Newspaper Page Text
Tb? Mumttr Watchman was found?
ed la 1110 and the True Southron In
Uli rat Watchman and Seethron
now baa the eorablaad circulation and
Influenae cf both of tho old pa para,
and la manifestly tha Saat adverttstng
Hum In 8umtor.
t 1TV m ||? m >1. (.It \l)l A I I >.
I oinjd. (e I 10 of n?N' Wim lla\e
Heceived iTiiiiutir. From City
Tha city schools of Sumter opened
their doors on the 2nd day of Sep?
tember. 1119. During that time there
hav* been two superintendents: Mr.
J. B. Duffle, who served from 1889
to July 1896. tnd the incumbent, Mr.
1I. Edumnda, who has serv ed since
Below la given a list of those who
hove graduated. There was no
graduating class In 1890. the t. at
cfaxa graduating in 1891:
Hugh C. Haynaworth.
Harry J. Mlkell.
Sol J. Kattenberg.
Baamle Sau nd era,
J. O. DeLorme.
O. E. llaynsworth.
T. K Holman.
L> D. Jennings,
II A. Moaee.
L, H. Jennings.
W. D. Barrett.
Merge ret Kiehardeon,
Ida St i null I.
Orrti' I .j.person,
Hcaab- M h.irdson,
Emmi, w nut more,
At u , llarby,
Man I< ) ? m? -
laah?-i:, M< Laurln.
Flor ? M ????*,
IC.s , \i ...d.
Mot, ' ? .ri.
Llasie Stui key,
I ?aJsv Yradon,
Sam B. Mitchell.
Jno S Ith h irdaon. Jr.
la C Molae.
Mamie San b ra,
Oeorg* D. Levy,
Arm ida Moses,
? . il Wilson.
Mabel 1 Mi Bant,
Hemmie May Bradford,
Bartow Walsh, Jr.
Margaret Louise Bryan
M iri* I >. I ...rnie,
Hubert Ore? ii,
Hattle i.<>u Jon .
?'Ian nc ? Kinard,
Humor Lawren< ? .
M ! b i re 4 inning,
Harold Mi? *>y.
Eunice < >steen,
Ln> He stack,
JngaSi ' handler.
W. ndell Levl,
t \ (i McOea,
Mary A. Pitts,
Quay Willi ford.
Alice Heck Baluguer.
Lois Warren Bahough,
Mabel Clolr Bowman.
Jessie Janulta Bradford,
William Nettles Bradford,
Carrie Bee Breeden.
Henrietta Winifred Brunson,
Clara Annie Childs,
Benjamin Fr?ser Dick,
Alfred China DeLorme.
John Browner D?the,
Lawrence Wooward Folsom, Jr.
Alva I. Green,
Mildred Lee Hall,
Agnes Stewart Haynsworth,
Alex T. Haynsworth,
James Arthur Haynsworth,
Donald Graham Hinson,
Margaret Augusta Hood,
Eleanor Beverly Hughson,
Elllen McDonald Hurst,
Walter Herbert Jones,
Camilla Holmes Kllgore,
Katherlne Loretta McKeiver,
John Alfred Owen,
Ernest Harrison Rhame, Jr.
Leola Kate Rose,
Lucile Rose Ryttenberg,
William Judson Shaw,
Julius Sinclair Smith,
Harry Danner Walsh,
Duane Latimer Wannamaker,
Francys Cornelia White,
Wade H. Willlford,
Lucia Rodgers Williamson,
Maggie May Seale,
Rnnnwny on Bartlett street.
A runaway took place on Bartlett
street Saturday that in the end
amounted to a smashed up
wagon and a badly skinned
horee, the same beim the
property of Croeewell St Company:
It st?tns that the negro driver was
unloading the wagon and had gone
to the store on the corner of Wash?
ington and Bartlett streets With an
armful of goods, leaving the horse
unhitched, as is generally the case,
when the horse became frightened at
an automobile that swept past at a
very rapid gait and started down the
street as hard as he could go. Part
Of the wagon was left on the cor?
ner when It struck a telephone post
and the rest was left at the corner
of Main and Bartle tt streets, where
the horse- stumbled into the drain
and tell down, the negro catching
it before it could start off again.
Persons who have not paid their
wate r rent for the past quarter had
best do so at once. for. If they do
not d?> so, they will have to go
Without water. Mr. McKagen, su?
perintendent of the ? ity water works,
has already shut off the water from
some- house that are* delinquemt in
paying their water rent and he will
shut off the water from the others
who hove not paid, as ho comes t<>
them in straightening up his books
for the quarter, Persons do not
seem to realise that the city loses
that money that is not paid for the
water rent and, as It Is, the city Is
heavily In debt and gedtlng moro so
all of the- time and needl every cent
of Co- money.
Practical Thoughts i
(Conducted by B. W. Dabb*. Pre
Borne Farmers' Union Not?**.
The next meeting of the County
Union Will pe on the 2nd Friday in
November in the Court House in
Sumter, November 11th at 11 o'clock
a. m. This was done to keep from
Conflicting with the State Fair on the
* * ?
The Union Brokerage company has
been requested by a good firm that
is in the country produce business, to
enter into arrangements to supply
poultry, eggs and country butter.
But how car. it do so if the farmers
do not have these things to sell? It
is to be hoped the high price of cot?
ton will not cause the neglect of
these more humble products of our
labor and foresight. Cotton may be
king and corn is queen, but butter
and milk, eggs and poultry, mutton
and beef, hams and bacon, are the
legislatures and congress that make
the reign of the king and queen
pleasant and prosperous.
E. W. D.
Some Random Thoughts.
The article by Prof. Barrow about
Capt. Bunch's fine corn on the State
Hospital farm In Columbia is worth
a careful perusal. Some years ago
I went to this farm in May to see a
manure spreader at work. Capt.
Bunch told me their corn yield had
been doubled by the broadcast distri?
bution of manure to the corn when
from six inches to a foot high, and
worked in the soil around the grow?
ing plants. The work I saw done
then convinced me the manure
spreader is one of our best labor
savers. I have not top dressed
corn since that year, 1906, because I
have stumps and the machine would
destroy too much corn passing
around the stumps, besides would
be too heavy to pull if land is bed?
ded out and corn is in water furrow.
When I get rid of stumps that will be
the way I will apply black manure
? t ?
The work done by the boys this
year ought to forever stop the cry o!
its being cheaper to buy corn than
to make it. My son's crop, although
not the highest yield I have heard
of shows a net profit of $65 on a sur?
veyor's measured acre. I think all
of the statements are conservative aa
to the value of the pea crop and im?
proved condition of the land, amount?
ing to nearly half of the labor, ferti?
lizer and rent, and the corn was ev?
ery bit weighed by a disinterested
committee. He is sure that nexl
year with favorable seasons, he can
add very materially to the yield with
no more cost, by planting thicket
and using different fertilizers.
Eleven days' work with boy and
mule, making $68, means that hf
could have made between $200 and
$300 on four acres with abojt forty
days' work, or a year's college ex?
penses In less than two months
I work, from Marc h to July. Any bo>
of good health and average strength
without capital could, If he is willing
to work, secure four or five acres
of land from some farmer, and make
enough to start him to College. He
could do even better than the above
showing for he could pay his board
and rent und fertiliser accounts with
his labor for the farmer and his en?
tire prodm tlon on his extra crops
would be profit. The boy mention?
ed above Will make on his interest
In a cotton crop probably $135 more?
net, and very little time was lost
from school to work these two c rops.
These Statements are published in
no spirit of boastt ulness, but to show
the wonderful possibilities In thU
wonderful 'Maud of opportunity." i'>
this year of grate, 1910, And t<
Urge Other larniers to give the ii
boys a chance and to inspire othei
! boys not only to do likewise, but to
do a great deal better.
* e s
There Is one lesson these boyn
have taught us. and we will miss B
great deal of good from their efforts
If we elo not learn this lesson, viz.
It is that a few acres well manured
and tilled will yield more crop and
more pleaeure and less labor than
many acres even moderately well
manured and tilled. It Is intensive
farming made plain. Will we learn
this lesson" We trust the results In
1911 on all the farms In Sumter
county will show that we have. And
that with fewer acres to cultivate
and worry over there will be more
leisure for rest and culture, and more
profits for still further Improve?
ments. E. W. 1).
There Is always a best way of
doing everything, it it be to boll an
nion News |
'or Practical Farmers s)
nldent Fanners' Union of Sumter t)
unty.) f !
80 BUSHELS OfkCORN PER ACRE
ON SAND-HILL LAN I).
HOW It nus Done, and How Others
) May do It?Nitrosen from Stable
Manure or From Fertilizers?
1 By Prof. D. N. Harrow, South Caro?
lin,. Field Editor.
! One of the best examples to be
: found In this State of what can be
I done wi^th poor soils by the free use
of vegetable matter combined with
! deep preparation and good culture is
I to be seen on what is known as the
Asylum Farm, in the suburbs of
When this land was taken in hand
by Captain J. W. Hunch, the Treas
erer of the State Hospital for the In
same, some 20 years ago, it was re?
garded as practically worthless. Jt
is in the "sandhill" section abandon?
ed and covered with a spare growth
of broomsedge. Today the yield from
these abandoned lands averages 70 to
80 bushels of corn, 35 bushels oi oats
and 15 tons o/ ensilage per acr >
This improvement has b en made
by pursuing the following system:
The land is plowed, a system* li :
rotation, consisting of oats and vetch,
peas and corn, and peas has been
practiced. At times sorghum is sub?
stituted for the corn. In addition to
the plowing and the rotation this
land annually receives the manure
from a herd of 300 cattle, most of
them dairy cows. This manure is
carefully saved and applied to che
land in return for which the land,
200 acres, produces all of the rough
feed ocnsumed by these cattle to?
gether with a number of hogs. In
addition to raising feed for this live
stock this farm also raises large per?
centage of the vegetables consume 1
by the inmates of the hospital. Of
course, free use is made of the silo.
In this connection it is of interest
to know Captain Bunch's method
of utilizing all of his corn crop.
From many acres he cuts and places
1 in the silo all of the crop. But when
1 fed upon silage cows also require t
certain amount of dry feed. Man>
now supply this dry feed by the use
! of hulls. Instead of buying hulls.
Capt Bunch cuts his corn just below
1 the ear and cures It. When cured,
1 the ears are removed and the rest
' of the stalk converted Into stover.
After this corn is cut, and while still
1 green the rest of the stalk Is cut,
5 hauled to the barn, and after going
through a cutter, is placed in the silo.
Capt. Bunch is no doubt correct in
his claim that the lower part of the
' stalk Is more valuable as ensilage
1 than as shredded corn stover; but I
' question whether this superiority is
1 sufficient to pay for the increased
1 costs of the work. With this farm
this increased cost is not an item as
most of the work is done by the pa
Some commercial fertilizer has
1 been used in building up this land,
but it has been chietly in the form
of phosphates and potash. On this
year's crop of corn there was used
4 00 pounds per acre of a mixture con
1 sisting of four parts 17 per cent acid
' to one part muriate potash. This
1 mixture would analyez approximately
13.6 per cent phosphate acid and
10 per cent potash. In addition to
this, applied at the time of planting
' there is also used 100 pounds of
1 nitrate of soda, applied as the corn
was bunching to tassel. As mention
; j ed in the beginning, the yield was
I about 80 bushels of corn per acre.
Ye who are paying, and did pay this
year, 10 and 20 cents a pound for the
nitrogen that you used in your fer?
tilizers, notice that most of the ni?
trogen used by this crop Is from the
1 j manure. The only purchased nitro
gen in the form of nitrate of soda.
; was in the cheapest form. The act
i ual outlay for "guano" could not
> have exceeded $6 per acre. If there
were used ten tons of stable manure
' per acre on this land this spring, this
? manure contained l<?o pounds of ni
trogen and would have cost. In the
form of cottonseed meal, at least $19.
I Admitting that the crop used half of
, this amount, the balance remaining
: In the soil as permanent improve?
ment, then it would have been r.e
l cessary to have spent $y more, or
I $15 In all, to have supplied this crop
i with nitrogen. But the simple sup?
plying of nitrogen does not represent
all the value derived from the ma?
nure. It is very much to be ques
i tloned whether $9 worth of nitrogen
? In any other form would have result?
ed in so good a yield, for without the
humus supplied by the manure there
Would certainly have been a deficien?
cy of moisture in this soil this year.
What has been done here in the
shape of soil Improvement can be
done With most any soil In the South,
and the sooner this fact Is realised
the better it will be with us ?Pro?
FIGHT ON LABOR CONTRACT
Peonage Pane from Georgia Before
V. s. Court?Widespread Effect,
Washington, Oct. if.?Believing
that hundreds of Southern negroee
sire being deprived of their liberty
by big planters under forma of law
the Federal Government will endeav?
or this week to indue;- the Supreme
Court of the United States to strika
a telling blow at the alleged evil.
This it will do by asking the Cr rt to
declare unconstitutional the so- -ailed
Atamaba "labor contract" law. Sim?
ilar laws have heen passed by sev?
eral of the Southern States and tbe
decision is expected to apply to them
The treatment of negro farm ".lands
under this law is interpreted by the
department of justice ps a reduction
of these laboreis to a state of peon?
age. Compulsory service to satisfy
debt is taken by Attorney General
Wickersham as the object of the
The State of Alabama will e ppear
in Court to defend its enactment. It
is claimed by Attorney General Garb
er, of that State, that the law in ques?
tion is not aimed at the negro as a
class, and?anyway tl is is a proper
exercise of the police power of lb*
State to stop fraudulent practices
from which the South has suffered
The case comes to the Court an
the appeal of a regro, Alonzo Bailey,
from the decision of the Supreme
Court of Alabama, which held Pie
law constitutional and puidsa'd
Bailey for violating it by assessing a
fine equivalet to 136 days hard labor
for the county.
Bailey entered into a written con?
tract to work as a farm haiid for the
Riverside Comany during the year
1908 for the sum of $12 per month,
the contract reciting that Badey had
received $15 in advance an I WOO to
receive the balance due him at the
rate of $10.75 per month. He work?
ed a month and a few days an? then
quit, it was claimed, without Just
cause. He had failed, the reco d al?
leges, to refund the money advanced
The negro was arrested uader "\he
labor contract" law. This law pro?
vides that in contracts of service , en?
tered into by a laborer with : itfcnt
to defraud where money was ac cano?
ed, the contract broken without Just
cause and the money not refunded,
tv?o lahorer should *< Jeemed guilty
of misdemeanor. \r r ndim .t lo
?h' law in lift! provided th^j fall
lit. r.. perform, the s?\, . ? ! > re?
fund the monej ghou ri as t=v
cie evidence of Intent to defraud.
Attorney General Wickersham Lays
stress particularly upon the argu?
ment that the natural and reasonable
effect of the statute was not to step
I fraudulent practices, but to impoee
compulsory services on negroes, who
< made up he bulk of farm labor In
the State, in satisfaction of deb*.
TY COBB LEADING BATSMAN.
The Georgian Leads Lajoie by Small
Chicago, Oct. 16.?Tyrus Cobb, by
official verdict of President Johnson
today, was the leading batsman of
the American League during the last
season, with a winning percentage
over Larry Lajoie, of Cleveland, of
.000860. As the National Leaguers
dropped out the batting contest . ome
time ago, President Johnson's an?
nouncement means that Cobb Is the
champion hitter of the country. The
automobile, over which trophy t aere
has been so much excitement and not
a little criticism, goes to the Detroit
player, but the Cleveland captain, by
permission of Mr. Johnson, will be
allowed to accept a duplicate.
Third Baseman Corriden, of St.
Louis, is vindicated in the statement,
and Umpire Evans Is quoted as say?
ing that not only were I^ajoie's eight
hits all legitimate, but that he really
should have been credited with nlne
Mr. Jeehnson stated that he has re
quired Preside-a Hedges, of the St.
Louis Club, to probe further the
c harge that some one connected with
his club attempted to Influence the
The Cobb-Lajoie batting averages,
as officially given out tonight, as as
Player. At bat. Hits. Aver.
Cobb. 509 196 .P.S606
Lajoie.591 227 .3S409
The receipts of cotton on the mar?
ket Saturday were the largest in any
South Carolina market sc? far report?
WANTED?l have in charge to lease
to right party an eight or ten horse
farm at Summerton. Apply to W.
IV Carson. Pal/ell. S. C.
FOR SAIiE?One heavy Sargcant
saw mill, with 40 feet carriage,
fitted with Hancock feed and wire
rone drive, together with a 50 in.
Slmonds saw. all complete with
necessary belting, and practically
new. For particulars apply to
Sumter Railway and Mill Supply
Co., Sumter, S. C. 9-29-lra