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CocMilldated Aug. 2.188
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WAY OF GRADING COTTON.
bit In Front of Speaker
Wausdngton. January SI.?Just In
front of Speaker Cannon's deak In
Use House of Repr?sentatives Is an
abject lesson exhlbP. that is not only
of Interest, but also of extreme
value te many lines of Industry
threswewat the country. This exhibit
F shown Isssr the work of establish!
trades of cotton authorised
by the Burleson amendment to the
Act of 1101 haa been oomplsted. By
the terms of this Act the Secretary
of Agriculture was directed to fix
standard* for the nine grades of cot?
s', ton. as follows: Middling fair, strict
good middling, good middling, strict
middling, middling, strict low mid?
dling, low middling, strict good ordi?
nary, and good ordinary. After care?
ful stud" on the subject, the Secre?
tary decided to call to his assistance
committee of gentlemen represent?
ing all the elements of the cotton
trade the growers, the glnners, the
commission mtrchants. and the spin?
ners, and this committee a--, finely con?
stituted was composed as follows:
Joseph A. Alrey. New Orleans:
^James Akers, Atlanta. Oa: F. W.
Crump. Memphis. Tenn; C. P. Bak?
er, Beaton. Lewis W. Parksr. South
m%m3 Martin, Paria Tsxas;
it, Boston; George W.
R. 1* Bennett of the dep irt
nseat of agriculture. The committee
eras assisted by the following expert
cotton classifiers: W. P. Barbot. New
York, Jules Maserat, New Orleans:
J. R. Taylor, of Dallas. Texas.
As the result of their deliberations
mm number of sets of samples were
made up and these are now on exhi?
bition before Congress. The small box
just in front of the Speaker's table
Illustrates thf size of the commercial
samples wtilch have heretofore been
tend are at the present time being
sVised In the eotton business. The
samples In the large boxes are those
that have been prepared by the de?
partment and by the committee of ex?
perts. In the full set there Is one box
showing a sample for each of the
nlns grsdes provided in the law. The
-samples which appear In the boxes
Won the table represent the highest
grade, the lowest grade, and the
middling cotton. There are photo?
graphs of the packages on the lids of
the boxes. These photographs are
made so that In case the cotton
should discolor or there should be
trash accldently thrown over It In
the course of use the change would
be detected by comparison with the
photograph. The law provides that
these sets of samples may be supplied
by the depsrtment at actual cost to
.any one who desires to purchase
pthrm Secretary Wilson thinks that
ths demanda upon him at the present
time Indicate not lese than 1,000 sets
will be called for during the year,
and It Is to enable him to procure
these ssts that the committee on
l agriculture In ths House asked for
fc^an Increase of $25.000 In the apro
prtatlon. The law provides that those
purchasing the samples shall pay the
actual cost. As nearly as the experts
In the depsrtment can figure out a
set coats $16. It Is believed that If 1.
000 sets are msde up the cost will be
) reduced to f 15. a set.
The expectation Is that these sets
of samples will be purchased snd
need chiefly by commission mer?
chants and the exchanges, and by
agricultural colleges, farmer's asso
Klatlons, and other organisations, so
hat ths individual farmer will not
find It necessary to buy them, but
' will be snsbled to use them as he
uses ths scales now to weigh his cot?
ton after It has been claased.
There Is little doubt that because
of the esse In classing cotton this
..way this method will be adopted
p\hortly not only In th? t'nlted States,
bat in foreign countries also. There
l? no '.Mlxatlon. however, on the part
of any one to use the samfple boxes
ualesss It Is desired to do so.
lined April, 1866.
'Be Joet an
HOSTILE 10 COLLEGES.
Many Mr mourn of Legislature Dls
play Decided Enmity.
Statement Made That Legislature
Mould Abolish All Scholarships In
state College? If Opportunity Of?
fered?Senator Tillman la Not Pop?
Columbia. Feb. 3.?"If a bill were
lrtroduoed In this house abolishing
every free scholarship In every state
Institution of the state, It would go
through like a flash," was the remark
o' a prominent and intlentlal member
o:' the house upon the refusal of the
h >use to Increaee the scholarships in
the University. This is another ex?
pression of the hostility commented
upon frequently In thU correspond?
ent by the representatives of the
rr asses of the people towards the ex
t? nsion of aid for higher education.
The bitterness Is growing more
n arked and decided in proportion as
the people are accepting the idea
that education should be carried to
the masses In the doses that they need
for the conduct of every day affairs.
There Is no use to argue that without
the Institutions of higher learning
there would be no way for the equip?
ment of teachers. The popular de?
mand is to take all the money that
can be raised by the state for educat?
ion and give it to the common schools.
The feeling that rich men's sons and
daughters sec ???re the scholarships in
the state institutions Is the very gall
of bitterness to the masses. They re?
sent it. and It is unless to point out to
those very members who make the
greatest objection on that ground
that they perjure, themselves every
time that they sign a paper making
It possible for children of rich parents
to get the scholarships, and that they
could not get them without the per?
jury of the delegation and the county
officers, they insist that they need
more law, law which they, themselves
cannot get around. This leaves things
In a rather hopeless muddle, and
emphasises the necessity for a recast
Lof the entire educational laws, and
the creation of a general education?
al In the state which shall
provide for every community the
school that ?t ought to have and the
harmonising of the interests of the
common school ?.y*tem with the
eyeWPvS ot higher education. If this
is irorewn done the higher education
Institutions are going to be wiped
It was very gratifying to the
friends of education that the bill to
provide for a commission to revise
tre la^s went through so easily
yesterday, but it is by no means safe
The committee on education has
had several long conferences on the
high school law, and the sentiment of
that committee is that the intention
of the law to restrict these high
schools to rural communities has
been defeated by the state board, and
they will endeavor this year to fence
the proposition In with stronger de?
fenses which cannot be so easily got?
ten around. The purpose is the de?
velopment of the rural communities
for the good of the state, not for sup?
plying a bonus for the towns and
cities of the state.
There are two educational laws
clo e together on tne calendar, and
about to come up If that everlasting
liquor question does not take up all
of the time of the house, one is the
much talked of and widely demanded
compulsory education law and the
other relates to the systematizing of
the examinations for teachers. With
an hour s more time in the house
yesterday morning compulsory ed?
ucation would have been right in the
forefront, everything is side tracked,
however, for the liquor question.
Some men who are advocating the
prohibition bill this year openly as?
sert that it will be the only way in
which they can secure the high
license law for the state and they
will therefore do all that they can
to continue the process of upsetting
the law until they get what tin y
While the case In court has not
affected the sentiments of the mem?
bers of the general assembly towards
Senator Tillman. it was really pitiable
to note the difference of feeling to
I wards him in the hou^e. When he
came in yesterday he was less noticed
than many an ordinary visitor would
have been, and the indisposition of
the members to invite him to address
them was manifest. He was invited
to address the house and he showed
excellent taste in doing no more than
to thank the members for their
courtesy. The author of the concur?
rent resolution even protested thnt
the resolution was not his, but he
did not want to see th<- house insult
id Fear not?Let all the ends Thou A.n
::er. s. a, saturi
STATE'S RIGHTS INVOLVED.
STATE AN? FEDERAL COURTS
CLASH IN GEORGIA.
8 tote Prohibition Law and Federal
Revenue Regulations In Conflict
and Interesting Situation Results?
Judge Fite Criticises Federal Judge
Trenton, Ga., Feb. 2.?Deciding to
personally look after the State's inter?
ests in his fight to close the Cureton
distillery at Rising Fawn, which has
resulted In clashes with the federal
authorities and the arrest of two
government officials, Judge A. W.
Fite of the superior court arrived
here today. Accompanied by Solicitor
T. C. Milner, he convened the court
for the preliminary hearing of United
States Storekeeper and Gauger Ben
C. Thompson, arrested yesterday at
the distillery on the charge of resist?
ing State officers. Thompson was
bound over in the sum of $500 for his
appearance at the next term of Dade
The court took the stand that from
the evidence Thompson pleaded guilty
of violating the prohibition laws of
the State, which prohibit the manu?
facture of whiskey and that Collector
of Internal Revenue Rucker and
<very other person aiding in the
manufacture of whiskey in Georgia
is guilty of the same offense.
"I can not anticipate what action
*:he federal court will take in this
case," said Judge Fite, "but 1 intend
to see that my court is protected to
the last stand."
Commenting on United States
Judge Newman's attitude in the dis?
pute over State and federal jurisdict?
ion in the Cureton distillery case,
Judge Fite said:
"I do not wish to criticize Judge
Newman harshly, but I will say that
I consider his decision in the Stegall
cas? as folly, usurpation, and tyranny.
He is an excellent gentleman and able
Judge, and is generally level-headed,
but in a whiskey case involving ques?
tions of State rights and federal ag?
gressions, he goes to the Yankees and
tries to scratch out'with his pen that
whlchphe once gallantly defended
"in the first place the State never
has delegated to the federal govern?
ment power to regular their internal
affairs or to control their courts In
administering their laws not in con?
nect with the federal constitution. If
congress had such power It could not
delegate It to an official, nor, in my
opinion, has any official ever meant
Of attempted to exercise such power,
though some federal judges seem to
think so and use this for federal ag?
"It is true that there are some regu?
lations prohibiting officials from di?
vulging the kinds of apparatus,
methods, and the like, but these do
not and can not apply to court pro
ceeedings, either State or federal.
"All legitimate manufacturers of
whiskey advertise their business and
the brands and kinds of whiskey
manufactured, and the Cureton did
so until he went into the government
wild cat business, and there is no law
in reason or common sense to prevent
an official from telling It. For a court
to hold to the contrary, I repeat, Is
folly, usurpation and tyranny.
"Think of a little commissioner of
Internal revenue in Washington is?
suing rules having the same force as
an enactment itself, and thus con?
trolling the courts of a sovereign State.
It is enough to make John Marshall
turn over in his grave and the found?
ers of this republic to rise from their
iravei in rage and mutiny."
WILL TRY FOR ELLERBK'S SEAT.
Senator Thomas J. Roger?, of Mnrl
boro, Will Run for Congress.
Sellers, February 1.?Senator Thos.
J. Rogers, of Marlboro, was here yes?
terday on his way to Columbia to re?
sume his duties in the upper house.
While here he publicly announced his
Intention of being a candidate for
Congress against the present incum?
bent, his cousin, the Hon. J. E. El?
Dwarflike sins often have gigantic
ho senator, while the chairman of
he judiciary committee Insisted that
It was the first time that he had ever
heard that failure to Invite a man to
?peak to the general assembly was an
insult to him. The senate even pass
id tiie resolution over unti' the next
lay. which was a most diplomatic
way of killing It.
Several insurance bills will !)??
leard by the committee on Thursday.
Two of them are asked for by the
lepartment in the enlargement of its
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's an
)AY. FEBRUARY 5,
?me tm mmT
LEGISLATURE HAS NOT TAKEN
UP CONSTITUTIONAL AMEND?
No Dellnato Plan niittcd And No
One Seems to Have Formulated A
Bill?The Prohibition Question
Grows More and More Complicated.
Columbia, Feb. 3.?Both houses of
the general assembly are getting
down to hard work, as was expected
and are making fair inroads on their
calenders. The prohibtlon bill was
railroaded through the house and to
its death in the senate, so that the
great bug bear of the session over
with a brief struggle. In the senate j
the local option men claim at least
one more recruit. There is now under
discussion a referendum bill which
will be offered to the assembly, and
the debate over this will have to be
accounted as part of the time that
the great question will take up in the
general assembly, The prohibition
leaders want the matter submitted to
the democratic primary, while the sug?
gestion of the local option men is that
It be put to the general election. The
prohibition leaders have not increas?
ed their popularity with the minority
by the assertion that the 'liquor men'
will use the negro vote. The local
option men will insist that the prohi?
bitionists do not regard any agree?
ment or contract at all, and that they
cannot alford to enter into any un?
derstanding with them on any
grounds. The proposition will be con?
tested on that ground more than any
other. In this connection it may be
noted that the floor leader of the
prohibitionists stated a position,
which would create choas if accepted
by the members of the legislature
generally. He declared that he and
his fellow prohibitionists were in no
wise bound by the action of the house
in the liquor matter last year, which
raises the question what does bind
the members of the legislature? Mr.
Richards was not bound because
there was a resolution introduced
but not passed, declaring that the
prohibitionists, did not consider them?
selves bound by the action last year.
Are the members of the lglslature to
be bound by the acts of the general
assembly, by which they bind the
rest of the state, or are they only to
be bound when they so resolve? If
the members of the general assembly
ane not bound by the acts of the house
that they do not approve why should
the people of the state be bound by
them under the same circumstances?
The prosperity of the state Is reflect?
ed in the number of bills that have
been Introduced granting charters to
different sections of the state and for
railroads and power companies in
the issue of bonds for all sorts of
improvements. This Is the era of de?
The first batch of bills were rati?
fied yesterday and became acts, the
appropriation bill is about ready to
come into the house and the shutting
off of new bills is expected by com?
mittees has been proposed, so it looks
very much like an early adjourn?
ment, not earlier than the usual forty
Members have been wondering why
the income tax amendment to the
' federal constitution had not come up
with the sessioon nearly over and no
proposition made along that line.
The judiciary committee has ap?
pointed a sub committee to prepare
a bill and introduce on this subject,
M. In Smith is the chairman of the
committee and. a report from that
sub committee is daily expected.
Many members have not yet made up
their minds whether it would be well
to give the federal government the
right to tax twice, indirectly and di?
rectly, as the Income tax might be
considered, or to hold off until the
congress had obligated itself to cut
off the tariff tax under which all
people stagger and then permit the
additional ri?ht of another tax. It
was for information on this subject
that the members of i.he assembly
wanted Senator Bailey and Senator
Tillman to talk to them, but the re
fusual to hear Senator Bailey,
whose garments seemed to many of
the senators to bear the taint of
Standard Oil pollution, or Senator
Tillman, who is not high in favor
with that body just now. As these
two sources of information have been
cut off the members will have to dig
out the matter for themselves. It is
hard to say what will be the fa^ts of
the proposition! as nobody seems
to have considered it very seriously,
or has talked much about it at all
The question of the hour at Wash?
ington is, "What is a Republican?"?
1910 Mew Kor
* 4 1 "'x?
ONE BRANCH PASSES AND THE
Wliether Senate Will Reverse Itself or
Mouse Reverse Itself Remains
to be Seen.
Columbia. Feb. 2.?The house has
passed the State-wide prohibition bill
to a third reading by a vote of 58 to
The senate killed the State-wide
prohibition bill by a vote of 22 to 18.
When the two branches of the gen?
eral assembly adjourned last night
the status of the prohibition bills
were in the shape mentioned above.
There will be further fighting. The
prohibitionists claim that while the
senate bill was killed, there will be
several changes in the vote wh<?n the
house bill passes third reading in the
house and is ordered sent to the
There was a spasmodic: atempt to
filibuster in the house on some of the
features of the prohibition bill last
night, but it was the geieral desire
of all to get through wkh the bill
and take up other matters. The mem?
bers of the house did object to a cut?
off on all debate, but finally agreed
to the previous question, but the er?
rors in the bill as amended may re?
s' ^ in another fight today.
The members of the house believe
that the vote in the senate will stand,
but last night an invstlgatlon was
made and If, as rumored, an agree?
ment was made to vote to kill the
senate bill and then vote for a pas?
sage of the house bill or' reman ab?
sent from the senate when the house
bill came up, the bill will certainly
be delayed on its return to the house
on amendments, as there are enough
members of the house to offset any
concerted action of this kind at
By a scant four votes and with too
much closeness to be entirely com?
fortable until the vote was counted,
the senate last n'ght tabled Sena?
tor Carlisle's prohibition bill. The
bill was reached on the calendar
shortly after the senate met for the
night session and as soon as it was
read Senator Sinkler moved to table
the bill. The question of discussion
arose and the senators were remind?
ed that a motion to table Is not de?
batable. In the meantime the aye
and nay vote had been called for and
when a motion to table It was ruled
out of order and the vote polled. The
ayes numbered 22 on the vote to
table, the following senators casting
affirmative votes on the motion: Ap
pelt. Bates, Clifton, Croft, Graydon,
Hardin, Harvey, Hough, Kelley, Mc
Cown, McKeithan, Montgomery,
Muckenfuss, Rainsford, Sinkler,
Smith, Spivey, Stewart, Townsend.
Walker, WTeston, Williams.
The negative votes were cast by
Senators Bass, Black, Carlisle, Carp?
enter, Crosson, Earle, Forrest, Griffin,
Hamrick, Johnson, Johnstone, Laney,
Lide, Mauldin, Sullivan. Summers.
Senators Christensoi and Rogers
were paired. Mr. Christensen in favor
of the motion to table and Mr. Rog?
ers opposing it.
When the prohibition measure
came up the news came over from
the senate that the State-wide bill
had been killed, Mr. Sawyer wanted
to adjourn debate on this until next
Tuesday. A roll call was necessary
and by a vote of 63 to 17 the house
refused to adjourn debate.
Mr. Devore then moved the pre?
vious question on the whole matter,
Mr. McMahan called for the ayes and
nays and the vote stood f 4 to 32, or?
dering the previous question.
Mr. Browning suggested a recess
of 15 minutes, which was voted down.
Mr. Ayer protested against the de?
bate bting cut off. It was gag lav
and an outrage for the majority to
try to run things over the minority.
Mr. CroagrOve had an amendment
that the law go into effect in January.
There was 1200,000 in property in
Charleston that might be confiscated
by this bill. On the motion to adopt
Mr. Cosgrove's amendment the vote
was a surprise to many.
Mr. Browning then moved that the
house adjourn. By a vote of 17 to 72
the house refused to adjourn.
When Mr. Cosgrove wanted to
change the text of the bill so that It
would be in accord with the former
amendment, making it January,
1911, the house tabled the proposit?
ion without roll call.
The motion was then made to re?
duce the bonds of the druggist from
$5,000 tO $1.000. This was tabled by
a vote of 39 to 4 4.
The bill went to third reading by
a vote of 58 to 4 2 and the clincher
e southron. Established June. im*
ie*?Vnl XXX No. 47.
the corn growers have or.
One Thousand Dollars Given For
Prizes Will Mean a Great Deal to
the Development of the Intensive
Columbia, Feb. 2.?For the pur?
pose of providing better corn seed
not only for the members of the
association, but for every farmer in
the State, the South Carolina Corn
Breeders' association was organized
here yesterday with a membership of
30. Those in attendance were repre?
sentative farmers from all sections
of the State and there was a lively
interest displayed in all of the pro?
ceedings of the meeting. It was urged
upon the members that it is neces?
sary to breed corn seed that will be
adaptable to this climate. The organ?
ization was perfected and many of the
details for the future of the organis?
A. G. Smith, farm management
agent in V is State of the United
States lepartment of agriculture, an?
nounced at the convening of the
meeting that A. E. Gonzales, presi?
dent of The State company, had given
$1,000 to be used as premiums for
those that do the best corn breeding
within the next two years. J. N. Har?
per stated to those present that he
would offer a prize of $25 for the
best ear of corn produced in the State
during the present year. The mem?
bers of the association will have the
privilege of entering their specimens
in the State corn contest and in the
national contest. The sessions of the
association were held in the office of
A resolution was passed indorsing
the proposed corn exposition to be
held in Columbia next fall and
committee was appointed to take the
matter up with the Columbia chamber
It was decided to memorialize the
legislature to pass an act calling for
the inspection of all seed. This bill
will be of the same nature as the
measures calling for Inspection of
commercial foodstuffs and, illujni- '
nating oil now pending before the
general assembly. Speeches by the
members of the association present
Indicated that the farmers of the
State were having to buy seed of an
inferior nature and that an inspect?
ion would prevent this. It was also
brought out that the Corn Breeders*
association V*^J been organized for
the purpose securing better seed.
After the organization o* the
association had been perfected the
following officers were electee: A.D.
Hudson, Newberry county, president;
L. L. Baker, Bishop.tile, vict presi?
dent; R. K. Hayes, Dillon county,
secretary and treasurer.
cotton prize offered.
Thousand Dollars For The Best Long
Columbia, Feb. 2.?For the growth
and development of staple cottons In
South Carolina, Lewis W. Parker has
in behalf of the mills which he re?
presents, which use staple cotton,
made a donation of $1,000 to the
farm demonstration work of the Uni?
ted States department of agriculture.
At a recent meeting of the South
Carolina Manufacturers' association
the sum of $1,000 was given for the
same purpose. The federal govern?
ment spends over $18,000 annually
on the farm demonstration work in
this State and these donations will
bring the amount to be used this year
There are over 30 agents of the
farm demonstration department at
work in the State at the present time.
The gift from Mr. Parker and the
Manufacturers' association means
much not only to the textile indus?
tries but the farmers.
The mills of South Carolina use a
staple cotton that is prows in other
States of the South. Almost every
bale of cotton produced in this State
has to be shipped away. It is the pur?
pose of the manufacturers to encour?
age the growth and development of
cottons of long staple so that the
crop in this State will be used by the
mills and thus save large amounts in
assassination in AUG V sta.
Hotly of l?romlneiit Physician of Sum
merville, Ga., Picked Up With
Throe Woundn In Side.
Augusta, Ga., Feb., 2.?Dr. C. W.
EUckman, one of the most prominent
physicians in the south, a resident o/
Summerville, was found dead in thI
street at 10 p. m. with three gunshot
wounds In his side.