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ZEim SEEKS INTEBVENT10N.
NOTHING KL8K CAN SAVE HIM FROM REVOLUTIONISTS. President of Nicaragua In Thought to be Flouting the United Htttee Purposely So M to Avoid the Hu? miliation of I>efeut by the Rebels. IIM Fmilure to Distribute IiOsm the of fYeaent Internecine Panama. Dec 4.?It It the opinion) of Panamana that President Zelaya, of Nicaragua, la riding for a fall, thai he la deliberately working to bring about Intervention by the Uni? ted States. Wing chosen that I?rm of humiliation In preference to the greater one of suffering deles* ?t tlM hinds of revolutionists. For the past sixteen years, during which time Zelaya has been in pow? er, according to the statements of s?en aow on the isthmus who are eonversant with affairs In that re public Nicaragua has been ruled by a group of sight daring, clever and ooascltntelees men, who have looked upon the country as their own per? eonai property. This group has grown enormously rich by a system? atise* pillage of the revenues of the AUtas and of IndK'duals. It Is es? timated that Zelaya la worth about $10.006,000 gold, most of which he has Invested In Brussels and Ix>n It la said to be well established that the chief cause of the present revolution was the failure of Zelaya to distribute among his seven asso? ciates a loan of $1,000,000 obtained recently in Europe. The seven were given a share of the money, but not on the basis of apportionment which had governed theae distributions in the pact. They remonstrated, but All to no purpose. Zelaya refused to pay off on the old basis and even threatened that If they did not sub? mit gracefully he would turn against them the system which they hsd jointly organised. This system was simple, but effective. Its modus op? erandi waa about aa follows: Whenever in sny region of the country a cttlsen waa found In law? ful possession of a piece of property of any considerable value, an sgent ' a? the group was sent to him to the price for which he would 1 1 sail It. When the price was made known the agent would offer to buy It for about one-tentl. of Its value. Tftls offer being refused, the agent waa then at liberty to outline his proposed retaliation. saying: "If you do not sell we will denounce you as a conspirator. We will spread ru? mors about your activity In behalf e>f the revolutionary faction, which wa are oareful always to have stir? ring about somewhere in the coun? try. W? will try you with our Judges, in our Court, before our Juty, and sentence you to be shot as a traitor and have your property confiscated. Will you be shot or will you sell? Sometimes the men were shot, and the country at large imagined that these men were real traitors and conspirators, and applauded the ver? dict and their execution. When the originators of the sys? tem found themselves threatened they promptly surrendered?all save one. This one turned revolutionist, with the result that an army of eeversi thousand men was soon In the field, and Blueflelds and the en? tire eastern coast of Nicaragua con? quered. That is the view of the situation as taken on the isthmus, whore, to be sure, there are many Nlgara guans, naturally very strongly op? posed to the present administration |n their country. They are of the opinion that Zelaya sees that the game is up and is anxious to make his departure In safety from the Republic. He would much rather stand In the eye* of the world as having been forced out by the Unt ted States than by his own people, however, this Is why he has provok? ed reprisals by the brutal shooting of Cannon and Orocc. Judge Horace H. Lurton, of Ten? nessee, has been nominated by Pres? ident Taft to succeed Associate Jus tlce Peckham, of the United ttatet Supreme Court. I ? >? tSTFK'S 8ALF. By virtue of a Decree of tho Court of Common Pleas for Sumter County In the SMte of South Carolina, in the c\se of Henry J. Harby, doing husi ... under the namo and styio of Harhy sad Company, against Ann C. Saunders. W. L Saunder* and Ma? rion Molse. I will sell at public auc? tion, to the highest bidder, at the Court House In the City of Sumter. In the County and State aforesaid, on sale day In January, 1910, being the third day of said month, during the usual hours of sale, the follow Ing described real estate, to-wlt: "All of that plantation or tract of land In Sumter County, In said State, containing thirteen hundred acres, bounded on the Nerth by th< public road; East by land of W .W. Anderson and by land of A. M. T,eo; South by land of A. M. Lee and West by Beech Creek." Terms of aale. Cash, purchaser to pay for papers. E. C. HAYNSWORTH. 11-il-St-ltaw. Master. ?l?i ABOUT TUE ENUMERATORS Director Durand's Statement Re? garding Qualifications, Duties and Compensation, Washington, Dec. 13.?U. S. Cen? sus Director Durand today Issued a statement defining the qualifications, duties and compensation of census enumerators. He states that one of the duties imposed upon the super? visors by the census act is the desig? nation of suitable persons to be em? ployed, with the consent of the Di? rector of the Census, as enumerators within their respective districts. It Is further provided that such persons shall be selected solely with ft y]fiw Jto fltnees, ?nd witfoput, reference t? their peiitteftl party affllifttten?. * '. A "The census act provides that t..> enumeration of population and agri? culture shall begin on April 16, 1910. and that each enumerator shall com? plete the work required In his dis? trict within thirty days In the case of rural districts and umall towns, and within two weeks In the case of any incorporated city, town, village, or borough which had 8,000 inhabi? tants or more under the census of 1900. "It le desirable where possible that the enumerator shall live In the dis? trict he 1? to canvass. He should be familiar with its territory and the general character of Its people. "The census requires as enumer? ators active, energetic persons of address. They must be thoroughly trustworthy, honest, and of good ha? bits. They must have at leaat ordi? nary education and be able to write plainly and with reasonble rapidity. In general, preference will be given to former enumerators If they are at preeent physically able to perform the dutlee of the position. "Kach person seeking appointment as census enumerator must make a written application to the supervisor for the district of which a resident, and said application must be made throughout In the handwriting of the applicant, and muet be Indorsed by two representative business men of the community In which the ap? plicant resides. "All applicants for appointment as enumerators will be required to take an examination, to be prescribed by the Director of the Census, to deter? mine their fitness for the work. Thli examination will be of a practical character1, consisting chiefly or whol? ly of the filling out of a sample schedule of population from data furnished, and, In the case of enum? erators whose work will be in rural districts, the filling out of a sample schedule of agriculture. "Each applicant Is furnished with an Illustrative example of the man? ner of filling the population schedule and, In country districts, with a copy of the agricultural schedule to which, in the main, the work of the census enumerators Is confined. These forms of schedules are fur? nished for the information of the ap? plicant and should be studied and preserved for use in connection with the examination referred to in the preceding paragraph. "It will be necessary for each enu? merator, before entering upon his duties, to receive a commission, un? der the hand of the supervisor of the dlstrjct to which he belongs, and to take and subscribe an oath or affirm? ation that he will faithfully dis? charge all the duties required of him under the law. ' The census act also provides that no enumerator, after accepting an appointment and qualifying for the work, can not, 'without Justifiable cause,' refuse or neglect to perform the duties of the position; and he will further be required to devote his entire working time to the census work during the period of the enum? eration. "The compensation to be paid to enumerators is fixed by the census ~ct, and an allowance of not leas than two nor more than four cents for each inhabitant, not less than 20 nor more than 30 cents for each farm reported, and 10 cents for each barn and inclosure containing live stock not on farms, is provided for all subdivisions where the Director' of the Census shall deem such re? muneration sufficient. In other sub? divisions the Director may fix a mix? ed rate of not less than one nor more titan two dollars per day and, In ad? dition, an allowance of not less than one nor more than three cents for each Inhabitant enumerated, and not less than fifteen nor more twenty cents for each farm reported, while in subdivisions where per dlurn ra'.es are necessary, because of the diffi? culty of the enumeration, the erutn* erator may be allowed, in the discre? tion of the Director, a compensation of not less than throo nor more than six dollars per day of eight hours ac? tual Meld work each. Except In ex? treme cases, no claim for mlleago or traveling expenses will be allowed to any enumerator, and then only when authority has been previously grant? ed by the Director of the Census." Attention is also called to the let tor of the President, addressed to tne Secretary of Commerco and Labor, a copy of which is appended to the statement, concerning the matter o The Season Brings Sweet Social Joy Your Children Will Not Be Forgotten, Let Them Know That We Will Give Away a MAMA/07H SANTA CLAUS. This Will be in View in a Few Days. Let Us Suggest-E ARLY SHOPPING! It Will be of^Bengf[t to Customers. Turkeys, Chickens, EfcTgs, Boiled Haft*) Chipped Beef i ^ Frankfurts, (Guaranteed Pure.) Sliced Bacon. Don't worry about your XMAS MEALS. Let us suggest your wants. Our stock is complete. Fruit Cakes, Fruit Cake Ingredients, Fancy Cakes and Crackers, Steamed Fruit Cakes? By special arrangement, we can sup? ply one. They are baked by one of Sumter's Housekeepers?Tender and Delicious. Your order must be placed by December 18th. Get this idea in your mind first of all?STRAUSS' XMAS GROCERIES arc fresh and plentiful. We have ar? ranged for an extra supply of Celery, Lettuce, Oysters, Eggs, Etc., for XMAS WEEK. CANDY?SUCH AN ACCEPTABLE GIFT The biggest values in town for the money. Not such a fancy box, for Henry Maillard puts all the "FLUFFY RUFFLES" in the candy. Every box guaranteed to be fresh. It gives satisfaction. If it don't, come to us, we will. Call and see our stock. Probably there's some hint we can throw your way. It will save mauy a housekeeper unnecessary worry. 'WHERE QUALITY REIGNS" political activity on the part of cen? sus supervisors and enumerators. In accordance with this letter any enu? merator must sever his connection with any political committee of which he may be a member, before entering on his duties, and must re? frain from political activity during his term of employment. REAL FLYING MACHINE. Worcester, Mass., Dec. 12.?The Telegram published the following to? day: Working quietly, away from the scenes of public controversies, and with the eyes of aeronauts busy in other fields. Wallace E. Tillinghast, vice president of the Sure Seal Man? ufacturing Company, corner of Fos? ter and Commercial streets, has in? vented, built and tested what ho says is an aeroplane capable of carrying three passengers with a weight limit of 200 pounds each a distance of at least 300 miles without a stop to re? plenish the supply of petrol and, if necessary, at a rate of 120 miles an hour Mr. Tillinghast states that he has gone in his areoplane to the Statue of Liberty near New York city, then to Boston and back to the starting point without alighting. Another part of this trip is still more won? derful. Mr. Tillinghast says tha,t when enar Fire Island, one of the cylinders of the flyer ran irregularly, so the motor was stopped, with the machine 4,000 feet in the air, and sailed 46 minutes, while two mech? anics repaired it in mid-air, the en? gine being started again when the aeroplane was near enough to land to be seen by a member of the life saving crew patrolling the beach. Mr. Tillinghast says that he has made over 100 successful trips, of which eighteen have been in his per? fected machine. To prove the claim that his ma? chine has been thoroughly tested, he cites a trip made the night of Sep? tember 8. Ho said: With two mechanics I left the shop where the machine Is stored and built ami sot out for New York city, which we reached, coming close to the Statue of Liberty, went to Boston, and then back again to the starting point, without alighting. "When near Fire Island, one of the cylinders ran Irregularly, so the mo? tors ware stopped and two of the mechanics took plenty of tlmo In re? pairing it ami doing a llttlo work of a precautionary nature with other parts of the machinery. "Beforo stopping the motor, we rose to an altitude of 4,000 feet and sailed during the 46 minutes taken in repairing the cylinder and looking over the other machlnory. "When the motor was started wo were so near land that the headlight ami general outline of tho aeroplane with tho men In'It were seen by a member of the life-saving crew pat? rolling the beach." DR. KNAPP TO SPEAK. Farm Demonstration Expert to Tour Southeastern States. Washington, Dec. 14.?A some? what unique campaign of education is to be undertaken in January by I Dr. S. A. Knapp of the department of agriculture, in charge of the farm demonstration work in the South, 1 which will have for its object a dis- 1 cusslon of the farm methods and policies of the various States visited and the means for bringing about great agricultural prosperity. The trip is being arranged by the South? ern railway and is undartaken at the suggestion of that company. There will bo a series of eight or I nine addresses, each treating direct? ly of agricultural work and conditions in the community or State visited. The entire series making a collected study of farm life, methods, oppor? tunities and possibilities in the South? eastern States. Tho moetings will be held at Lynchburg, Va., Charlotte, N. C, Greenville, S. C, Macon, Ga., Jack? sonville, Fla., Anniston and Hunts ville, Ala., West Point and Green? ville, Miss., Memphis, Tenn., and Lexington, Ky. The Innocent Bystander. The Czar of Russia was given what is described as an enthusiastic reception upon his recent visit to Italy. By this phrase the correspon? dent evidently meant that none of the soldiers who lined his entire route through the country so far for? got himself as to shoot. One of our consuls In Turkey re? ports a growing demand there for American soda-fountains. This is tho first real evidence that the Turkish women have laid aside the veil. English astronomers have advanc? ed the theory that Mars has turned yellOW, That statement is evidence that England, in chagrin over losing the North Polo, is trying to steal a planet which we have always re? garded as an American possession. Senator Ponrose urged the Phila? delphia electorate to support the dis? reputable Republican gang in that city in order to uphold the heaven born principle of protection. This device Is entitled to respect only be causo of its extreme age, A contemporary who pretends to be Interested in such matters an? nounces that Uruguay, with only one million inhabitants, has used $1, 224,500 worth of perfumery in the last fifteen years. Uruguay, appar? ently, by any other name would smell as sweet. Tho total importation of Turkish leaf tobacco last year was 240 pounds. The question, What are our "Turkish cigarettes" made out of? romains as far as ever from solu? tion.?Success Magazine. ARMY CAPTAIN PLEADS GUILTY Officer Whom Chafee and Otis Both Commended is an Embezzler. New York, Dec. 13.?Capt. Thos. Franklin, Uniued States army, twice commended by Gen. Chafee and Gen. Otis for distinguished service in China andl at MaUlla, pleaded guilty today to a long series of petty em? bezzlements from the mess fund of the West Point cadets, as commlu sary and treasurer of the United States Circuit Court, to two years and six months in the Federal Pen? itentiary at Atlanta, Ga. His coun? sel gave notice that he would apply for a writ of error and review. CORN PRIZES AWARDED. Mr. John R. Dingle of Summer ton Won First Prize on Acre. Columbia, Dec. 13.?Tha State corn contest commission met today and awarded the $500 in prizes provided for by the legislature. The first prize of $200 went to J. M. Moss of St. Matthews, Calhoun county, for the best yield on five acres. His yield was 500.5 bushels and he made 72.2 points out of ? possible 100. The second prize for the five-acre yield was awarded to Mr. Thomas Taylor of Riehland county, who got 251 bushels and made 68.6 points. Mr. Taylor's award was $50. The first prize of $175 for a one acre yield was awarded to John R. Dingle of Summerton, Clarendon county, who got 168.7 bushels and made 99 points. The second prize for a one-acre yield was $75 and it went to A. Bas com Usher, of Marlboro, who scored 91.7 points. Most remarkable is the record of Mr. Usher, who is a mere boy. He has won first prizes this year on his one crop of corn, the Federal first prize, on which he is now spending a week in Washington at the expense of the Federal government, a St it'1 price and two county prizes. The commission says in its report that he is doing fine work In corn brand? ing and his types are very fine. He won second State prize last yeai. Among the Important lessons the commission points out as having been taught by the contest, in which there were ir>6 entries representing all sections of the State, is that corn raising, cither as to quantity or qual? ity of yield, is not as much a mattor of quantity of fertilizer used as it Is preparation of the soli. The be-st yields were secured where a mod? erate amount of fertilizing was done, the proper proportions of barnyard manure and humus securing the best results. On 21 acres the commission pick? ed ?>ut the total yield was 2.113 bushels, the net profits $2,223.10, the total cost being $991. The average net profit on these 21 acres was $105.S6 an acre. BAD FOR PEE DEE RIVER. Gen. Marshall Recomemnds That Chesterfield Connty Stream Get No More Waterways Money. Washington, Dec. 14.?The Pee Dee river, in Chesterfield county, la to get no more money if the recom? mendation' of the chief of engineers of the army, Gen. Marshall, is fol? lowed and they will be in a commu? nication through the secetary of war to congress today. Gen. Marshall says that * the commerce along the Pee Dee does not justify any further appropriation. CASTOR IA Pot Infants and Children. The Kind You Have Always foagM Rears the Signature Farm Loans. Loans negotiated upon improv? ed farms, payable in annual in? stallments. No Commission. Borrowers pay actual cost of per? fecting Loan. For further infor? mation apply to JOHN B. PALMER & SON. P.O. Box 282, Phone No. 1085. Office Sylvan Bldg. COLUMBIA, S. C. 12-8-2m. PATENTS SHOCURED AND DE FEN DC O. 8/Dd ??det, "wbVorpa^^Wft ?d free report Free advice, how to obtain patent?, trade inarka, copyright*, etc., m ALL COUNTRIES. Busines direct '.nth Washington sax es tim*r%\ money aniofte n the patent. Patent and Infringement Practica Exclusively. Writ*' or MM W us at 613 Ninth Street, opp. UaiUd Statea Patent Offict,| WASHINGTON, O. c. 60 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Patents trade mark* Designs Copyrights Ac. Anyone sending % sketch and description may quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an itiventVm probab y Phi^I'J?JjI? tlont strict ?"iit free, * Patent*-. 'ptcitU notice, without chnr?e, in the Communlrft. eute ly confidential. HANDBOOK on Paten Oldest rkci . v for securing patent*, taken through Munn & Co. rccelre mwim\ without charge, laths Scientific American. A handsomely Illustrated weekly. I .arrest cir? culation of utiv scientific Journal. Terms, S3 m year; four months, |L Sold by all newsdealers. MUNN & Co.S6,B"?*"'- New York Mranota Office. 025 F Washington. D. C.