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The watchman and southron. [volume] (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, December 18, 1909, Image 6

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President of Nicaragua In Thought
to be Flouting the United Htttee
Purposely So M to Avoid the Hu?
miliation of I>efeut by the Rebels.
IIM Fmilure to Distribute IiOsm the
of fYeaent Internecine
Panama. Dec 4.?It It the opinion)
of Panamana that President Zelaya,
of Nicaragua, la riding for a fall,
thai he la deliberately working to
bring about Intervention by the Uni?
ted States. Wing chosen that I?rm
of humiliation In preference to the
greater one of suffering deles* ?t
tlM hinds of revolutionists.
For the past sixteen years, during
which time Zelaya has been in pow?
er, according to the statements of
s?en aow on the isthmus who are
eonversant with affairs In that re
public Nicaragua has been ruled by
a group of sight daring, clever and
ooascltntelees men, who have looked
upon the country as their own per?
eonai property. This group has
grown enormously rich by a system?
atise* pillage of the revenues of the
AUtas and of IndK'duals. It Is es?
timated that Zelaya la worth about
$10.006,000 gold, most of which he
has Invested In Brussels and Ix>n
It la said to be well established
that the chief cause of the present
revolution was the failure of Zelaya
to distribute among his seven asso?
ciates a loan of $1,000,000 obtained
recently in Europe. The seven were
given a share of the money, but not
on the basis of apportionment which
had governed theae distributions in
the pact. They remonstrated, but
All to no purpose. Zelaya refused
to pay off on the old basis and even
threatened that If they did not sub?
mit gracefully he would turn against
them the system which they hsd
jointly organised. This system was
simple, but effective. Its modus op?
erandi waa about aa follows:
Whenever in sny region of the
country a cttlsen waa found In law?
ful possession of a piece of property
of any considerable value, an sgent
' a? the group was sent to him to
the price for which he would
sail It. When the price was made
known the agent would offer to buy
It for about one-tentl. of Its value.
Tftls offer being refused, the agent
waa then at liberty to outline his
proposed retaliation. saying: "If
you do not sell we will denounce you
as a conspirator. We will spread ru?
mors about your activity In behalf
e>f the revolutionary faction, which
wa are oareful always to have stir?
ring about somewhere in the coun?
try. W? will try you with our
Judges, in our Court, before our
Juty, and sentence you to be shot as
a traitor and have your property
confiscated. Will you be shot or
will you sell?
Sometimes the men were shot, and
the country at large imagined that
these men were real traitors and
conspirators, and applauded the ver?
dict and their execution.
When the originators of the sys?
tem found themselves threatened
they promptly surrendered?all save
one. This one turned revolutionist,
with the result that an army of
eeversi thousand men was soon In
the field, and Blueflelds and the en?
tire eastern coast of Nicaragua con?
That is the view of the situation
as taken on the isthmus, whore, to
be sure, there are many Nlgara
guans, naturally very strongly op?
posed to the present administration
|n their country. They are of the
opinion that Zelaya sees that the
game is up and is anxious to make
his departure In safety from the
Republic. He would much rather
stand In the eye* of the world as
having been forced out by the Unt
ted States than by his own people,
however, this Is why he has provok?
ed reprisals by the brutal shooting
of Cannon and Orocc.
Judge Horace H. Lurton, of Ten?
nessee, has been nominated by Pres?
ident Taft to succeed Associate Jus
tlce Peckham, of the United ttatet
Supreme Court.
I ?
>? tSTFK'S 8ALF.
By virtue of a Decree of tho Court
of Common Pleas for Sumter County
In the SMte of South Carolina, in the
c\se of Henry J. Harby, doing husi
... under the namo and styio of
Harhy sad Company, against Ann C.
Saunders. W. L Saunder* and Ma?
rion Molse. I will sell at public auc?
tion, to the highest bidder, at the
Court House In the City of Sumter.
In the County and State aforesaid,
on sale day In January, 1910, being
the third day of said month, during
the usual hours of sale, the follow
Ing described real estate, to-wlt:
"All of that plantation or tract
of land In Sumter County, In said
State, containing thirteen hundred
acres, bounded on the Nerth by th<
public road; East by land of W .W.
Anderson and by land of A. M. T,eo;
South by land of A. M. Lee and West
by Beech Creek."
Terms of aale. Cash, purchaser to
pay for papers.
11-il-St-ltaw. Master.
Director Durand's Statement Re?
garding Qualifications, Duties and
Washington, Dec. 13.?U. S. Cen?
sus Director Durand today Issued a
statement defining the qualifications,
duties and compensation of census
enumerators. He states that one of
the duties imposed upon the super?
visors by the census act is the desig?
nation of suitable persons to be em?
ployed, with the consent of the Di?
rector of the Census, as enumerators
within their respective districts. It
Is further provided that such persons
shall be selected solely with ft y]fiw
Jto fltnees, ?nd witfoput, reference t?
their peiitteftl party affllifttten?.
* '. A
"The census act provides that t..>
enumeration of population and agri?
culture shall begin on April 16, 1910.
and that each enumerator shall com?
plete the work required In his dis?
trict within thirty days In the case
of rural districts and umall towns,
and within two weeks In the case of
any incorporated city, town, village,
or borough which had 8,000 inhabi?
tants or more under the census of
"It le desirable where possible that
the enumerator shall live In the dis?
trict he 1? to canvass. He should
be familiar with its territory and the
general character of Its people.
"The census requires as enumer?
ators active, energetic persons of
address. They must be thoroughly
trustworthy, honest, and of good ha?
bits. They must have at leaat ordi?
nary education and be able to write
plainly and with reasonble rapidity.
In general, preference will be given
to former enumerators If they are at
preeent physically able to perform
the dutlee of the position.
"Kach person seeking appointment
as census enumerator must make a
written application to the supervisor
for the district of which a resident,
and said application must be made
throughout In the handwriting of
the applicant, and muet be Indorsed
by two representative business men
of the community In which the ap?
plicant resides.
"All applicants for appointment as
enumerators will be required to take
an examination, to be prescribed by
the Director of the Census, to deter?
mine their fitness for the work. Thli
examination will be of a practical
character1, consisting chiefly or whol?
ly of the filling out of a sample
schedule of population from data
furnished, and, In the case of enum?
erators whose work will be in rural
districts, the filling out of a sample
schedule of agriculture.
"Each applicant Is furnished with
an Illustrative example of the man?
ner of filling the population schedule
and, In country districts, with a copy
of the agricultural schedule to
which, in the main, the work of the
census enumerators Is confined.
These forms of schedules are fur?
nished for the information of the ap?
plicant and should be studied and
preserved for use in connection with
the examination referred to in the
preceding paragraph.
"It will be necessary for each enu?
merator, before entering upon his
duties, to receive a commission, un?
der the hand of the supervisor of the
dlstrjct to which he belongs, and to
take and subscribe an oath or affirm?
ation that he will faithfully dis?
charge all the duties required of him
under the law.
' The census act also provides that
no enumerator, after accepting an
appointment and qualifying for the
work, can not, 'without Justifiable
cause,' refuse or neglect to perform
the duties of the position; and he
will further be required to devote his
entire working time to the census
work during the period of the enum?
"The compensation to be paid to
enumerators is fixed by the census
~ct, and an allowance of not leas
than two nor more than four cents
for each inhabitant, not less than 20
nor more than 30 cents for each
farm reported, and 10 cents for each
barn and inclosure containing live
stock not on farms, is provided for
all subdivisions where the Director'
of the Census shall deem such re?
muneration sufficient. In other sub?
divisions the Director may fix a mix?
ed rate of not less than one nor more
titan two dollars per day and, In ad?
dition, an allowance of not less than
one nor more than three cents for
each Inhabitant enumerated, and not
less than fifteen nor more twenty
cents for each farm reported, while
in subdivisions where per dlurn ra'.es
are necessary, because of the diffi?
culty of the enumeration, the erutn*
erator may be allowed, in the discre?
tion of the Director, a compensation
of not less than throo nor more than
six dollars per day of eight hours ac?
tual Meld work each. Except In ex?
treme cases, no claim for mlleago or
traveling expenses will be allowed to
any enumerator, and then only when
authority has been previously grant?
ed by the Director of the Census."
Attention is also called to the let
tor of the President, addressed to tne
Secretary of Commerco and Labor,
a copy of which is appended to the
statement, concerning the matter o
The Season Brings Sweet Social Joy
Your Children Will Not Be Forgotten,
Let Them Know That We Will Give Away a MAMA/07H
SANTA CLAUS. This Will be in View in a Few Days.
Let Us Suggest-E ARLY SHOPPING! It Will be of^Bengf[t to
Boiled Haft*)
Chipped Beef i ^
Frankfurts, (Guaranteed Pure.)
Sliced Bacon.
Don't worry about your XMAS MEALS.
Let us suggest your wants. Our stock is
Fruit Cakes,
Fruit Cake Ingredients,
Fancy Cakes and Crackers,
Steamed Fruit Cakes?
By special arrangement, we can sup?
ply one. They are baked by one of
Sumter's Housekeepers?Tender and
Delicious. Your order must be placed
by December 18th.
Get this idea in your mind first of all?STRAUSS' XMAS GROCERIES arc fresh and plentiful. We have ar?
ranged for an extra supply of Celery, Lettuce, Oysters, Eggs, Etc., for XMAS WEEK.
The biggest values in town for the money.
Not such a fancy box, for Henry Maillard puts all the "FLUFFY RUFFLES" in the candy. Every box guaranteed
to be fresh. It gives satisfaction. If it don't, come to us, we will.
Call and see our stock. Probably there's some hint we can throw your way. It will save mauy a housekeeper
unnecessary worry.
political activity on the part of cen?
sus supervisors and enumerators. In
accordance with this letter any enu?
merator must sever his connection
with any political committee of
which he may be a member, before
entering on his duties, and must re?
frain from political activity during
his term of employment.
Worcester, Mass., Dec. 12.?The
Telegram published the following to?
Working quietly, away from the
scenes of public controversies, and
with the eyes of aeronauts busy in
other fields. Wallace E. Tillinghast,
vice president of the Sure Seal Man?
ufacturing Company, corner of Fos?
ter and Commercial streets, has in?
vented, built and tested what ho says
is an aeroplane capable of carrying
three passengers with a weight limit
of 200 pounds each a distance of at
least 300 miles without a stop to re?
plenish the supply of petrol and, if
necessary, at a rate of 120 miles an
Mr. Tillinghast states that he has
gone in his areoplane to the Statue
of Liberty near New York city, then
to Boston and back to the starting
point without alighting. Another
part of this trip is still more won?
derful. Mr. Tillinghast says tha,t
when enar Fire Island, one of the
cylinders of the flyer ran irregularly,
so the motor was stopped, with the
machine 4,000 feet in the air, and
sailed 46 minutes, while two mech?
anics repaired it in mid-air, the en?
gine being started again when the
aeroplane was near enough to land
to be seen by a member of the life
saving crew patrolling the beach.
Mr. Tillinghast says that he has
made over 100 successful trips, of
which eighteen have been in his per?
fected machine.
To prove the claim that his ma?
chine has been thoroughly tested, he
cites a trip made the night of Sep?
tember 8. Ho said:
With two mechanics I left the
shop where the machine Is stored
and built ami sot out for New York
city, which we reached, coming close
to the Statue of Liberty, went to
Boston, and then back again to the
starting point, without alighting.
"When near Fire Island, one of the
cylinders ran Irregularly, so the mo?
tors ware stopped and two of the
mechanics took plenty of tlmo In re?
pairing it ami doing a llttlo work of
a precautionary nature with other
parts of the machinery.
"Beforo stopping the motor, we
rose to an altitude of 4,000 feet and
sailed during the 46 minutes taken
in repairing the cylinder and looking
over the other machlnory.
"When the motor was started wo
were so near land that the headlight
ami general outline of tho aeroplane
with tho men In'It were seen by a
member of the life-saving crew pat?
rolling the beach."
Farm Demonstration Expert to Tour
Southeastern States.
Washington, Dec. 14.?A some?
what unique campaign of education
is to be undertaken in January by I
Dr. S. A. Knapp of the department
of agriculture, in charge of the farm
demonstration work in the South, 1
which will have for its object a dis- 1
cusslon of the farm methods and
policies of the various States visited
and the means for bringing about
great agricultural prosperity. The
trip is being arranged by the South?
ern railway and is undartaken at the
suggestion of that company.
There will bo a series of eight or I
nine addresses, each treating direct?
ly of agricultural work and conditions
in the community or State visited.
The entire series making a collected
study of farm life, methods, oppor?
tunities and possibilities in the South?
eastern States.
Tho moetings will be held at
Lynchburg, Va., Charlotte, N. C,
Greenville, S. C, Macon, Ga., Jack?
sonville, Fla., Anniston and Hunts
ville, Ala., West Point and Green?
ville, Miss., Memphis, Tenn., and
Lexington, Ky.
The Innocent Bystander.
The Czar of Russia was given
what is described as an enthusiastic
reception upon his recent visit to
Italy. By this phrase the correspon?
dent evidently meant that none of
the soldiers who lined his entire
route through the country so far for?
got himself as to shoot.
One of our consuls In Turkey re?
ports a growing demand there for
American soda-fountains. This is tho
first real evidence that the Turkish
women have laid aside the veil.
English astronomers have advanc?
ed the theory that Mars has turned
yellOW, That statement is evidence
that England, in chagrin over losing
the North Polo, is trying to steal a
planet which we have always re?
garded as an American possession.
Senator Ponrose urged the Phila?
delphia electorate to support the dis?
reputable Republican gang in that
city in order to uphold the heaven
born principle of protection. This
device Is entitled to respect only be
causo of its extreme age,
A contemporary who pretends to
be Interested in such matters an?
nounces that Uruguay, with only one
million inhabitants, has used $1,
224,500 worth of perfumery in the
last fifteen years. Uruguay, appar?
ently, by any other name would
smell as sweet.
Tho total importation of Turkish
leaf tobacco last year was 240
pounds. The question, What are
our "Turkish cigarettes" made out
of? romains as far as ever from solu?
tion.?Success Magazine.
Officer Whom Chafee and Otis Both
Commended is an Embezzler.
New York, Dec. 13.?Capt. Thos.
Franklin, Uniued States army, twice
commended by Gen. Chafee and Gen.
Otis for distinguished service in
China andl at MaUlla, pleaded guilty
today to a long series of petty em?
bezzlements from the mess fund of
the West Point cadets, as commlu
sary and treasurer of the United
States Circuit Court, to two years
and six months in the Federal Pen?
itentiary at Atlanta, Ga. His coun?
sel gave notice that he would apply
for a writ of error and review.
Mr. John R. Dingle of Summer ton
Won First Prize on Acre.
Columbia, Dec. 13.?Tha State corn
contest commission met today and
awarded the $500 in prizes provided
for by the legislature.
The first prize of $200 went to J.
M. Moss of St. Matthews, Calhoun
county, for the best yield on five
acres. His yield was 500.5 bushels
and he made 72.2 points out of ?
possible 100.
The second prize for the five-acre
yield was awarded to Mr. Thomas
Taylor of Riehland county, who got
251 bushels and made 68.6 points.
Mr. Taylor's award was $50.
The first prize of $175 for a one
acre yield was awarded to John R.
Dingle of Summerton, Clarendon
county, who got 168.7 bushels and
made 99 points.
The second prize for a one-acre
yield was $75 and it went to A. Bas
com Usher, of Marlboro, who scored
91.7 points.
Most remarkable is the record of
Mr. Usher, who is a mere boy. He
has won first prizes this year on his
one crop of corn, the Federal first
prize, on which he is now spending a
week in Washington at the expense
of the Federal government, a St it'1
price and two county prizes. The
commission says in its report that
he is doing fine work In corn brand?
ing and his types are very fine. He
won second State prize last yeai.
Among the Important lessons the
commission points out as having
been taught by the contest, in which
there were ir>6 entries representing
all sections of the State, is that corn
raising, cither as to quantity or qual?
ity of yield, is not as much a mattor
of quantity of fertilizer used as it Is
preparation of the soli. The be-st
yields were secured where a mod?
erate amount of fertilizing was done,
the proper proportions of barnyard
manure and humus securing the best
On 21 acres the commission pick?
ed ?>ut the total yield was 2.113
bushels, the net profits $2,223.10, the
total cost being $991. The average
net profit on these 21 acres was
$105.S6 an acre.
Gen. Marshall Recomemnds That
Chesterfield Connty Stream Get No
More Waterways Money.
Washington, Dec. 14.?The Pee
Dee river, in Chesterfield county, la
to get no more money if the recom?
mendation' of the chief of engineers
of the army, Gen. Marshall, is fol?
lowed and they will be in a commu?
nication through the secetary of war
to congress today. Gen. Marshall
says that * the commerce along the
Pee Dee does not justify any further
Pot Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always foagM
Rears the
Farm Loans.
Loans negotiated upon improv?
ed farms, payable in annual in?
stallments. No Commission.
Borrowers pay actual cost of per?
fecting Loan. For further infor?
mation apply to
P.O. Box 282, Phone No. 1085.
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