277 bales. Ginned last year to same date, 11, ?01. Mt Ginned to same date. 1907, 8,343. 398 bales. Ginned after Dec. 1st, last year 2. ?11.000. Ginned after Dec. 1st, 1907, 2,715, ?00. The statesman out In Missouri who nominates Roosevelt for third term need have no fear of new party. If Roosevelt Is renomln ated the Democrats will heat him. 0t. Louis Republican. KALLEY'S COMET SEEN. ________ i Scientists Calculate That the Great Meteor Will Come Within 14,000, 000 of the Earth. Halley's comet, which has caused much discussion recently in the scientific world, after an absence of about 75 years, was observed last night in this city by Dr. John *R. Hooper and other members of the astronomical section of the Academy of Science, through the large tele? scope recently installed at the aca? demy. Dr. Hooper said the comet could be plainly seen through the instru? ment on the roof of the building. Ince the moon was not shining and there was no mist. "It is now passing through the cluster of stars," said Dr. Hooper, called the Hyades, the bright red star Aldebaran being the principal one. It Is In the constellation Tau? rus and when I first observed it it was in right ascension 4 hours, 25 minutes and 30 seconds, and at north declination 15 degrees, 54 minutes. It was moving slowly southward and one degree west wardly. The comet is now 220,000, 000 miles from the sun and 135,000, 000 from the earth. Its appearance through the telescope is a round nebulous body, with bright central condensation that looks like a blur? red star." Dr. Hooper said that theoretically, according to the calculations of scientists, the comet cannot be seen through an Instrument the size of the one at the Academy of Science, which has a 9.6 aperture. "The comet tonight," he added, "is much brighter than could have been predicted. It is moving at the rate of 1,250,000 miles a day to- j ward the sun and Is dally becoming brighter. The comet was first observed by Dr. Hooper at 7.40 o'clock.and after he was sure he had made such an in? teresting discovery he called In sev? eral other members of the astrono? mical section, who agreed that it was the comet so much sought for. Dr. Hooper has been watching for the comet every favorable night, but the recent condition of the moon prevented the observation of any faint objects in the heavens. Last night the conditions were ideal for observation. Dr. Hooper was greatly elated ov? er his discovery, as he says It proves to the people that the members of the academy are not asleep, but keenly alive to what is going on in the scientific world. Dr. Hooper said that after he "picked up" the comet again In a six-Inch glass it appeared bright enough, he said, to be distinguished without any doubt. It showed brighter up and In a clearer sky. This was about 10.30 o'clock. The comet has not been observed in the East since November 15. when it was reported to have been seen at Belolt College, New Hamp? shire. It was first seen September 17 through a 15-lnch instrument it the Harvard Observatory. About a month later It was seen at North field, Minn., through a 16-inch in? strument. As far as l# known this Is the first time that the comet has been ob? served through a 9.6-lnch Instru? ment which gives the members of the academy additional grounds for congratulations. This instrument was acquired by the academy last winter from Mr. George R. Vickers. the well-known capitalist and stu? dent of science, whose observatory at Mont Alto was famous. It Is an immense telescope, which looks much like a great cannon pointing to the skies. The comet was observed by Dr. Halley more than 200 years ago. Dr. Halley predicted that it would re? turn again. It was first observed in September, since which time astro? nomers have been carefully observ? ing Its position in the sky and cal? culating its path in order to find out Just how near It will come to the earth and when it will pass closest to the sun. It Is calculated that early In May the comet will come comparatively close to the earth about 14,000.000 miles?and that It will present a magnificent spectacle In the sky. It will appear, accord? ing to scientific men, as a brilliant object with a long, flowing tall, pos? sibly 10 degress In length, as long as 10 full moons, and will stretch the distance from horlzen to the zenith. It Is computed that the comet will cross the face of the sun and that the earth will pass through the tail of the comet. This comet, as is well known, goes about the sun as one of the foci of its motion In the path of an ellipse for the same rea? son that the earth Journeys once In a year In Its orbit, being compelled to do so by the attraction of gravi? ty.? Baltimore Sun. Colonel Roosevelt Is too remote from the public stage to be entang? led In tho New York custom house scandals In which so many of his ad? herents are Involved.?Philadelphia Record. REPORT ON HIGH SCHOOLS. PROFESSOR HAND REVIEWS THE SITUATION. The High School Law Is Declared to Have Had a Very Beneficial Effect on Educational Work in South Carolina. Columbia. Dec. 7.?W. H. Hand, high school Inspector, has submitted his third annual report to the high school board. The report is issued as Bulletin No. 13 of the University". It Is pointed out In the report that the benefits of the high schools have been more immediate and far reach? ing than was expected. In summariz? ing the results It is shown that the high school law has Increased the number of high schools, the number of high school teachers, the salaries of high school teachers and the num? ber of high school pupils. It has been the means of establishing high schools where there were none before and of increasing the efficiency of those al? ready established. It has been the means of increasing local school levies In a large number of districts and of levying taxes where none were levied before. Other results as shown are that during the past three years nearly $700,000 has been invested in school buildings, completed and in the course of erection, ranging In cost from $2,000 to 40,000. Many of these were built to accommodate high schools, and owe their existence to some measure of the high school U w. In numerous districts the school t-rm has been lengthened from one to two months in order to meet the requirements for high school aid. In fully two-thirds of the State aided high schools the teaching force In the common school department has been increased to meet the re? quirements of the State high school board, especially is this true In the rural high schools. Inspection of Schools. The inspection and classification of the high schools have already done much toward the defining of a high school and differentiating between a high school in name and a high school in fact. .... Continuing the report says: "The popular mind is beginning to distin? guish between the work of the gram? mar school and the work of the high school on the one hand and be? tween that of the high school and that of the college on the other hand. Ultimately the accurate classifica? tion of high schools will automatical? ly classify, the higher institutions fed by the high schools?a consumma? tion devoutly to be wished. "In reference to reports on high schools It is stated that the first at? tempt at a report of the high schools of the State was made In January, 1907, two months before the passage of the high school law. To secure data for this was a very arduous and uncertain task. Mr. Hand was forc? ed to trust largely to data gathered by reports from the schools doing more or less high school work. Lat? er Investigations showed glaring In? accuracies In the data, and it may be admitted at once that the Inaccura? cies, almost without exception, were on the side of a favorable showing to the schools. This wi s rather to be expected. As instances, pupils under the most liberal interpretation not belonging to the high school had been counted; schools reporting two high school teachers often gave part time of one or both to the common schoot; more than one-third the school counted the seventh grade as a part of the high school; schools with a half dozen pupils in elemen? tary Latin styled themselves as high schools; schools not doing the work of good three-year schools claimed four-year courses. However, tak? ing these reports at their face value, a marked advance can be shown." Increase in Schools. In 1906, there were in the State 95 public high schools; In 1908, under more rigid classification there were 128. In 1909 there were 154, the smallest of which has one teacher giving all his teaching time to not fewer than 15 high school pupils. The State high school board recog? nizes nothing below the eight grade or eight school year, as belonging to the high school. As to appropriations the report to the hoard lias to say that for the School year 1907-1901 the high ?ChOOl appropriation was $r?0,000; the Sate high school board aided 50 high ?Choolt, used $28,210 and returned to the State treasury $21,790. For the year 1908-1909, the appropriation was ggaln $.r>0,000; the board aided 96 high schools, used $44,295, and re? turned to the treasury $5,605. For the year 1909-1910 the appropria? tion Is $60,000; the board has ac? cepted for aid 132 schools and has apportioned $54,073. A few schools will bo given an additional appor? tionment contingent upon their exeel lence shown upon inspection later in the year. "However hackneyed the term, the high school is the people's college," says Mr. Hand In his report, "In it that large and important class of people who never reach the college are to receive their training for In? telligent: citizenship, for industrial efficiency and for social enjoyment. The high school offers boys and girls unable to go to college an incentive to go beyond the elementary school; the high school is constantly beckon? ing to the pupils of the common school; it meets the desires of the ambitious, and lends a magnetic in? fluence to the Indifferent and the discouraged. "Every community maintaining 0 good high school is making for itself an intellectual centre, and elevating the tone of every man and woman in it. Every pupil taking a high school i education Is a distinct gain to the State and to society." A, very striking statement and one of great importance to every citizen of the State is the following para? graph taken from the report: "The common schools are suffering from a lack of competent teachers. A j very simple mathematical calcula? tion will show that it would be im? possible to put college trained teach? ers in charge of all the children in the common schools. For years to come the high schools must furnish the majority of the teachers in the common schools. Hundreds of the teachers now engaged In the com? mon schools have only a common school education. This is specially true of the country schools. "The high school is the very found? ation upon which the higher institu? tions must rest. Without it the col? lege and universities could not exist and do their legitimate work. "The average community can maintain its high school on less money than it usually spends on its pupils attending higher institutions, while still doing high school work.** After discussing many other phases of the high schools, Prof. Hand con? cludes as follows: "A few people are inclined to be? come impatient with* what they re? gard as the slow process of the high school development, and even to grow pessimistic as to the outlook. Such a view should not find one to entertain It. The growth and devel? opment of the high schools are tak? ing place as rapidly as consistent with permanency. The most lasting monuments are those built at the ex? pense of time and much labor. To build a permanent system of high schools must take time. It will re? quire years to establish a syscem that will stand. Everything is en couraging; all that are needed are intelligent direction and persistent work. "Not every high school in the State has grown in efficiency as it might. A very few have made very little ap? preciable progress within the past four years. Six or eight of the State aided high schools have been to me and to the high school board sources of disappointment, but even in these there are evidences of awakening. It requires some time to arouse a com? munity which has neglected its school for ten or fifteen years, or has pgr haps never had a high class school. Your inspector believes that at no time within the history of this State has the outlook for better education? al facilities been brighter. Courage and perseverance must be our watch? word; there is no place for half heartedness. "I wish to express here my genu? ine appreciation of the support and courtesy given me by the college and school authorities throughout the State, and my sincere thanks to this board for its unfailing encouragement and confidence. "Respectfully, "William H. Hand, Inspector." MRS. TUOMEY'S EXAMPLE. Wealthier Men and Women Would Do Well to Follow It. (From ? Baltimore American.) "In the town of Sumter, in my State, there recently died a woman who set as noble an example for peo? ple of fortune as could be Imagined,'' said Mr. P. H. Dunnan, of Charles? ton, S. C. at the Rennert. "This good woman, Mrs. Tuomey, was not possessed of great means, but in her will she left a bequest of $3,000 to be held in trust by the town council, and giving that body the authority at each recurring Christmas to buy gifts for the poor Of the community. Some such enor? mously rieh man as Carnegie might do well to follow the policy of Mrs. Tuomey. Whoever gives at the time mentioned to the poor and afflicted confers ? double happiness, for It is the period when almost the entire population Is rejoicing, and it is the truest Christianity that remembers the helpless on that occasion." Governor Ansel will attend the rivers and harbors convention In Washington this week. CASTOR IA For Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always Sought Bears the Signature of PEAKY RECEIVES $50,000 FOK HIS OWN STORY. Hampton'* Maga/.lne Breaks all Re? cords for Payments to Explorers or Authors. It seems probable that many years will pass, before an author receives a higher price for his literary pro duct than Commander Robert E. Peary receives from Hampton's Mag? azine for his own story of the dis? covery of the North Pole. This feature cost Hampton's Mag? azine a clean cold $50,000. No rate per word is specified in the contract, but it is generally estimated that Commander Peary is receiving $1.18 cash for each word that he writes for Hampton's Magazine. BenJ. B. Hampton, editor of the magazine, makes this statement: "If you have a desire to estimate the rate per word that will be earned by Peary with his North Pole story, you would be safer In placing it at $2.00 per word that $1.20. We have bought only American and Canadian magazine rights, and Stokes' book rights cover only these countries. That leaves all the foreign rights to sell. When they are figured up, the totals should amount to $100,000 or even $150,000. "Peary is not a good business man. As a matter of fact, he is a poor man. I Mrs. Peary has been the business i head of the family, and the Com? mander never loses an opportunity to praise her for the mariner In which she has labored and borne the brunt of his quarter of a century of work In the Arctic. Peary and Mrs. Peary have sacrificed their material comfort to this Arctic Ideal. Every dollar they could spare from actual living expenses has been used to equip expeditions, so that, when Peary returned a few months ago, there was mighty little money in the Peary bank account. Record Breaking Lecture Offers. "The revenue from the books and magazine work could be greatly in? creased by lecturing, If Peary's friends can persuade him to go on the platform. He has had offers that would net him $1)0,000 for the first year's work, or more, If he would be willing to stick to it for several con? secutive months. He has received of? fers from many of the leading cities of the country, guaranteeing him as high as $5,000 for a single lecture. "There can be no reason (at least, so his friends assert) why he should not take advantage of the lecture op? portunities and meet the people, and let them hear Iiis story from his own Hps. "Up to the present time he has not completed any lecture arrangements, but It is believed that he may be persuaded to do so within a few weeks. The chief difficulty seems to be that this man, who has been living in the frozen North eighteen out of the last twenty-three years, has a genuine diffidence about exhibiting himself to the public. Peary is a scientist first, last and all the time. He values his scientific achievements as of more importance that the op? portunity to make money. He will do nothing that does not coincide with his rigid ideals of a scientist's dignity. For example, he has declin? ed offers from moving picture men, who want to show his Polar photo? graphs, and offers from talking con? cerns that want a few reels of talk to retail throughout the country, of? fers which amount to a tidy for? tune." Kates Paid Other Authors. Just why Commander Peary re? ceived such an exceptional rate for his story is explained by the eager competition for it on part of nearly all the important publishing houses in the world. Realizing the supreme Importance of this, the most wonder? ful and last of the eartn's hero stories, they engaged In a bidding which made figures rise mercurially. They knew, of course, that this story had not?like most of the world ro? mances?been told before. It was the most extraordinary and Interest? ing story of fact to be told for the first, and last time. It Is Interesting to compare the price paid Commander Peary with the rates enjoyed by the top-notch writers of the world. Ex-President Roosevelt received for his African hunting stories a dol? lar a word. Rudyard Kipling is sup? posed to receive the highest prices paid any author of fiction. For the English and American serial rights of "Kim" he received $25,000. Sir Ar? thur Conan Doyle hit one of the high? est marks when he received sixty cents a word for the American serial rights of his later "Sherlock Holmes" stories. This compares amusingly with the rate of $2 per thousand words?or one-fifth of a cent a word ?received for his first and generally considered best stories. High prices for literary work be? gan practically with the great success of Sir Walter Scott. The compensa? tion for his "Ufa of Bonaparte" av oraged $165 for each day of work spent upon it. Thackeray was offered $1,000 for "Henry Esmond" and he jumped mt the proposition. Both Dickens and Hugo made good money, but when Eugene Sue drew $20,000 for his "Wandering Jew"?a novel of prob? ably upward of 500,000 words?the literary world gasped. Prices have risen steadily, with the increasing success of publishers and the growth of magazines. Xo author, however, In all the history of literature has ever made so much money for each actual word in a literary product as will Commander Peary. The eagerness of publishers for Commander Peary's forthcoming story, and the exceptional price paid, mark one thing signally. This is a full appreciation of this man's work in his own age. One cannot help com? paring the great price paid for this story with the small sums for which many of the world s masterpieces were sold. Dr. Johnson, it will be remember? ed, wrote his immortal "Rasselas" to pay the funeral expenses of his grandmother. Milton sold his "Para? dise Lost" to a book seller for $25. Poe'8 "Raven" brought him the grateful sum of $15. If these books were written today would they bring as high a price as Commander Peary's story? Although the/ would unquestionably net their authors more than they did during their life? time, they would hardly bring this lecord price. For they war? works of Imagination. The work of Comman? der Peary, pure literature as it will be. Is the rarest and most exceptional of things written?the romance of ac* tual adventure written by a world hero himself. Few of the world's heroes, discov eters, explorers and fighters were able to tell their own tales. Imagine what the world would give today for the story of the long voy? age and discovery of Columbus as told by himself. What an account It would be! From a financial standpoint Co? lumbus' own story woild be invalu? able were a manuscript found today. "Set this last and greatest of stories, more teeming with adventure and hardship than that of Columbus cDuld have been?high as is the price ?is cheap. It is beyond a merely financial valuation. WHEN HER BACK ACHES. A Woman Finds AH Her Energy and Ambition Slipping Away. Sumter women knowT how the acln-s and pains that come when the kidneys fail make life a burden. Back? ache, hip pains, headaches, dizzy spells, distressing urinary troubles, all tell of sick kidneys and warn you of the stealthy approach of diabv ss, dropsy and BrlghCs disease. D .'s Kidney Pills permanently cure all these disorders. Here s proof of it in a Sumter woman's words: Mrs. Louis Jeffords, H Owen St., Sumter, S. C, says: "1 am pleased to say that Doan's Kiney Pills proved of great benefit to me. [ was a victim )f kidney complaint for over two years. My kidneys were very weak and I had great trouble in controling the secretions. My back ached all :he time and frequently I was so lame that I could scarcely dress myself. I at length read about Doan's Kidney Pills and finally procured a box at China's drug store. After using them, the backache and pains vanished, my kidneys became normal and I felt a great deal better in every way. I am Dleased to give Doan's Kidney Pills the credit for this great change." For sale by all dealers. Price 50 cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, New York, sole agents for the United States. Remember the name?Doan's ?and take no other._No. 9. Farm Loans. Loans negotiated upon improv? ed farms, payable in annual in? stallments. No Commission. Borrowers pay actual cost of per? fecting Loan. For further infor? mation apply to JOHN B. PALMER & SON. P. O. Box 282, Phone No. 1085. Office Sylvan Bldg. COLUMBIA, S. C. 12-8-2m. PATENTS procured and defe nded. ^ndraod?* WfSgorXi to. for .-Xpert search and f ree report. Free advice, how to obtain patents, trade marks, | copyrights, etc., |mj all countries. Business direct vUh Washington saves time,\ money and often the paten.'. Patent and Infringement Practice, Exclusively. Write or come to us at 523 Ninth Street, opp. United Btatot Patent Oftc*.| washington, d. c. 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents Designs Copyrights Ac. Anyone pending a sketch and description may oulckly ascertain our opinion free whether an invention is prohibit y?l??fi?iW^fK? istrlctlyconildcntin ? HANDBOOK on Patent* ttoUS tent free. Oldest agency for securing patents. Patent* taken tnrouph Munn & fjo, ISSSSfS 'pfrtal notlct, wlihout chnr?e. In the Scientific American. A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Lareest cir? culation of nnr scientific Journal. Terms. S3 a Ttwr; four Btonl Its, $L Sold by all newsdealers. MUNN & Co.?,B'?*"?- New York Brauch Office. 6? F HL, Washington, 1). C