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nn BOfTER WATCHMAN, BMaMb
Consolidated 4ng. 2,1881 Published Wednesday and Saturday ?-BY? OSTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY SUMTBR, 8. C. 11.10 per annum?in advance. Advertisements: One Square first insertion.$1.00 ?eery subsequent Insertion.50 Contracts (or three months, or tenter will be made at reduced rates. ATI communications which sub eerve private Interests will be charged far aa advertisements. Obltuarte? and tributes of reepocts aria be charged for. HOMICIDE AT WKSTVILLF. Two Men Exchanged Shots In Little Town of Kerehaw County and Two Mven Probably Will Pay Penalty. Lancaster. Dec. 15?As the result of a duel at Westvllie. this county. Inet nicht. D. W. Belle la dead and John Peach Is lying probably fatally wounded. The two men exchanged several shots. After the shooting Belk walked about 115 yards and fell near his hooee. His wife heard him and went out and found him dead. Dm. Oregg and Twltty performed a surgical operation on Peach today but they do not think there Is much hope for his recovery. Belk, who waa engaged in the sawmill business, was about 35 years old and is sur? vived by a widow and six children. Peach la about 23 years old and un? married. The cause of the ahooting la not known here. Due to Family Troubles. Camden. Dec. 16.?D. W. Belk. who was engaged In the sawmill bus ' Ineaa and farming at Westvllie. about abt mi lee south of the town of Ker? ehaw, waa ahot and killed In that town laat right ty John Peach, who waa hlmeeK seriously ahot by Belk. 1,. .4p*\ta eta ed that family troubles *W? the 4auec of" the ahooting.' PRAIRIE WILL SAIL TODAY. Wm Carry Seven Hundred Marine** lb Scene of Disturbance in Central Aroertcn. Philadelthla, Dec 15.?The United States transport Prairie, which was scheduled, te sail late this afternoon fur Colon. Is still lying at the Phila? delphia navy yard with the 700 ma? rines and all munitions of war on board. It was announced f/>nlght that the Prairie wdLld positively sail at 7 o'clock tomorrow morning. The Prairie had steam up and was ready for Bailing when orders were received delaying the departure of the veaael until tomorrow. CAROLINA ROY FIRST. Rancomb Vshcr I? Cotnpllmcnfcxl by Secretary Wilson. Washington. Dec. 14.?Diplomas o' merit today were preeented by Sec? retary Wilson In hla office at the De? partment of Agriculture to Bascomb Uaher. of South Carolina. Dewkt Lundy, of Mlsalsslppi, Elmer Hs Her. of Arkansas, and Ralph Bellwood, of Virginia, all boys under eighteen yean, for special proficiency In agri? cultural pursuits. The recipients of the awards were among 12.600 In the boya' dcinon stratlon work In the South. Bach planted one acre of corn and culti? vated it under Instructions from IV Department of Agriculture. Tbou? aanda of dollara of prises were awarded thla year throughout the South. The diploma winner from South Carolina made 152 1-2 bushels per acre; 147 busbela were made In M!* eiaetppt; 116 bushels In North Caro? lina, and 122 bushels in Virginia, The club average was about sixty bushels. All the Southern State* are making arrangements to aend pri?.e wlnnera to Washing-ton next year. In a brief address to the boy* Sec? retary Wilson declared that they and the boys engaged In like work ure "the only hope we have for the con? tinued greatness and prosperity of thla country.' He pointed ou. that the South now in agriculture and manufacturing waa prospering as never before, because the men and women of the South had put Into the work their own energy and abil? ity, and in no tiense were SC pendent upon the capital or industry of peo? ple from other parts of the country Senator Tlliinan has Introduced a resolution In th* senate provld ng for an Improvement in the depth of the Charleston harbor. thed April, 1850. 'Be Just an L SUMT i WAR Of BUNTS. FEDERATION OFFICIALS DE? CIDE TO FIGHT STEEL TRI ST. Leader** of Organized Workers of America Call on Followers for Alii In Coming Campaign Against Open Shop Policy. Plttaburg, Dec. 14.?War was for? mally declared upon the United States Steel corporation by the lead? ers of organised labor throughout the United States and Canada at the close of a momentous two days' con? ference today. The decision to bat? tle, long and hard, against the stand taken by the steel corporation in its policy of "open shop" was reached by the labor conferee only after hours of debate and a deal of trouble. At the conference which passed the remarkable battle decree, Sam? uel Gompers, president of the Amer? ican Federation of Labor, presided. The grievances of organised labor against the steel corporation, as set forth in the resolution, have been forwarded to President Taft and the United States senate and house of representatives. The governors of the States In which the steel corpor? ation owns plants or has interests will also receive a copy of the resolu? tion. The resolution in part is as fol? lows: "A crisis in the affairs of labor has arisen. The gigantic trust, tthe Uni? ted States Steel corporation is using Its great wealth and power in an ef? fort to rob the toilers of their right of American manhood and of the op? portunity to resist its further en? croachments. Grown rich by the consent of the people of our countr this corporation in its mad greec^ ior still greater riches, sweeps aside, makes and unmakes law, its enact ors and executors, and is now engag? ed In an effort to destroy the only factor?the organisations of its em? ployes?standing between It and un? limited, anchorkeA .and unbridled in? dustrial, political, social and moral carnage. If there exists any virile power in our demand and life to check the absolute domination of civil, industrial and political life of our people and our republic, it must be found in the indomitable will and mission of the misunderstood and misrepresented organizations of la? bor. "The United States Steel corpora? tion has declared war on labor. In Its secret councils this corporation has decided that the only obstacle to complete sway?organized?labor --shall be brushed aside. The labor organisations consist of Its employes, the workers (their wives and little ones), human flesh and blood. It is by their labor that they live; they have no purpose other than safe? guarding their lives, their character, their future, the safety of the repub? lic and humanity. "These factors now confront each other. By their purposes, attitude and actions must they be judged. "On June 1. 1909. the United States Steel corporation proclaimed Its decree of hostility toward labor. The right of the workers to associate for their common protection was no longer to be recognized or tolerated. As accompanying that decree was a notice of a further reduction in the already scant wages of the workers. "The decree went Into effect July 1, 1909. We therefore urge that an earnest effort be made to thoroughly organize all employes In the Iron, steel and tin plate Industry and subsi? diary co-related trades. Owing to Immediate pressing necessity caused by the present strike and the Inde? fensible hostile attitude of the United States Steel corporation, we earnest? ly call upon national and Interna? tional unions of Amerca to send at least one organizer to assist In this work. Wo further urge and recom? mend that in all places where mills are located the central labor organi? zation appoint special committees with Instrutclons to cooperate In this work. For educational purposes we recommend that this manifesto be made a special order in all cen? tral labor organizations at the first meeting in January, 1910. "We recommend that the execu? tive council of A. ?F. of L. issue a cir? cular to all unions of America, an appeal for financial contributions to aid the striking iron, steel and tin plate workers. "We further recommend that the amount of such contrlbtuions should not be less than 10 cents per mem? ber. "In view of the great wrongs per? petrated by the United States Steel corporation, not only against the workers, but against the public gen | orally, we rocommend that a com I Fear not?Let all the ends Thou Aim ER. S. C, SATURDi R. R. COMMISSION ENJOINED. I FERTILIZER RATE CASE ARGU? ED IN SUPREME COURT. Seat mar d Petition Granted, Pending I An Inquiry Into the Situation by a Referee?State's Demurrer to the Complaint overruled by the Court. Columbia, Dec. 14.?The railroad commission was today temporally enjoined by an order of the Supreme Court from putting into effect its circular on the Seaboard Air Line Railway, which reduced the fertili? ser rate in this State by about 5 per cent. The Atlantic Coast Line Rail? road Company, Southern, Charleston and Western Carolina Railway Com? pany, Columbia, Newberry and Laur ens Railroad Company, and the Flue Ridge Railroad Company are also named in the order of the Court. These companies filed their answer with W. H. Lyles, attorney for the Seaboard. On motion of the attorneys for the Seaboard and with the consent of Attorney General Lyon for the com? mission and counsel representing the other railroads an order was issued by the court appointing R. W. Shand of this city, as special referee to take testimony and report the same to? gether with his findings of facts. The effective date of the temporary re? straining order is December 6, on which date the order went into ef? fect. In the order issued by the court the Seaboard Air Line Railway Is re? quired to keep an accurate account of all fertilizer shipments passing over Its line so as to be able to show the amount of freight that may be for the transportation of the same over and above that provided for by the order of November 1, and known as Circular 135, and in the event that a perpeutal injunction is finally refused the road shall promptly re? pay to shippers the amount of freight collected over that provided for by Circular 135. The ?? sr of the Court came today" after much argument by Attorney General Lyon for the railroad com? mission and Lyles & Lyles for the Seaboard Air Line aRilway. WRECK ON SOUTHERN. Fourteen Killed and Many More In? jured. Greensboro, N. C, Dec. 15.?Local passenger train No. 11, on the South? ern Railway train, known as the Richmond and Atlanta train, due in Greensboro at 6:40 a. m., was wreck? ed this morning at 6:32 at Reedy Fork trestle, 10 miles north of here, and at 6 o'clock this evening 12 dead bodies had been removed from the wreckage. Fourteen are reported dead and 25 Injured are being cared for at St. Leo's hospital. William Pack, a young white man, had the misfortune to have his right hand cut off while operating a corn schredder at Manning. mlttee be appointed by this confer? ence to wait upon the president of the United States, the president of the United States senate, the speaker of the house of representatives and such other members of each house of congress as may be deemed advis? able for the purpose of laying before them the grievances from which la? bor suffers at the hands of this cor? poration. "At the Instance of the United States Steel corporation officers of local, municipal and State govern? ments have unwarrantably tyranni? zed over citizens, Invading the con? stitutionally guaranteed right of free assemblage and free speech. We recommend that committees be ap polntd by this confrenco to wait upon the governors of States and such other official representatives of counties and municipalities as are in control where the United States steel corporation has plants located for the purpose, of presenting to these offlclala the great wrongs in? dicted upon the people of these com? munities, and that the committees demand an investigation, and where charges made are substantiated by evidence, the officers responsible therefor be removed and the wrongs imme.dlatly righted. "We appeal to all liberty-loving Americans for their moral and finan? cial support." The conference was made possible through a resolution adopted at the Toronto, Canada, international labor conference held during November, when the convention decided by res? olution to meet in Plttsburg and reach a dotormlned stand against the labor attitude of the United States Steel corporation. end j is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and DECEMBER 18, STATE TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION AX INTERESTING SESSION IS EX? PECTED IN COLUMBIA. Columbia Getting Ready to Enter? tain the Teachers of the State DaHng the Holidays. The annual meeting of the State Teachers' Association will be held in Columbia during the holidays. The meetings for many years were held In the summer, but In the last half dozen years so many teachers go away In the summer to attend nor? mal Institutes that last year the as? sociation decided to make an experi? ment and hold the meeting In Co? lumbia during the winter holidays. The experiment last winter was so pleasing that the sessions this year will be held during the holidays. The attendance last yea^ was far and away the largest In the history of the assooclatlon and there were several social features which added greatly to the success of the meeting. The programme or this year's ses? sion has just been printed. This shows that in addition to the general association there will be in session several subordinate bodies of teach? ers. Each of these has arranged a separate programme. The several departments of the as? sociation are as follows: School Improvement Association. Association City and Town Super? intendents. Association County Superintend? ents, Association of Colleges. Association Kindergarten and Pri? mary teachers. The officers of the State Teachers' Association are as follows: President, Principal W. K. T?te, Memmlnger Normal School, Charles? ton. Vice Presidents, Lueco Gunter, First District; W. L. Brooker, Sec? ond District; D. vV. Daniel, Third District; D. W. Wallace, Fourth Dis? trict; <T. W. Tho^naon, Fifth JDUirlot;. Nathan Toms, Sixth District; A. R. Banks, Seventh iDstrlct. Treasurer. C. V. NeufTer, Colum? bia. Recording Secretary, E. C. Mc Cants, Anderson. Corresponding Secretary, W. H, Jones, Columbia. Member executive committee, I* W. Dick, Abbeville. Local committee, A. R. Banks chairman; Miss Helen Mo'taster, Miss Francenia Brennan, M Eilen S. Watklns, Miss Bessie Davis, Mrs. L. T. Baker, Patterson Wardlaw. Dt. S. C. Mitchell, W. B Dove, S. M. Clarkson, Claude V. NeufTer, W. H. Jones. State Association of Town and City Superintendents?President, J. L. Mann, Florence; Vice president, K. C. McCants, Anderson; secretary, Na? than Toms. Darlington; treasurer, N M. Salley, Greenwood. Rural School Improvomen: Asso? ciation?President, Miss Theodora Dargan, Stategurg, vice president, Mrs. Dora Dee Walker, Thomas; un? cording secretary, Miss Lizzie Rog? ers, Eastover; corresponding secre? tary, Miss Elise Rudd, Saluda, chair? man executive committee, Miss Louisa Poppenheim, Charleston., Association of County Superinten? dents of Education?President, State 'Superinendent J. E. Swearingen; vice president, Superintendent E. P. War? ing; secretary, Superintendent A. L. Easterli ng. Association Elementary Schools? Chairman, Miss A. B. Bonham; sec? retary, Miss Sarah Withers; Miss Minnie Macfeat, Miss Rattle Gold? smith. The memebrship fee is $1 formen and 50 cents for women, for which membership receipt and a badge en? titling to all privileges <>f the asso? ciation will be Issued. The headquarters of the associa? tion and bureau of information will be in the vestibule of the university chapel. All members are expected to report there upon arrival In the city. Holiday ratei will be in force on all roads. Accommodations may be had at all hotels and boarding houses at reasonable rates. Inform? al m as to accommodations may be obtained from Superintendent A. R. Banks, chairman of reception com? mittee. Dr. S. C. Mitchell, president of the teachers a reception at his residence university will tender the visiting on the campus on Thursday after? noon from 5 to 7 o'clock. Publishers of text books and deal? ers In supplies have been invited to make exhibits. These interesting exhibits of books and appliances will be displayed in the liberal arts build? ing. I Troth'*." THE TT 1909. New c i MORE FRAUDS IN SI' 4f ARBUCKLES PAY $G?5.o/3 TO GOVERNMENT. Criminal Prosecution Not Affected? Trial of Trust's Former Employers Nearing Its Close. New York, Dec. 15.?Arbuckle Bros., generally credited with being the largest independent rivals of the American Sugar Refining Company, have acknowledged that from 1898 to 1907 they, too, failed to pay to the government all the money due as customs charges on imported j sugar. In settlement of all civil claims against them, the Arbuckles have of? fered and the treasury department with the concurrence of the attorney general has accepted payment of $695,573. But criminal prosecution of those responsible will in nowise he ham? pered or* conditioned by this accept? ance. The government has now received the following voluntary restitutions and fines from importers of raw su? gars: The American Sugar Refin? ing Company (voluntary) $2,000,000; the American Refining Company (fine imposed by the court) $135, 000; Arbuckle Bros, (voluntary) $685,573. Total recovered $2,830. 573. Today's announcement of new ir? regularities in the sugar industry ramifying into quarters never sus? pected by the public was made dur? ing a recess of the criminal trial of six employes of the American Sugar Refining ^Company. Messrs. Stlmson and Dennison, special counsel for the government, then gave out a state? ment In part as follows: "In June, last we commenced an investigation as to the weights on which duties were paid on sugar landed on the docks of the sugar re? finery of Messrs. Arbuckle Bros., in the port of New York. The members of that firm voluntarily gave us ac? cess tc. their books* and tc ~thoroT;gh investigation was made of those books and of the customs house re? cords. * "As a result a shortage was report? ed to the members of the firm, and as soon as they had verified the gov? ernment's figures, they voluntarily offered to pay this sum without suit Into the treasury of the United States government." INSURANCE OFFICE SHORT. Troubles of the Phenix Company Ex? tend to Atlanta. New York, Dec. 15.?The Atlanta office of the Phenix (fire) Insurance Company, of Brooklyn, is short ap? proximately $50,000, and has been since January 1, 1907, according to a statement Issued tonight by the State department of Insurance. This adds further complexities to the affairs of the company, whose former presi? dent, George P. Sheldon, is under in? dictment, charged with grand lar? ceny. The statement says In part: "A sh rtage in the Atlanta general agency existed prior to January 1, 1907. Its amount seems to have been between $45,000 and $50,000. The company's representatives hold cer? tain property turned over by Mr. Stockwell, (the general agent), but suth property is not thought to be enough to balance the shortage. "Mr. Sheldon was informed of the shortage in January, 1907, but he did not report the same to company's directors or mention it until just as the present examination began. He then mentioned it to another officer of the company, and asked that the amount be charged off. This officer was Vice President Ingram, and be declined to charge off the account as requested. As soon as possible examiners will proceed to Atlanta to get at the facts. I have brought the substance of the testimony tak? en to the attention of insurance com? missioner of Georgia." Night Riders in Georgia, Koekmart, Ga? Dec. 15.?Alleged night rider raids in this community have become so numerous lately that today Qov. Brown was sent two tele? graphic dispatches that the neighbor h >d wans being terrorized. The burn? ing of a dwelling had been charged to the night riders, threatening let tors had been received by good citi? zens and signs posted telling what they proposed doing. Sheriff John B. Dempsey at Cedartown was com? municated with by the governor who has Issued instructions to investigate the complaints. \V. A. Atchinson, wanted in Green? ville on charge of false pretenses, has been arrested in Asheville. .SOUTHRON, Established June, lMf es?Vol. XXX. No. 33. COHN EXPOSITlflN PROPOSED. MOVEMENT ON FO<yr TO HAVE THE SHOW AT COLUMBIA. Tcntnti\e Plans Matle for a Corn Contest and Expoetkm Next Fall, At Which It Is Proposed to Bestow Ten Thousand Dollars in Prizes. Columbia, Dec. 13.?It is probable that a corn exposition will be held in Columbia in 1910. It is thought that at least $10,000 in prises will be offered. If the tentative plans are carried out. not only will South Carolina be represnted at the expo? sition, but also tne States along the Atlantic seaboa'd. The exposition, if held, would be the means of stim? ulating great interest in the matter of corn production. At the meeting of the State corn contest commission the holding of the corn exposition was discussed. It is the opinion of the commission that the plans that have been talked are feasible and it seems as if the project is going to materialize. The phenomenal increase in the production of corn in this State has attracted national attention. The crop this year will be approximate? ly 8,000,000 more bushels than last year, the value of which is about $7, 500,000. It is proposed to hold the expo? sition in Craven Hall, which is am? ply large. In connection with the exposition there is to be a corn in? stitute, at which will be present ex? perts from all sections of the coun? try, who will lecture on corn, culti? vation and seed selection. The exposition would be some? thing like the rational corn show, which is held at Omaha each year. It Is generally agreed by those in? terested that the best time of year to hold the exposition would be some time just before Chrirtmas or just after the State Fair. To have the exposition during the Fair would hardly be possible., as the corn has not been harvested at that time. . At the meeting of the Live Stock Association in February Commis? sioner Watson will present the mat? ter to that body. The Columbia Chamber of Comemrce will also be asked to aid in perfecting the plans for the exposition. It is thought that there would be little trouble in securing prizes to the amount of $10,000 for the first expo? sition. There are a number of prizes oifered in the State at the present time for the best yields of corn, by individuals, banks and the various counties. At least $5.000 would be derived from this source. The differ j ent machinery houses of the country would very probably offer another $5,000 In machinery. Commissioner Watson in his speech before the National Farm Land Congress, In Chicago, several weeks ago called particular attention to the great strides that had been made In South Carolina in the pro? duction of corn. The commissioner has been asked by the editor of World's Work, a magazine published in New York, to contribute an ar? ticle on corn production in this State. The editor of the magazine says, "we have not printed the facts of a more cheerful story than that of your corn experiments." The introduction of the Williamson method will be em | braced in the article, Mr. Williamson writing a part of the article. DILLON COUNTY ELECTION. Advocates of Division Win in Ma? rion. Dillon, Dec. 14.?There is rejoic? ing in Dillon tonight. The new coun? ty has won by an overwhelming mvjorlty and everybody from the smallest to the oldest inhabitant is happy. Returns from all the pre? cincts give the new county a tremen? dous majority, and it is believed the official returns will show a majority of from 90 to 95 per cent, for the new county from every precinct, but two. Dillon is selected for the loca? tion of the county seat and the name Dillon has won over the name Pee Dee by a large majority. It has been a long and stubborn struggle, but the new county people feel fully paid for the tremendous amount of ener? gy and money that they have put into the fight during the past 15 years. Three times they have been defeated, but undaunted they have gone ahead each time with renewed energy and higher hopes. Today's fight has been devoid of bitterness. It was expected that the old county people would put up a stubborn fight against the division of Marlon, but at the last moment they seemed to realize that the odds were against them and they surrendered without firing a gun.