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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, July 06, 1912, Image 1

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-I MTKIi WATCHMAN. r*aMtalirri April, ISM. *Be Just ma Fear mot?Let all the ends Tbou Aims't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and Troth's." THE TR?E SOUTHRON, Established June, SMS
n&o?dated Au*. 3,1881. SUMTER, S. C, SATRUDAY, JULY 6. 1912. Vol. XXXIV. No. 38.
GAM?ii>\ii s \|\Ki: t.oou talk
TO \ sM\ll IMvNTHl
siasik' rjnown.
|m jK?k>^ Plain M it? in? nt of I -
Mini Tulbert Wims Kloqucnt
I **d Tvll* Many ,lok?->? Ttiiuui At
?'?^jmvk* Solicitor Spoil's Record und
i PUHl Vhk.v Wurm Reply.
si ?
?pflPhe ??en ?torl (I rpeakers wore heard
the court hoime Tuesday by a
d of some hundred or less vot
aud the candidates for Solicitor
snade eloquent addresaea In
they '.old their audiences that
wer** in the race and wanted
for the positions whieh they
crowd waa very small at the
Ing of the speaking and never
Ned much over a hundred, a
somewhat leas than that be
}j?ohable average which heard
la sp%.tkers had to say. Mr.
to a plain business talk.
?sicusMlng ihe Issue* and stat
platn terms what be stood for.
tfSart told a i,reat many Jokes,
audience Into a good humor.
Into flights of eloquence
hrg various things that should
Id not be.
feature of the meeting was
pltack on Solicitor Stoll'a record,
fey his opponent. Thos. |{. Ta
df bishop.1 lile. and Mr. Stolls
rejS>ly to Mr. Tatum's statements,
ejgrd waa niggardly with Its ap
Sdthough each speaker did
rane applause when he ended
irks. Liberal applause waa
dtor Stoll when he finished'
MrVTat urn's attack,
ding was called to order in
house by County Chairman
:ly after noon .and Mr.
Laurent?, was introduc
speak*, lie spoke for
, Mr Dial stated at the
hie speech that he whs
*an ard was running for
?ay uletforu'. u
To or any anything during hi*
'ks to >ead his audience to oe
the contrary. Ho said he wan
known tb Burnt er people, as he
never be 'n about the State bofere
?eking a political office, but he was
[lad to meet the people now. He
ran a bank? r. lawyer, farmer. and
tagHged In other businesses 1>? -odes
hes* He bad done much for the up
iutldtng <>f the state and wanted t?>
|oniir. hi-t work In this line.
As a ?-andidat?? f?>r the I'nited
?totes senate, he had no hobby to
Wde and did not m*?an to aha-- m -
Me. He was proud of his State and
Hp* record she had made, but he
ited to see a constant drain on the
?urces of the State for money to
paid out In interest on money
?ought in from other states. He was
ipo*?<1 to the two-thirds rule. M
ttlquated rule which should hav?
in done away with years ago. A
era of Democratic success was
approaching and ho believed In put
lag In new men at the head of af
Hrs. [(.? t it.-.I ,t this point th.it he
?as In favor ??f W od row Wilson for
resident and hoped he would Im
Ominated by the Baltimore ? ?>nv? n
On. He was opposed to tin- tariff,
fhich was as high as during the civil
?es? The r? isi-ii tli it there w.ts not
?are profit In Southern entorpi
84 IWIIH?' !?)?? Ml. ?II W Wa? UoinU'
Itto the rich corporations. of the
Berth, because of tin t!??n <'f the
Irin taws. He waa in favoi >f
liorugh clsaaelnfj ol the fee\eral i an?
fon roil*. ? reduction la th< eoal oi
e paetoAci' department md of i
|fO cent 1 ? -11- ige Kxpnyy rates
Mi ssjttretj toe high and should be
lu^-eil lie was against th.? cstin
[thing ??r army p?>*ts throughout UtS
Peat in order n> the part] la power
Ight ra rrj doubtful itates i nd he
Innted the government to t ira lot i
.e Ptolllpplnee, The Panama mal
las turnlnc > \ ?* cithf n>l ? I Ii"
Minted the government to mend
pare money In drainage and In im
ovlng rlwra and harbors. If? - \\ ?
ig? In favor of a nation il merchant
?'irine and Ihe pis?ag< of i law al
Iwing the merchants 1 ? buy
iom Any source the] eould k* ? them
e was In favor <?f getting young
'en la huj land ami settle on th??
rm and believed tlM large land
Kielers should cut up l!n-'r farms f.>r
Ii? purpod* . The people must fftUV!
?sal reeds and Ihe nation*] govern
fent sh??ui help lo k>-\ them, as they
?re a means of Pol Ml ug up Ihe
Utoete and churchea.
Ha urge,! the i >. ?? ? i' I * *? ml thell
Illldren In school and pointed out
ie nnwusalty of education. He ip
foved of government *Stenslon work
nd spoke at length ftt the Warhoues
Ian, advising that the government Is
sue eortlllcatos so the (armen
i M - ore their eoiton end s*.u it at
a profit. He stated that Ii was not B
reoont tiling which had eome t?> him.
, but that he had been thinking >f II
'a long time and had bullt ? I Otton
warehouse fifteen year? IgO, When r.?
h.ui the. eame plan '-a view, h
tkovght that the preeent banking
, aws of the I'nited St.it? s wi-n the
noat antiquated of any ointry in th i
world and that other laws should he
enacted. He was in tavor of a safe.
ound and elastic currency. He sad
i hat he would not say that he approv
ed of the Aldrich plan, but there were
some very good features in it. it
would bring the money here and keeu
J it here and the people could get it
at a cheap rate of interest. He
jthought that laws should be parsed
1 to prevent gambling in farm produce
at nothing hurt the fanner and man
1 ufacturer more than fluctuating mit?
I kete.
j He then spoke in reference to his
opponents, saying that Col. Talbert
head served his State for many yars
and it would he a pity to draw him
forth now from his home on the
Savannah river. He stated that Sena
Itor Tillrnan had taught the people of
' the State many years ago that when
;a person could not perform the du?
ties of his office he should retire and
allow a man to till the office who
, could perform its duties. As soon as
|he was ?nflt for duty he should step
I aside. He did not believe in Tillrnan
staying in the senate for merely jen
tim-n'.nl reasons. An active man was
wanted in the oittie, one Who could at
all times stand up for hl< side on any
question. The Democratic party needs
votes more now tfian ever before and
for this reason he did not think it
was a good plan to have a man there
who could pair his vote with some?
body on the other side.
J He felt that he could be of service
to the people of the State in the sen?
ate. He received applause at the con?
clusion of his remarks.
Mr. V/. J. Talbert, of Edgefleld. was
i the next speaker. He had been a Con
f-(1 ! ?'*? - Var. i r.nres'-jitaliv? and
senator from his county, and hid
[served in congress, he told hi3 hear
-ers. He then went on to tell a num
bot 01 Jokes and get his audience in
'a good h'imor. Jjkes were inter
1 spersed all through his speech which
at times waxed eloquent,
j H?? i>;iiil ? tribute to the women of
(the st.,T?>. saying that they were even
more to be proud of than tho Spartan
?lOthen Of whom history has told us.
He s iid that rn> harsh words would
pass between the candidates, he hid
learned to love his opponent during
tho eonrOf of the campaign. "I do
not believe in life tenure of office."
I he declared, and then w??nt on to say
.that he had expected Senator Tillrnan
to be his only opponent when he had
announced his candidacy and Sena?
tor Tillrnan, he was sorry to say. was
not able to make the campaign and
spe:ik to the voters for himself, as
he had said he would when he first
heard that he would be opposed.
Hi Was in sympathy with the farm?
er"- as he was a farmer himself. He
did not believe that any man should
Ollef himself for office, until he had
first examined himself and found that
he w as competent to ill I the offl
and willing and able to serve. He be?
lieved that the holder of such an of
tico should serve the people oxclusi\e
ly, forgetting hi? own interest-; at
homo, Hi c' id not believe that any
OflSoe holder should ride on free pass?
es from the railroad and he thought
that It ought to be ? punlebabli of?
(ense for i railroad t.? giv?? ? pass to
an office holder, Also hi did not be?
lleve In an offlee holder riding around
the country on free passes giving
lectures ,when he ihould he In his
j He referred In th.- expense of the
icamp;iign, nid stated that he thought
Ith? expenses were too muoh, as it
Wai the right Of any man. however
poor, t'i run for office and the e\
pense deterred many from running.
.\i preeent there was ? tight between
the trusts, corporations ,etc? and the
people. He believed the people
?h< ud Mile ;md DjOt the monled in
jterestfl, is w.is. hi declared, tr? ? ? case
today. 4 He heltoved tie- government
(should npend money fo? d alnage ?Ir?
rigation ind public Improvements, in
sttad of building dreadnaughts and
keeplni op such large standlni nr?
mi He believed In irbltratlon and
rec proclty.
h ? paid i trlbuts to v*'itlsm Jen?
nlngi Bry in, w ho be declared, was
the onry man )rt th?- wie? .' Democra?
tic convention with etap.lna enough
to denounce the monled Intereets as
the ruination of the ?ountry, it" also
paid 0 tribute to Woodrow Wilson
Whom he hoped would be nominated
and be the next president of the
I'nited States.
Ho WAI in favor of good roads, as
so muny blessings rann* from them,
and he stated that ? the Constitution
did l < t allow appropriations for cer?
tain public Improve ments, then the
con?: union should be changed to
meet changing oondltlons. The Sher?
man anti-truit law had proved in
effect VOi he said. "I stand for more
drastic anti-trust legislation." He
believed in liberal appropriations for
schools, and, if necessary, government
aid for schools, but he did not be?
lieve la educating the negro too much.
He wanted the laws so changed that
every white boy could go to school
and get an education.
He advocated the putting of Con?
federate soldier's names on the Fed?
eral pension lists. This might be a
radical idea and it had met with
much opposition from the papers, hut
he had advocated things before Which
had been laughed at, but which wore
now on the Democratic platform He
had been first to introduce a bill pen?
sioning Confederate veterans by
States. 1-ut this was generally done
now. i;e asked that he be allow ad
to introduce a bill putting Confed?
erate Veterans on the Federal pension
bill in the United States senate.
He believed in a tariff for reevnue.
He was opposed to the Aldrich cur?
rency bill because it took he coinage
of money out of the handt of the gov?
ernment and he did not h< lieve in
this. He stated at this point that a
resolution had been passed at the re?
cent State Democratic convention
permitting other candidates to enter
tke race in case of death of another
candidate. He said this resolution
had been passed because there were
a number of people in the convention
who wanted Senator Tillman's job.
He had heard this and it was rumor?
ed around, he would, not say it was
He Stated that he would make no
charges against any of the other can?
didates, he was running on his own
merits und not on the demerits of
others. He stated that he would not
go into the details of the land deal
N the Wist With whi^b Senator Till?
rnan was charged with being con?
cerned, he would not state how Sen?
ator Tillrnan and Foraker had been
against Roosevelt in taking up for ne?
gro troops in Texas, lie had nothing
to say about Tillman's having voted
to seat Senator Lortmer of Illinois,
who had secured his election by fraud.
He merely mentioned these things to
show that he could go into them, but
WOUld not as he was running strictly
on his own merits, and had no charg?
es to make against any one else. He
did not know if the things were true
or not.
He advocated the initiative, refer?
endum sind recall, he believed In an
Office holder being recalled when he
did not give his constituents satisfac?
tion. He spoke for something over
! forty minutes and was liberally ap?
plauded when he ended his speech.
Solicitor P, H. Btoll, a candidate
for reelection a3 solicitor of the third
I judicial circuit, next made a short
speech. Ho lirst thanked the people
[of Sumter county for the support they
had given him four years ago and
asked them tu endorse his first term
[of office by giving him a second term.
He did not wish to be "kicked out."
!as such a thing would be a very ser?
ious affair to a young man. He was
'tinning on his record. Which was as
good as that of any other solicitor in
the State He stated that an examin?
ation of the Attorney General's re?
ports would show that he had a rec?
ord of t:: per cent of convictions for
one year and 79 per cent for another
Near. ThlS Was as good a record as
any candidate could boast of .
He had made mistakes as a solicit?
or he knew and If he were reelected
he Would Continue to make mistakes,
but he had fulfilled his duty as he
sau it and he was now better able t.?
do the work than when he was elect?
ed four years ago, lie tried In all
caeca and In every way to be practical,
He hoi done what b<- believed wai
for the best Interest of the county
ami the prompt despatch of business.
I!,- had always treated witness.' with
fairness and civility and he would
continue to treat them In thla way,
even it it did no) meet the watlafnc
tlon of some Of those who wer.- in?
terested In the cases. lie had al?
ways aimed at ihe truth, In order that
)ust!c< might be obtained, ai justice
fc.i- what was w mted by the state,
Mi Stull mad a good speech and
M ih llhorolly applauded w hen he
look his se it
Mr, Thos. H. Tatum, of Rtshopvllle,
wie? i< opposing Mr. stoii for the of?
fice was next heard from. 11? stated
that he had recently been here lo
hear the state campaign party. He
liked politics and that he thought it
a good thing that the American peo?
ple Hked them He Wanted the Job,
Great Dirigible Balloon Durst When
Two Thousand Feet in the Air De?
stroying Shtn and Killing six Pas
?engen?Knd of the Man Who
Thought He Could Sail Across the
Atlantic?Yanirnan Was Loader in
tin* Wcllmaii Attempt to Cross the
Atlantic Two Years Ago.
Atlantic City, July 2.?Melvin Van
lman, his brother, Calvin Vaniman,
Fred Elmer, George Boultion and
Walter Guess were killed at 6.30 this
morning by the explosion of Vani
man'e dirigle ballon "Akeron." The
bag burst while two thousand feet in
the air. The bodies fell into three
fathoms of water. One unidentified
body ha3 been recovered.
Melvin Vaniman was associated for
several years with Walter Wellman
In his efforts to reach the North Pole
by means of a great dirigible balloon
and subsequently to cross the Atlantic
The great fiasco they made of the at?
tempted trip across the ocean two
years ago is still fresh in the minds of
(the public. After this failure Wel?
lman gave up active participation in
j the airship enterprise, but Vaniman
1 firmly believed that he could even?
tually build a dirigible that would he
aide to cross the ocean, and the
Akeron which was destroyed today
was the result of hio labors.
The supervisors of registration
were kept very busy Monday regis?
tering those who had not registered
and those who wanted renewals of
their certificates. During the past
few days several persons of advanced
age, who have never registered be?
fore, were registered. I ine of these
had reached the age of 81, while
another was 72. When asked why he
had never registered, he stated that
he had never thought that there was
any use for it, but he registered now
so that he could say he had been
through it once before he died. How?
ever, the gentleman seemed in a fair
state of preservation at the time, with
no signs Of dropping off any time soon.
is he had a right to want it and run
for it. and was not trying to kick
anybody out of office. He was ex?
ercising a constitutional right which
any man might exercise.
He stated that the enforcement of
law depends upon the Solicitor's of?
fice, the tenure of property, the free?
dom from violence) and. he Intimated,
that a good man was needed In the
Office, He said that he had not in?
tended to make any (barges in this
campaign, but since his opponent had
stated that he was running on his
record fie would more fully explain
that record to the audience, as Mr.
Btoll's statement was not exactly
clear. He then went on to make an
attack on Mr. Stoll's record, showing
by figures which he had secured from
the records of the county clerk of
court, that of convictions in cases
which had been fought out in court
against opposing counsel, the Solicitor
had secured only 1 'i per cent of con?
victions in the cases. He reviewed
the number of cases which had been
tried, the number of bills and indict?
ments, and laid particular stress on
the numerous cases which had been
SO| prossed by the Solicitor, intimat?
ing that a number of hard cases had
been dropped, He said that the Soli?
citor in his reckoning had Included
the cases wh ?re the parties had plead
guilty. He reviewed the Solicitor's
record from start to finish, intimating
that Mr. Stoll had not been exactly
correct In his figures. He was ap?
plauded at the close of Iiis remarks,
but not BS liberally as was Alt.
Mr, Stoll at one. made a repl\ to
the critlolsmb of bis record which
had been made by Mr. Tatum. He
said thai he had stated that he
took the record from the Attorney
! leneral's reporl and that if any one
would examine those reports they
would Und thai he h id stated the
figures correctly. ,He also defied an>
?.tie to Und anywhere In the reports
>f tbe Attorney General where nn>
other Solicitor had a greatly superior
r.rd to his ow n. I le Bald he would
?tand bj what he bad said at first,
and wanted the cases stated clearly.
Me nald in reference to the number
of eases lei prossed that he had by
nol prossing these cases saved the
county hundreds ,.t dollars by throw?
ing out cases which could not have
resulted In conviction, it' they had
been tried. He stood on his record and
nol mlstnted facts. He made a heat?
ed reply and was given the most ap?
plause given at any time during the
day when he closed his remarks.
Withdrawal of Underwood und Re
loaee of All Clark Delegates Except
Those Prom Speaker's state, wiio
Remained Loyal to Last, Turn Tide
to Wood row Wilson, WImmss Nomi?
nation is Made Unanimous.
Baltimore, July 5.?For President?
Governor Woodrow Wilson, of New
For Vice President ? Governor
Thos. R. Marshall, of Indiana.
This was the ticket completed by
the Democratic National Convention
1.56 A. M. today.
The nomination of Governor Mar?
shall, for Vice President came as
something of a surprise, for, when
the night's balloting for Vice Presi?
dent began it seemed that the Bryan
Wilson contingent in the convention
had definitely settled upon Governor
John E. Burke, of North Dakota.
There was not much of a fight,
however, and when two ballots dis?
closed Marshall easily in the lead.
Governor Burk's name was with?
drawn and Marshall was proclaimed
the nominee by acclamation. A min?
ute later the convention had adjourn?
ed sine die.
Governor Wilson was nominated at
the afternoon session on the forty
sixth ballot, and his nomination, like
that of Governor Marshall tonight,
was quickly made Unanimous. The
best of feeling pervaded both ses?
Mr. Bryan had announced his in?
tention of introducing a resolution in
effect discharging the national com?
mittee from the conduct of the com?
ing campagin and allowing Governor
Wilson to appoint his own campaign
committee. He was dissuaded from
this course, and, instead of making a
move that might have stirred up
strife, he made a little speech which
he termed his "valedictory" and In
happy mood turned over the mantle
to his former leadership as a Presi?
dents] candidate to Governor Wilson.
He pledged his faithful support to
the Presidential nominee and ended
by urging that either Governor Burke
or Benatoi George Chamberlain, of
Oregon, be nominated Vice President.
The Nebraskan was understood par?
ticularly to favor Governor Burke as
a type of the modern progressive.
When, after the first ballot, some
one moved to make the nomination of
Marshall unanimous, Mr. Bryan
started for tile stage to make a State?
ment. The motion was withdrawn be?
fore he could speak. When the mo?
tioned was resumed, after the second
ballot. Mr. Bryan did not protest.
The platform hewed out In com?
mittee several days ago, and Warmly
praised by .Mr. Bryan, was adopted
with a whoop.
Many of the delegates wont direct?
ly from the convention hall to special
trains and by tomorrow practically all
will have left town.
I Baltimore, July 2.?Governor Wood
row Wilson of NVw Jersey, wi i made
the Presidential nomine?- ..t' the Dem?
ocratic National Convention at the af?
ternoon session today w h >n, on the
16th ballot, he received 990 votes to
81 for i 'hamp < 'lark.
The Missouri delegation, which had
remained faithful to Clark t<? the end,
then moved that the nomination be
made unanimous. There was a great
( horns of approval and the long light
was over.
Only four ballots were necessary to?
day to reach u nomination. When the
convention adjourned last nigh? the
convention had seemed to be In all
but a hopeless deadlock. Wilson had
begun to lose ground on the last few
ballots and Champ Clark had made
a few temporary gains. This en?
couraged the Speaker to run over to
Baltimore from Washington this
morning, In the hope of still further
turning the tide and rallying his
forces to a final stand.
When he reached here, however; he
learned that the Illinois delegation,
at an early morning conference had
decided to switch from Clark to Wil?
son. This meant a change of "?7
\otes and was as fatal to Clark's
chances ;is ti was Inspiring to the
Wilson forces. Illinois had been ex?
pected to "break" ail day yesterday
and there was deep gloom in the Wil?
son camp when it failed to do SO.
With the change this morning,
however, the Wilson forces went to
the Convention hall at noon In the
firm belef that the New Jersey <;,.\
ernor would be nominated before
another adjournment was taken. As
they had anticipated, the vote of lilt
nols marked the beginning of the end,
West Virginia joined hands with DU*
nois in going over to Wilson on the
4?th l?ailot, the tirst cast today.
Wilson jumped from the final vote
i 194 last night to\ol on the first
?allot today. The figures told their
own story. The Wilson d<'legates
were jubilant as Chariman James di?
rected the second call of the day?
the 4 4th of the Convention.
The most important change on this
ballot was in the Colorado delegation,
which had voted 11 for Clark and 1
for Wilson. This time Colorado divid?
ed, 10 to 2 In favor of Wilson.
Altogether the ultimate nominee
gained 2 7 votes on this ballot. Then
came the 4 5th. it was disappointing
in a way, for Clark held trie own and
Wilson made a gain of only 4.
There were few in the hall t this
time who did not believe ~on
would win, but they feare ? ould
take a long, long while dir. to
attain the 725 1-3 votr ?V ssary to
nominate. It was re ^ that there
must be a decided ' ^ in the Cn
derwood vote, w' . .ad held firm
from the begin jetore any man
could w*n. V
The fort* ballot, which had
been orde cant results. Senator
Stone, of M. ,ouri, who had been in
consultation with the Speaker, climb
ed on the stage and when he could
make himself heard, released in the
name of the Speaker all of the dele*
gates who had been pledged for him.
I "As for Missouri, however," he
added, "she will cast her 36 votes for
old Champ Clark to the end."
That was the. beginning of the end; I
it became apparent that Woodrow
t Wilson would he nominated, and his
I nomination followed shortly after
\ wards.
I Mayor Fitzgerald, of Boston, fol?
lowed Stone. The Convention was in
'an almost continuous uproar. The
I Wilson forces were already eelebrat
ing their victory. There no longer
I was any doubt as to the result. Mayor
i Fitzgerald withdrew the name of Gov.
j Foss, of Massachusetts, from further
: consideration and declared that "the
Old Bay State' would fall in line for
Woodrow Wilson.
i Then a second Fitzgerald was rec
' Ognlsed. This time it was the Con?
gressman from Brooklyn, a member
of the New York delegation. He
made a plea for harmony and ended
by suggesting that a further roll call
? be dispensed with and the nomination
I of Wilson be made by acclamation.
' New York, he said, was ready to vote
for the man the great majority of the
delegate I desired as their nominee.
The faithful Mlssourians objected
;to this plan because of their deatre to
.vote a last time for Sneaker Claik. It
was a. foregone conclusion what the
result would be as the last call of the
states began.
Alabama, which had started every
: other call with 24 votcfl for Fnder
[wood, ?hange?! to Wilson and State
i after state followed suit
I it was just 3.1.". P. M when the
I solid 76 VOtea for Pennsylvania car
' t ied WiNon over the winning line,
'making his total at thi time 733
j votes. m -v. .
The stampede did not end until 990
of the 1.0>s votes in the Convention
had been i tst for the nominee.
j Missouri with her 3?> had been
joined on the last ballot, for Clark, by
i 24 of California's 21 votes by 0 dele?
gates from Florida, 2 from Louisiana?
all ?> from Nevada. from NVw Jer?
sey, the home State of Governor Wil?
son, ? from the district of Columbia
and 1 from ?>hio. This little handful
readily joined in the chorus of ac?
clamation when Senator Stone moved
that the nomination he made unani?
i It was :;.1"> P. M. When Chairman
James officially declared Mr. Wilson
the nomine? of his party. There was
an attempt a( another demonstration,
but the delegates were too tired to
keep it up long Tlo ., t,, ma local
appropriation for ? band had run out
l ?st Saturday nig! I and there was no
inspiring musi help along the an*
thuslasm. in :' respect the nomlu?
ttion was unto Every one In the
Convention ho med in a happy
frame of mind . it the end had cense.
w. j. Bryan who had taken abac*
lately no part In * proceedings of
the day other ' ! !o e:u?t his vote
with a majority of '1 Nebraska dole
nation tor Governoi Wilson, was BUT*
rounded by many admirers, but
would say nothing at the time. He
said he would prepare a statement
later in the day.
Nominations for the Vice Presiden?
cy were in order, but no one had been
agreed upon, so it was decided that a
recess should be taken until 9 P. M.,
when the Vice President should ho
named and the platform adopted.
Tho Interim was devoted to confer?
ences on both subjects).

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