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TU LEVY LARGER.
JJDOIHIjATURK piles on the appropriations. Oy la for Mure and More Money And the legislature Can Find No to Make a Cat?The De tor Money for All Purpose* Oreater Year by Year. * Columbia. Feb. 11.?Everybody utands aghast at the slse of the ap? propriation bill, and everybody thinks that It ought to be cut down, but Just where to put the pruning knife nobody can say. 8ome of the mem? bers look with horror on the ap? proaching campaign when their con I atltaenu will call them to account for the large expenditures of money by the preeent legislature, and they dread the coming day. The total of the bill aa it leaves the house, In aplte of the fact that the provision far 43 scholarships In the University I waa knocked out, will amount to over a million, eight hundred thousand, nearly two millions. When the at tempt Is made, however, one realises the difficulty The appropriations for pensions la about one eleventh of the ? total amount of the bill, which means I that South Carolina does as much for the old soldiers today as she does for any other one of ten other purposes within the scope of the governmnt it la only by such comparisons that the fair estimate of the total can be had. Nobody would suffer for a mo I raent the cutting off of the pensions so It remains, one of the heaviest Hami in the bill, you cannot put the knife there. For the lnaane an amount equal to about one eighth of the total euro Is appropriated, but wlm would suffer a reduction there? g- The demagogue and the public both * raise a cry to heaven and the ~Aneral assembly for more money for the common schools. No one would per? mit the knife being applied there. The State officers, clerks and expenses of the State offices cover another ^eiahth of the bill If we include the Judiciary. There iJ no cut that can be made there. The public debt la the heaviest Item of the bill, but there Is no way to get rid of that. That was an Inheritance from before the war times, when the State gave mv 1ta credit to Its development, the srrrulta of which the present genera? tion have been leaping, the building of railroads, canals and public build - toga, Including the State house. a debt of six and a half million dollars. Mlacellaaeeua Items Jo not amount to ^JDOCb, which leaves the chav>ce of cut mm the appropriations for higher edu? cation and for the general aeaembly. ? There may be a difference of opinion on the subject of the necesalty for paying the expenses of the general aaaembly, but the state would be In a mmbm6 Ax without It, so It has to be prof Hrtded for. There Is a question wheth t er the State ought to give aid to high er education or not. but It has been a well established policy of all States and governments to do It. because It haa been found the bost for the State ^Thts Item le about one-seventh of the ^appropriation bill. Elections, public printing and contributions towards farm development and claims of counties amount to about one-twen tleth of the total, but It would be hard to start economising there, so torn where you will, there seems to be ?*) eecape from a big budget. The tartness affairs of the State are grow Ing, many of the appropriations are to offices which bring a revenue Into the State, all of them have been Jeal otsaly scrutinised and are thought by the majority of the members of the house to be worthy. If the people I will give up any of the benefits that "they enjoy through the State appro prlatlone the general assembly will gladly leave that matter out of the next hill. This bill will probably be raised in ^|he senate, and one Item partlcular Pry i* of Interest to the people of the State, the Item for farm demonstra? tion work. The house made It 000 because that was all that #*1 asked for. but since then It has been determined to press th? work more vigorously, those counties In which [vthe work was done last year ghnw the effect In their increased cotton and corn crops, if the senate will In? crease the approprlat! ?n to $r>.000 the work can be extended Into every county In the Stat?>. South Carnllni le now getting more of this scrvire H'rom the government than any State In the South. |0 Vfhtol section It Is fined. The reports show thnt where the government carried ??n thtu work In the past year ander the di? rection of Mr. Williams, the crops were fifty per rent bOttOI than they Mvere where It was not carrl? ?I on. Throuich the activity of this depart ment something like 10.000 gerei of land In the State were planted In wlntei rrop.M whlrh hnd n been done before, and the result I? I aetonHhlnr This work Is nHcd by k the government. Ml I urn I gUbMlIp Bfton nn 1 bv mnmif n turers. so that ^is.ooo win he openl in 11* Male this year under the preMOVl appro? priation <?r gAOfi than SOvMel that if the senate Incregflgg li The ways and means committee *Js now struggling over the proposi? tion of the raising the supply neces tary to meet the heavy expense, but they will probably leave the levy at five mills as It was last year, even If It causes a deficit. FUNERAL OF MR. F. P. COOPER. lM'ath of Popular Pythian Mourned Throughout the State. Wllllamston, Feb. 8.?The funsrnl of the late Frank P. Cooper was held in the parlors of the Park View Hotel here this morning and the re? mains was taken to Anderson for Interment. The services were short and Impressive and were conduct? ed by the Rev. Louis J. Brlstw. Ions; time friend of the deceased and a past chancellor of the local lodge of the Knight of Pythias. At the funeral Miss Sara Gossett sang sweetly and tenderly "Face to Fac\" a song which Mr. Cooper had asked her to sing to him not long before his death. Thla last was a difficult task asked of her. but her tender? ness and depth of feeling mingled only to render more impressively the words of the song. The pall bearers were members of the Wllllamston lodge, Knights of Pythias as follows: B. F. Russi'i, J. C. Duckworth, W. H. Sherard. B. O. Bristow, H. V. O. Cooley and E. C. Horton. The local lodge acted as an honorary escort to the station, and a number of members accompan? ied the funeral party to Andernon. On reaching Anderson the body was carried directly to Silver Brook ceme? tery, where the Interment took place. CANNON LOSING GROUND. e How the Newspapers and Magazines Are Supporting the Insurgent**. Ray Stannard Baker writing about the Insurgent movement in the Feb? ruary American Magazine, states that one of the most significant phases of the movement is the sup? port which it is receiving from the newspapers of the West. He says: "One of the most slgnflcant pheses of the Insurgent movement Is the support which It is receiving fiom the newspapers of the West. Several papers, long staunchly Republican, are now Insurgent. The Chicago Tribune, which supported Cannon In his last campaign, Is now exercising a powerful Influence against Cannon ism and supporting the Insurgent movement all Along the line. The In? dianapolis News, long Vice-President Fairbanks*' organ, may from (he t me of ita recent editorials be called an Insurgent ne i*p.iper. T;i<> Chicago News and Record-Herald have long exercised a steady pressure for pro? gressive measures. Every newspaper of St. Paul and Minneapolis except one has apparently taken a more or less vigorous stand for the Insurgent cause. The News and Register of Des Moines Is wholly Insurgent; but the DesMolnes Capital Is still 'stand P*f 'But the most Influential of all the newspapers In the West In this re? gard, perhaps, Is the Kansas City Star Colonel Nelson's paper, which has been for years consistently encourag? ing the Insurgent movement through? out Kansas and Missouri. ''More and more, also, the popular magazines are exercising a wide in? fluence upon public opinion. I do not say this because I happen to be connected with the American Maga? zine, but because this is what I heard everywhere. Many people spoke of the fearless articles in Collier's Week? ly and McClure's and I don't know how many men told me they were reading Judge Llndsey's nutr bi? ography In Eerybody's. which gives an excellent view of the blight of money control In politics. Several radical Journals are also having a wide Influence on thought In the West; the Public of Chicago, LaFol lette's Weekly, and, to a less degree than formerly. Bryan's Commoner. 1 also ran across a number of people who had been reading the Appeal to Reason, tho Kansas Socialist weekly, which circulates over 350,000 copies every week.' A SAFEGUARD TO CHILDREN. ?"Our two children of six and el^ht vears have been since infancy Subject to colds and croup. About three I us ago I started to use Foley's Honey and Tar. and it has never fail? ed to prevent and eure these troubles. Tt Is the only medicine I OSn Ret the ch*ld?en to take without a row." The abovt from w. C, Ornstsln, Green Bay, wis., dpullcatss th?^ experience of thousands of other USSlf Of Fob v's Honey and Tar. it eures ooughs? colds and eroup, ami prevents broii" rhitis and pneumonia, Bibert's Drug store. it tak s ;i irlss m:in t?. iii i over a i in in.-- Diogenes Laertlus, PraaManfl Helps Orphans, ?Hundreds of orphan* have hnsn hatpod by the Prsaldsnt of Ins Ind is trial and Orphan's Home at Mac hi, da?, nn ha writes: "We have wied Blsetrk Bitten in this Institution for alas ysara it has proved a most ?? e, ii,-nt msdli Int for Btomach, Liver and Kidney troubles We regard it as one of thi bssl family mtdlol iss on earth." It Invigorates all vital or? gans, purities ins bloodi aids dig es* lion, sHeatsa appetite, To ?trengthen and build up pals, thin, weak child? ren or rundown people it has no soual? Beat for fsmali complaints, Only 50c, at BtbSTt'l Drug BtOTS, THE HOUSE CONSIDERED THE BOND ISSUE BILL. After 1'usshu.v the Appropriation Bill Yesterday the Measure Proposing An Eleetion on Uie Question of Is suing Bonds for One Million Dol? lars to Erect Two New Asylums is Taken Up for Discussion. Columbia, Feb. 10.?The house to? day considered the question of issu? ing or submitting to the voters the I matter of issuing a million dollars worth of bonds for the erection of I two new Hosptials for the Insane. At the time of taking the dinner recess I no vote had been taken and there had been no legislative expression. The bond issue proposition is a component part of the recommenda? tions made by the majority of the in? vestigating committee, while the min? ority of the committee is entirely against a bond issue and argue that I such a debt is both unnecessary and unbusinesslike. Some of the best speeches of the session were made today on the ques? tion of a bond issue. The minority side was presented during the morn? ing by Mr. J. P. Carey, of Plckens. Mr. Harrison, who is deeply in earn? est and most serious in the matter, opened the argument for the bond is? sue, and later on was followed by Dr. Dick, also of the majority of the com? mittee. Both Mr. Harrison and Dr. Dick made clear-cut and good pre? sentations of the advisability of the State issuing the bonds and of letting the voters have a chance to decide what shall be done. Dr. Dick, of the majority of the committee, also insisted that this was no personal matter. He asked first have the members read the testimony and second, have the reports been read. Dr. Dick said he wished merely 1 to make a business statement. He visited many similar institutions, and when he returned here was ashamed I of what this State was doing for its Insane. One trouble he found was that the asylum here had no ground for exercise and work. The average seems to be an acre per patient, and even if the negroes be removed from Columbia there would still not be enough room for work and exercise I ?not an acre per patient. The ma? jority report simply states facts as they were found. Dr. 1 'ick said the I centre building can never be adapted I to this climate and conditions here. I This State had the finest herd of cat- I tie he saw at any iiistitution. The I j Idea of the minority is to fix up the I I present buildings for whites. The proposition w:is to put whites in buildings unrt: for negroes. The bond issue does not mean debt for the State. Every financier in Columbia I ?ays the present land, If sold In flf teen years and Invested would can-1 eel the debt. He was unalterably op posed to moving the white asylum from the neighborhood of Columbia. I All that he asked was to give the I I people a chance to vote. It does not mean debt; but it means changing the I present plant into money with which j to build two new plants. Many other addresses were made upon the subject?Mr. Cosgrove and I Mr. McMahan favoring the proposed j bond issue. In the midst of Mr. Mc-J Mahan's argument the house ad? journed for dinner and he resumed I his argument at the night session. i Mr. McMahan resuming his argu? ment in favor of the bond issue for I the building of a new asylum, said: "This bond issue is Justifiable and I proper," he argued. "It is urged as J if your vote will put the bond Issue on the people. The sole purpose is to let the electors themselves decide for themselves." He was only con? cerned, ho said, in the matter of the bond Issue. The plan is to have the I present land sold in a business like way, and to fix an upset price. It would be safe to figure on half a million dollars for the land. All ad? mit that It is best to give patients something to do. Employment is the best thing to do, but there is no room for such exercise. Mr. M. Tv. Smith, of Kershaw, wish? ed to extend congratulations to Mr. Harrison for the manner of his pre? sentation. "There is something high and noble in this question," he said. "Thne Is no man who is not deeply touched by such a question. There tire two report! and T hope that they will be studied." He made a long argument opposing Ofe bond issue. Mr. Cothran, of Greenville, said it was a matter of great regret that there was a division In the commit? tee in its report. n? had heard the arguments. This question cannot be brushed aside with Jokea or statistics from other states. There has been no argument against the bond Issue based on condition!. The minority reporl ahowa an absolute demand for Instant relief. Dr. < >iiii Saw v. r. of Georgetown, took up the argumenl seriously and said he wanted to taiu a^ a member of the commission m a phyalclan. At the OOnclualon Of Mr. Sawyer's argument, Mr. Duvall made the an nouifcemenl of the d ath of hla col? league, Mr. \V? IIa Vaughan. M r. Vaughan has not attended the aea slons this year on account of his ill ness, and he died at his home in Ker shavv. Mr. Vaughan was a young man of unusual promise and capac? ity. The house took absolutely no vote on the bond bill today, and there was no indication of expression. SPAIN'S RICH CITY. Few in America Realize the Indus? trial Wealth of Barcelona. It is not surprising that, if Spain, always more or less agitated by in? ternal dissensions, should have seri? ous troubles, they should centre in Barcelona, says a writer in Leslie's The chief seaport of the nation is here, and here congregate in great numbers those grades of society which are generally opposed to any organized government. Here one finds the richest and the poorest? both disturbing elements, but for dif? ferent reasons?one criroplalnlng of unequal taxation and the other of the restraints which the government places upon license. Few people in America realize the industrial wealth of Barcelona or how much she patronizes us foissraw material. Over 125,000 people are employed there in the cotton indus? try alone, and the exports of this work amount to at least $75,000,000 annually. A large amount of the raw cotton used is purchased in the Un'ted States and shipped from Gal veston, Texas. So, after all, Ameri? ca is more or less Interested in this section of Spain. Living is cheaper there than in any other city in Spain. Rents are marvelously low, and I saw a flat of fifteen rooms, with all mod ern appliances, on the Fifth avenue of the city, for which, the occupant paid $45 per month. Indeed, a very excellent apartment of ten rooms can be obtained for $25. Labor, however, in correspondingly low, and the working class enjoys few luxuries. The Catalan works with an unceas? ing energy which rather startles the laborer of other parts of Alfonso's country. Although he listens to agi? tators, he is often quick to think for himself, and he fights for what he considers his rights with the same energy, and the government at Mad? rid will do well to heed to the cry of this restless child before It is too late, for that cry is already finding an echo in northern Spain. Prussia's Great Revenues From Pub? lic Properties. The State income from public prop 2rtles amounted, in 1908, to some? what more than the total income from borrowings. The railways were the largest source of Income, and net? ted $149,755,000, or about 8 per cent, on the total Invested by Prussia in Its railway system since the State be? gan to buy and build railways, in 1848-49. Prussia derived from other sources, from its crown forests, the leased farms, the iron, coal, potash, salt, and other mines, the porcelain factories, banking, and a variety of less Important industries, $26,900,000. The policy of Prussia, which domi? nates the empire, is strongly in the direction of increasing the partici? pation of the government in indus? trial et^rprises. The Prussian legis? lature acting upon a recommenda? tion of the emperor, in the speech from the tin one at the opening of the Diet in 1906, passed a bill extend? ing widely an old act, giving the State the right to take over at a val? uation any discovery of mineral riches on private lands. Germari manufacturing and mining is rather more completely under the control of combinations than is the industry of any other country. The closely organized syndicates in the coal and iron industries control pro? duction and selling prices more effec? tively than does the United States steel corporation in the United States. The Prussian government, In Its de? sire to have a seat In the coal syn? dicate, determined three years ago to buy a controlling Interest in the shares of the Hibernla Coal Com? pany, mining 7 per cent, of the coal in the Rhlne-Westphalian region. The Dresdner Bank, acting under a pri? vate arrangement with the Prussian treasury, bought shares on the Storfc exchange until a majority of the cap? italization had been acquired. The anounccment that Prussia had bought the control of the company s?. vexed the group of coal owners who had previously ruled the company that they Increased the capitalization, and issued the new shun s to them selves, thus reacquirlng a majority.? Prom "Monarchical Socialism in Ger? many" by ESlmer Roberta in the Jan? uary Scribner. saved From Awful Peril. *"i never felt so near my grave," writes Lewis Chamblln, of Manches? ter. Ohio, lt. K. No. MSS when a frightful cough and lung trouble pull? ed me down to 115 pounds In spite of many remedies and the best docl >rs. And thai 1 am alive today Is due s-.h> lv to Dr. King's New Discovery, which completely cured me. Now I weigh 160 pounds and can work hard, it also cured my four children 1,1 croup." Infallible for Coughs and colds, its the most eei tain remedy for LaOrlppc tathma, deaperate lung trouble and all bronchial sffectlons, 50c and $1.00. A trial bottle free. Guaranteed by Blbert's Drug store. The Ballot. ? I. ?? THN VOTES FOR m ? u ? J| Subject to rules ot The Osteen Publishing Co.'s Contest. Void 0 aRer February 19. Address. District, ? ? ? ? ? THE LENTEN SEASON IS ON. THERE'S no use for your dai? ly dietary to become too familiar. Try Us 8 Boxes Celluloid Starch for 25c. Continues This Week. 'WHERE QUALITY REIGNS" HE FIRST NATIONAL, the old reliable. 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