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Wednesday and Saturday ?BT? tlTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY gUMTBR, 8. O. 11.19 aar annim?In advance. ?a* ??aar? ?rat Insertion.fl.ts subsequent Insertion.10 tor throe months, or ?Hl be made at reduced rates, lunlostions which tab* artvate later eats will be charged advertisements. aad trfbuUe of tsr. auuu uce noniEs. tit IMOOM AND OFFICERS PRE 1 V VWTf BI/OODSHED IN ALA? BAMA. Of MacBofaa, Angered by BUytng Cst OS* of TMr Color, Had PUn mmt Wlmleeale AlUek on Town Whites to Arm Themsetree Propere for Fight. Ityagaolla, Ale.. Dee. 11.?With State aad armed deputies patrolling Use streets and the public roads lead In* Into the town, and with thlrty tatfjs of the negro ring-leaders cor railed la aa Improvised stockade, the threatened race war Is believed to? la have been averted. Excite - however, hae not been alto allayed and tonight every man's house in Magnolia and ftMr several miles around Is guarded against threatened revengeful acte on the part of negroee who reeent the burning yeterday of Clint Montgom? ery, one of the four negro despera? dos*, brothers, charged with the kill fb*f> Ssgurday night of Algernon Left hi. This section for miles around was stirred this morning by reports that the negroes wert planning to attack town tonight, born the real murder every white by I o'clock this afternoon, Magnolia was lliled with armed white men and a ertoue clash with the negroee was imminent. Doubtless the arrival of seventy-five soldiers here at ? o'clock prevented bloodshed. Several of the nejgroes connected with the alleged plan to burn the town had already been apprehended and only the cool? er heads among the citizens and Sheriff Grant and seventy-nve armed deputlee prevented summary ven? geance being meted out to them be? fore the Selms troops reached here. The officers assert that they have mattere well in hund tonight. Last night Sam Shields, a relative of Tom Shields. om> of the four white men shot by Clint Montgomery yes? terday, reported that he overheard a number of negroes plotting a system? atic attack upon the whites. There was a large gathering of the negroes at a house near town, and Mr. Shields says they planned to go from house to houee In Magnolia applying the torch and killing the occupants a* they made effort to escape from the flames. Runners were eent out af? ter midnight conveying this informa? tion to the whites. It was learned that for several weeks past the ne? groes have been purchasing firearms, and this added color to the reports that they were planning a combined attack upon the whites. A visit was made today to the home of Dick Montgomery, father of the four brothers whoes acte led up to the present strained conditions, but he was not found. He Is promi? nent In negro secret societies, and the report spread this afternoon that be was rounding up members of his lodges In the outlying country for the purpose of making a determined attack upon the whites. Tonight a report reached hire that a white man had been shot and fa? tally wounded by negroes, but it could not be verified. The thirty-three negroes who to? night are held In a guarded store building here, will tomorrow be tak? en to the county Jail at Linden, oth? er arrests of negroes are expected to be made tonight. Negroes Urged to Seek Revenge. Magnolia, Ala.. Dec. 11.?A tele? phone message from Lamlson, six miles distant, tonight, was to the ef? fect that Arthur Cralg, a negro school teacher, has called upon mem? bers of his race to avenge the burn? ing of Clint Montgomery. The whites at Lainlson also are armed and ready for any untoward move on the part of the negroee. Many cltlsens of Lamlson were here today. ?hed April, 1S50. ?Be Just ai i._SUMT DR. COOK'S FINISH. COPENHAGEN UNIVERSITY DE CTjAHES HE DID NOT DIS? COVER POLE. Kxplorvr'h Friends Begin to Believe Tbet as the Scientists' Findings Assert, He Has Humbugged the Public in His Statements. Copenhagen, Dec. 21.?The report of the special committee of scientists which the University of Copenhagen appointed to scrutinise Dr. Frederick A. Cook's claims that he had discov? ered the North Pole, was submitted to the consistory of the university this morning. Indorsed by that body and given to the public. The report shatters completely, al? most contemptuously, the American explorer's title to such discovery and fills the officials and people of Den? mark with chagrin at the figure Den? mark Is made to assume in the eyes of the scientific world. The public was prepared for a verdict of "not proved" but did not expect its recent hero to be branded as an impostor. Many still cling to the belief that Cook acted In good faith, but har? bored a delusion. * Explorers and scientists almost unanimously have lost faith In Cook's honesty, while one of the warmest of his supporters, Knud Rasmussen, the explorer, helped to frame the report. The evening pa? pers attack Cook and severely re? proach him for hiding, which they re? gard as a sign of guilty conscience. The rector of the university, Dr. Salomonson, when asked as to the possibility of the university cancel? ling the degree which It conferred on Dr. Cook, said thst no deolston had been reached but he thought that the degree could ba withdrawn In the same way as a government could de? prive a person of an order obtained under false pretense. Commodore Gustav Holm, the Arc? tic explorer, a member of the com? mittee, said: "Cook's claim that he made the observation U9 degrees 59 minutes 4 3 seconds near the pole proved imme a was a. bad observer, 'H(Hestespsdsn^ftjJrfceiv9e'ts > e> swindler. Now his papers convict him of being a swindler. We exam? ined Cook's observations first, and agreed unanimously that they were worthless. Loose's observations were not used In the papers Cook submit? ted to the university." Prof. Olensen, secretary of the Denlsh Geographicr.l Society, said: "It Is the saddest event In my life. As an explorer there seems to be no doubt that Cook Is absolutely unre? liable. The committee appointed by the university to examine Cook's records recently presented its report to the consistory of the university which reviewed the deductions of the ex? perts with the greatest care and dis? cussed the findings from every stand? point That both the committee and the consistory were disappointed was soon known. The conslstoiw met today and adopted a wrlt?i report to the ef? fect that the afrtged records submit? ted for examination by Dr. Cook fail? ed to prove his claim that he had reached the North Pole. After ob? taining all available Information the committee finds as follows: First, the report of the expedition sent to the university by Dr. Cook is the same as that printed in the New York Herald during the months of September and October last. Second, the copy of Cook's note books does not contain any original astronomical observations whatso? ever but only results. Third, the documents presented are inexecusably lacking in informa? tion which would prove that the as? tronomical observation therein refer? red to were really made; and also contain no details regarding the practical work of trie expedition and the sledge Journey which would en? able the committee to determine their rltabillty. The committee therefore is of the opinion that the material transmit? ted for examination contains no. proof that Dr. Cook reached the pole. The report Is signed by all the members of the committee, which was composed of the following: Prof. Kills Htrongre, professor director of the astronomical observatory; Dr. C. F. Pechule, astronomer attached to the observatory; Gustav Holm, ex? plorer; Prof. A. B. Yonson, president of the school of navigation; Dr. Rey der, director of meteorological office, and Dr. F. A. Engstrom, director of the Lund observatory. The university council Issued this statement: "The documents handed the uni id Fear not-^Let all the ends Thon Ahr ER. S. 0M SATURD? ZEL?YA FORGES PUT TO ROUT. INSURGENT ARMY WINS A SIG? NAL VICTORY. News Recei ved In Washington of the Defeat of the Regular Army of Nicaragua by Gen. Estrada's Forces, and the Battle, It is Said Means the Beginning of the End. Washington. Dec 21.?Zelaya's troops were routed by the Nicara guan revolutionists today in a fierce battle at Rama, lasting several hours, according l;o advices received here this afternoon. Gen. Estrada, in command of the revolutionary army, Is reported to have been successful all along the line. The battle is to be renewed tomorrow, the advices de? clare, and the Estrada army will bend all efforts to compel the uncon? ditional surrender of the govern? ment forces. There is some doubt as to th ex? act extent of Estrada's success. From revolutionary sources the word Is sent that the victory over the Zela yan troops Is "complete." The State department has" received word from Thomas H. Moffatt, United States Consul at Bluefields, that Estrada had "partially routed and defeated the forces of Zelaya." It la agreed, how? ever, that the moral effect of such initial success on the part of the rev? olutionists can hardly be exaggerated. The first announcement of success of the Estrada arms came in a cable? gram to Dr. Castrillo, the represen? tative here of the Provisional govern? ment. It was signed "Diaz." Diaz is secretary of the State of the Pro? visional government. The cablegram said: "Complete victory Is ours. Ze? laya's troops are In retreat." Later the State department gave out the following message from Consul Mof? fatt from Colon: "Estrada forces at Tatumbla and Recreo, near Rama, commanded by Gen. Mena at the former place and Gens. Chamorro, Mattutl and Fernos Diaz, at the latter place, partially routed and defeated the forces of Ze? laya after desperate fighting for sev ral hours. The Zelayan forces were commanded by Gen. Gonzales. A graaiMmany ware kJAev*. tHs^unjbjjt* being unknown; 100 were* wounded and 160 prisoners were taken by the revolutionists. The Zelayan troops at Recreo have occupied what has been considered a strong position. Estra? da is confident of defeating the ene? my when he renews the attack to? morrow and of securing their surren? der." The clash between the two armies was not unexpected here. For days on end they have been lying practi? cally Idle in their trenches around Rama, skirmishes only marring the peace that brooded over that sec? tion. Estrada played a waiting game In the hope that the Zelayan com? manders would take the initiative and attempt the capture of his posi? tion, which was reported to be very strong. Furthermore, with the wan? ing of President Zelaya's star he ex? pected a large number of accessions from the Zelayan army. When Zelaya abdicated and prac? tically dictated the election of Dr. Madriz as his successor, Estrada, ac? cording to his diplomatic friends here, determined to strike. Accord? ingly he moved his army forward early today and took the field active? ly against his enemy. Dr. Castrillo and his friends look forward confi? dently to the receipt tomorrow of word of a complete victory and the beginning of the march of the victori? ous army on the capital. None of the officials of the State department tonight would discuss the reported victory of Estrada. It Is known, however, that the news was welcome. Had the Zelayan army won over Estrada, this government would have been in a somewhat em? barrassing position, having espoused openly the cause of the Provisional government. In Central American diplomatic circles the word brought joy, and there was a celebration tonight. The diplomats join in the prediction that this first victory is the "beginning of the end" of Zelayaism and the next step will be to force the retirement of Prsldent Madriz, on the ground that he is a tool of Zelaya and not the real choice of the country. versity for examination do not con? tain observations and information which can be regarded as proof that Dr. Cook reached the North Pole on his recent expedition." The public is unable to compre? hend why Cook sent his papers when he admits in the letter presented to Prof. Torp, former rector of the Uni? versity of Copenhagen, by his secre? tary, Walter Lonsdale, that "It seems unwise and Impossible to give final ? t is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an< lY. DECEMBER 25, ZIUTI'S WAN ELECTEbT FORMER JUSTICE BECOMES PRESIDENT OP NICARAGUA. Unanimous Choice of Zelaya's Friend Pleases Populace of '.Man? agua?-Congress Snubs American Meddlers. Managua, Dec. 20.?Dr. Jose Mad riz, former judge of Central Ameri? can court of Justice at Cartago and Zelaya's candidate, was today elected president of Nicaragua by the unani? mous vote of congress. The session was a stormy one but there seemed to be perfect unamlnlty with regard to the election of Madrlz and when the official announcement was made there were vociferous cheering and crle3 of "Viva Madriz!" "Viva Leon.' "Down with monoplies!" "Down with tyranny." "Long live the constitu? tion." Mr. Madriz will assume the presi? dency at 10 o'clock tomorrow. He Wat escorted to the house today and wus greeted by great crowds of peo? ple. He made a brief speech urging harmony and cooperation. He prom? ised that he would uphold the rights of the citizens, granting free elections andf establishing a policy of equal opportunities for all. At the afternoon session congress accepted the resignation of Dr. Mad? riz as judge of the Central American court and P. Anyuga Pardo was ap? pointed to succeed him. The committee which as the resig? nation of Zelaya in hand then recom? mended its acceptance and the form? ulating of an address of thanks to Zelaya for his services to Nicaragua. Following the adoption of this re? port the election of a successor was proceeded with, the nomination of Dr. Madriz being greeted with much enthusiasm. The strength of his following In the house was attested by the fact that on the call for a standing vote every member rose to his feet In the affirmative. FAILED TO DELIVER COTTON. Suit Begun by Savannah Against Co |> ^..lumbla Factor. , Columbia, Dec. 18.?A petition ?n bankruptcy of great interest to cot? ton factors and cotton growers, and which throws an Increasing side-light on the practice which has prevailed In this and other Southern States for the past several years of buying cot? ton off the farms for future delivery, has been filed against Mr. L. V. Dib? ble, a prominent Columbia factor, on behalf of Savannah factors and oth? ers, for failure to deliver cotton ot a price agreed upon. Barron, Moore & Barron represent the petitioners and their petition has gone to Char? leston to be filed in the Federal Court there. This action was taken after a meetng of the creditors here. Mr. Dibble offered to turn over his assets, but this offer appears to have been declined. It is understood that the liabilkies are about $75,000 and the assets something less than $25.000, though the exact figures could not be obtain? ed today. Mr. Dibble's troubles, It seems, are due to refusal on the part of many farmers who had contracted last win? ter and spring to deliver cotton, to come up with the cotton after they saw the price had advanced so sharp? ly, contending that they were not le? gally or morally bound by the agree? ment, inasmuch as, in their opinion, the transaction was a gambling one. Mr. Dibble was therefore unable to deliver to the firms he contracted with, and they having in turn sold, are now falling back on him for the difference. ? It is said that one man living in the lower part of the State, who is worth $50,000, has repudiated contracts he made with half a dozen cotton fac? tors. Calculating on making a good little margin, he agreed to deliver cot? ton this fall at prices ranging be? tween 9 and 12 cents. When the fall came on and the price went up he reneged. Mr. Dibble, it is understood, will turn over his contracts to his credi? tors, and an interesting line of suitl is expected to follow against South Carolina farmers and small mer? chants who agreed to deliver to Mr. Dibble. Mr. Dibble has many friends in Co? lumbia who hope that he will son be straightened out in his financial troubles. Florence has voted to Issue a bond Issue of $100,000 for sewerage and water works. judgment because of the absence of the Instruments and observations which I left at Etah." 1 Truth'*." THE TRTJ 1909 New 8er ASKS FOB INVESTIGATION. TAFT YIELDS TO DEMAND FOR INQUIRY INTO SECRETARY'S OFFICIAL ACTS. Inquiry To Be Made With All Publi? city?Examination of His Cabinet Of?cer's Record in Regard to Land Deals WU Be Thorough, It is Now Promised. Washington, Dec. 20.?President Taft today yielded to the demands of both Secretary Ballinger and his crit? ics for a public investigation of the whole subject matter underlying the' so-called Ballinger-Pinchot contro? versy. Mr. Ballinger this afternoon served upon the president virtually an ul? timatum to the effect that such an investigation was indeed the price of his remaining in the cabinet. He made it clear to the president that he is no longer willing to sit silent and wait for the thing to "blow over." Mr. Taft, it is said, admitted the disappointment of his hope that the country at large would accept as fin? al his own vindication of Mr. Ballin ger in his dismissal of the charges brought before him against the sec? retary of the interior by L. E. Glavls, the former special agent of the land office, and his conclusion that the in? vestigation demanded by both sides in this matter was inevitable. Mr. Balllnger's attitude in this matter has the support of leading Republicans in both branches of congress, senators and representa? tives who feel thai entirely apart from the merits of the controversy Itself, a festering sore of this charac? ter must poison th?: whole system of the party In power, and that It is high time to resort to the lance. The leaders, determined that a cleansing of this wound is necessary, have not hesitated to go to the White House and Impress their views upon Mr. Taft. Conference of a confidential char? acter, In which members of the cab? inet, party leaders In both houses of congress and the president himself have participated, have been held at various times during the past few days. They culminated todayshsti Secretary Balllnger, Attorney Gen? eral WMckersham and Postmaster General Hitchcock met in Mr. 'Wick ersham's office and proceeded thence to the White House, where the mat? ter was mid before the president. Mr. Balinger told the president, It Is said, that the situation had become intolerable to him and that, though the constant charges against him had come from irresponsible persons, he could not longer sit supinely by, arid in justice to himself he felt com? pelled to Insist upon an investigation. DOUBLE TRACK WORK BEGUN. Coast Line Improvement Starts At Florence. Florence, Dec. 18.?The Atlantic Coast Line Railway Company has let the contract for double-tracking their main line from Florence to Pee-Dee River trestle, a distance of twelve miles and the contractors, Messrs. Phillips and Alsport, of Richmond, Va., have aready begun work with a large gang of foremen and laborers. They are now working near Wilson, on the Pee Dee end and will push this work with all possible dispatch. Messrs. Phillips and Alsport wer?? the contractors who had the concrete work on the new Pee Dee trestle and they have completed their job and are moving a part of their forces to the Cheraw and Darlington Road, at Thompson Creek, one mile south of Cheraw, where they will put in con? crete piers, and steel girders across that swamp. This is on the main line of the new route to Cincinnati and the west over the Coast Line and the Norfolk and Western roads. Holmes Robertson, a young white man of Chester county, who was ac c Mentally shot by Bob Burns, col? ored on Thanksgiving day, is dead as a result of the wound. DISPENSARY SALES LAST MONTH ?_ Totals For Twenty-One Counties Amount to $252.837.87. Columbia, Dec. 19.?According to a statement by Dispensary Auditor West the total sales by the dispen? saries In twenty-one counties for the fionth of November was $252.837.87, breakage $1,240.07 and operating ex? penses $12,427.69. Fifteen of the counties closed on November 15, and the statement only refers to the sales for half the month. There were no sales In Hampton county. No reports have as yet been received from Bam? berg and Kershaw. Lib. S 0 Univ. 'iflJ^eplO E SOUTHRON, Established June, 1*44 ie*-Vol XXX. No. 35. HOSPITAL NEEDS 3600,010. SENATOR CHRISTENSEN SPEAKS OF COMMITTEE'S REPORT. Six Hundred Thousand IXdlars Mini? mum Amount Required to Rem edy Intolerable Conditions in In? stitution. Charleston, Dec. 20?Senator Niels Chrls*ensen of Beaufort, was in Charleston today, and as chairman of the joint legislative committee ap? pointed to investigate the State Hos? pital for the Insane at Columbia, he said that the investigation has been concludeded and the committee Is now formulating its report for sub? mission to the general assembly. "The testimony taken before the committee," said Senator Christen? sen, "is being printed and will be available in a few days. Any mem? ber of the legislature and any news? paper interested may have a copy by sending a request to a member o:! the committee. The most important matter to be considered at the com? ing session of the legisature is the report of the committee that has Investigated the State Hospital for the Insane. Unfortunately, the re? port will not be ready for two or three weeks. It will contain several special reports by experts which are not yet prepared. These together with facts gathered by the commit? tee from personal examination of physical cond Ions and records here and elsewhere are perhaps more Im? portant than the testimony of wit? nesses referred tow But it would be advisable for legislators and the peo? ple generally to acquaint themselves with their testimony which throws a flood of light on the deplorable con? ditions that are general throughout our State Hospital for the Insane. "It is going to take several hun? dred thousand dollars to put this in? stitution In reasonably good condi? tion. Estimates have not been made yet, but the total necessary is not likely to be under $600,000. That is a minimum. There can be no duobi that If the facts become known thh or a larger sum, if it be found necei sary, will be voted. But there 1nng*Mt that th* facts will tnol -*Vo-' come thoroughly understood in time for the people to make their wishes felt at this session. Up to this time the facts have been minimized by certain news agencies and in only a few instances have the newspapers given anything like a full and accu? rate account of the testimony. So, I want to suggest to the press gen? erally that they get thi testimony and read it for themselves. "While it would be very unfortu? nate to allow such an investigation as this to become an attack on in? dividuals, there will also be a lamen? table outcome if a desire to shield in? dividuals, should result in covering up conditions. We are here dealing with matters of life and ceath. There is no question that the death rate at this institution is abnormally high and the recovery rate abnormally low, owing to shocking unsanitary conditions, poor equipment, a lack of proper treatment and lax methods throughout all branches of the Insti? tution that are deplorable. It Is pain? ful to make these general criticisms, for there are many faithful workers at this hospital struggling with con? ditions that only their superors can remedy and they are as anxious as any to see them remedied. The re? port will make these details clear. "Meanwhile every family in this State that is peculiarly interested In the hospital should demand that all the facts be known and proper means taken to remedy the evils. None of us can afford to Ignore the needs of these unfortunates, whose condition is now a disgrace to our State. We have the opportunity to step into the first rank in our care of the insane, and the people are sure to take it if they are giVOB the facts." FOUGHT OVER FATHER'S GRAVE. Two Kichlaml Men Engage in Com? bat WlUle Placing Tombstone. Columbia, Dec. 17.?'James Powers was strucl down, it is alleged, yester? day morning over the grave of his father as a result of a fight with a man named Will Augthry, assisting him in placing a tombstone to the grave. Aughtry is In the Richland county jail tonight on a charge of as? sault and battery. The dispute arose over the placing of the tombstone. Both narties are white. The affair occurred in the county, and news of It reached Columbia only tonight. -5$ Mlsg Clifton Lovelace, a pretty 16 year-old girl of Greenville, Is missing from her home.