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LETTERS FROM OTJR SPE? CIAL CORRESPONDENTS. of hUrMi Prom ?11 Parts of and Adjoining Counties. NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Moil your Isttsrs so that they will this office not lstsr than Mon whcn Intended for Wednesday's and not Inter than Thursday Jttr Saturday's Issue. This, of course, applies only to regulsr correspond In ease of Items of unusual ?slue, send In Immediately by telephone or telegraph. Such as we atorfee are acceptable up to the at going to press. Wednesday's ta printed Tuesday afternoon Batardsy's papsr Friday after WISACKT. cky. Jan. IS.?We have begun the new year with very few changes, t of our cltlsens white and col appear to be content w th their surroundings, and everything Is mov? ing on smoothly as usual. The farm are seem very hopeful and have gone to work making preparation* for an? other crop. Cotton stalk choppers and two horse plows are In evidence on every side. Our oldest cltlsens have never ex? perienced such remarkable seasons, as ws have had. Wells ai.d ditches dry at this time of year. Mill ponds eo low that It la difficult to get corn ground. Excellent weather for cur* J tng meat, and lots of It hna been stored awsy for iuture use. Those who have been able to do so are for? tunate, when we consider the prices of hog products. And I trust that those farmers who have failed to provide these necessaries of life and are deprived of these luxuries, will profit by this experience In the fu? ture. Potatoes have kept well and it waa hardly necessary to cover with earth where a plenty of straw was ased. This It a cheap and easy crop to make, as well as profitable, being an excellent feed for stock and al? ways finds a ready market. Mr. R. M. Cooper has added a large hall to hie temporary residence where he entertained quite a "houne party" during the Christmas holidays, con? tributing greatly to the pleasure of the young folks. There hss been quite a number sick with lagrippe and sore eyes, but 1 am glad to report most of them are better. Mr. Willie McLeod, who has had a h>ng spell of fever Is convalesing and with no relapse will soon be up again. Mr. A. F. Cooper has been sick for some time but Is Improving. Mr. Willie McCutchen will socn put up a new saw mill in easy reach of us snd will add a ginnery rext lall, which will tend to add o^w lift to our little town. Our farmers have awakened to the Importance of better drainage for Jhetr lands, and numbers a having their old ditches cleaned out, and deepened and new ditches *ug, which 1 consider a Ane Investment I have been Informed that our banr* are flushed with money and there Is very little demand for It. That the depositors exceed the num? ber of borrowers, and the bankers are concerned to know what to do with the money. I hope these things are so. if true. It Is a good Indien, lion of prosperity. I congratulate you on the excellent paper you send as and hope this may be your most successful year In Journal! *m. Of It Sl'MMKHTOX LETTER. Year Change*?New Church to Be B?1h? Death of Mrs. II. It Rkhartbtrm, Jr?S<x*iety Items. Summerton. Jan.' 17.?The New Tear has now progressed fur enough to permit of some definite announce? ments as to business changes and real estate transfers. Mr. J. D. Hut ledge who will farm on the place just vacated by Mr A. Plumer Burgess another year, has sold his own farm to Mr. J. M Wuodley now of Dalzell, S. C Mr. Woodley has made several visits to the community looking to? ward his Immediate move here. It Is his Intention if possible to procura a residence In town, and we hope that we will soon have him on our list of citizens. Mr. Murray Fischer, a son of Mr. L T. Fischer of this place, has ac? cepted a position with the Capers St Co.'m drug store as prescription clerk. Mr. Fischer took a '''?ggf?* In Phar? macy at thn South ('aBBl'ia Medical College some years ago. It Is the Intention and hope of the Methodist congregation of this place to begin the erection of a new church early In this year. They have been working toward this for some time and we would he glad to see their efforts so soon crowned. The four Protestant churches rep inted here, have all taken steps to ird sending delegates to the Lay? m's Missionary meeting In Colum? bia this week, and It Is expected that each will have at least one represen? tative from the laity besides those of the ministers who are able to at? tend. The news of the death of V.rs. Henry B. Richardson, Jr., of thia community was received here yester? day morning. Mrs. Richardson had been ill for about four weeks, having latelj developed typhoid fever; her condition on Saturday night was con? sidered favorable and her death re. suited from sudden complications. ! The funeral services will be held at the Richardson family burying ground at the "Sand Hills" this after noon at 2 o'clock. Mrs. Richardson was Lou Dingle of Charleston, S. C. a sis er of Mrs. Jno. R. Dingle of this plac?. Mrs. Richardson Is survived by hor husband and three boys. Mrs. Tradewell Dingle, who since her recent Illness has been with her sister, Mrs. Ellison Capers in town, returned today to her home a few miles from town. We are glad to hear of her recovery. On Friday evening at the home of Mrs. J. A. James, the ladies of th" Matron's Book Club gave an enter talnment complimentary to their hus? bands. The club Is to be congratu? lated upon the selection of the fea? ture? of entertainment for the even? ing. First a spelling class composed of the gentlemen only was conducted by \ts. O. C. Scarborough which af? forded considerable embarrassment to them and untold enjoyment to their more fortunate wives. Next, they were given Cocoa-Cola bottles, crepe paper, and needle and thread and tequested to dress "a doll"; the honrrs in these two contests were taken as follows: For spelling best, Mr. J. M. Plowden, for making the most artistic dresses Messrs. J. Fred Lanbam, H. Augustus Rlchbourg, W H. Anderson and Capt. J. A. James. Thereafter, the guests were Invited Into the dining room where Misses Mildred James and Lucy Mood serv? ed a salad course with coffee and then nmbrosla with cake. The pleas? ures of the evening were all to be de sired, and It Is unanimously conceded that the Matron's Book Club deserve a place among the first in social rank Mr. W. D. Frteraon Is spending the day in town. Mr. H. J. White, former postmas ter at this place, and now traveling for some Northern stationers, tpent a day or two in town last week. Mr. J. M. Woodley and son of Sum ter spent a few days in town last week. Mr. R. B. Belser of Sumter, made a business trip here last week. KV1 ORY BODY CAN HELP SAVE A CHILD. The Child-Rescue Plans Now so Per. ' feet That All Can Help. Home-finding is a kind of philan? thropy that is doubly blessed. Child? ren are provided for and homes are made happy by their presence, says a writer in The Delineator for Januarv. And remember that the lives of men and women are purified and incited to nobler living from a sense of obli? gation to exemplify the virtues they seek for or desire In the children placed In their charge. To the wealthy It offers the noblest of all schemes of practical bent-li? cence?a means whereby they may dry the tears of the children, secure pro? tection for the oppresssed, home life and sympathy for the homeless, and a fall opportunity for every child to ent?r upon a happy and successful career. To municipal councils It pre? sents a strong plea for aid In the real and permanent economy of the work ?rescuing, as It does, the young from the possibility of a wasted, vic? ious and criminal career, and making honest. Intelligent and Industrlcu? citizens. Hut there Is no Individual so hum? ble that he can not help along the Child-Rescue cause as It is* being furthered by The Delineator of New York. Here are suggestions for all. 1. The beautiful certificate of membership (sent free on applica? tion) should be found hanging on the walls of members' homes or of? fices, giving many an opportunity to explain to others how The Delineator seeks to find a mother for every motherless child. ::. The booklet "Where 100.000 Children Wait." with its beautiful Il? lustrations, tells the story of the "Child! without a Mother's Love and rare," and can be Obtained from The Delineator office upon request. I, Members should copy Into a scrap-book some of the following sentence thoughts from the pen Of Mabel Potter Dnggett. the author of th.? article "Where 100,000 Children Wilt": ?In 1,241 orphan Institutions throughout the United States then ar ? 100,000 motherless children'" "There are over 40,000 motherless eblldren In the States of New York and Pennsylvania alone." I Appropriate Opportunities would be afforded for reading brief extracts from POO! serap-book to personal friends, and at small gatherings con? nected with churches and lodges.. Again, senator Aidrich's decision t i seek a re-election In Rhodo Island may be duo to the fact that the Ad? ministration Is relying so heavily upon him.?Kansas City Times. LEGISLATURE jl WORK. MOVE TO HAVE CLEMSON COL LEGE INVESTIGATED. Bill Introduced to Appoint Investiga? ting Committee With Extraordi? nary Powers and Clemson Will Pay The BUI?Other Matters of Inter? est. Columbia. Jan. 14.?Representative Browning Introduced a bill today providing for a Joint committee of seven to Investigate the affairs of Clemson College. The bill is pattern? ed after the dispensary investigation act giving the committee the powers of a court. The members are to be paid a per diem of $5 and mileage and are allowed a marshall and sten? ographers. The expense of the in? vestigation will be met by the col? lege. * In the house today Mr. Cothran's bill providing for kindergartens in the mill districts was killed by the friends of the country schools on the third reading. All other third read? ing bills were passsed. Mr. Dick's bill preventing public school trustees from employing rela? tives as teachers was passed to a third reading. Mr. K. P. Smith s bill requiring transfers of mortgages to be record? ed was killed. Mr. Ashley's bill to pension certain women was ruled not to be properly on the calendar. The house killed the bill raising the Judges' salaries. The house adjurned over till Mon? day. Senators Graydon and Sullivan seem determined to take care c" the children. The former has In a olll making It a misdemeanor for a school teacher to wnip a child, and Senator Sullivan had one on kidnap? ping. Columbia, Jan. 15.?The Senate had a busy session this morning dur? ing which It passed the Carlisle bill forbidding children under sixteen years old working In cotton mills at night. The bill was amended so as to allow women to work at night. The Senate also passed the Carlisle bill requiring hotels to provide fire escapes. It refused to kill Mr. Harmon's bill forbidding the sale of any but safety matches and debate was ad? journed. Mr. Carlisle introduced a bill of great importance to renters of cheap property to negroes, particularly, as it abolishes distressing for rents. Columbia, Jan. 17.?The house got through four pages of the calandar and then got into a tangle over whether to meet tonight or to go to the laymen's meeting. Finally the latter won. The following bills were given a second reading: Mr. Dixon's bill reducing the maxi mum passenger fare to two and a half cents; Mr. Ashley's bill requiring that fertilizers be labeled with brand show'ng what kind of ammonia is used, bill requiring Insurance com? panies to pay 10 per cent, attorney's fees in case of suit; Mr. Dixon's re? quiring railroad commission to look after interstate freight rates; Mr. Coker's bill requiring electric head? lights on locomotive engines; Mr. Hall's bill requiring mortgages given in other States to be recorded in this State; Mr. Sawyer's bill giving solici? tors four dollars per diem while working for the legislature. The house adopted the resolution Introduced by Mr. M. L. Smith to visit Citadel on Jan. 26th. The most important bill passed at this session was Mr. Bowman's today making the violation of a farm lease by either tenant or landlord a mis? demeanor. The Federal court knock? ed out the former law on the ground of peonage. LEE'S BIRTHDAY RECOGNIZED Newport News C ustom House t? be Closed on January 19. Washington, Jan. 14.?Official rec? ognition in a limited way of the birthday Of Oen. Robert E. Lee, is to be given by the treasury depart? ment. The anniversary of the birth Of the famous Confederate soldier fj.Ms on January 19, and the collector Of customs at Newport News, Va.. has been authorized to close his of? fice on that day for as long a time as public business will permit. The hon? or paid Oen, Lee's memory is an unusual one, as rarely, if ever, it happens that I public office is closed on the occasion of the celebration of blrthdayi Of noted Americans, ex? empt, of course, where regular legal holidays provide for It. GARLINGTON SENTENCED. Columbia, Jan. 16.?The motion for a new trial forGarllngton and Toung in the Bemlnole oaae was refused by Judge Prime, and Garllngton was sentenced to three years and Young to one year In the penitentiary. They were sent back to Jail pending un application for bail. TAFT SEEKS PARTY HARMONY. SPIRIT OF CONCILIATION FELT IX WASHINGTON. President's Admonition to Republi? cans in Congress to Quit Quarrel? ing and Go to Work Appears to Have Hecn Heeded?Insurgents May Fight Speaker, But Not Party Measures. _ I Washington, Jan. 13.?Following President Tafts advice to the Re? publicans in Congress yesterday to "stop quarreling and get down to the party legislative programme as quickly as possible," there were con? crete evidences today of a definite at? tempt to bring the warring factions together upon some basis of at least a temporary understanding. There seemed for the first time this season to be a spirit of conciliation in the air and decidedly less of the bitter? ness of the past few weeks. President Taft let it be known that he still considers all of the Insurgents as Republicans. Speaker Cannon an? nounced that all Republicans would be Invited to the caucus on naming the Balllnger-Plnchot committee next week and he hoped all would attend. Representatives Hayes, of California, one of the leading insurgents made two trips to the White House as a result of which he announced that attempts to adjust matters were un? der way. In his talks with Representative Hayes and other callers today the President said that he was not with? holding patronage from any Repub? lican Senator or member of Congress because of votes cs?t against Speaker Cannon, against the rules of the House or against the Payne-Aldrlch tariff bill. If, however, there are any among the insurgents who intend to carry their fight against the Speaker and against the rules to the extent of op? posing purely Administration and party measures, to which the party is pledged, the President will no longer regard them as Republicans, but as having clearly arrayed themselves against the party. Under these cir" cumstances he declares, he would not be justified in recognizing any cbjims for patronage from Senators and Representatives, who would use the very patronages given them as am? munition against the party. Mr. Taft Is said to be satisfied with the way matters are progressing and he has reecived many personal assur? ances that most of the so-called In? surgents will support the Administra? tion measures. ' PLAN GIANT CORPORATION. Makers of Women's Wearing Appa? rel May Form $300.000,000 Com? pany. New York, Jan. 15.?A corporation capitalized at $300.000,000 to control everything pertaining to the manu? facture of women's wearing apparel, Is under consideration by the Asso? ciated Waist and Dress Manufactur? ers. According to the secretary of the association, articles of incorporation will be filed in Albany within the next few days. B. P. Hyman, president of the exe? cutive committee of the association and the originator of the project, said tonight, after a conference of the manufacturers that the Idea commends itself to manufacturers and dealei'3 in the South with whom he has talk? ed, as well as to many of the larger woollen manufacturers in New Erg land. "This Is not the formation of a trust," said Mr. Hyman. "Nor is it i v beding t'.i ? dipper on or the fau aimed at labor organizations. On the contrary it will mean a great benefit, not only of the industries concerned, but to the workers in better wages and improved conditions, the workers in better wages and im? proved conditions. "We plan to obtain control of ev? erything from the raw material to the finished product, and In time we expect our organization to spread to other countries." IMPORTANT TO SHIPPERS. Intcr_State Commerce Commission Lays Down Rules in Respect to Marking Packages for Shipment. "The Interstate Commerce Com? mission in a recent decision says the rule of transportation companies that unless each package in a shipment be "plainly and indelllbly marked so as to show the name of the consignee and the details of their destination, they will not be received for trans? portation." The Commission further says "It Is the undoubted right of a carrier to decline to receive for transportation any merchandise not so marked. As a practical matter shippers in their own Interest ought to mark their packages plainly, and carriers ought not to be compelled to accept shipments not so marked." A bushel of grain will make foul and one-half gallons of spirits or 27 gallons of beer. COTTON CORNER FAILS. BOTTOM DROPPED OUT OF THE MARKET. Over Speculation Proved the Ruin of a Promising Rull Campaign?Scales Of Texas Crowded Out by Decline In Prices. Xew York, Jan. 14.?The big bull campaign in c" >n definitely collap? sed today, with .ne most spectacu? lar perpendicular decline seen In a week of erratic recessions. Reports had It that the position of the lead? ing Southern bull has been complete? ly undermined by the continued liquidation whi h has been in prog? ress since early In the year. At the low point today New York contracts showed a decline of from $5.20 to $5.60 a bale from the closing prices of the night previous, which was a break of from $6.10 to $6.50 a bale from the high figures of the day, and of $13.35 to $14.25 a bale from the .high point of the season. May con? tracts touched 13.70 late in the after? noon. At the height of the bull cam? paign It was estimated that E. G. Scales of Texas, the leader, has accu? mulated paper profits of $10,000,000 for the season. His heaviest holdings were in May cotton and he and his friends were generally believed at one time to con? trol contracts calling for the delivery of fully 1,000,000 bales during that month. The situation had developed before the beginning of the decline into a threat of the greatest squeeze of shorts recorded In the history of the exchange, but the bulls who follow? ed Mr. Scales lead without enlisting in his party, decided the time was ripe for a bear raid. One after an? other the big accounts began to come Into the market. The Scales party was said to have its cotton margined down to 10 cents a pound and it was confidently asserted that Its members would never abandon their position. The fact, however, proved that the continued pressure was too heavy. Today it was announced that Mr. Scales had transferred his holding to the large bear Interests. Smaller ope? rators were hard nipped but it is be? lieved the larger Lulls liquidated above their average buying price for the season. As soon as the news spread that an agreement had been reached between the conflicting interests, the market received aggressive support, closing at from 20 to 3 0 points from the low marks today. A much better feeling prevails in the trade tonlgit and it is thought c quieter market may be expected for the coming week. After the official close May con? tracts changed hands at 14.10 com? pared with 13 70, the low point of the day. Cause of the Break. Xew York, Jan. 14.?The bull cot? ton speculation during the past week has met with a sort of Sedan. The debacle was brought about by over speculation. An advance of about 7 cents In a year with little reaction evidently called for a setback. Hav? ing reached the neighborhood of 16 1-2 cents, the price has swung back nearly 2 cents, which is less than one third of the rise within 12 months. However this nay be, the market had got to a point where prices required constant support from big men. When they withdrew the market prices cames down with a crash. The de? cline was brought about, too, not only by' selling of small traders all over the country, but also by the liq? uidation of men who have been prom? inent on the bull side for a year past. The policy of passive resistance to the rise of prices on the part of span? ners produced an undeniable effect, Curtailment of production has been widepspread. Finally the outside public became nervous over the In? ability of bull leaders to force prices higher and It was this outside selling which precipitated the decline. The bull leaders maintain that the pendu? lum Is now swinging to the other ex? treme and that a sharp upward turn is liable to occur at any time. The glnners' figures published dur? ing the week were generally regarded as bullish and the advocates of higer prices still contend that there Is a great gulf between the size of the ac? tual crop this year and the probable consumption. The disparity between the two Is estimated at 3,00,000 bales. Latterly spot cotton markets have shown greater strength than had been ex? pected. Reports would seem to indi? cate that the cotton goods business Is gradually Improving. The outlook for general trade in this country In 1910 is considered favorable. On the other hand speculation has received so severe a Mow that it is not ex? pected Immediately to recover. The talk is growing louder and louder of an Impending big acreage with a record-breaking crop during the com? ing season. Today there was an other sensational break on weakness in the stock market, bear hammering ami heavy liquidation, Diamond cut diamond.?J >hn Ford. GARLINGTON THE BOAT. SEMINOLE PROMOTER FOUND GUILTY BY RICH LAND JURY. The Jury Was Out Eight Hours and Roth Garlington and Young Spent liast Night in Jail?The Trustees Whose Names and Influence Lured Hundreds Into the Trap Not Eren Indicted. Columbia, Jan. 15.?John Y. Gar? lington and Jas. Stobo Young were last night adjudged guilty on a charge of breach of t*ust with fraud? ulent intention This was the fourth count, of an indictment that charged "conspiracy, breach of trust with fraudulent in? tention of stock, larceny of stock, breach of trust with fraudulent Inten? tion of money and larceny of money." The fourth count on which the jury returr.-d a verdict of guilty al? leges breach of trust of money of the Seminole Securities Company amount? ing to $55,596.77. The jury agreed upon a verdict about 10 o'clock, after spending eight hours in the jury room. The judge, court officials and defendants were summoned and the verdict was read about 11 o'clock. The two defend? ants received the verdict without show of surprise, and a motion for a new trial was at once entered by counsel for the defense. The judge asked when thi.j motion could be argued and attorneys for the defense said they would like tc con? fer with their senior counsel before arguing the motion. Judge Prince j then announced that the motion L would be argued today, and refused the request of the defense that the I bond given for the defendants' anpear I ance during the trial be held good pending sentence, and the two defen** j dants were remanded to jail shortly after the verdict was read. I In the words of the indictment the fourth count says: "That John Y. Garllngton and Jas. J Stobo Young, late of the county and I State aforesaid, on the 15th day of I January, in the year of our Lord one I thousand nine hundred and eight j with force and arms at Columbia I court house, in the county of Rich land and in the State of South Car 1 olina, $55,596 in money lawful cur I rency of the United States of Ameri I ca, of the value of $55,596, and of denomination and Issue to the Jurors I aforesaid unknown, of the property of Seminole Securities company, a I corporation duly incorporated under j the laws of the State of South Car I olina, then and ther; being found fe I loniously did steal, take and carry I away against the form of the statute I in such case made and provided and I against the peace and dignity of the State" j The allegation in the count is that J John Y. Garlington, as president of I the Seminole Securities company us I ed various amounts from the funds j aggregating $55,59<>.77. The checks j signed for the various sums were I signed by J. S. Young. When Chas. |H. Hiely, an expert accountant. 1 made an auditing of the books of the I Seminole Securities company he * J found the various sums charged to ?I Garlington and called his attention I to It. Garlington then showed him that he held 75,000 shares of the Seminole Security company stock and Heily charged the $50,000 drawn I against this stock, leaving some $24,000, that the Seminole campany, . I according to audit, are still indebted j to Garlington, provided Garllngton j really owned the stock. The members of the jury who I rendered the verdict are: A. C. Kin> ard, forman; Geo. B. Reaves, G. M. Dickart, T. E. Shjealey, J. S Bowers, J. H. Haitchcock, E. J. Vincent, H. E. Brims. Wade A. LeGrande, Chas. Grimsley, D. T. Ready, W. D. Jor I dan. CHANDLER'S SLAYER FREE. Trial at Panama of Man Who Killed Editor. Formerly of Wlnnsboro, Results in Acquittal. Panama, Jan. 14.?Gen. Herbert Jeffries, who last August struck Wil? liam Nichols Chandler, editor of the Panama Press, on the head with a large revolver, from the effects of which Chandler died, was tried today and acquitted of the charge of mur? der The killing was the result of an article printed In the newspaper reflecting upon one of Gen. Jeffries* women relatives. Gen. Jeffries Is a graduate of West Point and has been prominent in nearly every revolution for many years past in Central America. Chandler hailed from Wlnnsbopj. S. C. With man, most of his misfortunes are occasioned by man.?Pliny. It Is rumored that Secretary Kite* is thinking seriously of peOOgnttlng Congressional insurgents.?New York Bv< ning Post. A general in the revolutionary army of Nicaragua is paid 20 cents a day, and Is considered well worth the money.?New York Mail.