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riU? SVMTKR WATCHMAN,
Conwlldated Aug. 2.188 C(k toatrbuwn ait? Soutbrcn. PlUUlifd Wednesday ?ml Saturday ?BT? ?3TEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY Sl'MTKR, 8. C. 11 60 per annum?In advanca. Advertisements: One Square flrat Ineertlon.fl.M ?eery subsequent Ineertlon.10 Contract* for three month a. or Wafer will be made at reduced rate All eommun (cations which sub serve private interests will be charged tee aa advertisements. Obituaries and tributes if respects etil be charged for. ?EWSY WACTttiBTON DISPATCH. PRESIDENT TAFT ANI> SENATOR A LDH K H CONFER. ffefiaattoii Expected In Baliinger In? vestigation?Knox Not Pleaecd With Some of Diplomat??Wants Men Who A 111 Do Something. Waehlnrton. Feb. 14.?There has been a lull all the week In the Bel? linger Investigation, but tho investi? gation will be resumed In a few days with vigor and matter of Importance and It Is said, of a sensational char? acter will be spread before the peo? ple. Therft la no doubt but there was a deep laid plot to aecure mineral and coal lande of almost Inestimable value by the Guggenheims, one of whom, as it is well known, is In the senate of the United States from Col? orado. That mere wealth without education, learning. statesmanship, reputation or public service can se oure a place in the highest legisla? tive body In this hemisphere, has made many doubt the efficacy or per? manency of popular government, and It la perhaps not without reason that some people sre turning toward so? cialism and others harking back to monarchy in thtlr disgust and des? peration, u There wif.H a conference at the gjgJMMigMBMng-J Wet weep the ^HnffltrV fhW TJntfed States and the boas of the senate, Mr. Aldrlch of Rhode Island and It Is expected that other conferences will be held in the near future relative to the pos? sible consequences, political, Indus? trial and financial, depending upon anticipated decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States in the oil j and tobacco cases. The tobacco case Is now awaiting decision In the hands of the court. The Standard Oil case has been advanced to March 14th. The main subject discussed between the President and Mr. Aldrlch was tho perfecting of the amendments relat t lag to the Interstate commerce law. Legislation In this particular Is await? ing the Supreme Court decisions In theee two important cases. The President's speech at the Lincoln's birthday dinner at the Now York Re? publican Club, about the several par? ty pledges and how they ohould be t kept, makes it plain that he has not changed his determination to Inves? tigate the conduct of all trusts and that rumors of financial crises in Wail Street will in no wise deter him. Information comes from the high? est place in the State Department that Secretary Knox Is not pleased with the merely ornamntal characteristics of a large number of our diplomatic establishments abroad. He want* those debonair young fellows and old fellows to be doing something useful If or to have them come home In order that he msy appoint practical and progressive men In their places. The averse* diplomat scorns commercial Ism and industrialism and the sug geetlon that he shall do something for the promotion of American com? merce and trade abroad Is wormwood I to his sporty or aesthetic disposition. Of enures, our American consuls are not diplomatists In the old Metter? nich or Tallerand sense, in fact, no such diplomatists longer exist. Steam and electricity have put old style dip? lomacy ?Mit it bnetntssi There are other mean* of communication now? adays than by ourlers on horseback. But there sre scores ??r consular sta? tions throughout Europe. Asia. Afri? ca and South Africa where the consuls have quasi-diplomatic lunc tlons, although, their usefulness Is largely aa commercial agents. How? ever, as man Is a social animal, so? cial functions and opportunities at these consular postr have an effect t ? seduce the ordinary young fellow sent abroad to sybarltlsh habits. They sre disposed to spend but few b hours at office an l to give the day and night to pleasure. The United States is a great corporation with hundreds of thousands of servants, In fact, a far greater number than It can adequately watch and then ev? ery four years or so a new boss I iheil April. 1660. 'Be Juri au h_8?MTJ CHILD DEED BILL PASSED. X(rT A DISSENTING VOTE TO MEASURE IN HOUSE. Tlio Tlllniau Case Has Brought About i Clamor for This Particular Leg? islation. I Interest In the entire State has been at a high pitch since Senator gnd Mrs. Tillman were called before the Supreme Court recently In the memorable caae brought by Mrs. Li cy Dugaa Tillman for the recovery of her children. A bill waa Intro? duced in the houae by Mr. Gasque repealing the law under which the children were deeded to the Senator. Mr. Oraydon introduced a similar measure in the Senate which passed l?i a large majority, only six sena? tors voting against lt> The follow? ing dispatch from our Columbia cor? respondent tells the story. Columbia, Feb. 14.?Gaaque child d?ed bill passed house today without a dissenting voice. House bill sub atltuted for Senate bill. It will be given final reading tomorrow wher ti e Senate will be asked to agree to tre substitute. Houae bill forbids fsther to deed children away with? out mother's consent. i Other Columbia News. Columbia. Feb. 14.?House passed bill doing away with mileage book regulations 54 to 22. 8enate having teken adverse action, likely legisla? tion will fail unless differences can be settled. Columbia. Feb. 14.?Senate killed h ghway commission bill by a two to one vote. DUEL IN CHATTANOOGA JAIL. City Convict Guard Slain by Super? intendent of Streets. Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 10.?In a bloody duel In the office of the E. street jail at 1 o'clock this afternoon. C. W. Thomas, a city convict guard, was shot and fatally wounded by Su? perintendent Matthew Godsey, o. the strvot construction force. Thomas died at the Erlanger Hospital two hours after the duel. Godsey Is se? riously wounded, but will recover. Standing and locked In each others arms, the two engaged In a pistol duel while Henry Long, night jailer, and and the other guards looked on, rielplesa to stop the combat. Bad blood had existed between the men for some time over the manner of conducting work on the streets. TER1UBLE MARINE DISASTER. Steamer Wrecked by Storm in the Mediterranean. Palma, Island of Majorea, Feb. 11. ?Driven helplessly from her course, in one of the wildcat storms that has awept the Mediterranean aea in forty yeara, the French Trana-Atlantic Steamship Company's steamer Gen. Chanzy crashed at full speed, In the dead of night on the treacherous reefs near the Island of Minorca, and all but one of the 157 souls on board perished. The sole survivor is an Algerian customs official, Marcel Rodel, who was rescued by a fisherman, and who lies tonight In the hospital at Cluda del, raving as a result of the iortues through which he passed and unable to give an account of the disaster. In the ship's company there were passenger* of whom 30 were in the first cabin. The crejv numbered 70. It la not thought that any Amer- j leans were aboard the liner. elected and almost before he can be? come acquainted with the shop, Ms term of service is up. Of course. It If very Important that our consuls shall keep our manufacturers advis? ed with reference to trade opportu? nities. Our foreign commerce has greatly Increased and we are selling a tremendous amount of stuff abroad for a less price than we sell to Ottl" own people at home. Sewing ma? chines, typewriters, shoes and ? ven food stuffs exported from America are sold In Englandi France and <; r many for less than they can he bought In the United States. The Department of Commerce and La??'?r is the agency which deter? mines and reports upon the work that a consul has undertaken to do. These reports go to the State Do I'artment, where Is kept a rating of th ? consul's work. Those that are found deficient In activity are mark 'I <>r dem er It ed very much as a boy \t school. Tr who are not up t< the standard are politely reprimand? ed and those consuls who spend their time playing bridge and poker ami n other less venial dissipations are ikely to hear from the Department n Washington in a way to cause 'hem to quake, if not to pack and :ome home. d Fear not?Let all the euds Thou Aln ER. S. C, WEDNES1 RICHARDS DDT FOB GOVERNOR. HIS CAXD1DACV AND PLATFORM ANNOUNCED. Well-Known Prohibitionist ami Mem l>er or the House From Kcrshaw Declares He Will be In the Race For Governor, and States Ills Po? sition on .Several Important Issues. Columbia, Feb. 11.?The first an? nouncement with a definite platform for Governor is that of Capt. John G. Richards, present-day leader of the house of representatives. Capt. Rich? ards In his platform sets a pace and announces his position on other is? sues than the liquor question. Capt. Richards makes a clean-cut an? nouncement, in which he says: "Yes, after seriously considering the matter, I have determined to en? ter the race for Governor of South "Carolina. For some time my friends In every section of the State have been encouraging me to run, and af? ter considering the matter carefully, I have decided to enter the list. While I am not prepared, of course, at this stage to state in detail what my platform will contain, I have no hesitancy, as is my habit, in stating clearly my position on some of the more Important public questions that are of vital Interest to the State and to the people of the State. "I shall advocate equitable support of our higher educational institutions and the fullest and most unstinted support of oar common school sys? tem with particular attention to the development of rural schools and edu? cation. Our public school system is the vitalising lui.ee that supplies our colleges, and ii one of the very foun? dations of out republican institutions. We qre now making great Improve? ments along educational lines in South Carolina, but the transcendent importance of this question demands an even greater effort on our part. "I shall stand for and urge such legislation as will make for the ful? lest development of agricultural in dustry of State, for-it is the bedrock foundation of all our prosperity. I shall stand for vigorous support of all agencies making for the development of agriculture and for such legisla? tion as will tend to Induce capital to com? into the State for the purpose of developing to the fullest measure our splendid natural resources. "I shall stand for and advocate State-wide prohibition, with a strict and Impartial enforcement of the law. I shall stand for retrenchment In the expenditure of the people's money whenever and wherever it can be done without Impairing the public service. I shall stand for a thorough and complete revision and readjust? ment of the tax laws of the State and the inauguration of such a system of assessments as will make all prop? erty bear its honest and just propor tlon of the burden of taxation. "The agricultural Hen law, so long the hindering cause and lack of agri? cultural progress and Independence, and the greatest preventive of the proper control of our negro labor, has at last been repealed. I led the the figVc for the farmers, and shall arge upon our people the necessity of accepting the changed conditions Just brought about with a determin? ation upon their part to give the new law a fatr trial, and I feel that the wisdom of this legislation will be demonstrated. "The building of good and perma? nent highways will add more to the value of property and to the wealth of our State than our public utility. The effect of good roads throughout the State would be felt in every walk of life, but they would come as an especial blessing and a great econo? my to our people who live in the country districts. I shall stand for the permanent improvement of our highways, such improvement being made under local self-government in the various counties "If it should be my good fortune to he selected hy the people of our proud state to he the Governor I shall endeavor, with all the strength at my command, to thoroughly fa? miliarize myself and keep In constant touch with the working force of all of our public institutions and branc hes of the government, and en? deavor to so post myself In regard to our public affairs as to intelligent? ly recomoaind to the law-making power of the State those thing! that the public weal and needs of the hour demand. "I do not care to say .any more at this time than this: That every pub? lic-spirited, patriotic citizen op our State is anxious for her welfare, her prosperity and material advancement In nil things, and none is more so than myself. In entering the race I wish to say now that I will make the Issues clear-?cut and to the point, looking ever to the substantial ad ftltp i is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's am DAY. FEBRUARY 16 SMITH RAPS COTTON GAMBLERS -?-. SOUTH CAROLIN A SEN ATOR SAYS SPECULATION MUST STOP. j - i At House I Ira ring on the Ant i-Option BUI the Senator and L. Mandel bauni, the Latter a Member of ihv New York Cotton Exchange, Cross Swords Verbally, But Calm Is Soon Restored. Washin g >n. Feb. I1 ?Senator Spilth, of houth Carolina, and I* ivj'andelbau.n. tne latter a member >f the New York Cotton Exchange, crossed swords verbally at the hear? ing before the house agricultural committee this morning, when the hearings on the bill tD prevent gam? bling In cotton future*? was resumed. The South Carolina Senator, wh'Ie propounding a question, banned htl hat upon the long tab'e in the com? mittee room, and informed the mem? bers of the Exchange sitting about him that "We intend to wipe this I gambling out." | The colloquy between the Senator and Mr. Mandelbaum came while J. HE. Latham, of Greensboro, N. C, a cotton dealer, was testifying. "Don't you honestly believe, Mr. I Latham," began Senator Smith, "that I the wild fluctuations in cotton are j due entirely to the easy means bv j which speculators can get togeth *r, compare sheets and then, irrespective I of the crop, oiop the prices dow.i so las to wipe out those fellows who hive I put up a hundred dollars or so in I bucket shops In the small towns?" I Mr. Latham said that he was not In position to answer of his own knowledge. "I know it to be true. I I have watched it," said Senator Smith. "It's the margins the specu I lators are after, not the commis? sions.** Mr. Mendelbaum arose at this point, and said: "I want to know if the Senator is testifying or asking questions. If he's testifying, I want him put under oath, for he Is making some statements that I know are not trut.' I "A Senator or Representative Is al? ways under oath, Mr. Mendelbaum," j said the chair Just to smooth down, I matters. "Then I want to examine the Sen? ator about what he says he knows to be facts. I want to say that lh's is I not the case." I Mr. Mandelbaum was told that he I would be given opportunity to as'i the I Senator questions if he des'red. I "If these speculators had to deliver I the actual cotton," continued Mr. Smith, who held the floor a moment I asking a direct question of the wit I ness, "they would not dare to have these fluctuations. They take ad? vantage of the unfortunate disposl I tion of an American to gamble, and I they run down the prices, cleaning the little fellows that way. and they I run the prices up and clean them go? ing up. The gambling In cotton has overshadowed the llgitimate dealing in cotton, and we are going to stop it." SUGAR TRUST ARRAIGNED. Former Employe**, Sentenced to At? lanta I*rison, Raps the Company. New York, Feb. 10.?Declaring that the Sugar Trust has made a "scape-goat" of him, and that they had answered the government's cry for a victim in the alleged fraud prosecutions by sacrificing him and four $18-a-week checkers, Oliver Spit? zer, a former dock superintendent of the Amrican Sugar Rflnery Com? pany's plant at Williamsburg, severe? ly arraigned that trust, following his sentence today to two years in the Federal prison at Atlanta, Ga., for his part in the recent extensive sugar under-weirhing frauds. Spitzer's application for admission to ball pending appeal was denied, and arrangements were made later In the day to take him to Atlanta to begin serving his term. He said that he expected on appeal the conviction would be reversed and a new trial ordered. "The trust deserted me absolutely; It pounded and ruined mo after I served it faithfully for twenty-nine years," said Spitzer, In brpken tones. "I started with the trust in 1880 as a boy, and by industry worked my way. step by step, until I became super? intendent of the ?locks at Williams burg. The expenses of this trial have cut Into my savings and left me prac? tically a ruined man." That happens in a moment which may not happen in a thousand years. ?French. vanoement of our State, and will go before the people upon a platform every plank of which shall stand for the peeple'l Interest and the up? building of our State." . 1910. y ? seri _w live mmw /isip. i DEMOCRATIC VICTORY. PREDICT? ED BY MANY POLITICIANS. The Tariff Issue, the Row in Repub? lican Camp ami CunnoiiLsm Believ? ed to be Turning People Against Republicans?Taft 'Will Try to Suc? ceed Himself. Washington, Feb. 10.- Imagine the next house of representatives Demo? cratic by a substantial majority, Champ Clark as speaker, and Under? wood of Alabama, as the Democratic floor lead 2". An insurgent meets a G. O. !'. standpatter in the corridor of the :apl:ol. J-ays the insurgent: "Well, it happened! And it was just as I told you standpatters it would be. You have been wiped off the political map. Tawney of Minne? sota is gone, Smith of Iowa is gone, and the few members of I the old standpat bunch that did get back can count their majorities on one hand. But it serves you fellows right. You had ample warning. You allowed Cannon and Aldrlch to throttle every piece of progressive legislation that came up, and the public was on to you at every jump in the road. You revised the tariff upward when you promised to do just the opposite. But even then you were not satisfied with the predicament you found yourself in. You capped the climax by hav? ing President Taft declare the Ald rlch-Payne-Smoot bill to be the best tariff measure ever enacted into law, when as a matter of fact even the American school children knew the bill was filled with jokers conceived to rob the people for ?the thieving sugar trust and other tariff benefici? aries. It was absolutely certain that the public would whack you over your political heads at the very first opportunity. And they did!" Then the regular gives his version of it, as follows: "I fear, my friend of the west, that you do not apply the law of enu<*e and effect to the situation. The de? feat of the regular organization was due to a few reformers and traitors who called themselves Republicans, but were really Democrats. Pretend? ing to be Republicans, they learned all of the organization secrets and then started in on a campaign of blabbing instead of fighting the thing out in caucus as they should have done and as they would have done had they been Republicans with the good of the party at heart. You fellows acted like Democrats from the start, and 'Uncle Joe' called the right time on you when he called you Demcrats. You mention the sugar joker. Do you know how much money the sugar people contributed to the Republican campaign fund? If you don't, you hadn't ought to say a word. The sugar joker, my friend, and every other piece of legislation about which you complained, was ab? solutely necessary to bring in cam paig funds. By making such a howl over these particular features of the tariff bill, you only directed attention to the organization business methods, with the result that Republican vot? ers deserted us by regiments. The result of your wretched politics is that the present house is Democratic, and the next President is mighty likely to be of the same religion. Shame on the insurgents!" Just then along comes "Uncle Joe", who has been defeated for reelection, but has opened a lobby in Washing? ton for Standard Oil and the liquor people. The standpatter appeals to the old gentleman with stogie, but the latter waves him to one side, saying that he has made his millions and has therefore assumed the cus? tomary "public be damned" attitude. I'.ven the Ueputti'.ans are not finding it so hard to imagine the next House Democratic, eapectaltly when th*3 stop to consider?first, the result of the recent Congressional election in the Sixth Missouri district, ?.her? a 100 per cent, gain was made by Dick? inson, the Democratic candidate; sec? ond?the result of the Success maga? zine straw ballot, which showed 517 Republicans approving and 6.311 Republicans disapproving the atti? tude of the tariff; and third?the re? ducing of the majority of the tariff law was the sole issue, from 60,000 to 8,000. It should not be overlooked that the voters of the Sixth Missouri district who repudiated the Paync Aldrich-Smoot law are at the present time receiving high prices for but? ter ami eggs, grain and livestock, and it was this class of voters the Repub? licans had expected to find enthusi? astically endorsing tariff revision up? ward. All indications are that President Taft exepcts to be his own successor. Postmaster General Frank Hitchcock Is steam-rolling from early morning E SOUTHRON, Established June, Les?Vol. XXX. No. 60. THE FIGHT NOT OVER. MOVE IfADB TO OUST ASYLUM OFFICIALS. Jurilary Committee of Senate Makes Favorable Report on Resolution Demanding Resignation of Super? intendent and Regents of Asylum. Columbia, Feb. 12?"Be it resolved by the senate, That the superintend? ent and board of regents of the State Hospital for the Insane be, and are hereby, requested to place their res? ignations in the hands of the gover? nor on or before Thursday, Feb. 17, 1910," reads a resolution from the judiciary committee of the senate that will be introduced this morning. The resolution was adopted at a meeting of the judiciary committee held last night, a meeting that prov? ed a lengthy one before it adjourned -vith the resolution drawn and sign? ed. Eleven of the 13 members of the judiciary committee signed the reso? lution, eight voting yes on its adop? tion and three voting no. The affirm? ative votes were cast by the follow? ing senators: Carlisle, Townsend, Graydon, Bates, Sinkler, Kelley, Clif? ton and Williams. The negatives votes were cast by the following sen? ators: Earle, Rogers, Lide. Two members of the judiciary committee, Senators Walker and Smith, were not present at the meeting last night. Such a resolution in the senate will not be unexpected, as it has been rumored that a resolution asking for the resignation of the superintendent and board of regents would be forth? coming before the general assembly adjourned. Such a resolution was engrossed for presentation _n the house last night, but it was decided not to present it. The superintendent of the State Hospital for the Insane is Dr. J. W. Eabcock. The board of regents Is composed of the fol'owlng: W. J. Gooding, Hampton; J. Perry Glenn, Anderson; Iredell Jones, Sr., . Ro Hill: Dr. Julius H Taylor, Colum Dr. W. W. Ray, Congaree. Here I stand; I can do no other? wise. God help me. Amen!?Martin Luther. Four hundred and fifty bushels of corn were burned In a fire that de? stroyed the barn of T. C. Petty, near Gaffney. to night, and every day in the week, putting men who will support Ts ft in the next republican national conven? tion into federal positions, and keep? ing out men who have the least taint of Rooseveltism in their political re? cords. Another evidence of Mr. Taft's expectation to secure a re nomination is the nervousness he Is displaying over the Ohio situation. He is holding conferences with Ohio politicians every day, trying to d j* termlne upon someone who might be able to beat Governor Harmon. What Mr. Taft fears is that in the event of Harmon being re-elected governor, he might be compelled to face a fel low-Ohloan in the Presidential race, which would mean the loss of Ohio to the Republicans, in all probability. Among the Ohio politicians whom the President has called to the White House is Ex-Senator Foraker, who was driven out of public life by the publication of letters written while he was a United States senator, by the President of Standard Oil. One of the letters Indicated that a check for $10,000 was enclosed, ani that a certain bill needed loklng after. Ii Is said Foraker will take the stump for the Republicans in the approach? ing campaign. An opportunity to test the anti Cannon sentiment of the Vew ttng land States will be had at the special election to be held In Massachusetts for the purpose of filling the vacancy cajsed by the death of Representa? tive William C. Lovering, who was an out-and-out insurgent. The Re? publican Congressional committee is leaving no stone unturned to have Mr. Lovering*! place filled by a Can? non sympathizer. The Washington Star, ar ardent supporter of Cannonlam and Aldrleh ism, says editorially that the repub? licans should by all means permit an investigation of the high cost of living and the relationship of ihe tariff thereto, in order "to prepare their reply for use in the Coner- s^ ional campaign." In other word? Senator Aldrich has decided to per mit an investigation in order to bring In a verdict to the effect that the ; - creased cost of living is not caused by excessive tariff rates. Then this "report of the Senate Investigation" will be used In the Congressional campaigns to vindicate the Payne Aldrlch-Smoot law. And the Presi? dent endorses the schema.